The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 23, 1954 · Page 1
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April 23, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, April 23, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 28 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS. FRIDAY, APRIL 23, 1954 TWELVE PACES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Reds Renew Big 5 Demands Russia Again Asks Equal Status for China at Geneva PARIS (AP) — Russia demanded anew today that the Geneva conference be expanded into a "Big Five" meeting, giving Communist China equal status with the United States, Britain, France and the Soviets. The Soviet demand, made before and emphatically rejected by the Western Big Three, came again in notes delivered in Washington, London and Paris. French Foreign Office sources immediately indicated they felt the new Russian note would not post- All Visits Banned At Meeting Site UN Puts Strict Limitations On Geneva Palace GENEVA, Switzerland (AP) — The United Nations banned all visits to the Palace of Nations today for the duration of the Geneva conference. Movements of personnel within the building were put under strict limitations. Effective Monday, when the East-West conference is scheduled to open, police and Swiss soldiers will patrol the spacious grounds o£ the old League of Nations building, now headquarters here of the United Nations. U. N. guards, reinforced by special security agents, will guard the interior. A section of the palace has been sealed off completely. Only conference delegates and members of the conference secretariat will be admitted. Regular U. N. employes will not even be permitted to park their .automobiles in their usual space. Airport Security Difficult Introducing security measures never before known here, Geneva police and U. N. officials have decided that everyone entering the grounds may be. asked for identification papers at the entrance and again inside the building. One of the most difficult problems facing the police is that of security at the Geneva airport when the foreign ministers of the major powers arrive. The police suggested barring access to the field and throwing a phalanx of police and soldiers around arriving planes. But Soviet and Chinese representatives told Police Chief Charles Knecht they would welcome large throngs upon the arrival of their foreign ministers, V. M. Molotov .and Chou En-lai. No final decision has been taken, but the police still are considering limiting the number of correspondents and photographers allowed up close to the ministers. pone the opening of the GeneVa talks, now scheduled for Monday. The French said the Russian communication does not necessarily require an answer since it merely restates a previous Soviet position. The Western Powers contend that Russian Foreign Minister Molotov agreed at Berlin that Communist China was only "invited" to the Geneva meeting, and was not one of the major convening powers. The communique issued at the end of the Berlin meeting specified that Red China's attendance at Geneva would not constitute diplomatic recognition of Pei- ping. Confidential Preview The latest Russian move became known as the foreign ministers of the North Atlantic Alliance met'in Paris for a confidential preview of the Western Big Three's strategy plans for Geneva. After brief warning remarks from Lord Ismay, their British secretary general, the 14-nation NATO Council of Ministers closed their doors on outsiders to hear from U. S. Secretary of State Dulles, British Foreign Secretary Eden and France's Foreign Minister Georges Bidault. With military plans for the year decided last December, the NATO foreign ministers' attention focused today entirely on world political problems — particularly the Korea and Indochina questions to be discussed with Russia and Communist China at the Geneva meeting beginning Monday. Welcomed by Bidault Before they went into secret session, the ministers were welcomed by Bidault and heard from Lord Ismay that Western -Europe still faces a military threat and the "Soviets will continue to do their utmost to divide us." Ismay said NATO has made great strides since its creation five years ago but added: "The threat remains and it would be a mockery of all the exertions and sacrifices that have been made if we were now to be complacent or to relax, or, worse still, to fall apart." Th rest of today's session was ! set aside for a statement by each foreign minister of his views on the pressing p ro b 1 e m s facing the alliance. Some of the smaller-power ministers already have been brought up to date on the Big Three discussions under way since Dulles arrived here Wednesday from Washington. The NATO gathering did not halt the work of the Big Three ministers on their strategy planning for Geneva. They met for two hours yesterday but still had many points to agree on finally, informed sources said. The trio — Dulles, Eden, and Bidault—scheduled another meeting Saturday afternoon before leaving for the Swiss city. Air Tour of Kentucky FORT KNOX, Ky. (AP) — President Eisenhower flew into this Army base at 10:10 a.m. (CST) today for a seven- hour, three-stop visit in Kentucky. ! * Flying weather was perfect as his special plane Columbine left Partnership' Charged In FHA Probe Responsibility For Victims Said Ignored WASHINGTON (AP) — The government's top criminal prosecutor, Warren Olney III, charged today that the scandal-ridden FHA has considered itself "in partnerhip with lenders and promoters" of home repairs with "no responsibility for the victims of swindlers."* Olney told the Senate Banking Committee that the home repair program, financed with FHA-in- sured loans, has "rapidly become the means by which swindlers, cheats and crooked salesmen have been able to cheat and defraud" unsuspecting home owners. He said the FHA has been concerned only with keeping its financial records up to date and suffering no monetary losses. Great Search Olney added that the FBI and the Justice Department are now engaged in & great search for fraud and other criminal conspiracies by "suicide shoe ,'Doys . . . replete with Cadillacs and fancy dress" who "bilked a great many thousands" of honest home owners since the repair loan program got started as an anti-depression weapon in 1935. Olney, Guy T. O. Hollyday. ousted last week as head of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), and Norman P. Mason, his successor, headed a list of witnesses in the Senate Banking Committee's probe of multimillion- dollar housing scandals. As head of the Justice Department's Criminal Division, Olney has been investigating the home- loan racket for several months. McCarthy Calls Sec. Stevens' i Action 'Indecent and Illegal' the Military Air Transport Service i _ field at National Airport. The Pres- i ident was accompanied by his ap- j pointments secretary, Thomas E. Stephens, and James C. Hagerty. jsress secretary. The President, in gray coat and hat, hardly stopped for photographs as he went up the ramp to his plane. Military Review His first stop was at Ft. Knox for a military review. He then planned to speak at Hodgenville. birthplace of Abraham Lincoln, and ' at Transylvania College in Lexington. The flight to Ft. Knox was estimated to take 2 hours 15 minutes. He returned to Washington by plane late last night from New York, where he called on the nation's newspaper and other news media to join in a crusade against "the poisonous propaganda of the Soviets." In a speech at a dinner meeting of the Advertising Bureau of the Ameriian Newspaper Assn., the President Publishers expressed Albert M. Cole, head of See HOCSING on Page 3 the Inside Today's Courier News ...Loud speaker Crackdown Has Our "Moral Support" . . . Editorials . . . page 4 ... . . . Pirates' "Who Kids'* to Try to Break Brooklyn Stranglehold . . . My Greatest Shot; Between i'ou'n Me . . , Two New Sports Features Beginning- Today . . . Sports . . . pages 6 and 7. . . . Farm News . . . pages 8 and 9 . . . . . . Time Is Vital Element in Saving Indochina from Being Overrun by Communism . . . Last in a Series: Battle for Indochina . . . page 12. . . confidence such a crusade would help win world peace and avert "an age of atomic hysteria and horror." Back to Golf After spending today in Kentucky the President is slated to fly back to Augusta, Ga., tonight for another weekend of golf. He and Mrs. Eisenhower, who remained in Augusta, will return to Washington Sunday. On the Kentucky trip Eisenhower is being accompanied this congressional election year by Sen. John Sherman Cooper (R-Ky). Cooper's Democratic opponent in his bid for re-election is former Vice President Alben.W. Barkley. At the Army's armored center at Ft. Knox, storage place of the nation's gold, Eisenhower was scheduled to review the tank command. Then he planned to motor to the Abraham Lincoln National Historical Park at Hodgenville. Gl CHOW LINE IN INDOCHINA—American Air Force meix working to supply French forces fighting Red-led Vietminh troops in Indochina, line up for chow at base at Haiphong in northern Indochina. French and Vietnam forces are locked in n battle with the Vietminh for control of the inland fortress of Dien Bien Phu find its vital airfields. This picture, part of a series, was made two weeks ago and has just been received In t.he United States. (AP Wirephoto) French Paratroopers Pouring Into Indochina Via US Airlift SAIGON, Indochina (AP) — American-airlifted .paratroopers from France began pouring into Indochina today as the desperate defenders of Dien Bien Phu battled new Vietminh attacks on their hard-hit northwest defenses. The first of a fleet of huge U. S. Air Force C124 Globeinasters touched down briefly in Saigon to- His tribute there to Lincoln en-.day with 220 beret-wearing French compassed a visit to the birthplac cabin of the first Republican Presi dent, a brief speech, and placing a wreath at the Lincoln monument The schedule then called foi Eisenhower's return to Ft. Knox and flight to Lexington to take part in the 175th convocation of Transylvania College, and a speech at that ceremony too., Dr. Milton Webb State Optometric Group Re-Elects Webb President Dr. Milton Webb, Blytheville optometrist, was re-elected president of the Arkansas Optometric Association yesterday at the organization's convention in Little Rock. Dr. Joe Hughes of Osceola was elected to the association's executive board. Mrs. Milton Webb was named secretary-treasurer of the associations auxiliary. Other officers elected yesterday include Dr. Roy Steelman of Fort Smith, vice president. Dr. Oarrell Broadway of Marked Tree, aecre- tary-trewurer; Mrs. Hoyt Purvis of Jonesboro, president of the ADA auxiliary; and Mrs. Charles Moyer of Jonesboro, first vic« president Court Debate Begins On McCarran Act WASHINGTON (AP)—The controversial McCarran Internal Security Act, aimed at the Communist party and its fronts within the United States, comes up for court debate whether it conflicts with the supreme law of today over the land. The U. S. Court of Appeals set aside four hours—almost a full court da5'—for the clashing arguments of Communist party and government lawyers on the constitutionality, of the law. While the appeals court will have the first say on the issues raised by the party's attorneys, final word will come from the Supreme Court. Both sides have said that if they lose in the lower court the case will be carried to the nation's highest court. Thus it may be well over four years between passage of the act and. the final' court ruling. Congress passed the law in late 1950 over former President Truman's veto. Its leading sponsor was Sen. McCarran (D-Nev). Attorneys for the Communist party, headed by former Rep. Vito Marcantonio (ALP-NY), have asked the Court of Appeals to set aside an order by the Subversive Activities Control Board (SACB) directing the party to register with the Justice Department, list is officers and members and give a financial accouning. The board, set up under the Internal Security Act, ruled after hearings lasting from April 23, 1951, to July 1, 1952, that the Communist party was dominated and controlled by Moscow, Call It Unconditional But party lawyers, in a brief filed in advance of today's arguments, said that "the purijpse and effect of the' act is to outlaw organizations whose views do not conform to the authoritarian stand- oi politic*! ortbodoiy." Contending the act is "unconstitutional on its face," they said it violates a wide range of constitutional guarantees, including See McCARRAN on Page 3 Two Youths Sentenced on Car Theft Count OSCEOLA — Two Blytheville youths were sentenced to the State Industrial School this morning by Juvenile Court authorities after their return yesterday from Malvern on a stolen car charge. They were charged with having broken into Leroy Owens Motor Co. last Tuesday night and taking an automobile and a flashlight, sheriff's office revealed. The boys, one 13 and one were arrested by city police in Malvern. who notified Sheriff William Berryman. Juvenile Court had previously placed the youths on probation. Car Stolen Here Found Abandoned An automobile stolen from Still Motor Co. last night was found this morning by State Policeman Gene Mabrey on a gravel road a quarter of a mile from the Highway 61 on the Arkansas-M^souri state line. Other than a flat tire, to food oooditton Chance Reduced For Another Korea - Nixon Fear of Retaliation Said Influencing Men in the Kremlin LOS ANGELES (M— Vice President Richard M. Nixon said last night, "the chance for another aggressive action like the » - ar in Korea has been reduced virtually to a minimum because or the fear of retaliation which the men in the Kremlin and Peking have." The vice president was applauded at another point as he told approximately 4.000 persons attending a $100-a-plate Republican dinner: "The major aim of this administration's foreign policy is to keep from sending American boys, if we can, to fight in Indochina or any place else in the world." He said the "long-range answer to defeating Communism without war" is "the mounting of a great ideological offensive which makes it clear to the world that the United States is militarily strong— not because we want war but because, where Communiss are concerned, a policy of strength is the only one which will lead to peace Don't Obscure Fact Nixon said of "some rather sensational hearings that are going on in Washington today"—the Army- McCarthy inquiry: "Don't let the charges and countercharges that will be flung back and forth during the next few days over the TV and radio obscure the fact . . . that this administration has done and is doing a devastatingly effective job of destroying the Communist conspiracy in th« United States. "The Brownell-Hoover program is smashing the Communist movement in the United States to bits . . . The government security risk program is moving" relentlessly to get rid of those of doubtful security in the government. New laws have been requested of the Congress which will deal effectively with the conspiracy as it has infiltrated into industry . . . "This administration has coop- crated 100 per cent with J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI. I can say tonight from knowledge of the facts that if the previous administration had done that, that we might have dcstroved the Communist riiKs be: 'ore — •j'ot slartc'". Kvrn the the car atomic espionage ring might have the 15, Mid. town anticipated," jump-troops who were rushed out of Paris' Orly Field Tuesday. The total number being ferried out by the American Air Force in the hurry-up move to save Dien Bien Phu was a military secret. Advices from Paris aid the Americans possibly would airlift 1,000 troops in 10 planes. En route they were forced to detour from the direct Europe-to- Asia commercial route to refuel at the British base at Colombo. Ceylon. India's Prime Minister Nehru announced that his government would permit no foreign troops to cross Indian territory, by air or by any other route. Reds Going All Out on Far Eastern affairs. There today the rebel troops smashed again into the northwest defenses of the shrinking French Union fortress find a French com- munique said fierce hand-to-hand 1'ightiiig WHS in progress. The brief French communique did not indicate whether the con- tinuing see-saw battle for the northwest defenses was the start of Uie anticipated third mass try a overrunning the b a 11 e r e d French defenses on the encircled plain. Tlie Vietminh were driven out of sonic forward points in the north- See INDOCHINA on Paige 3 Industry Fund Drive Wind-Up Is Urged A strong appeal to push for successful closing of Blytheville's $150,000 industrial campaign was made today by Cham- Dispatches .from Colombo said I ber of Commerce President W. J. Pollard, who said, "We must three of the giant, iroop-packed Globemasters landed there yesterday and two more came in today. Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, was their next stop before Saigon. The airlift leader stopped only briefly in Siagon. It later roared off towards an undisclosed airfield outside the combat area to deposit its burden of fighting men. Planes manned by pilots from the French air force or American civilians will drop them into Dien Bien Phu. The reinforcements were sorely needed at Dien Bien Phu. the be- leagured French fortress in northwest Indochina where the Communist-led Vietminh are going all out for a major victory to influence the impending Geneva conference f HA Girls to Seek Odd Jobs Here in 'Hobo Day' Fund-Raising Project Members of the Blytheville High School chapter of the Future Homemakers of America will turn job seekers tomorrow. The girls will be looking for odd jobs. Tomorrow will be the second annual "Hobo Day" to be held by the FHA chapter. Some 35 members will go from door to door in search of work. The pay they receive from these odd jobs—such as washing dishes and other household tasks—will go into the P'HA chapter's treasury. They initiated their "Hobo Day" last fall and plan to make it an annual event. Miss Virginia Bowen. home economics teacher, is chapter advisor. be ready to let contracts by April 26.' "We must not. we dare, not we* shall not fail in this campaign" which represent "an investment in the future of Blytheville which will pay rich dividends," Mr. Pollard stated. As of today at noon, the fund stood at the $110,000 mark and finance committee members had their clean-up and call-back campaigns in full swing. The Chamber's Industrial Committee wants to issue bid invitn- tions Monday with contract-letting set for one week from that day. The building, to house Central j States Metal Co.. will be on the j Chamber's industrial site on Elm! Street. Text of Appeal Here is the text of Mr. Pollard's appeal which was addressed to "Mr. and Mrs. Blytheville": "We are conlident that you arc proud to be a citizen of our fair city and that you arc .aware that you are benel'itting Irom the labors men and Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Saturday with widely scattered thundershowers; 410 important tempera- ,ure changes. MISSOURI—Cloudy through Saturday with showers and scattered thunderstorms extreme northwest late tonight and over west and north Saturday; cooler southeast Saturday. Maximum yesterday—8.V Minimum this mornins~(>3. Sunset today—6:38. Sunrise tomorrow—5:18. Mean temperature (midway between ilfh and low—74. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dnu>-1(5.30. This Datr l.asl Year Mnxtmvm • . '" Minimum i.iis morning—60 Precipitation January 1 to date— 1AJI. expended by unselfish women who in the wrought well in the laying ol the foundations of our community. "Under very difficult circumstances they built our first churches and schools and established the business life-of our city. The community has prospered in every way. "We are fortunate in having a wonderful agricultural economy, but all of us are aware now that we must have more industry immediately if we are to continue to grow. "A new industry is ready to begin operation in Blytheville the moment we provide the building. "Many of your fellow-citizens have invested or pledged their money in the drive for $150,000. "They believe that they are meting an investment in the future of Blytheville which will pay rich dividends in the coming years. The zero hour in the campaign is upon us, and it is absolutely essential that each and every citizen of Blytheville make an investment today. "The size of that investment will be determined by you upon the basis of your interest in the present and future welfare of your city. "This is YOUR OPPORTUNITY. "Call the Chamber of Commerce TODAY, or better still, bring your check by NOW. Let's be ready to advertise for bids Monday, April 26th. WE MUST NOT, WE DARE NOT. XVE SHALL NOT fail in this campaign. Yours for Victory, Bill Annual Piano Auditions Here To Be April 29-30 The annual National Piano Guild Auditions will be held in Blythe- villc April 29 and 30 at the Hotel Noble Thirty-four piano students from BJyMievilJje and surrounding com- muntirs arc scheduled to play, Blytheville is one of more than 400 cities throughout the United States where these auditions are being held this spring. These auditions are open to all students of members of the National Guild of Piano Teachers. The auditions are non-competive rind the aim is to encourage stu- denis to reach the standards set by colleges and conservatories. They also afford constructive criticism! for especially talented student, Mrs. , Dal ton C. Fowlston, Blytheville ypsterdayi j autlition chairman, said. Mrs. P. VVood.s Beckman of Knoxville, Tenn., will be the adjudicator for the Blytheville auditions. Pollard, President, Commerce. Chamber of Conversation Monitoring Is Blasted WASHINGTON (AP) —Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) threw the Senate Investigations committee into an uproar today by denouncing as "indecent and illegal" this action of Secretary Stevens in monitoring a phone conversation with him. Testifying in the second day of hearings into his controversy with McCarthy, the Army secretary started to detail a telephone conversation he said he hud with the Wisconsin senator last Nov. 7. Chairman Mundt (R-SD) ruled, after a verbal battle, that an Army employe identified only as Lucas in the testimony must come before the committee and swear that he iruide a transcription of the phone call. Schine Was Trouble Before McCarthy exploded into action, Stevens had told the committee that McCarthy said to him. on the phone that "once of the few hintfs he had trouble" about with Roy M. Conn, McCarthy's chief counsel, was G. David Schine. Stevens had charged that McCarthy and Colin sought by "improper" pressure to get special treatment for Schine, a former committee consultant, later inducted into the Army. McCarthy has denied anything improper. Stevens quoted McCarthy as telling' him in the phone call: "Roy thinks Dave ought to be a general and operate from a penthouse on the top of the Waldorf Astoria." Stevens said that McCarthy "thought that a few week-ends off for David Schine might be arranged, perhaps for taking care of Schine's girl friends." Stevens was called back to the witness chair before the Senate investigations subcommittee to confront, cross - examination on the statement in which he repeated y e s I. e r d a y the charges which touched off the expanding controversy with McCarthy. 'No Backing Down There was no noticeable backing down at yesterday's opening, in a jam packed Senate caucus room and with millions looking on by television, of the long-heralded investigation. "Absolutely false," Stevens said of McCarthy's contention that the secretary had sought to divert to the other armed services a hun for Communists. McCarthy has termed '"completely false" Army charges that he and his aides sought by "improper means" to win favors for Pvt. G. David Schine. The senator indicated yesterday he still holds this position. "The Schine case." Stevens testified under oath, "is only an example of the wrongful seeking of privilege, of the perversion of power." "The. fireworks are still to come," Sen. Dworshak (R-Idaho) said in an interview. He replaced McCarthy as a subcommittee member for this inquiry. Upon his return to the witness chair, probably for an all - day round of quizzing, Stevens first faced questioning by the subcommittee's special counsel. Ray H. Jenkins, followed by the seven members of the group. McCarthy's turn followed. Word from the Wisconsin senator's camp was that he had laid See TRANSC/RIPT on Page 3 McCarthy-Army Falling Short Of Kefauver's TV Triumphs By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Public interest in televised sessions of the McCarthy-Army hearings apparently lagged far behind the enthusiasm that crippled business and left household chores undone during the 1951 Kefauver crime hearings. From city after city, where daily routines were stalled by the crime hearings, came reports that business was normal during the Washington hearings yesterday. However, television industry officials still figured the audience was vast. It was potentially much greater than the one three years ago because of substantial expansion of TV broadcasting and number of -sets since then. Most reports agreed with one from Providence. R. I., saying yesterday's hearings had nowhere near the popular appeal of the Kefauver sessions. Store owners there reported busi- didn't even have the hearings turned on. Where sets were turned to the Washington sessions, there was nothing like the mobs that dotty to watch fee ofime committee. The strongest reaction was reported in Cleveland,'where Euclid avenue merchants noticed a slackening of business for several hours during the afternoon. In Dallas. Tex., a supermarket manager said he was aware of no drop iu the number of shoppers. Tavern owners said their customers didn't even ask to have TV sets turned on. In Detroit a department store had a set turned to the hearings but a spot check showed only 14 persons were watching, compared to 100 persons who gathered for a recently televised baseball game. In Chicago crowds gathered in bars and around display windows of TV stores, but downtown traffic was normal and an average shopping day was reported.^ The Boston Globe telephoned TV owners at random and found only 5 of 25 were watching the hearings. Patrons in one Reno, Nev., horst parlor asked the owner to turn off the hearings. The noise, they said, interfered with ooacwotratton on form

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