Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 14, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Saturday, July 14, 1973
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m 3 - -v -: i^* J -i 1 ( \ \ A i m 4 4 WHY? EDITORIAL Comment and Review Grain Sale Mishandled h 1 welcomed + 4 T It would appear to be a classic case of bringing troubles on ourselves. Watergate, the ailing dollar, Liz & Dick & Hza notwithstanding, the painfully primary concern for most of us these, days Is prices — of the galloping variety, with those for food leading the field. Now the General Accounting Office, the watchdog agency that keeps tabs on federal income and outgo, Mis us that a primary factor in the crisis at the checkout counter is the effect of last year's huge wheat sale to the Soviet Union. You remember. That was the unexpect- m ed but ecstatically — at first profiting from Soviet harvest misfortunes that was supposed to mean prosperity for U.S. farmers and support for a shaky dollar in the world trade. Only as some small critical voices have been suggesting for . some time and the p G.A.O. now documents in some detail, it didn't quite work out that way. Instead, the massive deal — 440 million bushels, one-quarter of the entire U.S. crop created a grain shortage in the United r States, driving wheat prices up from $1.68 per bushel in July 1972 to $3 early this year, Directly and indirectly, it has meant higher consumer prices for, in the G.A.O.'s listing, "bread and flour-based products beef. pork, poultry, eggs and dairy products. . And so in the end, it is the U.S. consumer who pays for the big Soviet deal twice in fact, Now directly out of his food budget, and initially indirectly through the public funds involved in the generous credits $750 million — extended to Moscow by Washington and the $300 million in export subsidies to make up the difference between £ . a normally higher domestic wheat price and 2 an export price which, the G.A.O. now says, was unnecessarily low to the great advantage of the Soviets. The GAO. report, submitted to Congress, places primary responsibility on the L Department of Agriculture for, first, being inadequately informed as to the size of the Soviet purchases and not foreseeing the . likely effects on the U.S. economy, and then for mismanaging subsidies and permitting speculation by grain ^ealers. • Agriculture, of course, demurs. And there may indeed be extenuating circumstances and contributing factors beyond its control. -I ™ But the consumer confronted with ever- higher prices, aware of too-late half measures such as the ban on soybean exports * i and appalled by such desperation measures as the destruction of chicks by growers caught in the feed-cost squeeze, does not need pages of expert economic analysis to know that someone goofed somewhere, The United States is a food-surplus nation, capable of producing still more than it now does, Without seeking exorbitant profit from the need of others, it should still b r be possible to share this basic wealth with a world in many parts on the thin edge of hunger, even famine, to the benefit of its own economy « certainly not, in any circumstances, the detriment The administration is looking to a big grain crop this year, up from 6 per cent in corn to 24 per cent in soybeans according to Agriculture's forecast just out, to ease the price strain eventually. Trust in providence is fine. But it also helps to help one's self, such as thoroughly checking out future big deals to be certain they are all they appear to be. For if we take it from the G»A,Q (| appearances can indeed be deceiving. tftM Captive Nations Week, which begins Sunday is a relic of the rapidly receding Cold War. Established by Congress 14 years ago, the annual observance is designed to show America's support for the freedom of such countries as Poland, Lithuania, Tibet, and North Korea. The governments of the countries involved vigorously deny that they are "captive." And the Soviet Union, America's possible future partner in detente, is affronted by the inclusion of such Soviet republics as Turkestan, the Ukraine, and Cossackia on the captive list. These nations of Europe and Asia were specified in a resolution adopted in 1959. It - also requested the President to issue a KM T yearly Captive Nations Week proclamation. The proclamations began as detailed listings of cowries that had lost their independence. But in the past few years they have Those Captive NatiQits become more general statements affirming this country's support of the right of national self-determination, When President Eisenhower issued the first Captive Nations proclamation on the eve of Vice President Nixon's visit to Moscow in 1959, Soviet Premier Nikita S. Krushchev flew into a rage and the Soviet press thundered its protests. Nowadays the Communists — and most Americans — pay scant attention to Captive Nations Week f The father and leading promoter of the captive nations idea is Dr. Lev E. Dobriansky of Georgetown University. He argues (Ukrainian Quarterly, summer 1S73) that no matter what U.S.-Soviet agreements are made, this country must not relax its defenses. America must continue to police the world because, "All current, substantial evi- 4 dence points to the eventual outcome of new captive nations." WASHINGTON (NBA) ~ In considerable measure our energy Shortage is a result of indecision over pollution. Not ecology, Not pollution. But indecision. An inability to decide what nuclear power production, pipelines, open pit mines, coal burning, offshore drilling do to the landscape, to the air and to human beings and wildlife. And how serious these various diaUtrbamces ire, how much we are going to-allow as a nation, and what to do albout it. Craciial projects which would mean more heat or air conditioning for our homes, more gasoline for our cars, more electricity for our lights are delayed by bureaucratic red tape, by long drawn-out cotirt actions, by repeated studies by ithis commission or that. In some cases these delays add up to 10 years. Now this reporter is not go* ing to quarrel with the progress, for this is the price of democracy. If all parties concerned, are going to get their opinions heard and considered, this takes time. Only dictators can make instant decisions. But we must realize the orice we are paying and why that price is being paid. Perhaps we can find • way to speed the deffittfitie process without datier to OUf lights and our environment. nation KM the technical ability ind the resources to product and to transport the paw*r necessary, even with the surge in demand this past year. If a decision could have been reached say three years ago on what form of an Alaskan pipeline wookt be acceptable environmentally, it is quite possible we would today be producing several million additional barrels of oil domestically. The problem is not whether, to aMow or not afllow a pipeline per se. It's how much harm to the ecology we want to allow. Once these standards are ton, engineers have me, they can design a pipeline, elevated K necessary, fa> meet almost any specifications. onshore oil drilling bids were held up for almost a year some time back, and then development allowed to proceed with iu9 great change in environmental requirements. If it were not for this delay, some of this dedtetofis from ofle §d^fhBi*nt body afe common. But firms often must deal with a host of Ideal twatet iftd a series of court fighU. Contact! in the oil companies say the f afe, hesitant albout building new tUttheries-41 part because they want to wait *nd make certain just what the environmental requirements will be and what construction changes and expenses those requirements will necessitate. Strict environmental requirements have made it impraeti- cal to use coal with heavy sulphur content in most electric In in- decided told oil most certainly would be coming into production this year. Nuclear power plant starts have been delayed unreasonably, Japanese firms using American technology and equip* ment hove been able to put in nuclear stations within flour years of conception. In the United States these days, the process sometimes takes almost a full decade. Delays of two years in getting power plants, in many stances, therefore, electric utilities have turned to oil, adding to the gasoline and fuel oil shortages. Confusion over what environmental requirements will be laid on large open pit mines, and concern over the delays certain to be caused by lawsuits and dickering with bu- reawrats, is slowing preparatory work on some major new open pit mines in western areas of the United States where sulphur-free coal is present in thick beds. Columnist Answers Letters From Readers Q—"May I commend you for your column on Watergate? The Fourth Estate Went totally berserk in its obsession about this matter. I know you have observed as I have that the news mediai—which hate Nixon and love Teddy—have adopted the practice of playing up every rumor, gossip, innuendo, half- truth and falsehood which will tend to 'get' President Nixon, and ignoring anything at all which is favorable to President Nixon. "If you are not too sick of the whole subject, why not a column exposing this tactic?"— B. L. B„ Montgomery, Ala. A—You just said it: I'm sick of hearing about it. Besides, politics is a little out of my bailiwick, and the less I pretend to know about it the better. Q—"How can you possibly defend wiretapping? It violates one of our most sacred Ameri- * i i can rights—4fcat of privacy.' Mr?. W. G., Keokuk, Iowa, A—I didn't defend it. In my Watergate column, I called it *' reprehensible.'' However, I must admit that I consider a lot of "rights" more sacred than privacy. THE RIGHT to go joy riding with a U. S. senator without being abandoned underwater, for example. Or my right as a possible murder victim to have my murderer properly executed. Or even my right to drive my own car unfettered by straps, bands and sundry ligatures without having it light up, buzz and refuse to run until I knuckle under to what has to be one of the most abominable and tyrannical restrictions ever imposed upon free men anywhere. AH of these "rights" and many more, are being violated every day. In comparison, wiretapping is little more than an WORLD © 1973 NEA, IK. "Where's tb9 shedding mtehine?" Qalesburgf Register-Mail Office HO South Prairie street Galesburg, Illinois, tjHOl TELEPHONE NUMBER ttegtater-Mail exchange 343,71*1 By Carrier in City of £a|i«burf 50o a Week ri - J Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Gtflfa»urg, Illinois, under Act of Congress pf March 3, 1879. Pajjy except Sundays and JtolWays other than, Washington's Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Pay, — : . r* Ethel Custer JWehard, publisher; Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnxon. assistant to the editor; James O'Connor, assistant managing editor, By RFD mail in our retail trading ?pne: n 1 Year I.6.0Q 3 Months $5 25 6 Months $ 9.00 1 Month $2.00 No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery service, By Carrier in retail trading MM outsjde City of GalfsbMrg 50c a WwH National Advertising Representatives: Ward Qriffith Co., Inc., New York, Chicago. Peiiwit. Los Angeles. San Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte M£MB£ft AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missuuvi and by motor route in retail tracing zone: 1 Year $22.00 3 Months $«00 6 Months $12.00 1 Month $2.50 • — 1 '• " - m W By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: 1 Year $26.00 3 Months $7.50 6 Months $14.50 1 Month WW annoyance, like a gnat in a duck-blind. As I said in my column, anybody can bug my phones any time he wants to, Since I'm not discussing anything immoral, illegal or fattening, I couldn't care less. Bug away. Q—"I am enclosing a copy of your recent column which commented on an article sent to you by R. P. W. of Pensacola, I feel reasonably sure it was ere I wrote on humanizing education. "You use strong language in your answer to R: P. W., such as 'crummy teacher' and 'rotten rating you deserve.' You krow nothing about my performance as a classroom teacher, yet you apparently feel no qualms about making such a judgment. Do you have sui> integrity to withdraw such a judgment until,you have .talked with me and observed me In <he classroom?"—Mrs. P. R., Pensacola, Fla. A—It's not a question of in? tegrity; it's a question of time. In the course of a peer group" at the expense of organized, systematic and disciplined teaching of subject matter as the main goal, of the ins'fcruotional process, I don't have to visit her class. I know what's going on. I've been down that road before— for 34 long, long years. "I don't have any handicapped or retarded children in my family, but I've been reading a lot about them lately, and would like to be of help. What do you advise?"—Mrs. O. S., Galesburg, 111. A—Write to Closer Look, Box j 492, Washington, D. C. 20013. Actually, Closer Look is the Education Information [e year, I comment on literally hundreds of news stories documenting various educational philosophies and practices, To visit each person mentioned and observe him in action would require the personnel and the organization of a Ralph Nader. BESIDES, it isn't necessary actually to observe' a program in action in order to discus? its philosophy and implications intelligently, any more than it was necessary for Gibbon to be an eyewitness to the decline and fall of the Roman Empire before he could write the definitive description of that extraordinarily complicated phenonv enon. When I read an article written by a teacher which gtorifies "reveiance," "creative lty ,r and "acceptance by the Center, maintained by the Bu* rpau of Education for the H#n- d capped of the IT. S. Office qf Education. A RECENT LETTER from Closer Look's Earl Minderman informs me that there are 7 million handicapped youngsters in the United States, one-third of whom are not getting the special help which might &im- inaite or reduce their handicaps. I can't think of a better cause in which to enlist, Qood luck! (Dr, Rafferty welcomes ques*- tions for use in this column once each wc^k, but regrets h$ cannot answer all matt; person-r ally. Please send your 1 questions tp him in care of this paper). Copyright 1973 Los Angeles Times Now You Know • •. By United Press International Londpn's policemen were named "ebbies" after Sir Robert Peel, British hom« secretary who founded the city's first disciplined police force in 1829. Crossword Puzzle ACROSS 1 Middle £a§t nation 6 Latakia Is its 11 Refunded 13 More gracious 14 Cowboys, lor instance 15 Shoe part 16 Friend (Ff.) 17 Marine^ direction 18 Seine 19 Chinese dynasty 21 Craze 22 Indian weights 23 Closer 25 Vehiclff 86 BncounAertd ST Capuchin monkty II Honey m#ker 28 Building extension, SO Crucifi* 81 SeclucM 35 Newer corolla, 36 Goddess of 37 L^sse 39 New Cuinta seaport 40 Pub brw 41 Saint* (»b.) 43 Makes suitable 44 Subdue 47 Sofa of a sort 48 Natural fats 49 lack of hair 50 Analyse * sentence DOWN 1 Small herring 2 Petty officer (naval) 4 Island (Fr<) $ Air (cQtnb. |orm) 6 Walking stick 7 P^ssewivt pronoun I Preiser 9 Lamprey fishermen 10 Chafes 12 College degree (ab.) 13 Discover 17 Auriete 39 Sportive A**vir tt Pitkin fmk • ••••• Miacn isiwi^ &m&& I carira I r^f-ias prank 21 Fegtivd 22 Merger 24 Organ part 25 Phlegmatic 27 Views 30 Peruser 31 Oleic acid salt 33 Caviar 89 P«d etnepy 34 Penetrate! 95 E*pla »ion 36 QtiWrwiM 39 Pithy 49 phiilBpiiw sweeUop 43 Pinu (ab.) 44 Pronoun 45Vifier 41 Ptjpt (ab.) (NtWSMMK fNTflMISf AKH)

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