The Middlebury Galaxy from Middlebury, Vermont on August 31, 1847 · Page 2
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The Middlebury Galaxy from Middlebury, Vermont · Page 2

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Tuesday, August 31, 1847
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in" after the cars had started, that they were beyor.d the place at which they pr posed to stop, they rushed out of the cars and jumped off. Of course they were both prostrated to the ground with great vir Jence. and received sundry bruises, though we believe no boues were broken. A short time ago, a lady undertook a s':milar leap icitk a bandboz in her hand. She was thrown against a fence at the side of the road, and her bandbos landed iti the fieldjjcyond. Traveller TEMPERANCE. Glled tooverflowing, Sabbath eveninc, o hear Mr. Goiigh. He said he felt the difficulty of epeaking before a Boston midience. The pcoplo her knevv that intemperance was a great enl. and it wouldbean iusult to sucli an audieiice to attempt to prove it. Yetif ihey really fclt tiow great, there woald beseen a very difler mt interest in iis supprcssion. What i the cbolera, orhatare the horrors of famine. compared witli iho eviU and Ihe wietchcd-ni rcsuliiogfroin inleinpcrance! La?t Saturday night busincss called him into the strrcts after tcu o'cluck, and hc was ustoaished at the nuniberslof intoxicated pcr-sods nesar thescores ofyouns men ponr-ingoutofthe saloons aud grog shops. Hc iiittied ihcm: from his soul he piltied such youug men Ho did not say cvcry one cf them wasor would ber.ome a urnnKaru. lui he would ask liow many, who were 25 years aj;o in the habit of frcqueutin!; such places, could uoiv be fountl, that are mcu of property icspectablc citizens1 Mr. Gough related. in his originrd style of impassiuiied eloquenre, scveral thrilling an-tcdotes, illustrating the dangers ofmoceralc tlrinking, and its direet dowuward tendcncy. He said the appesite for intoxicating drink nas i dise.nf. fiom which rould bo found no eicape. Men who had contracted lt wonld drink. in view ofall thedisgrace. porerty aiid ufrering. which they knew would comeupon hem. With inemory of tnothet's praycrs ever before him, and a slarving wifo and children hauuting his every footslep with no star of hope to shed ite beiuns upon his dark pathuay, knowing that he labors for a crown of evrrlasliug cnulpnipt.still bcdriuks, siill he m rsjes his pnwari course. Wben oune men assctublc for a littl plcafure, they knew that they did not iutcnd to bocnme ots. But uhat is the pleasure for which they have iucuiied such fearful Inzard ! O, il is pleasure, They inust have it, they will hare il. Ys, they have got it a bubbk. ihat burst m tbo liacd Ihe applcs of Sodnm, lair and inviting lo look at, but a mere ihell. filled wifh bl?ck and hitler ishcs. Hut he would say lo ihe young inan, thal thtre are plcasttrcs that ill not rnock his el-pectations. If he will pnur orer iho works of the mighty dcad, till his owu soul glows with their loliy sentiincnti ifhe will Siand on the monntain top, and driuk in ihe beauti-tiful and the grand that lie spread around him. and remcmber thal tle who made Imn made ihcse enchaming sccnes for his en-tertaimnent loolAt ihe Snti, inallhisbright-ness aud glory. and reinembcrthai it shall pf nway, while his own spirit shall endure for-cver Icl him feel ihat lliis woild is bu( ihe nursery ufthe cliildhood of his immortal hc ing, and considrr of how much more value is the chilJ ihau iis nursery that as one of the cluldrcn of the Most High, he may he living for his Fathcr's hnnnr and glory. aud sliarintr in it this is sonifihins real, snmeihiug sub-slanlinl, sniiieihiiig ilml will aflurd I'iin cndu-ring happincsj wiilmui :i!lny. The Pilrim Falhrr. whu foundcd the in-stiliitionsofom bnnsled Coinmonwealth. have nll iiiscil aivay, long siuce ; aud the revolti-liunarr faihers are ncarly all gone; thcnuble Jiihu (l.inetick, who urotc his nainc so large, thal the F.nglish rcad it acrnssthc ocaaii. he, tuii, is go:ir. Thc rwponsihility ofaustain-in;: our posilion anion the nation. and ihe rflputntiiMi ncquircil by these illustrious fu-t Imts. rt-sls imw upnii our youug nicn and ia ivniild sny lo the:r. llrcro is a firld of rIum aml ol" ii'cfifltie? that njilit salisfv ihe mosl en l.trtii pairionin uud the inofl lofty aiuhi ri.m. TIic Tcinpcranro caineiniitc cvrry vouhl' maii ln culifct iu ihe causc of his country'? weal lo encaje iir all his energies in be-h ilf of suflVrtiiK humanily. Lct us, said the ijie.ikrr, s'fd otiour annor. Let iis do uhal wo c;m to wrc.it llic gencrnns and ihc uoble frmn llie srasp of the detlroyer. Let cvery yo'iu" mnii residvi; ihal he t ill gaiher thr green and bemiiifnl tiorets of youth. all a-rinnd crnh'-d into iho e.irlli, nnd save them to .ulorii his comnry'si iliadcm. Vct, hema itiu I tlifin a a l.uirel .lbout Iiis nmi brow, nml il will imjI be faded wheti agea luvc pass-ed aw.iy. e confJ imt but ihiiik ihat Mr. (Jon-liV rr ceut visita lo our Cnllfgi's, whnro he ha Iitii iuvited by ih students lo uddrcss tlicm. h id .iivakcued frcli imrrel iu yo' n ir inrii. n-id new ae:il to nave them fromtlliirgrc.il sa.-iny. W. Atlus, roMwrNcnsir.T t AMnr.RST. The Av dress liefore tlio Literary Sucielirs nt tlie latr (J iinincnrcincnt nns delivereil hy Chnrle Hiinimer, Ksq. of BoMuti. Suhjcci 'F.imc and Glory;' whicb he discantcd upnufurtwo bnars. Ilcv. Jonitthan Lcavitt of l'rovidcnce nddrcssed the Alumui on 'Cliristinn Scbolar-liip.' Uev. William Adains, D. D. ofNew York was the orator before the Society of Inquiry, 011 a lulijcct thal no two accounts dcscrihe alikc, bu: which may prnbably have bren Freedom of Religious Iuquiry, cspeci-allv in its relatinns to Progress. i'he graduating class numhcred onlynhout 23. Thc degrce of L. L. D. was confcrred on Dr. Dann of Lowell; and tli.it of D. D. on llev. Samucl M. Worcostcriiiid Rev. Ne-leniiah Adam. The prosprcts of the Cnllege, wiih the re-.ent laran addilinns to its fuuds.are flaticrinc. ! Freshman class of30 has entefeil Rev. nenry u. brnith of Ameihury succeods ihe bie Prnlcssor Fiske, and Prufessor C. B.Ad-ams nfMiddlchury is alected to tbo Profess-rshpol Astronomy. Late from tke Monitoss. A friend has sbown iis letiers of a late ilate from the pio-neer camp of Mnrmou emigratns. They had l length reachrd the eii-ai Salt Lake, near which they had made a balt. and theii wearied ralile ivere enjoying the sweet grass aud fresh water wiib which that region i favored. They had made a ucw road from the Oinata country to nenrly the hase of ihe niountarns, which will uo duubt be vjluable lo other fimigrants from the United Statcs. Jt keeps north of the Orrgon trace, issaid to be more direct ihan this, and is carried. by substaulial bridgcs, over mosl of ihe priucipnl streams that it meets. Hy the piuneers it must have been traversed wiih difEcully,siu..-c they have cvidenily been subjerted to greM h.irdships. Afurleavin;; Giand Island, how. ever, they had an abundant supply of buffalo hccf, which greatly reneivrd the strcncth nl tbostj whugeheallb was siimTiiig from forced abslincnce. A siugle herd, nith which they I'clt iu, nas csti.Tuied to nunibor oTer 10,000, r. accorJing to the ctlcut.itiou ofone lettcr-tv.-itfi. Biint have eoiitained from 8.000,000 to 10,000.000 pounds of ineal ; -a large sup J.fy,' lie s.its, 0 be senl hy quails in the.des--rt " Should Hhilnei's railruad. or any ;uv-ernmnl wnrks. be nnderl.ikep MiinE the linc fioui the Mu.cuit tc tbc Pjlic ihev will .!..:. t,n.t rnnirnr.tnrs and workroen a mong the Mormons-hardy children of pet- secution who appearto despise persecunou wno appear 10 ucspnc "'w-'-j ger. Pennsylvanian. FOREIGN NEWS. RUSSIA AND ClttCASSlA, The conflict iu ihe Caucasus is still goiug nn ivil h uudimiiiished inreierscv. A corres pundent wriics Irom 3t. Pelersburgh on the 13th : 'Since thn brilliant feat of arms of Col. Slepzow, near China Jurt, a new attempthas been made in the Ddghaulen to retake ihe vill-i.p nf thi Ger?ebel. occunied by tbe mountainenrs. Ou June iGth. ihe Comman der-in chief gave orders for ihe allack, but thc besieget made o obsiinale a resistence that thc Russiaus were obliged to retire, aud after three ineflectual assauits were ouugru i turn unsucccsslul lo their camp, with 28 offi-cers and 82 men woundcd, and having 115 mcn killed.' The Augslurgh Gatttte gives an account of scveral sanguiuary aflairs which have ta-ln ;,. ilm f.'nucasus. belwcen the Rus siaus and thc Circuesians. on the authority of ihe following lellcrfrom Constantinople; On ,hc lfiih nf Mav. ihe Circassians, notwith- slanding tbe approach of the Russian aimy, carried bv storm the Riissiau fortress of Kirikalch, situaied in theKauban, which they razcd to the ground. Oa the 20th of May they atiackcd the fortress ofZercbre. Tbe aarrison defcnded ilself valiantly, and during ihe assault a young Russian officer set fire to a powder magazine, iho explosiou of which dcslroyed 400 men. for tbo most part Circas-siaus; but sucb was Ihe ardoroftheassailauls ihat, notwitbstinding this catastropbe. the ntace fell into iheir hands, afier a desperate slruglcoflwelvehouisduration. Afierward on Ihe Clli ol June, tnero was a lerrioic u.uue lielueen tbe Rusfian divijiou, commandcd by GenerI Kcpiski. and the mnuntainccrs, uudsrthe orders of Mohammed Juba. Neariy flvc ihoasaud men remaiuod on ihe field ol battle, ncither pany being able to claiin iho victory. Thc Ciicassians are in wantof gunpowde.-. It in said ihat they pay forit as high as auo 'iuruisn piasires penu. 1'ORTUGAL. Lisbos. Accounls from Portucal slate that trauquilityprevailedthroughout the country, and to all appearanccthe pacificalion had btcn completed. Faro, the last ol thc iusur--cnt towi's. had volunleered its'allegiance to ihe Queen, and Vinbacs was in occupatiou of it. The bpauish troops were aoout to oe withdrawn from Portugal. save only twobrig-ades. General Concha and a large party of Spanisb ofliners had paid a visil tn the Queen at Lisbon. and were received wiih great dis-linction. An English sqnadron, accompa-uied by a Ficnch frigate and brig and by a tspanish Irigato, sailed on ihe 17th nlt. forMa- deria und the Azores ; iho objcct of this ex- ucditiou bcinjr to clemand and reccive the submission of ihose islands. IND1A AND CHINA. On the 20th ofJuly the Calcutta mail arrived at London. The nows is not im- portaut. innia remaincd tranquil. The stale ol atlairs m Uhina was still unsatisfactory. Up to the 23d May, when the last accounts left Canton, all business remaincd suspcndcd, and fresh disturban-ces were anticipated. The mob had mc-naced the Govcrnor, Keying, for his re-cent concession to foreigners, and threat- oucd to burn his palace tf ho attempted to givc effect to the terms of the treaty ; es-pecially as regardcd a concession to the English of adcquatc lanrt lor aweuings, warehouses, &c. on the Honan side ol the river, a sito for the crcction of a church, iu the vicinity of the present factories, and space for the formation of a cemetry at Whampoa. Mr. Pope, wlio had been ap- pointeil to e.xamiiip. the grounds for ihese purposcs, had heen obliged to abanrfouthe attempt. Umler tnesc circumstances, a iresh expcdition against Canton was e.- pected. The Plulo was stationed oppo-site thc Critish factory, and the Scout was ordcred lo approach as near as posiiblc to the city. A letter pnlilished in thc London Times, from Hong Kong, of the 24th Maj-, statcs that the latest u.tclligencc that hau been received in thc Island Irom Canton reprc-senied that city to be perfcctly quict, as iudccd il had been ever since the depar-tureofthe Eiiiilish forces, with thc ex- ception of a slight disturbancc which had occurred on thcoccasion of a meeting held at the Consoo Ilouse, near the factories, by the persons intcrested in the Iand tobe occupicd at Honan by lorcign merchants, under thc late agreerucnt. iheuistur bancc was, however, proinptly reprcssed. The Chincso authoritieshad eviuccd great reat alaerity in punishing parties who had nusconducteu llicmsclves ADDITIONAL NEWS FROM SAN- TA FE. From the St. Ijouh RejmUican, Awj. 1 J Mr. Coulter, w ho arrived in the Ber- trand, from the Missouri, furnishes Iater and somcivhat different details in regard to the death of Lieut. Brown and his men. That cfficer, with McCIenahati and Qui-senberry, and a Mexican guidc, left camp on theiisth or June, in pursuit of horses belonging to Capt. Horine's company, which had been stolcn the night previous, when the camp was attacked. They were expected to return thc ncxt day, but did not, and Tears were entertatned that they micht hare been killed. On the fiftli of July, thcse suspicions were realized, asin- lonnation was thcn received from a Mex ican wotnan, that they had been murdered and their bodies burnt. Major Edinonsoo.on recciving this news took measures to avenge their death. He marched with some sixty men, and a how- tzer, agambt the town where the cnormi- ties were coinmitted, and on his arnral there, about the hour of day-break, dis- cavered that the inhabitants were flying to the mountains. He commandcd them to stop, but as they did not do so, he fired upon them, killing six, wounding scveral others, an I takina fortv or fiftv prisoners. F rom some o the prisoners. it was ascer- tained that the bodies of two ofthe Anier-icans were burnt, but that the bodv of Lt. Brown, who had the emblem of the cross on his neck and was supposed. from this ciicumstance, to be a Catholic, was lnd tn the mountains, where it was after-wards found. All the houses of persons concerned in the tnurder were burned lo the ground, bylaawell as betwecn Lowell and Worces-order ofthe Major. Some articlesofprop-, ,cr erty lost iu the e.nagement at thc Red , .Pub'ie atlention is now direcled to afccr tiiver cauon were louml at this place.show- GIC ll'UIIU dl Uiai;e,3llOW of the mhabitaiiU at least ing tnai some were participators in that affair. Two or ihrpp. hoiispji wfera left to shelter the wo- mpn anH r.hildi-en. Under the orders of Maj. E. a mill about half a mile from the inurn Vias1! beloncine to the Aleade was hurned down it being ascertatned that he was at thc head of this outrage Captains Slack, Hancock, Jackson, and Lieutenants Oxley, Layton, Smilh and Williams, rolunteered as part of this e.x-pedition, and were conspicuous actors in it. Particdlaes or Cjipt De Russy's Ex- PEniTioN. The first detatehment ftad marched up towards their place of des.tin-ation, unmolested, until they came in a narrow pass sevcral miles from Huejutla, when they were eurrounded by twelveor fourteen hundred Mexicans, who com-menced a heavy fire on them from all di- rections. Uaptatn uaync goi ms piccc of artillery to bear on them; after giving them six or eight rounds of grape, which cut lanes through their lines, they gave way, and fled through a chapparal, on each side of thc road. This was on the morning of the 12th. They continued fighting their way back towards the rirer. at intervals. when they were released by thereinforcementof 150 men sentbyCol. Gates. They returncd to the city late on the night ofthe 16th inst., with alossof twenly killed, ten wounderj and two mis-sing, and fifteen or twenty horses, and sixty pack inules. I regret to state that Capt. Boyd was tlie hrst wno tcu, wun inree oaus through the body. AIso, his first Lieuten-ant fell, mortally wounded, and was left dy-ing on the field. Col. De Russy had sev-eral balls through his clothes. Capt. Wyse had three horses shot from under him. The Mexican loss. byreportof a Mexican, was 150 killed and wounded. lheirueneral fled. and left the charse to the second in command. The names ofthe officers who accompanied Col De Russy are not recol- lected. DISCOVERY OF SECRET COR-RESPONDENCE BETWEEN GEN SCOTT AND SANTA ANNA SANTA ANNA'S APOLOGY, Richmond, Au?, 23, 1847. A liierin thc New Orleans LaPalria, da- tcd nt Tampico, August G, etales thal lcllers received iheru say ihat Scolt began his march in the Cuniial on theoth, wiihoutdoubt. One of ihese letiers also saya that two days ngo thc.'advance Mexican guard intercepted a pri-vate correspondence betweenSanUi Anna & Gen. Scolt, in wnicn me latter naa written ihat he hc had commenced wilhdrawing the trocos Irom Perolc. This disclosure produc- cd a general excitetnent, and lo calm the pop-ulace it became neccssoryforSanlu Anna to make n pubhc mamlesto declarinf mat nis policy was only n ruse by which he hoped to surrouud Gen. Scolt. A lelter in ihe La Pntria dated at Tampico on the 9th, stntes ihat the vomilo has appeard in its wors! formnmong the Americans, and nlready great mortalityprevailedjlhataper-fon arrived there on ihe Sih from theJCity of Mexico, who slatcs that thj preparalions or Gcn. Scoti donotindicatean advance on ihe first )f August as reported; nor was it belicv-ed he would ndvance with thc forcc hehad. The leltcrad' s ihat ihe news concerningthe iulercepiion of Gen. Scott's correspodence is confirmed Intermenis atNew-Orlens from yellow fe-vcr twenty-four hours. endinc 15th, 21 ; deaths at ilic Ohnnly hlospital, Irom the same dtseasc, during forty-cight boura en ding same day, 27, Col. Hay'sregiment of Tcxnn Rangers has Lecn ordered to join General Tay- lor. Tiik Yellow FnvEn. In the report of inter-mcnts in New Orleans for thc twciity-njur liours precccding nine o'clock, AVcdnesday morning, August Ilth, tbe alarming fact appeiirs, that tliir-ty persons dietl in our city of jcllow fever within that spacc of time. The number of intenncnts re ported to. the Board of llcalth ii gcnerally short ofthe nnmber of deaths, as, in tbe hurrv andinul- titnde of funcrnls, tbe number and rcmotenes3 of our burying grounds, it is uifficult to collect ac- curate rcturru in twentv-iour liours. Iotafew corptes, too, are bomo to tlie large and commodi- ous cravc-vard in Lnfaycttc. The report of the Board of llcalth does not include tbc city of La-fayette, wbcrc we are informe-1 by good amliority, tbe cpedeniic rnges with more fcrocity tban inXcw Orleans. Tbcsc facts give painful jiroof that this almost only cure of ourclimatc is ou the increasc. It has come uxm us likc a pcstilcncc, when we lcast expected it, nnd our city is now suffering under its clfects. All ackhowledge that thc dUcasc lius rcaciicd Uic lorm ol an cpiuemic. and there are very few vho fail to know its cffects eithcr on thcmsclYcs or their acquaintance. Dtlta. Riiode IsLA.tn. Thc eleclion is to lake place m iho vacant Pisiricl tn Rhodc Island on Ihc 3lsl inst. Illisois Wm. A. Richart'son, Dcm, is elcclcd lo Congress in ihe Peoria district, in place ofStephen A. Douglasp, ofihe same pohtics, electcd lo tha United Slates Sen- nte, ii-inc xcuow ever is assuming- nn alarmingaspeclal New Orleans, The greal number ofunacclaimed persons, there partic- ui.iny me poor emigrants, and tne constant passane ol persons throush the rilv. inanH Irom the scat of war, It is "thought will tend greaily to aggravaie the character ol" the ditsea?c, RAILROADS, The foundation ofthe nassenrrer dpnot in this village has been commenced. It will bea brick building, some 200 feet bv 50. The rails of the Cbeshire Road are tniil tn Winchendon, (with the excenlion of ihe sunimit cutin Aehburnham) and the same work is Droirressin!r on iheseciionn thi iiln The Massachusciisand Vermont connccting sections with Fitchburgli are ncarly rcady, and within six weeks the cars may be expec- t.lnt c:. :lir -1 . . . 1 icua. i iiiwiiiiuiu, ii not at rroy. in all Decembcr, ii is now believed. thc rnm! tvill hp opcned to Keen, and bc completed to Bel lows e ans in tde aulum ol I84S. when the Kuuand to Uurlinglon nnd the SfuIIivan to Windsor, to connect with the Centrnl. nr expecled to be ready. K. Scnlinel. Vermont and Massachaselts.'Nniirf' given that the President has been aulhorized lo put ihe bridire across ihe Cnnnn-iK..,! NorthfielJ, under contracl, Negoiiaiions are said to be going on to connect ihe Connecticut River lice, at Greenfield, wiih Ihe Mas-sachusetts and Vermont at Grout'E corner, in Montague. '1 he btoneybrook Railroad. from tbe f?m. ton depoton the Fitchburgli road to Lowel is tobefinUhed uextsummer. Stoek n!l tn. ken. This will give a datly comraunication to Lowell through the Filchburir rnail. fnr Cheshire and Sulivan connliea in this Slale, l n ( ..v-o. luui, iu WUllCbl , i r " Rli?tt er ,inc bclSTeen Walpolc anj urecincld Ma. rVi "-.P"1 and nesl rouls lo connect Whig JVominations. ELECTION TUESDAY SEPT. 7. FOR G0VEEN0R, H0RACE IAT0N. FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR, LEONARD SARGEANT. FOR TRRtVSURER, G-EOEGE H0ES. Sbnatoks Adoisox ConsTY, WILLIAM NASH, IRA STEWART. CnlTTKNDEN Co. J. HA MILTON, ALEXANDER FERGUSON. THEi GALAXY. MIDDLEBURY, VT. Tuesday, Aug.31,1847, RUTLAND COTJNTY. The convention held at Clarendon Springs on. tlie 16th instant composed chiefly of ihose wbigs who were non contcnt with thenoraination of Mr. Ilodgcs aftcr addrcsscs from Mcssrs. Foot, Orms-bce, Conant, Briggs, nnd Doct.Bowcn, have nom inated the following ticket for county Senator. JOHN FOX, "Wallingford. WILLIAM P. NOYES, Poultney. PLINY IIOLMES, Hubbarton. Visdsou Co. ARTEH3MAS CUSHMAN. HARVEY BURTON. ROBERT B. CRAM. DEARBORNE H. HILTON. Whigs and Freemen. It cannot be neceimrr at tbc present momcnt to nrgeupon the Whigs of Vermont thc rarious motives which should influcncc them to a faithful diichargc of their dutics at the polls on tbc ap- proaching eleclion. Evcry intclligcnt frccman must alrcady nndcrstand that thc Ballot Boxcs constitutc the great conscrvative powcr of the nation. It is licre tbaf tlie pcoplo cxcrcise tbc ma-gcstic sovcreignty which bclongs to them in thc gorernmcnt of tbo country. Here cts thc grand tribunal which is to rcndcr a vcrdict upon tbc mcn whom thc ptoplc have entrusted with powcr, and dccide, upon tbe measures which they have adopted in conducting the aflairs with which they have bccn entrusted. Ifany doubts have been creatcd in tbcminds ofthe bcst and most cnligbt-encd patriotj in the cnduring capacity of thc peo-ple forself govcrnment they have sprung from thc apathy of a large portion of tbe bcst and mos1 conserrativo portion ofcommunity in appcaring at tbc polls, tlius rcsigning the rcins ofgovern-mcnt into the hands of the mcrccnary hoards who are sure to bc there to help securc the spoils of office to thc ambitiou! leadcrs who stimulate their very patriotic efforts. But are tbcro not rcasons of pcculiar wcight to urgc cvcry freeman to a icalous discharge ofhis dutics at thc Ballot Boxes at tbo prcscnt momcnt' Yes Fellow Citizens, were are many orimmcnsc importancc. And a- mong the rest a contest not new bnt now marked with pcculiar and alanning features. A conflict betwecn thc two grent antaeonist Bowers of Free- dom and Slavcry, and wagcd with an acrimony and fiercencss bithcrto unprcccdcnted intbcbb-tory of tho county. It is also a contest not for tkeabolmonofslaveryinthoso states where iti nnhappilyguarcntcedby tlie consu'tutionbutto ar- rest its cxtcnsion to territonr wl cousuiuuonaiiy prombit it It is opposition to thc unhallowed schtme of Tcxas"anncsation bv which the .South are attempting to chain thc whole nation tojhe'car'of slavery forevcr. Itis incxtinguisbable War against thc prcscnt adminis- tration forproslrab'ng thc barriers ofthe constim-tion in a loatbsome attempt to conquer a sister Itcpublic.m tho accomplishmcnt of its abominable projccts ofperpetuating slavcry.and rcndering its powcr forever invinciblc in the councils ofthe L'mon. And now ftllow citizens can you look calmlr on.and bebold vourmiUions of treasnrc, and the ' bcst blood of thc nation spcnt in a project so dis- astrous to liberty, so hazardous to the TJnion, 1 ana wmch if succcssful must debasc thc North to complete snbscrviency to Southera domination T But in rclation to this ciant struej;lc to extcnd ! and pcrpctuate thc slave powcr at present so over- i snauowmg m its bearings upon the welfare ofthe country, to which may be added the veto on thc narbor b,u swindle of Orcgon thc dctcrmin- ation of locofocoism to sustain Free Trade as evinced in the reduction ofthe tarin" of 1842, un- 1 der other circumstances would of itselfawaken all tbe elements of conflict to the most intcnse activ- ' ltr. But thanks to the intellisrcnce and patriotism of Amencan ircemcn we have abundant occasion to rejoice that the pcople have been fullvarouscd. and the popular will mostuncquivocally manifest-ed in the recent elcctions throughout the country. onouts ror Whig victorics are bcard at the North the South and the TVest Even wben the TVhigs had no cspccial rcason to hope, ever since this execrahle war has been manrlowns will fail to elect on lhe first ba-waging they have received creat accessions of 5 ,ot nnd Pfhaps esperience defeat in conse- strcngth. At tbe north -;m. th r.i-;... ) .w . amPle ofJ"cw Hampjbire.and Connecticut,) their uTumph has been sigaal. At tbc Sonth and Wct L .iiii i ' 'wiih-imim,iiiii .1 ii iil,i.ii i T"eii Rutland Co. GEORGE T. HODGES, JOHN FOX. HENRY STANLEY. , the laurels of victory aro still more numcrous and 1 brilliant In every state we have made unexpect ed gains cxccpt in Kentucky where a loss ofone has been sustained ana tuni irom locai circum 1 stances. It is now ascertaincd tlint from a major- .ity of over GO votcs in a body compoicd ofmore 1 than two Hundred mcmbcrs thc party oy wcoiu 1 this administration was brought into powcr will i find itselfin a minority of at lea'st tcn votcs. Thus does tlie steady advanco of whig pnncr imlicate unmistakeablv tncit uiiimau- 1 triumpb. Thcn whigs of Vermont have you cv- 1 r naun to bc reassurcd in your cndcavors to restore the fortuncs of the Republic. Go thcn to the Polls i with an nndivided front, and with all the Btrengtli 1 of tho mass composed of every whig who ean go in tbe state. Nothing but mexcusablo carclcss 1 ness can prevcnt a glorious triuinph by tbousands majoritv,and not by hundrcds at the BallotBoxcs i But thc frecmcn of Vermont should remcmber that 1 all thc hostilo clcmcnts of third partyism iu the Union arc being brought by tbc shrcwd schcam- 1 ers and dcmagogucs of that party to bear upon tbe elcction, and that by the division in the wbij i ranks thus occasioncd locofocoum recbng and faintin? away in other statcs in tho Union, is look' ing for at least a partial succcss if not a final vic tory. Awake thcn whigs. W e want an eficctivc . work to nrerent ilishonor if not defeat. lVo want i no noise nor paradc,but wo want that work which 1 brings evcry man to thc polls and sccures a wln; , victory. This the whigs of other statcs have a 1 right to cxpcct from tbe Star that never sots, 1 and this licsolvc this very morrent yon will do all in tho power of cnergy and nuinbcrs to a-cbicvc. All Hail Tennessee. Kven bis own nativc state repudiatcs Jamcs K Polk and his dcspicablc, and when we look to thc ncglcctcd intcrests of this great conntry, wc may say as patriots, his hcart rending schcmcs to build up himiclf by building up an ovcrshadowing slave power so dcar to the hcarts of that aristocracy of Cotton Balcs & Tobacco Hogheads which nims to controll the policy of thc govcrnment in all time to come. Tcnncsscc well knows thc small speci men of a statcsman who is attempting to Lord it ovcr tbc rountrv. Shc disowns him in n com plete rcpudiation of his course as to tlie war, an-nexation, harbor bill, Free trade, Subtreastiry &c &c. comprehcnding thc most loathjorae list of wrongs cvcr inflictcd upon tho country. Shc has elected a whig Govcrnor ovcrcomhig a majority of some 15 or 1G hundred majority last year. She has sccured a whig lcgislature, and conscquently a Whig Senator in Congress to bc elected at the next scssiou and a whig delegation in Congress having electcd six out of tlie 11 which compose its delegation. UNION OF COLLEGES. The subject of unitingthotwo Collcges in west-ern Vermont has of late been a topic of convcr-sation among the fricnds of collegiate education in this state and elscwhero. This is by no means a newidca; os far back as 1819 tbe respective Corporations appointed Committees to considcr and report upon the practicability of such union That attempt was not saccessful. Ve undcrstand that gcntlemenof high standing in otherStatcs and many fricnds of soundleaming in Vermont, have, during tbcpast year, exprcsscd an eamest wish that anothcr attempt should bc made to attain nn objcct which to them secms so dcsirable. To mect what appeared to bc a public dcmand, the Corporations of the two Collegcs at their recent annual mcctings appointed Committees again to consider this qnestion. Thosc committees we hear, have rcccntly held a prclim- lnary session, but havcas yet,;ome to no dcflnite result. Among the very difficult questions con-nectcd with such an eflbrt, that of localion it not tlie least. "We arc amhorized to say however, that nothing has yet transpired, which can jnstify any opinion as to probable rcsults. Look out ron Town Repbesehtatives. It is greaily lo be feared ihat in some towns, through lecal divisions and the exertions ol Ihe third party to defeat Whig candidates, we'may fail ofan eleclion. We trust the motto of every Whig will be, 'Union. har- mony, concession ; every thing for Ihe cause. nothing lor men.' At the coming eleclion all private diSerences antl indiridual prefer- ences should be thrown aside, for in UnioN TnEBE 18 "ESGTU-and unless united nnence. Look out tlien for vour Town 1 - Representottve, remcmber thal onerote may elccl him. nmmu urkT.T. niM THR TtAT.T. !! Are you awa're ofthe nearness ofyour po- sition to our annual State eleclion 7 and are you aware Ibat our eoemie's are, on this as on all former occasioril, making strbng efforts to defeat our candidates nd thereby elevate to power ihose of their own stamp, ht tbe he3d of whom standa tho honoralle Paul Dillfng- ham, Jr., ihe celebrated 'dodger,' who, du ling ihe sbort space which he mu-rcpresented the founh district :n ihe Cougress ofthe U niied Ststes, dislioguished himself sofully by roles east at different times upon the same question, at ona momcnt votingbr, at auoih- er against, and on a third dodging the re sponsibility, as he did on more than one oc casion, as has been sbown from tbo journalof proceedings? We repeat, are you aware that you are within three rrceks ofthe eleclion, & that such a man is at ihe head ofthe opposing ticket? We trust you are, and il is hoped that every whig will on the first Tuesday of Septembernext, be it ihc polls, and :t is fur- ther hoped that tbo town committees will see the necessity of taking steps to iujure a full vole, to Insure the presence of evcry whig ou that occasiou, should any be disposed tonecd urging to dn a duly which isiucumbeut upon him to perform nuuunlly. It needs but to be united, and a full vote sccured, to insure suc-cess. Sball we haveit? Last year, several whig towns were repre-sented by locofucos in consequence of a division in our rauks, aud several oihcr towns were unrepresented from nlikecause. We aresincciely in hopcs that we shall not be compelled. thisfyeai, to witness such results. We say, then. to our whig friends, one aud all, commence at this tiuio to look around you, and sec tbe position iu which you stand , & after witnessins your posilion, we have no tears ofthe result. Vermont Mtreury, From the Burlington Free Prtss-THEHON. PAUL D1LLINGHAM ON THE LIEU T. 6ENERAL. aUESTlON. Whalcver raav be iho dccisinn, my thanks und graliludc will not bc the Icsa lo the Houae of Reprefonlnlivea for its three times virtual eleclion of me to be the Com-mander in Chitlof the Army in Mexko.' Mr, Henlon to Mr. folK aiarcn o. 134 . Imnicdiatc after vour nomination as Ma jorGeneral had been unanimously confirmed hy the Senaic, carefulbj examincd the question vnemer l posscsseu. ihc jwiccrto ues-itrnate vou. a tunior Major General to the Chief Command of the Army.' Mr. Polkto Mr Benlon March0,847. 'She President hail hoped tohace il in his power to place him Bcnton allhe hcadof the Army.' Uashmglon umon March IU We place ihc abovedeclarations ol" .Mr. Benlon, Mr. Polk and his mouih-piece, the Umon, on record, so that Uiere need he no dispule as to ihe purpose for whirh ihe Pres idcnt so pertinMciously sought to he invested wiih ihe power to nppoint n Lieuienant Gen eral lo supersede l aylor and acorr in nu- command of ihe Army. Thal pnrposo was to infla'.c the Hon. Thomat H. Benlon al ihe expense of thc Mililnry Service of Ihe Country, end in contemnt of the claims and ihe mcrils of Generals Tatlor and Tcott. In ihis wo tliink wc run no risk of being con- Iradicted. Fhe purpose was disgraccful lo ihe Presi dent for two rcasons: First, for having en-tertaincd. as n mere pnnisnn mniircuvre, regardlessol .he injury iia ncomplishmcnl would itiflict upon distinguishcd nmi vetran oflicers who hnil spent llicir best da s in llieir Country s service; nndscronil bccauxe it was ignominiously and repeatedly dcfcnied by his own poliiicnl friends. The artion of llie honorable Paul Dillingham nn Ihe qucs-tion afcoriftrring ihis pnner on ihc Prcs'l- dcnl was cniincntly cliatacterirlic ofan un- scrjpnlous demagogtie iu thc abslract, cnd of himself, in ihe pnriicular instance. He vo- ted point nlnnk, both for il aml against it. and DODGED 1TU And that. too, wiih-oui cxhihiiing the cotnmbn nngnciiy ofthe dull bird tlinthidrs il head in Ihc sand, nnd thinks iis ugly body is therefore corcculed! The jugglery is as transparcnt ns it is cen-lempiiblc. Lp.i us see. On thcllli ufJanuary, 1847. nnd while the 'bill to raise for a time mi additionnl miliiary f'licc, nnd for other purpo;cn' tvas under con- sideralion, the Preridtnt seiu to thc Ilouse a Messnge remommending Mhal proviion he made by Inwlorihenppointmcntol n Lieu-lenant Gencrall to servc durii'tr ihe war,' nnd 'lo lake command of our Military Jorces in the field.' On thc oih of Junuary. Jacob Thompson, n Lncofh.-.o Represcntalive from Misbiisippi, after i:hlinguishcd himscll fcr hishii'er hosiil- ny to General lnylor, whom hepr&nouaced 'INCAMBLE OP COSDtlCTlNG A CAJIPAIC.N.') and who movcd Ihc nmendmem lo ibe res-ol-jtionoflhniiks, CBNsURinclhc gnllunt vet ran lur the tejms o capitulation nl Alon'.erey, ( rOR WHICH CENSDRE LF.T IT BE REME3IBER- ed that Paul Dillingham voted jmoved iha lollowing nmendmem to the miliury bill abovc alluded to : Sec. 2. Andbe it further enacted, that the President shall he aulhorized, by nnd with 'ihc advice of the 5enate, loappointa Lieut, uenerai, who shall lake command oi our arniies, and whose terms of service shall con- tinue during thc wnr wiih Mexico. On tlie 9tli of Jnnuary Ihe question was laken on ihe adoption ol ihis nmendmcnt, nnd Mr. Dillingham,s name, logcther with j the names of .Messrs. Collavier, Marsh and Foot is found recorded AGAINST IT. Tho painful anxiely of Mr. Polk lo be clothcd tvith authority lo 'feed fni' iho overweaning van-iiy ofThomaa H. Bculon, had notlhenenlis-tcd ihc symimihv of ihepruofen andcalcu- atn"-Mr. Dillinirham! He ihereloro asBis- tcd to knock tho uujust nnd prcprs'croua prc- jecl in ihe head. lltii Mr Polk did not test here. His own private and pcrsonnl inler-1 est. if not thc imerests of ihc nation, denian ded ihat the Lieuienant General scheme hould bc piishcd into nnother lorm. He probably had strong hopes Ihnt the scru-ples the conscieutious scruplcs' of such astulc political trimmers as thc Virmont represcntalive ol tne transgression; or. what ' is quilc as likely, lie roncluded thxl eo inno- cent and unsuspeclloir n viciim as Paul Dillingham would be apt to discover an es-sential difl'erence 'tnixt tweedle-dunj and tweedle-dee.' So, on ihe 17th of Febuary, Mr. Haralson, from ihe Military Commiile, reported a bill 'making provision for an additional number of ceneral orncEHs' f'Jiree Brigadiers and lieoMajor Generals Bentonand Cumming,) to thisbil! the following umendment was moved: 'And be it further enacted. Thal the Pres-'ideu. is hereby aulhorized and empowered, 'at his dueretion, to designate any General OflTccr, of the rankof Major General whelh er ofthe line orby brcvel, and vhelher of 'the regular army or of volunteers. witu-out regard to date or commiosion to the chief commahdo the military force ofthe U' Slates during Ihe cnutinuance ofthe ex-'isiing var with Mexico' ! ! It needs no commenl to show, nor a mili lary mnn lo appreeiat, ihat this eflbrt to cloihe the President tn ihepremiseswas moro obieciiorlhu -r principle. and more insulting nnd ihsnti? lo ihe galfant veieransof theanr.y than g ihe attempt lo create the office of Lieut r eral Mr.PauI Dillingham, ihKe l", readersmay.imag.ne, was fijund promnl, resistit. Ah, credulous and unexperientM reader. you know not the sollening eflict r Presidenlial longings nfkr power; and ihoriiy. upon Ihe lender ser.sibilltiea ..i flexible principles of Mr. Paul DillinnhaT. On the 26ih ol Febuary the qut.iIonTf amendmeni was taken, nnd it was adoitJ? In the negalive. in obdurale consisteBcvnr prt'nciple nnd condacL we find the names of Messts. Collamer, foot and Mabsb of Vermont, nnd where. thinkycu.is recordj the name or paul Dillivhaml In ,1 firmaiive? No! I the neSe & rrecisefy where you would Took Tor ,ha mcnis of nn exDlodpH . . . no lrn5-WHERE ! Tfe fnVnP"'6--DODGEDM Like Z f mV eC1I,ema' hewas so h.'VnfiS'ff'aJS: honorable body, howc' er Ci"curren. Thai disregard of the wishes Wr pT?0? out the anti-republican sect on n - Ik-stttck the bill to the House h??Ly?!Vam the 3d ofMnrch Iheqnea ion V, ' ?" .fecision :-mil tfSeS? IV Senate in rcjcctin" the serZZ ,f ' Ae the VresiientJto dZiZJTJZ" m J ,Jn" C. ' 1 no Yea were 8-NayslOo. Mcssrs. Coujmp. ?- . Marsh are found among the qffirmntires, fwe hnrdly esi.ect lo hR k.tL..,.. l. ' .Va journalis before ns !) tde namb or PirL ATI VErndlhS" Ll? NEQ. iraaiction of his former vote) IN FAVOR of irenuen: uie power to nppcim Benton Commnnder-in-Chief I ! We close ihc disgraceful nnd hitmililnlini K nnrtl!1 r11 lieC II w absolutet ly rmnrullofollowa Reprcsetitativo orVer- ,,7,nV C!'rse etPIitical nclion so ul erly sba.i.cicss m iis inconsisier.cv ar.d 5fu ca,.'on-. Wo w!U ot-y "l"l ?Yn f 8,Ich ""' to tho ,ighe.t ofnre In Ihe State was a procceding m tth.rh Ihose who brnught it ,,biuf, Miwuhed a, I ,-llc ihe repui.vton of ihccnndidnte ns iheyd.d Ihe digiiny and rcsptctnbility 0fthc ctectors Mn. Clav's Srr.Ecit; at Catk Mat Thc Tribuno gives thc oll..wiiui ubstmrtof Mr. Cfjy's rrply to ihc cnrnesl irivitaiioii r ihc New ork Commitiee lo Mi lu cily : Mr, Clay nrosc, amid criihusiastfc rliccrs and s..i( he was leii.pled. by t1L. eloqucni and aflt-ciing nppc.nl to whi. h lU hd ju.t hstcnei , losuy wiih ono of old Almost ihit, pcreuadest me tn hc as was desin-d nr me fRe-.icwcd aml prolongcd arcliimaiinns) liut hc begged ihose who ihought he fhouW do fo to consider l.ir a momcnt tho cirrunuian-ccs which had impellcd him to seck rc.-rea-lion healih in n viit to thc .horrs oftho at-lantie. On the23d nl Marrh lt hereturnc.I lo Kcnljicky frum n winler rcsidenca la New Orleans, and thc ncxt dnynns ovfr. whelmed witli lidic.gs 0I ihc most ,I,,.V ling aflJicli. n when wiih j MercilU pru. dcnce had ever visilcd hini. (At this referrnce to the falf of hisdarm-son BuwaVi.tii.notMrCI.iy aini.e bJt most "I Iiis numcrous audilors were movrd lo lcars-) It hnd oflen bren hislnl lodrinklhc bilter ivntcrsol afllicli.in imilircircumstancn li!c ihe i rescnt. Ofsix as lovclv nnd hpl,.v.,l d.mghlcrs as ever blessed a faihrrs hertt, not one has b':cii spnrcil lo solnre ihc rvc-ning ofhis lifb. All hnve hern sn.ilrhe.1 nway in childhood or in cirv tv.nm.,hnn.i yet Ihis last blow hnsttrickrn me more tc-vcroly :lmn nny oiher. I wus rendered by it mclancholy. rcKlli-ur, drpondent. IIoiv could I remain whrrp. pvrpfii.:.... boro ivimcHS m mv bercnvpmrni i ihc Irees which shn'dcd me hnd breii pnuicil by my de parled son ? whcrc ibe ofhis lil'e and hi lnve mcl mc nl i-verv tu ' I lurned rrnm mv homc nml ii iiiflncnrrs to scek nfier Ihal sobice ulnrt was iherc denicd mc. In ihis spirit j r:in;e io ir.c v irgmia aprlngs.niid ihenrc ln ilm plncc;bul I was ullerly unprcnarcd dr (lie rcccpiiun tthich nwniinl me, How coulil I have iinngincii llmt I. n humhlc privaleciti-zcn, wilhout ofiicc. or palronnge. oi power of nny kind wiih not cven a constnble's iIT at my bidding or bestownl shnuld he mrt wiih such overwhtlming Icstf nioninN nl ts-tecm nnd alfeclionas havccvervwhi-rr.-rrri. cdme? ' 6 But should I Irust mvsclf of pnlilical feeling whi'rh now soliciu mr. wnilhcr ull it bear mc? Where shalf I stop7 Alrcady, bt-rides lelirrs from vnrioiii citiesnnil towns whirh I find no time crn to nnswer, iherc are Commilies here on crrnnds like yours Irom tbe metronoli rl New Jcrscy. from Philadrlphin, ni.d oihrr plnccs. Should I consent lo visil WeTvVork hnw cnn 1 say No to Trcntnn, i0 New Hi ven, nnd mtiny olhcr places? Ilniv rould I bear ihc cmotinns and f.iliguc nf a jonrncy so exciiing, o illimiiablc I No, my ren'lu-tion is taken. I must nvold even Phi'nTfelphh, nnd aiicr enjnyin Tora few days lor.cer Ihe healiliful lnzury of baihimr in Ihis ii'oligliful spoi, I shall relurnsviilily nnd quicily lo my dii-lant home, 1 trutl wiih al'rame invigo'ratnl and rith the binernrss of gricf assauged cn- jny ihe scencs and incidcnls ofilihj journer, I his answrr is jrivcn, not lo New York only but lo tbe city of nll other partsofour conn-Iry who by Commitiee or by letterhave o-liciied my preeence, To them ns lo voa also, lit me give assurancrs of the dcep frr lirf which ihese testimoliialsof Iheir nfTfriion have cxcited, nnd of ihe fervent gri.'i-ude wiih whirh I shall treasure ihcm to t. ' .. momentof roy Iifc. ThpOnwnnnil PrJnri AIKopf irppn .Kiui' ' toviiitScoiland, In Spain. ihe dcrree la vorinjr thc importntion ol corn. has teco tt- j j voked in consequence ofthe (avoraU resulti nf theharxest. ln fcngland. &c, the slidinj , scafe will, wiih a fair harvest. shut out lh' ', grain from thc Uniled Stater. The Cao- bria brought ovcr S300,COO (ncarly SI.StKX-000) in speiV. Such progres had b made, that thc great Grent Briinin s'fsf" ship is likely to bo got ofl' and essential'j savcd. Two ships, besidesibe Macedonian. laden wiih fionr, grain, tcc, for "raluiioci distribution, f ihe Reliance and Jamcs, fm'3 iew i orKjnau arrived in Irelsnd, FASHtoxABLES, A irrand '-fancr ball" at Saraloga. the costumes represeniinp ia r!ous character, ancientand modern. Se-a eral cofttmns are devoted to iho descripiWi wun tne names. ihouch not aifuiuengii ofthe most conspicuous bel'es and beauis meir witiy and smnrt sayings Tickeis.d A grand fancy ball at Newport, which ta'l even occomc more laslnonabe Ihan Bara'i I Ri. Sometl500of the Lowell cirlsaresrl senften hours in the day.' recreating. Sos' I 400 have gone "down East" to see tDlfJ friends and brealhe ihe pure air, as indepfl denlly as Iheir "Lordly" employers. Y"ellow Fever w New Orleass. The'a lermenlsor. Ihe 11th, SO, and 16 deain", therharity Horpilal. Oa ihe 13ih, l tcrmcnte and 13 deaihs in the HospiW'-

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