Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 19, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Saturday, October 19, 1963
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4 GolesburgRegtster-Moi!, Galesburo, III, Sot,, Oct. 1.9, ,196.3.. Ships That Pass ... JERRY DOYLE, PHILADELPHIA DAILY NEWS Weekend Review IT'S ENOUGH TO make a philosopher of a fellow, studying over the proposition propounded this week by a California man. The idea of L. C. Jordan of San Diego is simple enough, as given in a letter which he sent for publication. Like many another resident of smog-drenched areas, Jordan is looking for a solution of this problem. Two-thirds of all smog, he recites, comes from the exhausts of automotive road vehicles—cars and trucks. So, he argues, let's revise our car and truck business by using electric-powered vehicles instead of the gas-engined ones. Apparently with an eye to the complicated nature of revising our automotive industry and the citizens' use of its products, Jordan suggests that the changeover be made a governmental project of top priority. He classes it as "more important than going to the moon." * * * SOME PONDEROUS OBSTRUCTIONS stand in the way of the improvement envisioned by our West Coast correspondent. On the elementary ground, there is the • condition that the electric-powered car may not have the performance capability which users of gasoline-powered cars and trucks have come to expect. Galesburg has seen some electric-powered cars in action, in recent years. One which was demonstrated by the Dlinois Power Co., in experimental use gave a quiet, smooth, odorless ride, and definitely would not add to smog. It had a simple motor that ran a light sedan perhaps 40 miles per hour, and would give absolute control going down hills, thus avoiding the types of accidents caused by burned- out mechanical brakes. Whether an electric car can develop the speed which many drivers seem to require, is still to be learned. Over -all, of course, the matter of speed and general capability of the vehicles bears importantly on how business and industry get their road-work done, hence is a consideration of prime importance to the nation and every citizen. It would seem that the first step in such a change-over as the letter writer proposed would of necessity be to show the public a line of electric-powered vehicles, ready to be put into production, such as buyers would desire and could use satisfactorily. Nothing like this has yet been done. * * * BESIDES BUYER DEMAND, the electric vehicle business would require the building of a manufacture and distribution complex. If the product should acquire a sure buyer-demand, the production and sales would develop in normal free enterprise action. If the smog proposition with which Mr. Jordan tees off his discussion should come to be recognized as a public emergency, and the attempt be made to ban gas vehicles from smog -prone areas, it would indeed involve government action. But in the context of normal industry and business, the production of electric cars and trucks would require a manufacturing and distribution complex justified and maintained by buyer demand. The development of an electric car production and sales complex, plus buyer demand, would put the changeover on its way. * » • AT THAT POINT there would be massive displacements in the gasoline-engine automotive industry. The auto magnates, regarding the electric car producers, would have had to decide whether to lick 'em or join 'eni. Mr. Jordan's off-hand reference to having the law-making bodies of the United States "outlaw all smog-producing equipment"—which he implies to mean the gas- emitting types of autos and trucks—is something much easier to say than to accomplish. • Law-makers are guided by such things as their conscience and reason, the wishes of their local constituencies, and pressure from interested groups. To support the upsetting of the massive automotive industry would be a step in which Congress would have to meet the objections of great corporations and great labor organizations, together with whatever other public following might say amen to them. It is more than likely that same corporations and unions would be exerting influence upon other areas of support, besides legislative, needed in creating the new electrical-vehicle industrial complex, to hinder its development. Altogether, it is not a very alluring • prospect. * * * NEW BATTERY IMPROVEMENTS and applications, however,. may produce some catalytic effect toward solving birth problems of the electric car. Wright brothers' crude flying machine was just an interesting phenomenon until burgeoning improvements brought it within the possibility of public use. The same process has occurred in the history of many other useful inventions. First they were mere curiosities, as the electric car is today. Two years ago when the Tennessee Valley Authority scientists at Knoxville, Tenn., were trying out an electric car, much like the one seen in Galesburg, several prominent facts appeared. It was obviously not ready for general use, being too low-powered, not fast enough, and the fuel didn't last long enough. Powered by 12 heavy-duty six-volt batteries, it could be plugged in at night to re-charge, but the charge would drive its Renault Dauphine body only at 40-MPH speed and for a distance of 35 miles till re-charging was needed. The electric utility people like the idea of the public using electric cars because it would spell increased consumption of power, hence more business for their companies. Such a car would cost over $4,000 until mass-production would lower its price, which TV A estimated could eventually get below $2,000, in terms of present economic conditions. As things stood, the car was not worth $4,000 to the average motorist, and would need much improvement to sell at any such figure—improvement which at that stage of technology was reported to be impossible. * * * AND SO THE MAIN DRAWBACK admitted by the TVA people when they told and showed the public about their electric car two years ago, seemed to be the battery life limitation. However, many developments in battery improvements are even now flashing upon the market, and you can check them in many Galesburg stores. Such things as greatly-extended life in dry-cell batteries . . . the quick and easy re-chargeable feature for dry cells.. .transistor uses spurred by space vehicle development. . .and still others reported in advance news in technical journals—suggest that a breakthrough in the advancement of the battery is imminent. Now Is Time to Pressure Russ For Release of Prisoners By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN IN JANUARY of 1959 Anastas M i k o y a n, Khrushchev's "traveling salesman," looked Senator Hubert Humphrey in the eye and said, in response to a question about 63,000 Hungarians who had been taken from Budapest to labor in Kazakhstan: "We have no political prisoners in the Soviet Union." This bland denial echoed previous statements made by Khrushchev himself that "corrective" labor camps for political offenders had been abolished after the demise of Stalin, and that only "criminals'' were being held in Soviet jails. So, when the Rev. Walter M. Ciszek landed the other day at Idlewild Airport in New York as one of a couple of Americans who had been exchanged for two communist spies, he The Almanac By United Press International Today is Saturday, Oct. 19, the 292nd day of 1963 with 73 to follow. The moon is approaching its first quarter, The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1781, the Revolutionary War drew toward a close as Lord Cornwallis, the lieutenant-general of the British army, surrendered to an allied force of American and French troops at Yorktown, Va. In 1814, the "Star Spangled Banner" was sung in Baltimore for the first time. In 1936, three newspaper reporters ended their round-the- world airplane race when H. R. Ekins flew into Lakehurst, N.J., after covering some 25,600 miles in over 18 days. In 1954, Great Britain and Egypt signed a new Suez pact providing for the withdrawal of British troops from the Suez Canal zone. A thought for the day — The German writer, Thomas a Kempis said: ' Be not angry that you cannot make others as you wish them to be, since you cannot make yourself as you wish to be." Quotes From Today's News By United Press International HOUSTON, Tex.—Russell L. Schweickert, 28-year-old Lexington, Mass., aviator, on being named one Of this country's 14 new astronauts: "Ever since I can remember, I've looked at the moon and wanted to go there." HOT SPRINGS, Va. - Treasury Secretary Douglas Dillon, telling top businessmen of the profound effect a tax-cut could have on the nation's economic future: "The decision on the tax bill will determine whether, in the years to come, our economy will be surging upward or limping along or dipping downward." VATICAN CITY - Valerian Cardinal Gracias, Roman Catholic archbishop of Bombay, on the proper role of the church laity: "We must show our laity how to integrate their whole lives into the mission of the church. They must engage in secular activities and through these activities ennoble and sanctify daily life." made liars of both Mikoyan and Khrushchev. By any computation Father Ciszek remained a political prisoner even during the latter years of his detention in the Soviet Union when he was working as a locksmith. Moreover, on his own testimony he had been kept on at the penal camp of Norilsk, inside the Arctic Circle, for a period after Stalin's death — and this at the very time that Khrushchev was first protesting that the Stalin camps were things of the past. The question of whether it is worth-while to take the word of any communist dictator or high party functionary would hardly be a subject for debate if it were not for the gullibility of certain Americans who are quick to explain examples of Soviet malevolence as "accidents," or "out-of-line" zeal by irresponsible lower echelon officials. Adenauer knew what he was talking about when he snorted that it was "nonsense" to think that the recent Soviet roadblock of the corridor to West Berlin was a lower echelon "mistake." THE TRUTH, if it were to be pursued, would certainly turn up example after example of continuing political incarceration and detention in every Iron Curtain land. Just to take one instance, there is the case of Istvan Som, a Hungarian schoolteacher who may be dying of a breakdown in one of Dictator Kadar's jails in Hungary despite the recent news from Budapest about a widespread "amnesty." Som was originally jailed in 1948 for trying to persuade some peasants to cut the telephone wires in order to stall off the arrival of Soviet troops during a disturbance which had resulted in the accidental death of a policeman in the village of Pocspe- tri. The accident was not of Som's making; he was merely worried, as a bystander, that his whole village would be slaughtered by the Russians. Released in 1956 by Premier Imre Nagy, Som was later rearrested and imprisoned by the Kadar regime. The Swiss papers have been full of re- Crossword Puzzzle Let's Eat Answer to Previous Punle ACROSS 3 Consecrates 1—fishcakes {JSSJi £00d 4 Whole kernel 6 $rt p ~ „,„,,,,„„ 6 Paused ? rrr. PU«U»»* 7 Negative word 8 PuniUve 12 Hail! 13 Martian (comb. 9 Mortgage «xf£ rm) 10 Constellation 14 "Emerald Isle" u soldier's «^" s l. °? mealtime 16 Enjoyable In l7DuUards ««f&? d * 19 Gulls 18 Three-pronged 23 Mask ««?P ear A J 24 Phlegmatic 20 Mr. Andrews 2 5 Dip and namesakes 26 Fatuous 21 Mongrel 22 Wicked 24 Hand blow 26 Personal (comb, form) 27 Priority (prefix) SO Dhow sail 32 Lorgnette (coll.) 34 City in Missouri 35 Bone tissue basis 36 Nickname 37 Gnarl 3ft Number (pi) 40 Row 41 French delicacy 42 Malt strainer 45 Egrets (varj 49 Declare solemnly 61 Wolframite 62 Assistant 53 Falsehoods 54 Aunt (Sp.) 55 Bark exterior 56 Direction 57 Crafty DOWN 1 Irish milk — 2 Across 27 Selects beforehand 28 Check 29 Sea birds 31 Arctic native 33 FaU flower 38 Muse of astronomy 40 Melodies 41 Excrete 42 Mast 43 Singing group 44 Scepters 46 Frozen desserts 47 Lobster — 48 Kill 90 Caucho 1 f r I r i B nr 11 12 13 14 IS If' If IB ar 21 ST 30 W u If" 4T 40 mm SI B2 mm 83 u 66' M W if CJalesburg fegf5ter -Mafl Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois quests in recent weeks for the transfer of Som to a sanitarium in Davos in time to save his life. HOW MANY American Istvan Soms are there in Iron Curtain camps, jails and de- tentian areas? There is no way of knowing, but the U. S. State Department obviously does not believe in ruffling Khrushchev's or Mao Tse-tung's feathers in an effort to find out. When mothers of Korean War prisoners who disappeared into Manchuria try to get answers to their questions, they are told that they had "better believe" that their sons are dead. This may be a gentle way of trying to let bereaved people down, but it is fiercely resented by such parents as Mrs. Rita Van Wees of New York City when the "writing off" of 4,000 unaccounted-for prisoners is accompanied by sales of wheat to Khrushchev. As a member of an organization called the Fighting Homefolks of Fighting Men, Mrs. Van Wees thinks that when Secretary of State Rusk talks about the desirability of a "free flow" of information between Russia and the 17. S., it should be understood that some details about "lost" U. S. captive troops be part of the "flow." Tito, who is now welcome to visit in Washington, has indicated that his most celebrated political prisoner, M i 1 0 v a n Djilas, author of such eye- ' opening books on communist society as "The New Class," will soon be released. The way is evidently opening to a "softening" of many of the iron regimes of Eastern Europe as well as of the Khrushchev regime in Russia. But this is not the time for the United States to soften up on its own demands for political payment in addition to economic payment when it trades wheat and consumer goods to Iron Curtain countries. The only reason the dictators are "softening" is that they are in dire trouble. Now is the time to get something that is humanly as well as economically valuable when we drive our bargains. Copyright 1963 TELEPHONE NUMBER ttafftiftr.Maa Exchange 34»-8l61_ SUBSCRIPTION HAfE Carrier in city of oil 35o i Week tiff By ftPD mail in our rvtail trading cone: March 3, 1879. "ban> except day. ^ Ethel Custer Schmith—..Publisher Charles Morrow. ....... ...Editor and General Manager M. H. Eddy Associate Editor 4 And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay.... Managing Editor NaUonal Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston, AUanta. San Fran- Charlotte 08 * eles P nlla<,el P n i», MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS 1 Year $10.06 fl Months •100 S Month! Uw 1 Merrill si n MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news Printed in this newspaper as well as all AF news dispatches. No mail«»ub«6rfP«««^ «e«i«f>ted in towns when them it tfttMlihed newspaper. Hey delivery. By Carrier in wtail tridjtiifen» outsid* City of Oajesburg, 1 week 30c By mail outside .retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading tone. 1 Year f 1S.0O a Months 13.71 6 Months $7.00 1 Month |UI By mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri, 1 Year •18.00 6 Months 8 9:50 3 Months $5.00 l Month |2.oo Theater Boom Goes to Suburbia By ERSKINE JOHNSON Hollywood Correspondent Newspaper Enterprise Assn. HOLLYWOOD — The stainless steel, glass and aluminum glistens like a glacier in the moonlight. The carpeting is luxurious as is the travertine marble wall paneling and neutral- toned draperies. The floor goes downhill and the ceiling goes uphill. The body-form chairs are pre­ cast plastic. They are washable and soil-proof. A new room in a star's mansion? An addition to the palace at Monaco? A classroom for astronauts? No, no, no. It is a new movie theater in the new trend. In Northridge, Calif., it is one of 300 new look movie theaters built during the past two and a half years. It is the result of rising movie attendance and a 14- year-high in box office receipts. No, this theater in the suburbs of Los Angeles is not a drive-in. "Hard top" is the film industry's word. Designed for the main event — the movie on the screen — it is the last word for audience comfort and good movie viewing. The screen is high-g rain, Now You Know By United Press International In 1962, the retail sales value in the automobile industry — including car sales, gasoline sales and accessory sales — totaled more than $61 billion, according to the Automobile Manufacturers Association. REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Sunday, Oct. 19, 1913 At the First Baptist Church, Rev. Frank E. R. Miller delivered his third sermon on "Everyday Ethics." About 50 Lombard College students were present for a picnic at Gumm's woods. Nu Sigma Nu fraternity hosted the event. NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN. TWENTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, Oct. 19, 1943 The mercury climbed to 62 degrees in Galesburg. The reading was the highest recorded during the past week. Jean A. Cullen, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Cullen, 330 E. Second St., was graduated from the Naval Training School for storekeepers at Indiana University in Bloomington, Ind. seamless, sound-transmitting. Sound comes from behind the screen and from recesses In the ceiling. Both screen and projection booth are adaptable to anv size or shape film. TW^ MOVTK THEATER BUILDING BOOM in suburbia is part of the motion picture renaissance after the movies Io«t hnlf of their audience to television and new communities far from the old downtown theaters. With the boom has come a n*»w trend—»he nne-stoo evening out. New theaters,, like the Northridge, are tiling all over the country near shon- ping centers where there are restaurants and acres and acres of free parking. Thrir costs range froni $350.000 for the 804-seat house in Northridge to $750,000 for the new Cinerama Theater with its concrete geodesic dome on Run- set Blvd., in the center of Hollywood. MOVIES OF QUALITY are a reason for the building snurt. The breaking of the television habit as a niaht-after-night eyestrain is another. More important, however, is population growth, which has given exhibitors a broader potential market. For almost every old downtown theater razed in recent years, new ones are sprouting up where population growth has been the greatest — in the Suburbs. When 90 million Americans went to the movies every week they supported 20,000 conventional movie theaters. By 1958 there were only 16,000, nearly one-third of them drive-ins. Television, the rush of the suburbs and collapse of the big studios via the 1951 consent decree, divorcing filmmaking from exhibition, changed the entire pattern for the film industry. But now, in new and shiny theaters in the suburbs, exhibitors believe young and old will rediscover the movies. Not with epics, they hope, but with a "steady flow of less costly but ENTERTAINING films." It's up to the moviemakers now. F xr p « 9 «- X Preicnl Your eyes will see the king in his beauty; they will behold a land that stretches far.—Isaiah 33:17. • • • If God hath made this world so fair Where sin and death abound, How beautiful beyond compare Will paradise be found. Ha rriman Quips Praise for Khrushchev By WASHINGTON STAFF Newspaper Enterprise Assn. WASHINGTON - Under Secretary of State Averell Harriman, commenting on his recent conversations with Russia's Chairman Nikita Khrushchev, said, "He acts now like a politician. He acts like Lyndon Johnson." This flippancy drew criticisms from the Vice President's a d - mirers. But Harriman got out of it neatly by saying: "Lyndon Johnson is the most effective political campaigner I know." EX-PRESIDENT Harry S. Truman was in the audience when Austrian Foreign Minister Bruno Kreisky made a speecli before a luncheon club in Kansas City, discussing the problems of a neutral country in the cold war. After it was over, H.S.T. came up to the microphone and said, for everyone to hear, "That's the best --- *---ed speech I've heard since 1945." SENATE MINORITY leader Everett Dirksen, R-IU., has a stock double-talk answer when asked about his views concerning the moon race. "There once was a question on a mail carrier exam: 'How far is the moon from the earth?' One fellow didn't know, so he thought for a while and finally answered 'Just far enough so it won't interfere with me and the duty of carrying mail.' He got the job." LOS ALAMOS Scientific Laboratory has been trying to find a more docile and friendly monkey for research work in the U.S. space program. The type they'd been using for space experiments, the Macaca mulatta, had been a problem. Handling him, said one scientist, was a "traumatic" experience for both. Laboratory men frequently ended up with nipped fingers. A new monkey, the Macaca speciosa, reportedly displaying a "remarkable docility," is gradually being worked into the experiments. A MAJOR FUROR in the Pentagon for the past year is over news management as practiced by Arthur Sylvester, assistant secretary of defense for public affairs. Sometimes this censorship and news management have been achieved by "classifying" embarrassing d o c u m e n ts— —marking them "secret" or "confidential." Now a Pentagon wag—high on Sylvester's own staff — has put two signs on the wall back of his desk: WHEN YOU MANAGE NEWS DO IT ACCORDING TO THE RULES and IF IT'S AWKWARD CLASSIFY IT STATE DEPARTMENT fan mail has its ups and downs, but this is a high period. Excerpts from typical letters: "We need a mental health program in the White House and State Department." "It's clear Soviet appeasers are having a field day." One of the persistent rumors: there are thousands of Chinese Communist troops in Mexico, poised to attack the United States. Where this one started nobody knows, but it has spread by word of mouth to many parts of the country. Every such letter gets a firm denial in reply. One woman correspondent, worried about the Viet Nam situation, closed her letter with the admission, "I realize that if I were living in a communist country, I would never have dared write to my government." Comments one official: "Wo don't lose them all." WHEN A POWER failure caused a temporary blackout in the State Department the other day, Sen. Karl Mundt, R-SD., observed: "It probably didn't cause much trouble. Some observers Jaim that our foreign policy seems to operate in the dark all of the time."

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