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Hog Volune Holds Large Week BUSHNELL—A grance at the market during the week shows that the hog volume continues large, it was pointed out by the Bushnell Stockyards farm service department. The department summary follows: The receipts of hogs so far this week are running above this | period a week ago. As the sup* Illinois Farm Real Estate Taxes Climb Illinois farm landowners paid a record-sized real estate tax bill in 1962, a University of Illinois professor of agricultural law pointed out this week. N. G. P. Krausz reports latest USDA figures showing that Illinois farmers paid $130 million in real estate taxes. This was 3.2 per cent more than a year before and double what they paid in 1950. Since 1959 there has been a $4 million increase each year. Real estate taxes absorbed about 13 per cent of Illinois' net farm income — about the same as in 3961. Largest increases occurred in Indiana and Florida. A statewide reassessment in Indiana apparently accounted for a 21 per cent increase. Florida real estate taxes rose 16 per cent. Top Others Illinois tax levies topped those of all other cornbelt states. While Illinois land carried an average tax levy of $4.30 per acre, remaining corn- belt states averaged only $2.50. The average tax per acre for all states was $1.36. Only four Northeastern states and California carried higher tax levies per acre than Illinois. California, Illinois and Iowa accounted for over one-fourth of the total farm land tax bill. California leads, with Illinois in second place. On the basis of land value, however, the tax load has not increased much. For several years it has ranged from $1.25 to $1.35 per $100 value. This would indicate that land values and property taxes are rising at nearly the same rate, Krausz points out. The biggest share of real estate taxes goes for public schools. Rising school enrollment creates unprecedented needs for new schools, more teachers and more operating revenue. As long as the tax structure remains basically the same in Illinois, the result will be more real property tax increases, Krausz concludes. New assessments and new proposed multipliers will have this effect even if tax rates stay the same. Fairview 4-H Club Reports New Officers FAIRVIEW — The Fairview Huskies 4-H Club has elected new officers. They are: President, Larry Huffman; vice president, Donald Vooihees; secretary-treasurer, Bill Ludwig; recreation chairman, Albert Hartstirn; reporter, Albert Hartstirn; junior leaders, Melinda Hartstirn and Donald Voorhees; leaders, Cecil Huffman and Junior Schleich; federation delegates, James Roberts, John Downing, Larry Huffman, and chair committee, Randy Hartstirn, Eddie Reneau, Kent Schleich and Curtis Sherman. READ THE WANT ADS! LIGHTNING RODS GEORGE E. OWENS 20 CUcto D*»v»— Gal*«feurg. IH. 343-0400 plies vary at the different mar kets prices continue to be uneven. This has caused some of the markets to call their prices lower on the same day that others are strong to higher. However, all markets seem to be showing a preference for the lighter weight arrivals. Weight spreads are still favorable but p e n a 11 i e s on the weights over 220 pounds can be expected in the next few weeks. An increased demand for the meaty 200- to 220-pound offerings is causing wider price spreads already as many markets are quoting them at prices well above the general market. Harvest Hits Top Gear Corn picking is going in high gear and it is usually the case when farmers get busy that they neglect to take time to ship hogs that are ready. Another bumper crop has already been predicted and is starting to develop in most areas in spite of the need for moisture. Scattered showers in our area last night helped to settle the dust and also gave many hog men the opportunity to sort and ship hogs. The hog run at the Bushnell Stockyards well over ran earlier estimates, however prices were well maintained all through the trading session. The extreme top reached $15.75 and it was paid for several small lots of sorted No. Is. The bulk of the U. S. No. Is and 2s weighing 190 to 220 pounds sold freely at $15.50 to $15.60. U. S. Nos. 1, 2 and 3 weighing from 220 to 260 pounds cleared at $15 to $15.50, heavier weights were scarce but some small lots of 280- and 290-pound butchers sold at $14.75. Packing sows continued in good demand at fully steady prices with weights from 270 to 425 pounds scaling from $13.50 to $14.50 with the weights up to 550 pounds selling down to $12.50. The bulk of the supply was made up of hogs weighing from 220 to 240 pounds so it is our guess that there are lots of hogs held back now that should be sold. DOWN THE ROAD THEY GO-R. L. Anderson (left) and his unidentified helper drive drove of Suffolk sheep down road southeast of Knoxville this week. Galesburg Register-Mail photographer Dale Humphrey happened on the scene and captured this shot. The sheep were being moved to another pasture by their owner for worming. Issues New Reminder For Safety The corn-picking season is here. Many farmers will work with the necessary caution and will have a successful season. Others will violate safe practices and suffer a shocking calamity—the loss of a limb or perhaps even death, Farm Adviser Don Teel of Knox County observed. Last season Illinois farmers suffered 106 corn-picking accidents. Corn harvest last year took a fearful toll of fingers, hands and arms, as well as five lives, Teel warned. Observing simple, safe methods of operation can prevent tragedy to the farmer and his family and protect the year's income. For a safe harvest, follow these safe operating practices: 1. Adjust the picker correctly for smooth and efficient operation. 2. Use protective shields. Keep them in place. 3. Shut off the machine before servicing, adjusting or unclogging it. 4. C a r r y an approved-type fire extinguisher, especially on tractor-mounted pickers. 5. Wear sung-fitting clothing. Don't dress fit to be killed. 6. Be alert. Don't become overtired. Quit when a day's work is ended. Take a "break" in the forenoon and afternoon. FIGHT SHIPPING FEVER ON YOUR NEW CATTLE TRY ABINGDON'S NEW AUREO-VITA - 700 A high Mebfses ftre«s wpplement with 700 grams Awreomycin end 50,000 unite Vitamin A. NONE MKE IT IN THE MIDWEST Abingdon Milling Co, PHONE 89 Use Alfalfa Later, Adviser Suggests If one needs forage this fall for hay or grazing, use it. But wait until the end of this month, cautions Farm Adviser Don Teel. Alfalfa needs time to build up root reserves so that it won't be killed this winter. The alfalfa plant draws on food stored in its roots until it is four to six inches tall, then it produces surplus food that goes back to the roots. Alfalfa cut or grazed now will go into winter with a low food supply. Such alfalfa often dies before spring. On the other hand, alfalfa growth nearly stops by late October and November. Mowing or grazing no longer stimulates new growth, or the little that occurs won't cut sharply into root reserves. Will Hold Snow And there are other benefits, said Teel. Leaving a moderate amount of growth on the alfalfa field will hold snow, which helps to insulate the plants from cold and shields the soil from freezing and thawing. It also cuts heaving, which can thin your stand. But too much rank growth standing in the field often makes a good shelter for field mice. Many had stands severely thinned by field mice under these conditions. Of course, if one plans to plow the field next year anyway, by all means harvest all the forage this fall. One word of caution: If one grazed or cut alfalfa in September or early this month, leave it alone now. It needs every day possible to get some food down into the roots before winter so that it can produce well next summer. onie Register -Mail GALESBURG, ILL., FRIDAY, OCT. U, 1963 PAGE 17 Swine Registry Organizes Test Setup on Avon Farm Those interested in the production and improvement of hogs were invited to visit the on-the-farm performance test lot on the J. R. Beatty farm near Avon. Beatty, in cooperation with Eugene McGrew, extensionist, and Bonnett Feed Grain Co., of Steak Date The Saxons and Jutes who lived in what is now Denmark brought their skills as cattlemen and some of their tame animals 4 when they conquered Great Britain. Bushnell, are testing a cross section of pigs sired by Beatty's Poland China herd sire the Heritage. This test is under the general supervision of the Poland China Record Association of Galesburg. Its purpose is to test the rate of gain, feeding efficiency and market desirability of his sons and daughters as meat- type breeding stock. Require PR Litters To be eligible for test, 50 per cent or more of the litters sired by the boar must have been qualified for Producer Registry, or the pigs, themselves must be out of PR litters. The test lot must contain pigs out of at least five different litters. They must be placed on feed at an average weight of 50 pounds or less, and are fed out until their average weight is between 200 and 215 pounds. They may not be more than 60 days of age at the start of the test. They must be weighed in by college extension personnel, or a vocational-agriculture teacher. They will be weighed out by one of these same disinterested parties. The pigs are being fed a complete ration of corn, plus a generally available protein supplement. No other feed or pasture is permitted. When these pigs are weighed out between 200 and 215 pounds, at least three-fourths of them will go to slaughter and their average backfat measurement, loin-eye measurement, and pork carcass length will be made available. Upon completion of this test, any remaining feed in the self- feeder will be weighed back and the rate and efficiency of gain figures will be made available. Former Kirkwood Resident Observes 97th Anniversary KIRKWOOD - Mrs. A. B. Swanson has received a letter from Mrs. Florence Campbell of West Union, Ohio, Route 3, a sister of the late Rev. David Sharpe, who was pastor of the United Presbyterian Church in Kirkwood many years ago, and she spent quite a lot of time in the Sharpe home. After the Rev. Mr. Sharpe's death, Mrs. Campbell made her home with Mrs. Sharpe until Mrs. Sharpe left Kirkwood. Mrs. Campbell writes that she was 97 Oct. 16. She is well and hearty and walks across the porch of the nursing home where she lives several times each day. Mrs. Campbell also enclosed a clipping from a newspaper of her area with the heading "Interesting F a c t s About Interesting People" with her picture and facts concerning her long life. NFO Members Prepare for State Meet Plans for the first State National Farmers Organization convention at Springfield were made at two meetings in Smithshire and Knoxville this week. After hearing an address by Warren Reed and Morris Abott, national organizers, Knox County NFO members elected the following delegates to the convention: Boyd Logan, Forrest Brown, Abingdon; John Sei- boldt, Robert Williams, Victoria; Henry Empken of Maquon, Clyde Bock, Howard Sornberger, Reece Jones and Jim Stone, all Oneida and Ralph Johnson, Dahinda. Jones, chairman of the meat board, reported on the activities of his group. The meeting was held at the Knoxville American Legion Home. Meanwhile, at the 19th Congressional District NFO meeting the following members were elected to serve on committees at the state convention: Warren Reed, Kewanee, arrangements; Theresa Bybee, Galesburg, credentials; Mitch Neuman, Geneseo, resolutions; Leonard Fossum, Cambridge, elections and tally, and Boyd Logan, Abingdon, sergeant-at- arms. At a meeting in Smithshire, district members voted to pay pro-rated share of convention expenses and decided to hold future meetings at North Henderson. Gene Potter, Whiteside County, a candidate for national director, addressed the group and James Milligan, district president, reported on a recent state board meeting. Small-Scale Beef Feeding Prof itahle, Expert Claims Illinois farmers can profitably feed cattle on a small settle, provided the enterprise uses otherwise unused farm products and facilities. ; Farm cost studies of feeder cattle operations made by University of Illinois farm manage- 1 —•—~ — A ment specialist ft. A. Hin ton show that, by salvaging "no- cost" items, farmers with small operations added an average of $3.68 per hundredweight to their net farm income. Farmers' cost records in recent years show that, when all items used in cattle feeding were charged at market values, the total cost of producing beef was $25.45 per 100 pounds. However, returns were $24.29 per 100 pounds. So records often show small-scale feeding operations to be unprofitable, Hinton reports. • Use Through Cattle Further study indicates that small herds can remain competitive by using items that cannot be converted into cash except through cattle. On many farms labor, grain, crop aftermath and livestock facilities would go unused if cattle were not fed. Costs change when farmers increase the scale of cattle-feeding operations, points out Hinton. New investments in structures, machinery and other items create costs that must be paid for from the operation. To avoid high unit overhead and to lower production costs, operators are pushed to keep lots full. Year-round cattle feeding competes with other enterprises Meet at Union BIGGSVILLE -Monthly meeting of the Union High School Future Homemakers of America was held Oct. 9. Linda Shinberger and Donna Davilla conducted the program on "Dropouts in School" They were assisted by Joy James, Judy Bundy, Marilyn Shaner and Jerri Bainbridge. Burned Administration Finds Wheat Producers Cool to Proposed Controls By OVID A. MARTIN Associated Press Farm Writer WASHINGTON (AP)-A grower referendum next year on the Kennedy administration's new two-price control plan for wheat for the 1965 crops appears unlikely. There appears to be a feeling among farm leaders in and out of government that wheat growers do not want mandatory government controls over their production. They soundly defeated the administration plan for 1964 at a referendum last May. A tip-off on administration recommendations to the next session of Congress regarding another referendum may have been given by the National Agricultural Advisory Commission in a statement it issued at the close of a two-day meeting here earlier this week. Report on Survey Reporting on a survey of farm leaders throughout the country, the commission said mandatory controls do not appear at this time to be acceptable to producers of wheat. It added that a voluntary plan offers the greatest promise of winning fa- forable acceptance from growers. The commission is composed of 25 representative farm lead ers appointed by President Kennedy. It has generally reflected the thinking of the administration in its public statements. If no referendum is conducted next spring on mandatory controls for the 1965 crop, Congress will have to change existing wheat legislation. A referendum is required as the law now stands. But it is not likely that the administration will want to hold another referendum and run the risk of another defeat just a few months before the presidential election. Certainly, a number of Democratic farm leaders in Congress have indicated they do not want another wheat referendum conducted next year. Enacted in 1902 It should not be difficult to get Congress to eliminate the mandatory control program with its referendum. Republicans opposed the present law when it was enacted in 1962. The influential American Farm Bureau Federation also opposed it. The National Farmers Union and the National Grange, two other general farm organizations, favored it. But they could alter their portions at upcom ing national convention. The prospective big sale of wheat to Soviet bloc countries should take some of the pressure off the grain surplus problem. WASHINGTON (AP) - The Labor Department reported today that there has been a dramatic movement of non-whites, mostly Negroes, out of agriculture since World War II. It said that between 1948 and 1962, there was a decline of 62 per cent in the number of nonwhites working as farmers and farm managers compared with a decline of 42 per cent for whites. During the same period, non-white farm foremen and laborers had declined 21 per cent compared with 31 per cent for whites. "The steady decline of nonwhites in agriculture is a result," the department said in a report, "of movement from share-cropping and mar g i n a 1 farms, especially in the South, as well as growth of alternative employment opportunities for non-white workers in other sectors of the economy. per cent more broiler type chicks during the first nine months of this year than in the like period last year. Reporting this, the Agriculture Department said the production this year tota^ad 1,719,291,000. But broiler-type eggs in incubators on Oct. 1 were down I per cent from a year earlier, indicating that broiler production is easing off under the impact of weakened prices. WASHINGTON (AP) - The nation's hatcheries produced 2 WASHINGTON (AP) - The Agriculture Department reported today that the number of cattle and calves on feed for the quality slaughter market was 10 per cent larger in the 28 major feeding states than a year earlier. The number this year was put at 6,739,000 head. The increase was 9 per cent in the North Central Corn Belt states, 8 per cent in the Western states and 22 per cent in the other states. Iowa led with 1,275,000 head compared with 1,181,000 a year earlier, followed by California with 1,075,000 and 949,000 respectively. The department said cattle weighing 700 pounds or more accounted for all the increase this year. Gibb to Retire From Henderson County Office BIGGSVILLE — Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Gibb of Biggsville, with the assistance of Mr. and Mrs. Lyman Fort of Stronghurst, entertained Gibb's fellow ASC and SCS workers with a dinner party at the Holiday Inn in Burlington, Oct. 12. The dinner was a gesture of appreciation on the part of Gibb, who is retiring as office manager of the Henderson County ASCS office Nov. 8, aft er 26 years of service. He serv ed on the county committee from March 1937 until October 1953 when he became office manager. He has served in this position until the present time. Guests were Mr. arid Mrs. Raymond Cox, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Anderson and Miss Beverly Morris of Stronghurst; Mr. and Mrs. Raymond West, Mr. and Mrs. Page Randall, Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Hindman, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bjork, Mr. and Mrs. Ronnie Norman, Mr. and Mrs. Boyde Stevenson and Mrs. Marilyn Galbraith of Biggsville; Mr. and Mrs. James Snodgrass, Mr. and Mrs. Lyle Craig and Miss Martha Watson of Oquawka; Mr. and Mrs. Ora Kirby, of Monmouth; Mr. and Mrs. Harold Tharp of Lomax; Mr. arid Mrs. Kenneth Rodeffer of Media and Don Brent of Gladstone. and must be managed at high level efficiency to remain profitable. Corn-belt farmers, however, can maintain small-scale feed* ing operations profitably by Using farm-produced feeds and low-value or non-saleable Items. Many farmers could feed a few cattle, a carload or even a hundred or more on a few farms. But it is important to check farm costs and the effect of cattle on net income to see whether they are paying their way, concludes Hinton. Market Shows Weakness By GEORGE B. SHEA (Galesburg Order Buyers, Inc.) Receipts of hogs this week are around 6 per cent above last week and 11 per cent over one year ago. Despite the heavier receipts, prices have held pretty much the same as one week ago. There was some weakness on the close Thursday. Good Eastern shipping hogs have been bringing $15.25 to $15.50, with sorted;No. Is ranging from $15.50 to $15.75 and fat hogs $15 to $15.25. Packing sows are fully steady with a week ago at $14.25 and down. We do not look for too much change in prices for the next few weeks. Orderly marketing as hogs reach top weight should prove most profitable. The September pig crop report for the 10 cornbelt states reported sow farrowings in June, July and August to be 2 per cent larger than 1962. It also reported farrowing intentions for September, October and November to be 3 per cent less than a year earlier. This would mean the first three months of 1964 would see slightly larger hog marketings compared to this year and the second three months just a few less than 1963. Altona War Mothers Acknowledged For Contributions ALTONA — May Lawrence was hostess to Altona Mothers of World War II at the Kufus Community Building Tuesday. Jeannette Simpson presided at the business meeting. Letters of thanks were read from Dixon and Kankakee State hospitals for boxes of used clothing, sewed carpet rags, lap robes, handkerchiefs, used neckties, zippers and buttons sent to the facilities recently. Five dollars was donated to the state project and to the Children's Hospital at Normal to be used at Christmastime. Plans were discussed for the unit's 20th anniversary tea Nov. 7. W. Illinois: Farm Aides Earn Awards Three Western Illinois farm advisers were given certificates of achievement Thursday for excellence in the 1963 Extension Communications Awards Program. John Burns of Peoria, Peoria County assistant farm adviser; Leo Sharp of Lewistown, Fulton County farm adviser, and Stanley Sims of Monmouth, Warren County farm adviser, were presented their awards by Hubert H. Fulkerson, Ogle County farm adviser and chairman of the information advisory committee of Illinois State Association of Farm Advisers. The awards ceremony took place at the banquet of the Illinois Cooperative Extension Service during the fall conference of the group at the University of Illinois this week. A total of 58 farm and home advisers and assistants entered at least one descrpition of their activities in one of the 13 classes of the award program. There were 172 entries from 37 different counties in Illinois. READ THE CLASSIFIEDS! "MADISON" SILOS "CLAY" Unloadert and Bunk Feeders ZIMMER FARM STORE SALES & SERVICE ABINGDON, ILL. Phone 3190 — Collect Processing and Butchering BUTCHERING HOGS AND BEEF 6 DAYS EVERY WEEK. Our expert meat cutters assure yon of getting must cuts from your beet or nog*. Processed to your individual family need* and packed iu the best plastic coated freezer paper. BUTCHERING CHARGE: BEEP $5, HOGS $?50 We U$t A Dehairirtg Machine to Give A Packinghout* Job WESTERN ZERO LOCKER ) "Customer Satisfaction is Our A^p"'