Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 18, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, October 18, 1963
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i Golesbur •The Trouble Is, Doc, I Can't Tell Whether It's a Nightmare or a Premonition* Fussin' and Feudin 9 to By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN POLITICS, under the surface, can be a pretty lethal business. And the wolves are ravening just now to make use of the so* called "Bobby Baker affair in ways that could satisfy a number of lethal political appetites. To understand the snapping and snarling that is going on under cover, one must know something of the background of the Baker case. Robert G. Baker was, until his resignation, this secretary to the Democratic Senate majority, a recent post that carried with it a $20,* ooo annual salary. Bobby owed his job to Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, who had orig* inally supported him for the position in the days when an "LBJ" tag carried instantaneous approval with a majority of Senators. When Johnson quit his post in 1961 as Democratic leader of the Senate to become Vice President, he passed Bobby Baker on to the new majority leader, Mike Mansfield. Baker was just as popular—and as useful — as ever in running errands for his senatorial bosses. But the sleuthing of Sen. John J. Williams, the Delaware Republican, put Baker on the spot when it was revealed that "Lyndon's boy" had outside business interests and had, indeed, made money from contracts that had placed vending equipment in defense industry plants. BAKER CHOSE to r e s i g n rather than to fight — a decision which caused anguish among a number of senators, who saw nothing legally or even Lyndon ethically wrong with anything that Baker had done. The "eon* flict of interests" laws which cover employes of the executive branch of government do not apply to senatorial employes any more than they do to the senators themselves. Certainly most members of the Senate have outside interests: they maintain law offices, they accept big lecture fees, they do not necessarily resign their business connections when they go to Washington. For example, the late Senator Kerr of Okla- a -1 homa, a big oil man, had. all industrial empire that makes anything owned by Bobby Biker look like a child's toy, and he never apologized for protecting it. As Sen. Dirksen, a ftepublt- can who nonetheless disapprove ed of investigating Bobby Baker, said to Majority Leader Mike Mansfield, no senator would be immune if there were to be a committee investigation of "outside interests." 1963 (Continued on page 5) Rusk Defies Congress Inquiry Int TOM LITTLE, NASHVILLE TENNESSEAN EDITORIAL Comment and Review By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - Secretary of State Dean Rusk has posted the No Trespassing sign and warned Senate investigators to stay out of Foggy Bottom. Security practices in his department have been the subject of an investigation by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee for more than a year. On Aug. 15, State Department security officers received a directive signed by Abba Schwartz, director of the Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs. It read: 4 * Subject: Appearance before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee. You are hereby instructed that henceforth all (underlined) personnel of the Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs are not to appear before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee unless the requested appearance has been cleared in advance with me personally or Mr. Mace (deputy administrator for security). "This includes contact or interviews with any members of the staff of the subcommittee. Mr. Mace or I should be notified of any requested interview by the subcommittee or members of the staff." MEMBERS of the subcommittee insist the Schwartz directive is a violation of the law, specifically Title 5, Section 52 of the U. S, Code which guarantees Congressional access to Executive information. They point further to concurrent resolutions passed by the House and Senate in 1958: "Any person in government service should put loyalty to highest moral principles and to country above loyalty to persons, party or government department." One top-ranking State Depart­ ment official is now in danger of losing his job for cooperating with the subcommittee. He is Otto Otepka, chief of the Division of Evaluations of Security Information since 1954. Rusk and Schwartz have moved to discharge Otepka for turning over to J. G. Sourwine, subcommittee chief counsel, information that reflected badly on department practices. So incensed were members of the subcommittee when they learned of this that they dispatched Sen. Thomas Dodd to New York with an angry letter for Secretary Rusk. Rusk has been summoned for testimony early next month. He will be questioned about the Otepka case and the controversy surrounding Miss Frances Knight, rock-hard anti-communist' who serves as director of the Passport Office. Miss Knight has charged Schwartz with a personal vendetta aimed at getting her out of office. Schwartz, too, will be asked to testify HOURS AFTER the latest U. S.-Soviet spy swap last week, administration officials leaked the news of similar deals in the past. In 1961, according to these officials, American RB-47 pilots shot down in the USSR were freed as part of a deal for the release of Igor Melekh, a Soviet UN official caught spying in this country. All very interesting, particularly since President Kennedy has previously denied any swap had been made. At his press conference, April 21, 1961, the President said: "There was no connection (between the release of the pilots and Melekh). The dropping of the charges was made after an examination of the case of the national interest ... I am sorry I can't be more responsive.' 1 BIGGEST MYSTERY in the publishing business: How Athe- neum Publications can spend $40,000 in promotion for Nelson Rockefeller's new book, "The Future of Federalism." Never before has so much money been earmarked for promotion of such a paper-back book. A spokesman for Gov. Rockefeller denies the book will be used as a campaign tract. OILMAN GEORGE BUSH. son of former Sen. Pre^cott Bush of Connecticut, appears to be the likely GOP candidate for senator next fall in Texas. Bush hopes to unseat liberal Democrat Ralph YarboroUgh. His chances would be enhanced if Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater heads the GOP ticket. With Goldwater running for President, Texas Republicans insist they can capture the Senate seat and several House seats as well. Copyright 1963 Atom Force to Guard Europe Delayed by Allies Nixon's Chances Few seasoned political observers doubt Nothing in politics is so fixed or so that the presidential bug still is biting Rich- scientific that one could fairly rule him out ard M. Nixon, despite his most ardent pro- altogether. Convention deadlocks are ex- tests of disinterest in the 1964 Republican tremely rare. But if the 1964 GOP conven- nomination. tion at San Francisco got into some kind of Both Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona, stalemate, it might in its extremity turn to the present front runner, and New York's Nixon as a man palatable to all wings. Gov. Nelson Rockefeller are political realists—and they ^ say they think Nixon is, a candidate. Many another politiclati believes the same. There can be no question that certain Nevertheless, the likelihood of this happening is not great. The basic reason is By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)-The gag in Washington now is that the United States may have to work out a nonaggression pact and a disarmament agreement with the Russians because it's impossible to get agreement with America's North Atlantic Treaty allies on the defense of Europe against Russian attack. But the Kennedy administration is making still another try at getting NATO to accept the multilateral force—MLF—c o n- ttiat a high proportion of GOP profession-- <*pt for the nuclear defense of als are quite disenchanted with him. Their recriminations against him for western Europe* Most notable thing about talks on this just resumed in Washington and Paris is that the French are not taking part. British, German, Dutch, Greek and Turkish representatives are sitting in. President De Gaulle wants none of i$. The Paris talks are political and financial, between permanent mission representatives to the NATO council. Ambassador Thomas K. Finletter is U.S. spokesman. The Washington talks are technical and strate- aspects of Nixon's situation "position" him alleged utical misjudgments in the 1960 THE MAILBOX for such consideration. campaign linger on and on. Some of this A Look at Employment He is the middle ; road man always a* bitternesSj it now appearSj existed covertly m Register . M ; il: ceptable, on paper at least, to both conser- in the years up to and including 1960-at a vative and liberal wings of his party. This time when these profess i ona l s were public- would have been an immensely strong point ly i aiK ji n g Nixon. The deep source of this attitude seems to be their inability to warm up to Nixon. In 1960 their disgruntlement was founded more practically in the fact that Nixon refused to listen to them but insisted on pursuing what they saw as an inflexible course toward defeat. On top of all this lies wide conviction for him had he won the California governorship last fall and gained that great power base. Not having gained it, he moved to New York. He could not have hoped thereby to find a new power footing. What he did seek was a chance to get into the brighter spotlight which shines on politicians operating in the Washington-New York orbit. This he has managed. The public prints that, since he lost to President Kennedy in are currently alive with accounts of Nixon's a year when.maximum advantage appear- views and doings. He is getting talked ed to rest with Nixon, the former vice pres- about. He is trying to cast his influence ident would only be beaten more easily an- over public discussion of the great issues other time. They have little taste for a and to affect the tone of his own parly's Kennedy-Nixon rerun, efforts. Surely Nixon's name will continue to be Yet it is one thing to say Nixon is inter- high in public notice in the big political ested and available, quite another to argue months to come. But there is no evidence that the Republican party might nominate him in 1964. that it is high in either the hearts or the minds of Republican president-makers. Recently an article in the Register-Mail said that employment in the Galesburg area is currently the best in nine years. Fine! Bravo! But to the people drawing rockin* chair money, it's the same old story. The article quoted some personnel directors complaining that they may have to lower their standards; and going as far as Canton for employes. Isn't this a distressing predicament in which the employers find themselves? It seems to me our United States of America lowered its standards and won World War II. One local union has placed its employer in the unenviable position of forcing employes of 66 years of age to retire, re- The Almanac gardless of the fact such em­ ployes may be of more value than some of the younger ones. I am told it takes a high school diploma to get employment as "sanitation engineer" (janitor in charge of toilets). I would be the last to belittle or down-grade education; but Guadalcanal, Luzon, the battles of the Bulge and the Rhine were not won by men whose condition of servitude was a high school diploma. The war was won by people who had what it takes—ability, including the go-go stamina. Another thing, perhaps the lowering of standards, and the retention of elderly, but otherwise satisfactory employes may help local people pay higher taxes, which are as sure as "death and taxes." — Lee S. Barton. That Confrontation Over Cuba A year after the critical "eyeball-to- ideology for refraining from signing the eyeball" confrontation between the United limited nuclear test ban treaty, but despite States and the Soviet Union over nuclear open Soviet urging, it remains significant weapons sited on Cuba, the status, the mis- that Cuba is one of live communist nations sion, even the number of Russian "techni- Red China and its admitted satellites cians" on Fidel Castro's island remain which have not done so. foggy. It is almost as if the three nations involved were content not to have the matter talked about. That the Soviet Union and its satellites fill Cuba's stomach is no mere figure of speech. Earlier this year Raoul admitted The U.S. State Department in mid-Octo- that the fact that nobody in Cuba is starv- ber refused to confirm or deny that there ing was "thanks to aid from the Soviet Un- were fewer than 7600 Soviet troops in Cuba, ion." The first of these, it is well to recall, arrived in May 1960. At maximum, the number is supposed to have reached about 17,000. But no real love is lost between the European communists and the Fidel regime, as evidenced by the remarkably blunt words from communist-bloc delegates The new unofficial figure is called "a at a reC ent economic conference at Prague, pretty fair guess" by people who should There Cuba was given an ultimatum to ac- know. Even the Citizens Committee for a cep t and economic commission from East- Free Cuba tinues. agrees that withdrawal con- ern Europe which would have extraordi- Westerners in Moscow have been nary powers to reform the Cuban economy By United Press International Today is Friday, Oct. 18, the 291st day of 1963 with 74 to follow. The moon is approaching its first quarter. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1767, the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania was finally settled, based on the computations of two English astronomers, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon. This became the "Mason-Dixon Line." In 1842, Samuel Morse laid the first telegraph cable in New York harbor, stretching between the Battery and Governors Island. In 1867, at ceremonies marking the formal transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United States the Russian flag was lowered in front of the governor's residence in Sitka and the U.S. gic, among military experts at the Pentagon. FRENCH ABSENCE is highlighted by announcement from Paris that France now has its own nuclear striking force. It is small compared to the British force and infinitesimal compared to the American. The French have only plutonium— not hydrogen bombs. And M one is sure just how operational are the six Mirage IV bombers supposed to deliver them. This new French nuclear "force de frappe" is therefore characterized as being able to start a war but not finish it. That it its danger to the peace of the world. It is a sop to De Gaulle's ambitions for an independent atomic capability. It gives him a further excuse to stay out of a European MLF under NATO. De Gaulle's possession of this force is not expected to change the U.S. bargaining position on MLF. But it might influence the thinking of other NATO allies. AS A RESULT of the nuclear test ban treaty with Russia there is said to be a general atmosphere of relaxation in Europe. Also, MLF is going to cost a lot of money which some countries don't have and none wants to spend. And there is considerable political instability in the air. Dr. Konrad Adenauer has just resigned in Germany. New Chancellor Ludwig Erhard still has to state his policies, though he is expected to continue reliance on American nuclear protection, rather than French. The British Conservative party is changing leaders following resignation of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan. British elections are likely in early 1964. If the Labor party wins, its leader Harold Wilson has said he would "de-negotiate" the Nassau agreement to accept U.S. Polaris missiles for the defense of Britain. The present Italian govern* ment favors the MLF idea and wants in. But if a more leftish coalition takes over govern­ ment, this policy might be changed. Greece and Turkey want in for prestige but could not pay their way. The Kennedy administration wants to push the MLF plan for its own prestige reasons. Whether anything concrete will be ready for presentation to the NATO Council of Ministers in Paris first week in December is doubtful. MLF -WAS originally conceived by the Eisenhower administration, not only to strengthen Europe's defenses but also to improve the U.S. balance of payments position. Secretary of State Christian A. Herter at the December 1960 NATO council meeting offered to sell Europe five nuclear sub­ marines with Polaris missiles. At the Oslo council meeting in May 1961 Secretary of State Dean Rusk announced the Kennedy administration would follow through. He asked the European countries to prepare their own plan. They were never able to agree. Subsequently the Pentagon revised the plan to put Polaris missiles on surface vessels manned by multinational crews. This is still the favored plan. The hope is that if it can ever be submitted to the NATO council, France will not veto it under the unanimous approval requirement but will abstain from voting. This would allow other European countries to go ahead with it. r galesburg lister-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-5161 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week. y RFD U in our retail trading Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Daily except Sunday. zone; 1 Year $10.00 6 Months S 6.00 3 Months $3.50 1 Month $1.25 Ethel Custer Schmith— Charles Morrow. ..Publisher Editor and General Manager M. H. Eddy, Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay- Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston, AUanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CUKCV LATIQN S MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entiUed exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there iz established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months $3.75 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.25 1 6 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and .Missouri. Year, $18.00 3 Months $5.00 Months $ 9:50 1 Month. $2.00 91 Crossword Puzzzle Crofter is a term used in the islands arid highlands of Scotland to designate a tenant who rents a small holding of land, or "croft." This old English word, originally meaning an enclosed field, corresponds to the Dutch word ^Kroft," a Held on high ground* €> Incyclopesdla IritaMlce From P„ flt . The rPS1, And when they had appointed elders for them in every church, with prayer and fasting, they committed them to the Lord i whom they believe d.—Acts 14:23. * * • When in God thou believest, near God thou wilt certainly be. -C. G. Leland. told by Khrushchev that only training ca- an d even the political system. Mikkos Het- flag raised dres remain. Rumors persist that Khrush- the Hungarian representative at ' Chev has promised, as reported by Marquis p ra gue, very well expressed the general ™ r y 1 Childs, that these wUl leave the island by disenchantment with Fidel's barbudos when ' 11 1Vnow REMINISCING of Bygone limes Oct. 21. he complained: ''Cuba, wliich should have The Citizens Committee insists that the been the example of the Western Hemi- Bussians are being replaced by Chinese sphere of how socialism works, has become and other communists. But some reports the prototype of how a rich country can be state flatly that there has been little overt^ mis-managed by a few ignorant hotheads, sign of Chinese influence since the Sino- Soviet split. The Cubans are giving out no Mao-iike blame By United Press International The toxin of the botulinus, the germ which produces the deadly form of food poisoning called botulism, is sometimes so strong that as little as one part in ten million will kill a mouse, accord- laziness." Tough talk indeed, coming from ing to the Popular Medical Ency- companero clopedia. FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Oct. 18, 1913 Playing before a fair-sized crowd of rooters, Knox College came out victorious over Parsons College in a football game by the score of 28-0. Happy Hour Club met at the home of Mrs. D. Wingader. Although the weather was bad all but three members were present. TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, Oct. 18, 1943 A total of 283 persons registered for the spiritual advance conference at First Presbyterian Church in Galesburg. A number of members and parents attended fathers night meeting of the Silas Wiliard School PTA. ACROSS 1 Wooden golf club 6 Club carrier 11 Lofty 13 Interdicts 14 Shout to 15 Repeat appearance 16 Employ 17 Fragrant herb 19 Blemish 20 Iron club 23 Cocaine source 26 Cerebral (comb, form) 30 Build up 32 Flower 33 Machine tools 35 Speaks imperfectly 36 Puts into silo 38 For fear that 39 Passes by 42 Oriental porgy 45 Soapstone 46 Presidential nickname 49 Turn 52 Click-beetle 54 Gave unction to (archaic) 55 Below par strokes 56 Danger 57 Infect DOWN 1 Spirit (Egypt) 3 Voided escutcheon 4 Lubricate 5 Girl's nan* • Tin 7 Rudiments •8 Destiny 9 Female name 10 Belgian river 12 Calmed 13 Four-cell 18 Bite 20 No. 5 iron 21 Verbal 22 Noughts 23 Gypsy (var.) 24 Arabian caliphate 25 Feline animals 27 Otherwise 28 Hints 29 Hops' kiln 31 Vend 34 Located 37 Spring • 40 Sly (dial) 41 Acclaim group Answer to Previous Puxile i:«iorj •isinrif i |iiuc .i ail 1 • rai^ mmm 42 Golf hazard 43 Top quality (2 words) 44 Passage in the brain 46 Mythical Norse king 47 Copulative verb 48 Previously 50 Turk's name 51 Distant (co form) 53 Moslem officer it!» Nf KNTCAPilSS ASSN. 4

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