Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 12, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, July 12, 1973
Page 4
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4 Galesbu* ister*Moil y ..Gpltsburfl,. 111. In the Works Thurl, Jul 12. 1973 EDITORIAL Comment and Review ^^^^^^^^^^^ I Patronage Plum Withering Patronage, Illinois' political playground for thousands of people, appears to be on the way out. For longer than we care to remember, the patronage system, which is the practice of hiring persons on a politically partisan basis, has been an intricate part of Illinois government, and has provided die backdrop for some of the most colorful, scandalous, but in many cases, productive chapters in the history of the state. Patronage, for example, has been the very core of machine politics in Chicago for years and it has represented the difference between the success or failure of the only remaining large political dynasty in the nation. But during the last decade, the patronage system in Illinois has been showing signs of fatigue. The abuses of the system have become so frequent and so blatant that candidates now find voting strength in anti-patronage platforms and officeholders are requiring more and more employes to qualify under civil service. A severe blow to the system came last .year when a federal court panel ruled that pubUc employes cannot be fired from their jobs solely because of their political affiliation. Shortly after that, the administration of former Gov. Richard B. Ogilvie embarked on a massive campaign to get most Republican employes under the civil service act, ostensibly to protect them from the scourge of a change of administration. Now Gov. Daniel Walker and the Republican Party are embroiled in a dispute over the hiring and firing of patronage workers in the Illinois Department of Transportation, one of the larger havens for political jobseekers. The Walker administration wants to lay off about 1,000 workers in the Department of Transportation described as road super- 4 visors and equipment operators. The executive branch contends that those positions are not vital to the transportation department and their elimination could save Illinois taxpayers $1.5 million a year. Since most of these positions are fi\led with Republicans hired during the Ogilvie administration, the GOP is taking the matter personal. The state Republican Central Committee has taken court action against Gov. Walker and Transportation Secretary Langhorne Bond and has been successful in obtaining an order prohibiting employes. The cans xsloves"' and contend that Gov. Walker am him If Gov. Walker can substantiate his claim that retaining the transportation * t employes is simply an unsound business attempt department employes, the Republicans wil\ have a hard time defending their stand. After all> it was the Republican Party em ernment in 1972 and made the first significant attempts toward ending the patronage system in Illinois. While Illinoisans watch this latest capital spectacle, they should keep in mind that patronage is neither outmoded nor totally inconsistent with good government. A workable patronage system offers many advantages. Its problem in Illinois is that it has been subject to too much abuse. Broadcasting and Free Speech Broadcasting, like politics, makes strange bedfellpws. Consider the rare meeting of minds involving the Rev. Carl Mclntire, the fundamentalist minister and leader of pro- war demonstrations, and many of the activists who have taken part in anti-war demonstrations. The issue on which they agree is government regulation of broadcasting, chiefly through the "fairness doctrine," amounts to violation of the First Amendment's guarantees of and press. free speech Mclntire's position stems partially from self-interest. Three years ago, the Federal Communications Commission declined to renew the broadcasting license of WXUR, a radio station in Media, Pa., owned by Mclntire. In announcing its decision, the FCC held that the fundamentalist, right-wing views aired by WXUR were not properly balanced by other viewpoints. Thus, the station was adjudged in violation of the fairness r doctrine. Undaunted, Mclntire has threat- America anchored Cape to the East Coast on or about July 19. Mclntire contends that the fairness doctrine is outmoded. With around 8,000 radio stations now on the air in the United States, he says, a wide variety of views on controversial issues is readily available to the public. He therefore feels that each station should be free to broadcast what it likes. Washington attorney Paul Porter, who served as FCC chairman during World War II, inclines to agree with Mclntire. "When this gadget (the radio) was invented/' he has observed (The Center Magazine, May / June 1973), "somebody had the foresight to attach a little thing that you can work with your finger and your thumb to turn it off or on. That guarantees consumer acceptance, and that ought to be the greatest deterrent to irresponsibility. So I say, let's forget the old cliche that the airways belong to .the public and stop using regulation as a club. Let's let the marketplace decide. That's where you'll get the best decisions, and also protect any vestiges that may be left of the First Amendment." One can easily imagine Mclntire nodding vigorously in agreement. s WASHINGTON - A confidential House Crime Committee Report has found that horse racing te a rick Indus flitted with political payoffs, fixed races and infestations of Mafia men and money that make the $2 bettor an inevitable also-ran. So controversial is the 183- page volume of abuses in the Sport of Kings that some com* mitten members doubt it will be released publicly. We have obtained a copy intended only for selected congressmen. State by state, ft details how ordinary bettors are suckered into paying off winning tickets for Cosa Nostra financiers and their touts at the track. "WE HAVE determined that inadequate security at many thoroughbred trades and harness raceways has led to race fixing which threatens not only the integrity of the state in which the sport is sanctioned, but that of the industry itself," asserts the document "litis committee has heard of schemes as simple in design as that of a dishonest jockey hoping an electrical charge applied to his mount will put him into the winner's circle. We have a'so heard of elaborate conspiracies in which iti entire race was effectively (ted up by knocking out half the field with drugs." The racing industry, says the report, has refused to lace its problems "due to misguided dear e to protect the image of the sport." In track alter track, hypodermic syringes were used to "type" up horses to win, or to "pacify" them with a drug called acepromazine to make them lose. The committee found 12 states where high-class "ringers" using the phony credentials c£ "nags" were entered in third class races. The "ringers," of course, ran away with their races, and the fixers ran away with the money. < AS UNSAVORY a group of Metfia men as ever attended a crime conference was found in racing. Among Cosa Nostra blue bloods in racing were Ray* mond Patriarcha of NeW England, the Gatto family an' Thomas Lucchese of New York, Anthony ZeriHi of Detroit and Carlos Marcello of New Orleans. Their ownership of tracks, however, has been bidden behind "nominees" and "straws," legal devices for hiding investments. The committee study observes tartly that "most state licensing procedures are so perfunctory that . . . hidden ownership is a likelihood" Because there is so much money in horse racing, payoffs to politicians for licenses are "a normal cost of doing busi­ ness," the committee study With Louisiana, as one example, Racing Chairman Albert Stall wag appointed shortiy after he admitted publicly that he placed beta with bookmakers. "Such an admission in itself should be grounds for removal," charges the study. IN IIUNOtt, "the greatest scandal in racing in recent years occurred (when) a governor, chairman of the racing board and other state officiate secured undisclosed stock ownership in a racing association in violation of state statute." In New York, a race hack concessionaire made a $100,000 payoff to New York State Republican Chairman Judson Mor* house, the study says. Mbrhouse reportedly turned back the money on orders of New York governor Nelson Rockefeller, the report goes on. Other payoffs, fixes and assorted scandals are reported in Arkansas, Arizona, Hawaii, California, Michigan, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Florida and New Jersey. News r Business Just Isn i the Same CHICAGO—Not even here, not even in this city that was so famous for it, is there anything left of the journalistic romance of green eyeshades and frenzy. The newsrooms of the daily papers are reasonably quiet places where temperate people work at a civilized pace. But if the maniacal pressures of deadline, scoop and stop-the -presses haven't been able to survive the redecorated and carpeted atmosphere of a modern Chicago Tribune, the old madness has moved out across the street and located in a modern building above a bank. The green eyeshades tare gone, but the rest is intact in the central office of United Press International's broadcast wire. Here is the clatter of the teletype machines and the straining to beat the competition if only by 30 seconds. Twice an hour or more, 3,500 radio and television stations are served with news from this office of kicked and tired desks and computer terminals with display screens. America gets most if not all of its news first from this tobnr where they still put their cigarettes out on the floor and the typewriters look as if they couldn't take much more. Here is the motto- source of rip and read. WHAT GOES ON in this plain and overworked space is easy to describe but hard to do. Some O 9 © 1973 by NiA, Inc. "Where have I been all day? I was at a place right up the street watching the imn committee'* galesburg Kegisfer-Mail Office HO South Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 343-7181 SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 5Uc a Week Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Daily except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday, Columbus Pay and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Pritchard, publisher; Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson* assistant to the editor; James O'Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co., Inc., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year $16.00 3 Months $5 29 6 Months $ 9.00 X Month $2-00 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery service. By Carrier in retail trading zone outside City of Galesburg 50c a Week By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: 1 Year $22.00 3 Months $6.00 6 Months $12.00 1 Month $3,50 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: 1 Year $26.00 3 Months $7.50 6 Months $14.50 1 Month $3.1* 15 to 20 information wires come in here. The sports wire, the weather wire, the business wire, regional news wires, and the A wire, which is UPI's national wire feeding att its newspaper cliemte. In addition, there is the Bouverie wire for foreign, news, so named because once UPI bad its offices on the London street of that name. AH of this information, plus a certain amount of stuff prepared specially for broadcasting, is monitored and shrunk down to be sent out to radio and television stations everywhere. The shrinking is considerable as this quote from the UPI Broadcast Stylebook makes clear: "The normal newscast contains three and one-half minutes of news—thus, if it covers ten stories that leaves only 21 seconds an item . . . roughly five lines of copy . . . When ttfe desk asks for an eight-line story, tell it in eight lines, not ten." T For this reason broadcast news is sometimes incomprehensible. So much has been taken out of the story, it no longer makes sense as when you tear your transistor tell you, "Washington—Ttoe President accepted last-minute amendments to the Spevin Bill aid signed it today although earlier White House spokesmen had said he would not. Meanwhile, in Altoona, Pa., striking workers clashed with rifle-ready National Guardsmen in that strife- troubled city." SINCE BROADCASTERS can't add minutes the way newspapers can add pages, there isn't much that UPI can do about the abbreviation problem. More aggravating to the national nervous system is the hyping, fiddling and a new angling of old stories. That's what bap- pens when a station sells the public on "News every hour on the half hour." Even in our Benzedrine-tablet existence, there isn't that much news, as the UPI stytebook points out to its employes: "One of the more demanding tasks is putting a new sound on an old story. Big stories sometimes run in 15 to 20 news shows during a single day . . . without new developments." UPI cautions its people not to get carried away. "You can panic entire communities by sensationalizing," the stylebook warns. Words like sniper or riot can't be used at all without high- level permission, but an organization with a deadline every minute doesn't have its heart in such sobrieties. "Write it, put it in the; computer and hit the button "says Bill Ferguson, the head broadcast editor. "It's the immediacy that makes what would normally be a (kill job interesting." . The stylebook agrees, exhorting UPIers, "Don't just road your copy aloud . . . speak it, project it, punch it... be aide to think this is a hell of a story. If you don't, no listener will." The listeners will get a hell­ uva case of the jitters if they take the story too seriously. Let's hope they don't, but treat it for what it's good for . . . the weather and the first flash that somebody important has been shot. For the rest, it's a comfort to know somebody's still hustling to get an extra edition out on the streets. J * Now You Know... By United Press International The capital of the Faro Islands is Thorshavn. Crossword Puzzle Atrrer te Presses furit i i t ACBM1 1 Nocturnal -Mima] 4 Small food fish • Feline animale U Halt brew 13 Famale equina 14 Exchange premium 15 Legal point IS Formation of troops (var.) IS Colonizes 20 Nominates (Scot) 21 Islet ina river 22 Kind of exam 24 Renown 26 Scintillate 27 Tibetan Uriel' 30 Disinclined 32 Flow* out 34 Tauter 95 Deposits at mouths of rivers SS Beat (IV.) 37 Inclines downward 39 French verb 40 Lion's "Pride* 41 Gott gadget 42 Small herring 45 Babblers 48 Guardian 51 Job 52 Roof edge 53 Sword handle 54 Female aeix*(ab.) 55 Coloring eubstancea 56 Frosts, a»* cake 57 Feminine appellation DOWN 1 Tribunals 2 Toward the sheltered aide 3 Solemn covenant 4 Deep-blue m pigment 5 Ashen* 6 Prayer 7 Number, 8 De$ert beast • Awry (dial) 10 Slight coloring 11 Drunkards 17 Expire 19 Rows 23 Incursions 24 Ultimate lot 25 Genus of vertebrates sirjiui • SI MUM —— M I;I»I=4| i =jiiMi2ir-j •*n mai irjL ^uiiias I •am* MVT-J MINIMI * m —— Willi • IT-its H a*Uha 26 Canarylike finch 27 Practice of a Hindu rite 28 Listen to 29 South African fox 3iUnruf 33 Frozen rain 38 Digestive 40 Spouses 41 Small pastries 42 Raced 43 Entreat 44 Ramble 46 Actor's part in a drama 47 Polynesian chestnut 48 Koko'a weapon 80 Greek letter 15 3T] -f - 1 - * ma - * (HIWtMUt IHTIMUSI AMR) MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION i

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