Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 17, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Thursday, October 17, 1963
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4 {Sglesburg Regis^r-Moil, Golesburg, III. Thurs,, Oct. 17,1963 EDITORIAL Comment and Review Chipping Away at the Core Breaking into the hard core of the country's unemployment is beyond doubt the toughest domestic dilemma outside the racial field. The two problems are, of course, not unrelated, since a good portion of the chronically unemployed In some distressed areas are unskilled or low-skilled Negro workers. How can the employables among the hard core be salvaged? Obviously, countless numbers might be "soaked up" if the general level of the economy rose greatly. To achieve this is the stated aim of President Kennedy's tax cut plan. But if there is no tremendous economic upthrust—with or without a tax cut—then more and more stress will have to be put on other methods of salvage. The various area redevelopment and general manpower retraining programs are the present chief reliance. Nationally, and as seen in such critical "distress" areas as are found in parts of West Virginia and Pennsylvania, some quite respectable figures can be mustered to the point that many unemployed individuals have been or are being retrained and a fair share of these are finding jobs. How much hope one sees in this depends partly on whether he wishes to emphasize the psychological benefit of "some progress" or to stress the long, long road still to be traveled. The biggest drawback appears to be that automation is moving along at so rapid a pace—even by conservative estimates—that old jobs are disappearing as fast or faster than new ones can be created. In its general aspect the problem is not unlike that India confronts as it tries to raise its people's living standards at the same time it is being engulfed in a rising population tide. There is another difficulty. In many places, the retraining effort has had a certain looseness to it. Not always has it been clear that men retrained in particular fields would find jobs waiting in those fields. And this even though honest effort has been made to gauge the needs of business and industry. What seems required, but up to now has been managed only spottily, is a very close communication between business and the retraining program. The retrainers need to be told by business managers that they will hire specific numbers of men trained in a specific array of skills. Then, with considerable saving in energy, money and personal hopes, unemployed workers can be fitted for work they know beyond question will be waiting for them. Right now, through the cooperation of the Chamber of Commerce and state-local government officials, Philadelphia is engaged in just such a manpower project. If it works as well as it should, Pittsburgh and other Pennsylvania cities may be getting the same thing. The results of such carefully pinpointed efforts to match jobs and men may not be massive, at least at the outset. But the attainment could be very real and very solid. In an age when "solutions" to the unemployment problem seem so wispy and illusory, solid gains—even though small- must be welcomed by us all. Hear Out Mme. Nhu Distasteful as it may be to many Americans, Mme. Nhu of Viet Nam must be allowed to speak her piece against America in America and be treated with complete courtesy as she does it. Anything else would be petty, rude and unworthy of our stature. This country is dedicated to freedom of speech. We have stretched that right to include a gentleman named Khrushchev, who on occasion has indicated he is not one of America's foremost fans. We should extend the same privilege to Mme. Nhu, even though we know she will combine intelligence, charm, beauty and boldness to present her case far better than it deserves to be presented. Let her speak, and let the world judge whether her views' on America and Americans are sound. We have every reason to be confident of the verdict. Killers Pinpointed Tomorrow's doctors and medical research scientists will more and more direct their skills toward conquering the diseases of old age. Aside from accidents, the perils of childhood have simply been rendered statistically insignificant. According to the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., if all deaths in the first 25 years of life could be prevented, the expec­ tation of life at birth for the general population would be increased only three years. In fact, if nobody — repeat, nobody — died before the age of 50, the average lifetime would rise by only 5V2 years, or only one-fourth the gain made since 1900. The statisticians conclude that further progress in longevity will depend largely on cutting deaths from the chronic and degenerative diseases. Great Train Quandary: Merge or Not to Merge By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON — (NEA) - A more active Kennedy administration role in considering all of the 25 major U.S. railroad merger applications now before the Interstate Commerce Commission has just been indicated by Undersecretary of Commerce for Transportation Clarence D. Martin Jr. Speaking before the Transportation Assn. of America at Ponte Vedra Beach, Fla., Mr. Martin, as chairman of the administration's Interagency Committee on Transport Mergers, maps out the government's new plan to create four competitive rail systems in the northeast. This had been outlined briefly when Asst. Atty. Gen. William H. Orrick Jr., in charge of the Department of Justice antitrust division, appeared before an ICC examiner in his final week of hearings on the Pennsylvania-New York Central case to oppose their merger. This action served to keep the case open indefinitely. MR. MARTIN'S FOLLOW-UP speech presents arguments that four major railroad systems in the northeastern U.S. will offer the best service to the public, the most competition among the carriers and the greatest stability for all. The four systems would be built around the New York Central with Boston & Maine, the Pennsylvania divested of its Wabash holdings, the Chesapeake & Ohio merged with Baltimore & Ohio, and finally the Norfolk and Western merged with Nickel Plate, Wabash, New York, New Haven and Hartford. Inclusion of the New Haven—now in receivership—came as a complete surprise to railroad management. It is justified on the grounds that New Haven has good connections at Maybrook Junction, N.Y., with Erie-Lackawanna, which would also have to be included in this system, not NYC. The theory is that if the Penn-Central merger were approved there would be only three systems in the east. Penn-Central would dominate the other two. if they could not compete, all would have to be merged into one system, which, would create a transportation monopoly. WITH FOUR SYSTEMS IN operation, if any of them could not make a go of it, there could be mergers into two systems, which would still provide competition. The desire to create a fourth strong system is believed to have influenced the administration's decision to approve the B&O-C&O merger. This was a complete reversal of the administration's position last March. Department of Justice was then considering court action to block ICC approval. Mr. Martin declared that the four- system plans effect on employment was fully considered. But Railway Labor Executives Assn. chairman G. E. Leighty backs the government's disapproval of the Penn-Central merger while condemning its new approval of the B&O-C&O and other mergers. Railway labor is backing bills in Congress to ban all mergers. But since the death of Sen. Estes Kefauver, D-Tenn., a principal sponsor, passage is uncertain. TO RAILWAY MANAGEMENT, the Interagency Committee under Mr. Martin is a group of young, eager-beaver boys with no experience in transportation. Other members are Asst. Atty. Gen. Orrick, Asst. Labor Sec. James J. Reynolds, Dr. John P. Lewis of the Council of Economic Advisers and E. Barrett Prettyman Jr., of the White House staff. Its technical experts are Commerce Department career transportation men. But this committee is going to be of increasing importance in Washington. Its creation was first announced in President Kennedy's transportation message to Congress. Since the legislation he asked for is bogged down, it is apparent that more emphasis will be put on administration action. To railroad management, the saving grace in this situation is that the Interstate Commerce Commission doesn't have to pay any attention to Interagency Committee recommendations. If ICC turns them down, the administration would have to take its case to court in opposition to the established agency which now has legal authority to make the decisions. EDMUND VALTMAN. HARTFORD TIMI The Almanac By united Preii iMfnatiMitl Today Is Thursday, Oct. M, the 290th day of IMS with 78 to follow. The moon It new. The morning star Is Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1777, British Gen. John Burgoyne surrendered his fore* es to the Americans at Saratoga, N.Y., in one of the great turning points of the American Evolution. In 1931, bootlegger and rack' eteer Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion by a federal court in Chicago and sentenced to 11 years in prison and fined $50,000. In 1933, Dr. Albert Einstein, a refugee from Nazi Germany, arrived in the United States and established residence in Princeton, N.J. In 1945, Juan Peron staged a surprise coup and overthrew the Qalesbur, Register TELEPHONE NUtUifR • m¥ M »u snemiate m-stti. H. H. CUy...~....Mtn>Hn« mtof National Advertising Mpresenta* live wara-Otittlth Company!IneoJ* aerated. New Vet*. c%aa>. Da- fruit, Boat on. Atlanta,!Baa. Fran, etaco, Lot Aaialaa. Philadelphia, Charlotte. ^ CIRCULATIONS MKMBBM AS8UC1A I'BLt PRESS The Associated Pratt la entitled at* cluatvely to the uae at republication of aU the local newt printed in this newspaper at weU aa all AP new rtispatcnee By RFD Mail ttMAMf ftttJf tMitaf i year 610* • Moats*** I Montna I a« t Matti HJB Littap9ffsHMstaiiflM| . jutf^^^^A in towns wraralKer^aa^agflthed No Miail eut JI tawae wt»Mt..-^ ; -^._— newspaper bay eMlrftfy By carrier iaj *M outatde Ctty • .ratal) trading Iowa Mad Mia! |db§USA guyu ^k^ ^tam ai aaaa By mail outside.ratal) Bona in Miaou, aouri and b» ratal) trading ,a»»f team By man mijatda UUaam and MMeeufi i year fw.op i Months tjoa s Montna | ».so I Monta S JO government of Argentina, thus becoming the country's dictator. A thought for the day—Dr. Albert Einstein said: "As long as there are sovereign nations possessing great power, war is inevitable." Now You Know By United Press International Banks, credit unions, finance companies and other loan groups advanced $18 billion credit for the purchase of cars in 1982, according to the Automobile Manufacturers Association. Some Records That Need to Be Set Straight By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON — Mixing metaphors, Sen. Steve Young lashed out the other day at a "low down skunk" who stood "lower than a snake's tail in a wagon rut." The good Ohioan was referring to my able young associate, Bill Schulz, who had committed an unpardonable sin. He had questioned the ethical standards of John Fitzgerald Kennedy's grandfather. It was not the first time those standards had been questioned. The House of Representatives, on Oct. 13, 1919, expelled John Francis Fitzgerald for election fraud. That "Honey Fitz" was a colorful politician of the old school is not denied. That "Honey Fitz" was simon pure is denied by competent historians. WHAT touched off Sen. Young's blast was an article in "Human Events" by Mr. Schulz, who revealed that the United States Information Agency was distributing around the globe millions of copies, gratis, of the John Kennedy Comic Book. The multi-colored tract, designed to win friends and influence half-wits, is replete with factual errors. The little boy who would grow up one day to be President is shown at Granddaddy's knee, in the Boston City Hall, learning "much about life, government and statesmanship." Actually, John Kennedy was not yet born when Honey Fitz toiled as mayor. Another panel says Honey Fitz "once served as Mayor of Boston and later as a U.S. Congressman." Actually, Honey Fitz served three terms in Congress before he was elected Mayor. It was the fourth term that USIA historians would have you forget. Honey Fitz returned to Congress for his fourth term in early 1919, clutching in his hand the official certificate of election. Close on his heels was Democrat Peter Tague, whom Honey Fitz claimed to have defeated by 50 votes. Tague insisted the election had been rigged. A SPECIAL committee of the House investigated Tague's claim and found that Honey Fitz had won thanks to "fraudulent votes of the liquor dealers, bartenders and city jobholders illegally registered in (one) ward and the padded returns of alleged residents in the cheap lodging houses." It recommended Honey Fitz be denied a seat in Congress. The House of Representatives agreed and Honey Fitz was sent packing Oct. 13, 1919. Disclosures of all this greatly angered Young, who wrote to a curious constituent: "You may tell the v lunatic right wing author of the statement regarding President Kennedy's grandfather being kicked out of Congress that in the first place he is a liar. In the second instance, those who write such trash in Human Events are lower than a snake's tail in a wagon rut. . . . Those radical right wingers are not only low down skunks, but in addition it is evident they are lacking in arguments against President Kennedy." Note: John Cutler carefully researched Honey Fritz' record as Mayor of Boston. In his friendly biography, Cutler writes that Honey Fitz' superintendent of sewers was a whitewasher who delivered all important votes. A SALOON KEEPER displaced a physician on the Board of Health. The wire commissioner ran a saloon. So did the superintendent of public buildings. Before Honey, Fitz, there was no city dermatologist, a $4,000- FINDING THE WAY Power of Right Words By RALPH W. LOEW, D. D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Beetles form the largest single order in the whole animal kingdom: 250,000 species have been described. Twenty-two thousand of these inhabit the United States. Beetles have two sets of wings, a horny pair in front which close over and protect the filmy pair in back. (p> Encyclopaedia Britannlca . THESE HAVE BEEN days of the eruption of emotions. Students have rioted in cities as various as Saigon and Washington; demonstrations have filled many an avenue, and there are sounds which fill the air. Among these are some amazing records of religious ecstasy. There is an ancient history of men who could "speak in tongues," referred to by Plato, by St. Paul as well as by numbers of observers in our own time. There is even a caption for the practice, namely "glos- salalia." It simply means that a person sharing in a form of worship might begin to speak in words and language forms which are not intelligible. It is as though a normal language structure had been scrambled so there seems to be form and not babbling. Yet it does not communicate. All of which leaves one wondering why people should be interested in unintelligible utterances in a time when there is a Nation's Best Teacher By REEF WALDREP, Macomb Maybe the dishwasher breaks down — and there Is unhappiness in my home. Maybe I have a carton of cigarettes at 10 p.m. —and not a match in the house. REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Friday, Oct. 17, 1913 George Clark of Knoxvilie was elected president of the Knox County Agriculture Board at the organization's annual meeting. At the ice cream social held at Lincoln School more than $100 was raised from the sale of ice cream and cake. TWENTY YEARS AGO Sunday, Oct. 17, 1943 Not only the season's lowest temperature, but the first freezing reading was recorded in Galesburg when the mercury dropped to 27 degrees. The 90th anniversary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Wataga was observed in three services. Maybe I pull the rope off my power mower at 5 p.m. on Saturday afternoon — and the grass is knee-high. That is peanut trouble compared to hopping out of bed, rushing to the door to get the morning paper off the step to go with my morning coffee. And the boy is a few minutes late. . . . I READ in a novel a few years back about how millions of commuters are driving home from work — headed toward a home in the suburbs and a wait' ing wife holding a shaker of martinis. That martini may be waiting —but there's no doubt but the little wife had better have the afternoon paper close by that easy chair. All this is born of the realization that this is newspaper week. I have been teaching school many years — all grades and all levels — in several states. I have never found a good student who came from a home where there were no newspapers. I will guarantee you too that if a martini is waiting, the paper will be waiting — for the (Continued on page 12) greater need to understand the decipherable 3,000 languages which are used by mankind! THOSE WHO defend the practice insist that this is a gift of God's power in our own time. In a time when so much religion is confused with material procedures or when church membership is regarded as belonging instead of becoming, there could be some excitement about this assertion. We might err in dismissing these modern speakers as being "filled with new wine," as men in the First Century brushed them off. Yet it was St. Paul who told the Christians at Corinth that if a man wished to speak to God in .such an unintelligible tongue it would be all right. If he was speaking to his fellows, that was another matter. "The speaker in a tongue builds up his own soul, but the preacher builds up the Church of God . . . Unless you make intelligible sounds with your tongue, how can anyone know what you are talking about? You might as well be talking to an empty room. I would rather speak five words with my mind than ten thousand words in a tongue which nobody understands." YOU MAY NOT have been tempted to use glossalalia, but the problem of speaking in unintelligible sounds is still a problem. In these days when a-year post filled by the unqualified son of Ward Six' longtime Democratic leader. Five local politicians became public veterinarians. Bartenders and undertakers were among the 11 new deputy tax collectors. Reformers uncovered vast corruption in Honey Fitz' Department of Weights and Measures. Officials of the department, which had prosecuted only one case in four years,, took payoffs from cobblestone peddlers and industrial tycoons. Wrote muckraker Lincoln Steffens: "Beginning at the bottom, where peddlers are allowed to use short weights because of political pull, laborers and clerks are given jobs for political reasons, coming up to contracts by city officials to themselves, (corruption) extends to the Public Service Corp., which uses city 'officials to do its private work, and up finally into the region of big business." Copyright 1963 social protest is important, it is essential that we do more than sound off. We need to speak up, to call to attention and to become the trumpet sounding with a clear bugle call. Words are still important. The right words have solved problems, soothed nations, quieted mobs, disturbed consciences, shared love and called men to their best selves. Those who have used glos­ salalia say something some of us don't understand. Their contribution to the current scene is in insisting that God's power is alive now. Indeed so! That power is vital enough to help us say the right word at the right time to the right people and to match that word with the clarity of our lives. That's important in every area of life. Illinois Tax Facts By MAURICE W. SCOTT, Executive Secretary Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois SPRINGFIELD — A question which many county officials want the panel of experts to discuss at the Taxpayers' Federation of Illinois' 8th Biennial Tax Clinic, Oct. 30, deals with a bill passed by the last General Assembly which requires publication of changes in assessments made by the Board of Review. UNDER the provisions of this bill (House Bill 913), the Board of Review shall make a complete list, by township if the county is so organized, of all changes in assessments made by the Board of Review during its annual meeting held prior to the adjournment date. Such list shall contain all changes concerning assessments of both real and personal property. In addition, the list shall show the amount of the assessment as it appeared prior to its being act- continued on page 12) Crossword Puzzzle Anawar to Prevtotra Punt* Hodgepodge Gems of Thought CHARITY Charity is a virtue of the heart, and not of the hands. —Joseph Addison A little thought and a little kindness are often worth more than a great deal of money. —John Ruskin Charity is quite as rare as wisdom, but when charity does appear, it is known by its patience and endurance. —Mary Baker Eddy This only is charity, to do all, all that we can. —John Donne Be charitable and indulgent to every one but thyself. —Joubert Charity is indeed a noble and beautiful virtue, grateful to man, and approved by God. But charity must be built on justice. •-•Henry George ACROSS 1 Natural course of things 6 Unnatural course of things 9 O'Shanter 12 Bulwer-Lytton hero S3 Biblical character 14 Seraglio room 13 Pugnacious 17 Gibbon 118 Genuflected IB Bank workers 21 Diminutive suffix 23 Pitch 24 Paid notices 27AssisU 28 Italian building 92 SeU in small lot* 84 Medical tern 36 Female name- 87Paca, for instance 88 Light (slang) 39 Raced 41 Dower property 42 Morning moisture S Fruit drinks Tendereet 48 Burst of thouta S3 Island (Fr.) 64 Soft fabrics WLegH point 8TLove god „ WPraeent wonts) (ab.) 69 Dawn goddess 60 Skating place 61 Baseball cluhl DOWN ,1 Engine of 2 Metal 3 Domesticated 4 Single-foot 6 Entangle 6 Redacted 7 Hoard 8 Small fish 9 Put up with 10 Hebrew month 11 Planet 16 Compasa 20 Lashed 22 Ceramic pieces 98 Pointed a 24 Arid regions missile 25 Retired valley 85 Diffident 26 Sedateness 40 Sponsor 28 Biblical name 43 Unit of 30 Chinese (comb, magnetic flu* form) (elec.) 81 Parts of plays 48 Master (Hindu) r i 3 1 n 1 IS I* 46 Brilliancy 47 Bread spread 48 Hindu gaimajj 60 Feminine appellation 61 Highly 62 Hops' Ulna 68 Request TT NlWlfttlfl nRWSHI AM*

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