Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 17, 1963 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Thursday, October 17, 1963
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Rome Paptf of 70 Communities QaHeshwg Register-Mail Weather Strip Brown Thundershowers Likely Tonight and Friday, Continued Warm, Humid A Better Newipaper VOLUME LXXII — 245 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Fresh Troops Assigned to Desert Fight ALGIERS, Algeria (UPI)— Algerian and Morocco troops today fought their fourth day of battles for control of the Sahara Desert border outposts of Tinnjoub and Hassi Beida. Military authorities at the western Algerian border town of Colomb Bechar said 50,000 Army Checks On Defections Of Americans BERLIN (UPI)-The U.S. Army today investigated the fifth reported defection of an American soldier to East Germany Within seven days. The East German news agency ADN said Wednesday night Pvt. Frank Barton, 22, of the 6th Missile Battalion, 517th Artillery, stationed at Giessen, West Germany, had asked political asylum. The Communist agency noted Barton was the second soldier from the same missile unit to defect recently. It did not say where or when he entered the East. An Army spokesman said Barton, whose mother, Mrs. Annette Barton lies in Los Angeles, Calif., has been listed as absent without leave from Giessen since Aug. 30. It appeared Barton went AWOL with Pvt. Gary T. Martzke, 25, of Highland, Mich., whose defection to the East was claimed by ADN Monday night, the spokesman said. The two soldiers were known to be ^Jr ^gds,, he sajd ; ( Apart from the personal nnfc between Barton and Martzke, there was no apparent connection between any of the other defections claimed by ADN since Oct. 9, the spokesman said. army reinforcements were on their way to join troops fighting royal Moroccan forces in the combat zone 250 miles to thes outhwest. Reports from both nations said the fighting wt» continuing for the fourth consecutive day. Both Claim Victory Both sides claimed today that their troops held the outposts. Algeria and Morocco both say the poorly defined border area as part of their own territory. Algerian President Ahmed Ben Bella, wearing a combat uniform, went before his wildly cheering parliament Wednesday night to demand an all-out effort, and order the members of parliament to go to the front. The parliamentarians, most of them in army fatigues, roared their approval and unanimously voted an indefinite recess. Talks Continue Ben Bella also ordered his two special emissaries in Morocco to continue peace talks with the government of King Hassan II. Mohammed Yazid and Maj. Slimane Hoffman, the Algerian envoys, met with Moroccan officials Wednesday night but reported no progress. Morocco charged Wednesday that an Algerian plane bombed the tiny Moroccan village of Ksar-Zelmou west of Colomb- bechar, killing men, women and children. The Algerian defense ministry denied the charges. Two Britons. Australian Win Awards STOCKHOLM, Sweden (AP) —The 1983 Uobel Prize for medicine was awarded jointly today to two Britons — Alan Lloyd Hodgkin of Cambridge and Andrew Fielding Huxley of University College, London — and an Australian, Sir John Carew Accles of Canberra. The prize amount this year is a record-high 265,000 Swedish crowns ($51,158). The trio was cited by the awarding college of professors of Sweden's Royal Caroline Institute of Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane." O'Hare Tower Control Is Named 'Best' DALLAS (AP) - Chicago's O'Hare International Airport control tower was named the outstanding facility in the nation by the Air Traffic Control Association Wednesday night. George Niles, chief controller at O'Hare tower, accepted the award, which is sponsored by the Air Transport Association of America. O'Hare tower has pioneered the use of side - by - side approaches for landing on parallel runways under instrument flight rules during poor weather conditions. It is the world's busiest air traffic control facility. Niles said more than 430,000 takeoffs and landings were handled in 1962. Defense Department Ready SEfr-Reduce Military Costs Astronaut Gives Up Commission to Join Space Staff HOUSTON (UPI) - Maj. Donald K. (Deke) Slayton, 39, whose "grossly irregular" heartbeat made him the only original U.S. Mercury astronaut never to make a space flight, has given up his Air Force career. He will continue with the national space agency as a civilian. "Maj. Slayton feels that in a civilian capacity, he can better carry out his supervisory activities," a spokesman for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said. Slayton said in his letter of resignation from the Air Force that he felt that as a civilian, he can participate in selection of flight crews without the possibility of appearance of partiality towards any one branch of the service. He asked that the resignation be made effective Nov. 20, giving proper time for processing of his records. Slayton will then be appointed a civilian astronaut and coordinator of astronaut affairs through civil service. He will be the third civilian astronaut among America's first 16 chosen for space. The others are former civilian test pilots Neil Armstrong Jr. and Elliot See. "Being a civilian gives Slayton a sense of permanan- cy," the NASA spokesman said. "It means that he will not just be assigned here as an Air Force officer, but will be here with us permanently." WASHINGTON (UPI)—The Defense Department is preparing to slash Army weapons purchases and stretch out Navy ship construction in the new military budget that goes to Congress in January, it was learned today. Other money-saving moves under study by Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara and his top associates include reductions in military manpower and continued thinning out of support troops overseas. The Army is trying to resist a cut of 15,000 men, originally authorized by McNamara as a temporary complement to test a new type air assault division. Firm orders have gone to the Pentagon as well as to other government departments to tighten up on spending, particularly in view of the reduced federal revenues expected next year if the administration's $11 billion tax cut bill is enacted. Under this stimulus, defense officials have redoubled their efforts to hold next year's budget at least to this year's level and possibly to reduce it somewhat. It will be no easy chore to reverse quickly the upward spiral of defense spending set in mbtion in 1961. Outlays have risen from $41.5 billion in the Eisenhower administration' s last year to an estimated $51 billion for the current fiscal year which ends next June 30. Over the long pull, however, some officials believe a substantial cut can be made without impairing combat strength or commitments to allies around the globe. RESIGNS—Maj. Donald K. (Deke) Slayton, 39, is giving up his Air Force career to join the National Space Agency as a civilian employe in practically the same capacity he now holds. UNIFAX Trous§eau Costly CHERTSEY, England (UPI)Elaine Walter, 19, was fined $140 Wednesday for stealing 85 items from the underwear shop she managed to make up her wedding trousseau. Satellites Race Through Space on Secret Mission • Seeking Way To Check on Explosions CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — Two sentry satellites raced through spare today on a secrecy-cloaked mission aimed at perfecting a foolproof means of policing the limited nuclear test ban treaty. Their assignment: Determine the feasibility of using satellite- borne instruments to detect nuclear explosions as far as 200 million miles from earth. The treaty forbids such blasts in outer space. Intricate devices in the twin satellites were designed to draw a chart of space radiation so they and later sentinels can immediately spot any sudden surge of energy from a far-out explosion. Takes Days Because of a complex flight pattern intended to place the two satellites into widely - separated, 57,000-mile-high orbits, officials will not know until Saturday whether the early phase of the mission is completely successful. No official announcement is expected on the operation, known by the code name Vela Hotel. No reason was given for the news blackout, but unofficially it was reported the United States did not want to be embarrassed by indicating to the Soviets that it did not trust them to adhere to the test ban treaty. Newsmen Alerted Despite the secrecy, newsmen were alerted by sources and watched from nearby beaches when the Atlas - Agena booster rocket blasted off at 9:32 Wednesday night with the two satellites aboard. Reliable sources reported the satellites had separated and settled into great egg-shaped orbits ranging from 230 to 57,000 miles above the earth. As the space messengers streaked up­ ward, they were about 20 miles apart. Under the flight plan, at 3:22 p.m. Eastern Standard Time today — a rocket engine aboard satellite No. 1 fires to kick it into a circular orbit where both the high and low points of the orbit are 57,000 miles. No. 2 continues in the original elliptical path for an additional 37 hours until it reaches the 57,000-mile altitude for the second time. Here an on-board rocket ignites to jockey it into a circular path. By this time, the two vehicles will be separated by about 100,000 miles. Provide Safeguard Two widely - separated satellites provide a safeguard against a false alarm which HISTORICAL RIDE — President Tito of Yugoslavia stopped over in Williamsburg, Va., for a bit of historical sightseeing prior to his departure this morning for Washington and a conference with President Kennedy. He had flown in from Mexico City Wednesday. While Tito was taking a carriage ride on Duke of Gloucester St., with a few city officials, several boys rode bicycles beside his vehicle so as to get a better look at the visitor. UNIFAX Jury Indicts 2 On Charge of Stealing Grain OTTAWA, 111. (AP)-The La Salle County Grand Jury has indicted two men on a charge of stealing 1,400 bushels of grain from farms in northern Illinois. Named in the indictment Wednesday were Kenneth Suhr of Rock Island and Herbert F. Welch of St. Joseph, Mo. The indictment charges the thefts occurred in the Mendota area. Douglas Has Doubts About Tax Cut Bill WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen. Paul H. Douglas, D-Ill., says he's finding it difficult to support the $11 billion tax cut bill with most of the proposed revenue-raising provisions dropped. Illinois' other senator, Everett Dirksen, is opposed to the measure. "If it gets any worse, I will not be able to support it," the senator declared Wednesday as the Senate Finance Committee heard testimony from treasury secretary Douglas Dillon. Douglas questioned Dillon about the tax cut bill, and the secretary said that 20 taxpayers with incomes of $500,000 or more paid "not one cent of taxes" last year and that five of these had incomes of $5 million or more. Dillon noted that this is because of unlimited deductions permitted for high-income individuals' charitable contributions. Douglas said a total of $16 billion of income in capital gains and oil and gas depletion benefit areas escaped taxes or enjoyed sharply reduced rates. The secretary said the figures seemed correct. Said the senator: "It is not enough to call these loopholes. These are truckholes." f Poodle Unemployed LONDON (UPI) - An "intelligent and experienced secretary" advertised in the Times of London for a job "where a quiet poodle could sit at her feet." 1 Pickets Let Tito Know He Is Unwanted WASHINGTON (AP) - The White House visit of President Tito of Yugoslavia drew protests today from scores of pickets who carried signs labeling Tito as a murderer and dictator. Tito arrived for a one-day business call at the White House and was not to receive the usual formalities accorded a chief of state from a foreign land. There have been scores of protests to his Washington visit, including a speech by Rep. Robert T. McLoskey, Monmouth (111.), on the floor of the House this week. McLoskey mentioned that an overnight stay at Blair House had been canceled and his visit to the White House restricted to slightly over five hours. The congressman added, "The red dictator has been successful in bilking $2.3 billion out of American taxpayers since the end of World War II." The pickets, who described themselves as Americans of Serbian and Croatian descent, marched slowly up and down the Pennsylvania Avenue sidewalk in front of the White House. Police were on hand but there was no trouble. The pickets came from Cleveland, Chicago, Philadelphia, New York, Milwaukee and Pittsburgh. One group carrying American and Croatian flags, represented the Croatian Liberation movement. A second delegation led by Bishop Donisije of the Serbian Eastern Orthodox Church carried the banner of the Serbian National Defense Council of America. Bishop Dionisije is from Libertyville, 111. Signs carried by the pickets bore such legends as: "Tito go to hell," "JFK- Watch your wallet, Tito's coming," "Helping Tito is helping communism," "Tito — murderer," "Tito is Red dictator" and "Tito is an assassin." Before going to the White House, some members of the Serbian group went to Arlington National Cemetery and placed a wreath on the graves of several American Air Force men shot down over Yugoslavia in 1946. Person Steals 750 Pounds of Small Change SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - Police are looking for a person with a heavy crime on his mind —someone stole 750 pounds of dimes, nickels and pennies from a parking meter collection truck. No one knows exactly how much 750 pounds of coins comes to. As a parking meter collections employe at city hall pointed out, "we calculate only in pounds. Money has no monetary value to us." Pastors Move To Arbitrate Differences By United Press International A group of Negro ministers in Birmingham, Ala., Wednesday made a move to settle the city's latest racial controversy by conference rather than ultimatum. The Birmingham Baptist Minister's Conference, an organization of about 200 Negro clergymen, urged city council to demonstrate "responsibility, fair play and meaningful faith" with the Negro community by hiring Negro police and firemen and opening other city jobs to Negroes. The ministers' statement set no deadline for the police force desegregation as was put forth last week in an ultimatum by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Differ With King The statement apparently was an olive-branch gesture by some Negro leaders to head off resumption of huge street demonstrations similar to those which last spring resulted in more than 2,500 arrests. King, who led the earlier demonstrations, demanded t h e hiring of 25 Negro policemen by next Tuesday — a demand Mayor Albert Boutwell has flatly rejected. King vowed to lead more demonstrations if the deadline is not set. "The conference table should be made more attractive than the streets for trying to make civic adjustments," the ministers said. could be triggered by a cosmic W ray shower or a radiation flare w on the sun. Scientists consider it unlikely that such phenomena could strike two well - spaced satellites at the same instant, • but that's something project Vela Hotel aims to learn. Vela Hotel is a segment of a three-part program designed to police the nuclear test ban treaty, which outlaws all nuclear tests except underground detonations. The others are Vela Sierra for detecting blasts in the atmosphere and Vela Uniform to monitor underground blasts. Peking Foes Embarrassing • Soviet Union W UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP)—U.N. Assembly debate on the annual proposal to admit ^ * Communist China has taken an embarrassing turn for the So- iet Union. Peking's foes are concentrating on the dispute between the Communist giants. Nationalist China's Liu Chieh W set the tone Wednesday, saying • Peking's warlike stand in the ideological dispute provided am- . pie proof that the U.N. should ^Mf keep the Chinese Reds out. • The Soviets, who are giving token support to Peking's bid w _ for admission, sat glumly as Liu quoted from various Soviet ™ publications which he said contained Kremlin admissions that the Red Chinese regime "is ag- W gressive and predatory." For the first time since the annual Chinese issue came be- mm fore the U.N., the Soviets and ^ Soviet bloc delegates remained in their seats when the Nationalist delegate spoke. Only Albania, now a Peking satellite, and Mongolia left the hall. Albania took the Soviet bloc by surprise this year when it proposed that Red China replace Chiang Kai-shek's regime. In the U.N. the Soviets have always sponsored the Chinese bid in the past and despite their differences still insist Peking should be admitted as a matter of principle. U.S. Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson pinpointed Red China's opposition to Premier Khrushchev's peaceful coexistence policy—one of the main issues in the Moscow-Peking dispute—as evidence that the U.N. should keep the door closed. Nominee Turns Down High Post Under Orders LOS ANGELES (UPI)-Marvin Chandler, president of the 'ff Northern Illinois Gas Co., Aurora, 111., took his doctor's advice and declined the presidency of the American Gas Association. Even though he had been the nominee, he stepped aside and Ed Parks, president of the United Gas Corp., Shreveport, La., was elected president Wednesday. Chandler, who recently suffered a heart attack, was reelected first vice president of the association. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 30 PAGES Abingdon .._ 25 Amusement 6 Kuiihiidl . 6 Classified Ads 28-29 Coinics-TV-Radio 26 Editorial - 4 Food Section 20-23 Galva 6 Hospital Notes 6 Knoxville 25 Markets— 24 Monmouth 19 Obituary 27 Sports 16-17-18 Weather - 2 Women in the News — 8 - 9

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