The Daily Register from Harrisburg, Illinois on April 12, 1945 · Page 9
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The Daily Register from Harrisburg, Illinois · Page 9

Harrisburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 12, 1945
Page 9
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Extra THE REGISTER Published Continuously Since 1915 THE DAILY REGISTER, HARRISBURG, ILL., TftUKSDAY, A PHIL 12, 1945 NKVV- SKIUKS, VOLUME 30, NO. 242 Chieftain Orders San Francisco Parley to Be Held As Scheduled « By LYLE C. WILSON United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, April 12 -- (UP) -- President Roosevelt died of cerebral hemorrhage today at jftarm Springs, Ga., and Vice President Harry S. Truman was sworn here to succeed him, becoming the 32nd president of the United States. Mr. Roosevelt was 63 years old, tired by the burdens of a war presidency. Mr. Truman will be 61 years old May 8 of this year. Truman authorized Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., to proceed with the United Nations Security conference at San Francisco "as scheduled." wr. Roosevelt was to have addressed the opening session on April 25. Stettinius then announced that the conference would be held as scheduled. SWORN IN BY STONE 4fc Mr. Roosevelt died at 3:35 p. m. CWT. The new President was sworn at 6:08 p. m. CWT. Mr. Roosevelt had served 12 years, one month and eight days of the unprecedented four terms to which he had beec, elected. Mr. Truman had served as vice president since a iJew months after noon, EWT, last Jan. 20. The oath was administered to Mr. Truman by Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone in a brief ceremony in the cabinet room of the White' House. Witnesses^includetl.tlie Cabinet, whom the new President asked to remain in office, and other top ranking- government officials. Truman picked up a Bible resting; on the end of the big conference table, held it with one hand, and placed his right hand on top while Justice Stone pronounced the oath l^rom memory. Truman repeated the oath, after him. Justice Stone pressed his hand. MRS. T R U M A N PRESENT v Members of the 'Cabinet were flanked around Truman Rnd the Justice during the ceremony, \vhich took no more than a minute. Standing behind Truman was his wife, whose eyes were tear stained. The new President wore a gray striped, double-breasted white shirt and blue and white polka dot bow tie. Prior to the oath taking, Truman sat in one of the overstuffed leather chairs in the cabinet rtxm conversing with various members of the Cabinet and other officials. U. S. 9th Army Storms Across The Elba River Yanks Open Way for Full-Scale Drive For German Capital By BOYD D. LEWIS PARIS, April 12-- UR-- American Ninth Army tanks smashed through the Elbe river defenses today, striking into the last 50 miles before Berlin, and Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's Third Army splintered Germany's 'east front supply lines with a 46-mile dash xr Halle and Leipzig. Elements of the Ninth Army's iecond "Hell on Wheels" Armored Division stormed across the Elbe at an unspecified point near the fortress city of Magdeburg,. 60 miles west of Berlin. Open Way for Drive First reports indicated the Americans may have captured intact one of the six, Elbe bridges in the Magdeburg area, opening the way for a full-scale armored drive into the doomed German capital. The Ninth Army troops spurlcc 55 miles through the weakest enemy opposition to reach the Elbe late yesterday, a pace if it were continued would threaten to carry their battle flags into Berlin by mghtfajl. ^. i(t _ .;,.;·/,.:... · " ., ;...;. The slashing 'drive '"across Berlin's late western water barrier raised the imminent: threat of disaster for perhaps 1,000,000 Germans facing the Red Army along the Oder river line 117 miles to the oast. Cut Nazi Escape Routes Four more Ninth Army divisions were crowding on the heels of the Second Armored Division, ready to swing across the Elbe and break into the rear of the Germans' Oder river defenses. Simultaneously, Patton's charging Third Army tanks were cutting across the German escape routes south of Berlin against equally disorganized opposition. American reconnaissance fliers reported sighting Patton's tanks at Halle, 77 miles south of Berlin m , , , , j. , . 1A . , . , and 15 miles northwest Of the lAg The ceremony was held up for about 10 minutes pend- communications center of Leipzig the arrival of Mrs. Truman at the White House. TimTM, the Third Armv wmiin h* Members of the White House staff--secretaries and FRANKLIN DELANO KOQSEVELT, 31st President of the United Stales, who died suddenly today after spending more than 12 strenuous years as the nation's leader. ' ' Says 'Sorry For Country' stenographers--some of them with tear stained eyes, stood silently in the three doorways of the Cabinet room and watched President Roosevelt's successor sworn in. fUNERAL SATURDAY Mr. Roosevelt's funeral will be held Saturday afternoon in.,the great East Room of the White House. There the late President has appeared on countless occasions to greet guests before his formal state dinners and met with them later %r music. He will be buried Sunday afternoon at Hyde Park--the place on the banks of the Hudson he really loved. The dearest role to Franklin Delano Roosevelt was that of country squire. 9 There will be no successor as vice president to Mr. Truman. In the event of his death a statute provides that he would be succeeded by the Secretary of State, in this instance Stettinius. Mr. Roosevelt died in a peaceful rural scene. Comdr. iJToward G. Bruenn, a Navy doctor who was with him, said the President was "in excellent spirits" at 9:30 a. m., CWT today in Warm Springs. DIE 11 WITHOUT PAIN Shortly before 1 p. m., the President was sitting for sketches. He suddenly complained of what Command- There, the Third Army would barely 90 miles from a juncture with the Russians. Rigid Blackout Patton's Fourth and Sixth Arm- (Continued on Page Two) (Continued on Page Eight) Hoover Sovs New President Will Have Country's Backing NEW YORK, April 12--feP-- Former President Herbert Hoover said today that the' new President of the United States will have the backing of the country and "while we mourn Mr. Roosevelt's death, we shall march forward." Hoover said in a statement: "The nation sorrows at the passing of its President. Whatever differences there may have been, they end in the regrets of death. It is fortunate that in this great crisis of war our armies and navies are under such magnificent leadershio that we shall not hesitate. While we mourn Mr. Roosevelt's death, we shall march forward." WASHINGTON, April 12.--U'Hi Mrs. Franklin I). Roosevelt's first words when she learned t h i s afternoon t h a t (he President was dead were: "T am more sorry for the people of the country and the world than I am for us." She was talking to White House Secretary Stephen T. Early and i Vice Adm. Ross T. Mclnlire, the | President's physician. : Early told how the news, flashed from Warm Springs, was broken to I the First Lady. She was a t t e n d i n g a ''Thrift Club" meeting at the Sulgra-ye club here. Early t e l e p h o n e d ' h e r ' a n d asked her to return to the W h i t e House as soon as possible. "The Admiral and I went to her sitting room," he said, "and told Gov. Thos. Dewey Sends Telegram To Mrs. Roosevelt ALBANY, April 12--(ir.D-- Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, 1944 Republican presidential nominee, said late today that President. Roosevelt's death will be "mourned by all of the freedom loving people of the entire world." Dewey sent the following telegram to Mrs. Roosevelt at the White House: "Please accept our deepest sympathy in your great loss which will be shared by every American and mourned by all of the freedom loving people of the entire world." The message was signed "Governor and Mrs. Thomas E. Dewey." FDR 31st President, But 32 Separate Spans WASHINGTON, April 12--U.P.)_ Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 31st man to be President of the United States but there were 32 her that the President had slipped j separate spans of office. The discrepancy lies in the fact that Grover Cleveland held two non-consecutive terms. He was away. That is when Mrs. Roosevelt expressed her sorrow for the country and the world. President from 1885 to 1889, was _· .. ,, . , , , succeeded by Benjamin Harrison,' Early then telephoned Vice, and lhen returned to another four . President Harry S. Truman and asked him to come .io Uie White House. Truman arrived in 10 minutes and was ushered to Mrs. Roosevelt. She told him the President had "passed away." "What can I do?" Truman asked her. "Tell us what we can do," Mrs. Roosevelt replied. "Is-there any j way we can help you?" i year term in 1893. FDR's Last Words WARM SPRINGS, Ga., April 12 _UiE)_«I have a terrific headache," were President Roosevelt's last words. He said them as he sat before the broad living room fireplace in the "Little White House" here. He was reading official papers which Early said it was then suggested had been sent from Washington ; earlier in the day. An artist was sketching him. (Continued on Page Eight) Gels Staggering News of DeaJh By P H I L AULT United Pn-ss Staff Correspondent LONDON, Friday, A p r i l i:t (U.R) --Great B r i t a i n received I he news of President Hoasc veil's d e a t h shortly before m i d n i g h t as a shock of staggering degree from Prime M i n i s l e r W i n s t o n C h u r c h i l l ' s en towage to the man in the si reel. The B r i t i s h public heard the news first in (he m i d n i g h t news broadcast of the B r i t i s h Broadcasting Corporation and w i t h i n :i few moments shocked B r i t o n s were telephoning t h e United Press for c o n f i r m a t i o n . American officers and enlisted men in the west end night life district were among the first to telephone. Churchill Notified The first enemy broadcast of the news was given by the Uennan official DNB agency at 12:05 a. in. DNB broadcast the news w i t h out comment under an Amsterdam dateline, quoting a broadcast of the British Information Service. The United Press telephoned the news to Prime' Minister Winston Churchill's office shortly before midnight. "Good Lord!" the Prime Minister's secretary exclaimed, horrified. He said he would telephone the Prime Minister at once. He added that Churchill might make no public statement u n t i l he told the news to the House of Commons, to which he is officially re- (Continued on Page Two) Succumbs Swiftly to Cerebral Hemorrhage at 3:35; Had Not Been By MERRIMAN SMITH United Press Staff Correspondent WARM SPRINGS, Ga., April 12--(UP)--Franklin D. Roosevelt, president for 12 of the most momentous years in this country's history, died suddenly at 3:35 p. m. (CWT) today in a small room in the "Little White House" here. Mr. Roosevelt had been in Warm Springs-which he liked to call his "second home"--since March 30. The week preceding he had spent in his home in Hyde Park, N. Y. He was G:? years of aye and had served as President longer than any othor American. A N N O U N C E D AT WHITE HOUSE W i t h the President; at the time of his death of cerebral iK'inoiTliHg'e was Comdr. Howard G. Bix-unu ami Vice Adm. Ross T. Mflnlyro. the president's personal physician. News of Mr. Roosevelt's d e a t h came from Secretary Will i a m 1). llassett. He called in three press association reporters who had accompanied the President here and said: "It is my sad d u t y to i n f o r m von that the President it :!:,'J5 (CWT) of a cerebral hemorrhage." S i m u l t a n e o u s l y the news was telephoned to the louse in Washington and announced there too. EFFECT ON WOULD PUOJECTS I n Washington, where the news of the President's death it first produced shocked disbelief, officials immediately .vonde'red what effect the* traptHIy wwlld have on the many lomestic. and international projects the President was guid- n y. Whether if would cause postponement of the United Na- ions Security Conference at. San Francisco was one of the 'irst questions asked before President Truman announced I; would be held as scheduled. The conference was perhaps he project closest to the President's heart. He had planned o open the conference in person--to lay before the United Nations his own ideas for world peace. NO SIGN OF SICKNESS The President had spent a leisurely two weeks in Warm ·Springs. And a,t no liiiu; was there any indication that he vas sick, beyond the fact: that he had not made his usivi! visits to the Warm Springs s w i m m i n g pool where in he began his life-long battle to overcome the withering effects of infantile paralysis. Almost daily d u r i n g his stay ho took long automobile ride's in the soft Georgia spring sun and had been keeping up constantly with developments in Washington and abroad by telephone and through official papers flown to him every morning. Mr. Roosevelt was flu- .''1st president of the United States. His successor, Harry S. Truman, who was sworn in soon after the President's death was announced, became the 32nd. Dr. Bruenn said that at 9:oO a. m. (CWT) today the President was "in excellent spirits" and showed no evidence whatever of feeling badly. Shortly before 1 p. m. (CWT) the President was sitting for sketches to be made by an artist. At about 1 o'clock the President, according to Bruenn, suddenly complained- of a "very sereve occipital headache." This is a headache in the back of the head. About 1:15 the President lost consciousness and Bruenn was with him by 1:30. The President never regained consciousness and died without pain at 3:35. After his attack Bruenn had quickly called Adm. McIntyre in Washington and Mclntyre in turn called Dr. James P. Paulin of Atlanta, an internal medical specialist and honorary consultant to the Surgeon General. Paulin rushed to Warm Springs and was with Bruenn and Lt. Cmdr. George Fox in the President's bedroom when the Chief Executive died. In the Little White House, but not in the President's bedroom, were two of his cousins who had been in Warm Springs with him, Miss Margaret Suckley and Miss Laura (Continued on Page Two) These pictures mark Mr. Roosevelt's six decodes, showing him as he looked near the ages of 1, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50, and as he appeared on his 60th birthday. MEWSPAPERI

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