Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 16, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, October 16, 1963
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Golesbu r Harvest Moon IRUCE SHANKS, IUFFALO EVENING NEWS EDITORIAL Comment and Rev lew Looking wo Ways West Germans are getting a political crease central economic planning, and who education through an accident of geogra- push government ownership of railroads, phy. On one side of the thriving country is utilities and other resources. Our home grown socialists, by what- other is France, whose "economic plan- ever name they call themselves, argue that destitute Marxist East Germany. On the ning" has resulted in painful inflation. national planning would be good, and cite The main result of West Germany's with puzzlement the apparent contradiction watch on its neighbors has been that it has that businessmen, farmers and conserva- stuck to general policies of free enterprise tives make their own economic plans, but capitalism and enjoyed great economic balk when the government seeks to make progress. A secondary result is that it has suc ^ P Jans the least socialistic socialist party on earth. The socialists denounced Marxian ob- What they overlook is that a national plan is necessarily imposed instead of all the private planning that is done now. If 3 ectives of public ownership of the means the g overnm ental planning did not over- of production five years ago, and this week ride all private planning) it wmM have no completed action on formal renunciation of effect Not only producers, but consumers governmental economic planning. They as well> have to faU in with such govern . also resolved that strikes are an outmoded men t a l plans, because the planners deter- means of achieving gains for labor unions.) mine what wiU be pro duced, what wages This contrasts sharply with the attitude of and prices wil] be and in what part of the British socialists, who recently refused to nation pro d U ction will be allowed. give up plans for nationalizing several key It is just such planning which keeps industries, and who endorsed state econom- socialist na tions and their citizens short of food, shelter, clothing and every other sort ic controls. It contrasts, too, with the attitudes of of consumer goods. many of our so-called "liberals" in Wash- The West German socialists, looking ington, who keep nudging Congress to in- two ways, have seen the light. West Germany's Smiling Bavarian American ernment is all Germans have known for the Prof. Ludwig Erhard, explaining that with- past 14 years, will remain Chairman of the out U.S. assistance he could not have sue- CDU. The 87-year-old authoritarian also ceeded in carrying through "on a liberal will keep a suite of presidential-style offices basis'* West Germany's postwar fiscal and in the Bundeshaus. "Adenauer has not lost economic reforms. his power to command," comments the The United States did, indeed, free Times of London, "and his party will not Erhard from the School of Economics of immediately lose its habit of obedience." Munich University. He was hired by our "Europe is unthinkable without good i Report Russians Maintain Missiles in PULTON WASHINGTON ago President stood — One year John Kennedy eyeball to eyeball with Nikita Khrushchev. Then, w the White House version, Nikita blinked. One year later, Soviet missiles remain In Cuba, according to one of the United States* top experts. He is Daniel James, who heads up the Citizens Committee for a Free Cuba, and whose pipelines into Cuba are the envy of government "spooks." His account is backed up by other knowledgeable experts, including the New York Times' Ruby Hart Phillips. According to James: Russian^guided missiles are secreted throughout Cuba, some of them in Pinar del Rio Province, nearest the United States. The Soviets are said to have dug five huge tunnels at La Gobernadora hills, near the main So­ viet base at Mariel* In Pinar del ftio Province. It was near here, just down the coast from Havana, that Khrushchev landed most of the missiles which precipitated last October's crisis. THE TUNNELS are 105 feet wide and have reinforced ceilings of 30 feet. A Castro army lieutenant who recently defected reports the tunnels are as long as six miles. One has been air-conditioned for the storage of nuclear weapons. Another has been equipped with refrigerating equipment for storing liquid oxygen used for ballistic missiles, according to sources inside Cuba. Furthermore, add these sources, electrical systems have been installed at the nearby base of Mesta de Anafe, and those systems are in turn connected with the guided-missile centers at La Gobernadora as well as the big horseshoe-shap­ ed military complex that surrounds Havana on three sides. Pinar del Rio Province com* mands the Florida Straits, ft has become the site of a great new Soviet military build-up, say Informants who recently left Cuba. ANOTHER PART of western Cuba where missiles are reportedly stored is the Isle of Pines, site of Fidel Castro's most Infamous prison. Fresh information has been received to the effect that an estimated 2,000 Soviet soldiers and technicians are based there. They guard SAM air-to-ground missiles; land-to- sea missiles; underground strategic missiles; Komas rocket- launching vessels; and conventional arms. Soviet technicians are said to be hard at work building another submarine base on the isle. It is said to consist of pens, stilt in construction, similar to those . the Germans famous Kiel naval base during World War II. Senator Hugh Scott, Pennsylvania Republican, recently warned of the danger posed by Soviet "fishing trawlers" operating out of Cuba. He referred to the findings of the Special Investigations Sub-committee of the House Armed Services Committee: "More than a dozen seagoing trawlers of the Okean class make regular round trips between North Atlantic fishing banks and Cuba." NAVAL AND Coast Guard witnesses agreed that these ships "could be landing or picking up spies or saboteurs or smuggling military items and this could be done with little chance of detection in the landing or picking-up operations." Scott revealed that Premier Castro is building a fleet of "fishing boats" ideally suited eight ships, 70 of them so-called Lamba 75's, have been authoris­ ed. The Lamba 75, with a ton cargo capacity and a ISO- horsepower engine, is an Ideal vehicle for subversive operations, according to the Senator. Scott points to a little noticed speech made by Fidel Castro on July 26: "The duty of the revolutionaries, of the Latin American revolutionaries, is not to wait for the change in the balance of power to produce the miracle of social revolution in Latin America, but to take the fullest advantage of everything favoring revolutionary movement and make revolution." HE THEN vowed communist- backed revolution for a slew of Latin American countries: Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, Argentina, Paraguay, Ecuador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador. Copyright 1963 His Epitaph Fi ts teps n the Sands of Time By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE "IMAGE" of the American businessman and industrialist, as projected by our intellectuals, has generally been one of a cheater who would sell his own mother into slavery for a fast buck. The meat packers, according to the fiction of Upton Sinclair, made money out of poisoned beef; the airplane manufacturers, as depicted in a recently popular Broadway play, have been willing to risk their own aviator sons in defective planes in time of war. In the days when I was doing a column of book criticism, this sort of stuff came over my desk regularly. Like any cliche, it got to be a bore. It also happened to be a tremendous distortion of the truth, as I came to know when I deserted the book world to write corporation stories for a business magazine. The world of business is like any other world, a mixture of elements. It has produced villains, no doubt, but it has also produced saintly characters, such as my friend Spencer Heath. Mr. Heath died last week at the age of 86 in his native Virginia, and was buried in a family plot in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester. The news of his death caused only the faintest of ripples, for he had been a quiet man for many years. There were only a few to remember that he was one of the great originating pioneers in the field of aviation manufacturing, and I doubt that there were ten people in the country who recalled the details of his effort to force manufacturing rectitude on the United States government in its aviation program for World War I. SPENCER HEATH was the first man in the United States to develop a machine for the mass production of airplane propellers. His factory in Baltimore was turning out some 250 propellers a day when the United States entered World War I in 1917. Naturally, the government depended almost entirely upon the celebrated "Paragon" propellers that came from the Heath factory. No American-made plane was produced in time to carry such aces as Eddie Rickenbacker up over the German lines, but manufacturers like Mr. Heath gave it a good try, and if the war had lasted a little longer the "Paragon" propeller would surely have made an enviable wartime record. On May 16, 1SJ9, a "Paragon" powered the first airplane, a Navy "N-C" scap.ane, to fly from Trep^sey in Newfoundland to the Azores. As long as Mr. Heath made propellers to his own specifications, they were good ones. But at one point during the war the government ordered a type which Mr. Heath felt was quite unsound. When he presented an alternative design, he was informed, "Mr. Heath, this is wartime. You make those propellers, or we'll shoot you/' WITH a federal gun at his head, Spencer Heath complied with government orders. He was, after all, under military discipline. But before shipping the propellers out he had a rubber stamp made which read: '' Made under protest. Condemned by manufacturer. 1 ' This warning was stamped on every defective propeller that left the factory. The stamp is still in the proud possession of the Heath family. When he tried to trace the fate of the defective propellers he had made under duress, Mr. Heath was told they had wound up in a warehouse in Texas. After World War I Spencer Heath made the first practical e n g i n e-powered, controllable and reversible pitch propeller. This did for aircraft what the gear shift did for the automobile. Without it, the airplane would not have been adaptable to commercial use. 1 KNEW Mr. Heath in the days of his retirement, long after he had sold his patents and technical facilities to the Ben- dix Aviation Company, In his book, "Citadel, Market and Altar," printed by the Yale University Press for his own Science of Society Foundation, Inc., Mr. Heath developed some remarkable theories bearing on inventive creativity that have been commended by Roscoe Pound, former dean of the Harvard Law School, and philosopher William Ernest Hocking. An original man always, Spencer Heath doubted that the Western nations were menaced by the higher birth rates of countries such as China and Soviet Russia. Since the populations of the high birth rate nations have short life expectancies, the fund of experience in those countries never deepens. Mr. Heath worked it out mathematically. "If you have half as many people who live twice as long," he used to say, "they will live to do something more than merely eat, grow to adolescence, reproduce their kind, and die." Copyright 1963 Latins Limp Along Despite $6-Billion U 6 Crutch By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)—News from Latin America always seems to be the most discouraging and there is much more of it. This is emphasized by the overthrow of the Juan Bosch government in Dominican Republic and the Ramon Villeda Morales government in Honduras, for being too democratic. In the past year there has been trouble of some kind in every country from Mexico to Honduras, back up the east coast to Venezuela and across the Caribbean to Cuba. If there was just one country where the outlook was really bright, there would be hope and more encouragement. THE UNITED STATES has been pouring aid into Latin America since Nelson Rockefeller took over the Good Neighbor policy in 1940. Twenty years later — after nearly $4 billion had been loaned or given away this effort really boomed with President Kennedy's Alliance for Progress program. Some $1,5 billion has been ex- and 1963. Another $600 million has been asked for the current fiscal year. This would make the total $6 billion. Tentative congressional cuts of, 25 per cent or $150 million on this year's program have raised cries of alarm from the administration that it will sabotage the program. But the opposition to it is based on a contention that foreign aid to Cuba did not prevent Fidel Castro from taking over any more than aid to Bosch prevented the generals from throwing him out for being soft on the communists. So even if foreign aid is not directly responsible for Latin American instability, the Alliance for Progress may be cut down as a sacrifice on the altars of economy. LATIN AMERICAN reaction r- . to this possibility seems to be that whatever is wrong with the Alliance for Progress is primarily the fault of United States bad management. The contention is that the program cannot be run from Washington. pended on it in fiscal years 1962 They want it run by a Latin THE DOCTOR SAYS: occupation forces to head a "Special Group relations between France and Germany," on Money and Credit," whose task it was to says Erhard in a facsimile of the Adenauer r prepare a currency reform plan for a war- policy. But Erhard adds a qualification: battered Germany. Within a few hours "It is self-evident that a European policy gy w ^YNE G BRANDSTADT, after announcing the reforms in June 1948, cannot be limited to that bi-lateral agree- Erhard decided that rationing should be ment." Erhard's dedication to a free mar- Gout's Misconceptions wiped out, too. ket economy augurs well for reduction of The story is told that Gen. Lucius D, the friction that has developed between the Clay, the U.S. military governor, warned, United States and the Common Market. "Dr. Erhard, my advisers tell me this will Like Adenauer, he is skeptical of possi- bankrupt Germany." "Erhard is reported bilities of easing East-West tensions by ne- to have answered: "General, my advisers gotiations so long as Germany and Berlin tell me the same thing." remain divided. He probably would not M.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. JF YOU HAVE gout, you can be glad you did not live in the last century when the disease was poorly understood. Some misconceptions about this disease that were popular in those American and Erhard's col- suggest, as Adenauer has done, that the r Jflie AllllBUBC leagues in the Christian Democratic Union Kennedy and Macrnillian governments are (CDU) hope the 66-year-old economist will overeager to deal with the Russians for the bring the same decisiveness to his new job sake of coming elections. as Chancellor. Detractors say he is more Der Alte's recent criticism of wheat of a philosopher than a battler, and that he sales to the Soviet Union by Western coun- can be expected to take the path of least tries has drawn a poor press in the United resistance. The national elections in 1965 States. West Germany herself is selling already are dictating political caution. flour to the Russians. And the brisk trade But Erhard asserted himself forcefully between the divided Germanics further last April in pressing labor and manage- gives Bonn's "hard line" a two-faced look ment to negotiate a wage pact that averted a walkout by 800,000 metal workers. And that Erhard will need to clarify. his vigorous campaigning in a recent state A election helped the CDU make major gains in a Socialist stronghold. His stocky frame seems to epitomize the postwar "economic miracle" of West Germany he helped to engineer. Shaping West Germany's foreign policy is among Erhard's first major tasks. Any Change here is likely to come slowly. Konrad Adenauer* whose one-man type of gov- Bte C NEW YORK (tiPD-Autos use one-fifth of the nation's steel 60 per cent of its rubber, nearly half the lead and a major portion of tiie aluminum glass zinc and nickel. More than 50 per cent of every dollar .spent in California for defense contracts is fanned to other states through the sub-contracting system, reports the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce. By United Press International Today is Thursday, Oct. 17, the 289th day of 1963 with 76 to follow. The moon is approaching its new phase. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1846, the first operation with a patient under ether anesthesia was performed at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. In 1859, Abolitionist John Brown staged a raid on Harper's Ferry, Va., seizing a hotel, arsenal, firehouse and 30 townspeople. In 1959, George Marshall, the U.S. Army chief of staff in World War II, died after a long Illness. days have persisted because erroneous ideas are slow to die. For one thing the disease is not limited to gourmands who eat steak and kidney pie for breakfast and wash down all solid food with wine. In some persons gout is a hereditary disease, and like diabetes, is due to faulty metabolism. Also, like diabetes, it can be controlled but not cured. In persons with gout, it has been found that the amount of uric acid in the blood is increased. This may be the result of eating large amounts of certain foods that are rich in purines, a greater than normal breaking down of body proteins, an overproduction of uric acid, or an interference with the normal elimination of uric acid through the kidneys. In some persons without a hereditary tendency to gout acute attacks of gout may occur following the taking of large amounts of pyrazina- mide for tuberculosis, or chlorothiazide which is a diuretic or "water pill." If these drugs must be taken over a long period, the gout they cause can be relieved by the American organization and not between . the U.S. and each country, separately. Any thought that the United States will turn over to an international organization the control of wholly U.S. appropriated funds is ridiculous. Congress would never approve. United States officials have made clear to the Latin Americans, however, that their increased participation in planning the Alliance for Progress would be welcome whenever they furnish the bulk of the resources for development. IN TWO YEARS, only seven of the 19 Latin American countries have been able to work out their own development plans. United States aid cannot be considered as a subsidy to make up for loss of foreign markets or low commodity prices caused by their own overproduction. Coffee countries, for instances, must diversify their economies. United States loans cannot be doled out endlessly to close gaps caused by runaway inflation, as in Brazil. And there must be a whole new school of politicians, career public servants and administrators developed to give Latin American countries responsible REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, Oct. 16, 1913 Guy Temple was elected president of the Knox College freshman class at a meeting of the class. Phyllis Rudd was elected vice president. Galesburg High School Dramatic Club presented its first play of the year. The play was a one-act comedv entitled "The Teeth of the Gift Horse." government. They need better Progress co-ordinator Teodoro educational systems and must Moscoso. provide them for themselves. The question is not whether "Only the governments of Lat- there will be enough U.S. dol- in America can bring about the lars to finance these undertakings. It is whether there is enough patience to wait for the Latin Americans to carry out basic reforms which, soundly conceived and implemented, will ultimately help to make democracy secure," says Alliance for their part of the program. Qalesburg Kegisfer-Mail Ofiice 440 South Prairie Street. Galesburg, Illinois rfcLKPHONh. NUMBER Register-Mali Exchange 842-6 HI Entered *>s Secona CUu Matter at the Poet Office at Oalesbursj Illinois, under \et of Congress of "h 3. 1870 Dally except Sunday Ethel Custer Schmiih Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager M. H Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H H, Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New Yom, Chicago, Detroit. Boston. Atlanta, San Fran- cUco. Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MGMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEH ASSUL'IAIED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as aU AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35o a Week. By RFD mail in our retail trading tone: I Year 11040 S Months 13.50 6 Months I 6.00 I Month $1.25 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail „ outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 50c By maU outside retail trading zone in Illinois. Iowa and Missouri and by motor route to retail trading gone. I y. e ' r . f 13 *S? 3 Months 18.71 6 Months I 7.00 1 Month 81.35 By mall outside- Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months $5.00 6 Months I 9.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Oct. 16, 1953 Galesburg Fire Department answered two calls to the home of J. O. Steuard, 249 W. Brooks St. within the space of five hours. The first call was made when smoke from hot ashes emptied in a paper carton, was noticed. The second came later in the evening when another member of the family entered the house, smelled smoke and called the department. No damage was noted by fire authorities. (Continued on page 11) Humphrey Bogart was starring in the motion picture, *'Action in the North Atlantic," featured at the Orpheum Theater. ACRQSS 1 Bread spread 7 Milk product 13 Part of Saudi Arsbla 14 Feminine appellation 15 Passed rope through 16 Elicits 17 Amount (ab.) 18 Exact point 19 Devour 20 River islet 22 Leap 23 Blacken 24 Ice — 26 Mariner's direction 27 Conscious of guilt 29 Law 30 Pronoun 31 Foretokens 33 Spring month 34 Certain politician (ab.) 35 Twitching 37 Boy's nicknam* 36 Lady's title (ab.) 39 Article- 41 Epic poetry 43 Public speaker 46 New York city 47 Tapioca-like tubers 48 More involved 49 Meager DOWN IKing of Sodom (Bib.) % Moslem scholars 3 Arbitrary 4 Hebrew letter 6 Compass point • AftlJdffittM 7 Crawl 8 Fault angle (geol.) 9 Australian bird 10 Geologic age 11 Cringe 12 The Orient 18 Salad ingredient 21 Worthless 22 Ditch 23 Impress 25 Italian prince 26 Greek musical term 28 Act in dumb snow 90 She danced for Herod Answer to Prtvlout Pimlo HUUHH HIIIMimilSIS HWS HUB r -isis HHI^i HI3@ 32 Baby watcher 33 syrup 34 Gloomy 36 Dinner dish 37 Pay attention 38 Only thia 40 GaeUc 42 Apple seed 43 Office Strategic Services (ab.) 44 Quick blow 45 Southern SUte (ab.) eWtMKeVfeaft eWWetfRkseJ eMMM*

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