Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 15, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 15, 1963
Page 4
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« Gptesbura ftegister»Moif, Gofesburg, III, Tues., Oct. 15, 1963 We're Beginning to Burn Up JFK Non-Political Speech Costs U.S. $600,000 By PULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - All the bills are not yet in, but one thing is certain: The beleaguered taxpayer got socked — and socked hard — for the President's cross-country jaunt of last month. On Sept. 26, for instance, the President addressed voters at Richland, Wash. Before John Kennedy touched down, however, White House advance men had turned Richland (population 23,648) into an ultra-modern communications center. Twenty-three special phones with direct lines from Richland to the nation's capital were installed. Four heliports were hurriedly built for the Presidential party's helicopters. Special bleachers were set up to accommodate the crowd. COST TO the taxpayers for the Richland speech: $600,000. That little talk boiled down to a campaign hard-sell for Sen. Henry Jackson and Gov. Albert Rossellini, Democrats up for reelection next year. The story was similar at every stop on the President's "non-political" tour. At Chey* enne, Wyo., Kennedy junked his prepared text and launched into an all-out plea for Democrat Gale McGee, who faces almost insurmountable obstacles in his race for Senate re -election. In Montana, the President again abandoned his text, this time to plug Majority Leader Mike Mansfield, also up for reelection next year. He laid it on thick for Stewart Udall and Orville Freeman, the public 's least-favorite Cabinet members. In Laramie, Wyo., Kennedy boasted of federal funds funneled into McGee's home state. In Tacoma, Wash., he told of plans to rejuvenate a military base, promising the local economy a shot in the arm. In Salt Lake City, the President lashed into the foreign policy suggestions of Sen. Barry Goldwater, his almost-certain GOP opponent next year. WHAT did the President accomplish? Precious little, according to newsmen on the trip. Marianne Means, White House correspondent for the Hearst Headline Service, has long been considered one of the President's favorites. In her humble opinion the whole trip may well have been a bomb. The New York Times' Tom Wicker was even more blunt: "Seldom in his nearly three years of office had the President's performance been so lackluster, his attention so obviously elsewhere, his prose so perfunctory and entangled, his usual electionary fire so lacking. "Before a packed house of 10,000 or so in Duluth, Minn. . . . Mr. Kennedy bum­ bled and digressed through a partisan restatement of his administration's d o m e s t i c program; not once did the crowd interrupt with applause." AUTHOR JAMES BALDWIN, whose books dot the best seller lists, drew hundreds to a New York benefit the other night, all proceeds going to something called the Committee to Aid Southern Lawyers, described as a civil rights organization. The group is something more than that. It is the creation of the National Lawyers Guild. In 1950 the House UnAmerican Activities Committee said: "The National Lawyers Guild is the foremost legal bulwark of the Communist Party. . ." It was not the first time Baldwin, who is not a communist, has lent his name to questionable causes. Baldwin has contributed to a volume called "A Quarter Century of UnAmerl- cana," an attack upon the House UnAmerican Activities Committee. The book is publish* ed by Carl Akto Maitanl and Alexander Munsell. M a r t a n i was convicted in federal court of perjury when he denied com* munist activity. Munsell's record is on file in Washington. Baldwin sponsored the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, a group later shown to be Castro- financed and pro-Communist-operated. He worked for the freedom of Carl Braden, an Identified communist who served time in federal prison for contempt of Congress. With other liberals, Baldwin called for amnesty for Junius Scales, convicted under the Smith Act. Scales, who claims to have quit the party, has refused to cooperate with the FBI. He was freed by President Kennedy. Copyright 1963 Contact With Reality Educates Ambassador JERRY DOYLE, PHILADELPHIA DAILY NEWS EDITORIAL Comment and Review Competition and the Press Whatever happened to that big congressional inquiry into reasons for the decline of competition among American newspapers? The answer is that the investigation lies comatose, though not dead, subject to revival sometime next year. Standing room only was the order of the day March 13 when Rep. Emanuel Celler (D N.Y.) gaveled his antitrust subcommittee to order for the start of hearings expected to continue for a month. Three days later they came to an abrupt halt. Rep. Celler had contracted influenza. The subcommittee met one day in April to finish taking testimony on the 1962 closing of two Los Angeles papers. Since then hearings have been in suspension. None of those who feel most strongly about newspaper monopoly has had a chance to speak. A committee spokesman says the pressure of civil rights legislation diverted the subcommittee from its appointed task: the question "is not whether we will resume hearings but when." Rep Celler may have discovered, as some observers assert, that his hearings came very late in the day. The decline of newspaper competition is far advanced. By the subcommittee's figures, in 24 states there are no cities where local, toe-to-toe daily newspaper competition still survives. Less than three per cent of American cities have separately owned and editorially independent daily newspapers. The American Newspaper Publishers Association maintains that "there is no factual cause" for alarm about changes in ownership of newspapers and other communications media. "More media voices compete for the attention of the U.S. public today than ever before," an ANPA spokesman told the Celler subcommittee. Still to be heard from are such antimonopolists as Morris L. Ernst, who once wrote that "The power of the only publisher in a community is too great for a free people to allow." During the subcommittee hiatus, other government officials are giving thought to means of strengthening competitive factors in the field of mass communications. Lee Loevinger, new member of the Federal Communications Commission, recently declared: "Generally, I would consider newspaper ownership or affiliation a substantial negative factor in determining qualification for a broadcast license." Loevinger, former head of the antitrust division in the Department of Justice, believes the "growing concentration of Control of broadcasting stations and among all the mass media is cause for grave concern." Editor and Publisher suggests that Loevinger "will promote diversity of broadcast ownership even if it means the sacrifice of quality programming." Broadcasting magazine expresses doubt that Lovevinger's notions about diversity "will lead him to extreme proposals," quoting Loevinger's acknowledgement that divestures of present broadcast holdings would present both practical and legal difficulties. For radio and television, no less than newspapers, attempts to legislate diversity raise disturbing constitutional questions. The consolidation process for newspapers is too far advanced to be reversed. Emphasis now is on helping other media voices in the community retain a measure of independence. By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN MINOO MASANI, THE former mayor of Bombay, India, is in this country, and he has some most interesting stories to tell about the effect of his homeland on Harvard's Professor John Kenneth Galbraith, the New Deal-Fair Deal economist who recently returned to the United States after spending two years as U. S. Ambassador in New Delhi. According to Masani, Galbraith, after his contact with the distinctly non-affluent society of India, got to talking very much like any conservative, Right Wing — or classically liberal — economist. India's Nehru, of course, is anything but conservative or classically liberal. As head of the. Indian government, Nehru has advocated Soviet - style planning, with priority being given to the "public sector" of the economy as fast as the Indian Congress Party is willing to push it. The result has been three successive Five-Year socialist plans which have resulted in a declining rate of growth, a drying-up of savings, and a stagnant condition in exports. The Indian economy is now growing at a rate of 2.2 per cent a year, a rate which shows up horribly when it is compared with the 20 per cent pace of growth in non-socialist Japan. The average Indian, according to Masani, is no better off today than when the British pulled out of his country in 1947, for the population increases eat up the small economic gains. Galbraith, says Masani, got a quick whiff of the true drift of Indian affairs, and proceeded to talk forthwith like an American economist of the Calvin Coolidge era. He began to lecture the Indians for putting no trust in the concept of profit. "What is this Post Office Socialism that you have?" he asked. "Don't you know that profit is a good thing?" SINCE he was ambassador to a nation which had asked the American government for the gift of a lV2-billion-dollar steel mill, to be owned by the Indian State, Galbraith couldn't very well openly oppose the "public sector" idea as applied to local steel production. But when he came to sing his swan song as ambassador last June 28 in a speech at the University of Bombay, Galbraith lit into the whole idea of putting industrial development in India ahead of agricultural development. The central test of any policy, Galbraith told the Indians, is whether it promises to improve the position of the average person. And this average person in India is obviously the poor peasant who would like to know how to get a little more fertilizer and good seed on his land. Steel, for him, is a distant luxury that is meaningless. WITH the "average person" in mind, Galbraith attacked the Indian planners who hold the "accepted tests of the economist — the rate of investment and of economic growth." "An undue emphasis on the rate of growth," so Galbraith continued, "can lead . . .to undue emphasis on current savings and on increase of these savings through taxation. . .The average person may know of the hopes for the future. This can rarely be accepted with grace and contentment when living standards are close to the margin." Masani, who is general secretary of the Swatantra, or Freedom, Party of India and a member of the Indian Parliament, naturally welcomes Galbraith as an ally in the war against the "Stalin psychosis" as applied to forcing swift industrialization on an economy that hasn't solved the problem of. raising enough food for itself. He knows, of course, that Galbraith, now that he is back in "affluent" America, will probably revert to his old habit of knocking private enter­ prisers and advocating vast increases in the U. S. "public sector." Nevertheless, it might be asked whether President Kennedy can trust Galbraith to support the sort of U. S. for­ eign aid that steel-mill -happy dictators like Nehru and Indonesia's Sukarno invariably want. IN THIS connection, Masani, who has talked in Washington recently with everybody from Senator Barry Goldwater to White House aide Arthur Schlesinger Jr., had an interesting chat with Walt Rostow, the Kennedy policy adviser who has theorized rather extensively about bringing primitive and backward economics to the "take-off place" by thrusting steel mills upon them. Rostow, it seems, has been guilty recently of heresy in respect to his own gospel. He has been telling the Mexicans that the development of a thriving rural economy is jnore important than steel. So what goes on here? Are Galbraith and Rostow getting ready to apply for jobs under a Republican administration? Or are they about to urge Kennedy to make sure of the 1964 election by stealing some of Barry Goldwater's clothes? Copyright 1963 The More It Changes, More the Cold War Stays Korea's Mock Election The forthcoming election in America's problem protectorate of South Korea has been wholly discredited before a single ballot is cast. The chief of the ruling military junta, Gen. Chung Hee Park, is himself a candidate for the presidency. U. S. officials see every indication that the country is to have a rigged election. Gen. Park has not been content merely to control the election machinery. Early in September he hauled one of his opponents, Lt. Gen. Yo Chan Song, former Army Chief of Staff, out of a hospital bed and put him in a Seoul prison. The charges were old ones of rape, ordering illegal executions during the Korean War, and slandering the Park government. Song's real sin had been to warn that democracy would be dead in South Kores if Park should run for the presidency, because "even if he (Park) takes off his uniform, his government still will be the military government." In a statement of unusual severity issued Sept. 5, the State Department said Song's sick-bed arrest could be viewed "only as raising serious doubts that the presidential elections will be free." The present regime in South Korea came to power two years ago through a coup d'etat against an elected civilian government. Gen. Park at that time pledged to restore the government "to honest and conscientious civilians." He repeated that promise in a joint statement with President Kennedy when he visited Washington last year. Gen. Park explicitly stated last Febru- gry that he would not participate in the Dew civilian government. But power is not so readily put aside. By April the general \ was leaving the question of his candidacy open. The following month he allowed himself to be nominated as the presidential candidate of the government - sponsored Democratic Republican Party. The election campaign has been a dirty one, even by Korean political standards. Ex-President Posun Yun, one of the leading candidates, has charged that Gen. Park as a young officer was sentenced to death for helping to organize a communist-led mutiny in 1948, but was let off because of his military talents. Gen. Park admits that he was a member of an army regiment that revolted under Red leadership, but maintains that he was not involved personally in the uprising. Nevertheless, the charges do sting and the opposition has taken heart. Gen. Song helped to unify the opposition campaign by withdrawing from the race in favor of ex- President Yung. Former Premier Pyun Hung Tai, nominee of the Right Citizens League, may follow suit later this week. No last-minute heroics will be of much use, of course, if coercion is employed at the polls. Opposition leaders argue that a really fair election became impossible once Gen. Park refused to appoint a caretaker government to conduct the elections. Corrupt elections have sparked two previous revolutions and could ignite the flame again. A cholera epidemic that has stricken 642 persons and claimed 42 lives in the last month provides a melancholy setting for the election. The Republic of Korea's time of agony can scarcely be eased by the mock exercise in democracy corning up on Oct. 15. By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - All the loose talk about United States foreign policy appeasement of Communist Russia needs to be taken with large grains of salt. The U.S. State Department has just concluded another of its semiannual briefings of several hundred newspaper, magazine, radio and television correspondents from all over the country. It was well timed, for matters are getting pretty confused and everything needs straightening out. PRESIDENT KENNEDY SPOKE off the record. But Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Deputy Secretary of Defense Roswell Gilpatric, Undersecretaries of State Averell Harriman and George Ball and half a dozen other top policy makers in State spoke and answered questions under a rule of no direct quotations or attribution. The substance of their statements was released for use as coming from high government officials. So it was right from the horse's mouth. There was a certain amount of whitewashing the reported feuding between U.S. government agencies in South Viet Nam. There was some criticism of the publicity being given Mme. Nhu. There was some nonsense about the coups d'etat in Latin America not being as bad as the ones they used to have. BUT ON THE BIG ISSUE, the sum and substance of the talks was that none of the officials thinks that Soviet Russia has reformed. Nobody thinks sale of wheat to Russia and the satellites means the beginning of a new era of expanded trade. Nobody thinks the Russians are going to pull out of East Germany. Nobody thinks disarmament, Communist country co-operation with the United Nations or settlement of the Korea, Viet Nam, Laos and Cuba crisis is just around the corner. It was emphasized that there is no "detente"—general disengagement or relaxation of cold war tensions. Agreements are being sought with the Russians on minor points, without making concessions. The problem is to draw the line between illusion and reality. The hot line for crisis communications between Moscow and Washington is open and being tested every hour on the hour. OTHER POSSIBILITIES for improved communications with the Russians include a civil air agreement for one or two flights a week between New York and Moscow. Opening of more consular offices in both the United States and Russia is being considered to facilitate travel. Both will require long technical talks before anything is signed. The possibility of new explosions in Laos, Viet Nam, Cuba THE ALMANAC By United Press International Today is Tuesday, Oct. 15, the 288th day of 1963 with 77 to follow. The moon is approaching its new phase. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. Those born today are under the sign of Libra. On this day in history: In 1917, the most famous spy of World War I, Gertrud Margarete Zelle, known as Mata Hari, was executed outside Paris. In 1945, Pierre Laval, former French premier was executed for betraying his country to Nazi Germany during World War II. In 1946, Reichsmarshal Hermann Goering committed suicide by taking poison a day be­ fore he was scheduled to be executed. In 1959, a New York art dealer bought Paul Cezanne's "Boy With a Red Vest," for the highest price then ever paid for a painting—$616,000. A thought for the day — The Greek orator, Demosthenes, said: "To remind a man of the good turns you have done him is very much like a reproach." and other trouble spots is known to be real. There can be no relaxation of tensions with Russia under such conditions. A detente in Europe is out of the question because Soviet Russia has no intention of abandoning East Germany and permitting its reunification with West Germany. Disarmament will be talked about some more in Geneva and an East-West nonaggres- sion pact may be further explored. But neither offers any real hope because the Russians will not permit arms inspection within their borders. WHILE SOVIE1 RUSSIA'S SPLIT with Red China is regarded as the primary reason for the Russians' apparent eagerness to improve relations with the West, American officials realistically realize that this feud between the two big Communist countries coulrt re* verse direction without warning. Full consideration is given to the probability that if Red China and Russia should patch up their quarrel, it would mean bad news for the U.S. and the rest of the world. For all these reasons, American policy makers seem determined not to relax on their foreign aid programs, on maintaining North Atlantic and other alliances, on keeping Amer- REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Wednesday, Oct. 15, 1913 The Seventh annual Abingdon Horse Show was brought to a close after a two-day exhibition which drew a number of people. Author Club met at the home of Miss Nettie Olson on Willard Street. Mrs. Helen Backman, the president, presided. ica's defenses strong and at the ready. As the situation was analyzed in one summary: "We are on the front end of large events. We do not know for sure what they will be. We do not know if they will be good or bad for us. But they will not b-i boring." (jalesburg I^gfsfer-Mail Ofxies 140 Soutn Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois rEUtPUUWh. NUMBER Register-Mali Exchange 342-6H1 Entered *s Second Clau Matter at ths Poet Office at Galesburg UU- nots, under Kct of Congrea* of M —h 3. 1878 Dau> except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmiih— Publisher Charles Morrow — Editor and Genera) Manager at. a. aiddy.. ...Associate Editor And Director Of Public Relations H. H Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEW ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press la entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as weU as all AP new* dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 39o a Week By RFD mail In our retail trading zone; 1 Year 610.00 9 Months $340 0 Months t 6.00 1 Month $1.20 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier In retail trading zone" outside City of Galesburg. 1 week SOe By mall outside retail trading zone in Ulinola Iowa and Mia•our) and by motor route ta retail trading zona 1 year $13.00 3 Months fS.Tt 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $li» By mall outside nUnoU. Iowa and Missouri 1 Year flH.OO 3 Months 99.00 g Months f 9.90 1 Month 03.00 Crossword Puzzzle Let's Make Music Answer to Previous Puzzle Now You Know By United Press International The New York City subway system carries approximately 1.37 billion passengers annually, six times the amount of all other U.S. railroads combined, according to the New York City Transit Authority. TWENTY YEARS AGO Friday, Oct. 15, 1943 At the annual meeting of Alpha Lodge No. 155, AF&AM, held at the Masonic Temple, Walter Cook was elected to serve as master for the ensuing year. As a result of a 14-7 defeat at the hands of Rock Island, Galesburg's high school football team was dumped into last place in the Northwest Conference. ACROSS 1 Wood-wind music maker 6 Musical instrument (ab.) 8 English —— 12 Hawaiian precipice 13 Samuel's trainer (Bib.) 14 Bread spread 15 Bound 16 French "friend" 17 Wrinkle 18 Thoroughfares 20 Stockade 21 Varangian* 22 Era 23 Green stuff 20 Guarneri products 50 Roman bronze 51 Indian weight •2 Female rabbit 33 Observe 34 Musician Paul 35 Poem 36 Designer 39 Oregon's capital 11 Assistance 12 Varnish ingredient 43 Light fogs 46 Stringed instruments SO Against 61 Oriental coin 52 Dutch cheese 53 Three singers 54 Exist 55 Ceremony 56 Sea birtf 57 Heart 50 Meat dish DOWN IChooseg 2 Harass 3 Shrub (var.) 4 Sea ducks 5 Chairs « Charitable gifts 7 Twelve ' (Roman) Sinn 0 Olive genua 10 Receive, si O reward 11 Alaskan city 10 Goddesa 20 The self 22 Attitudes 23 Catch breath convulsively •24 Dance 25 Nautical term 26 Shift 27 Heathen deity 28 Complication 29 Appear 31 Winter vehicle 37 Country 88KoboW(var.) 99 Perched 40Throbbers 42 Baseball term 43 Matthias (ab.) 44 Concerning (law ) 45 Budge 46 Nullify 47 Redact 48 Appraise 49 Merganser 51 Algonquian Indian w w W w » Si r C r 13 16 r 43 w T III W w r 35 1 w 41" fttWlFAPpjl Be/VSaWMSJl AAlSt

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