Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 10, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Tuesday, July 10, 1973
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Home Paper of 70 Communities Qalesburg Register-Mail Clear Tonight tm mm Pair Wednesday High 90 A Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXXII — 161 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401— TUESDAY, JULY 10, 1973 PRICE TEN GENTS Mitchell Kept Information About Watergate from Nixon John IS. Mitchell WASHINGTON (UPI) - Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell testified today that he helped hush up the Watergate incident and kept information about the burglary and break-in from President Nixon to protect I Nixon's re-election chances. "Maybe in retrospect I was wrong (in not telling Nixon)," Mitchell told the Senate Watergate committee, "but I thought the best thing to do was to keep the lid on until after the election.'! Mitchell's testimony came as the committee, after a 10-day recess, resumed its inquiry into illegal activities in the 1972 presidential campaign 'No Necessity' He said he did not tell Nixon what he knew about the burglary and its subsequent cover-up "for the simple reason that there was no necessity of scarring the President, who was not involved." Mitchell said that not only did he shield the President from information about Watergate, but he also did not believe Nixon knew anything about the cover-up "based on my faith and knowledge of the man." . Mitchell said that as events unfolded following the break-in June 17, 1972, "I formed the opinion and a position that I did not believe that it was fair to the President to have these . . . White House horror stories (involving Nixon's top aides) come out during this political campaign." Lied to Jury Tlie chief committee counsel, Samuel Dash, asked whether Mitchell was aware that Jeb Stuart Magruder, Nixon's depu- Troops, Police Disperse Uruguayan Protestors MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay (UPI) —: Troops and police used machineguns, tear gas, water cannon and swords to disperse a crowd of tens of thousands of persons marching on the executive offices Monday night shouting "down-with the dictatorship". Police said "hundreds" were arrested. Hospitals in • the downtown area reported 30 persons admitted, including a man identified as Carlos Sanchez, 30, who was reported in a coma with a bullet in his head. The crowds responded to circulars passed around in the capital calling on the people to demonstrate "peacefully and without arms" against President Juan Maria Bordaberry's closing of the congress, and his military-backed rule-by-decree government. Uruguay already has been semi-paralyzed by a general strike called to protest Bor­ daberry's actions. An official communique said "organized mobs" working out of the offices of the Communist daily El Popular among other places, had attempted to create disturbances and the army put them down and occupied the newspaper's offices. The family of retired Gen. Liber Seregni, leader of the leftist broad front political coalition and a presidential candidate in the 1971 elections, said he had been arrested. No reason was given for the arrest, nor for the weekend arrests of four opposition deputies in the dissolved congress. It was the largest such demonstration since Bordaber- ry dissolved congress on June 27 and announced he would run this South American country by decree. Witnesses said mounted troops used swords to beat away demonstrators, some of them elderly persons, women and small children. The demonstration came after leaflets were distributed in Montevideo calling for a protest against Bordaberry's actions, made with the approval and support of the military The leaflets were not signed, but they called for a peaceful demonstration. Demonstrators were dispersed once, but regrouped and headed once more toward Bordaberry's offices. Five tanks blocked their way and troops and police used tear gas, guns and swords to break up the marchers. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 26 PAGES Knoxville - 8 Markets 26 Monmouth — 12 Obituary 13 Sports 16-17 Weather - 2 Women in the News.. 6 - 7 Abingdon 8 Amusement 5 Bushnell 8 Classified Ads ..22-23-24-25 Comics-Radio — 10 Editorial 4 Galva 8 Hospital Notes 13 Dollar Moves Upward On Money Markets LONDON (UPI) - The U. S. dollar moved sharply upward on world money markets today. Dealers credited reversal of the months-long slide in its value to "rumors" government banks were secretly supporting it. "This rumor is current in the money market and is clearly helping the dollar, although we have seen no evidence that any central bank has so far supported the dollar," said an American banker in Frankfurt. The dollar's price against the all-important West German mark was fixed today at 2.354 marks, the highest in a week. The fixed price Monday was 2.2835 marks. Gold dropped in price in free bullion markets as the dollar moved substantially upward in currency exchanges in Amsterdam, Paris, Brussels, Milan and Tokyo, and slightly higher in London. Prime Minister Edward Heath met his chabinet's key economic and financial ministers in London today. No decisions were announced. In Paris the dollar climbed back above the four-franc level and continued upward. It was trading at mid-day between 4.025 and 4.035 francs. In Brussels the dollar gain 2.87 per cent in 24 hours to an official fixing price of 35.6925 Belgian francs; in Milan it climbed 1.5 per cent from Monday's closing price to trade at 580 lire. ty campaign manager, planned to lie to the grand jury about the covcr-up efforts. "I tliink I can put it on the basis that I had a pretty strong feeling that his testimony was not going to be entirely accurate," Mitchell said. Pressed by Dash, Mitchell admitted lie had no direct knowledge —either from his own conversations with the President or those of others — whether Nixon knew either of the bugging -plot or the subsequent cover-up. The former attorney general said that not until recently did he know that President Nixon had ordered the plan put into effect for five days before bowing to objections from J. Edgar Hoover, late director of the FBI. For his long-awaited appearance at the nationally televised hearings, Mitchell was not accompanied by his famous wife, Martha, when he arrived with three lawyers at the hearing room at 9:45 a.m., 15 minutes before the session was to start. It was half an hour later that lie began his testimony, starting with replies to questions by the committee's chief counsel, Samuel Dash. He appeared calm, but his hands were shaking as he filled a pipe and tried to light it, using match after match before he succeeded, while waiting to start testifying. Mitchell bantered with reporters, mostly about the absence of his wife, but refused to tell them where she was. Mitchell's lawyer said she was "in the South." Mitchell joked that "she's in heaven, like all angels." As an intimate confidant of President Nixon—as well as being his campaign manager in 1968 and 1972 and his first attorney general—Mitchell was in a position to know as much about Nixon's knowledge of the See'Mitchell'- (Continued on Page 21) Berlin Wall Death Strip Leveled by Border Guards BERLIN (UPI) - East German border guards leveled the death strip along the Berlin Wall today to deprive refugees of cover. West 'Berlin police said a 50- man squad of border guards cleared weeds on the French sector border where three refugees were captured under gunfire early Sunday. The incident prompted demonstrations by West Bcrlin- ers and a Western Allied protest. The Communists keep a 100- yard stretch of land behind the waill, the so-called "death strip," clear of obstacles to give border guards a clear field of fire. But weeds this hot summer have sprung up along the Wall at many points. The border guards' work squad went to work at 6 a.m. In the early morning sunlight, in a West Berlin housing project about 100 yards away. It was residents of the Maerkischc Viertel housing project, many of them refugees themselves, who tore a six-foot- hole in the wall Sunday to protest the shooting. Another protester, a (man of about 25, was arrested by border guards Monday night when he ran into East Berlin they could see black flags and through the Friedrich Strasse signs reading "Wall Mur- crossing point shouting "Murderers" hanging from windows derers! Murderers!" Leaders Urge President To End Price Freeze Compromise Likely on Farm Bill WASHINGTON (UPI) - Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz and congressional farm leaders today groped toward agreement on a compromise they hoped would produce House passage of an omnibus farm bill. An informed congressional source predicted that when the House takes up the bill today, Democratic farm leaders may offer only token opposition to a Butz - backed amendment designed to limit potential increases in farm subsidy payments after 1974. Proposal Attractive Chairman W.R. Poage, D-Tex. of the House Agriculture Committee will not back the amendment which was expected to be offered by Rep. B.F. Sisk, D- Calif., chairman of a cotton subcommittee. But Poage was reported to have said he realizes many lawmakers may find the proposal attractive Sisk's amendment would scrap an "escalator clause" which, under the bill as approved by the House Agriculture Committee, would increase support target prices in 1975, 1976 and 1977. Targets for 1974 are set in the bill at $2.05 a bushel for wheat, $1.38 a bushel for corn and 38 cents a pound for cotton. A new support plan in the bill provides that farmers would get government subsidy payments only if average market prices fall below the targets. If the escalator clause is removed, support targets would remain fixed at the proposed 1974 level for the four-year life of the bill. This would avoid potential increases in the subsidy payments bridging the gap between market prices and the targets. A source said Butz had indicated that if the escalator clause comes out of the bill, he will support it. The source, a congressional staff member, said Butz also promised administration help to farm bloc members in another pending fight over moves to reduce the current $55,000 per crop ceiling on payments to individual farmers. While Rep. Paul Findley, R- 111., and others will urge the House to cut the ceiling to $20,000 per farmer and to eliminate "loopholes" in enforcing the limit, farm bloc members planned' to counter with their own plan for which they expected administration backing. This would put the ceiling at $20,000 per crop and would leave undisturbed a present law under which cotton farmers subject to the ceiling can leaso or sell part of their planting allotment to other growers. It would also leave undisturbed a 7 provision under which any payments made for acreage retirement rather than income support would not be counted against the ceiling WASHINGTON (UPI) Republican congressional leaders urged President Nixon today to work as fast as possible to establish a Phase IV economic program to replace the current price freeze which has made farming unprofitable. Senate GOP leader Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania, joined by his House counterpart Rep. Gerald Ford of Michigan, told newsmen after a two-hour meeting with the President, "There is clearly a desire to get the freeze over and get into something else." Basic Decisions Scott said the administration had. virtually completed its consultations on the Phase IV program- and would begin soon to make basic decisions that will shape the new plan. He predicted Phase IV would be started before the freeze is scheduled to end Aug. 12. Scott indicated the President had decided to permit the food industry to increase prices on meat and some other products to compensate for sharp increases in feed prices which have made some operations so unprofitable that farmers have been killing baby chicks to save the cost, of feeding them. But Scott said no decision has been made yet whether higher costs might be passed immediately to consumers or if the price increases would be spaced out to make them more gradual. The President met with the GOP leaders the morning after his return from a long stay on the West Coast. On the way back, lie saw evidence, at Kansas City of a drop in his popularity caused by the Watergate scandal. Hostile signs appeared in the crowd when he swore in Clarence M. Kclley, the Kansas City police chief, as new director of the FBI. Some of the signs said: "Impeachment with Honor." "Conspirator or Uninformed Fool?" "Impeach Adolf Nixon." "Honesty, Now More Than Ever." Good News on Energy Crisis By United Press International The government had two announcements Monday that could mean good news for consumers who have been told by many government officials that major oil firms have manipulated the nation's energy supplies to drive prices up. In Atlanta, the Cost of Living Council said strict price controls may remain on gasoline after the current price freeze expires. And in Washington; the Nixon administration denied in the strongest language so far that it is even considering rationing fuel. Deputy Treasury Secretary William E. Simon said, "I absolutely do not consider rationing even possible. We have a voluntary allocation system in place now that I believe is doing the job." Meanwhile, the barrage of criticism against the oil industry was at a peak Monday. Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash,, the State of Florida, the Internal Revnue Service, and an independent fuel distributor in Missouri all accused the corporate oil giants of various unfair business tactics. And it was another hot day on the Eastern Seaboard, where electrical power was reduced by 5 per cent over the New York City area and much of New England during sultry 95- degree weather. Demand neared records, and there were some isolated power failures. In other energy developments Monday, 14 Midwestern governors studied the problem and made recommendations, and the Senate debated whether to authorize the trans-Alaskan oil pipeline or try for a trans- Canada pipeline. As a way to keep the energy problem from recurring, Jackson suggested that the oil companies be forced to seper- ate from their refineries. "I believe there was a definite effort on the part of the industry a year ago to create such a tight situation in the marketplace and by limiting imports that it resulted in .the primary, immediate shortage we have today," Jackson said. "The nation must develop a program to ensure competition, and this program may require divestitute of major oil company pipelines and refineries." Florida filed suit against 15 major oil companies in federal court in Tallahassee, accusing them of conspiring to keep prices high and force out independent dealers. "Our position is that there is no shortage," Florida Attorney General Robert Shevin told newsmen. "The alleged shortage is the result of anticompeti­ tive practices manipulated by the major companies to drive out their competitors." Exxon Issues Statement But Exxon, one of the 15 firms named in the Florida action, issued a statement in Houston by its chairman and chief executive, M. A. Wright, saying the charge are "completely unfounded." In Cleveland, the IRS said Standard Oil of Ohio and other oil firms that lowered gasoljne octane without reducing prices may have violated the price freeze. IRS agent Frederic!: Fillinger said he had received complaints, but did not identify the firms. He said his Price Stabilzation Office was investigating the charges. The Home Gas Service Co. of Kahoka, Mo., a propane and butane distributor filed a $1 million damage suit in St. Louis against three major oil companies, charging them with conspiring to drive independent dealers out of business. The suit names Cities Service Oil Co., with Phillips Petroleum Co. and Atlantic Richfield Corp. as co-conspirators. The Cost of Living Council, meeting with businessmen and industrial leaders of the Southeast in Atlanta, announced the probability of new price controls on both petroleum products and food after the current freeze ends. Chairman John T. Dunlop said the next stage of government economic controls will be announned soon, but he declined to be specific. Rollin 9 Down the River A teen-age girl was one of many who cooled wards. The rapids lie at the end off by rollin' down the Apple River rapids 3-mile stretch of shallow water during the weekend by floating in an inner set. tube. She hit the river's rapids going back- of an near almost Somer-

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