Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 9, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Monday, July 9, 1973
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SttGhM AM Men,, July 9, 1973 EDITORIAL Comment and Review Consider the Source Watergate has been a cruel blow to those young people who have been resisting the radical and "counterculture" temper of their generation, thinks New York University professor Irving Kristol. In the past few years, he says, young people have needed considerable courage to affirm publicly not only their support of President Nixon but of certain traditional values, like personal humiliation and political shame. The charge is quite valid, and while it can be pointed out that a great many older / Americans may share the feelings of humiliation and shame, young people, being young, no doubt feel them more acutely. Yet on this question of disillusionment and deceit, some recent Watergate committee testimony is extremely pertinent. The witness was Jeb Stuart Magruder, former deputy director of the Committee for the Re-election of the President (and it was CREP, let it never be forgotten, not the GOP, which engineered the Watergate break-in and other assorted depredations against the democratic process.) Pressed by Sen. Howard H. Baker, R- Tenn., to explain why he, Magruder, and the others that Magruder had implicated had done what they had done, approving burglary and then compounding it with perjury, when they knew all along that it was wrong, Magruder spoke of a kind of erosion of moral sense, if not common sense, in the men pledged to serve the President. He spoke of-witnessing "continuing violations of the law" by men like William Sloane Coffin, from whom he had once taken a course in ethics. At a rally on the grounds of the Washington Monument, Coffin, now a Chilly in A border is a border is a border, so it once seemed, with the notable exception of the United States - Canadian version. For 4,000 unfortified miles (actually 5,500, counting Alaska in), it has long been among nations a monument to peaceful continental coexistence and, for individuals, largely a formality. Unhindered access to each other's domains, involving little more than a courtesy slowing at customs posts, has been taken for granted by citizens of both the United States and Canada, Mostly the more numerous former. Visitors from the south pour millions of tourist dollars into the Canadian economy annually. Many have stayed on to invest in Canadian business, buy Canadian property and, in increasing numbers in recent years, settle in Canada. But times do indeed change. From the Canadian side, the border is becoming much more a legal reality. Tourists from the south are still acceptable — dollar devaluation and balance of payments problems so tar notwithstanding. But Americans intending to n.ake ney homes in Canada have been finding to their surprise that it is no longer almost as easy to move to Toronto or Vancouver as to Atlanta or San Diego. Entry requirements chaplain at Ya\e University, urged students to burn their draft cards and demonstrate against the government. Magruder also spoke of a "certain atmosphere" that developed in the White House, the feeling that if the dissenters could break the law, then it was legitimate to fight fire with fire. None of this, of course, is any defense whatsoever. It also ignores the vast difference between the activities of the antiwar dissenters, which for the most part were public and open, were not aimed at denying anyone's civil liberties and invited punishment, and those of the Watergate conspirators, which were secret, were a betrayal of public trust and were capped with elaborate attempts to cover up and : evade responsibility and punishment. Nevertheless, Magruder's testimony is the first real evidence we have had of the deeper effects of the years of dissent. There never was any danger that the antiwar dissenters or even the more violent radicals could overthrow the government. Yet by practicing the breaking of the law in the name of a higher morality, by glorifying simple vandalism or hooliganism, by creating such distrust and tension on one campus that National Guardsmen could turn and shoot down their own contemporaries, the antiwar movement created a psychic environment in which the Watergate conspirators could breed. It will remain for historians to judge which was responsible for inflicting the most grievous wound on the body of American democracy — Watergate or the righteous lawlessness of the 1960s. Canada have been stiffened. Many unprepared would-be immigrants have been stopped or have experienced ijengthy delays at the border. On another front, several Canadian provinces have been moving to restrict land sales to U.S. citizens. The issue in Canadian eyes is more than self-interest, it is self-preservation. A problem with U.S. immigrants is that they run heavily to white-collar professionals whose skills are not in short supply in an economy where the employment rate is generally higher than in the United States. On the contrary, newcomers tend to settle in the larger cities and compete with native Canadians for not-so-numerous jobs. And land, as Canada's prime asset, should be reserved first for Canadians. Americans, however, in increasing numbers have been buying choice sites for recreation and investment. Prices in preferred areas such as Ontario's hill and lake country have been forced up too rapidly, often beyond the reach of Canadians themselves. It has not yet come to "Amercan Go Home!" And in any case that would be nothing new to Americans after all the experiences of the postwar decades of superpower. But what makes this situation special is that it is so very close to home. Goldwaterism Left Walter DeVries, political scholar and veteran campaign- consultant, told me once in the aftermath of the Goldwater era: "Nothing of importance that happens to a political party is ever entirely washed away." tt wad a comment on the oft' heard argument that the Re*' publicans could make a clean break and a fresh start after having got the arch-conservative orgy of Goldwaterism "out of their system." No way, said DeVries. First, off, Goldwaterites still held political poWer in many state organizations, especially southern. Secondly, not only some GOP leadership elements but a sizable body of rank and file Republicans still clung hard to the attitudes which had given Goldwater his base support in 1964. Again, this was particularly true in the South, where the new hero was Ronald Reagan of California. History strongly bore out DeVries. When Richard Nixon began his 1968 presidential campaign all-out in late 1967, he first wooed and won the southern Goldwater leadership, lay­ ing down a broad and significant foundation. Rank and file hearts in the South beat harder than ever for Reagan, by then governor of California and seen as Goldwater's natural heir. Mf. Nixon's 'manager* helped the southern leaders keep the rank and file in leash, arguing Reagan Would lose a fall election and also threatening them with the prospect that the alternative to Mr. Nixon was a liberal Nelson Rockefeller, governor of New York, whom they detested. Mr. Nixon also was plausible to many southerners and other Goldwaterites because, while he styled himself a centrist, he had been a good soldier in Goldwater's campaign. Playing that role came easier to the President than many now recall. I heard him in an astonishing October speech near Chicago, which literally had him "out - Goldwatering" Goldwater in certain dramatic assertions about U.S. nuclear defense. It is a simple exercise to note the long, unbroken strain of snti-communism which marked Mr. Nixon's personal political Comment By Bruce Biossat career, and to conclude that this aspect of Goldwaterism thus gave him no problems. But the continuity of which DeVries spoke affects party, not just persons. Therefore, in trying to gauge the White House atmosphere that produced Watergate, it is useful to follow the threads of party attitude much further back. Let's pick, them up in the Franklin D. Roosevelt tti. Republicans long accustomed to national majority party (statu* Were stunned at being cast out of office in 1932, at being smothered in 1936 and later yielding an American president unprece- d(mted third and fourth terms. The GOP couldn't accept it. Party rhetoric rang with talk of a "plot against the people." Early on, it linked Democrat* and^ communism. New York Gov. Thomas Dewey took that Vein in his 1944 joust with Roosevelt. Despite , that, conservatives branded Dewey, his predecessor nominee Wendell Willkie, General Eisenhower, even the 1960 Nixon as "me-tooers," copies of the "platting" Democrats. Cnly with Goldwater did they get "one of their own." Mr. Nixon read the cue. In 1967-68 he played to them. But men like H. R, (Bob) Haldeman, former top aide, felt long ago he had the "right stuff." And durable threads tie many Nixon aides, young and old, to that earlier era most know only from the books. (Newspaper Enterprise Assn.) IRS Does Fast Shuffle on Tax WASHINGTON - The nation's 1,600 largest corporations, many of which strenuously resist audit of their tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service, have just saved tens of millions in back taxes thanks to a go-fast order issued to IRS auditors. Instructions were sent from Washington last October 27 informing agents they had a mere eight months, until June 1973, to finish examining all tax returns filed by the giant corporations prior to 1970. No extra agents were assigned to handle the huge workload. The actual time spent auditing returns from companies with assets over a quarter of a billion dollars declined from 927 man years in fiscal 1972 to 872 man years in fiscal 1973. Result: Shoddy audits of the industrial giants. MANY AGENTS were understandably shocked when they received word from Washington. "You just didn't have time to do a proper audit," one agent complained. "All you could do was hit the high spots, drop all the other issues and get out by June;" A field auditor based in New York admitted the new directive forced him. to ignore all dubious tax items under $10,000 in cases he was examining. "It's ironic," still another agent confided, "but the one class of taxpayers who are most productive (in tax revenue) ,are getting a fast shuffle." The official reasoning for the accelerated order was IRS concern that agents working on. large cases had fallen too far behind in their work. So the new instructions were issued, in effect depriving the Treasury of millions. Footnote: For its part, The IRS denies that recent audits are of low quality, citing use of computers and extra clerical help to assist, beleaguered agents. However, such modifications were applied only to a Comment By Jack Anderson fraction of the 1,600 cases under IRS review. OFFICIAL VACATION: Lame duck Federal Trade Commissioner Mary Gardiner Jones recently vacationed in Israel at the expense of the taxpayer even though the FTC's travel office had refused to approve it. So questionable was the jur- ney that FTC Executive Director Basil Mezines, who handles the commissioner's travel arrangements, would not sign her travel order. He bucked it to Chairman Lewis Engman who obligingly signed it to avoid a fuss with his volatile lady co- commissioner. All told, the trip cost the taxpayers about $1,000 as tabulated from Miss Jones' expense accounts which we have obtained. The resourceful regulator got the government,to pay the air fare for her week-long vacation by coupling it with an "official" visit. Here's how sho worked it: Her accounts show that she paid her own expenses in Israel for one week but charged the United States for expenses on the second week. Although the "official" part of her trip was at Israel's invitation, she admitted to us that she had doubts about taking the trip so Close tocher September departure from FTC. "I wasn't sure the chairman would approve it," she conceded, then burst out: "Why are you trying to pillory, a person who has given her life's blood to the consumer?" Actually, Commissioner Jones' blood-giving to the consumer has been desultory. Earlier this year, she infuriated consumers by concealing FTC data about the conglomerate high-jinks of ITT, Gulf and Western and Litton. In past years, she stalled action against abuses by the AAMCO transmission firm. She also favored a questionagle merger of United Fruit with AMK meat packers at a time when it was being pushed by President Nixon's law firm. And, while she Was lobbying to get the chairmanship of the commission in 1969, she flipflopped and voted for a Neiman-Marcus merger with Broadway-Hale. One of Broadway-Hale's lawyers was her loyal supporter for the chairman's job. Footnote: Although she is still making FTC decisions,-she has. flirted with Mongomery Ward about a job. Montgomery Ward has major cases before the FTC. Miss Jones insists, nevertheless, she has fended off serious talk about employment in industry until she leaves the FTC. THE MAILBOX Trash Problem Editor, Register-Mail: Yes I would like to know what's up when it comes to getting something done in our fair, city. I have worked like mad trying to get trash trucks properly covered and I understand they have deputized a certain fellow to turn back all trucks which litter their way to the city dump. (He must be on vacation). They come by our home with branches so much too long for their trucks that they drag the road. All kinds of trucks, even city trucks go uncovered. I can see why it's going to be hard for them to locate any- Lctters to the Editor Crossword Puzzle where else because of this problem. Who wants this kind of mess before they get to the dump. Now we live at least 3 miles from the dump and they make a short cut through here because they know they are in the wrong. Also a field of weeds is across from us which is waist deep. The farmer couldn't get his crop in so we have beautiful weeds. If they get cut, then we are annoyed with motorcycles racing over there or mini bikes (now this noise is disturbing the peace and why doesn't the mayor do something about it)? Well there is lots more I could say but won't at the present time. Hope this gets in the paper to help everyone with this problem — Nova Goedeke, Galesburg. The Open Road Answer to Previous Funis m ACROSS 1 Common road sign 5 Sightseeing , trip 9 Road 12 Reduced hematin (biochem.) 13 Feminine name 14 Bombast 15 Sea eagle 16 Passenger carrying system 18 Those who guide cars 20 Possess 21 Tokyo's former name 22 Depot (ab.) 24 Medium (ab.) 24 Bryophytfc DOWN 1 Farm building 2 Territory (ab.) 3 AU (comb, form) 4 Irritate 5 Glazed Spanish pans 6 Fuegian Indians 25 Feminine 7 One (comb, suffix form) 26 Clock face, 8 Unit of 28 Khond earth reluctance goddess 9 Cat sound 29 10 Wolfhound Stravinsky 11 Small cushion 30 Masculine 17 Bellowed name 19 Dutch city 31 Vended 22 For (Ital.) 33 Originate 23 Indian cymbal 26 Tierces (ab.) 27 Firths 32 Of the ear 34 Fast move* ment (music) 35 Used to turn over a motor 38 Plaything 39 Choice 42 Warning color 43 Peer Gynt's mother 44 Sweet potato 46 Permit 48 Regards highly 52 Surfaced road 55 He loves (Latin) 56 Stopped at diner 57 Poker stake 58 Polite 59 Number 60 European river 61 Allowanoe ior waste plant mollusk 41 Boy's nickname 45 Intended 46 Tardy 47 Not odd 48 Grafted (her.) 49 Arabian ruler 50 Nutmeg spice 51 Printing direction 52 Light touch 37 Summer (Fr.) 53-—Tse-tung 40 Marine 54 Conclusion Abe and Senate Editor, Register-Mail: I always thrill when I hear Carl Sandburg quoted — as he was at the Senate hearings on Watergate. His story of Lincoln's visit with the Senate members of the Committee on the Conduct of the (Civil) War was heard on television. It is interesting at this time to review Sandburg's story. Talk floated all over Washington that Mrs. Lincoln was guilty of treason. Of course no one can tell a story the way Galesburg's Carl Sandburg could tell it even though the late and great Edmund Wilson accused him of romantic rubbish about Lincoln. But Sandburg's story was not rubbish. Lincoln indeed made that visit. He had to. In the first year in Washington Mrs. Lincoln got more publicity than Martha Mitchell — not to mention the President himself. The personal publicity in the Northern press was not favorable. Slanderous accusations were made. She was described as two-thirds pro-slavery and the other third was "secesh." To protect her, William 0. Stoddard opened her mail. Lincoln, as Sandburg describes it took things in hand. When the Senate members were assembled one morning, they are startled to see Abe. He told them positively that his wife was not holding treasonable communications with the enemy. Actually the matter wasn't dropped — as indicated by Sandburg. Perhaps the committee did, but not Washington. She was a target all the time. She had a disease: the shopping disease. She bought more than the Lincolns could afford; she gave parties when the nation was at (Continued on Page 24) 1 r r r* V r \ w ir 12 13 I 14 IS 16 J 18 .1 1 21 w W u ft 26 1 1 » Si ••• 32 • • 34 35 1 •31 39 X K 43 w 46 47 1 49 50 8i" 52 !T w 56 67 58 59 66 61 e galesburg Register-Mail (NIWSPAPER INTimiSI ASSN.) Office 140 South Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois, 61401 TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 343-7181 Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Daily except Sundays and Holidays other than Washington's Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans Day. Ethel Custer Pritchard, publisher; Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Robert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson, assistant to the editor; James p'Con- nor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives: Ward Griffith Co., Inc., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 50c a Week By RFD mail in our retail trading zone: 1 Year £16.00 3 Months 85 25 6 Months $ 9 .00 1 Month 12.00 No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery service- By Carder in retail trading, zone outside City of Galesburg 50c a Week By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: 1 Year $22.00 3 Months $6.00 6 Months $12.00 1 Month $2.50 By mail outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri: 1 Year $26.00 3 Months 87 .50 6 Months $14.50 1 Month |3.U9

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