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Rome Paper of 70 Communities Qalesburg Register-Mail A Better IS etcs paper Weather Stripe Yellow Sunny and Warmer on Sunday After Readings In the Forties Tonight VOLUME LXXII —241 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Freed Americans Speechless on Return MIXED EMOTIONS—Rev. Walter Ciszek, involved in the swap of prisoners by the United States and Russia, was greeted by two family sisters this morning as he arrived in the United States by plane after being held in Russia for about 23 years. The three, Mrs. Helen Gearhart, left, and Sister Evangeline, smiled faintly as they posed for photographers at Idlewild Airport within moments after their reunion. UNIFAX GLUM—Members of the Makinen family failed to show any particular sign of elation after they were reunited this morning at Idlewild Airport in New York. Marvin Makinen, who was convicted of spying in the Soviet Union, is shown walking away from the airport with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Makinen, their first meeting in almost three years. The son was noncommittal when questioned by newsmen. UNIFAX Rediscover Native Land, Columbus Day NEW YORK (AP)-Two Americans held captive in the Soviet Union for a combined total of 23 years were practically speechless when they rediscovered their native land today — approximately, Columbus Day. The two, a Roman Catholic Jesuit priest and a young scholar, tried to express their feelings at their release in a two-for-two spy trade between the United States and Russia. But the words stuck in their throats. The ruddy face of the Rev. Walter M. Ciszek, 58, a Soviet captive for 23 years, crinkled into a smile when newsmen greeted him at Idlewild Airport and called him "Father." "The last time I was called that was in 1941," he said. Used Interpreter Father Ciszek spoke at first through an interpreter in Polish. But suddenly he began speaking English again, a language he used little during his confinement. The student, Marvin W. Makinen, 24, of Ashburnham, Mass., was reticent for the most part. To most queries he answered, "I have no comment on that," or "I'll wait on that question." "How do you feel, Marvin?" he was asked. "I'm okay," he said. Asked how he was treated during his two years in captivity, Makinen asked that the question be repeated and then answered, "No comment." Father Ciszek said there would be "no discussion" on the subject of whether he had said Mass in Russia. Was he still authorized to say Mass? newsmen pressed. "Of course," interrupted his interpreter, the Rev. Edward McCawley. "Once a priest, always a priest." Worked as Mechanic Father Ciszek said he was actually behind bars only five of his 23 years in captivity. He said he worked in Siberia as an auto mechanic and that he had had very friendly relations with the Russian people. Newsmen asked if there was any sign of religious freedom in the Soviet Union. "There was religious freedom," Father Ciszek replied, weighing each word, "in churches allowed by the state." He said he lost track of all international developments during his confinement. "I want to rest awhile," the priest said when asked his plans now. "I am very tired." Leave by Plane At Idlewild Airport the two Rus sians, Ivan D. Egorov, 44, and his wife, Aleksandra, 39, departed by plane for Moscow via Copenhagen. The person-for-person exchange was announced Friday afternoon when charges against the Soviet couple were dismissed in Brooklyn federal court. Father Ciszek was arrested by Soviet authorities 23 years ago on the Polish border and was sentenced to a 25-year prison term as a spy. In 1947, when his father died and the family estate was probated, Father Ciszek was declared legally dead. Not a word came from behind the Iron Curtain until 1955, when a letter arrived at the convent of the Bernadette order of St. Francis in Reading, Pa. The letter was addressed to Mother Mary Evangeline, Father Ciszek's sister. Conveyed News She in turn conveyed the news to another family member, Sister Conrad, also a member of the Bernadette order. Another sister of Rev. Ciszek, Helen Gerhardt, lives in Washington D.C. The family got in touch with the State Department, and last August relatives were informed by Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy that the priest's release was expected. Makinen was on vacation in the Soviet Union after a scholarship year at the Free University in West Berlin. He was arrested in Kiev July 27, 1961, for assertedly photographing military objectives. He was sentenced to two years in prison plus six years in a corrective labor camp. Soviets Baek Down, Convoy Is Released BERLIN (AP) — The Soviet Union backed down today and opened the way into West Berlin for a U. S. Army convoy blocked for two days by one of the lesser —though scratchy—issues of the East-West cold war. Virtually 48 hours to the minute after the Russians ' | imposed their blockade, Two Held in Jewel Theft Near Elgin CHICAGO (UPI) - Two men were arrested Friday night in the $20,000 robbery of the Perlman jewelry store in Elgin. Donald Slawek, 23, Chicago, admitted to police he staged the robbery Thursday, the same day he was indicted for a Chicago robbery. He is free on $30,000 bond. Chicago police said Slawek implicated his cousin, John Slawek, 24, Chicago, in the robbery. Jewelry store owner Milton Perlman identified the two. Elgin detectives were expected to return the cousins to Kane County today. When arrested Friday night, Donald Slawek was carrying an attache case containing $2,500 worth of gems. He was taken into custody at the home of James Karnszes, 26, Chicago, Karnszes was charged with receiving stolen property. Detectives said the Slaweks were traced through a car they used to follow Perlman before the robbery. The bandits, armed with a long barreled revolver, entered the Perlman store Thursday morning and forced the owner and a clerk, Mrs. Judith Kimball, into a back room, where they were bound with wire. The gunman cleaned out a cash register and scooped up more than 200 diamond rings and fled. One of the bandits told Mrs. Kimball, "Don't worry about it. You 're insured." i they rolled back their armored cars at the Babelsberg checkpoint and permitted the con voy to continue the final 1V4 miles to its station in this isolated city The U.S. Army had won its point. The whole issue — which raised a storm of protest from the United States and its Allies- was over whether American troops traveling in small convoys on the 110-mile autobahn to West Berlin from West Germany through Communist territory should dismount from their vehicles for a head count by the Russians," an Army announcement said. It added that the troops were cl e a r e d through Babelsberg "in accordance with established procedures." Inopportune Time The Soviet action came at time when the United States and the Soviet Union were meeting in attempts to ease cold war tensions. Involved were 205 American soldiers and 43 vehicles. The Berlin-bound convoy of 18 vehicles and 61 men drove straight to its barracks in the American sector of West Berlin. An outgoing convoy of 144 men and 25 vehicles struck out 24 minutes later for West Germany. The latter was sent to Babels berg from West Berlin Friday to support the incoming convoy. The Russians passed it after the soldiers dismounted for a head count. The Western Allies have allowed larger convoys to be counted, calling this a courtesy to the Russians.. West Germans who would be directly affected by any serious confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in Berlin watched the 48-hour test of nerves with high interest. Gravedigger Dies WOTTON-UNDER-EDGE, England (UPI) — Gravedigger Horace Webb, 62, collapsed and died in his churchyard Friday minutes after digging a grave for a cousin who was being buried today. Checkup on Smoking Is About Ready WASHINGTON (AP) - The scientific jury sitting in judgment of the link between smoking and health is nearing the end of its deliberations. Probably its cumulative mind is already made up in many areas —and reports indicate fairly complete agreement in its views. Its report to the nation is expected before the end of the year and could come at any time. There are reports that drafts of the Advisory Committee on Smoking and Health's deliberations or parts of its judgment are already in private government circulation, but panel spokesmen insist the final report has not yet been formulated. Verdict Awaited Probably not since the long wait for a verdict on the Salk polio vaccine has a scientific health decision raised such interest. But it may be disappointing, to a degree, when it finally comes. It will restrict itself to the validity or invalidity of reported links between smoking and health. It will not suggest legislation, or action— or at least that is not its present intent. The panel met for the first time last November—and that meeting was mostly organization. The panelists didn't get down to the facts of the case until last January and March. Charges of Pressure There have been charges of politically instigated delays. Certainly many have wondered if pressures have been exerted, considering the tobacco industry's size and influence. Tobacco taxes run into the billions and tobacco farms to the hundred thousands. But there is no evidence of any political or other interference in the jury's deliberation. Spokesmen for the panel deny there has been any. The panel was selected from nominations of health agencies, federal units and the tobacco industry. Helicopters Disinfect Flood Area BELLUNO, Italy (AP) — The vast Vaiont dam disaster area was sealed off today as helicopters sprayed chlorine disinfectant to prevent the outbreak of epidemics. Local officials warned of the possibilities of another landslide, similar Berbers Move Back Before Armed Troops ALGIERS (AP)-Rebel Berber tribesmen retreated deeper into the Kabylie Mountains today before superior government forces, but they vowed to wage a relentless guerrilla war. The Berbers gave ground in the second day of combat as a 10-day war of insults with President Ahmed Ben Bella's regime gave way to actual shooting Friday. With medium tanks, bazookas and recoilless canon, the government troops blasted through a Berber roadblock at Ft. National and took Michelet, with a population of 4,000, and two other towns. Hawkins Confirmed WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Senate confirmed the nomination of Willis M. Hawkins Jr. of California as assistant secretary of the Army tor research and development Friday succeeding Finn J. Larsen. Loser Gets Revenge BOLOGNA, Italy (UPI) - Pvt. Luigi Tovaglione, 24, a soldier in charge of sorting mail at Army base near here, was charged today with tearing up love letters addressed to other soldiers because his own girlfriend had jilted him. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 20 PAGES Abingdon 9 Amusement 5 Bushnel! 5 Churches 6- 7 Classified Ads 17-18-19 Comics-TV-Radio 16 Editorial 4 Food Section 10-11 Galva 5 Hospital Notes 5 Knoxville - » Markets 20 Monmouth 8 Obituary 17 Sports 13-14 Weather 2 Women in the News 3 massive to the one that plunged into the dam from Mt. Toe Wednesday and sent a cascade of water down the Alpine valley, causing an estimated 3 ,000 deaths. Since Wednesday, rocks and earth have rumbled down Mt. Toe in small landslides, keeping fears of new major avalanches alive. Rescue workers continued digging mass graves for the 1,700 bodies recovered in what has been recorded as modern Italy's worst natural disaster. Buried Under Mud Another 1,300 persons are believed to be buried under the sea of mud that marks an area once dotted by picturesque villages. While thousands of Italian Army troops and volunteers dug feverishly, legislators and survivors charged that authorities had failed to heed warnings that landslides could unleash a catastrophic flood from the artificial lake. The government ordered an investigation and there was a clamor for a parliamentary probe that likely would have repercussions in Italy's next government, expected to be launched next month. Mass graves were dug hurriedly three miles from Langarone to head off the possibilities of an epidemic. All persons in the area were ordered inoculated. Use Flame Throwers Squads armed with flame throwers moved through the desolated Alpine valley, destroying carcasses of farm animals. Adding to the urgency was the fear among Belluno officials that another landslide would occur and send another wall of water over the huge dam, the third highest in the world. The dam was slightly damaged in last Wednesday's tragedy and millions > of tons of water still remain in it. Butler Fears Disaster If Labor Wins BLACKPOOL, England (AP)— Richard Austen Butler claimed today a Labor victory in Britain's next general election will be "an unmitigated national disaster." The British deputy prime minister, 60, key figure in the dramatic struggle for leadership of the Conservative movement and government, was speaking to a mass rally of party workers. His chances of succeeding stricken Harold Macmillan as prime minister depended on the reception he wins from the 4,000 Tory delegates listening to him. The powerful group thrust Foreign Secretary Lord Home into the struggle for the succession in an effort to block Butler and --ord Hailsham, the science minister. In a sweeping survey of Conservative policy and planning, Butler sought to stir his audience with a call to electoral victory: "Let us teach them a lesson," he cried in a reference to Harold Wilson's Socialists. "Let us beat them once again. For a fourth Conservative victory will mean the end for all time of the immature nonsense of socialism." Turning to foreign affairs, Butler pledged a Conservative government will press its allies "to keep the momentum of negotiation" going with the Russians. The deputy prime minister made no direct reference in his speech to the question of the succession which has torn the Tory party wide open since Macmillan was rushed to the hospital Tuesday for an operation. Butler has served as acting prime minister under Sir Winston Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden (now Lord Avon), and Macmillan. Police Check Disorders by Mass Arrests By UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL Civil rights demonstrations brought mass arrests Friday in Chicago and St. Louis but Birmingham, Alii, tried to avoid such disorder. A Police broke up two sit-in demonstrations in thp Chicago Board of Education Building and hauled .41 demonstrators to the police JFK to Tour East WASHINGTON (UPI) - President Kennedy will make a one- day trip to New England Oct. 19 to speak at the University of Maine in Orono and a Democratic Party dinner in Boston. The White House said Friday the Chief Executive would fly to Bangor, Maine, early on the morning of Oct. 19, speak at a special university convocation in nearby Orono, then make an aerial tour of the site for a proposed Passamaquoddy Bay power project before going to Boston. Woman With Transplant Comfortable NEW ORLEANS (UPI)-A still unidentified Louisiana woman, with two kidneys transplanted from a Rhesus monkey in her body, was reported resting com -i fortably today by doctors at Tulane University hospital. The doctors announced Friday the first successful transplant of an animal kidney into a human body in the history of medicine. The operation was performed Tuesday. Dr. Keith Reemtsma, spokesman for the surgical team that performed the transplant, said "the only way to find out if animal organs will function in human beings is to try them." Reemtsma said the woman's kidneys were still in her body and if the monkey's kidneys fail to operate normally, they can be removed and she will be no worse off than before the operation. The doctor said time is an important factor in all kidney transplants. He said the woman was prepared for the operation in a charity hospital at the same time that the monkey was prepared at Tulane University. The kidneys were swiftly removed, cleaned, and rushed to the charity hospital and inserted in the woman's right side. Crash One-Sided KANSAS CITY, Mo. (UPI) The left side of Mrs. Clara Bertier's station wagon was badly damaged in a two-vehicle accident Friday. There was no visible damage, however, to the other vehicle—-a 26-ton, M-41 tank that plowed into her car. station. The sit -ins £re aimed at forcing the resignation of School Supt. Benjarqui C. Willis, a target of civil rights groups who claim there is "de facto" segregation in Chicago city schools. | \ Thirty persons, including two aldermen and a state represep t§- tive, were picked up by polhSb during a demonstration at a St. Louis Bank. Demonstrators, trying to force the bank to nlre Negro workers, entered the bank in defiance of a court restraining order. Suggest Hiring At Birmingham, a city-appointed biracial committee reconv mended that Mayor Albert Boutwell announce the city will employ Negro policemen. Negro leaders, including Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., have demanded that 25 Negro policemen be hired within two weeks or massive racial demonstrations will be resumed. Elsewhere in the nation: Albany, Ga.: A federal jury continues deliberations today in the trial of integration leader W. G. Anderson, charged with obstructing justice by leading a boycott against a white grocer who served on a federal jury. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania law forum decided Friday not to have Alabama Gov. George Wallace address the group because of its "serious concern over (the possibility of) civil disorder." New Cultural Group WASHINGTON (UPI) — A permanent national company of the New York - based Metropolitan Opera will be formed as an adjunct of the capital's national cultural center. The White House announced formation of the national company Friday, and said the troupe would stage a nationwide tour in late 1965.