Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 10, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 10, 1963
Page 4
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4 Galesburg Register-Moil, Galesburg, III. Thurs.,Oct, 10,1963 That Rat!' Tom Little, Nashville Tcnnesscan EDITORIAL Comment and Review Status of Women In tribute to the late Eleanor Roosevelt, President Kennedy chose Oct. 11, her birthday anniversary, as the date to accept a report on "American Women," with recommendations toward their maximum contribution in the world of the future. The study is the work of the President's Commission on the Status of Women, established on Dec. 14, 1961. Mrs. Roosevelt was the only chairman of the Commission. When she died last Nov. 7, the President left the chairmanship vacant, calling Mrs. Roosevelt "irreplaceable." The report, put together by Helen Hill Miller, is the result of work by seven committees whose nearly 100 members included five cabinet officers. It covers employment practices of federal and state governments and firms holding federal contracts, labor laws, legal treatment of women, new services that may be required for women as wives, mothers, special problems of Negro women. Since establishment of the President's Commission, similar bodies have been set up in 18 states, 17 of them a direct result of efforts of the National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs under a program endorsed by President Kennedy last January. Washington's leading proponents of women's causes are, of course, Sen. Maurine Neuberger D-Ore., Sen. Margaret Chase Smith R-Me. and the women members of the House of Representatives. Mrs. Neuberger recently disclosed that she had revived a practice of Mrs. Roosevelt by sending President Kennedy a list of women she feels are qualified for high government posts. Mrs. Roosevelt had supplied him with a similar list in the early days of his administration. Like President Truman but unlike Presidents Roosevelt and Eisenhower, President Kennedy has appointed no woman to his Cabinet. The report of the Kennedy Commission on the Status of Women comes four months almost to the day after the President signed an "equal pay for women" bill, that had been before Congress in one form or another for almost two decades. But the measure has few teeth. The payoff for women will come only when Congress starts extending coverage of the federal minimum wage act to which the equal pay law is tied. By 1970, the Labor Department predicts, one out of every three women in the United States will be working outside the home. Rising income has not affected the prodigious growth of the army of women workers in recent years. More rather than fewer women at the upper end of the income scale are entering gainful employment. Right now a strike of women workers would tie up commerce, industry, and government tight as a new girdle. At the end of the last century not a single nation had granted women political rights. In 1902, however, the women of Australia were given the right to vote in national elections. American women did not receive that right until 1920. Today more than 100 nations extend equal or limited rights to women. Giving women the vote has not brought the cleansing influence into politics that was expected. But it has immeasurably improved the political, social, and economic status of women in this and other countries. The ladies, bless 'em, are going great guns in their race to equality. But they still expect you to take off your hat in an elevator. Tax (yawn) Cut (ho-hum,zz) The progress of President Kennedy's Ill- billion tax cut measure through Congress has been curious at almost every stage. It never really has had the popular steam behind it that one might expect for the most sweeping tax reduction plan in a generation or more. To be sure, it has passed the House. And it would very likely win a favorable Senate vote if it could, in 1963, get past the roadblocks of hostile committee chairmen and time-consuming civil rights legislation. But if the public clamor had been great enough the tax bill could well have become law long before this. It never developed. One can hardly believe that the idea of having more money in the wallet has lost appeal for the American citizen. If he is as money-hungry as often pictured by his detractors at home and abroad, why did he not beat on the lawmakers' doors to demand passage of the massive cut? The answers can be only tentative. For one thing, the real administration argument for the tax reduction is subtle and complex. The citizen, acting through his representatives, is asked to approve cuts which will materially increase the federal deficit — in order to increase prosperity and thereby multiply jobs. But in the ordinary mind deficits and prosperity do not go together. There is no sign the Kennedy administration has sold this notion effectively. It is easy to believe the opponents of the bill made real headway with arguments that reduction has to be linked with comparable cuts in federal spending. Sophisticated specialists in public finance keep saying that a government budget is nothing like a family budget, and therefore that it is foolish to insist that the same kind of careful balancing is required in the public sphere. Here again, however, the feeling grows that this idea is not widely accepted or perhaps understood by the general public. The fine-spun theories of public finance experts .seem apart from the everyday budget realities of the average citizen. It is also possible that among those citizens—and lawmakers—who can follow the administration argument without difficulty there are some who just don't think it is realistic. They may believe that the cut won't stimulate the economy as suggested. Or they may feel that the steadily rising cost of government makes a climb out of a projected deeper deficit trough very unlikely even after several years have passed. On top of all these conjectures must be added another. The hurt to the economy from persisting unemployment is neither great enough nor sufficiently widespread to affect personally more than a fair percentage of the American people. Millions and millions have steady employment. To them the whole tax cut plan may seem not only unwise but unnecessary. Somewhere amid these speculations lies an explanation for the oddity that in 1963 the biggest tax cut proposed in many moons has stirred almost no popular excitement. r. Cite Complete Breakdown in Castro Economy By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - The beard Is something more than a revolutionary symbol in Castro Cuba. It is economic necessity. Razor blades sell for $5 a piece in this workers' paradise; a car* ton of cigarettes for $10. Turkeys are sale-priced at $60; and used shoes for $65. Reports of a complete breakdown in the Castro economy have been brought here by refugees who fled Cuba late last month. Orestes Alvarez, a 22- year-old taxi driver, regularly drove between Havana and Cam- agucy, 400 miles to the east. He tells of a "catastrophic" lack of food: "There is no food in Havana, but the countryside is much worse off. It is frightening. You can buy some things on the black market, but they are very ex­ pensive and they are controlled by the militia and the Soviet bloc occupation troops. Russians sell American goods, especially cartons of cigarettes. They have huge quantities of them and sell them for $8 to $10 a carton." The cigarettes must be smoked in secret, for anyone caught with them "is sent to jail." Alvarez says the Russians do a thriving business in U.S. razor blades at $60 a dozen. Soviet blades are so terrible, he says, that Cubans tell the following joke: A MAN GOES to a drug store where the only razor blades he can buy are Soviet ones. He asks the clerk for soap with which to shave. There is none. The clerk then says: "When you use Russian blades, the tears are sufficient lubricant." Like many refugees, Alvarez was interviewed in Miami by ex­ perts of the Citizens Committee for a Free Cuba, Another recent arrival queried by committee in* terrogators was Francisco Qui* tano, who says rations in Havana (the country's best supplied city) have been severely cut. "The three-pound ration of rice every 15 days has now been cut to VA pounds," he says. Beans are available in half- pound quantities only twice a month, while fruit is non-existent A fluorishing black market exists in all these commodities, according to escapees, with government authorities including members of the militia, running the illegal show. Victor Fonesco, of Caiberien in the central Province of Las Villas, reported October 1 that meat and fowl can be found only on the black market. "A hen costs $15 to $20," he said, "while turkeys, when they can be found cost over $60." EVEN ICE Is scarce. Eduardo Montesinos, a veteran iceman in a plant outside Havana, says: "What little ice is made, restricted by the impurity of the water and lack of ammonia, goes to the government - owned tourist bars. Therefore, the normal price for 100 pounds of ice ($2) has gone up to $6 or $7 on the black market." Montesinos reports that lines of 400 and 500 people begin forming at 4 a.m. to buy chips of ice for a nickel or a dime. Another exile, Luis Reyes, was asked how Castro could feed 1,200 delegates to the communist- run conference of architects held recently in Havana. He replied: "The communists took food from government warehouses to the hotels in midtown Havana. Trucks full of food were sent so the architects would have the impression that food wis plentiful. The former Trader Vic's at the Hilton Hotel, the Mandarin Restaurant in Radio Center, the Crazy Cat, the National Hotel, all were fully stocked. "The communists even went so far as to have new uniforms made for workers of the Ministry of Pubic Works, who were put to work breaking up the sidewalks in hotel areas to give the impression that some of the hotels built in 1957 and 1958 were still under construction." Escapee Jose Luis Fundora, 21, tells of a terrible shortage of clothing. Second-hand shoes go for $50 to $65. He said "American Florsheims which haven't seen too much wear will bring $200." Second-hand slacks are priced anywhere from $30 to $60. Women's shirts sell for $50. Copyright 1963 Doubt Raised on U.S. Capacity of 'Overkill 9 By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN IT WOULD be nice if the experts on nuclear strategy would only tie up the loose ends in their arguments. I say this after having spent a good deal of effort trying to get to the bottom of the theory that insists we have enough atomic "overkill" to put the Russians out of business many times over. Here we have Senator Randolph of West Virginia insisting that we have enough atomic warheads in stock and enough delivery strength to obliterate the 140 largest cities in the Soviet Union some 1,250 times, and this assuming that 30 per cent of our rocket and bombing plane power fails to arrive on target. If this is true, it must seem that the U.S. taxpayer is being played for a sucker every time another penny is taken from him to add to the atomic stockpile. The Senator apparently obtained his figures from Seymour Melman of Columbia University, who breaks down our delivery strength into impressive details. We have, so Dr. Melman tells us, 1,300 strategic bombers, 1,150 navy bombers, and 940 strategic missiles ready to drop 22,000 megatons of explosives on the enemy —or enough to knock out all the cities in the world of 100,000 population 125 times. We could, so the Melman argument runs, take on everybody from the Russians to the Chinese and back to the Cubans and win. Of course, we might have considerable of our own dead to count, and the atomic dust blowing about the world might make the survivors mighty sick, but at least we would not have to truckle to a rapacious victor. The Senator Randolph-Melman figures, and others that are comparable to them, have always impressed me. But now comes Dr. Stefan Possony, who has worked with Naval Intelligence and the National War College, to cast the whole theory of "overkill" in doubt. In a report written for the American Security Council, Dr. Possony argues that our 3,350 "delivery vehicles" (planes and missiles added together) would not be utilized primarily to the end of pulverizing Soviet cities. They would have to be turned loose in the first instance against the launching sites and the airfields of the enemy in order to knock out the primary dangers. SINCE the Soviets have their own "overkill," it would be a question of one nation's "overkill" being used to hunt down and destroy the "overkill" of the other. This means that big cities on both sides would be ignored for the simple reason that they are not military objectives. The question becomes one of having enough bombs and vehicles around to take care of the enemy's "hardened delivery sites," which are spotted all over, presumably often far away from cities. According to Dr. Possony's calculations, the Soviet Union has 200 long-range and 1,400 medium- range bombers, eighty-five intercontinental ballistic missiles, 700 medium-range ballistic missiles, THE MAILBOX Age Discrimination Editor, Register-Mail: I was surprised but pleased when I read the article in the Register - Mail 10/7/63, Employment Tertned Best in Nine Years. Mr. Drennan, Mr. Johnson and Mr. Asplund now have an understanding, we, not youths with ability, hope. I had assumed, as probably many other unemployed had, that hiring was done on a basis of age not ability. It did not state how certain local plants are faring, although one company lacked the business courtesy to answer a letter. In another office I was not told I was too old: "We would rather hire younger men." There may be a law against age discrimination. He didn't drop my application in the wastebasket in my presence. I hope the article cheers up a lot of people including the employment office personnel. The last time I was in the office the girl who told me I was too old didn't look very happy. Maybe she was tired of telling applicants they are too old, or felt sorry for me. I hope it was not the latter as I desire employment not sympathy. . . . I'm a U. S. born citizen, not a Hungarian, but will accept work in a bakery. I hope the civil rights bill, if passed, contains a clause against age discrimination. — H. E. Lindstrom, 802 E. South St. Improvements Hailed Editor, Register-Mail: Through the medium of The Mailbox we would like to pub- icly express our appreciation to your newspaper, the local radio stations, and the City of Galesburg for the fine way in which you assisted us in our Week of Dedication services at First Baptist Church. The well-written feature stories by Larry Reid, church editor, which included pictures by Dale Humphrey, did much to acquaint the public with what we have attempted in our building program. These newspaper services, along with announcements by radio stations WGIL and WAIK, were big factors in accounting for the large attendance at our services of dedication and Open House on Sept. 29. We would also like to extend our appreciation to the churches of Galesburg, the clergy and membership, and the general public for joining with us in our dedication events. We would welcome others in the community who would like to tour our new and remodeled facilities, and would always consider it a privilege if our church buildings and program can be of service to the community in which we live.— H. Cleon Johnson, moderator; Malcolm G. Shot well, pastor. FINDING THE WAY This Pride We Need By RALPH W. LOEW. D.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. A FEW DAYS AGO I was chatting with a young man who leaned against the fender of my car and said, "I probably helped to put this one together. How do you like it?" His remark underscored the fact that we hear that comment all loo seldom. It's a long way from the craftsman who could point to his creation to the worker on the assembly line. Yet this worker in the modern industrial complex had caught something of the same spirit. It is imperative that industry and our mechanized civilization make this possible for its citizens. When the base at Thule was established during World War II, volunteers were sought for that lonely and frigid place. After some months several psychologists visited the base to test the reactions of the men. Said one young man, "I live in Brooklyn. I get up in the morning, break- last at the drugstore, go to the office, have my dinner nearby, see a show and come home. For the first time in my life, I am now able to feel that 1 can put something of me into my work." It has been the glory of America that a man could find the incentive to live creatively with a sense of freedom and a kuowledge of personal dignity. The very complexities of today's life make that difficult, but it ought not to be defeated any more than contemporary industry defeats the old craftsmanship. Newbolt, the philosopher, once said, "A great man is great not because he happens to have adventures but because he is the cause of adventures and makes a change in those who experience them." A NATION is great for the same reason. Causes are great for the same reason. Labor and management have the need to reinterpret their n«eds, their common aspirations and their mutual responsibility in every generation or the meaning of this greatness which causes adventures slips from us. Somehow, we shall have to know what it is that we are trying to put together. We can 't reduce craftsmen to automatons and expect these same automatons to find a great sense of loyalty to work, or to environment — for that matter, to existence itself. WE CAN'T return to the old days of the shoemaker, the leatii- erworker, the woodworker and the other craftsmen; yet our very ingenuity needs to be matched by the bringing of a renewal of the values that held life together in the days of the crafts. We need to be intelligent enough to help a man put himself into his work. His very vocational pride depends upon the fact that he can live a meaningful life in gratitude for God's goodness. This is one of the challenges modern man confronts, lest he defeat himself. REMINISCING Of B Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Friday, Oct. 10, 1913 Arthur Swank, for a number of years identified with the automobile business in Galesburg, purchased the Main Automobile garage from Frank Clark. George Craig, Galesburg monument dealer, and E. S. Willard were crossing the Santa Fe tracks when their car stalled. The two men leaped from the vehicle before it was struck by a freight train. TWENTY YEARS AGO Sunday, Oct. 10, 1943 Constance Cummins was starring in the motion picture, "Somewhere in France" featured at the West Theater. Members of the Home Culture Club were entertained in the home of Mrs. Nellie Ashmore, 581 N. Seminary St. and 100 to 200 missiles available for launching from submarines. Dr. Possony doesn't think the Russians would go to war with the U. S. with fewer than 300 intercontinental missiles ready to fire at us. But when the Russians do reach the point of possessing 300 long­ distance atomic killers, the U.S. might be hard put to it to assemble enough delivery strength of its own to negate the enemy's power. INSTEAD of "overkilling" civilians in cities, our bombers and rocket delivery men would have to turn their attention to such details as suppressing the enemy's anti-aircraft defenses in order to get our own bombs in. Just suppose, says Dr. Possony, that the Soviet Union has 750 ground-to- air and anti-missile rocket sites. Add to these his 100 airbases, his launching sites for 300 intercontinental missiles and 700 medium- range missiles, and figure out the number of targets our own atomic force would have to pulverize before it could even turn its attention to cities. There would be 1,850 targets before a single city or munitions plant could be touched — and with two warheads allowed per target, the figure needed for almost certain "kill," a total of 3,700 "delivery vehicles" would be engaged merely to keep the enemy from continuing to retaliate. Well, what does this sort of analysis do to the Senator Randolph - Seymour Melman theory that our 3,350 existing "delivery vehicles," many of which are be­ coming obsolescent, are enough to "overkill" the enemy 1,250 times? I'm sure that Dr. Possony hasn't disposed of the theory of "overkill," for people will be uselessly poisoned in any kind of atomic war, but he will require some answering. Copyright 1963 The Almanac By United Press International Today is Thursday, Oct. 10, the 283rd day of 1963 with 82 to follow. The moon is approaching its new phase. The morning stars are Mercury and Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. Those born today include actress Helen Hayes, in 1900. On this day in history: In 1845, the U. S. Naval Academy was formally opened at Fort Severn, Annapolis. In 1911, Chinese revolutionaries overthrew the Manchu dynasty. In 1913, President Woodrow Wilson pressed a button in Washington which caused the last remaining obstruction in the Panama Canal to be blown up. In 1953, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek was sworn in as president of China on the 32nd anniversary of the founding of the republic. A thought for the day — The English novelist, Jane Austen, said: "Those who do not complain are never pitied." Qalesburg lister-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6181 Entered "a Second Claaa Mattel at the Post Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under let of Congress of M~-"h 3. 1876 Dally except Sunday, Ethel Custer Schmlth Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager M. H bddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New Vork, Chicago, Detroit. Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS " The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week By RED mall in our retail trading cone: 1 ifear #10.00 I Months S3 .AO 6 Months « 8.00 1 Month fl M No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier in retail trading COM outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in tuinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route ta retail trading son*. 1 Vear 313.00 8 Months 63.71 6 Months 1 1M 1 Month $1.18 By mall outside Illinois, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year 818.00 8 Months I 0.5O 8 Months 85.00 1 Month 83.00 Crossword Puzzzle Variety Bit ACROSS 1 Feminine appellation 6 Television 11 Projecting member 12 Statues 13 Doctrines 14 Cherub 16 Bitter vetch 17 Before 19 Blood money 20 Afresh 22 Symbol for ruthenium 23 Shoshoneajl Indians 24 Brother of Jacob (Bib.) 26 Lackluster 29 Writing fluid 81 Swedish coin 82 Cravat 83 Dolt 84 Kind of green 37 Fisherman's 6 Genus of geese 6 Holding device 7 Frozen dessert 8 Drone bee 9 Makes into law 10 Large hawk 13 Afternoon social event 15 Hosea (ab.) 18 Floor covering 21 Stayed 23 Serviceable 25 Distinct part 27 Card game 28 Asiatic lake SO Insight 34 Goalkeeper (coll.) 35 Most unusual EU3H soul 36 Candtenut tree 48 Note in Guido'l 38 Take umbrage scale 89 Dinner course 50 Liveliness 40 Legal point (slang) 42 Leather thong 62 Measure of 44 Stain cloth 49 Essential being 63 By way of r gadget >Hii" 40 Highway 41 Manuscript (ab.) 43 Grant use temporarily 45 Auricls 46 Dine 47 Pigpen 48 Slumbers 61 Revolutionary horseman 64 Small islands 65 Feminine name 66 Storehouse 67 Baseball term DOWN 1 Everlasting (poet.) 2 Optical —— 3 Mariner's direction 4 Negative word MIHsVAKB PflprBMiasi AfiSaL v^PwejweagejrejsiiF sBBBnessjBgajsyejpspgssjP SBBBJSBBBJSBBJI

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