Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 10, 1963 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Thursday, October 10, 1963
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8rnnt Ptjwr of Communiti* Weitkef Stripe Brown Chance of Showers on Frfdiy, Warmer tbiilght But Cooler on Friday A Better Nmipapw VOLUME LXXII - 239 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10. 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS 1 f in SleepingTowns ' Thousands T Chief Claims False Front WASHINGTON (AP)—: C. Edwards of Detroit told that Mafia mobsters gross city from rackets and have nesses worth a minimum of another $50 million." Despite this and 69 gangland murders counted in the Detroit area since 1927, he said, "it is the cleanest and least racketridden big city in the country." Edwards said the Detroit Mafia structure appears to be "similar to and directly connected with" the nationwide crime syndicate called Cosa Nostra which mobster-informer Joseph Valachi described in five days of testimony to the Senate Investigations subcommittee. Firmly, Edwards told the subcommittee he was talking from information his men have developed themselves in the years-long fight against organized crime, not on the basis of anything learned from Valachi. He said neither he nor his police have even interviewed Valachi. Edwards said the Mafia seeks to build a false front of legitimacy to mask its infiltration of the business* world. Neatly dressed gangsters, leading outwardly respectable lives, are used for this purpose, he said. He Called them "**"Jekyl and Hyde characters" who • wield great power. A Kennedy Man President Kennedy has nominated Edwards to become a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals. Edwards continues in his police post pending Senate action on the nomination. Valachi capped his testimony with a witness-stand confession that he engineered the 1952 murder of a New York mobster, Eugene Gianinni, who had been spotted as an informer for the federal Narcotics Bureau. Va­ lachi showed no sign of remorse as he told of assigning professional gunmen—his "sharpshooters" —to commit the murder. "Senators, I am testifying with out immunity (from prosecu tion)," the 6 0-year-old mobster said. He is a convicted New York narcotics racketeers, also served a life term for murder, and Police Commissioner George Senate crime probers today $150 million a year in his "infiltrated legitimate busi- claims that now he, too, is under a Cosa Nostra sentence to be slain as an informer. Valachi said he had volunteered to handle the Gianinni killing, and that it had the sanction of New York mobster Vito Genovese, whom he calls Cosa Nostra's dominent figure. Valachi named these cities, in addition to New York and Detroit, in which he said Cosa Nostra maintains "families" or mobs, and the number of men in each of them: Philadelphia, about 100; Boston, 18 to 20; Chicago, about 150; Cleveland, 40 to 50; Los Angeles, about 40; Tampa, about 10; Newark, about 100; Buffalo, 120 to 125; Utica, 40 to 100; New Orleans, "very few." He gave no figure for Detroit. Maemillan Crane Strikes And KiUs Man QnlIighway#ofo* WALNUT, III. (UPI)-A bucket crane struck and killed Harold E. Swanson, a construction worker on' Interstate 30 near here Wednesday. Swanson, of Lacon, was dead on arrival at a hospital. He was employed by the Paul Mary Construction Co. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 24 PAGES Abingdon 19 Amusement € Bushnell S Classified Ads 22-23 Comics-TV-Radio 20 Editorial 4 Galva 6 Hospital Notes 6 Knoxville 19 Markets 18 Monmouth 16 Obituary 21 Sports ...... -14-15 Weather 2 Women in the News — 8-9 Withdraws as Party Leader BLACKPOOL, England (AP) Prime Minister Harold Maemillan announced today he would not be able to lead the Conservative party at the next general elections. Macmillan's announcement was read to the annual conference of the Conservative party by Lord Home, foreign secretary. The prime minister, who underwent a successful operation for removal of his prostate gland in London today, said: "It is now clear that, whatever might have been my previous feelings, it will not be possible for me to carry the physical burden of leading the party at the next general, elections." The elections must be held by October 1964. Macmillan's announcement was contained in a letter written Wednesday. It said: "If the operation, which I am to undergo tomorrow, proves successful it is clear that I will need a considerable period of convalescence. "I would not be able to face all that is involved in a prolonged electoral campaign. j "Nor could I hope to fulfill the tasks of prime minister for any extended period and I have so informed the queen. that it would soon be possible for the customary processes of consultation to be carried on within the party about its future leadership." The conference received the tidings solemnly. It was not, however, unexpected. Iain .Macleod, a party leader, ordered party workers to get cracking now to fight and win the 1964 election. The call by joint party Chairman Macleod roused the 4,000 Conservative delegates to a pitch of enthusiasm. They have been depressed, divided and confused since Macmillan's sudden admission to the hospital touched off a harsh behind-scenes struggle for the succession. CHANGES NAME-^Mrs. Mildred V»tat*i, who now u*es her maiden name «f Mildred Reioa, told newsmen she has been separated from her mobster husband, Joseph Valachi, for five years •luce he ran away with another woman. She lives now with a son w toe Bros*. UNIFA* Water Is Blasted Out of Reservoir By Big Landslide BELLUNO, Italy (AP)—A massive Alpine landslide plunged into a deep, four-mile long reservoir in the night and hurled a tidal wave across the Vaiont Dam upon sleeping villagers in the Piave River Valley. Hundreds perished in the boil- — ing flood. Three hundred bodies had been recovered by dawn and U.S. Army authorities who hurried to help said Italian sources estimated there were 3,000 dead. Four towns with more than 6,000 residents virtually were wiped out and two hamlets on the edge of the reservoir disappeared in the catastrophe. "The sight was just simply terrifying," said Dino Menardi, one of the first pilots to view the desolation. "I have never seen anything like it— not even in horror dreams." Through it all the 873-foot-high concrete dam—the world 's third highest—apparently stood intact. It is part of a hydroelectric complex. Dam Is Intact Reconnaissance by a squadron of four U.S. helicopters led by Maj. Harvey C. Mayse of Wenat- Wk^m ^Oat the waffoFwa£ er had collapsed the dam. "The landslide that plunged into the reservoir apparently caused a huge overflow," Mayse said. "From the air, the dam appeared to be in one piece." The biggest and hardest hit of the towns was Longarone, with a population of 4,600. Surviving officials there estimated their dead alone at 1,500 to .1,700. The community was virtually leveled into a barren, rock- strewn stretch of sand and mud. The vanished hamlets were St. Martino and Viaspesse. Vice Prefect Carlo Prestambur- go said Cadissago, Rivalta and Pirago, with a total population of 1,500 were wiped out. Several other villages including Castellazo, with 1,000 inhabitants, Man Accused of Being Communist Wins Nobel Prize OSLO, Norway (AP) — A Nobel Peace Prize was awarded today to scientist Linus Carl Pauling, a U.S. foe of nuclear tests who long has been a center of controversy in his own land. He has been accused of being a Communist. It is the second Nobel Prize for the professor of chemistry at the California Institute of Technology. In 1954 he won the chemistry award for his research into the forces that hold molecules together. The Norwegian Nobel Committee announced Pauling will be banded the prize for 1962. No award had been anounced for that year. Share Award The 1963 peace prize will go to the International Red Cross Committee and the League of Red Cross Societies. Dr. Pauling's prize amounts to 254,219 Swedish kroner ($49,465) the two Red Cross groups will share the 1963 prize of 265,000 kroner ($50,961), Only one other individual has won more than one Nobel prize. Mrs. Marie Curie received the chemistry prize in 1911 and had shared a physics prize with two others in 1903. Dr. Pauling, an outspoken man, was an early campaigner against were flooded as waters raised the level of the Piave 's upper reaches by 16 feet. Bodies Tumble Along Dozens of bodies tumbled and turned in the flood toward the Adriatic through this area of normally green cattle pastures, vegetables, fruits and sparkling red wine. Some were found in the mud ashore. Countless others were buried deep under rocks and sand. Aside from its town hall on high ground, Longarone virtually was wiped out when the wail of water rushed upon it shortly before midnight. Longarone's survivors said they did not recognize the place. A man sitting on a boulder spoke as if in a daze. "My family was wiped out—destroyed," he said. "I was in Belluno working. We were living here—or maybe there. I don't know." Benvenuta De Mas, another villager, said: "It was worse than »n wtJKpke or Jtonic.boW bardment. Nothing is left. I had friends who lived here—or there. I don't know." She said she and her family woke up feeling the ground trem ble under their home. "We immediately thought of the dam and ran from our beds. We saw flashes like explosions. There was a rush of wind. And suddenly we were standing in water." The flashes apparently were power lines being tumbled by the water. The U.S. Army's Southern European Task Force unit was flying CH34 Choctaw helicopters into the area with the SETAF commander, Maj. Gen. Harrison A. Gerhardt, personally directing the operation. By noon more than 10,000 Italian soldiers, police and Red Cross personnel were in the area. At that hour officials said about 120 injured persons were in various hospitals. In Trieste a seismograph recorded an earth tremor at the time of the landslide. Geologists said they did not know whether the tremor caused the slide, or the slide caused the tremor. "We are 15th graf 114, ta35-26. nuclear tests, insisting they posed a serious threat to the health of mankind now and in future generations. Thought a Red The State Department refused to issue him a passport in 1952 on the grounds he was suspected of being a Communist. Pauling denied this under oath, but insisted on the right to speak his mind and choose his friends. This independence of mind got him into trouble with his neighbors in World War II. He employed a youth of Japanese descent as a gardner at his home in Pasadena, Calif. His home was plastered with "Jap lover" signs. He was born in Portland, Ore., 62 years ago and was graduated from Oregon State College in 1922. Three years later he received his Ph.D. at the California Institute of Technology. After study in Munich, Zurich and Copenhagen, he became professor of chemistry at California Institute of Technology in 1931. EMBRACE— Two survivors of the Italian flood that gushed down on a half dozen villages during the night with an enormous death toll, are shown as they embraced am ft the desolation at Longarone. Although unidentified, It Is assumed the two had been searching for each other and displayed their relief at • photographer recorded s Wheat Sales Draws Sparks and Cheers WASHINGTON (AP) — President Kennedy has SlmttisiTi Stntaa given the green light for the private sale of millions of olttlcs bushels of American wheat to the Soviet Union and other Communist bloc countries. He made it clear that the grain was for use only in the Soviet Union and East — Flood Kills At Least 8 In Malaysia KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (UPD—Police and rescue workers picked their way today through a seven-square-mile area of this city devastated yesterday by a flash flood which killed at least eight persons. Five of the dead were children, and all were Chinese who lived in the area hit by a wall of water Wednesday when a U.S. tin mine reservoir's retaining wall burst after a week's pounding by monsoon rains. Many are still missing in the disaster, which wiped out hundreds of homes and left between 6,000 and 8,000 persons homeless. The mine, an open-pit tin operation, is owned by the Pacific Tin Consolidated Corp. of New York City. It consisted of large pit full of water. Tin ore was dredged up from the bottom by suction. The earthen sides of the pit gave way, allowing the water to cascade into a nearby low-lying area of homes, squatters huts and industrial plants. ern Europe—not in Cuba His decision, which in so many words he said was just good business for the United States, drew both sparks and cheers. The reaction ranged from Democratic Sen. Strom Thurmond's denunciation that it amounted to 'arming our enemy," to Vermont Republican Sen. George Aiken's view that "the deal should prove beneficial to both the United States and the people of the purchasing nations." More Sales Likely In announcing his decision at his press conference Wednesday 1 night after weighing both the political and economic problems involved, the President noted that more such transactions may be in the works. The Soviet bloc countries, he said, "may also wish to purchase from us surplus feed grains and other agriculture commodities," and he added: "After consultation with the National Security Council, and informing the appropriate leaders of the Congress, I have concluded that such sales by private dealers for American dollars or gold, either cash on delivery or normal commercial terms, should not be prohibited by the government." Kennedy did not specify how many bushels and how many dollars would he involved in wheat sale. Kennedy did cite a figure as an example to show how the United States could benefit from the transaction. He said: Gives Example "The sale of 4 million metric tons of wheat, for example, for an estimated $250 million, and additional sums from the use of American shipping, will benefit our balance of payments and gold reserves by that amount and substantially strengthen the economic outlook for those employed in producing, transporting, handling and loading farm products." Plagued by farm problems for years, the Soviet Union and some of its Eastern European satellites were forced to turn to the capitalist West for more grain this year when a drought cut deeply into harvests. The Soviet Union has already closed deals with Canada and Australia. "Basically, the Soviet Union will I be treated like any other cash customer in the world market who is willing and able to strike a bargain with private American merchants," said Kennedy. The sales, however, will involve at least two U.S. government su,b- sidies designed to keep higher priced U.S. wheat and shipping competitive in world trade. And Kennedy made clear that the wheat "will be carried in available American ships, supplemented by ships of other countries as required." Paging Umpires PASADENA, Calif. (UPD -An appeal will be issued to football fans attending a game between Los Angeles State College and Cal Poly of Pomona in the Rose Bowl this Saturday night to donate their eyes after death so that some blind persons may see. Spectators will be asked in the appeal sponsored by the Lions Eye Foundation of Southern California to sign a form authorizing removal of the corneas of their eyes in the event of death for transplanting to the eyes of blind persons. Kennedy Only Seeks Alibi CHICAGO (UPD — The president of the American Farm Bureau said Wednesday night that a decision on selling U. S. surplus wheat to the Soviet Union should not have been made by President Kennedy. Charles B. Shuman said he was not "condemning the sale" of such wheat, but "it should have been decided by Congress." He said the Kennedy administration can use a wheat sale as an "alibi" for the failure of its predictions that prices would drop following the defeat of the wheat referendum last spring. Wheat prices would have improved "regardless of selling to Russia," Shuman said. ft 1 Banghart Bangs Sassy Boys But Wins Acquittal CHICAGO (UPD - Basil (The Owl) Banghart, 62, a handy man with a machine gun in the roar* ing 20s, was free today of charges he slapped two boys who sassed him. Banghart, on parole since 1961 from a 99-year prison term for kidnaping John (Jake the Barber) Factor—a crime Banghart said never occurred—admitted slapping the two 15-year-old boys. "The boys sassed me and Mae (his wife) and called me a name I never took from anyone," Banghart said. He also said the youths scattered leaves on his newly raked lawn. "The next time you have trouble with kids, call a cop," Municipal Court Judge James Murphy told Banghart in acquitting him. "Okay, judge," Banghart replied. •

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