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[ Mm* Piper at Community 4 Weather Stripe Brown Chanct of Showtw on Friday, Warmer Tonight Bui Cooler on il totter Nmtpap» WASHINGTON (AP)—Police Commissioner George C. Edwards of Detroit told Senate crime probers today that Mafia mobsters gross $150 million a year in his city from rackets and have "infiltrated legitimate businesses worth a minimum of another $50 million." Despite this and 69 gangland murders counted in the Detroit area since 1927, he said, "it is the cleanest and least racketridden big city in the country." Edwards said the Detroit Mafia structure appears to be "similar to and directly connected with" the nationwide crime syndicate called Cosa Nostra which mobster-informer Joseph Valachi described in five days of testimony to the Senate Investigations subcommittee. Firmly, Edwards told the subcommittee he was talking from information his men have developed themselves in the years-long fight against organized crime, not on the basis of anything learned from Valachi. He said neither he nor his police have even interviewed Valachi. •' • I L Edwards said the Mafia seeks to build a false front of legitimacy to ma|k its infiltration of the busi- i&ldi W»M Neatly dressed gangsters, leadiiig outwardly respectable lives, are used for this purr se. he said. He tailed them _ . • . JekVl and Hyde character's" who Swanson ' a construction worker on Interstate 80 near here Wednes- claims that now he, too, is under a Cosa Nostra sentence to be slain as an informer. Valachi said he had volunteered to handle the Gianinni killing, and that it had the sanction of New York mobster Vito Genovese, whom he calls Cosa Nostra^ dominent figure. Valachi named these cities, in addition to New York and Detroit, in which he said Cosa Nostra maintains "families" or mobs, and the number of men in each of them: Philadelphia, about 100; Boston, 18 to 20; Chicago, about 150; Cleveland, 40 to 50; Los Angeles, about 40; Tampa, about 10; Newark, about 100; Buffalo, 120 to 125; Utica, 40 to 100; New Orleans, "very few." He gave no figure for Detroit. Crane Strikes 1 Kills Man WALNUT, 111. (UPI)-A bucket crane struck and killed Harold E. day. wield great power. A Kennedy Man President Kennedy has nominated Edwards to become a judge | on arrival at a hospital, of the U.S. Court of Appeals. Ed- Swanson, of Lacon, was dead He was employed by the Paul wards continues in his police post!Mary Construction Co. pending Senate action on the nomination. Valachi capped his testimony with a witness-stand confession | z SECTIONS that he engineered the 1952 murder of a New York mobster, Eugene Gianinni, who had been spotted as an informer for the federal Narcotics Bureau. Va lachi showed no sign of remorse as he told of assigning professional gunmen—his ' 'sharpshooters'' —to commit the murder. "Senators, I am testifying without immunity (from prosecution)/ 9 the 6 0-year-old mobster said. He is a convicted New York narcotics racketeers, also served a life term for murder, and Where to Find H PAGES Abingdon 19 Amusement 6 Bushnell 6 Classified Ads 22-23 Comics-TV-Radio 20 Editorial 4 Galva 6 Hospital Notes 6 Knoxville 19 Markets 18 Monmouth 16 Obituary 21 sports :.:.:..i4-u Weather 2 Women in the News — 8-9 j!*! |lp J h |.ifj 11 " it CHANGES NAME^Mffc Mildred Valachi, who now uses Aideu «ame Mildred Beiua, told vewsmea she has been grated from her mototer husband, Joseph Valachi, for five 3 lijice be ran away with aoother womao. She lives now wi son is the 8m*. VNIFAX Withdraws as BLACKPOOL, England (AP) Prime Minister Harold Macmillan announced today he would not be able to lead the Conservative party at the next general elections. Macmillan's announcement was read to the annual conference of the Conservative party by Lord Home, foreign secretary. The prime minister, who underwent a successful operation for removal of his prostate gland in London today, said: "It is now clear that, whatever might have been my previous feelings, it will not be possible for me to carry the physical burden of leading the party at the next general elections." The elections must be held by October 1964. Macmillan's announcement was contained in a letter written Wednesday. It said: "If the operation, which I am to undergo tomorrow, proves successful it is clear that I will need a considerable period of convalescence. "I would not be able to face all that is involved in a prolonged electoral campaign. "Nor could I hope to fulfill the tasks of prime minister for any extended period and I have so informed the queen. Water Is Blasted of Reservoir By Big Landslide BELLUNO, Italy (AP)—A massive Alpine landslide plunged into a deep, four-mile long reservoir in the night and hurled a tidal wave across the Vaiont Dam upon sleeping villagers in the Piave River Valley. Hundreds perished in the boiling flood. Three hundred bodies had been recovered by dawn and U.S. Army au- were flooded as waters raised the level of the Piave's upper reaches by 16 feet. Bodies Tumble Along Dozens of bodies tumbled and thorities who hurried to turned in the flood toward the Ad- help said Italian sources riatic through this area of nor- estimated there were 3,000 mally green cattle dead. green cattle pastures, vegetables, fruits and sparkling Four towns with more than 6,- red wine. Some were found in the 000 residents virtually were wiped mud ashore. Countless others out and two hamlets on the edge were buried deep under rocks of the reservoir disappeared in and sand, the catastrophe. Aside from its town hall on The sight was just simply ter- high ground, Longarone virtually rifying," said Dino Menardi, one was wiped out when the wall of of the first pilots to view the deso- water rushed upon it shortly before midnight. Longarone's survivors said they did not recognize the place. A man sitting on a boulder lation. "I have never seen anything like it—not even in horror dreams.'* Through it all the 873-foot-high concrete dam—the world's third | spoke as if in a daze, highest—apparently stood intact. My family was wiped out—de- plex. living It is part of a hydroelectric com-1 stroyed," he said. "I was in Belluno working. We were Dam Is Intact here—or maybe there. I don't Reconnaissance by a squadron know." of four U.S. helicopters led by Benvenuta De Mas, another vil- Maj. Harvey C. Mayse of Wenat- lager, said: "It was worse than that it would soon be possible for the customary processes of consultation to be carried on within the party about its future leadership. The conference received the tidings solemnly. It was not, however, unexpected. Iain .Macleod, a party leader, ordered party workers to get cracking now to fight and win the 1964 election. The call by joint party Chair* man Macleod roused the 4,000 Conservative delegates to a pitch of enthusiasm. They have been depressed, divided and confused since Macmillan's sudden admission to the hospital touched off a harsh behind-scenes struggle for the succession. the wall of wat- bardment. EMBRACE—Two survivors of the Italian flood r that gushed down on a half dozen villages during the night with an enormous death toll, are J^U^mntewid the deflation at r J Longarone. Although unidentified, It Is assumed the two had been searching for each other and as a - i is left. I had friends who lived here—or there. it er had collapsed the dam. ''The landslide that plunged in- I don't know, to the reservoir apparently caused she said she and her family a huge overflow," Mayse said, woke up feeling the ground trem- From the air, the dam appeared ble under their home. it to be in one piece." "We immediately thought of the The biggest and hardest hit of dam and ran from our beds. We with the towns was Longarone, a population of 4,600. Surviving officials there estimated their dead alone at 1,300 to 1,700. The community was virtually leveled into a barren, rock- strewn stretch of s$nd and mud. The vanished hamlets were St. Martino and Viaspesse. Vice Prefect Carlo Prestambur- go said Cadissago, Rivalta and Pirago, with a total population of 1,500 were wiped out. Several other villages including Castellazo, with 1,000 inhabitants, saw flashes like explosions. There was a rush of wind. And sudden- Man Accused of Being Communist v ^ins Nobel Prize OSLO, Norway (AP) — A Nobel Peace Prize was awarded today to scientist Linus Carl Pauling, a U.S. foe of nuclear tests who long has been a center of controversy in his own land. He has been accused of being ly we were standing in water." The flashes apparently were power lines being tumbled by the water. The U.S. Army's Southern European Task Force unit was flying CH34 Choctaw helicopters into the area with the SETAF commander, Maj. Gen. Harrison A. Gerhardt, personally directing the operation. WASHINGTON (AP) — President Kennedy has given the green light for the private sale of millions of bushels of American wheat to the Soviet Union and other Communist bloc countries. He made it clear that the grain was for use only in the Soviet Union and East- n more than 10, in Ital- By n< ian soldiers, police and Red Cross personnel were in the area. At that hour officials said about rn Europe—not in Cuba. His decision, which in so many ords he said was just good busies for the United States, drew 1 a Communist It is the second Nobel Prize for the professor of chemistry at the California Institute of Technology. In 1954 he won the chemistry award for his research into the forces that hold molecules together. The Norwegian Nobel Committee announced Pauling will be handed the prize for 1962. No award had been anounoed for that year. Share Award The 1963 peace prise will go to the International Red Cross mittee and the League of Cross Societies. Dr. Pauling's prize amounts to 254,219 Swedish kroner ($49,465 > the two Red Cross groups will share the 1963 prize of 865,000 kroner ($50,961). Only one other individual has won more than one Nobel prize. Mrs. Marie Curie received the chemistry prize in 1911 and had shared a physics prize with two others in 1903. Dr. Pauling, an outspoken man, was an early campaigi Red insisting they threat mankind er at ions. future gen- Thought a Red in The State Department refused to issue him a passport in 1952 on the grounds he was suspected of being a Communist. Pauling denied this under oath, but insisted on the right to speak his mi and choose his friends. This independence of mind got him into trouble with his neigh* rs in World War II. He employed a youth of Japanese descent as a gardner at his home in Pasadena, Calif. His home was plastered with "Jap lover" signs. He was born in Portland, Ore., 62 years ago and was graduated from Oregon State College in 1922. Three years later he received his Ph.D. at the California Institute Technology Munich 120 injured persons were in var- both sparks and cheers, ious hospitals. The reaction ranged from Dem- In Trieste a seismograph re- ocratic Sen. corded an earth tremor at the Thurmond amounted time of the landslide. Geologists ltarndng our enemy/ . t0 Vermont said they did not know whether the tremor caused the slide, or the slide caused the tremor. "We are 15th graf 114, ta35-26. and Copenhagen, he became professor of chemistry at California Institute of Tecluwlogy in 1931. Flood Kills At Least 8 In Malaysia KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (UPD—Police and rescue workers picked their way today through a seven-square-mile area of this city devastated yesterday by a flash flood which killed at least eight persons. Five of the dead were children, and all were Chinese who lived in the area hit by a wall of water Wednesday when a U.S. tin mine reservoir's retaining wall burst after a week's pounding by monsoon rains. Many are still missing in the disaster, which wiped out hundreds of homes and left between 6,000 and 8,000 persons homeless. The mine, an open-pit tin operation, is owned by the Pacific Tin Consolidated Corp. of New York City. It consisted of large pit full of water. Tin ore was dredged up from the bottom by suction. The earthen sides of the pit gave way, allowing the water to cascade into a nearby low-lying area of homes, squatters huts and industrial plants. reserves by that amount and substantially strengthen the economic outlook for those employed in producing, transporting, handling and loading farm products." Plagued by farm problems 'for years, the Soviet Union and some of its Eastern European satellites were forced to turn to the capital- George Aiken's ist West for more grain this year view that "the deal should prove w hen a drought cut deeply into to both the United harvests. The Soviet Union has al- the people of the pur- ready closed deals with Canada and Australia. Shuman States Kennedy Only Seeks Alibi CHICAGO (UPI) — The president of the American Farm Bureau said Wednesday night that a decision on selling U, S. surplus wheat to the Soviet Union should not have been made by President Ken* nedy. Charles B. Shuman said he was sale" beneficial chasing nations. More Sales Likely ( "Basically, the Soviet Union will In announcing his decision at, treated like any other cash • P ._ _ _ in_ J 1 1 » Wednesday night after weighing both the political and economic problems involved, the President noted that more such transactions may be in the works. The Soviet bloc countries, he said, "may also wish to purchase from us surplus feed grains and other agriculture commodities, 1 * and he added: "After consultation with the National Security Coun- customer in the world market who is willing and able to strike a bargain with private American merchants," said Kennedy. The sales, however, will involve at least two U.S. government sqb* sidies designed to keep higher priced U.S. wheat and shipping competitive in world trade. And Kennedy made clear that the wheat "will be carried in avail- not "condemning the of such wheat, but "it should have been decided by Congress," He said the Kennedy administration can use a wheat sale as an "alibi" for the failure of its predictions that prices would drop following the defeat of the wheat referendum last spring. Wheat prices would have improved "regardless of selling to Russia," Shuman said. . , , ~ American ships, supplement- mformmg the appropriate | nA k „ „ h flf ^ JJu^ leaders of the Congress, I have * concluded that such sales by pri- ^fl 111160 vate dealers for American dollars or gold, either cash on delivery I P aff j nff IT m n or normal commercial terms, i* a 8***5 U,M F should not be prohibited by the PASADENA •An government appeal will be issued to football attending a game many ousneis ana now many uoi-1 Angeles ^ CoUeee amJ lars Banghart Bangs Sassy Boys But Wins Acquittal CHICAGO (UPI) Basil (The sale. the Kennedy did cite a figure as B™ 1 this ample to show how the Unit- ate their eyes after death so that some blind persons transaction Spectators Gives Example sponsored by the sale of 4 million metric amp! $250 million, and ad- removal ditioual sums from the use of eyes in the event of death for American shipping, will benefit transplanting to the eyes of blind balance of payments and gold persons Owl) Banghart, 62, a handy man with a machine gun in the rear* ing 20s, was free today of charges he slapped two boys who sassed him. Banghart, on parole since 1961 from a 99-year prison term for kidnaping John (Jake the Barber) Factor—a crime Banghart said never occurred—admitted slapping the two 15-year-old boys. "The boys sassed me and Mae (his wife) and called me a name I never took from anyone," Bang* hart said. He also said the youths scattered leaves on his newly raked lawn. "The next time you have trouble With kids, call a cop," Municipal Court Judge James Murphy told Banghart in acquitting him. "Okay, judge," Banghart replied.