4 Gqlesburo Reaister-Moit, Galesburg, Wed. Pet. 9,1963 EDITORIAL Comment and Review Protecting the Consumer The battle for the retail dollar always has been a rough and tumble one. Without consistent surveillance, it quickly becomes no holds barred. The losers are apt to be consumers — a group characterized by President Kennedy as the only major one in the economy not effectively organized for its own protection. What can happen when frenzied selling of questionable merchandise breaks out has been illustrated in the shopping District of Washington, D. C. The Washington Star recently revealed that crooked used car dealers, put out of business as the result of earlier Star expose, had gone into the mushrooming wig business. They were selling easy-payment-plan wigs of "finest human hair" that purchasers soon discovered had come from yaks, looked hideous after a few wcarings, and might even cause scalp diseases. The racket is under investigation now, but this comes too late to help the hundreds of government girls who signed contracts to pay $300 for wigs worth one-fourth that amount. Up for grabs is the vast personal income of the nation's citizens, now running at an all- time high rate of $464.9 billion a year. This is $20 billion more than a year ago; $60 billion more than in 1960. Yet it still may be said, as the late Sen. Estes Kefauver (D.-Tenn.) asserted in 1959, that some federal regulatory agencies are too frequently "exclusively oriented toward producer points of view" and have "become more and more the arbiters of disputes among rival groups of producers rather than guardians of the consumer interest." Whether Kefauver's successor as chairman of the Senate antimonopoly subcommittee, Sen. Phillip Hart (D.-Mich), will be as active and as skillful as his predecessor in publicizing questionable products and unethical selling practices remains to be seen. During his 1960 election campaign, President Kennedy promised if elected to appoint a Consumer Counsel in the Office of the President. Instead, at his suggestion a 12-member Consumers' Advisory Council was set up as part of the structure of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. The President also put forth a variety of legislative and administrative ideas in a special message to Congress, March 14, 1962, on consumer protection. A Scripps-Howard reporter writes that a forthcoming report by the Consumers' Advisory Council will be the most comprehensive document on protection of the consumer ever formulated. It is expected to .suggest creation of a government field service to safeguard consumer interests, ask improvement in grading and labeling of numerous products, advocate national safety standards for household equipment, and recommend publication of a monthly news letter to afford a two-way flow of information between consumers and federal agencies charged with protecting consumer interests. Many of the expected proposals touch the preseritly delicate question of federal invasion of state-local powers and responsibilities. Congress at the moment is much more interested in a so-called Quality Stabilization bill, which is in fact a retail price maintenance bill. Retailers selling branded and trademarked merchandise at prices lower than those set by manufacturers would be guilty of a federal offense. By one estimate, enactment of this legislation would add as much as $10 billion a year to the cost of consumer products. THE MAILBOX . . . Letters To The Editor Preps Rue The Curfew Editor, Register-Mail: The new curfew law in Illinois, applicable to those of us who are less than 19 years of age, infringes the rights of a large segment of our populace, restricting the right to go and come as we please, when we please. The curfew law reflects many fallacies, of which I shall state a few. That it will cut down on juvenile crimes is one fallacy. The figures simply don't prove this theory to be true. If one is inclined to commit a crime, the time element will not serve as a deterrent to his so doing. Most of our cities have had curfew laws for quite some t$me. These laws have obviously tailed , to reduce our-crime rates appreciably; other- wise, why would our lawmakers decide to try something stricter? The second fallacy is basic. The law is so designed as to be punitive to the high school students. It was so constructed because our lawmakers have concluded that the high school students are the ones who are causing trouble. The figures clearly show that our young people between the ages of 19 and 25 are our chief troublemakers. What moral right do our lawmakers have to decide what is the correct hour a teenager must be in? Our leisure time should be regulated by our parents and by our own good judgment; not by a group of adults who know little of teen-age activities. They have all assumed that a teen-ager who is out past 11:30 is up to no good. I can assure you that many of us have been out past 11:30 while decorating our gym for the homecoming activities. This makes us "hoods"? If you want to see something that has been the victim of "progress," I suggest that you attend your school's homecoming dance. The romance of being crowned at the witch- REMINISCING Of Bygone Years FIFTY YEARS AGO Wednesday, Oct. 8, 1913 Members of the Home Culture Club met with Mrs. J. A. Blayney at her home on North Prairie Street and held their first study lesson for the year. McDonough County was close to being flyless. A persistent 13-week campaign conducted by the Women's Civic League of Macomb had depleted the number of winged pests. Thursday, Oct. 9, 1913 Miss Anna Healey of 630 E. Second St., entertained 25 friends in honor of her birthday. A. E. Robinson was named deacon of First Baptist Church at a meeting of the congregation. TWENTY YEARS AGO Friday, Oct. 8, 1943 Moline High School's football team defeated the Galesburg gridders, 14-6, at Lombard field. Mrs. Arthur White presided at a meeting of the F. Lilian Taylor School PTA. A film, "Know Your School," was shown. Saturday, Oct. 9, 1943 Louis Nielsen of Galesburg was elected to the board of directors of the Illinois State Chamber of Commerce, District 3, at the annual meeting of the organization in Chicago. Galesburg Home Bureau Unit No. 1 met in the home of Mrs. L. H. Plummer on Arnold Street. Mrs. T. Y. Huff, chairman, was in charge of the meeting. ing hour has been supplemented by having the crownings take place at the curfew hour of 10:30. This is done so there will be time left for a few dances between the royal couples. I would like to know how many of you got home from your homecoming dance and/or prom before 11:30? (Representatives Anderson, Neff and Teefy, please take note). The midnight shows will soon become something of the past. How we do yearn for the good old days you "parents enjoyed. — Frank Salter, Union High, Biggsville. Would Like Faster Growth Editor, Register-Mail: W»y does not Galesburg grow faster? Its 'population was 24,064 in 1913, and less than 40,000 a half-century later in 1963. A survey of senior class members at Galesburg High School last winter showed 56 per cent did not intend to stay here after graduation because they said no jobs would be available. Founders of the city did not want anything but a quiet little town, and it seems many present residents have the same idea. Too many people hang onto tjie past and do not look to the future. As was said at a City Council meeting last month, this is the "best-run town in Illinois." Of course many people believe this. They should wake up. — C. E. Griffith, 912 Arnold St. Thoughts on Integration Editor, Register-Mail: In past ages, race-color and some other racial characteristics were determined by geographical location, climate, etc. Darker skin occurred as nature's way of protecting the body against hot sunshine. Hence, racial differences are largely but incidental results from the ultra-violet rays of the sun; nothing else. Shall we Whites — outnumbered three- to-one—exterminate all Colored peoples, yellow, black and brown, for an atmospheric accident? Red China's dream has been shown to be the conquest of the world by orientals. There is evidence that Red China would like to be able to blast from the face of the earth all but the yellow race. Shall we, the white race, do that same thing now with the power of the hydrogen and atomic bombs? Dare we risk a world, an atmosphere poisoned by uncounted nuclear explosions? Does Red China? Will she (China) do so if she acquires the power? Should we do so now, while we have nuclear supremacy? Or should we remember that we do not adhere to (even in our little groups of towns and cities, counties and states)—The Sermon on the Mount: "Now therefore I command ye that ye should love one another." Yes, I do believe in integration. — David R. Lacey, 643 N. Prairie St. Steel Imports NEW YORK (UPI)-Steel imports swelled to 2,368,000 im) tons in the first six months of this year from 2,056,000 (m) tons in the same 1962 period. Industry officials say imports may exceed 4.7 million tons this year, compared with 4.1 million tons in 1962 and the record 4.4 million tons in 1959. Land Value Up WASHINGTON lUPI) — Farm and non- farm demand for rural property is pushing up the price of land. Agriculture department experts predict tliat the average value of farm land will rise to $135 an acre by next March 1 from $130 a year earlier. "What't the story on the plaee when that women tells everybody of ft" The Almanac By United Press International Today Is Wednesday, Oct. «, the 2ttnd day of m with m to follow. The moon Is at least quarter. The morning stars are Mercury and Jupiter, the evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1701, Yale College was founded. In 1781, George Washington fired the first gun at the siege of Yorktown. In 1858, a mail-carrying overland stagecoach reached St. Louis Mo., after a trip of 23 days and four hours from San Francisco. In 1958, Pope Piux XII, the 261st pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church, died. A thought for the day — The American president, James Monroe, said: "National honor is national property of the highest value." CJalesI dtfKtt&iB&afl. at mM Oom „ M Gill • MrttMMil i Hoata iJi i tat* lib*) • Month* | lift Btnei cutter SenmiUi— ---ana Chart** Morrow ...^.JWitof and OMtrai Manegtf And Director of Public Mitmut H. a. ci*y„...^..Minainnn mm National AOvtrHitni MprMJMj* poritaa, N«w vorn c%a»o, D*. Knit Boston. Atlanta, San rran» eiaeo. Lot Welti Philadelphia. Charlotte _ MEMf 1 EH AUDll BUREAU 0» CIRCULATIONS _ MEMBfih ASSUt IA 1Kb PRESS The Associated Press to entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local ntws printed in thin newspaper as well as all AP newc rlitpatcnea newspaper not eMiiwry B» man oititte ntau tfadjng cone in iiiimtt taws and. vie* SOUM ant) Of motet route tt ratal) tradinf ton* fl Months B» mall outside tlUnote Iowa and Missouri 1 year Jie .oo * Mentha MM • Month* | B.80 I Month tl.W From the Pant! For the Present Instruction was in his It is a wonderful thing to be an American; it is a greater thing to be a Christian. But let us be dynamic Christians. — Arthur B. Langlie. True mouth, and no wrong found on his lips. He walked with me in peace and uprightness, and he turned many from iniquity. — Malachi 2:6. Hand-Biting by Indonesia Eroding U.S. Patience By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - The good feeling toward Indonesia that has pervaded Washington during the last year is about all gone. In this past year: • Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy conducted a successful mission to Indonesia. • Sargent Shriver got the first Peace Corpsmen admitted to Indonesia, and more have been asked for. • American aid for volcanic eruption victims on Bali was effective and appreciated. • President Sukarno's threat to confiscate American oil properties was settled with a 20-year agreement for 60 per cent of the profits. • Sukarno reorganized his gov-, ernment, removed all Communists from top offices, and American aid officials began to work directly with ministers who could make decisions. • An economic s t a b i 1 J z a- tion plan to curb inflation was worked out and its first phases put into operation. • An American economic mission planned a five-year, $400 million aid program for Indonesia, half of it to come from the United. States. • Sukarno began to see he must have western aid to survive. WHEN THE Netherlands turned over West New Guinea to Indonesia for free — at U. S. and U. N. urging — Sukarno indicated this was the last of his expansionist dreams, for a time. After initial protests, he agreed to join the Philippines in support of the new Federation of Malaysia — Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak and the rest of North Borneo. Now he has changed his mind and threatens war. And things are going from bad to worse. Malaysia has : l |Hpil with orders to build up its wfense forces. But there are thousand-mile distances with few roads and less transport on the North Borneo frontiers. So any fighting will be with words or with jungle warfare. WHERE SUKARNO put himself in real trouble was by allowing the British embassy in Jakarta to be sacked and by seizing British properties in Indonesia. There are still British garrisons in North Borneo, and both Australia and New Zealand have pledged support for Malaysia if it is attacked. Indonesia has a 350,000-man army. It has received more than a billion dollars worth of arms aid from the Soviet bloc, including a cruiser, support ships, 20 submarines, ;00 MIGs, some bombers and transports, radar and ground-to-air missiles. Contrary to general belief, there has been no great American military aid to Indonesia. She bought some transports on credit. Some of her officers have been trained in the United States. Army engineers have trained Indonesians in road building. IN 18 YEARS, Sukarno has solidified his own political position as the father of his country, having been elected president for life. He claims to be a neutral, running a coalition of political parties. But the Indonesian Communist Party — PKI — is the world's largest outside of Russia and Red China. He has mismanaged the once- flourishing though war-torn economy inherited from the Dutch into near ruin. Today it cannot raise enough food for its 100 mil lion people and must depend on imports. There is galloping inflation. The official exchange rate of 45 rupiahs to the dollar has gone as high at 1,300 on the black market, but is now reported at around 850. The United States has plowed $750 million aid into Indonesia since it gained independence in 1945, trying to save it and build it up as a South Pacific bulwark. But unless Sukarno backs down from his Malaysian defiance, future U. S. aid will be cut off. Funds already committed, like a $17 million loan to get industries going, will be expended as agreed on. Indonesia's balance-of-payments deficit is put at $400 million a year. Its big creditors are the United States, West Germany, Japan, France and the International Monetary Fund, from which it wants more. Training Deficiency Boosts Private Schools By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN AFTER MANY MONTHS spent in surveying the state of U. S. public school education, James B. Conant, former president of Harvard University, has finally arrived at the conclusion that many of our grammar school and high school deficiencies are bound up with a basic' inadequacy in prevailing methods of teacher training. The burden of Dr. Conant's most recent report is that our teachers' colleges turn out a human product that, however conversant it may be with the most advanced methods of putting a subject across, is seldom in command of the details and meaning of the subject itself. "The irony of Dr. Conant's criticism is that it adds up to a left-handed commendation of private schools. Coming from Dr. Conant, this is indeed curious. For not so many years ago Dr. Conant was urging that private schools should be abolished on the ground that they were undemocratic institutions'. Now, without quite saying so, Dr. Conant has recognized that private schools, which are free to hire teachers who are masters of their subjects rather than masters of a prescribed teachers' college ritual of "methodology," are often in a position to give their pupils a better education than can be had in many public schools. The Conant criticism of our teacher training is not exactly original, for it comes after a decade of similar objections on me part of such organizations as the Council for Basic Education. Indeed, Sterling M. McMurrin, the former U. S. Commissioner of Ed ucation, anticipated the Conant report in several statements following upon his resignation of the top education post in the federal government. AS FOR the parents in the United States, many of them have been voting for the Conant ideas with their dollars for some time now. One of the most interesting (Continued on page 16) 'Liberal' Solon Joins Goldwater Troop By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON—The Goldwater for President bandwagon has a new passenger who surprised many when he hopped aboard. He is Maryland Senator J. Glenn Beall, long considered a member of the GOP's liberal wing. The two solons have served together since 1952, frequently finding themselves on opposite sides of the ideological aisle. But Beall now calls Goldwater "our next President." He has moved in recent months to a more conservative position. The reasons are not hard to discern. Beall faces a serious primary challenge next year from Congressman Charles "Mac" Mathias. The vast majority of Free State Republicans appear to be solidly behind Goldwater. So Beall and other GOP figures are trying to out-Barry each other. Even Baltimore Mayor Theodore McKeldin, perhaps the country's most liberal QUOTES FROM THE DAY'S NEWS (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) By United Press International ROME — From the liturgical reform document at the Second the people should not be idle or silent spectators at this mystery of faith, but should take a conscious, holy and active part." Ecumenical Council, explaining reasons for liberalization of Roman Catholic worship forms: "The church is desirous that WASHINGTON—Turncoat mobster Joseph Valachi, describing how he and confederates would converse over the telephone without fear of wiretapping: "We would talk in abbreviations. You could never make out what we were talking about." WASHINGTON — A weather bureau spokesman, commenting on Hurricane Flora: "Thank God we didn't seed Flora; if we had, somebody might think its four-day sit-down was our fault." Before the Revolution* *ry War, New York City was regarded as the focal point of rebellion against the British crown. The Stamp Act congress was convened there, and the resistance of the newly formed Sons of Liberty ana the merchants forced the repeal of the act. And New York had its own "tear party"—dumping 18 cases of British tea into the iiarbor there in April 1774* I fecyckpaedia S(itau>ic« _ SAIGON, South Viet Nam- From a letter left by Thich Quang Houng, a Buddhist monk who immolated himself by fire Saturday: "As a saying goes—a bird who will die wiU utter a cry." Now You Know By United Press International The preparation of synthetic gems is an ancient art and was mastered by the Egyptians, who manufactured several kinds of jewels, and the Romans, who reproduced artificial pearls in great numbers, according to Collier's Encyclopedia. Republican, says, sure, he can back Goldwater. State Chairman David Scull, also considered a liberal Republican, now says publicly that Goldwater will carry Maryland in any primary. MORE than that, Republicans and Democrats agree Goldwater would stand an excellent chance of defeating John Kennedy in Maryland in November 1964. Kennedy carried the state by 76,000 votes in 1960 and few gave any Republican much chance of victory until recently. Now Maryland has become the scene of tumultuous racial conflict, particularly on its Eastern shore. National Guardsmen patrol the streets of Cambridge. Anti- Kennedy feeling is at a fever pitch. Eastern Shore Republican Rogers Morton won election to the U.S. House last fall. Morton, a brother of GOP Senator Thruston Morton, has long been thought moderately liberal on the race question. Sizing up political opinion in his district, he now indicates he will oppose the Kennedy civil rights package. * * * ONE REASON John Kennedy's recent farm state tour was something less than a smashing success: Administration figures show the American farmer is in the worst shape in many years. The Department of Agriculture announced the other day the parity ratio — the relationship between the prices farmers get and the prices farmers pay—has fallen again. The September figure is 77, down one point in a month and four points in the last year. It has not been this low since 1939. Says Congressman Paul Findley, a Republican who represents a downstate Illinois farm area: "The U.S. farmer is in the worst cost-prize squeeze in 24 years. The current parity ratio of 77 is in sharp contrast to the 90-per cent parity promised by candidate Kennedy in 1960." * • * EARLY last month a contingent of 145 Peace Corps volunteers was dispatched to Liberia. Air fare for the group cost $46,856 and Uncle Sam will continue to pick up the tab. Liberia is a nation in which no Caucasian can hold citizenship or office. Its President, William Tubman, has collected $131 million in U.S. foreign aid. Last year he spent $12 million for a Presidential palace. The situation is similar in the Ivory Coast, another emerging nation. President Feliz Houphouet- Boigny last year asked for and got $4.6 million from Uncle Sam. He is now building a $10 million marble edifice. EXPLAINED Time magazine not so long ago: "As far as most leaders of newly - independent black African countries are concerned, a new Presidential palace, a stable of custom-built limousines, a shiny yacht and a foreign bank account or two are no more than the legitimate rewards of power, even in the most poverty-stricken nation, "In most British colonies, the new rulers carefully preserved the old pomp and purple, the mace, the wigs, the colonial etiquette and added a few touches of their own." Copyright 1963 Crossword Puzzzle Stateside Answer to Previous Puxsl* ACROSS 1 Live , Florida 4 Part of Texas' nickname 8 California aymbol 12 State (ab.) 13 Shield bearing 14 In the year of (Latin) 15 Brown 16 Michigan nickname 18 Locate 20 Counsels 21 Written form of Mister 22 Long spar (naut.) 4 Cavalryman (India) 6 Jog 6 City lanes 7 Speed up a plane (slang) 8 Unclothed 9 Celtic girl's name 10 English queen 11 Fish eggs 17 Printing mistakes 10 Flower cluster 23 Passage between pews 24 "Tar State" 25 Miss Eames 2fi Corded fabric 27 Sanctuaries 29 Anatomy (ab.) 30 Ell 32 Tropical food fish 34 Receder 44 Ku Klux — 45 Poetical 47 First word of Massachusetts* motto 39 Russian trading 48 Tentmaker 84 Medicinal plant 5 8 Cheese IVM 27 Continent m Lneese ,yp * 28 " State" SI Turkish titles S3 Breastbones 35 Use 36 Of the lips 87 Infold 38 Livid (dial.) 40 Beast (Fr.) 41 Female title (contr.) 42 Exist 43 Prinking pledge 46 New York flower 61 Name for Massachusetts 53 Rug 54 Fall short 55 Gaelic 56 Past 57 Suffix 58 Elderly 69 Managed 1 Equine food 2 Soviet mountains 3 FhUosQfW firm 41 Mineral flaw 42 Barked 43 Davenport 49 Icelandic epie 60 Famous English school 62 Pasture WSWSFAJPt* SNTWUPJUSJg AS&H.
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