Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 8, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Tuesday, October 8, 1963
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4 (afllisbuffl ftftQlsfef'Mail Gotisburp, III.Tuesday, Pet, 8, 1963 He Got Word There's More Gold In Them There Hills ROM Lewis, Milwaukee Journal EDITORIAL Comment and Review The Nearer, the Clearer Argument rages in many quarters these days about whether or not Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona is "modifying" his strongly conservative views as he speaks around the nation in the traditional posture of an active but undeclared candidate for the presidency. Goldwater himself has just said "no" to the question of altering his opinions. It is a fact, however, that he has said some widely varying things about certain major subjects. Just as one example, he is accustomed to telling audiences that though he personally believes racial segregation is morally wrong, education as such is a matter which should be left to the states. This statement has been interpreted by most of his staunch southern supporters as meaning that, despite his personal beliefs, he would leave the states alone to practice whatever segregation in the schools that they could maintain. Recently, however, Goldwater told the Washington publication, Congressional Quarterly, that under some conditions he would approve the use of federal troops to enforce federal court orders in school desegregation matters. This expression received slight national attention. It was, in fact, buried in a small news item deep inside the pages of one of the country's leading national newspapers. But it seems to have been an accurate report. He begins by saying he would oppose use of troops but then adds quickly that he would endorse such action where the president's authority in this field is clearly outlined. He says this means the president can dispatch troops when a governor or state legislature asks for them, when it is necessary to put down rebellion or insurrection, and when it is necessary to enforce a federal court edict. Since that definition of presidential authority covers the use of troops by both President Eisenhower and President Kennedy in the various segregation crises, it is hard to see wherein Goldwater differs. It is being said, of course, that Goldwater has changed stance in such other fields as social security, the federal income tax, and the role of the far right wing in American politics. Yet most of those who believe these changes are clearly observable are not making harsh critical comment. They are simply noting what to them is a normal phenomenon of American politics: As a man moves up the scale toward serious consideration for the highest office in this country, he tends to see more and more the maddening complexity of our affairs, the grays instead of the blacks and whites. And he usually is moved in consequence to take a more central position on major matters which seemed so simple and sharp-cut when viewed at a greater distance. Tale of One City There seems to be real basis for hope that Cleveland, Ohio, may have achieved a major breakthrough — at least for larger cities — in the country-wide search for a solution to the THE MAILBOX Uncle's Money: It's Ours! Editor, Register-Mail: We are impressed by an item published by the Cleveland Plain Dealer, whose writer, Howard Preston, expresses discouragement with the gullible taxpayers, who seem to accept, passively, a false impression created by the familiar term "At Government Expense," which is made the caption of the Plain Dealer article. We have heard good folks discuss projects involving great sums, then turn to the main source "Federal Funds." There seems to be no realization as to who supplies Federal Funds. No personal concern regarding the stewardship of such funds. We recently saw a $140,000,000 project get under way in Pennsylvania. It's so vast an undertaking that no lay person would feel that he is in any way involved, although a proportionate share of the entire cost of it is born by him. It seems to us that all citizens would be more interested, more concerned if somehow this personal involvement were made clear. Too often the attitude toward great efforts is mere superficial interest because, "alter all it's a federal project." Mr. Preston points out that the American (Society of Newspaper Editors could do something about it. Make it an educational project keeping at reminding the taxpayer that we are at work by saying: "The taxpayers of United States today sent such and such funds to Ghana" or, "Today the Taxpayers of U. S. began a million-dollar project that will benefit the region of " This would tend to reduce the false impression that all major projects were financed by some impersonal fiaata Claus> — Jeha £• Aakersei* knotty problem of integrating schools with a minimum of trouble. A new integration policy now being put into effect by the Cleveland Board of Education not only has stopped picketing and other evidence of racial conflict in the school area, but has been hailed by integration leaders there as "a tremendous and courageous step." Such rapport in matters of civil rights has been all too rare and is definitely encouraging. Key feature of the Cleveland plan is creation of a Citizens Human Relations Council, representing many ethnic groups, whose major objective is to develop and put into effect by September 1964 a plan to achieve "meaningful integration" of Cleveland classrooms. The Council will study current practices in other cities and then make recommendations to the school board on in-training programs for teachers, development of inter- group pupil contacts, and means of ending whatever discrimination may exist. The board of education also satisfied integration demands in such areas as mixing of children in bus transport classes, alleged discrimination in trade school training, hiring of workers by school contractors, hiring of school real estate appraisers, participation in the federal lunch program, and integrating school texts and other materials. It is too early, of course, to properly assess permanent benefits of the Cleveland plan, even in Cleveland. And it will be interesting to see how closely the school board and the integration leaders will agree on just when "meaningful integration" becomes meaningful. But when discord and distrust yield — even in one city — to co operation and mutual effort — even in one area of civil rights — it is a big step forward. The whole country will be watching to see how it works out. Khrushchev's Talks Sound Like Man in Trouble By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN WHEN KHRUSHCHEV TALKS to the West, either by himself or through mouthpieces like Grofny- ko, the words ate subject to all sorts of discount. This is why East-West "dialogues" are usually so profitless. But when the boss of the Kremlin talks to his own people the West can really get a clue to what is going on In that mysterious world behind the Iron Curtain. This column has consistently held that Khrushchev is currently in such trouble Internally that it should be the Number One priority of our diplomacy to get concessions from him while the getting is good. Of course, I haven't been to Soviet Russia, and I have doubted in the past that 1 would be welcome to a visa. So my opinion has little effect on professional Kremlinologists. But even without traveling in Russia it Is still possible to get a picture of its troubles by putting together Khrushchev's various jollifica­ tions, harangues, importunings and diatribes as he travel! about his own empire. With all respect to the profes* »tonal Kremlinologists, they are not very good at putting together Khrushchev's own words to his own people. So let's try to paint a perspective-picture based on some recent Khrushchev statements that have been monitored by various eavesdroppers. TttH MOST IMPORTANT Khrushchev statement of recent months was made to the workers in a tractor plant on Aug. 22 in Yugoslavia. "Mass production," so Khrushchev told the Yugoslavs, "will be decisive. The system that produces the most will win. We must outproduce the capitalist countries. We in the Soviet Union can organize on the basis of mass production. Yugoslavia cannot do it. Bulgaria cannot do it. Czechoslovakia cannot do it, nor the Poles. Only the Soviet Union and China can do it. We can organize anything on an assembly-line basis." What this speech would seem to be saying is that Khrushchev doesn't think his empire is ready for military war, just yet. There Is, first, the question of mass production organization to settle. But please, sc he seems to be importuning the people of Yugoslavia and the East European satellite countries, please, please, please don't be difficult while the Soviet is busy getting its assembly lines working. Since "only the Soviet union and china" are capable of mass production, there isn't any point in exporting Soviet machine tools to Poland or Hungary. Let them patiently raise cabbages and wait. But when Khrushchev told the Yugoslav workers that the East European nations must leave it to Russia to organize for mass production, he did not mean to imply that he was finding it easy to plan for effective Soviet assembly lines. Talking to a group of industrial managers in Mos­ cow, Khrushchev had already la* mented the difficulties he was having in trying to pound sense into his party economic officials, "There was a time," so Khrushchev said, "when the power of a state was measured in terms of the amount of steel it could pro* duce ... But now, when there are other materials competing with steel, such a criterion is no longer adequate . . . Some planners have put on 'steel blink* ers* and now look and act as they were once taught. We now have a material that surpasses steel and costs less, and they still cry 'Steel, 5teell' " IN OTHER words, Khrushchev was saying that top-down planning of an assembly-line civilization just doesn't get around to solving its problems forehandedly. Wear' ing their "steel blinkers," the Soviet planners had let the plastics and aluminum technicians and capitalists of the West steal a number of marches on the Russians. So there will be a mad rush in the Sfviet Union to catch up in plastics like polyprtpylene, and in the reduction of bauxite to aluminum ingots. But how fast can the plastic* "catch-up" go when Soviet agriculture demands planning priori* ties? Speaking to his peasants, Khrushchev recently berated them for not listening to the "growl of thunder." Then ha promised them more chemical fertilizers and more irrigation. All this in practically the Same ten* tence in which he admitted th« difficulty of solving both the fertilizer problem and the irrigation pipe problem at one and the saint time. A picture, indeed, of a dictator in terrible trouble just trying to use his own brains and energy to make up for the nagging deficien* cles of his own subjects who persist In letting him down. One of these days Khrushchev might get mad enough to reintroduce capitalism just out of spite. Copyright 1963 Wheat Sale to DeadbeatRuss Seen Ill-Advised By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - Pay up or shut up. That is the reply of Congressman John Pillion to Soviet traders who ask for increased commerce with the United States. The New York Republican, one of Congress' best experts on the communist threat, points out that the Soviet Union owes Uncle Sam almost $3 billion. The debt dates back to World War II when this country shipped large quantities of lend-lease material to the Soviet Union. The goods, both military and civilian, came to more than $11 billion and they continued to flow east at the war's end. In a burst of generosity, the U. S. wrote off all military items delivered during the war except naval vessels. We announced, too, that virtually all consumer goods were considered gifts. DISCUSSIONS on settling the lend-lease debt took place in 1947 and 1948 at which time the United States fixed the bill at $2.6 billion. In order to expedite settlement, the bill was cut in half to $1.3 billion and then later to $800 million. The Soviets gallantly offered $170 million. In 1951, they said they would pay $240 million, and in 1952 raised the figure to $300 million. Lend-lease negotiations, dormant since 1952, were revived after the Camp David meeting of President Eisenhower and Premiere Khrushchev in 1959. At that conference, Khrushchev reportedly assured Ike that the lend-lease debt would be quickly cleared up. Negotiations began in Washington on Jan. 11, 1960, with Soviet Ambassador Mikhail Menshikov leading the Red team and Charles Bohlen heading up the U. S. representatives. Within two weeks, however, it was obvious the Soviets had no intention of serious talk. They demanded a trade agreement and long-term credits. Bohlen said the lend-lease debt would have to be taken care of first. The Russians said no. The talks broke off Jan. 27 and have not yet resumed. REP. PILLION says it is inconceivable to him that the State Department can push a wheat deal while the Soviets have made no attempt to pay an outstanding debt. This policy, Pillion says, will strengthen the Soviet political position and bolster its sagging economy. The sale can "not appreciably aid the critical balance of payments deficit because the Soviets "will not pay in gold. Russian gold is reserved for the purchase of European industrial ma­ chinery and raw materials from the British Commonwealth." Note: Sen. Bill Proxmire, Wisconsin Democrat, says we should insist that the USSR tear down the Berlin wall or agree to onsite nuclear inspection before it can buy U. S. wheat. Rep. Steve Derounian, New York Republican, takes a similar position. He says the Russians must remove their troops and military hardware from Cuba before approval for a wheat sale is given. • • * THERE ARE more than 1,000 aged and crippled persons who toil 10 hours a day building roads in the town of Carnauba in northeastern Brazil. For this they receive 45 cents a week plus small quantities o' beans, rice and flour. The food used as partial wages was given to the Brazilian government by the American people under Public Law 480 which set up the Food for Peace program. The above information was relayed to Rep. Gene Snyder by. a missionary stationed in Brazil. He enclosed an article from one of Brazil's leading publications which said that the U. S. food was in "deplorable condition, some being rotten and all looking good." PICTURES accompanying the article show the food packages are clearly marked: "Not to be sold or exchanged." Rep. Snyder asked officials of the Agency for International Development for comment and received a long,.rambling, evasive letter that he calls "completely unsatisfactory." The cruel and inhuman distribution of rotten foodstuffs to starving Brazilians, Snyder says, is another indication that the Ugly American is still at work. Copyright 1963 U.S. Policies Change Like Shifting Sands of Time By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA)-If you're a little fuzzy on just what U. S. foreign and domestic policies are at the moment, don't let it worry you and wait a minute. All programs are subject to change without notice and you may have to unlearn everything new you learn, substituting for it something newer. This has happened half a dozen times on big issues in the last fortnight. As Al Smith said, "Let's look at the record": 1. AS OF MID - SEPTEMBER, you could write it in boxcar letters that the United States was committed to getting a man on Kennedy thinks that your Acropolis is darling hill... and it wight be fun to restore it sometime** Sponges have been in use "since earliest recorded time. Ancient Greek mothers pacified their babies by giving them pieces of sponge soaked in honey. Sponges were used as mops and paintbrushes and Roman soldiers carried a piece of sponge to be used as a drinking vessel, which explains the manner in which vinegar was offered to Christ on the cross—in a jsponge. tji) Encyclepotdlo Briteeeicet the moon before the Russians and never mind the cost. Then the President spoke at the United Nations and surprised everyone in his administration by saying that the United States and Russia should co-operate in space to save money. 2. UNTIL RECENTLY, it Was American policy to have no trade with Communist countries—except Yugoslavia and Poland — if it would do them any good. But today deals are cooking to sell surplus wheat not only to Russia but also to the satellites and maybe even Red China. Even Congress seems to be going along on this. 3. SINCE THE TEST BAN treaty (jalesburg R^sfer-Mafl Office 140 South Galesburg, 1 Street TELEPHONE NUMtfKR aegiBter -Mall Exchange 848-WW gntejed ns Second Class Matter at the Poet Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Kct of Congress of M.-^h s. 1879. Daily except Sunday. SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35o « Week By RFP maU in our retail trading zone: I *ear «10.<X) tt Month* S3.&0 6 Months * 6.00 } Month SUM Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established "l % .fcddy:.—L__j^Usociate Editor „And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay ...Managing Editor No mall ms wl . newspaper boy deUvery By Carrier in retail trading sone —*-' J - City of * 1 week - Advertising Ward-Griffith Company Incor National tlve: Wa porated, New ~...v„.v, — troit. Boston. AtjanU.San Francisco, Los Angeles. Pbili " " Charlotte outside pity oi galesburg: Represent*- pany Incor- Chlcago, De» " in rran- adelphia, By mail outside retail trading sone in Illinois, lowa end Mia- souri and by motor route to retail trading zone MEMFER AUDIT BUREAU Of CIRCULATIONS MEMBSR ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press la entitled exclusively to the use or republication of ail the local news printed in this newspaper as well a* til AT news dispatches. Months $13.00 1 1.00 f est? M By mail ouul^OJtnaJlg 1 Year i Months and 18.00 9.50 sour* (owe ? Months $9.08 Month IS .00 was signed, there has been a move on in Washington to cut down U. S. forces in Europe because Russia was being so friendly they wouldn't be needed. West German Foreign Minister Gerhard Schroeder made a hurry- up visit to Washington, however. The Almanac By United Press International Today is Tuesday, Oct. 8, the 281st day of 1963 with 84 to follow. The moon is approaching its last quarter. The morning stars are Mercury and Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. Those born today include World War I aviator Eddie Rickenbacker, in 1890. On this day in history: In 1871, the great Chicago fire began and burned more than 17,000 buildings started. In 1923, Germany's shady postwar economy produced a wave of such disastrous inflation that one U. S. penny bought more than $• million marks. In 1942, the first contingent of Waves began naval training for women at Smith College, Northampton, Mass. A thought for the day — The American naturalist and author, Henry David Thoreau, said: "It takes two to speak the truth — one to speak and another ta hear." and then it was announced in Bonn that the U. S. would not cut European forces. 4. ALL SUMMER LONG, the Kennedy administration has insisted it wanted both a tax cut bill and a civil rights bill enacted this year. But after the last White House conference with congressional leaders, they announced that civil rights should come first and that if Congress couldn't pass a tax cut this year, it would have a running start on next year. A few hours later this was changed to read that the administration still wanted both this year. 5. EVER SINCE the 1960 campaign, Kennedy has maintained that he was opposed to the AFL- CIO plan for a 30-hour work week to increase employment. Resting at Palm Springs after a strenuous, overtime non-political work week campaigning for re-election, the President announced, "We're going to find the work week reduced," 6. ON FOREIGN AID, the policy of cracking down on friendly countries that become unfriendly is now so confused you can't make heads or tails of it. Take these cases: • Indonesia gets in a row with Britain and the new Federation of Malaysia. The U. S. cuts off further aid to Indonesia. This fits the pattern of announced policy. • When President Ngo Dinh Diem of Viet Nam—or more specifically his brother and sister-in- law—began to upset U. S. policies in Southeast Asia and make dirty cracks about American second lieutenants, congressmen demanded that aid be suspended. But it wasn't. • When Dominican Republic generals gave a heave-ho to Juan Bosch — the first democratically elected president to be supported by the U. S. since 1924 — aid was promptly cut off and American ambassador John Bartlo Martin was called home. But now the Dominican military junta has issued a strong statement in support of U. S. opposition to Fidel Castro's Cuba. So the betting is about even that the new provisional government will soon be back on the dole, if a proposed Senate investigation doesn't slop it. These are only a few of many examples. The whole situation adds up to irrevocable, iron-clad policy with a built-in, two-way stretch to give it flexibility. Crossword Puzzzle Awswsr to Preview Parte Travel Talk ACROSS 1 White or Blue stream 6 Good Hope, for instance 8 Coin for Chevalier 12 Notion 13 Poker stake 4 Alleviates 5 Popular travel vehicle 6 Herbs 7 Egyptian god 8 Fisherman 9 Shielded 10 Trieste wine measures 14 Periods of time 11 Employed (ab.) 15 Pertaining to a barber 17 Mariner's direction 18 Frozen rsln 19 Bombarded 21 Lateral part 23 Rodent 34 Art (Utin) 27 Evict 29 Be prolific 32 Traveler's bag 34 Disinclined 86 Turkish hospice 37 Progenitor 38 Nickname •9—— the seven seas 41 Deacon (ab.) 42 Number 44 Crawford 's nickname 46 Appends 49 Course 63 Hawaiian. garland 54 Prised 66 Eggs 67 Circles 68 Has existed 69 Even (poet) 60 Official 16 Indolent 20 Tardier 82 Songs for two 24 Keenly eager 25 Chtbchan Indian 26 Of Slavic race 26 Malayan ungulate go Anglo-Savon theow 31 Transcending (prefix) 93 Feminine appellation 35 Assessment lists 40 Not present 49 Cricket term 45 Question IT 46 Tropical plant 47 Firn 48 viking explore 60 Plastic ingredient 61 Adolescent 52 Girl's name 65 Mohammedan commander f 1 Sumatran squirrel shrew DOWN 1 Lice eggs | False god WllWrif iVPtSi ffJs 'TfiMPii'Si? 4£8*£

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