Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on July 3, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Home Piper 0/ 70 CommunlUti Galesburg Register-Mail Partly Cloudy Tonight Low 70 Showers Wednesday High 90 A Btmr JVetMpftper VOLUME LXXXII 156 GAtESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — TUESDAY, JULY 3, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Watergate Committee Seeks Nixon Papers Panning for Gold With the price of gold above $126 an ounce, a neapolis, shows his family how to find the renewed interest in gold panning has spread yellow nuggets in a creek at Custer State across the nation. Robert Johnson, Min- Park. UNIFAX Freeze Hurting Food Industry WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Senate Watergate Committee, which has received word it won't be able to question President Nixon himself about the scandal, is seeking more White House documents related to the case. Samuel Dash, the investigating committee's chief counsel, said Monday the committee is negotiating with the White House for files of former presidential aides, news summaries on the Watergate affair prepared for Nixon, and background briefing papers on Watergate prepared for Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler. Dash expressed confidence the White House would cooperate. He said his staff is especially interested In documents of John W. Dean HI, the China's Bomb Fallout Drifts By United Press International Food industry spokesmen contend much of the nation's food distribution system will collapse if the current price freeze is allowed'to continue its MI 60 days. The warning came in Washington Monday at a hearing by the administration's Food Industry Advisory Committee into plans for tine Phase IV economic program that will follow the freeze President Nixon imposed in mid-June. Curtail Production While the committee was in session in Washington, Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz was at Kenansvilte, N.C., where he told a meeting of Young Republicans that price freezes and controls are "self-defeating in the long run." He said cattlemen and other food producers were being forced to curtail production because consumers were demanding that food be sold near the current cost of production or below. "Their alternative is to produce at no profit or a loss," Butz.said. ; ^That ? s, the self- defeating part!" A number of food producers have complained the freeze is forcing them to sell their goods below the cost of production. Clarence G. Adamy, president of the National Association of food chains, said he understood that a freeze "is supposed to hunt." But he said it was pointless "to make the pain so intense that it causes the collapse of large portions of the nation's food distribution system." Adamy warned this will happen if the freeze lasts the maximum 60 days. R. Hal Dean, chairman of Ralston Purina Co., agreed the situation was critical. "The food industry is facing a crisis of unprecedented propor tions that threatens the American people's confidence in private industries' ability to provide adequate food supplies," Dean said. Dean said the administration should move to Phase W immediately. Government stabilization officials already have indicated they expect Phase IV to be started 'before Aug. 13—the outside deadline Nixon has set for the end of the freeze. Last week, the administration placed an embargo on soybean and cottonseed exports, hoping to bolster domestic livestock feed supplies and hold down food prices. On Mondi\ government officials converted the embargo into a licensing program designed to restrict exports and drop domestic soybean meal prices. Soybeans and soybean meal have more than tripled in price during the past year. Across U.S. 1 WASHINGTON (UPI) — Radioactive fallout from China's latest hydrogen bomb test wil start drifting across the northwest United States late tonight or early Wednesday, an Atomic Energy Commission spokesman said today. Automatic detectors will measure the radioactivity of the fallout from the June 27 test and atomic scientists will analyze the results. Unless the fallout is unexpectedly intense, the readings probably will not be released until Thursday, the spokesman said. former White House counsel; John D. Ehrlichman, former chief domestic affairs adviser; former,Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman; and Charles W. Colson, former special counsel. The White ; House made it clear Monday that Nixon himself would not go before the Senate committee. Ziegler, in a briefing with reporters at San Clemente, Calif., flatly ruled out testimony by Nixon, written or oral, before ithe committee or an appearance by Nixon before the Watergate grand jury. Nixon Will Remain Silent Ziegler said Nixon would remain silent on the issue until the current phase of Senate hearings ends in August. He said the President then would discuss it in an "appropriate forum." Both Sen. Sam J. Ervin, D- IN.C, the committee chairman, and Sen. Howard H. Baker Jr., R-Tenn., the vice chairman, had expressed the hope that Nixon would tell his side of the story to Senate investigators. The committee is in recess this week for the Independence Day holiday period. It will [reconvene July 10 and plans to start questioning John N. Mitchell, the former attorney general and Nixon campaign manager, at that time. Dash said White House spokesmen had indicated lack of staff was hampering a (search through voluminous files for the documents the Senate committee has requested. Dash said the committee would gladly send its investigators to lend assistance. "We want to concentrate | right away on Dean, Haldeman, Ehrlichman and Colson," said Dash. . The documents requested by the committee Include news summaries prepared for the President on which iit was testified he often wrote notes for followup action by staff aides. Work Continues Behind iblie scenes work continued at the committee as the staff prepared for testimony by Mitchell and other presidential aides. For example, a team headed by Terry Falk Lenzner, assistant chief counsel, was compiling a detailed file on Mitchell based on earlier staff interviews, previous testimony by witnesses and depositions. Dash aid Mitchell has agreed to another pro-hearing interview behind closed doors on Monday, Mitchell's lawyers say he will not "incriminate" Nixon in his testimony. But Mitchell himself has been described by Nixon's deputy campaign director, Jeb Stuart Magruder, as deeply involved in plans to bug the Democrats and arrange a cover-up when the bugging went awry. Dash said the committee tentatively expects to call, following Mitchell^ Herbert Kaimbach, Nixon's personal attorney; Anthony Ulasewicz, a former White House Investigator; Fred LaRue, a former assistant to Mitchell; Gordon Strachan, former assistant to Haldeman; Robert Mardian, a former assistant attorney general; Ehrlichman, Haldeman and Colson. 4th 9 s Traffic Could Cause 240 Deaths By United Press International The rush of activity during the short, one-day Fourth of July holiday period could cause as many as 240 traffic deaths in the United States and more than 10,000 disabling injuries. The National Safety Council saws between 180 and 240 persons could die in traffic over the holiday period beginning at 6 p. m. local time today and ending at midnight Wednesday. Another 10,000 to 12,000'could receive disabling injuries, the council said. The shrinking supplies of gas and oil appeared to have little, if any effect, upon the number of persons taking to the road. Gasoline appeared to be in good supply Monday, although the number of service stations curtailing hours was higher than in past years. Spot checks through the country showed that most distributors expected enough supply to handle the holiday rush. The American Automobile Association conducted local surveys and most showed enough gas although a percentage of stations would be closed. The council said excessive drinking, speeding and non- usage of safety belts will be largely responsible for the fatalities and injuries. The council said research also shows that if all passengers user safety belts at all times, nearly 10,000 lives would be saved each year. The Galesburg Register-Mail Will Not Be Published Wednesday, July 4th Where To Find It 2 SECTIONS 24 PAGES Abingdon 19 Amusement 6 Bushnell 5 Comics-Radio — 16 Editorial 4 Galva 5 Knoxville 19 Monmouth 17 Sports 14-15 Women in the News —8-9 Military Drops Charges Against 7 Former POWs WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Army and the Navy are preparing to drop charges of collaborating with the enemy against seven enlisted men who were held prisoner by the North Vietnamese, Defense Department sources said today. Two of the men are Marines. The other five are in the Army. Guy Filed Charges Informed sources said the service secretaries of both the Army and Navy had decided to drop the charges, which were filed May 29 by Air Force Col. Theodore Guy. The sources said the decision was made because Guy's charges were based almost entirely on hearsay and circumstantial evidence. Guy was commanding officer of the camp, called The Plantation, where the enlisted men were held. He charged them with aiding the enemy, disobeying orders, seeking asylum in North Vietnam, taking part in an antiwar group called I The Peace Committee, and making model airplanes for North Vietnamese soldiers to use in target practice. Kavaoaugh Suicide An eighth enlisted man also charged by Guy, Marine Sgt. [Abel L. Kavanaugh, apparently committed suicide Wednesday in his father-in-law's home at Commerce City, Colo. Kavanaugh's 22-year-old widow, pregnant with her second child, blamed Guy and the Pentagon for her husband's death. She called the charges "fictitious" and said she would take legal action against Guy and others in the military. Kavanaugh's pallbearers Monday included six of the seven men charged with him. They were Staff Sgt. Robert P. Chenoweth, of Portland, Ore.; Staff Sgt. James A. Daly Jr., of New York;. Staff Sgt. King D. Rayford Jr. of Chicago, and Staff Sgt. John A. Young of Grayslake, 111., all of. the Army; and Pvt. Frederick L. Elbert Jr. of Brentwood, N.Y., and Staff Sgt. Alfonso R. Riate of Santa Rosa, Calif., both Marines. The only man charged by Guy who did not serve as a pallbearer was Army Sp.4 Michael P. Branch of Highland Heights, Ky. Embargo Limits Export of Goods Coust Guard Cutter 'Eagle 9 The Coast Guard Cutter "Eagle" heads toward Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., for a brief visit where the only sailing vessel currently used for cadet training will be opened for public display. The 295-ft. bark rigged ship was built in 1936 in Hamburg, Germany. UNIFAX WASHINGTON (UPI) - The government has imposed new controls to prevent too much scrap iron and scrap steel from leaving the country and has modified its embargo on exports of soybeans announced last week. Commerce Secretary Frederick B. Dent Monday announced these actions: No Orders Accepted —In order to assure that domestic supplies "will be adequate to meet the needs of U.S. industry," export controls have been placed on iron and steel scrap, and no foreign orders accepted after last Sunday for 500 short tons or more will be approved. Smaller orders and those accepted earlier will be approved. —A total, immediate embargo on export of soybeans, announced June 27, has been replaced by a licensing program which will permit half of unfilled orders between now and Sept. 15 to be shipped. The rest will be reserved for U.S. domestic use. —Sixty per cent of scheduled summer exports of soybean oil­ cake and meal will be reserved for domestic use and 40 per cent can be exported. About half of all manufactured steel comes from scrap sources, and half of that amount is so-called "purchase scrap" —junk automobiles, refrigerators and other discards that steel mills buy from [outside sources. Last year, steel companies bought about 46 million tons of purchase scrap for more than $2 billion. About 7 million tons of that amount was sold to foreign steel companies, according to the Institute of Scrap Iron and Steel. System Remains in Effect —Scheduled exports of cotton- Iseed and cottonseed products, which had been frozen in the June 27 order, will be permitted without restrictions, but art [export control system will remain in effect in case officials want to crack down later. The country most affected by both the iron and steel and Soybean restrictions is Japan. Dent also announced that Japan has voluntarily agreed to reduce its purchases of iron and steel scrap from the United States one million tons below previously planned levels. Dent said U.S. scrap exports so far this year, plus orders already on hand, would have produced record exports of 12.4 million tons in 1973, compared with 7.4 million tons last year. He said Japan's voluntary cutback would reduce this year's level to about 11.4 million tons. Guy was commanding uiuccriuw »tm»B™ *»• »«-. —•—'-i.«.. 6 .. v », . v . «• - . A # • Tax Relief Bill Heads List of Legislative Activity SPRINGFIELD (UPI) -Here is a rundown of legislative activity in the spring session of the Illinois General Assembly: — Tax relief. Both houses passed a Republican-sponsored bill which would cut the sales mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm Related Stories Page 3 tax from 5 cents on the dollar to 4.5 cents. Gov. Daniel Walker's proposal to grant income tax exemptions died in the Senate. No final action was } taken on a proposal to freeze local real estate taxes. -Minimum wage. The Assembly passed an increase from $1.60 to |2.10 in the minimum wage. The increases will come in steps until the wage hits $2.10 in 1976. -^Freeways. The legislature okayed a GOP supplemental freeway plan, costing $265 million. It's part of the fiscal 1974 appropriation for the Department of Transportation. —Abortion. A measure setting up minimal state rules for the regulation of abortions was passed. They must be done in safe places by qualified doctors. —Pay commission. The General Assembly put off until next spring consideration of a bill creating a commission to recommend pay hikes for lawmakers and state officials. Creation of such a commission would mean legislators could get pay boosts without doing it themselves. —Ballot issues. At the 1974 general election, voters will be asked if judges should be elected or allowed to run unopposed on a retention ballot. They will also decide if the governor should have an "amendatory" veto power broader than the right to correct technical errors in bills. —Lottery. The House passed a bill authorizing a state - run lottery but it was postponed until fall by the Senate. —Drinking age. Walker signed into Jaw a bill which will allow 19-year-olds to drink beer and wine starting Oct. 1. — Right turn on red. The governor approved a measure which, as of Jan. 1, will make it legal for drivers to turn right through a red stoplight after coming to a halt. — Death penalty. Two bills establishing capital punishment for repeat murderers and other types of criminals have gone to Walker's desk. —No-fault auto insurance. A "lawyers' bill" requiring np- fault insurance passed botV houses. It would retain the right of injured persons to sue for "pain and suffering" damages and does not mandate rate reductions. — Environment. Two bills which would legalize leaf burning unless localities ban it have gone to Walker's desk. The legislature also voted several other restrictions on the powers of the state's pollution-fighting agencies killing a "scenic rivers" bill. —Busing. A measure which would prohibit the forced busing of school children to achieve See *Laws (Continued on page 10) 4

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