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THE DOMINANT: NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI Blytheville Courier Mississippi Valley Leader VTHPVTT T F ARKANSAS, MONDAY APRIL 19 1954 VOL. L—NO. 25 Blytheville Daily New* Blytheville Herald BLlTHbVALL&, Aiuvi*i ^ ' AL * lLl ij " IJtH Published Daily TEN PAGES Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS FHA Scandal Probe Opens WASHINGTON (AP) — Guy T. 0. Hollyday, ousted commissioner of the Federal Housing Administration, testified Monday he knew when he took office a year ago that "unscrupulous promoters" were active in the home repair loan field and had tried to stop their "abuses." He told investigating senators he Agreement On M Carthy Role Sought WASHINGTON (AP) — Senate investigations subcommittee members sought agreement with Sen. McCarthy (R- Wis) today on the role he is to play in its probe of his row with top Army officials. Unless a mutually acceptable agreement can be reached at today's closed meeting 1 . Sen. Mundt ORSD) said, the Senate itself maybe asked to rule on the question. The Army has accused McCarthy and two of his aides of attempting to use improper pressure to win favored treatment for a former non-salaried subcommittee consultant. Pvt. G. David Schine. They * put through new regulations, effective last Dec. 1, and was satisfied they "would go a long way toward preventing improper practices." Hollyday was the first witness at an inquiry by the Senate banking Committee into reports of multi-million dollar swindles in the government's housing program. When the committee convened. its first act was a unanimous vote to issue a subpoena to compel Clyde L. Powell, former assistant FHA commissioner in charge of rental housing, to testify at its inquiry. Chairman Capehart (R-Ind) announced that Powell had notified him. 25 minutes before, that he would "prefer not to appear with out a subpoena." Powell resigned his FHA post on April 5, effective as of April 16. The resignation was accepted, but one week later the disclosures of profiteering and "fleecing" of home owners came to light. Acceptance Withdrawn Housing and Home Finance Administrator Albert M. Cole promptly ordered that acceptance of the resignation be rescinded. This was done over Powell's vehement protest. The questioning of Powell was expected to center on aUeged "windfalls" which went to promoters of apartment houses prior to 1950. when liberal FHA mortgage insurance was granted to encourage the building of large. Ike Talks with Dulles On Efforts in S.E. Asia ONE DEAD, ONE INJURED — Versie Lee Cothran, 23, Negro woman lost her life in an early morning blaze today which swept the four- room frame building shown above in which she and another Negro woman, Margaret Bynum > lived on Sycamore Street. V. E. (Buck) Tomlinson, merchant's night patrolman, took Margaret from the burning building but was unable to reach Versie Lee. Margaret received burns about the face. Three surrounding buildings were damaged from the fire spread by high winds. The building to the right is Glm Harrison Furniture store which received some damage. Fire Chief Roy Head estimated the damage to be about $3.500. (Courier New* Photo > In House Fire Here One Negro woman was burned to death and another „ V . . • . M • 1 __ - —. - 1 4-. M /*r -f-**j-i TVl *5 Y\ Industry Fund Date Is Set Study Plans To Bolster Indochina A U G U S T A , Ga. (AP) — President Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles confer here today on American efforts to bolster Indochina against the Reds and save the rest of Southeast Asia from Communist aggression. The President sent his private j S (j-ip. Viet rninkSt abs Toward Center of French Fort HANOI, Indochina (AP) — The French fought furiously today to hold back Vie'tfhinh assault troops stabbing toward the center of Dien Bien Phu's fortifications from the northwest. The rebels were in ft newly men ncing position after weekend fighting widened their break in the northwestern rim of the fortress' defense system. They captured a second outpost yesterday and filtered back last night into trenches on the main Dien Bien Phu air given first aid treatment for minor burns resulting from an, WPdnw . day has been sct ^ fin . estimated $3,500 blaze which destroyed their four-room frame! al rpport date for r , he initial roci'dor,™ at trio rpar of Caston Funeral Home at 519 Ash; phase of Biytheviiie's effort to residence at the rear of Caston Funeral Street and damaged other buildings at 3:30 a.m. today. in turn have charged Army offic- multi-family apartments for "mid- • •• ' die income" tenants. In 251 cases, Cole has said, the with Me-' FHA a PP raisal was so mucn higher than the actual cost of construc- ials with blackmail tactics to escape investigation. The subcommittee, Carthy temporarily turning over scheduled televised, public hearings starting Thursday in an effort to get at the truth. Kev Issue dollars. As an aid to the inquiry. President Eisenhower signed an order McCarthy has insisted that, as at Augusta, Ga.. Monday permit- a subcommittee member, he j ting the Banking Committee to ex- should have the right to oross-ex- amine income tax returns. By law. amine Army witnesses and has urged that the same privilege be extended to the Army. Mundt has the Treasury Department must keep income tax returns secret, even from congressional investiga- been urging him not to press the j tors, unless authorized by the Pres- request. This is a key issue to be settled by the subcommittee in laying down the "ground rules" for the probe. Mundt said McCarthy would have a right to appeal to the Senate if he felt the rules adopted by the subcommittee were unfair. 'Similarly, he said, the subcommittee itself might want to take the issue to the Senate if an impasse were reached in discussions with McCarthy. Mundt emphasized, however, that he was hopeful that agreement could be reached. He said he considered an appeal to the Senate for a decision only "an out side possibility." Statement Ready Aside from the question of ground rules, the subcommittee also was looking to McCarthy and his two aides who are involved, Roy M. Conn and Francis Carr, for" a detailed statement of their side in the dispute. The Army filed a "bill of particulars" last week in support of its charges, outlining what it expects to prove in the forthcoming hearings. A similar .statement has been requested from the McCarthy camp. Mundt said Cohn and Carr had ad- vlsed him they expected to have their statement ready today. Mundt said he did not know whether McCarthy would file a separate statement of his own or join in the one submitted by Cohn and Carr. This was one of the matters the subcommittee wished to discuss with McCarthy, he said. McCarthy has been vacationing in Arizona *and Texas, recuperating from a virus infection. He re- ident to disclose them. The alleged over-sized loans for apartment building date back to the Truman administration and were made before Hollyday became connected with FHA. Hollyday, a Baltimore banker, was appointed to the FHA post by Eisenhower a year ago. His resignation was requested last week. At that time, Cole said Hollyday had not taken action to stop abuses under Title I—the FHA's See HOUSING on Page 5 turned to weekend. Washington over the Two Boys Held In Auto Theft CARUTHERSVILLE, Mo. — Two boys were arrested by county officers this week end in connection with an automobile found abandoned in a pasture southeast of Braggadocio and which was stolen in Hammond La., Apr. 14, according to the sheriff's office. Both boys, one 15 and the other 17, were from Steele, Mo. It is not known at this time if Louisiana. EXPLORER SPEAKER — Neil Dous-las, explorer-photographer, will be the speaker Friday night at 7 o'clock at Blytheville Country Club when Biytheviiie's Explorers Club meets. Mr. Douglas will show and narrate films on Norway and Sweden. Dinner tickets must be purchased by members at the Tot Shop not later than Wednesday. Col. Nasser Is Egypt's New Boss CAIRO, Egypt UP) — Lt. Col. Agamal Abdel Nasser once more was Egypt's boss today, in title as well as in fact, and Maj. Gen. Mohamed Naguib was relegated to a figurehead presidency. In the latest lightning shift in the turbulent Egyptian political picture, the young Army officers of the ruling Revolutionary Council early yesterday switched the premiership and military governorship from Naguib to Nasser: The 53-year-old Naguib. who recently lost out in his fight to reestablish parliamentary rule in Egypt, swore in a new Cabinet. The first formal session, lasting less than an hour, was held last night under Nasser. He reportedly outlined generally policy. Naguib did not attend. A decree by Naguib also relinquished to Nasser the military governorship set up by the martial law clamped on Egypt after the 1952 Cairo fire riots. The 35-year-old lieutenant colonel first took over as government chief seven weeks ago when the Revolutionary Council deposed Naguib, charging him with dictatorial designs. That time segments of the Army threatened revolt, and Naguib was hastily reinstated, first as president and a week later as premier and chairman of the Revolutionary Council also. Nasser now appears firmly entrenched. He has held behind-the- scenes power in Egypt ever since he engineered the 1952 Army rebellion against ex-King Farouk. A new Cabinet post, the ministry of presidential affairs, was created. It is expected to have the job of keeping Naguib in a back position where he cannot again threaten the rule of the military council. Forgery Suspect Returned Here Allan Smell of Blytheville was returned here Saturday from Chicago on a warrant charging him with forging about $375 in bad checks two weeks t,go, Sheriff William Berryman said this morning. This was the-second person mentioned by the sheriff several days ago when Alpha Beasley, 38-year- old Blytheville, Negro, was arrested for cashing 11 bad checks worth a total of $325, Smell received a suspended sentence about two years ago on a charge of forgery and uttering, the sheriff said. Dead was Versie I^ee Cothran. 23, and injured was Margeret Bynum. Both were employed by Ernest Caston at Pearl's Grill on Ash street and lived together in the frame residence which they rented from Caston. V. E. (Buck) Tomlinson, merchant's night patrolman, saved the life of Margaret Bynum by rushing to the scene of the fire and going into the burning building to bring her out, according to Fire Chief Roy Head. Mr. Tomlinson was unable to reach Versie Lee and took Margaret to Blytheville Hospital after firing his pistol into the air to awaken neighbors. Someone at Caston Funeral Home turned in the fire alarm. When the fire truck arrived. Chief Head said, the front of the residence had already fallen in and some of the surrounding buildings were on-fire. Cause of the fire has not been determined. A stiff wind out of the south hampered efforts of the firemen to put out the fire, although the blaze was brought under control a few minutes after their arrival, he said. The building which was destroyed was valued at SI,250 and was insured for $500. Other buildings damaged in the blaze were: The parsonage of Carter's Temple C. M, E. Church, with one wall slightly damaged. Glin Harrison Furniture Store received some damage to the roof and panes of four windows were broken. Smoke caused some damage inside the building, it was reported. Canton Funeral Home garage which housed the ambulance, was damaged some. raise $150,000 to house a midwes- tern steel firm. As of today, the drive stood at bonier than 98.000. The Wednesday session was scheduled by Russell Phillips, finance committee chairman, who said that, reports on that date will be preliminary to a cleanup drive. Mr. Phillips urged all workers to complete their solicitations and to make their reports to the Chamber of Commerce office prior to 10 a.m. Wednesday. ry & Economists pass along these farts regarding industry: , One factory employing 150 men supports, on an average, 393 homes. 24 professional men, 6.000 acres of farm products, 22 school rooms, 33 retail stores, $500,000 retail sales annually, 320 automobiles and services for them, and a §2.5 million tax valuation. Trial Starts For Ex-PW Dickenson WASHINGTON iVP)—Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson went on trial today al ThTdamagTcould very easily have \ Precedent-making court martial run to $100,000 if the blaze had not, > ! at which he was accused of in- been stopped when it was. Chief forming on his fellow prisoners of Head said. As it was. only about 83,500 damage was done to the buildings involved, he said. Margeret Bynum was released from Blytheville Hospital after receiving first aid treatment for burns about the face. The body of Versie Lee Cothran was taken to Caston's Funeral Home but funeral arrangements were incomplete this morning. Jaycees to Note 'fray Day' Here war while a captive in Korea. Dickenson, a short, dark youth of 23, glanced somewhat timidly at the nine officers on the court panel as the proceeding got underway in a small courtroom at Ft. McNair, in southwest Washington. Dickenson's bride of three months was among a score of spectators. The trial got underway slowly as Col. Guy Emery, a retired Army officer representing the Cracker's Neck, Va., corporal, put the members of the court through rigorous questioning, as a possible j plane, The Columbine, to Washing- I ton for Dulles, who will give a first-hand report on his London and Paris negotiations last week to work out a Pacific defense alliance. j Dulles planned to lunch with the | President at his Easter holiday j headquarters at the Augusta National Golf Club then fly back to Washington in the late afternoon. One aspect of the Eisenhower- Dulles conference may be the controversy touched off in Congress by Vice President Nixon's statement. Friday, in reply to a hypothetical question, that American troops might have to be sent into Indochina if the French withdraw. Nixon prefaced his answer. However, by saying he doesn't think the French will pull out, No Comment from Ike The vice president spoke at a meeting of the American Society of Newspaper Editors and stipulated the time that his remarks were not to be attributed to him. But the identity of the speaker later leaked out. Eisenhower's headquarters has declined comment on whether Nixon's statement represents administration policy. James C. Has- erty. presidentiaj press secretary, refused comment specifically Inst night on a demand by Sen. Gore (D-Tenn) that Eisenhower make his policies clear with respect to Indochina. The State Department, in a statement Saturday night prompted by Nixon's remarks, said it is "highly unlikely" that U. S. forces will have to replace French forces in Indochina. But the department backed up the vice president's stand that the free world can't afford further Loses to the Communists in Southeast Asia. In his talks with the British and French last week, Dulles won agreement they would join with the United States in working toward a Pacific defense alliance. Dulles' goal is a IQ-nation pact similar to the North Atlantic col- ective security program. Both the French and the British have shown reluctance, however. to take any definite steps in that direction in advance of the Geneva conference opening April 26. Dulles and the foreign ministers of Britain. France, and Russia will attend the conference. Red China will be represented but not in the a participant on equal Biytheviiie's Junior Chamber of i preliminary to challenging them Commerce will join with Jaycees j as fit members of the trial court. The key question raised by role of footing. Leaves Tomorrow Dulles also plans to consult with the Pr e s i d e n t regarding the Geneva meeting and an NATO conference he will attend in -aris be- thpn fore going to Switzerland. He „,,. _ _... !;..„ leaves for France by plane tomorrow night. More Pressure in South Vietminh pressure also was reported increasing 1 ntra i n s t the southernmost strongpoint of the Frenchheld pin in. Bayonetwielding French infan trymnrj had driven the Vietminh from airfield entrenchments for a few hours yesterday. But he latest- infiltration reestablished their, foothold in the shadow of the French headquarters bunkers, just 800 yards nwny. A terse French nrmy communi- que said heavy fighting in the sec- tor still raged today. French tanks and artillery blasted at the Vietminh troops taking cover in trenches running across the northern part of the airstrip. French Union troops charged them in. hand-to- hand encounters. French army spokesmen said thus far there had been ^'losses on both sides." An army spokesman said the Vietminh still in the airstrip trenches "were not in considerable strength." But they were bitterly resisting attempts to dislodg* them. The spokesmen added that the French were continuing to bolster their defense barricades in tha northeastern sector. American civilian pilots operating Flying Boxcars dropped tons more ammunition and war material into the fortress. Senator Wants UN To Aid Indochina WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Kuchel (R-Calif) proposed today that America seek United Nations action and avoid any single-handed military attempt to save Indochina from the Communists. Amid a growing controversy over to send troops. France so far has Eisenhower plans to fly back to Vice President Nixon's statement that this country might send troops to' Indochina RS a last resort, Kuchel said, "I don't believe we can put fires out, all over the world single-handedly." "We ought to take the case before the United Nations and ask for united action there," he said in an interview. "The 16 nations that signed the Korean truce," he .said, "pledged themselves to a joint effort to prevent aggression and our allies should be called upon for help." Nixon told the American Society of Newspnper Editors last Friday he thought French withdrawal from Indochina unlikely, but that if that happened and other means failed the United States might have Two Aliens Nabbed Here Pair Who Entered U.S. In '51 Face Deportation Two aliens from the island of Trinidad were taken into custody by U. S. Border Patrol Officers in the Blytheville area Saturday, according to Vernon Gregory, one of the Border Patrol agents. Lewis Blr.ize, 32. and Clinton Joseph Franklin, 24, were arrested and will be taken to Memphis to Trinidad, subjects of the United Kingdom, entered the United States in 1951 as imported agricultural workers. The group they throughout the nation in giving a new significance to an old Com- Emery was whether the court vear. munist holiday — May Day - this | members believed that under Com, a! - " j munist pressure, a soldier could oe Jaycee President Billy Boone an- j held to blame for divulging more nounced today BlytheviUe Jaycees i than his name, rank and serial plan to attend church in a body to | number, as provided by military cooperate with a nation-wide May Day-Pray Day. "On May Day our members \vill pray that God bring together the spirit the Communist leaders and the leaders of our nation so they may search for lasting peace," Mr. Boone said. Mayor E. R; Jackson has issued a proclamation 'designating May 1 | as Pray Day in Blytheville. Long, Hot Political Summer in Store For State with Senate Battle at Top law. Col. C. Robert Bard, the prosecutor, objected to this the ground that it was arguing the merits of the case. The court permitted the questions to be answered. In general, the members of the court said they could give no satisfactory answer to the question, since 'they had not been prisoners of war themselves. They said, however, that history demonstrates instances where torture has been useless in eliciting information. Washington Thursday afternoon for . wenj wUh cornpleted contracts in a. brief informal talk at a meeting j p] oric jn, Virginia and Arkansas before being returned to Trinidad. Bhiize and Franklin did not comply with their contract and ran off. Mr, Gregory said. Since that time, they have been living in various parts of the United States. When arrested, one was engaged Japanese Claim More Radioactive Rainfall TOKYO W)—Two Japanese scientists said today new radioactive rain showers fell on Japan Saturday and yesterday. Dr. Ska« Shimizu of Kyoto Wuncipal University, and Asst. Prof Yasushi Nishlwaki of Osaka ir.s opemn* of a campaign. Municipal University said the slight| That's the. campaign, of course, radioactivity would not harm life. I in which former Gov. Sid McMath By LEON HATCH LITTLE .ROCK (/PI—It looks like a long hot political summer in Arkansas whether or not the state is treated to the old fashioned spectacle of joint debates between its-two candidates for U; S. senator. In most election years, campaigns don't even get started until after the closing of the ticket for the Democratic primaries. This year perhaps the most important—and almost undoubtedly the most diverting—campaign already is underway for all practical purposes. And has been for weeks, is taking on John L. McClellan for the latter's seat in the U. S. Senate —the goal to which McMath has been pointing - for five years or more. Date for closing the ticket isn't until April 28, nine days from today. But McMath already had laid down heavy barrages against McClellan. McMath charged in his opening announcement that the senator is so Republican-minded that he has destroyed his usefulness as the ranking minority mem- month or perhaps even years— depending on just what you count investigating committee, that he favors "the corporations, over the people" and that he possibly Ss dictated to by "Texas oil million- Then last Friday McMath cha.1- lenged McClellan to a series of joint debates, a custom once in vogue when candidates traveled together by train and buggy for appearances on the same stump. Whether McClellan eventually accepts the challenge or not, it seems apparent that McMath is doing his best to put the senator on the defensive and to pattern the campaign along the lines McMath favors. McClellan so far has pretty well held his return fire although he did declare that McMath's statements about his record in the former governor's opening speech were "distorted." When McClellan does open "p, it's pretty certain that the records Lodge Says Red China unfit for UN NEW YORK UP) — Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., U. S. ambassador to the United Nations, said today Red China is giving substantial aid to aggression in Indochina and that it "is "unfit" to join the United Nations. He gave 10 reasons why the United States would resist any efforts of the Chinese Communists to "bribe" their way into the U.N. with promises of future good behavior. His statement delivered at The Associated Press annual luncheon, significantly came only ? week before the opening of the Geneva con- fcrrnce. Red will send reproof both HT-n an* "rvn<: tn <- ;Ct a J R entr.fives to : o conference to dis See POLITICS on rage 5 I cuss i Korean war settlement. of the Daughters of the American Revolution, then go on to New York for a major address that night before the American News- pnper Publishers Assn. The President's headquarters announced over the weekend that he will call on American Newspapers to help "transform an age of atomic hysteria and horror into an age of international understanding and cooperative peace." The speech will be broadcast nationwide. Hagerty told newsmen the President will" say that misconceptions of the aims and aspirations of the United States, as well as those of other free nations, reported and circulated here and abroad, often cause needless misunderstanding and friction between the governments and the free peoples of the world. Eisenhower reportedly is deeply concerned about adverse reaction in some friendly foreign capitals to the United States' development and testing of the hydrogen bomb. He also is said to be concerned about such matters as India's criticism of this country for granting military aid to Pakistan. - ~"' Inside Today's Courier News ... Is There a Revolution Brewing in Majors? — Cincinnati and Detroit Are Tough . . . Game and Fish News . . . Sports . Papcs 6 and 7 ... France, Britain Face Need of Realism at Geneva . . . Editorials . . . Page 4 ... Battle for Indochina: West Must Be Firm, at Geneva to Save Indochina from Reds . . . First ir. a Ss: >s . . . P^e 10 ... opposed submitting the Indochina matter to the United Nations. No New Policy Although Nixon's statement indicated to many in Congress that the administration Is resolved to going it alone, State Department officials insisted that the basic pol icy is one of "united action" such as Secretary of State Dulles called for in a March 29 speech. In a statement issued Saturday the department said Nixon had "enunciated no new U. S. policy toward Indochina." Secretary of State Dulles, returning to Washington yesterday from a brief vacation at Lake Ontario, had no comment. Despite this, there are reports that the administration asked for but did not receive assurances from Democratic as well as Republican leaders that if the worst comes to the worst they would back singlchanded intervention in Indochina. No Blank Check Democrats were said to have backed away from giving in advance what some of them called a blank check for presidential action. Sen. Knowland of California, the GOP floor leader, said in a weekend interview he is confident the President will ask prior approval by the lawmakers if it becomes advisable to use anv American combat units in Indochina—including air and sea task forces. : "'It is my belief that prior to the commitment of any American armed forces, the President should and would come to Congress to lay the facts and his recommendations before it," Knowland said- Rep, Judd (R-Minn), a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said Eisenhower had assured his group that Congress would be consulted. Speaking on a television program _'_!-*. T,. J J rt/^ i /-3 * *o^rOT'T? ct AT^ Judd said "every in agricultural work near Half . tl , e " admm istration's foreign pol- Moon and the other in industry in j .^ a ' ct5ons towa rd indo-'-'na "htvs u ,, , ^^ ^ ]ked Qver with both Repub ii- cans and Democrats in my Blytheville, he said. Mr. Gregory pointed out the necessity of public cooperation in notifying the Border Patrol when an alien is found in the community. It is difficult to locate aliens without public help, he said. Negro Gives Up in Hayti Killing HAYTI, Mo. — O. Z. Johnson, 50, Negro, gave himself up to a Hayti city policeman Saturday after he had shot and killed another Negro. Fred Pittman, according to the sheriff's office. The shooting took place on the street near Mac's Cafe about 5 p. m. Saturday, it was reported, after a long-standing argument between the two men, Second degree murder charges were filed against Johnson by the prosecuting attorney's office. Pre-School Clinic Scheduled at Dell DELL—Children of the Dell community who plan to attend Dell's school in September are to report to a pre-school clinic Wednesday afternoon at 1 o'clock. Dr. Charles Craig and Dr. Jack Webb will conduct the clinic in cooperation with County health nurses. The clinic will be held In the Dell school. presence." Sen. Douglas (D-I11) said on the same program that "there has been so much conflicting testimony ... I think it would be very helpful if the President would appear before Congress and tell us what the situation in Indochina is and what to do about it." Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday; cooler northwest tonight, widely scattered thundershowers Tuesday. MISSOURI—Considerable cloudiness this afternoon through Tuesday; occasional showers or thunderstorms west and north this afternoon and over most of state tonight and Tuesday; cooler north. Maximum Saturday—??. Minimum Saturday—44. Maximum yesterday—83. Minimum this morning—51. Sunset today—8:35. Sunrise tomorrow—-5:22. Mean temperature (mldwiy ft«tw««a nlK>. and low—«7. ' Precipitation l«t 41 Mun %» 7» ».m. today—none. ._ Precipitation Jan. 1 to *»t*— HM. thin Date L«t YMF , Maximum yesterday—4fl. Minimum yesterday—3*. Precipitation Jaauwy i I* itt*~ li.M.