Page 4 article text (OCR)
4 Golesburg Register-Moil, GaksburQ, 111. Sot,, Oct. 5, 1963 'Won't Take Long to Settle THIS East-West Crisis' Trading With the Enemy h Tricky Business By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN So thu West - and this will probably include the U. S. before these words are 1ft print — is go* ing to bail out an enemy by selling its wheat surplus to Khrushchev, the man who is sworn to "bury" capitalism. Where does this leave us? The only honest answer is that nobody really knows. The history of trading with the enemy is full of ironies, and sometimes the seemingly stupid move has turn* ed out to be the Wise one, and vice versa. ONCE UPON A TIME the United States — or at least the northern half of it — saved itself by selling wheat to Its enemy of the moment. This occurred during the Civil War. Everyone expected Great Britain to intervene in the war on behalf of the South, the theory bping that the textile mills of Manchester just had to have that Alabama cotton. But it so happened that Britain, in the early laeos, had three years of crop failure. The U. S., or Abe Lincoln's half of it, contrary to alt predictions, had an enormous grain surplus throughout the whole Civil War, due largely to the new McCormick reapers and mechanical improvements in plowing. So we sold the surplus to a needy Britain — and thereby kept her from taking active part in the war on the Southern side. In Napoleonic times Great Britain herself was pledged to keep an expanding France from controlling the world. But the British manufacturers and merchants, as befitted a nation of shopkeepers, insisted on trading with Napoleonic Europe anyway. This seemed idiotic to those who insisted that the correct policy would have been to make Europe suffer because of its willingness to put up with Napoleon — but actually it served to build England's manufacturing and financial strength to such a point that the rest of the world had to follow British leadership for a hundred years. CONTRARIWISE, President Thomas Jefferson's embargo of V. S. trade with Britain in the early Napoleonic years deprived maritime New England of its living, yet failed to hurt Britain ' seriously, In this question of selling wheat to Russia, the elements are Crazily mixed. The short view advantage is that the sales, in effect, tend to bail out capitalism even more than communism. Early in August the economic prognosticators were worried lest West Europe's heavy duties on V. S. frozen poultry might be extended to U. S. grain. There were doleful predictions that our wheat shipments would shrink for the rest of 1963. But now, with the Soviets buying Canadian wheat that might have gone to Europe, our traders have moved into the vacuum by selling four million bushels of grain to West Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Britain for quick autumn shipment. If this sort of thing continues, our total farm exports for the current "marketing year" that runs from July to July will reach just short of $6 billion, which will make a new record. This could reduce our stored wheat surplus by as much as two hundred million bushels, leaving us with less than a billion bushels to overhang the market. The surplus would still be slightly appalling — but, who knows, maybe further crop failures in Russia will someday trim the overhang down to practically nothing. THE CHIEF WORRY in the whdle business is that Khrushchev, unlike the Great Britain of the Civil War period, will not cease to be our enemy merely because we have consented to save him. But we could, if we had any brains, use Wheat sales as a lever to pry political eon* cessions out of the Soviets that would put us in a position to survive in the same world with t revivified Russian communism. For every bushel of wheat that goes behind the Iron Curtain we could exact something that would help us out in the Caribbean, or in the buffer region of central Europe. The worst thing about bailing Khrushchev out by selling him wheat is that it deprives the serfs on his collective farms of the effective use of their only weapon, which is the slow-down. There is good evidence that peasant sabotage, not a failure to provide fertilizer and irrigation, has made Soviet harvests disappointing for five years. If we could only find ways of using our wheat to bribe Khrushchev to be nice to his peasants! (Copyright 1963, King Features) IRUCE SHANKS, BUFFALO EVENING NEWS Weekend Review KNOX COUNTY'S first United Fund campaign, combining the needs of 11 different agencies, got under way this week in a surge of optimism about the chances of success in reaching the record $182,300 goal by the end of the month. The optimism will turn to despair, however, unless every citizen bears his share of this important responsibility. The "let George do It" philosophy is a miserable excuse when so much is at stake. Failure to give as generously as one can should rest heavily on,the conscience. The 11 agencies participating in this united drive are some of the finest assets of Galesburg and Knox County. Without them, our community would be a less happy place in which to live. It was interesting to note that the em ployes of the community's newest industry, Gates Rubber Co., came through with pledges averaging more than $25 a person. This is an example of citizenship that the rest of us well might follow. * * • A 'COMMUNITY PLANNING CONFERENCE' to be organized by the Galesburg Chamber of Commerce can perform a vital function in coordinating some of the activities of various taxing bodies and other organizations in Knox County. Too often, our left hand does not know what the right hand is doing, with the result that some worthy causes go down the drain. Among other things, the conference should clear the air on the possibility of at least three tax referendums coming up at the same time. The possibility has been seen that District 205 might call a referendum on increasing the education tax rate, Galesburg a referendum on establishing a forestry tax and Knox County a referendum on nursing home bonds. Still another possibility is a referendum on establishing a junior college. If all of these hit at about the same time, chances probably would be slim for any of them, however worthy. SAFE DRIVING and drinking are patently incompatible, but most states continue to equivocate with this fact. New York State is no exception. Nevertheless it is the first to admit that the consumption of alcohol has a greater effect on youthful drivers than on older persons. New York in 1961 adopted a "two-drink" law making it prima facie evidence of impairment to drive if a motorist's blood contained .10 per cent of alcohol by weight. It improved on that standard this year when the legislature enacted a "one-drink" law for drivers under age 21. Under its terms, .05 per cent of alcohol in the bloodstream will convict the youthful motorist of driving "with ability impaired." It still will take .15 per cent of alcohol in the blood to convict for drunken driving in New York as well as in Illinois. Drinking drivers are involved in about one out of every three fatal traffic accidents in the United States. Perhaps it is time to take a lesson from Norway and Sweden where the police periodically halt cars at unannounced checkpoints and examine drivers for whisky breath. Because offenders are jailed rather than fined, it has become custom at social gatherings for the driver to abstain completely. * * * A NOW-YOU-KNOW item is that military jet pilots can buy life insurance at the same rate given noni'liers. The reason is simple. The safety records of the jet jockeys are as good as those of motorists—and even better in some instances. The reason for these good records is simple, too. Uncle Sam doesn't entrust his military jets to anyone but real pros—pilots who are thoroughly trained, temperamentally suited for their exacting duties, and in tip-top shape to fly. It's interesting to speculate on how much our traffic toll would come down if every driver were required to meet the standards imposed on the jet pilots. Other Editorial Opinion LINERS AHEN'T SUNK YET. Tentative plans for ft successor to the Quean Mary, scheduled for retirement because of age fivo years from now, have completely scotched the gloomy predictions two years ago that the stately passenger liners were doomed by modern air travel. . . . The Cunard Steamship Company has indicated the replacement ship will be in line with the 66,348-ton France which was considered quite a gamble when it was built about two years ago. Air passenger competition, according to some, would ruin its chances. Success of the France has proved, however, that those who predicted it was too large for profitable operations were dead wrong. Even though steamships now carry only a quarter of the trans-Atlantic passengers, the passenger lists have increased by 50.000 over the last ten years. The planes will m doubt continue to get pll of the customers in a hurry, but the lure ot mixing business with pleasure has brought tome executives back to the liners when time allows the voyage. The idea of shuifleboard, deck chairs and biUroomi it m, as w§ mamlmzd all along, was just too big to sink—Ledger-Star (Norfolk, Vu.) STRAYING OFF THE FAIRWAY. Some imaginative manufacturer is advertising an "energized golf ball" specially processed in Oak Ridge, Tenn., and described as a "unique peacetime product utilizing the powers of atomic energy," His product, it is said, with its "greater elasticity" for "livelier perform, a nee," lets the goiter get off long drives to the "oohs and ahs of the onlookers," Now it's a little doubtful that energizing the golf ball is going to be of much help to the duffer with a horrible slice; he'll only end up even farther out in the rough. And that points up a fact often overlooked by the people who go around souping up all sorts of products and machinery: The results may not be all that everyone would hope. Take, for example, all the current talk of speeding up the machinery of Congress. The performance might be livelier all right. So lively, in fact that some onlookers would be likely to recall with some fondness the days when the lawmakers merely muddled along in the middle of the fairway.—The Wall Street Journal, Welcome Mat Jerked From Under Marshal Tito WASHINGTON (NEA)—President Tito of Yugoslavia, coming to see President Kennedy on Oct. 17, is getting a bigger advance unwelcome than any official visitor ih Wa s h i n g- ton's memory. Says Sen. Strom Thurmond, D-S.C, in his letter to h i s constituents: "Tito, in the best traditions of gangsterism, has in recent years attempted to purchase a cloak of respectability with the power and wealth he captured in years of bloodletting, gutter fighting and Communist causes." Rep. Frank T. Bow, R-Ohio, introduced a bill in Congress to ban the use of any federal funds for travel or entertainment of Tito only a few weeks after Tito publicly announced his solidarity with Russia's Khrushchev. But this wasn't the kind of welcome American congressmen got and it wasn't the kind of hospitality they accepted when they visited Belgrade, Yugoslavia, recently for the annual meeting of the Inter-parliamentary Union. Some of the congressmen came back asking why the U.S. hadn't delivered more aid to Yugoslav earthquake victims. A POLICE CAR took Roanoke Mayor Murray A. Stoller to the airport to greet Gov. and Mrs. Nelson Rockefeller when they dropped in on that southwestern Virginia city during a political swing. As the mayor hopped out at the field, he looked about nervously and said: "I hope my wife's here. She's got the key to the city." She wasn't, and Stoller had to send a car racing into town to bring her—and the key—back in time for the governor's arrival. DURING DEBATE on the President's tax cut bill, Rep. Clarence Cannon, D-Mo., chairman of the House Appropriations Committee pointed out that the present interest on the U.S. public debt is $10 billion per year. To illustrate the buying power of this amount, he told this story: "A man gave his wife a million dollars with instructions to spend $1,000 a day. She took the money and spent $1,000 a day. In three years she was back for more. This time he gave her a billion dollars and she didn't come back for 3,000^years. Think what would have happened if he gave her $10 billion." PORTLY REP. Joe Pool, D- Tex., was asked by a page in the House cloakroom if he wanted a low-calorie cola. "Not me, son," drawled Pool. "I was elected congressman-at- large from Texas and I intend to stay that way." SEN. KEN KEATING, R- N.Y., has been getting a mixed reaction in his mail on the recent ruling which deferred mar ried men from the draft. One constituent wrote: "What this new ruling amounts to is that we're giving the women of this country first choice of the available men. Uncle Sam will have to choose from the leftovers—the ones the ladies have turned down—if, indeed, they turn down any." FRESHMAN REP. Edward Gurney, R-Fla,, notes that " 'News management' in the New Frontier is like a blind man at a burlesque show. He knows what's going on, but he wonders what's being pulled off." Imperious Women Spice of World History By WILLIAM B. DICKINSON Jr. Mme. Ngo Dinh Nhu, "first lady" of South Viet Nam, arrives in New York on Monday, reaches Washington on Oct. 15, and speaks at the National Press Club Oct. 19. Imperious Ladies have been the spice of history since the days of Cleopatra, but the viper- tongued Mme. Ngo Dinh Nhu may eclipse them all. Her statement that she would "clap hands" every, time a Buddhist monk "barbecued" himself surely can stand alongside the words of Marie Antoinette who, on being informed that the workers had no bread, unfeelingly replied, "Let them eat cake." The lovely lady, married since age 18 to the supreme counsellor of South Viet Nam, has a way with words that seems calculated to offend. Americans will be a long time forgetting her remark in Rome, Sept. 22, that "junior officers of the U. S. military mission are acting like little soldiers of fortune" and "forcing the senior officers into following a confused policy." Thirty-three U. S. Army and Air Force officers—27 of them below field grade—had been killed in operations against the Viet Cong in the last four years. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge said THE DOCTOR SAYS Wait Till Child's Ready Before Buying Him Pet Newspaper Enterprise Assn. By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Should your child be allowed to have a pet? If you already had an animal in the house before your baby vtu born, there is no problem. Otherwise the answer would depend largely on the age of the child and how badly he wants a pet, Most children under 6 are not ready for a pet, but once they reach that age, if they want one, they should have one. It is a great experience for them to watch a young animal grow and to learn to get along with a creature that is dependent on them. Although your child should have much of the responsibility for the care of his pet, it is not right to hold him to this too rigidly, at least until lie is in his teens. The kind of pet he can have will de- pond on such factors as the type of living quarters you have and Dinosaur National Monument is a reservation located in northeastern Utah and northwestern Colorado. It contains fossil remains of prehistoric animal life, © EMcvdikiiacdia Bti&QMaicM how much you can afford to pay. If you live on a farm a colt, heifer, lamb or shoat might be an ideal pet. For most city dwellers a dog or a cat would be preferable. If you live in a small apartment you may have to settle for a small bird, tropical fish, white mice or a hamster. The dangers of disease transmitted from pets to your child or other members of your household are slight. No aspect of life is without danger, but your child is in less danger of getting a disease from a healthy pet than he is from the next door neighbor's child. Because dogs and cats are still the easiest pets to come by— almost any child can get a mixed breed puppy or an "alley" cat- it is well to consider the rules set forth by Dr. H. E. Hilleboe, New York's State Health Commissioner, for the prevention of bites and scratches. The first lesson your child must learn is not to tease his pet. Pets are sometimes surprisingly tolerant of teasing, but pushed too far they may react with vicious suddenness. If your child is old enough, he should read a pamphlet or book on the care of his pet. Such material can be obtained from your local anti-cruelty society or the public library. Don't approach or touch a pet when it is eating and above all never try to take its food away from it. Rating is just as absorbing a matter to the pet as it is to a human being. Pon't wake your pet suddenly. If your child surprises a sleeping animal it may snap at him. The old proverb "let sleeping dogs He" can be taken literally as well as figuratively. it was incomprehensible to him "how anyone can speak so cruelly." INCOMPREHENSIBLE indeed, even to the parents of the former Tran Le Xuan (the name means "Tears of Spring"). They resigned their diplomatic posts in the United States in protest against the Diem regime's handling of the Buddhists. "When she was a child she was independent, strong- willed, but not cruel," her mother told a reporter. "Now, nobody can stop her. . . .we tried, but she never listened. . . . never, never, never." The Orient has produced its full share of strong-willed women. Consider the Empress Tsz 'e Hsi (1834-1908), who rose from favorite concubine to joint regent of China in the 1800s. "Unquestionable ability and boundless ambition" is the phrase used by the "Encyclopedia Britannica" to describe her. Mme. Chiang Kai-shek still serves . as a persuasive propagandist for Nationalist China's cause. Her visit to the United States in late 1942, ostensibly for medical treatment, had heavy diplomatic overtones. It was during this extended visit, according to a possibly apocryphal story, that President Roosevelt remarked to her that he was having trouble with John L. Lewis and his miners, and what would she do if China faced the same problem? Mme. Chiang merely raised a finger and drew it gracefully across her throat. WINSTON CHURCHILL describes how Mme. Chiang "refused with some hauteur" to come to Washington to meet him 278th day of 1963 with 87 to fol- The Almanac By United Press International Today is Saturday, Oct, 5, the low. The moon is approaching its last quarter. The morning stars are Mercury and Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. Those born today include Ches« ter Alan Arthur, gist president of the United States, in 1830. On this day in history: In 1921, Grantland Rice was at the microphone as the World Series was broadcast for the first time. In 1931, aviators Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Hemdon Jr, finished the first non-stop flight across the Pacific in 41 hours. In 1961, it was revealed House Speaker Sam Rayburn had cancer from which he later died. A thought for the day — Oliver Wendell Holmes, justice of the Supreme Court said: "The life of the law has not been logic; it has bm apmeflce." in May 1943, feeling that the busy Churchill should make the pilgrimage to New York City where she was staying. The meeting finally took place at the Cairo Conference months later, where Mme. Chiang's chic costumes were praised by all hands, just as Mme. Nhu's figure-clinging "ao dais" draws favorable comment today. The unflinching Mme. Nhu is not without contemporaries, though their images are pallid by comparison. Mrs. Sirimavo Banda- ranaike rules in restive Ceylon, while Delhi and India at large get advice from Mrs. Pandit, sister of Prime Minister Nehru. But none save Mme. Nhu would say, "Power is wonderful; total power is totally wonderful," or fiercely proclaim, "I shall never, never, never admit defeat." Crossword Puzzzle Animal Life Answer to Prtvfoue Punk 3D ACROSS j 1 Cinnamon., 6 Manx or I Siamese BManed beast 12 Gaelic 13 GI's address 14 Feminine appellation 15 Counterpart 16 Unit of reluctance 17 Red deer 18 Masculine appellation 80 Leprosy victims 22 Elders (abj 23 Musical direction 24 Presidential initials 27 Peer Gynt'a mother 29 Ascend S3 Air (comb. form) 34 Tidings 36 Percussion instrument 37 Mutilate 39 Forest creature 41 Boundary (comb, form) 42 European ermine 44 Automotive group (ab.) 48 Seine 46 Railroad! (ab.) 48 Landing craft 80 Rodent 89 Native name ot Italy 57 Gem 58 Tahitian god COPartner (slang) «1 Challenge 62 Mover's truck 03 Frosted 64 Sea birds. 68 European river 66 Communist* DOWN 1—, the cat 2 Iroquoian Indian 8 Request! 4 Used by fishermen 5 Fondled 6 Primate 7 Taxes 8 Spotted animal 9 Otiose 10 Heavy blow 11 Miss Fabray 80 Metal 3l?steadfaat and namesake* 32 Exude 19 Persia 21 Japanese outcast 24 Amateur actort 26 Chair 29 Singing group 28 Female sheep (pl.) 38 Aquatic aniraala S8 Children'! came 40 Pause 43 Three-parted (comb, form) 47 Kiln 49 Ungulate animal 60 Was borne 81 Three-banded armadillo 62 Cattle -— 84 Openwork • fabric 85 Angered 86 Combine* 88 Male sheep fir r T a 97 •2 41 W 11 W NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE AMI*. (Jalesburg lister-Mail Olfles J«v foutn Prairie Street, ttelesburg, mom jtotereo i* Beeopa class Matter at th 9 poet Office at Galesburg UU- noia. under tot of Congress of ft>"rh 3 1879 DaUs except Sunday Ethel Ouster Sctunlth-— Publishes Charles Morrow .... .......flditof and Qenere) Manege; H. H. Clay Managing Editot National Advertising Represent*, tivei Ward»GrUfHh Company toco?, poiated. New Yoiu, Chicago. De? trnit Boston. Atlanta. San Fran, ejaeo. Xoa Angeles Philadelphia Charlotte By Carrierjin Cfty «f Galaebuxg By RFD t ^liTow retail trading 8 Month* ft-M 1 aionU UM •ted 1 Year 11040 6 Mentha I %M in^own ^LeMrfr^Xd newspaper boy delivery By 1 week MB sen* slBMTE, By mail wtatfe. N«g41 zone in UUhQjf. Iowa en aouri and by motet ro retail trading *o»t i Vear JlSOfl I Monthi I 149 route^fii pe MSMBlSh ASsJUUAl'ttD PRESS fhe Associated' Press is ..... „ entitled est cluaively tp the use or republic*, of all the local news Prtntjjj Won ... in this newi By mall wji^Oyi tow* iio-rwr (toris ap* a* well as ail 4 J;.