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Galesburg Mart Continues Good Demand for Hogs By GEORGE B SHEA (Galesburg Ofder Buyers, Inc.) Hog prices are just a little under one week ago. Demand in Galesburg continues good for all weights and f rades. Fat hogs sell under $15; 1 and 2 grades, 200 to 30 pounds sell $15.15 to $15.40 and sorted Is on the overnight and early arrival basis top at $15.65. Packing '"'-"—"'•'"»•'•'"—•"»» •»" »•' ' |sows are in good demand FFA Leader Urges Safety At Harvest Although the farm tractor is the Implement most frequently in volved in farm machinery acci dents, it need not be the most hazardous machine to use, Dave Hawkinson said today. Hawkinson is president of the Galesburg Chapter of the Future .Farmers of America, which is taking part in a nationwide program to prevent accidents with farm power units. The program is sponsored by the Farm Equipment Institute and the National Safety Council. Despite the increasing use of self-powered equipment, the tractor remains a major farm power source, Hawkinson said. Lists Suggestions The chapter made these recommendations for safe tractor operations: 1. Pull only from the drawbar. Never hitch to the axle housing. E. Avoid sudden starts and stops and excessive speed when working on hillsides, rough ground, on turns, and in most field work. 3. Put transmissions in neutral and lock the brakes when hitching implements. Disengage the power take-off before adjusting or unclogging oower-driven machinery. 4. Always use red warning flags and lights when moving farm equipment on roads and highways. 5. Be a courteous driver. Through body movements and facial expressions, humans can make some 700,000 different, meaningful gestures. and are selling $14.25 and down. Looking ahead, we don't see too much change in hog prices. The hog slaughter in September was heavy and some in the trade feel the September slaughter cut into the October kill, as good summer weather stimulated growth and high-priced feed encouraged earlier marketing. If this is true and the numbers moving in October are cut down, we could see prices hold firm or get a little stronger. I feel, however, that hogs should be marketed as they reach top weights as any advance in price will not justify holding to heavier weights. Demand continues best for the meat-type hogs and when held to heavier weights any premiums you might receive are lost. Slate Polled Shorthorn Cattle Sale A nationwide show and sale of registered Polled Shorthorn beef cattle will be staged at Springfield Oct. 27 and 28, according to American Polled Shorthorn Society officials. The society's second annual Ail-American sale will attract nearly 50 head of bulls and females — labeled "the select kind" by Charles H. Nickel, veteran Polled Shorthorn breeder and sale committee chairman. Nickel is from Carmel, Ind. Activities get under way at 2:30 p.m., Oct. 27, with the grand show. H. G. Russell, University of Illinois, will pin the ribbons. Show and sale events will be staged at the Illinois State Fairgrounds. Breeders plan an evening buffet, awards ceremony and business meeting at 7 p.m., Oct. 27, at headquarters Abraham Lincoln Hotel. The sale is slated for 10:30 a.m., Oct. 28. Lighter Beef Cattle Runs Recommended Orderly marketing of lighter weight cattle can help hold prices steady during the expected build' up in cattle numbers for the next few years. This is the opinion of University of Illinois livestock marketing economist M. B. Kirt* fey. In recent weeks, excessive numbers of heavy cattle have continued to depress Midwest cattle markets. Heavier cattle not only depress the market, but are usually unprofitable for the feeder, Kirtley points out. The market demand for cattle has become quite standardized. Buyers want moderate weight and finish. They look for steers weighing from 950 to 1,100 pounds or heifers weighing a little less. Retail outlets readily accept animals grading high good or low choice. Heavier steers produce a thicker fat covering that must be trimmed off before the meat goes on the supermarket counter. Found Small Reward Prime cattle prices now average only about $1 per 100 pounds more than choice. This is a very small reward for the extra costs involved, Kirtley comments. Costs of 100 pounds of gain rise sharply after an animal reaches 1,000 pounds, so Western commercial feedlots seldom carry cattle past 1,030 pounds. A 400-pound calf might put on its first 100 pounds of gain for about $11. But to go from 900 to 1,000 pounds, the cost will be about $22. To add the next 100 pounds will cost about $28. Even though cattle prices may improve this winter, discounts on cattle over 1,200 pounds will probably cancel any increase in price. So Kirtley believes feeders should move their heavy cattle as rapidly as possible. CHESTER WHITE BOAR and GILT SALE Monday Night, October 7,1963 8:00 P.M. (DST) At the farm 1 mile south of Orion on U.S. Route ISO 25 — BOARS — 25 25 — GILTS — 25 Farmers and Commercial Hog Men Our Chesters have been produced to help you make a better profit in your cross-breeding program. More people are using Chester boars for cross-breeding each year. HEMPHILL & HARDIN ORION, ILLINOIS Henry County Homemakers Slate Tea CAMBRIDGE — Final plans have been disclosed by Mrs. Robert N. Anderson, Orion, second vice chairman of Henry County Homemakers Extension Association for the organization's annual membership tea Oct. 11 at 2 p.m. nt Burns Grange Hall east of Cambridge. Mrs. Anderson stated that Mrs. Barbara Douglas of the Quad- Oity Music Guild will present a light series of excerpts from popular musicals of the stage. New members who have joined (he organization since the tea last winter will be honored at next week's event. The trophy award, sought by the units throughout the county, will be presented to the group having the largest percentage of net gain within the designated period. Alba Unit currently holds this trophy. Working with Mrs. Anderson to co-ordinate plans for the tea are Mrs. Wayne Chilberg, Cambridge; Mrs. John Craft, Lynn Center, and Mrs. Wilbur Webb of Osco. GALESBURG, ILL., FRIDAV, OCT. 4, 1983 PAGE 17 WICKES DISTRIBUTION CENTER Plumbing - Heating - Electric - Lumber - Building Supplies LUMBER 4 Miles South of Galesburg on Route 41 PLUMBING Ph. 342-6106 ,, Ph 343-5018 Hour, Moil through Fri 7:30 5:30 Sat. 7.30 i OO OHJJUIO MODERN 4-H MISS—It's good to look at and even better to eat, says this 4-H girl as she proudly displays some of the jars of food prepared in her 1963 canning project. Like scores of other girls throughout the state, she thinks canning is exciting. 4-H Club Canning Program Passes Half-Century Mark For more than 50 years, home canning has been a favorite project among 4-H Club girls. And it looks as though it Will be for a long time to come. For 35 of those 50 years, one of the nation's civic-minded business concerns has supported the 4-H canning program, and encouraged its members to constantly strive for improvement not only in food preservation, but in themselves as future citizens. The longtime backer is the Kerr Glass Manufacturing Corp., Sand Springs, Okla. Its president, Mrs. Ruth Kerr, widow of the founder, is herself a homemaker and pioneer in the home canning field. Over the years she has personally congratulated • t h o u- sands of 4-H girls who won a Kerr-sponsored trip to the National 4-H Club Congress at Chicago. Another Group Noted Soon another championship group of about 50 girls will arrive in the Windy City as guests of Kerr. Six of the best will be selected for a $500 national canning scholarship. The firm has helped a total of 174 high school graduates with their college education by way of 4-H scholarships. Home canning was the first 4-H project for girls introduced in the early 1900s. Club members were taught to can in tin rather than glass and were encouraged to sell the surplus for cash. Housewives of that era were accustomed to buying tinned foods. Probably the biggest difference between the early canning project and the 1963 version is that a greater variety of plain and fancy foods including meat, fish and poultry — are preserved by easier and safer methods. OLDTIME CANNING — Home vanning back in 1917 was the 4 -H project undertaken by the two teen-agers pictured above. Note low stove and large kettles used. Also note labeled jars. Today, very few jars are labeled because the contents are easily identified. NOW — You, too, con enjoy I OPEN Friday evenings until this Kitchen Luxury. "EASY I 8:30, Come out and tee our CREDIT" termt available to I "Complete Kitchen" display. fit your budget. I | THE ONE STOP TO SHOP— As much as 18 feet of cabi» | and completely moderniie nets, far ai little at $13.44 | your KITCHEN. per month. | Plant Material Suggested for Wheat Crop Producers planning to seed alfalfa or clover in wheat next spring, be sure to provide enough potassium to meet their needs. Wheat rarely responds to potassium unless the soil test is below 100, said Fulton County Farm Adviser Leo Sharp, but potassium applied before or at wheat planting time will help establish forage legume, he added. When applying both nitrogen and potassium, remember that they are salts, Sharp advised. Drilling large amounts with the ser'l can burn the wheat seedlings. Generally, the total amount of nitrogen, plus potassium, shouldn't exceed 40 pounds per acre. Drilling 15 to 20 pounds of nitrogen leaves a safe margin of only 20 to 25 pounds of potassium. Alfalfa and clover need more than this amount unless soil levels are already adequate. So it's probably better to broadcast 60 to 120 pounds of K20—50 to 100 pounds of potassium—for buildup and maintenance. For specific recommendations to fit one's soil's fertilizer needs, check with the county farm adviser. Youthers Plan Rally CAMBRIDGE — Initial plans will be formulated Saturday for the annual rally of Illinois Rural Youth when county representatives meet in session on the University of Illinois campus, Urbana. Attending from Henry County in their capacities as district officers will be James Holevoet, Atkinson; Donna Oriandi, Cambridge, and Alice Ann Simons, home adviser. "MADISON" SILOS "CLAY" Unloaders and Bunk Feeders ZIMMER FARM STORE SALES & SERVICE ABINGDON, ILL. Phone 3190 — Collect Hog Outlook Remains Fail*; Plan Farrowing Reductions Oxford Homemakers Unit Add Member ALPHA — Mrs. Robert L. Lambert became a new member of the Oxford Homemakers Extension Unit at a meeting Wednesday at the home of Mrs. Chester Larson. Eight guests attended. Members discussed the Nov. 4 meeting, "Christmas in November," at Cambridge. The major lesson, "The Gourmet Touch to Foods," was given by Mrs. Robert Bloomberg and Mrs. Lawrence Barton, and the feature lesson, "Care of the Eyes," was by Mrs. R. G. Bohman. By L. H, SIMERL (Agricultural Economist) The outlook for hog pro* ducers continues to be fair. The quarterly pig crop report issued by the USDA in September confirms this view. As usual, the official report shows only numbers of hogs on farms. We have to make our own forecasts about market supplies and prices. According to the USDA, farmers in 10 Corn Belt States had 51,178,000 head of pigs and hogs on hand Sept. 1. This number was 2 per cent more than a year ago. But the market should take this much more without much change in prices from last year. Barrows and gilts of eight Midwest markets averaged about $15.75 in the six months beginning in October a year ago. Ordinarily the pork market can take an increase of Vh to 2 per cent per year without a major change in prices. It should be able to take the indicated increase of around 2 per cent this time without putting average prices out of line with those of a year earlier .There will be considerably more competition from beef than there was last fall, but supplies of broilers wilt not be exce* A ve. The employment and consumer income situation will be better than it was a year earlier. Straws Up In Statistics As we have previously reported, hog prices of recent months have not given much encouragement to producers. This shows up in statistics. Last June farmers indicated that they planned to increase summer farrowing by 3 per cent. In September they re* ported that the actual increase was only 2 per cent. The pig crop report shows a substantial increase in sow far- rowings from April 1 through July. The increase over these four months a year earlier was about 7 per cent. Although farrowings were 7 per cent less in March this year than in 1962, farrowings in April were up 6 per cent from the previous year. Here is another comparison: In 1962 sow farrowings were about the same in April as in March, but this year farrowings were 14 per cent larger in April than in March. These figures indicate that market supplies will reach their peak this fall when the April pigs are sold. That is likely to be m November. Cite Price Level In 1962 prices held between $16 and $17 from October through December and then worked down to below $14 by April, the present outlook points to a low in or near November, followed by some price recovery during the winter. By March, market supplies seem likely to be smaller than in 1963. This decrease is indicated by sow farrowings for August, which were reported to be 9 per cent less than in 1962. Farrowings in the six months beginning with September may also be less than they were a year before. Farmers reported that they planned to have 3 per cent fewer sows farrow in the September-November quarter than last year. Further, they reported intentions to have 1 per cent fewer sows farrow in the December - February quarter than in 1963. In recent months actual far- rowings have been less than intentions. The relatively high price of corn has taken some of the in-and-outers out of the hog business, but this change will not affect market supplies and prices until late winter or early spring. Report From Fulton Countyan Rain Causing Woes for British Farmers (Editor's Note: This is the ninth in a series of reports on England from Judy Camp, Smithfield, one of eight Illinois farm youth participating in the 1963 International Farm Youth Exchange (IFYE) program. IFYE is a people-to-people program in which young people from the United States live and work for six months with rural people in other countries. In exchange, cooperating countries send delegates to the United States for a similar experience. Letter is dated Sept. 11.) My second home in Cornwall is located in one of the loveliest spots I have seen. After driving the 60 miles up the coast to my new home, I was overjoyed with the view. From the front door you can see the beautiful blue Atlantic almost in the yard. Although the house is nearly a mile up the hill fromj—• the big combines. This just adds another problem to the already big headache. Because combines won't move in most fields, many farmers are turning to old-fashioned harvesting methods. The crops are cut with binders and left on the ground. Farmers turn the straw and grain by hand to dry it in the wind and I the ocean, it seems much closer At night you can see the light houses up and down the coast, and ships going along the horizon. The gentle roar of the sea or the cry of a seagull seems to keep drawing my eyes back to the view, yet these people take it all for granted. The farm is situated on a gradually sloping hill and begins at the very top of the hill and extends to the 30-foot cliff overlooking the sea. Just down the coast about one mile are the remains of King Arthur's Castle, while up the coast is the highest cliff in Cornwall. Crops raised on this farm include barley, hay and kale, which is used to feed the dairy cows. About 50 head of pedigreed Ayrshires are milked by the son, 24, and a daughter, 22. Another daughter, 19, works in the house and rears the calves. The youngest son still goes to school, but helps with the chores. No other workers are employed on the farm. Shapes Serious Question Right now a big problem is facing the British farmer. In previous letters I have jokingly mentioned the rain all during the summer. We have had only about three weeks of sunshine. All of this rain has finally totaled up to a really serious question: "How can the farmers 'salvage" the 1 grain?" A farming magazine reports the estimated loss in Cornwall alone on wheat, barley, oats, and rye to be near 750,000 pounds, or $2,250,000. All summer there has been continuous unsettled weather, with heavy rains and cold winds. Normally all of the harvest would be done now, but only about 30 percent is done. Some of the grain is shedding or growing out again. Because of the weather, the ground is too soft for many of scattered sunshine. After sufficient turnings, they put the straw into little stacks or ricks across the fields. The straw remains in the stacks until it is dry or until it can be picked up and taken to a grain dryer. It is a quaint and slow job, but a very interesting process to observe. Holds Ore Deposits Cornwall is known for its ore deposits. From the south come tin and copper, and this area is known for its granite china clay and slate. Most of the houses, barns, and buildings are made of stone dug from quarries right on the farm. Even the hedges have a slate base with soil mounded over it. The trees and bushes amazed me at first because they. grow at a 45 degree angle — ail leaning the same way. Leaves (Continued on page 19) FEED COSTS HIGH? then build your own complete feeds with ABINGDON CONCENTRATES and an ARTS-WAY GRINDER, MIXER COMBINATION Call us for an on the farm demonstration. Your LOCAL FEED MANUFACTURER and Arts-Way Dealer ABINGDON MILLING CO. Phone 89 Collect LIGHTNING RODS GEORGE E. OWENS ao Ctrcl* Oriv*—GalMburg, IU. 442-0401 ffUi !«CT 1 Processing and Butchering J SERVICE BUTCHERING HOGS AND BEEF 6 DAYS EVERY WEEK* Our expert meat cutters assure you ot getting most cuts from your beef or bogs. Processed to your individual family needs and packed in the best plastic coated freezer paper. BUTCHERING CHARGE: BEEF *5, HOGS $2.50 We Use A Dehairing Machine to Give A Packinghouse Job WESTERN ZERO LOCKER "Customer Satisfaction is Our Aim'* Help Me Make More Profitable use of your Stalks and Hay! Self Feed Moorman's Minrate CATTLE BLOCKS Each animal adjusts Mintrate consumption to its needs • t • to help digest and use pasture, hay, sileage, corn stalks, or other ail-roughage rations most efficiently for lew cost gain*.