Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 4, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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4 Gelesburg Register-Mail, Golesburg, III. Fri., Oct. 4, 1963 Let Down the Drawbridge Administration Accused of Fraud on Test Ban Jerry Doyle, Philadelphia Daily News EDITORIAL Comment and Review Justice Warren's Court Promptly at 10 a.m. on Monday, Oct. 7, the cry of "Oyez! Oyez!" will echo through the high marbled chamber and the Supreme Court of the United States will open its 196364 term. "We are very quiet there," Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes once said of the Supreme Court, "but it is the quiet of a storm center." A bird's eye picture of the Court's docket as it begins its new term reveals that the seat of judgment is as pricky as ever. The stock of civil rights cases again is especially heavy. Several of them stem from sit-in demonstrations and pose this question: Does the 14th Amendment prohibit use of slate trespass laws to enforce private discrimination? Legislative reapportionment disputes loom large, with cases from seven states demanding resolution of issues left unsettled by the Court's historic decision in Baker v. Carr. As usual, the 1963-64 decisions will be watched closely for portents of the outcome of the continuing struggle between the Court's two factions. Justices John Marshall Harlan and Potter Stewart are considered "advocates of judicial restraint." Justices Hugo L. Black and William 0. Douglas (who may retire shortly) co-captain the team known as "judicial activists" and regularly look to Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justice William Brennan for support. This leaves Justices Byron White, Arthur Goldberg and Tom Clark at the center holding the balance of power. The activists need only one vole from the center to form a majority of five, while Harlan and Stewart need all three. That the ac­ tivists are in the ascendancy is evident from roadside signs demanding that Earl Warren be impeached. A Court composed of, as Justice Felix Frankfurter once said, "nine free men," is not likely to be dominated by its Chief Justice or anyone else. But Warren has been for the past ten years what one observer calls a "lightning rod" for the Court. During this period it has rendered climactic decisions in the fields of civil rights, legislative apportionment, separation of church and state, and personal liberties. This past summer the Court has departed from the usual practice of bearing its critics in silence. In an unusually blunt speech before the American Bar Association in Chicago, Aug. 12, Justice Goldberg piled scorn on advocates of the doctrine of interposition, and of the idea that the 14th Amendment is unconstitutional. "Democratic government cannot endure if the law is defied by those in or out of authority," he declared. At the same convention, Justice Harlan commented that "ill-informed or intemperate criticism of the doings of the courts only serves to breed misunderstandings and ultimate disrespect for law." Speaking at Aspen, Colo., Aug. 29, Justice Brennan dryly suggested that those who oppose a decision of the Court "should at least read the decision to find out how it was made." In a final defense of the high tribunal before the opening of its 1963-64 term, Chief Justice Warren told the California State Bar Association, Sept. 25, that it was not the Court but "the times in which we are living" that cause controversy. He said rumors of "terrible controversies" within the nine-man Court were "unjustified by the facts." Memo to Busy People: Do you want to really relax? Do you want to get your mind off business and household worries and forget for a moment the headaches that confront the nation and the world? Then tear yourself away from work and chores for a few hours — make yourself find the time — and drive into the country, the woods, the fields or the mountains. Get out of the car and walk. Revel in the beauty of the autumn colors — the greatest show on earth. Look at — really look at — the trees and flowers and birds. Let nature's magic apply its therapy. It's a wonderful investment in a happier, more peaceful winter. Boobs From the Tube The next time you're having a few people in for the evening, how about including: A far-out neurotic — a real-gone kook. A super-scurvy beatnik, complete with beard. A loose woman. A tight woman — the bitterer the better. A lecherous old goat who works hard at it. A lecherous young squirt who doesn't have to work hard at it. One or two brittle, too-too clever babes — the kind you hate on sight. A shrill-voiced brat who ought to be in bed — or, better still, taken to the woodshed, worked on and then put to bed. A mousy little jerk who is scared to death of his wife, but who turns out to be the murderer. A jolly little group, eh? Well, they'll be in your living room within the next few evenings, along with a lot of Other odd-ball characters too numerous and repulsive to mention. All you have to do is turn on your TV §et. , ¥«# <m llways get rid o| them, of course, by a simple flick of the dial. But you won't. You'll sit there as if mesmerized, hoping they'll go away. But they won't go away — not as long as the sponsor has reason to believe you'll sit there and endure them. We know that television must reflect reality — that it must be stark and bare, as they say. But there just must be more normal peo- pie doing normal things and fewer sick people doing sick, sick things than is indicated by what we see on the trembling tube day after day. Let's all unite in silent but earnest prayer that one of these days the TV powers that be will put the ax to these weirdies who creep into our homes via the antenna, the creeps. And while we're at it, let's pray an extra prayer that the leering lady finally gets that bathroom bowl clean and that her overworked pal gets the Grand Central station floor mopped — and that they then drop dead while they're ahead. Boy, would we viewers be ahead, tool ^ By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON ~ The Kennedy Administration stands accused of "gross deception" in winning Senate ratification of the partial nuclear test ban. The charge is made by Rep. James Weaver, a member of the House Space and Astronautics Committee with access to top- secret information. Weaver says administration c e n s o rs deliberately withheld from Senators information that would have jeopardized chances of treaty ratification. DURING the Senate debate, South Carolina's Strom Thurmond charged the Soviet Union may have developed a "clean." fall- out-tiee H-bomb. He referred to an unpublicized Aug. 3 explosion at the South Pole that experts thought might have been a Soviet bomb. Thurmond, a general In the army reserve, was flatly contra* dieted by Sen. John Pastore, ranking Democrat on the Joint Atomic Energy Corumitlee. The Antarctica report, said Pastore. was untrue. One day after Senate ratification, reporter fcarl Voss wrote in the Washington Star: "A mysterious explosion near the South Pole, estimated to have been 25 times more powerful than the Hiroshima atom bomb, has been detected by eight free world stations watching for unannounced nuclear tests." THE BLAST occurred Aug. 3. There was no fallout from the blast, leading bomb experts to suggest the Soviet Union may have developed a clean bomo, according to Voss. Such a bomb, in the hands of the enemy, would radically alter the nuclear balance of power. Only atmospheric testing could develop luch • weapon fo* the tf,S. Possession at clean bombs would mean uninterrupted atmospheric testing by the Soviets since fallout samples are presently the only proof that aboveground nuclear explosions have taken place, The Aug. 3 blast was not the first. There have been five similar explosions since the Soviets began to use the Antarctic for "peaceful scientific purposes" in I960. News of the South Pole explosion was deliberately withheld until Senate ratification of the test ban, an administration official told Voss. THOaE REPORTS were not the only ones to bear top-secret labels during Senate debate. "Missiles and Rockets," an authoritative trade publication, broke classification Sept, 9 to reveal: veloplng an antl.balllstlo missile veloping an anto-ballistlc missile system capable of deactivating U.S. missiles in their silos with the electro-magnetic energy from exploding high-yield Soviet nuclear weapons. "The Soviet lead in anti-ballistic missile development has been acknowledged even by administration supporters in the test ban debates, tt is based on the long-range electronics of strong electro-magnetic pulses to cripple the electronics system of a missile so that it cannot be fired. "It could mean the United States has Invested billions of dollars in a Maginot Line of Atlas, Titans and Minutemen that could be rendered useless by the new Soviet development." EARLIER U.S. tests showed exploding bombs could throw out of kilter the U .S. second -strike retaliatory system. The IOM Argus ttftt tariff In the South Atlantic cautad "dramatic and unpttdietad trans* hemispheric electro - magnetic disturbances," according to one scientific report. The report said that a low-yield blast at SWO miles altitude caused Intermittent failures in the "function of the North Atlantic coaxial cable and other critical defense systems." Some scientists say explosions of high megaton bombs, which the Soviets possess and we don't, can have an electro-magnetic impact for distances of more than 1,000 miles. Thus, an explosion over Kansas could well affect weaponry throughout most of the continental U .S., perhaps nullifying our second -strike capability. With a ban on atmospheric testing by this country we might not know—until it is too late: Copyright 1909 President's Council Goes to Bat for Public By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — Creation of a government field service for consumer protection throughout the country is one of the more challenging ideas to be suggested in the first report from President Kennedy's Consumer Advisory Council — CAC — now being readied for early release. And to top this, there is another proposal that the government sponsor — that is, publish— a monthly news letter to provide a two-way flew of information between consumers and government agencies charged with protecting the public interest. These and other such forward- looking ideas may be shrugged off in Washington as just a lot more welfare state planning, which goes on al! the time. Then, around the country, among merchants and manufacturers, any thought of more gov­ ernment horning in and reporting on consumer goods offered for sale to the public in a free market may be considered too much interference with private enterprise, even to protect buyers. THE CONSUMER Advisory Council report in nearly final form is said to contain such an unsystematized collection of rec- omr.,..dations that it is something of a mishmash. It asks the U, S. Department of Agriculture to review its standards for grading and labeling, to obtain more uniformity. The council asks for souped-up enforcement of consumer protection orders, with less discretion left to the judgment of inspectors who pass on everything from meats to housing. The council endorses the idea proposed by Sen. Vance Hartke, D-Ind., and others for labeling of wood products and household furniture. This would give consumers the same protection they now have on wool and synthetic fiber textiles. Labeling would also be required on all repackaged imports. In its recommendations on consumer safety, CAC advocates more staff for the Food and Drug Administration for pre-marketing inspection of cosmetics and labeling hazardous substances. National safety standards would also be set on electrical and other household equipment. National as opposed to state standards are recommended for highway safety. THE COUNCIL asks for a study of converting all U. S. measurements to the metric system, It recommends that the Bureau of Standards be strengthened for more research and dissemination of information to the public on consumer hard goods. The council also endorses such varied programs as health insurance under social security, low income tax-reductions, better public accommodations for Negroos and much more public education on consumer credit uses and costs. Those are mere highlights in what is probably the most comprehensive report on consumer protection ever compiled. The 12-member Consumer Advisory Council was appointed over a year ago at the suggestion of President Kennedy. It has worked quietly — perhaps too quietly — with the President's Council of Economic Advisers under chairman Walter Heller. There have been no public hearings and no progress reports. This has given some impression of inactivity. ACTUALLY, the final CAC report was drafted by Dr. Robert J. Lampman, professor of economics at Univerr'ty of Wisconsin. The draft report was submitted to the 23 U. S. government agencies now having offices for consumer protection. After their review, final revisions were made by CAC and CEA. Members of the Consumer Advisory Council under chairmanship of Dean Helen G. Conoyer of Cornell 's School of Economics Include: Dr. Caroline Ware, former chairman of Consumer Clearing House; Mrs. Persia Campbell, City University of New York; Mrs. Helen E. Nelson, California Consumer Council; Mrs. John G. Lee, former president, League of Women Voters; Sylvia Porter, financial columnist. Also, these male members served: David Angevine, Cooperative League, Chicago; Dr. Edward S. Lewis, New York Urban League; Minnesota's Attorney General Walter F. Mondale; Dr. Richard L. D. Morse of Kansas University, and Dr. Colston E. Warne, president of the Consumers Union. New Campaign Symbol Seen As Laughing Warrior By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN WE HAVE BEEN hearing about an impending "bitter" drive on the part of the so-called "Establishment" or "Eastern" and "liberal" Republicans to "stop Goldwater." But I am at last beginning to think that the drive will never materialize. There are several reasons for believing at this point that the Republicans, come 1964, will not be lured or cajoled or pushed or driven into staging a big bloodletting pre-convention Don n y- brook. The first reason is that the "Easterners," shell-shocked because their original candidate, Nelson Rockefeller, seems unable to generate a popular following outside of New York and New England, have been unable to agree on a dark horse who promises to be capable of a Silky Sullivan stretch drive finish. Secondly, the complex that goes by the name of "Wall Street" — meaning, a loosely articulated group of Eastern mcnied Republicans — has a sneaking respect for Goldwater, and is even relying on him to come East and raise money for the party in such ancient "Establishment" bailiwicks as Connecticut and New Jersey. And thiruly, many Re­ publicans who helped to deprive Sen. Robert Taft of the Presidential nomination in 1952 are now suffering from a mild guilt complex. If they had a military hero with the ingratiating quality of Gen. Eisenhower to turn to, they might manage to suppress their feelings of guilt. But the only possible hero-candidate on the horizon is Gen. Lucius Clay — and he has yet to manifest the charismatic touch. THE MOST important reason why Barry Goldwater will be difficult to sidetrack, however, lies in the character of the man himself. Goldwater, unlike a lot of people who choose to live and die in the political arena, has a delicious sense of humor. And not only does he know how to laugh at other people; he knows how to laugh at himself. This sense of humor makes him relatively invulnerable to the sort of goading attack that has led many another politician into making irreparable errors. The effort has' already been made to stigmatize Goldwater as a "reactionary" who belongs to the 18th Century. But instead of getting angry, Goldwater takes it as a compliment to be thought of as a man of the age that nurtured George Washington, Thomas Jef- REMINISCING of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Oct. 4, 1913 W. N. Rudd, president of the Horticultural Society of Chicago, delivered a lecture to the Galesburg Woman's Club at Beecher Chapel. A chicken fancier entered the coop of James D. O'Conner, 216 W. Tompkins St., and stole several prize chickens. TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, Oct. 4, 1943 A capacity crowd greeted the 22nd Special Infantry Co. from Camp Ellis at the war bond rally held at Maquon High School. Dr. Clyde Campbell, educational consultant for the Civil Aeronautics Authority, gave a talk to the student body of Galesburg High School on the role of aviation in the post-war world". ferson, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin. His riposte to those who try to hang the label of antiquity on him is to note that Jackie Kennedy, in giving the White House an 18th Century touch, must be getting the place ready for him. Now, how are you going to attack a man who can turn enemy shots into boomerangs by accepting everything as a compliment? THE IDEA of winning by playing for laughs seems to be getting infectious as the political race heats up. In practically every mail I get a letter from Republican fund raisers inviting me to "please send $10 to the Kennedy Retirement Fund." The letter features three rocking chairs, respectively labelled "His," "Bobby's" and "Teddy's." I don't recall, in years gone by, ever receiving campaign pitch couched in such humorous terms. The other night I listened to the speakers at the First Anniversary Dinner of the New York Conservative Party, held in the Hotel Biltmore in New York City. I had heard that the New York conservatives, who will field their own candidate for President if the Republicans turn Goldwater down, were a dour and humorless lot. But the speeches, instead of concentrating in a solemn way on the alleged shortcomings of Nelson Rockefeller, whom the conservatives particularly detest, were strangely good-natured. For example, in place of earnestly defending Goldwater against the charges of "oversimplification," a speaker, Kieran O'Doherty, recalled the "complex" solutions offered by Kennedy in I960, such as "We've got to get the country moving again," or "We've got to close the missile gap." "The missile gap," Mr. O 'Doherty observed, "disappeared as soon as Whiz Kid McNamara counted the arsenal." THE IDEA of laughing the opposition out of office needs a laughing man at the head of one's own ticket to make it really work. Of course, John F. Kennedy is capable of laughing, too, which means that a humorous Goldwater would have a contest on his hands. But the incumbent administration is, necessarily, saddled with the record — and if Fidel Castro is still laughing at the Yankees in 1964, Kennedy will find his own party's record funny in the wrong way. Copyright 1963 "Charles, how do yon expect m to meet the Soviet challenge in education if you think of the library only at a place to nechV* Crossword Puzzzle Answer te Previous Punto Weddings ACROSS 0 Travel I Wedding circlet J? t . OOicuUte H r °f eve I (P 0 *) 9 Gorman river W Beloved.©*. 10 Dedicate 12 Flush with success 13 Coated, «a seeds 15 Pen point 16 Atteatera Qalesburg Register-Mail Tho 1795 regulation con» cerning the' administration of lime juice to members of the British Navy, virtually extinguished scurvy, a vitamin-deficiency disease, from the service. Potatoes, cabbage, onions, carrots, turnips, etc., anq most fresh fruits are found effective in preventing or curing scurvy, ® (scytkwtdw Ifitewice Office i«0 South Prairie Ntreet Galesburg, UiingU r/EUO'HUIMfe. NUMBER Register-Mali Exchange MMm Emereo ~s Second Class Mattel at th« Poet Offiet at Galesburg Illinois under kel of Congress of \i "h 3 1878 Daily except Sunday EUiel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager ai. ft. fcddy...^.—.Aaaoewte rumor And Director of Public Relations ft. H. Clay„ ...Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York. Chicago, Detroit. Boston. Atlanta. San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia. Charlotte MEMren AUDIT BUREAU or CIRCULATIONS MEMBEh ASSUt lAlfcXi PRESS ~ The Associated Press (a entitled exclusively to the use or republication of si) the local news printed in this newspaper ai weU aa ali AF news dispatches, SUBSCHiPTiOM RATBS By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c • Week By RFD mall in our retail trading zont I War «1U.UC i Month* t3.S0 6 Montfu $ 6.00 1 Month fl-20 No rwaii subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail trading sone" outside City of Galesburg 1 week ate By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois lowa and Mia- souri and by motor route in retail trading zone 1 Vear $13.00 3 Months S3 71 6 Months 9 7.00 1 Month $1-25 By mall outside Illinois lows and Missouri 1 Kear Siti.uo 6 Months 9 8.50 i Month* S5.00 1 Month (300 Kltesbeth I "ftjJP the 22 Miry f< Small fly -.totorttion, ?» Change s&ss «M Monastic <3 shield Ssf r>ttw * Mltimicker I Succor ls3£? mm * Matured I Celtic som m 32 Flirts 93 Marriage initiator 34 Outbreak QFtd 35 Quarter * 37 Fall flower ettPoUcenaa (slang) MEWftPAPKtt EMTKBPMfig ARBM ^^i ^^w ^a^^Baw ^sgf ^•P>ve #ejBjBj |gaj^gj|||agajgf igjBjgjB ^|npp X

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