Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 30, 1973 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Saturday, June 30, 1973
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lesbur Sat., June 30, 1973 * "That Thing's Running About Five Months Slow! it ''-ft + ... -- EDITORIAL Comment and Review Pornography Problem 3 \ . - * If prostitution is the world's oldest profession, pornography must be the world's oldest literary and art form. Every society -with a complexity beyond the primitive hunting Jevel has had to deal with either or both, and history records varying degrees of success or lack of it. Approaches have run the gamut from complete acceptance to mere toleration to outright suppression. That both problems; are still with us says much about human nature. Now once again, after 15 years, the United States Supreme Court has laid down rulss to govern, cr attempt to govern, mography. We seemed, by virtue of previous decisions of the court, to have been moving toward §ome sort of grudging accommodation with a phenomenon that simply will not go away. According to some critics, this latest attempt to formulate guidelines represents a step backward (depending upon how one defines retrogression or ; progress }n this matter). M 4 m Certain, it k that the court's decision will not bo the last word on pornography. The fact that it was such a close decision — five justices to four virtually guarantees this. By returning to local communities the fight to handle the problem as they see fit, the court may only have prepared the way for another series of lagal, challenges such as we witnessed during the days of the "Warren Court." In writing the majority opinion, Chief Justice Burger stated that "to equate the free and robust exchange of ideas and political debate with commercial exploitation of obscene material demeans the grand conception of the First Amendment and its r high purpose in the historic struggle for freedom." But it has also been demeaning to the high court, not to mention innumerable lower courts, that over the years they have had to devote so much of their valuable time to poring over material of more or less shoddiness to determine if the rest of the population may see or read it, or to find in it some shred of "redeeming social value' 1 (another Warren Court dictum that has now gone by the boards). It will be no less demeaning to state legislatures that they will how be empowered to spell out in explicit language the kinds of sexual expression which may be prohibited according to guidelines by Chief Justice Burger, guidelines which themselves make for rather spicy reading. Whatever one's personal attitude toward pornography may be, it is almost ridiculous that so much time, so much energy and so much judicial thought has been and no doubt will continue to be expanded on a matter that is really one of the lesser problems facing American society. While "everyone knows pornography when he sees it," a long list of books, films and other works now accepted but once suppressed is proof that a lot of people see it where others don't. This isn't going to change. Pop Music's Watergate ft « 1 1 I A "We don't want a Watergate in the music business," says David Clayton-Thornas, former lead singer for Blood, Sweat and Tears. But the popular record industry has been rocked by a widening scandal involving payola, drugs, sex, booze and organized crime. One high industry executive, Cllve J, Davis, was fired as president of Columbia Records for allegedly misusing corporate funds and another, Larry Wynshaw, was bounced on charges of falsifying invoices. A federal grand jury and a federal anti-crime strike force are investigating the whole recording business and one official, has said: "We believe that almost every major record company is involved." The scandal does share one common element with Watergate: enormous amounts of cash which gave rise to temptation and were difficult to trace when misused. Popular music has become a multi-billion-dollar industry, with record and tape sales topping $2 billon last year to surpass movies ($1.3 billion), network television (?1 billion), professional sports ($540 million) and Broadway ($36 million) in revenues. Fortes magazine reported (April 15, 1973) that at least 50 rock, pop and country music superstars now are earning between $2 million and $6 million a year, making the salary of ITT's Harold Geneen, America's highest-paid business executive, look like so much chicken feed. "It had to happen," one record executive said of the scandal. "The industry is just too big, there's too much money around, and there are too many people who got too greedy." In the late 1950s, another payola scan* dal shook the industry. It was revealed that record company promotion men used money, liquor and free vacations to per* suade radio disc jockeys to play and praise certain records. The Federal Trade Commission in I960 said that 255 disc jockeys and other station personnel were involved, and issued more than 150 complaints and cease-and-desist orders. Congress that year approved several amendments to the Federal Communications Act of 1934 requiring disclosure of any payola by the recipient. The same bill outlawed the rigging of • television quiz shows. Before the latest payola scandal is over, the 1934 Act may have to go back to the drawing boards to be amended once again. One major activity <rf Elliot Richardson, the new Attorney Genera!, and Melvin Laird, President Nixon's adviser on domestic affairs, will never make the headlines, Yet it perhaps will be the most important single contribution thes« dissimilar men make to government over the next few yea-ffl. When Rlohardson lets his hair down, Insofar as this careful, precise man can, he says his objective in government is to bring more of the people working for him into the planning of what his agency does (a feed-in frcm the bottom up) and to heJip them work with an understand* ing of how their decisions and their actions affect the whole of the department (and the government)* Laird is known to hold the same vieiw. Sui •:ti rfictolly, all this does not sound very dramatic. But in watching Washington these past 30 years this reporter is convinced that the great and most serious longtime problem of the federal government is that planning, more often than mot, comes from the top down - awl the middle and bottom m fy< subWnatos with Jong yma ot experience in the job, as contrasted with <he iftfttw, out* tomorrow tenure of th* top 3,000 men In govwunont, are .too often asked only to devise ways to Implement plans already decided on. This system fails to take advantage of the vast experience and considerable ability of many of the career men in government. (And there are sizable numbers of very able men and women — along with a quota of dunderheads.) This practice also creates a tremendous morale problem, Capable men whose ideas are ignored with regularity gradually give up trying, they do their work but not with enthusiasm. They mark time. They resist change. AIM), thus important sections of the vast federal bureaucracy inch along with great ^efficiency, which belies what excellence is present in its membership. Mow tfHw is m doubt tot wbnMMIdA voted m mm tow the right and duty m co operation with Ctoigww) to make the deoidofft after the various plana mi pjpojafai + Meanwhile bureaucrats build empires. Those devoted to one poHtloal philosophy or another with unfortunate frequency actively sabotage programs of su* periorg and administrations with which they disagree. All this results In an enormous waste of talent, a subversion of plans and incredible are thoroughly waned. To have u otherwise would defeat the will of the voters. But all too often a new administration, whether Democratic or Eepbtoro. wUl dome into office so suspJoittus of the bureaucracy that a war then begins between the President's appointees and the career civil servants, a comflot which only ends when a neiw administration comes In—at which Urn* a new battle begins, This intermittent batting baa resulted in vast mismanagement over the yeara of multi* bllUan-doliar programs in welfare, health, ediwation, defense, veterans aid, foreign assistance and trade, And sometimes even a needless breakdown or deterioration ' m our relaWonshli with other nations, Crusty Critic Likes Character Everyone who regards me as a, crusty, curmudgeonly critic of everything new which crops up in American education had better rear back and settle down. When a new wrinkle syi> faces and makes sense, I'm far it, and I don't have to go any farther than Indianapolis to prove it. Before me is a letter from the Booster city's school superintendent, Karl Kalp, addressed to the parents of the community. It announces a 1973 program called "Character Education*' r 1 By in kindergarten mi ending in the 12»th grade, asnd specifically designed to improve pupil behavior. Quoting directly from Dr. Kalp's letter, here are the program's 12 points: <( 1—The development of gpe, cific instructional programs in each subject ar$a and grade level for the promotion of good Qitizenship, school spirit,* Joyal^ ty, respect for authority and proper behavior. "2—The installation of a specific program in character education in grades kindergarten through six. The examination and es^ tablishmeflt of programs for the teaching of values and good citizenship in grades seven through 12. "4—In-service programs far teachers 'through the closed- circuit TV system, new^ettetrs •and meetings which identify the skills of classroom maijiagement and improve the effectiveness of al i J teachers in this area. "5—The identification of in­ spiring community leaders who can partiaipate in group guidance and individual counseling programs for pupils. ^1 mi"6—The development of indi- vidwal building-planning, committees which will identify the specific problems of pupil behavior in each school. The school community will be asked to cooperate and support pro^ grams as they are set up. The cJarificatiw and vigorous support of school rules and regulations with the constant support of teachers who are enfcwr&ng those rules and relations, "Ih-The improvement of the hearing system for eases - of suspw^a-ns and expulsions, "MThe implementation of a pilot truancy reduction program if funding is obtained from "com* © 1973 b, NEA, I »EWH 4 WHAT DO YOU JAJAft 'KUNQ WT Qalesburg Ksgisfer-Mail Of/Ice 140 South Pralrl* Street GalMburg, UJlnpu, *UU1 TELEPHONE NUMUEft Roglster-Matl Exchange 343-7191 •UP8CJUFT1QN RATU By Carritr jn City of Qtftibur* Sntfred at Stconct Clau MaiUr at the Post Office at Quhthmg, Illinois, under Act ot Congrou ot March 3, 1879. Daily except Sunrtaya and Holidays other than Washington'* Birthday, Columbus Day and Vetarane Day, Ethel Custer Pritchard, publisher: Charles Morrow, editor and general manager; Hubert Harrison, managing editor; Michael Johnson, as- bistant to the editor; James O Connor, assistant managing editor. National Advertising Representatives; Ward Gril/ith Co., Ino., New York, Chicago. Detroit. Los Angele*, San Francisco, Atlanta. Minneapolis. Pittsburgh, Boston, Charlotte Py KFP mall In our retail trading zone: 1 Year §16.00 3 Months $5 25 6 Months I 9.00 1 Month |2.0U No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there is csUhHsheo newspaper boy delivery service. 3y Carrier in retail trading lone outside City of Galesburf 9Go a Week * By mail outside retail trading tone In Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone: 1 Year 122.00 3 Months 6 Months |12.00 1 Month $8 00 MEMJ 1?' M By mail outside Illinois, low* and Missouri: 1 Year £20.00 3 Month* |7.&Q e Months $14 50 I Month $3 .00 munity agencies. <( 10-A program of identifying influential community agencies and working with them In improving pupil behavior, M 11—Planning programs with specific staff members whkft will explore problems <rf group- guidance techniques, mcKtifylng claasrow befhavior, value clart fioatjon and ethnic sensitivities, "12—The planning and imple^ mentation . of the alternative school proposal for which fund" nised from the Re^ gion 5 Federal Criminal Justice Pianming Agency," Number iz is the real kicker.' The "alterative school- 1 will be for students who are "aggressive and hostile or who in other disrupt classroom display tendencies the normal or read Pr, Kalp and his school board have finally had it up to their eyebrows with the sullen, sneering slobs who are increasingly infesting our high schools \ and making teachers* lives a perfect hell. Their proposal, quite bluntly, will set up a reform school for •bullies, vandais, revolution^ ists and dope pushers, quaw^ n vkm they can't terrorise (he decent kids any mare, J salute Indiwapolis, saying in one breath, "Right on!" and '•It's about time!" But if this thing can be car* ried out properly, it will mean a lot moire than just a quarantine. There will be 'an organ­ ised, systematic effort made to teach positive qualities of ethics, morality and respect for law and order, starting with little ^yeaftolds and continuing unremittingly right up to gradua* fen day. Some of us developed a simi* lar program in California during the Sixties. The handbook on "Moral and Ethical Values in F California Schools' 1 was and remains a milestone in its fieM. The problem • has always been to persuade enough;, s^ool boards and supefrinfedente to decide to us9 it. I hereby 6ffer it [free of charge to the embafc tied Indianapolis school people if they want it; although, come to think of it, they seem well ahle t(> develop their <own stand' Th^-nioest part of this whole affair is -that, if it wks, the "alternative school" can be phased out dtyottt 1.980. It just won 't be needed my more. How about it, you school board members in -the other 49 states? Anyone else for character educa-tiw? Almanac Today is Saturday, June 30, the 181st day of 1973 with 184 to follow. The moon is new. The. mwning stars m Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening stars are Mercury and Venus. Thof§ barn on this date an accredited law Union College of kaw in Chicago. ed from sdhool— In American trqqps are wnder the sign of Camper, American wtor Walter Hampden was horn June 30, 1879. pn thte day in history: In 1870, Ada JCeple became the first woman to be graduat­ ion, were transferred from Japan to South Korea to assist in the war against l^orth Korean Communist invaders. In 1971, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the right of newspapers to publish the Pentagon secret papers on Vietnam. Also on thai day, three Soviet astronaut? were fqund dead in their space capsule upon its return to earth. Crossword Puzzle Amwsri to Pwipui Pu»h AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATION ACROSS 15oar 8 Stinging 12 Mosl?m title of respect 13 Portrait statue 14 N &uUvftl term 16 Impressive 1$ More serious ?X) Concjuces 31 Girl's nam© ii At a distance ?4.Anglo-SftXOn * theov/ 26 glatt«m 30 American physioirt 32 Legiilfttive body 34 Click-beetle 35 Redactor 80 Certain nil- way* (poll) 37 Pisencumbers 39 Occasion 40 Without (Latin) 41 Oriental coin 43 Onaf ftt 45 Put ntw bread onatirt 49 Modirati 51 Attempt 52 Exudi* 53 Ireland 54 Cravat 55 Is seated 56 Winter vthicb 57 Editors (lb.) DOWN 1 Amateur ftctors 2 Curved molding 3 FJowefs 4 Lariat 5 Land measure 6 Animal enclosure 7 Msrlner'g direqtlpn 8 —— buffalo 0 Icelandic measure 11 Pretexts 17 Reported 19 Turn aside 29 DIHOIVQS 84 Poncing pword 25 Vend 26 Canarylike wr.iw awn aHiJiS wr.iw awn finch 41 27 Frilled pigeon 42 Z9 Particle 29 Father <Fr.) 43 31 Color 44 33 Chemical 46 substance 47 98 Throw oil 48 the rails 40 Social unita 50 Spirited horsi Philippine sweataop Half (prefix) Stain (dial.) French verb Dry Coloring substances Legal point (NlWJPAPfR INTIRPglSI A55N-) I

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