The Daily Tar Heel from Chapel Hill, North Carolina on October 3, 1969 · Page 7
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The Daily Tar Heel from Chapel Hill, North Carolina · Page 7

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Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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Friday, October 3, 1969
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Page 7
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M ? if 1- rirfay, October f"1 ti ii I ( "3 L y ' Ii School Orsaiiiziiig Has EDITOR'S NOTE: To the surprise of many, Chapel Hill is not the only seat of radicalism in this state. Hanson Dunbar helped organize and became editor of the first underground high school newspaper in North Carolina. The author is a freshman who plans to major in English. By HANSON DUNBAR Special to EMPHASIS The radical student movement in Charlotte, N.C. began and is progressing differently than in most other towns and cities across the nation. The work of the Students for a Democratic Society and Southern Students Organizing Committee had minimal effect. The only such organizational movement which is succeeding to any extent is the Black Panther Movement. There is and was no large influx of college students or "northern liberals". The white radicalization had to come from within. With the lack of a large college or university in the area, the movement began in the high schools. In the spring of 1968, Tony Gallagher, a student at East Macklenburg High School, ran for vice-president of the student body on the first student power platform presented to Charlotte students. This was the By KEN RIPLEY Special to EMPHASIS ROTC on campus will not emerge as a major issue this year, believe the four student and regular military commanders of the Air Force and Navy ROTC programs. Instead, they feel that intensified Feace efforts m Vietnam and "more understanding of the nature of ROTC" have calmed the question of ROTC's place on campus. NROTC's Captain Vincent J. Anania; AFROTC's Lieutenant Colonel Paul E. Smith; senior Paul deWitt, N R O T C Regimental Commander; and senior Michael Sheen, AFROTC Group Commander, presented in separate interviews ROTC's view of the coming year. The four officers, student and military, discussed the H fcj r 3, 1969 Azad. ! 'X f 1 ' DTH EMPHASIS PHOTO BY TOM SCHNABEL Movement literature table at UNC An everyday sight Former Underground Editor f emergence of the first "political" base of the radicalization. Although Gallagher lost the election, the -group of students working with his campaign began work on another project, and underground magazine. The first issue appeared in June, 1968. Dubbed INQUISITION, it was mostly literary in nature with Gallagher supplying an article replying to charges made against him during the campaign. The INQUISITION staff b ecame increasingly political and began radicalization during the summer due largely to extensive work for McCarthy and having it end with the troubled Democratic National Convention. The third issue was released at the opening of school in September with a circulation of 500. However, the backyard press used to print the magazine was good only for the next two issues. Frozen dink, shredded paper, and a two week printing period for the thousand t copies of the fifth issue made the do-it-yourself printing unfeasable. The staff soon found that establishment printers are not especially anxious to print an underground paper; prices were astronomical. Issues six and seven had 2000 copies each and were printed for a bearable price, but the printer quite suddenly IT possibility of continued anti-ROTC agitation agajn this year as well as the effects of last year's controversy surrounding the. present ROTC programs. They generally agreed that opposition to ROTC on campus tended to focus on the war in Vietnam, and because of this was really, said deWitt, "an expression of attacks on the military in general." Though they felt that those who want to protest will do so, the officers foresee the reduction of forces in Vietnam and the easing of the draft situation as helping to remove ROTC from the list of major issues. Should ROTC be made into a major campus issue, these officers believe the controversy will center around the same issues that were raised last year. These included the questions of academic credit for ROTC courses, the O doubled his prices. The magazine was saved by Barry Wienstock, a movement printer in1 Atlanta who printed the original staff's final two issues at cost. In March, when the sixth issue was released, The East Mecklenburg High School principal instructed the staff that soliciting on campus was against school policy. An appeal to the school board accomplished nothing. This completed the list of places the magazine could not solicit (i.e., public parks, public buildings, schools). The appeal did result in much pro-INQUISITION publicity from the Charlotte O b server and the Charlotte News. Shortly afterwards the magazine was instructed by the City Zoning Department not to print another sheet of paper on the offset press or they would be criminally prosecuted for doing so in a single family residential zone. The staff decided they had had enough so they consulted Liberties Union lawyer George S. Daly. Two suits were drawn up," one questioning the constitutionality of the zoning law, and the other being filed against the police department. The latter suit was filed because a police official allegedly asked several staff members if any "nasty pictures" were to be published in the magazine before he would ' issue his stamp of selection of ROTC instructors, the need for and nature of ROTC discipline and extracurricular activities and drills, and the general presence of military on campus. Both deWitt and Sheen commented that pressure will be on anti-ROTC supporters to produce some solid new arguments against the programs. Said deWitt, who is also serving on the committee now studying ROTC accreditation: "The radicals will have to raise some new points to help their cause the old ones have been pretty much adequately covered." The Committee for Academic Accreditation for ROTC, deWitt said, is trying to conclude its study by the end of October. He feels that findings thus far tend to support the present ROTC progrrms. Both ROTC 4 10 11 i 4 V Its Faults approval to the license. , The zoning case was won, with much applause from the establishment press; the second case was thrown out on the grounds that the plantiff failed to show that prior restraint was a policy pattern, and practice of the Charlotte Police Department. The magazine was turned over to the. hippie community" in Charlotte during mid-summer. It is now published bi-weekly in newspaper format. Ti JJ . I' 1 v.- : ( ti ? . S i tlfy ' II hi J K?t-S YAF Newspaper Highlight, By CAM WEST Special to EMPHASIS Young Americans for Freedom allows the individual a certain degree of individual freedom other groups don't give. The national organization doesn't control local groups it lets the local groups meet their own issues." So said David Adcock, state vice chairman for YAF. Most Carolina students became aware of YAF with the first issue of its paper, "The Renaissance," which appeared on campus last week. And YAF plans to continue the paper, probably on a monthly programs have indicated a willingness to seriously consider the Committee recommendations. None of the officers anticipate that any anti-ROTC movement this year will be effective in forcing ROTC off campus. Sheen feels that such movements will lack popular support because "students in general on campus are willing to live and let live." Colonel Smith commented th.at as long as the ROTC program continues to meet the academic standards of the University, it will remain. At the present time, both ROTC units offer two separate and different programs which eventually lead to a commission in eitner the regular Navy or the Air Force. Although campus agitation last year had very little effect on the ROTC groups, efforts were made, especially by the Navy, n rr "i JiiiUOI II Ji By STEVEN ENFIELD DTH Associate Editor It strikes you at first like a parade in reverse. The thin string of stationary protestors, some with placards, some with books, winds its immobile way from the Post Office, past Harry's and down past a few more stores. All the while a constant procession of passers-by glance at the human statues as they hustle on to the movies, laundromat, or class. This is the weekly Peace Vigil which has been going on from 12 to 1 p.m. every Wednesday since Jan. 4, 1967. Watching its supporters stand silently in the rain, snow, or heat week after, week, you begin to get some idea of why Chapel Hill is known as the liberal bastion of this state. The Peace Vigil is a living symbol of dissent on this campus. As one of its founders, Charlotte Adams, put it: "This, may be an exercise in futility, but it's a form-of dissent and ,-we .hope i t ' s 1 e a d i n g somewhere." Over the years, the Vigil workers have sent letters to many influential men in Washington but have never received a presidential reply.; Although they have heard fromc Senators Cooper, Fulbright, f McGovern, and Hatfield. The following is offered as a guide to other leftist groups on campus which frequently appear in the news: THE MOV EM ENT: Purpose To build socialism in America and end racism and militarism; Compositionformer S.S.O.C. and Y.S.A. members; Years on YAF bills itself as the "New Right." "We call ourselves the New Right' to distinguish us from the 'Old Right,' " Adcock said. "YAF is a blend of traditional conservatives, a majority of moderates, and many libertarians, who believe in protecting the individual's rights," he added. Adcock distinguished between ''protecting an individual's rights" and "protecting an individual from himself." He said that benefits such as welfare and social security are "protecting the individual from to correct any defects in the program. All four men agreed that ROTCs relationship with the Administration remained excellent, if not improved. "Both the Air Force and Naval ROTC have excellent communication with South Building," Smith said. Morale in the ROTC units remained high last year, despite campus tension. Captain Anania feels "there is a feeling of pride and prestige in being in ROTC on this campus." Smith felt that morale remained high in AFROTC bee a use "cadets had better understanding v of what was happening over ROTC on campus than other students." Campus criticism across the nation happened to coincide with the results of a three-year study then being completed by the Navy on the nature of ROTC curriculum. JL3 High .1LLLL If 77 hubs Campus 2; Membership 10 hard core Radicals-In-Residence; Planned Activities: marches, sit-ins, more to be announced; Outlook as seen by radical-in-residence Meg Rose: "We hope to have better success and look for people to do the work to get the goals accomplished." PROTEAN RADISH: Purpose To convey the leftist political ideas of its writers to the university community; Composition members of the Movement; Years on Campus 1; Membership staff of 30, led by full-time organizers Scott Bradley, Mike Tola, and George Vlasits; Planned Activities publish, distribute, and disseminate ideas; Outlook as seen by one leader: "Our circulation has been good and looks to be broadened to Durham." NEW UNIVERSITY CONFERENCE: Purpose To raise the level of socialist consciousness on Campus; Composition faculty and grad students; Years on campus 2; Membership 25; Planned Activities establishment of study groups on nature of capitalism and socialism; Outlook as seen by leader Fred Bode: "WTe want to play the education role this year but we3i AbeniwatchinSdeve.nts. ori,, campus." ,- . BLACK STUDENT MOVEMENT: Purpose To bring about the ultimate freedom and independence of black people in the UJS.; Composition black students on campus; Years on Campus 2; Membership 120; Planned Activities beginning a black newrspaper, trying to get the administration to meet MS IS himself." Adcock observed that in recent years, there has been an influx of the "silent majority" type of student into YAF. "This type of student has been awakened to the fact that if he doesn't stand up for his rights, he'll soon have no rights left to defend," he said. "Students are becoming frustrated at two things the liberal university and 'New Left Facism, " Adcock continued. He spelled out ways to end university liberalism. "Individual freedoms must be extended to, the campus," said Adcock. "We oppose mandatory student fees. Students should have the opportunity of doing what they want to do." Adcock also charged that "the University hasn't given conservative educators a chance." Why are there no conservative professors on the campus? Not because there is a lack of them. It's because professors are hamstrung on what they can say," he asserted. The YAF leader defined "New Left Facism" as an effort aiming to deny an individual his freedoms and prerogatives. He said that leftists are trving to set up "their own little elitist state." YAF, which Adcock calls the "nation's largest 'nonpartisan political organization," does not endorse candidates for public office: "Our cause to return America to individual freedoms is not served by taking sides in political campaigns." 1 1 V 77 some of the unfulfilled demands of last year, making white students aware that the administration is not sympathetic to the BSM; Outlook as seen by Minister of Information Jack McLean: "Marches and sit-ins are over for the BSM. We will be very active this year it will be a struggle to the end." PEACE VIGIL: Purpose-To dramatize opposition to the war in Vietnam; Composition-concerned citizens of Chapel Hill; Years on Campus 2; Membership 20 to 30 weekly participants; Planned Activities literature tables, weekly reading of Viet death list, supplying conscientious objector's handbook and other materials; Outlook as seen by long-time Vigil worker Charlotte Adams: "We expect good support. We're glad for whoever comes for any length of time." WOMEN'S LIBERATION MOVEMENT: Purpose To get women together to end their yri n ti Sp 77 STEVE ENFIELD - Howard Fuller. Mention the name in popular judgment will be Where he goes, so goes the jjukc, ursL, ... Mention the same name in the leftist camp and you get a totally different picture. Here is a man, they'd say, who is not afraid to fight for his people, who has charisma, and who in the case of Douglas Knight was a giant-killer. At 28, Howard Fuller is a folk hero. When he was 14, Howard Fuller was a folk delinquent back in Shreveport, Louisiana. He was on the block and black freedom and equality didn't mean anything to him compared with the normal wants of the ghetto: dope, whores, and money. But young Fuller wanted something else basketball and his desire for this was to change his whole life. He asked to be put on the school team but Vic Anderson, an ex-Marine and a white man, told Fuller to straighten up or go back to playing on the asphalt. Losing a 64" player as talented as Fuller was a big risk for Anderson but his gamble paid off. Fuller went on to local basketball honors and he became the first black to attend Carroll College in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The other 849 white students, amazed at his ability on and off the court, elected him president of the student body. After receiving a Master's Degree in Social Wfork in 1964 from Western Reserve University, he became a poverty worker who got "instant Negroes instant employment." He became disenchanted with this post after one month and soon later he came to North Carolina at about the time all the black power doctrines were emerging. JLast year aunng ine word-of-mouth reward of daring enough to put a bullet in his head. Was Fuller scared? Sure. But as he put it: "You only worry about it if you're going to stop what Tndav Fuller still has the youth and he feels the revolution this year will be on a "higher plain" than before. This means blood and bayonett will replace placard and peace sign. He describes himself as the HNIC (Head Nigger. In Charge) of the Malcolm X Liberation School in Durham and in that title it is apparent that Howard Fuller has done anything but mellow with age. X 7 Howard i i 77 oppression; Composition-concerned wives and coeds; Years on Campus 1; Membership 50; Planned Activities literature tables, implementing a women's self defense course; Outlook as seen by worker Martha Smith: 'I think that Women's Liberation will affect every woman on this campus in one way or another." VIETNAM MORA-TORIUM: Purpose To bring as much pressure as possible on the Nixon Administration from the campuses to end the war in Vietnam; Composition-concerned students from a broad range of the university community; On Campusone month; Membership 10 hard-core workers at the start; Planned Activities to close down normal campus activity for one day in October, two in November, and so on; Outlook as seen by coordinator Buck Goldstein: "Wre hope this is going to have an effect; I wouldn't say I'm optimistic or pessimistic." L. academic circles and the that he is a trouble-maker. revolution Belmont Abbey, racial birue in uuruani, a S2,000 was offered to anyone you re doing. lean and hunsrv look of his Fuller OTJ

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