Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 3, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Thursday, October 3, 1963
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4 Gotesburg Reflister-Moil, Golesburg, III. Thurs., Oct. 3, 1963 'That Far and No Farther!' Polls Indicate You Have to Be Rich to Be Socialist By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN SOME TEN YEARS AGO William Buckley, now the well-known editor of that conservative fortnightly of opinion, National Review, raised the roof by suggesting that college undergraduates were being indoctrinated in a new orthodoxy, that of the collectivist "liberal" Left. His basic idea was that, under the guise of "freedom of inquiry," students were being subtly propagandized by professors who had come of distinctly Leftist intellectual age in the disaster period of the Nineteen Thirties. Mr. Buckley's thesis was based on his own observations and experiences as a college newspaper editor at Yale. It was rejected in many quarters with considerable heat. But in subsequent years scientifically conducted opinion polls attested to the existence of a new Leftist orthodoxy. And the timid emergence of conservative clubs on several campuses, promptly labeled as "right-wing radicalism," was still another in­ dication that the "orthodoxy" of the vast majority of students was "liberal." NOW, as the Right-Left controversy bids fair to erupt from the campus to become the leading issue in a national election, the editors of Mr. Buckley's National Review, in conjunction with the editors of Russell Kirk's "Educational Reviewer," have jointly sponsored a poll that has probed deeply into the political and religious attitudes of the undergraduate student bodies of 12 universities, ranging from big Yale in the East to big Stanford in the West, and from tiny Reed College in Portland, Ore., to huge Indiana State University in Bloomington, Ind. To make the poll a truly representative cross-section, the pulse- takers included Sarah Lawrence College, listed as ''private, nonsectarian, women's, small, and progressive"; Marquette University, "private, Catholic-supported, co-educational, run by Jesuits"; the University of South Carolina, "state - supported, segregated"; Howard University, "predominant* ly Negro"; and Brandeis, "founded under Jewish auspices, but nonsectarian." Williams College was included because it is small and rich; Davidson, of North Carolina, because it is "private, Presbyterian-affiliated," and different in several other ways from state- supported Southern universities. The results of the poll will not come as a surprise to people who were convinced by Mr. Buckley long ago, for they tend to prove all over again that the prevailing campus orthodoxy is "1 i b e r P 1- Left." It could have been taken for granted that "in all but two of the colleges tested," the significant change in undergraduate thinking after freshman year "has been in a liberal" — meaning a collectivist — direction. The exceptions to the rule, not so surprisingly, are Catholic Marquette of Milwaukee, Wis., and Indiana State University, in the heart of cr :ervative Indiana. WHAT IS really interesting about the poll is not the overall conclusions, but the gradations revealed in special instances. Socialism — meaning an acceptance of "the position tha* advocates, at the minimum, government ownership of the basic industries" — seems most rampant at the colleges which draw their student bodies from the children of rich parents. Thus the pollsters say that "the typical Williams and Sarah Lawrence parent is richer than the Yale man's and the Williams parent appears even more conservative than his Yale counterpart (Williams parents are about 75 per cent Republican, the heaviest Republican figure by far of any of the 12 colleges in the poll). Yet nearly a third of the students at Sarah Lawrence and Williams - are socialists ... 31 per cent of the Williams student body favors socialization of steel, railroads, et al. . ." What this would seem to indicate is that the rich, as a class, do not believe in their system to the evtent of seeing to it that their own children learn to take intellectual naptosibillty for administering inherited steel mill* and railroads. Apparently, if th 0 capitalist system is saved, It will be by the sons and daughters of the poor and the moderately affluent. Only 18 per certt of the Yale students are advocates of government ownership of major industries, as compared to the 31 per cent at richer Williams. ANOTHER interesting facet of the poll is that Yale is the only well-to-do school at which "more than 70 per cent of the students would prefer war with the Soviet Union to surrender." In general, "the poorer students" everywhere are more "firmly anti-««nmunist than wealthier students." The Negro students of Howard, for example, are far readier to go to war with the Soviets rather than surrender than are the far wealthier undergraduates of Sarah Lawrence, Brandeis, and Reed. Did someone say that you have to grow up on New York's Park Avenue to be a real proletarian? It certainly looks that way. Copyright 1963 Edmund VaJtman, Hartford Times ^ EDITORIAL Comment and Review Judicial Hornet's Nest The U.S. Supreme Court will get no respite from the field of major controversy in the 1963-64 term now beginning. New cases involving reapportionment of state legislatures and Negro sit-ins in public establishments will be high on the docket. The reasonably well-informed layman may ask: "Havan't those issues already been settled by the court?" The answer is, only in part. In the matter of the sit-ins, the high court ruled last spring in a cluster of decisions that segregation practices which bar Negroes from lunch counters and similar places .are uhcon-' stitutional—where it can be shown that state or city authority was used to enforce such practices. Left unsettled was the question of whether the proprietor of a privately owned establishment, acting entirely on his own, can bar New National Shelter Program When Soviet and American tanks faced each other across the Berlin wall in 1961, and a year later during the traumatic Cuban missile crisis, Congress turned thumbs down on administration plans for a big fallout shelter program. Yet on Sept. 17, 1963, less than six weeks after the signing of a U.S.-Soviet test ban agreement, the House overwhelmingly approved legislation to launch the nation on the first step of a vast shelter-building program that by 1968 would cost $2.1 billion. What the House did, on the urging of its Committee on Armed Services, was to authorize $190 million for fiscal 1964 to build shelters in federal buildings and to supply incentive payments for public and nonprofit institutions that provide community shelter areas. The measure now is before the Senate Armed THE MAILBOX Counly Home Open House Editor, Register-Mail: As you may know, we will be having open house, Sunday, Oct. 6, from 2 to 5 p.m., at the Knox County Nursing Home. We would like to use the Mailbox again as a means of inviting everyone to open house and asking all to remember a few things in making a visit here. All of the staff have worked hard to keep the building as clean and pleasant as possible for our residents. But please remember that regardless of the pleasant surrounding we have tried to maintain, this building has been condemned by the state for many necessary reasons and will have to he closed in 1965. The residents can sit and visit in our large main halls which have nicely polished floors but many of their rooms are so small as to barely hold the bed, chest, and a straight chair that make their own private home. The open staircases, that can be kept beautiful and most attractive, are a constant hazard to people who are a little unsteady on their feet or who are in need of wheelchairs or crutches to get around the building .... It will not be up to you or us to judge the building. That has been done by the state, has been found inadequate for a nursing home, and is to be closed. We hope the open house will acquaint you with the work we have tried to do, and show you the necessity of providing our elderly now and in the future with a pleasant, adequate, and sale County Nursing Home.—The gtaif. Services Committee, where it faces an uncertain fate. Although bomb shelter construction was authorized in the basic Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950, until the House acted this year Congress had refused to vote for any kind of shelter construction. Why it should choose to do so during a period of relaxation in East- West tensions is a question to which perhaps only psychologists could supply the answer. Six weeks of hearings before the House Armed Services Committee, in which testimony was taken from 108 witnesses, is said to have made civil defense believers out of congressmen. Experts testified that 25 million to 65 million lives could be saved in case of a nuclear attack by providing reasonable protection against fallout radiation, and that this saving would greatly enlarge the country's capacity to win a war and recover from it. Gen. Curtis E. LeMay, Air Force Chief of Staff, was among those who testified that fallout protection was a necessary complement to military programs. Three years earlier LeMay had rejected massive shelter-building as a "Maginot line concept . . . doomed to failure." Opponents argue that a massive shelter building program initiated by either side would be a disequilibrating element in the balance of terror. Rep. George E. Brown Jr. iD- Calif.) fears the net result of a big shelter program would be "to increase the chances of nuclear war by helping to establish a psychological climate in which such war becomes acceptable." Sen. Barry Goldwater (It-Ariz.) recently voiced opposition on the ground that "if the neutron bomb is developed, it will make obsolete every shelter we have." Whatever action Congress finally takes will be in the face of massive public apathy. A Cornell University study of civil defense attitudes in five Midwestern cities reveals that only 1 per cent of the people believe fallout shelters are absolutely necessary in the United States. One businessman called civil defense "the biggest yawn in town." A $2.1 billion yawn, it might be added, if Congress goes all the way in providing 240 million shelter spaces — the number needed to provide protection to the population both at home and at work. Congress, World's Greatest Deliberating Body Negroes once he has declared his place open to the public. Congress, of course, is right now embroiled in debate over this very issue as it mulls over President Kennedy's civil rights program. The Supreme Court's 1962 decision in the Tennessee reapportionment case simply made the point that the federal courts have a right to speak in suits involving malapportioned legislatures—on the ground that the 14th Amendment's "equal protection of the laws" clause guards voters against such distortions in voting strength. The general public will be highly attentive to this decision, too, as it will to the outcome of the new sit-in cases. For the Supreme Court, plainly, it is — once more — out of the swarm of bees and into a hornet's nest. By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — It has taken Congress the full nine months-plus to give birth to its first two important decisions of the year — on the test ban treaty in the Senate and the tax bill in the House. , In this period Congress has been able to give fewer than 100 of President Kennedy's 250 legislative recommendations any consideration at all. Two-thirds of the administration program hasn't even been taken up in committee for hearings. In addition, more than 8,500 bills have been introduced in the House and more than 2,100 in the Senate. Of these 11,000 measures originating with congressmen, fewer than 100 — one per cent of the total — have been enacted into law. Only five new laws passed this year are considered of major importance. THESE FACTS and figures emphasize the need for reorganization of Congress better than all the words in the 17,000 pages of Congressional Record proceedings. Congress isn't exactly on strike against the rest of the government. Both Senate and House are working longer and harder this year than in any Congress since World War II. But the end result is a slowdown and an inability to make decisions that is more crippling than a strike. What Congress really needs is the same kind of action it took in the railroad labor crisis to prevent a strike. If Congress can't modernize its own work rules to eliminate legislative featherbedding, it should turn the job over to arbitrators empowered to bring in a binding decision. But the chances for any such action this year are slim. UNDER BIPARTISAN sponsorship of Senators Joe Clark, D- Pa„ Clifford Case, R-N. J., and 30 others, the Senate Rules Committee has finally cleared a resolution to set up a Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress. Similar resolutions have been introduced in the House by Reps. John V. Lindsay, R-N. Y., Henry Reuss, D-Wis. But nobody outside of Congress is pushing this project. And what it needs more than anything else is a public lobby to demand reform. \ It has even been suggested that President Kennedy could well show a little more interest in this project, since he has been the principal victim of congressional lethargy. , While the President keeps up a front of not wanting to interfere with Congressional procedures, he certainly interferred on reorganization of the House Rules Committee. ASSUMING THAT the Clark- Case resolution can be sieved through the crowded congressional "colander" this late in the year, the Joint Committee would be authorized to make recommendations to improve organization, simplify operations and attain better relations with other branches of government. Three other resolutions approved by the Rules Committee would permit study of specific reforms: • Set aside four hours of each session for debate pertinent to legislation under consideration and nothing else. • Allow committees to meet without obtaining special permission while only routine business is being considered. • Authorize Congress to handle matters pertaining to the budget more efficiently and expeditiously. But reform of Senate and House rules which are responsible for many of the delaying tactics used by congressmen opposed to a pending measure during floor debate would again be excluded from consideration by the new Joint Committee. SENATOR CLARK and others are of the opinion that no real streamlining of Congress can be effected until its antiquated work rules are brought up to date. Senator Case is spokesman for another group which believes the power of committee chairmen must be curbed. Any action Congress might take on reforms approved by the Senate Rules or House Administration committees could not be made effective before Jan. 1, 1965. That means the 1964 session will have to plod along under existing traditions which encourage inaction. Nation Lacks Record of Loans to Other Countries By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON—Eighteen years and more than $100 billion later, Uncle Sam still lacks accurate 'records on myriad loans made under various programs of foreign aid. A red-faced David Bell, chief of the Agency for International Development, was forced to admit he has no tabulation of what foreign countries owe what to the U. S. Treasury. After all, he told Sen. John J. Williams, such an undertaking would be a "rather massive typing and clerical job." The explanation did not satisfy Williams, known as Mr. Economy to his colleagues. He asked Bell to prepare a report listing every outstanding loan; the manner in which it is to be repaid; the outstanding balance; and other specifics. Bell, who winced as the House of Representatives chopped more than half a billion dollars from his budget last month, is in no mood to annoy anybody. He promised Williams the report would be ready in no time flat. That was in August. In a matter of days, Bell now says, the figures will be available. * * * BACKERS of Sen. Barry Goldwater are cheered by the findings FINDING THE WAYi Don't Miss the Chance! By RALPH W. LOEW, D.D. Newspaper Enterprise Association The sign read in part, "You can't afford to miss this opportunity." It recounted the advantages of buying merchandise from this particular store. It may have been a rare chance, but I missed it. It set me wondering about what we can really afford. Reared in the atmosphere of a thrifty household, we were taught that we should be certain that we could afford all the purchases we made. That was before the growth of a credit system and a new school of economics that emphasizes other values. Yet it is not just monetary purchases that ought to concern us. It is, rather, the insistent challenges of these days. We can't afford to miss them. Our cities can't afford to allow any more time to go by without solving their housing crises. Political leaders can't afford to do those things which degrade the office. Our democratic system can't afford to overlook problems that range from unemployment to responsible freedom. Or are we to seem to admit that a democracy can't afford its way of life? Is this form of government unable to devise the way by which its schools in rural as well as urban centers can be adequately supported, its inner tensions solved and its announced idealism expressed in its way of life? What men think they can afford is too often based on ephemeral values. Time can be wasted or used. Money can be frittered or employed. Talents can be abused or multiplied. Economist Barbara Ward insists "The dice are not hopelessly loaded against us. Our morals and our interests- seen in true perspective—do not pull apart. Only the narrowness of our interests,, whether personal or national, blinds us to this moral truth." We can't afford this narrowness in these revolutionary times. We can't afford a kind of apathy which infects so much of our complacency, which causes us to hope that something will turn up at the right time to handle our moral problems. None of us can afford to be enslaved by our novelties and our gadgets. History has a way of insisting, "You can't afford to miss this opportunity." of Fletcher Knebel, Washington correspondent for Look Magazine. In a recent swing across the Southwest, Knebel found "the Goldwater surge strong and vibrant — in places even bellicose." Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma, Knebel finds, will send Goldwater delegations to the 1964 Republican National Convention in San Francisco. If nominated, Goldwater will carry all four states, something no other GOP possibility could do, aocording to Knebel. These four would give GoJdwater 42 of the 268 electoral votes necessary for election. Goldwater would pull into office innumerable other Republicans, yielding the most bountiful GOP harvest in history. "A shower of blessings," says Oklahoma's GOP chairman, William Burkett. GO* DWATEK could net the Republicans another Southwest governor (they now have two); another U. S. senator (they now have three); four to six new representatives (they now have four out of 34); and perhaps 100 additional state legislators (they now have 90 out of FS1). No other Republican nominee could run as strongly, according to Oklahoma Governor Henry Sellmon, his state's first GOP Chief Executive. Democrat Jack Campbell, governor of New Mexico, says much the same thing: "Goldwater has made an impact on this state, and he'd add something to the Republican ticket. I'd rather run here, against a ticket headed by Nelson Rockefeller." Allen Duckworth, political analyst for the Dallas Morning News, quotes an intimate of Vice Presi­ dent Lyndon Johnson to the effect that Goldwater would carry Texas by more than 150,000 votes. Other Texas experts feel toe GOP can oust Senator Ralph Yarborough, ultra-liberal Democrat, and pick up several seats in the House of Representatives if Goldwater runs. Copyright 1963 Qalesburg lister-Mail Office 140 tioutn fralrle Str««t Galesburg, Illinois rtXiiFHUNi. NUMBER Register-Mall Kxcnange 342-6161 Entered "s Second Class Matter at ths Post Office at Galesburg 1111- noU, under \et of Congress of M "-h 3. 1879 Daily except Sunday Ethel Cluster SchmJth Publisher Charles Morrow — -Editor and Genera) Manager At. H tddy Associate i!XMoi And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Represent*- tive Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. Dew York Chicago, Detroit Boston. Atlanta. San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia. Charlotte MEMTER AUDI! BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEH ASSUl IA 1 fc,U PRESS rhe Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AF npw« dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mall in our retail trading zona: I vear tiu.OU a Months S3 .SO 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.23 No n.aU subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail tradini~sona" outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois Iowa and Mia* sour! and by motor route la retail trading cone 1 year $13.00 3 Months $3.11 6 Months $ 7.00 t Month $1.15 By mail outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 year f 1B .00 3 MontIM $500 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2.00 Crossword Puzzzle This and That Answer to Previous Pintle " IE Sororate is a term used to designate all marriages with a wife's sister whether during the lifetime of the first wife or after her death. With remarkable unanintfty, aborigines explain sororal poly­ gyny on the grounds that sisters are unlikely to quar« rel as co-wives. REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Friday, Oct. 3, 1913 More than 30 members of the Galesburg Woman's Relief Corps attended the organization's convention held in Knoxville at Lacy's Hall. Oscar Sandburg and Lloyd Keenan of Galesburg, Dale Roberts and Raymond Watson of Abingdon, Richard Bowman of Oneida and Lloyd Melton of Rio and Sidney Cook of Victoria, represented Knox County ;n the fair corn show at the Illinois State Fair at Springfield. TWENTY YEARS AGO Sunday, Oct. 3, 1943 Annual baccalaureate services of the graduating class of the Galesburg Cottage Hospital School of Nursing were held at First Baptist Church. Bud Abbott and Lou Costello were starring in the motion picture, "Hit the Ice," featured at the Orpheum Theater. ACROSS lBy nature 6 Sudden thrust 9 Overawe 12 Indian 13 Polynesian god 14 Mouths 15 Butterfisn 17 Stripling 18 Vigilant 19 Astraddle 21 Bespangle 23 Bud's sibling 24 Whim 27 Tower up 29 Festival 32 Father of Horus (Egypt) 34 Specific essence, 36 Seal anew 37 Woeful 38 Bulk 39 Always 41 Behold 42 Long fish .44 Redact 46 Warlike 49Amphion's wife 53 School subject 64 One who reels £6 Nautical term 67 Yugoslav big wig 58 Soaks llax 59 Busby clump BQ Raced 51Uth DOWN IMr. Lueosi 2 Verbal 3 Prevalent 4 Approaches 6 Sainte (ab.) 6 Mongoloids 7 Emmets 9 Music halls 10 Mouthward 11 Walk in water 16 Nernst lamp powder 20 Fissures 22 Bridal path 24 Shape 25 Bewildered 26 Discussed 28 Concluded 30 Snare 31 Wriggling 33 Put in new setting 35 Ventilating 40 Veiled 43 Schedules 45 Rows 46 Ale ingredient 48 A-tiptoe 50 Soviet city 51 Greek letter 47 Martian (comb. 52 Formerly form) 55 Deity F" * r 6 r 8 fi IB r 12' 13 U i$ i» 18 19 "' Jl sr B" Mi » 32 a 38 al 41 IP 47" 41"" U 56 W H • U 61 IT s wwsmw mtwim Am. 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