The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 17, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, April 17, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. L—NO. 24 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily New* Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, APRIL 17. 1954 TEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS AF Dismissals Are Revealed House Group Told of Removal Of Men Accused of Red Links WASHINGTON (AP) — The Air Force has reported the dismissal last year of 24 civilians and 54 uniformed personne accused of links with Communists or Red-tinted organizations Air Force officials also told a House appropriations subcommit tee in testimony made public todav that another 150 military persomy: were separated "for somewha closely related reasons" and that Senator MaySeek Tax Cuts New Excise Reductions To Be Asked (AP) — Sen. Long (D-La) said today he may propose a new broad- scate reduction of excise taxes in the Senate debate on the House-passed general tax revision bill. - But Chairman Millikin (R-Col) of the Senate Finance Committee, now conducting hearings on the revision measure, indicated he did. not think such a plan would get far in his group. "I do not think- the committee is going into the question of excise rates again after just passing a big excise bill last month," Millikin said in an interview. However he declined to predict what the full Senate might do. Congress late last month okayed An excise, or sales, tax cutting measure that trimmed a billion dollars worth a year off excises on scores of items. The general revision bill now in the Senate does not deal with excises. Impressed by Economists Long, a Finance Committee member, said in an interview he had been much impressed by recent views of some economists that an additional cut of about one billion dollars in excise taxes on "necessities" would give a needed boost to the nation's economy. The American Medical Assn. today endorsed a provision to allow taxpayers Lu aeauct medical expenses above 3 per cent of their income, instead of the 5 per cent required under present law. The 3 nee rcpt rate is in the revision bill per cent rate is in the revision bill as passed by the House. In a letter to Millikin, the AM A said the change would allow a family of four with taxable income of $6,000 to save enough extra to pay for nearly four months of both hospital and surgical coverage. an additional 104 such cases are under study. Secretary of the Air Force Talbott said the civilian dismissals all "involved actual or alleged membership in the Communist party or affiliations or sympathetic association with the communistic .organizations or persons, or communistic inclinations." He said there were many additional resignations and separations for security reasons which had not yet been reported to headquarter; here. The military dismissals stemmed from 727 security risk cases investigated last year, Air Force officials said, adding that another 811 military cases are under investigation now. Possible Leanings Cited Assistant Secretary of the Air Force H. Lee White said the civilians ousted were not necessarily "out-and-out Communists, but there might be some evidence that would indicate leanings that way, and the defense establishment would be better off without them." Maj. Gen. Joseph F. Carroll, Air Force director of special investigations, said he did not believe 'orrimunists should be allowed to serve as officers or airmen, but that precautions should be taken not to permit "a loophole whereby anyone by merely asserting 'ommunist affiliations may escape performance of military service." The Air Force security figures prompted the subcommittee to slan .an inspection visit to the Pen- agon. Subcommittee Chairman Scrivener (R-Kan) said the group want- d "to make sure in our own minds so we in turn could assure he public that the office of special nvestigations is alert to the danger, and that they, are taking all Dossible .precautions." Committee members said they svanted to look at examples of some of the cleared cases, not as an "investigation," but as a spot check for information. They conceded there was doubt vhether the.files would be open to hem. But Rep. Hruska (R-Neb) aid he would take "a dim view f any regulations which would prohibit their committee viewing) objectively . . . spot checks of the work of this particular department." Nixon's Indochina Statement Provokes Prompt Challenges keds Close Steel Ring Around Dien Bien Phu. Possible Use of U.S. Troops Strongly Hit EASTER MORNING — Typical of the city's children who will hear again the story of the first Easter tomorrow is Judy Lyn Porter, six-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Porter, 120 North Tenth. Judy Lyn is pictured in the garden of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Leech. (Courier News Photo) McCarthy To Return Army's Fire H-Bomb Era's First Easter to Stimulate Prayers for Peace By JAMES DEVLIN HANOI, Indochina (AP) their steel ring around Dien Bien Phu today and stabbed to within 800 yards of the key center area of the French Union fortifications. Garrison soldiers, backed by* planes nnd tank and artillery fire, counterattacked against the Communist-led rebels at all points. Relentless French drives against infikraMng Vietminh units entrenched on the northern part of Dim Bien Phu's main airstrip i j iied yesterday to route them. At the airstrip, the rebels clung to dugouts just 800 yards from 'ie bunkers where Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, the fortress commander, has his headquarters. Colonel to General The 50-year-old De Castries was | hard at work directing the fortress' j defenses when he received word j the Paris government had official| iy boosted his rank from colonel to brigadier general. A French plane parachuted to De entries the two stars which the -'Tench use to designate a briga- 1 lier general. Behind a curtain of mortar fire ;!iat blocked yesterday's French rhnrges against the infiltrated Vietminh. the enemy managed to dig in deeper, fanning out from new craters they had blasted in Dien Bien Phu runways with high explosives. Other rebel uriits^trying to sneak WASHINGTON (AP) — Vice President Nixon says American troops might be used in a last-ditch effort to save Vietminh attackers tightened [ nd , 0( * ina ', T he statement brought prompt challenges from both Republican and Democratic lawmakers. WASHINGTON (AP) 'bill of particulars" by A Sen NEW YORK (AP) — The first Easter of the H-bomb era 1 to > vard the airstrip from the northern be observed around the world tomorrow xvith prayers for ^ !^ were knocked out - the French peace and salvation. $ ome French troops skirted the Rejoicing that Christ is risen mingles with fears that! rebel air Held positions to rein- man has fashioned a weaoon that could doom civilization. Industry You Third Stolen Auto Burned Near Here An automobile reported stolen from a parking place by the Hotel Noble last night is believed to be More than 150 persons are working on Blytheville's $150,000 industrial fund. Even more are needed. \ou may volunteer at Chamber commerce's offices in the City Hall. 2 Die in Maiden AF Plane Crash the ' one found by officers this morning across the levee about four miles south of Caruthersville. Mo., after it had been stripped of its wheels and burned. - This is the third car found in this area since in the past seven weelis that has been burned after being stripped. Garland Hammond, a traveling salesman, who gave his address at the hotel as Searcy. Ark., reported his 1951, Packard car stolen between 7:30 p. m. last night and 8:30 a. m. this morning, according to city police. Mr. Hammond told police the car bore a Mississippi license plate. The car, recently burned, is being investigated by Missouri officers to determine if it is the same one. The description of the vehicle fits Mr. Hammond's car. but they have not been able to check the motor number, accr-rding to Pemiscot County Sheriff's office at Caruthersville. The hope of men, women and hildren at Eastertide was that he occasion never would arise to nleash the bomb's fury. President Eisenhower, on whose houlders rests much of the free world's burden of preventing war, all attend services at Augusta, ra. In Rome. Pope Pius XTI will ppear 'on the loggia of St. Peter's asilica, to impart benediction to the world. The Christian feast of Easter, by unusual coincidence, comes this year on the same day as the Jewish feast of Passover, which commemorates the flight of the Israelites from Egypt. Dr. Israel Goldstein, president of the American Jewish Congress. said in a Passover message that the feast, to Jews, "is a 5.000-year- old rite commemorating the brave free spirit which dominates their lives and thinking." Although the Holy Land itself is torn with Jewish-Arab tension, church bells will call worshipers to service as usual on Easter in old Jerusalem, scene of the crucifixion and resurrection. Numerous Services Across the United States, hundreds of thousands of worshipers will attend outdoor or indoor sunrise services .A number of the outdoor services, mostly Protestant i or non-denominationa, will be on | hill or mountain tops. In a traditional gay note, women will don their new finery. The weather man promised 'ideal" conditions for New York's annual "Easter Parade" on Fifth Avenue. NBC-TV will televise on its network scenes from Park Avenue at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel from 12 MALDEN, Mj> (ffj- A training mornin jf plane from Maiden Air Force Base, items wgre taken from the car crashed yesterday a mile and one- half south of the base,' killing a cadet and a civilian instructor. The instructor was identified as Perley S. DeFazio, 27. who was transferred here April 1 from Gunter Field, Ala.- His Wife and two noon to 1 p.m. fEST), but none of the networks planned any telecasts of the Fifth Avenue procession. They were mindful of criticism they received two years ago that _, . t , , ., . i the Fifth Avenue TV pickup was The doors are Stuck and it was not turned into a commercial spectacle by publicity-minded people pushing into camera range to advertise various wares. What is claimed to be the biggest Easter egg in the world, 12 \' 2 feet long and nine feet wide, is on display at Red Cloud, Neb., The first car reported stolen and burned in this area was a 1950 Cadillac containing a reported $5,000 in sampe jewelry. It was stolen in Memphis, Tenn., on March 1 and burned on a road near the Calumet community after being stripped of children live at nearby Dexter, Mo. j all accessories. The Cadillac belong- The name of the cadet was withheld pending notification of next of kin. The plane caught fire after it crashed in an open field, but the flames were quickly extinguished. Hughes Homed To Committee Paul Hughes, manager of Farmers Soybean Corporation of Blytheville, has been named to a special committee of the Midsouth Soybean and Grain Shippers Association. The ' committee, made up of a number of men in the soybean industry in the Mid-South region, is to study complaints arising from the exporters' scale of discounts on soybeans, the delay between arrival^ of cars at the ports, and sampling" and the weight* the ports. and frades at ed to a jewelry salesman from Jackson. Miss. The second car was stolen in Blytheville March 16 and burnt in Dunklin County, Mo., just over the state line north of Calumet after being stripped of wheels and other items. Atomic Workers Return OAK RIDGE. Tenn. (/P)—About 9,000 production workers at three atomic plants here and one at Paducah, Ky., have agreed to continue work while a special presidential panel considers their demands for a "substantial" wage boost. Cloud, for an annual Easter egg hunt that attracts some 3,000 children. Minden, Neb. r known as the "Christmas City" because of its brilliant lighting at Yuletide, is branching out this year with an Easter lighting display expected to rival the Christmas show. Military Services In Washington, three military sunrise services are scheduled — by the Army, in gardens at the Walter Reed Medical Center: by the Navy, on grouncu, or the Naval Medical Center; and by the Air Force, at Boiling Field. Nearby, the Grand Encampment. Knights Templar, will sponsor sunrise services at the Arlington National C? met cry Amphi- See EASTER on Pa?e 10 Bells Toll Stert of Easter Vigil VATICAN CITY (P) — The giant bronze bells of St. Peter's Basilica j rang joyously today, announcing i the end of Lent and the beginning of the Easter vigil. Throughout Rome, bells were rung- as celebration of mass services reached the "Gloria." Here, as throughout the Christian w o r 1 d, preparations were being made for the celebration tomorrow of Christ's Resurrection. At St. Peter's Basilica Pope Pius. 78-year-old convalescing- head of the Roman Catholic Church will appear tomorrow to give his blessing "Urbi et Orbi"—to the city and the world. Today there was fair prospect sunny weather tomorrow will gladden the biggest throng of pilgrims and '.ourists that have ever come to Rome for Easter. Thousands from many countries —especially Germany. France, England, Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands and from South and North America—were in St. Peter's today when its "campanone," or master bell, struck its first note to announce the Easter vigil. For the first time since he was elected to his office, the pontiff's address was to be broadcast from his private apartment by the Vatican Radio. Immediately upon conclusion of the broadcast, which begins at 5 a. m. CST, the Pope will appear. force strongpoints on the eastern and western rims of the besieged fortress. Communications Hampered The French acknowledged, however, the enemy's foothold near the heart of the fortress seriously west communications. A mass assault, with thousands of Vietminh lunging out of the surrounding hills, still was expected as a bid for a major Vietminh victory before the East-West Geneva Conference opens April 26. Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, the veteran Communist who commands the rebel armed forces was reported to have 45.000 fresh regulars and new recruits to throw into the sheets of gunfire the French can lay down from their trenches, bunkers and gun emplacements. (French cen.sor.ship has not permitted correspondents to report the size of the defense force at Dien Bien Phu. However, the Associated Press has received information from a reliable source giving the number of defenders as 14,000). French Claim Reds Slaughter TOO on Train McCarthy (R-Wis) against top Army officials today was re ported in store for his Sen ate investigations subcommit tee when it goes into closed door session Monday. McCarthy was vacationing in Texas. But he was expected back in Washington over the weekend to attend subcommittee talks which may determine whether the group can, as it now plans, launch on Thursday a public, televised search for the truth among the charge? and counter-charges involved. Word from his 'associates was that McCarthy "will be prepared to submit Monday a written statement of specifications" denying denouncing- accusations the Arm> has levelled at him and a group of aides, and spelling out counter- char RCS McCarthy is r a i s i ng against top Army officials. Hurdles Still Remain That could clear away a major stumbling block to a Thursday start of the inquiry. Other hurdles still remain, among them a decision by the subcommittee on just what role it will let McCarthy play in the hearing. The Army submitted its "bill of particulars" three days ago. It accused the senator and two aides of trying to exert improper pressure to obtain favored treatment for Pvl. G. David Schine. a former non-salaried subcommittee consultant. McCarthy has stepped tempor- orily from the^subcommittee chairmanship while the group investigates him and the staff aides under the Army's fire. Sen. Mundt (R-SD), who will preside at the inquiry, says he hopes McCarthy will agree Monday t6 step farther to the side by waiving the right to question witnesses. Mundt said yesterday the Army was not "as specific as we could have liked; 1 in its bill of particulars. Reply Expected , He said he expects from the Mc- The French Press) earthy camp Monday a point-by- PARIS UP! Agency said today Communist-led | point reply to the accusations, plus Vietminh jungle fighters had j one or more statements detailing stopped a Cambodian train with' the countercharges of "blackmail" mines and slaughtered more than which McCarthy and his aides had The vice president said he does not believe such action will be necessary because he thinks Indochina can be saved from the Communists by other menus. But in the unlikely event that French forces withdraw, he said, this country would have to send in troops. Nixon expressed his views in an off - the - record address to the American Society of Newspaper Editors. He Inter permitted newsmen to report, his remarks on condition they not be attributed directly to him. News stories reporting his remarks first identified him as a high administration official. But he was connected with the statements from several sources. The London Times included in its story a statement that the only high administration source making a speech here yesterday was Nixon. And the Niles (Mich.) Daily Star said Rep. Hoffman (R-Mich). expressing opposition to the statement, had identified Nixon as its source. Unavailable for Comment Nixon himself was not immediately available for comment on the "leaks." The disclosure that Nixon the administration source in question lent added weight to the expression of policy, since he sits in with the National Security Council nnd at Cabinet sessions Whether his frank discussion of the issue would have repercussions within the administration remained to be sen. Nixon has acted as spokesman for President Elsenhower on several recent occasions. In outlining his views, Nixon repeated Eisenhower's words that "We cannot afford any retreat in Asia." His statement, made yesterday to newsmen who were cautioned not to make public his name, in- culded a prediction the French government is "going to be putting on the pressure" to negotiate an Indochina truce with the Communists at the April 26 Geneva Conference. Would Cost Indochina It was his opinion, the official said in a clear indication of American opposition to such a move, that such a truce would deliver Indochina to the Communists. Although the official's declaration was regarded in some quarters as reflecting- a National Security Council decision, the purported policy was challenged immediately by Republicans as well 100 men and women passengers. aimed at Secretary of the The agency gave this account of j Stevens and John G. Adams the massacre reported to have tak-i general counsel. en place Monday on the Phnom j Mundt said he had told all the Penh to Battambang line 60 miles; disputants he wanted from each a from the capital of that Indochina! bi]I of particulars of what it is prekingdorn: The train was stopped by the explosion of several remote-controlled mines and many coaches were overturned. Five hundred Vietminh attackers rushed from the surrounding jungle brandishing knives, rifles, hand grenades, submachine guns and regular machine guns. Wounded persons in the coaches were sprayed with gasoline and burned to death. Passengers who tried to flee were caught and put to death with knives and hatchets. Old people and children were slain. pared to back up under oath and under "the searching scrutiny" of the subcommittee's staff. The bill, he said, will be documents "on which each side stakes its reputation for veracity." Mundt said yesterday the McCarthy camp Ziss entitled to cry foul" because somebody leaked to some reporters an account of the Army's official bill of particulars ahead of schedule. But he said an inquiry into the source of the leak should not hold up the start o fthe inquiry. Roy M. Cohn. a McCarthy aide See MCCARTHY on Page 10 Twining Warns of Expanding Soviet Air Force Cars Collide Her* Pinner Garrison and Peggy Spaeth were involved in a traffic mishap last night at Franklin and Dougan causing some damage to both cars, with no one reported injured, according to police report*. WASHINGTON (AP) — Gen. Nathan F. Twining, Air Force chief of staff, has advised Congress that Russia is expanding and improving an air force against which it is virtually impossible to build an airtight defense. But at the same time he declared that the U. S, Air Force has the power to deliver nuclear weapons on short notice to any place, at any time—an offensive force stronger than Russia's 'by a good margin." Twining took issue with what he called "recent statements on the air" that the Air Forces long- range striking arm, the Strategic Air Command <SAC>, is not strong enough to do its job. "The Strategic Air Command is the best trained and finest equipped long-range striking force in the world." Twining said. "It is capable of delivering on short notice the highest yield nuclear weapons on targets located any place in the world during day time or nighttime." Twining, Air Force Secretary Talbott and other, military leaders appeared before* the House Ap- propritions subcommitl.ee in mid- Februnry. Their testimony was marie public today. Talbott said the Air Force ha* rejected the concept of a fixed D-Day and i.s now planning on a "floating D-Day," a term which he said was developed by President Eisenhower personally. "He (Eisenhower) said we were not trying to fix a D-Day but were trying to be ready to go to war," Talbott said. "We feel that we should not pick a day like June 30, 1955, but we must be ready, get ourselves ready and stay ready." Twining said the latest intelligence on the Soviet air force is that it continues to grow in quality as well as quantity, and that its development is not haphazard, but skillfully planned. . • He Mid Rusiia has medium and heavy bombers "capable of delivering nuclear weapons against the United States." Coupled with this is a large force of light jet bombers and an airbase structure "which adds an additional atomic threat to our interests in the European and far eastern theaters." The air chief also said the so- victs have: 1. Completed replacement of piston-engined planes with jets. 2. Expanded early warning ground-controlled intercept radar coverage. 3^ Integrated satellite air forces into an efficient overall organization. as Democrats. Sen. Hickenlooper CR-Iowa), a Senate Foreign Relations Committee member, said in an interview ie doesn't believe any decision has been made to use American troops n Indochina under any circumstances. "If we have such a policy. I'd ike to know about it." Hicken- ooper said, "but I don't think we have." Sen. Long CD-La 1 ), a former Armed Services Committee mem- oer, said no U. S. troops should be sent to Indochina without a congressional resolution approving- it. And he said he would vote against any such resolution. President Eisenhower told his news conference Feb. 10 that no one could be more bitterly opposed to getting the United States involved in a hot war in Indochina than he was. Consequently, he said every move he authorized was calculated, as far as humans could do it, to make certain that does not happen. Controversy Overshadowed The storm over the Indochina statement overshadowed a contro- very over President Eisenhower's pledge yesterday that the United States will maintain a "fair share" of troops in Europe for joint defense of the continent "while a threat to that area exists.'' The President's declaration, issued from his vacation headquarters at Augusta, Ga., was addressed to the prime ministers of the six nations involved in the projected European Defense Community. U. S. officials indicated it was aimed at encouraging the reluctant French to join the organization. Chairman Saltonstall (R-Mass) of the Senate Armed Services Committee said he was asking Secretary of Defense Wilson to describe the "official nature of the commitment." Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont), a For- ign Relations Committee member, predicted there will be discussion in the Senate of what he said was the administration's failure to tell members of the Armed Services and Foreign Relations ommittees about the announcement. Administration sources said Republican and Democratic lead; had been discussed with both Scientist's Loyalty Is Defended 4 High-Level Official Upholds Oppenheimer WASHINGTON (AP) — A high-level member of the Eisenhower administration says he feels that Atomic Scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer is "a loyal American," even though "the information in his file is voluminous and makes a , . . case of security risk." This official gave his opinion to newsmen, but stipulated that his name not be disclosed. He has had contact with the Oppenheimer case since 1948 when the pioneer physicist—credited with a leading role in development of the atomic bomb- was questioned by a congressional committee. Oppenheimer has been barred on President Eisenhower's orders from further access to TJ. S. atomic secrets pending a review of his case. A special three-man Atomic Energy Commission panel has been sitting in the case. A "blank wall" WHS ordered placed between Oppenheimer and government atomic data last December after the AEC said it had received information that he was a security risk. The scientist denied this and asked for a hearing. Up to the Panel The administration official said it is up to the panel headed by former Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray, to decide whether Oppenheimer is a security risk. The ifficial said he is "sure Dr. Oppenheimer will get a fair hearing." He said the physicist's file presents "an extremely difficult problem." The overshadowing issue in the Oppenheimer case, said this official, is whether the government should hold that past associations, even if (foresworn, should forever after rule out government employment. "I do not believe it should," h» said, and added: "I believe each case should be considered on its merits, particularly when dealing with an ideology which during the 1930's had such an appeal among the intelli- gensia and various other groups. "If the man is not a security risk, f he is not subject to blackmail, ie should have a right to work for the government. ''Dr. Oppenheimer, at least on the evidence I have seen in my opinion is a loyal American. On the other hand the information in his file is voluminous and makes a 'prima facie' case of security risk." t ers. Fined $100 for DWI Guy Scott was fined $100 and costs and sentenced to 24 hours in jail in Municipal Court this morning on a charge of driving while intoxicated while James H. Erwin forfeited S10 bond on a charge of speeding. Philippines Back US Plan MANILA OP) — Vice President Carlos P. Garcia said today the Philippines would support a U. S.- sponsored Pacific Alliance if the Western Powers promise to grant independence to Asian territories under their rule. Weather ARKANSAS— Generally lair, warmer this afternoon and tonight and in the south portion Sunday. MISSOURI—Fair and mild this afternoon; generally fair tonight; warmer extreme south; partly- cloudy Sunday; cooler north and central and turning cooler extreme south. Maximum yeaterday—71. Minimum this morning—44. Sunset today—8:34. Sunrise tomorrow—5:23, Mean temperature (midway b«tw*M high and low—57.5. Precipitation laai 14 hour* to ?:0t a.m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date— H.M. This Date, Last Year Maximum yesterday—6$. Mlnlmiim yesterday—37, Precipitation January l |»

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