The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 12, 1949 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, March 12, 1949
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIV—NO. 296 BlythevUl* Daily New* Blythevllle Courier Blythevlll* Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 1949 TEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS nd of 'Executive' 'owers for 9 U. S. Agencies is Urged By SttVllut F. Green WASHINGTON, March 12. (AP)—The Hoover Com ion today proposed stripping executive powers from nine which regulate, suehthmgs as shipping, rath ~~~ liower and labor relations. * It said these agencies perform Inch functions "badly" and thus jiampcr the regulation of vital hill ustrles. The 12-membcr commission on lovernment reform, filing Us 12th fcport with Congress, proposed as means of cutting rcderal regulatory costs and reducing "delay |uul inelliency," that: The Maritime Commission yield > the commerce Department Its hower to build, buy, sell, charter knd subsidize ships. The Federal Power Commission he shorn or power-development Manning, and that the Interior Department get the assignment. The Interstate Commerce Com- luisslon hand to Ihe Commerce De- fcutmcnt its railroad and highway Safety programs and the control of railroad cars. I Efficlency-ljoosting measures al- ko were urged for the Federal Trade Commission, Civil Aeronautics ard, Federal Reserve Board and ational Labor Relations Board. Need Is Explained These steps are needed, the com- nissioh reported, to remedy such hings as the occasional nppolnt- nent of mediocre men, "poor tn- ernal organization," lack of cen- .ralized responsibility, "unnecessary red tape." and "loose and casua nd sometimes nonexistent" coordi- lation with the rest of the government. The commission headed by forme [president Herbert Hoover suggest :d that the head of each agenc ihould have greater power over hi staff; that the agencies should b [bipartisan (most already are]; an that members should be remove [only for cause. It also urged a "substantial" pay boost for all commissioners, noting that members of the FTC haven't had a raise since 1916. Higher sala- Iries are needed, the report said, ;> "attract persons of high profes- ional competence." Ten thousand dollars a year is the standard pay for members of the regulatory commissions. The Maritime Commlssicm pays Its chairman 512,000. All ICC commissioners receive $12,000. The Federal Reserve board which does not rely on lax money, pays its members 315,000 each. Truman Is Silent On Eiiect of Dixie Filibuster Victory No Comment Offeree On Plans to Fight for Civil Rights Program WASHINGTON, March 12. (I —Senate Majority Leader Luc (D-Ill) decided today to pus ahead—for the time being—with the attempt to outlaw filibuster by tightening Senate ruin. McMoth Meets With New Highway Commission $600,000 Project For New Bridge at Big Lake Submitted A $000,000 expenditure has been proposed for this year hy I he Stale Highway Department for improving State Highway 18 between the leveus at liig Lake, it was disclosed here luiiuy in Associated Press news dispatches from Little Rock. + The proposal Is to be studied bT Governor McMath (extreme right) met In LHtle Rock with his new highway commission for llieir first session. Tlie group had Just been sworn in when this picture was taken. Left to right front row: Chlel Justice Griffin Smith of the Arkansas Supreme Court, who administered the oaths; J. 13. Lambert, Helena, commission chairman; A. D. Mason, Camrien; H. S. Darnell Jr., Altheimcr; J. H. Craln, Wilson vice cluilr- man; Wllllnm L. Humphries, Lllllfl Rock; Roy Marlln. Fort Smith, mill MeMalh. Hack row: Olen Fullerlon, Monition; Orval Fmuins, Huntsvllle; Trmnun linker, Searcy; Fred Carter, Lake City; L. C. Honoycutl, Nashville and Cluirles Adams, Hiighns. (Associated Press Photo.) Monday Set Us Start of \Coal Holiday WASHINGTON, March 12. <iYi— I A two-week coal shutdown wil I start in the east Monday as John ] L. Lewis' latest protest agains President Truman's selection of KEY WEST, March 12. </P) — ^resident Truman refused com- nent today on any possible plans fight tor his civil rights proposals •he aftermath of a major Senate upset. His press secretary. Charles O. Ross, told a news conference the President had nothing to say about the Senate's defeat of Majority Leader Lucas' motion to halt p Southern filibuster. The 46 to 41 rejection was a stunning blow to the President's associates here. Tlie priv.-.tely expressed fear anti-lynching, anti-poll tax and other legislation fell with the vote. In Washington, Senate leaders lulled a tough decision today alter' r the major setback In their ef- orts to crack the Southern filibus- cr against, a proposed debate-gag rules cn^nge. The big question: Should mey continue the fight? Last nteht's defeat knocked ou of the adminislratlon's hands it nain weapon against the Dixi talkathon. By a 4« to «1 vote ,th Senate overruled . Vice Preside^ Barkley's decision that two third of Ihe members could gag debate o motion if they wanted. Talk Against Motion The rules change — which both Southerners and Senate leaders described as an opening wedge for civil rights bill—would make offl- _,al the very ruling the Senate voted against last night. It is against the motion to bring up such a rules change that the Southerners have been talking. Democratic Leader Lucas (D-Ill) hinted broadly that administration iorce.s were ready to call quits, in order to get at a list of top-priority measures which have piled up in the past 1? days. But other high Democrats said Son of Senator McClellan Dies Arkansas Lawmaker Hears of Death after First Son Re-Buried B-36Ends9,600-MtfeNon^Stop Missouri Man Flight with 2 Hours of Gas J-e/t L. r ies in Victim and Daughter Brought to Hospital I James Boyd as Bureau ol Mines I director. Lewis' announcement yesterday I stirred swift demands in Congress 1 to keep a big club against major strikes in the impending labor law. I But it caused little concern over the 1 loss of fuel. An abnormal 45-day supply is on hand; about 70.000.000 tons of bituminous coal. A 30-day backlog is considered normal. f . Technically. Lewis described the . xalkout or about 400.000 members or the United Mine Workers east of the Mississippi River as a "memorial" shutdown, or movirning period permitted under his contract with coal operators. Miners west of the Mississippi, in areas .where the winter lias been i unusually severe, were not called ] out. Those who leave the pits Monday, the mine chief said, will be mourning the 1.015 miners killed and more than 50.000 injured last ycnr. Tlic move was another in a long scrips of Lewis attacks against the nomination of Boyd, appointed to the posl in March. 1947. Except for live months, he has been serving without the usual SlO.OOO-a-year salary. privately they understood President Truman favored a fight to the finish. Lucas called a strategy meeting today to talk it over, so did the Southerners. And the Democratic leaner summoned the senate for another special Saturday session— wiln the filibuster officially still runninff full blast. Yesterday's meeting lasted 10 hour nnd 41 minutes before Ihe vote 01 Baiklcy's ruling broke it up. FAYETTEVILLE, Ark.. March 12 -l/l>,_john L. McClellan. Jr., 23- aar-old son of Senator McClellnn D-Ark) died at the Veterans Ad- linistration Hospital here short- belor 9 a. in. today Young McClellnn, a second-year aw student at the University Arkansas, was injured in an auto mobile accident near Rogers. Ark Wednesday night. Dr. Frank Gordon, administrate at the hospital, said the boy "too sudden turn for the worse las night." He suffered a fracture leg and Internal Injuries. Senator McClellan was en roul to Faycttevllle this morning aftc attending rcburial service for other son, Pvt. Max E. McClella who died in North Africa in 194 Senator McClellan was expectc to arrive here before noon. When John Jr., died, the senator was reported flying from Sheridan, Ark., where his other ..son was burled. The senator had planned to visit his son here yesterday but canceled the trip when informed he was not receiving visitors. John Jr. was an ensign in the United States Navy during World War Two, having served on the battleships U.5.S. Missouri and Wisconsin and the cruiser U.S.S. Oklahoma City. He entered serv- cc July 2, 1043. was commissioned March "s. 1915, and was discharged July 7. 1946. A sister. Mnry Alice McClellan. a sophmore at the university. In addition to his father and •iister. He is survived by his stepmother, a brother and a hall- sister. Officers Elected By State Society At D. A.R. Session Delegates Critical Of Movies, Radio and History Textbooks • Mrs. L. M. Hawkins or Little Rock wns elected uiid Installed toduy <ui treasurer at Iho closing session of Iho annual Arkan-sna meeting of tlie Daughters ot the American Revolution held In tho First Pros- New Treasurer Here in Blytheville WORTH, TEX... March ,2. OT -A B-36 super-bomber landed pUa, hen, ,««t t Carswell Air Base here at 1:57 a. m. (CST) today after a 0,000-mllc ' ion-stop flight, the longest ever uindc in n Ii-30. The plane was not rc- uelcd in flight and had two hours of fuel left when It landed, Curswoll \ir Base said. + The plane landed with fuel lo spare because of failure today of 'e of th* six engines. Maj. John D. Bartlett, project officer for B-36 training for the 1th Bombardment Wing of the 8th Air Force, directed the llight, which exceeded by 687 miles the similar nonstop simulated bomb run from Fort Worth to Honolulu and re- Weather Candidates' Interest in City Offices, Seems to-FollowJ Extension of Rent Controls for 15 Mortbs Towboat Truman Loses Race to Beat Record Set By the 'Robert E. Lee' ST. LOUIS. March 12—i/!'i-". . .And still champion, the Robert E. Lee!—speed king of the Mississippi Hiver." Capt. Willis (Cannonbain Smith of the ton-boat Harry S. Truman reported failure today in his effort to beat the New Orleans-lost. Louis record set by the famous packet In its rnce with the Natchc? 7J1 years ago. The Truman, ncaring St. Louis, • sent word it couldn't make Eads bridge, the finish line. Before about 12:15 p.m. (CSTI. To beat the record it would have had to make it before 11:14 a.m. Arkansas forecast: I n c r e a s i n cloudiness and warmer this alter noon and tonight. Scattered showers Sunday and In w-est portion tonight. Colder northeast portion Sunday. Missouri forecast: Cloudy tonight with occasional light showers south portion and light snow or rain north portion. Sunday, lisht rain ihanglng to snow northwest por- ion. Low tonight. ',u 3Cs: high Sunday, 50 southeast. Minimum this morning—31. Maximum yesterday—48. Sunset today—5:05. Sunrise today—6:14. Precipitation 24 hours lo 7 a.m today—none. Total since'Jan. 1—14.63. Mean temperature i midway between high and low)— 39.5. Normal mean for March—51.2. This Date Last Year Minimum this morning—16. Maximum yesterday—35. Precipitation Jan. 1 lo this dale —13.60. WASHINGTON. March 12. f/I'» — Exultant house lenders today predicted sure pa=sace of a 15-month reii| control extension, after once snptchinn it from the very brink of defeat. By a slender 15-vote margin, t'.ie administration chiefs late yesterday beat back a Republican attempt t' limit controls [o only 00 days. Thci 118 to 163 triumph came on a sec " ' ond tally alter the first count giw the GOP members, joined by 30 Democrats, a 155 to 101 cdse. Housing Democratic Leader Mc- Co:mack of M -isachiifctts said: "The major fight is won." But the victory still hasn't been nailed down. A final House vote on continuing rent controls for 15 months w : r.s delayed until Tuesday And a rent bill .still must be taken up by the Senate, which has been thrown into a legislative log jam by filibustering Southerners. Tlie card for this year's municipal ballot battle shapes up something like the ticket for the same election a decade ago. In almost cyclic fashion, this year's election will be only the second in the past twenty years In which there are two candidate! for every political office on the ticket except one. The last lime was in 1030. And* he pattern was almost repeated n 1020. Tn 1939 and In this year, the one xccption was the Job of treasurer, ;hich no one sought 10 years ago :nd which apparently does not hold pecral interest this year. In '29. ,wo candidates ran for treasures but there was no race for First Ward alderman. A perusal of Courier News files of the past 20 years shows three ars in which there were no con- sts for any job on the slate. Mayor's Race Holds Interest It also shows that this will be the first mayoralty election since 1041 which there will be two candidates, Doyle Henderson is currently i^ to unseat Mayor E. R. Jack- ton, wlin traded his heat on thi C'ty Council for his present post in the 1941 election. From '29 through '41. there wen contests ill each biennial mayoralty race, tn 1933, five men sought the :;ioyor'i job. That- was the yea Cecil Shane defeated Mayor Net Reed. x The no-contest years were '4' '43 and '42. Tile most recent no-contest elcc ion, in 1947. was the one in whic otei-'ntercst hit a new low. Just 0 voters strap,qlcrt to the polls to nark .heir ballots. This was less hBii l!i. ee per cent of the qualified lectors in Blylhcvillc that year. Another Icok at the files shows hat in only six of Ihe past 20 New York Cotton High Low Closing Mch 3232 3228 3231 May 3212 3204 3298 July 3098 3WO 3005 Oct .. 2816 2810 2811 Dec 2793 2791 2791 Mch 2181 2179 2779N Middling nominal.) spot 33.41N. olf 8. tN- Alvcry Thomas Ephlln. 41. ot ccrlng. Mo., died ut Walls Hosy in mi automobile accident at t,he Inlorscctlon of U. S. lUnhv.'ny 01 and Missouri HIiile llnule U five miles west of Caruthersvllle. Ills daughter. Penny El'li'l'i. 11. wns reported by hospital alU'iul- anUs as resting well this morning she received a severe Injury to her loft leg In tho accident. According to Deputy Sheriff Milton King of CarulhersvlllD, the car In which Mr. Ephlln and his dauiihtcr were riding, a 1021) moilcl Ford, was struck by n 1048 model Chevrolet driven by Leonard Frcy of St. I/nils, us- It entered tlie Intersection. Mr. Frcy was also Injured In ic accident but was not hospltnl- cd. He i was treated at Cook's llnle In Ce.ruther.wllle and nllow- I to continue on to St. Louis last night. Doth cars were damaged heavily. Deputy KhiK quoted Mr. Frey as saying that the Kphlln car "loomed out of nnwhcre" as he entered the Intersection. Mr. Prey's car wns traveling north on U. 8. ty treasurer. Jack Flnley Robinson I HlRhway 01 nnd the Ephlln car - I west on Route O. aisnlnsl turn which he headed last December 6-7, ending on Pear) Harbor Day. The big bomber, with Capt. Hoy It. Showulter of Mobile, Ala., a-s pilot and plane commander and Lt. Clarence F. Horton of San Antonio as copilot, carried a "stripped" crew of only 12 men Instead of the iLsual B-36 crew ol 15. Mrs. L. M. Hawkins members of the new Arkansas Highway Commission, or which J, H. Craln or Wilson U vice chairman, with action due to be taken at the next meeting on the priorities recommended, by department engineers for work to be launched during 1049. The engineers' proposal calls for paving 1.5 miles or highway between Iho levees nt Dig Lake and H wns understood that the project eon- :«m]>lntra the- erection of a ne# Dridge lo replace, the present narrow wooden bridge. Section. 1 ! of the present narrow pnveincnt wcro under water twlca this winter and It Is planned to make this main IhoroiiKhrare between Dlytheville and Jonesboro an all-weather route. Alno policdulrd for Action ihii year, It tile engineers' recommendations are adopted by tho highway ctimirtlssl I, will be tho pavlnjc of 4.5 mi:...- of gravel on the alternate Slate Highway 18 route ivrst from Manila to shorten the illslunte to Jonesboro over tbr present route through L#ach- lllft liy nbout six miles. Another project of Interest to highway users In South Mississippi County Is Ihe projected pavement of a 13.7-mlle section of State Highway 14 between Wilson and Lcpan- to. Widening of State Highway 18 west rrom Blylbcvllle, with the building of n new bridge at Bl3 Lake long has been sought by high- users In North Mississippi County and only recently Stnt« Highway 18 Association was organized through crforts of the Bly- thcvlllo Chamber of Commerce. Apparently the widening of th« highway has uot been Included by the state department engineers In their plans (or 19« but It Is known that surveys have been, made look- Ing forward to Improvements for this thoroughfare which carried « heavy volume of tratric. Route Chanifi Contemplated byterlan Church In BlythevllleT SIKf • --. , succeeded Mrs. Edward M. Brown. Ing to changes In the present rouw orriccrs elecled and install- Into Blylhevillfl from the west M eliminate two sharp turns and sub- .tltute B broad curve which will re- Other ed today Included: Mrs. J. B. Ea.sselt of Pine Bluff us recording secretary, succeeding Mrs. Alexander Weir of Little Rock. Mrs, Walter Wynne, also ot Llt- llo Rock, ns registrar succeeding clcclions have more than 1,000 votes 1-rcn r-st. Heaviest vote was in ;<>35- 1.313 ballots cast. Kighl for City Clerk in 1935 There was a reason, however, night candidates were crowding the litket for n chance to move Into tlie city clerk's office, vacated by Ihe death of Ross Beavers. Thera was one-year left to the job before another election. Miss Ruth B'ythe. wl'e of the present city (!erk, w. I. (Billi Malin. won healthy victory over her seven cnmpc'Itors nnd stayed in ofrtce until 1940 when she retired. In the 1939 election, no one, in- eld the office at the time nnd con- nued to serve for another two cars. So far this year, no one has filed 0 the Incumbent, Samuel Norrls, nor has he Indicated any lans. Tlie ticket closes Mar. 21. 'he I rea.mrcr's Job pays $10 a louth and Involves chiefly the Igning of city checks. New Ward Is Created Mr. Henderson is not a newcomer n the Held of politics. He is a for-, •u'r municipal Judge and on Dec. '] last year completed his second crm as Mississippi County assessor. !c did not seek re-election to that office. In the aldermantc races the fol- .owing •.-andldaLes have announced: first Ward—Raleigh Sylvester, tor re-election, and Jirnmie Sanders. Ward—Walter C. Cates and J. W. Adams. John C. Mcllancy. Incumbent, has announced that hc. wotild uot seek re-election. Third Ward—Jennings IJalley an< Louis O. Nnsh. Incumbent. Fourth Ward—J. Wilson Ilenrj :>nd Ivsllc Moore. This is a new v. ard inrt it w-ill be tho first election for tills area annexed to the city last year. Two aldrrmcn wil to elected and one will serve to ore ycai and '.he other fur tw \ears •'." Hint In the future onl one aM'rmpn will be elected un- rually Aldermen In the first three yards, lernis do not expire this year are: Kir-sl, Harry Taylor: Second J. L. Nabcrs: Third. Rupert Crnf'on. With (he city's population now In txci'As of 15,030, and the largest number ot candidates in ten year.i, it is expected that a new record may be .'ct In votes cast. west on Route U. No charges were filed Mr. Frcy, Deputy King .stated. Missouri ' State. Patrolmen J. M. Hlckmnn and Herbert Wlcklmtn Investigated the accident. OsceoSa Requires Chest X-Rays for A!! suit In extending of the pavement svest on Main from 21st Street M connect witli the present pavemem south and west of the city limits. O.iccolas City Council approved an ordinance requiring nil food- lamllcrs to have annual chest x- -ay.s a t their meeting this week, nnii Hays Gulllvnn. president of the Mississippi County Tuberculosis As- •uiclnllaii, fnld today that tlie State Health Department would have an x-r;iy unit In Osrcoln. Mar. 20. mnk- ino the free x-rays available lo the fondhamllers. A .similar ordinance was introduced to the niythcvlllc Council last wc-.k, but. no action wns tnknn concerning I! However. Mr. Sulllvnn si-Id Mint so many had boon Uirnn awny from the unit during the recent mnr.i survcv iiorr. that Hie null would hi- located In Blythrville til" last two cli-vs of March and th first two days of April. Heads Police Commission LITTLE ROCK, March 12. Doyne Ilmvnlcutt of Searcy has been named chairman or tlie Arkansas Stale Police Commission uy Yor'- eluding the incumbent, filed for Governor McMath. New IClosini; Quotations* Am. T and T I 1 '? ] Am. Tobacco 66 1-4 AnucnmTa 31 T-'t neth Steel 31 1-8 Chrysler 5' 3 - 8 .Srar.s. fl-vebuck 3fi 3-> On. K!ec 33 1-2 Gen Motors S1 T' 8 Hit Harvester 241-4 Mont. Ward 56 1-2 N. Y. Central 11 i-8 National Distillers 18 J. C. Penney ^ R !i: llo 1" 3-8 Republic Sll 21 7-8 Sorony-V;>: Hum !*• 1'^ Std. Oil N J 60 1-4 Mrs. Joe W. Cooper or Little Rock. Mrs. Junes Hill, Jr., of Blythe- vllle as chaplain, succeeding Mrs. Minnie ftcevc.s Shcppard. The officers nrc elected for two- year terms and other state officers will continue lo serve until tho next annual meeting, Gangster Movies I'rottstrd Tlie Arkansas societies through heir delegates to the convention re adopted, a resolution opposing he showing ot gangster type mo- Ion pictures, also others of an 'objecttonnble and salacious character which give raise Impressions of life to American youth." The resolution dealing with motion pictures wns 'amcm.jd to Include protest ngnlnst the sale of objectionable comic books. Tlie delegates also adopted n resolution criticizing radio programs which were termed "harmful to children nnd annoying to adults" and pledged themselves lo prolest lo the Hponsors and express their unwillingness lo patronl7/e "those mnnuracturers orrerlng this mental pr.Mum to the children ot America." In a third resolullon, which also wn.s adopted, Ihe Arkansas S~^lctv of the D.A.R. authorized Mrs. HnW- kins as the new state regent to ap- ixilnt a committee to make a sur- vev and n-port findings lo Ihe 1950 coiivcnllon ronrornlUB subject matter In history texts used by childrei in tlie tax-supported schools Ark:» |v .s-i.s. HKtnrj Trxls QlU'Slimiod III the preamble to the resolution it wn.s Mr-ted that the subject mat tcr In some texts "has been and i being questioned as to some or t!i material contained herein, especial ly with lognrd to statements re flrrtinc: on the patriotism and mo tlvc.s ncluntlni! our leaders In the! strutmlc* for independence." Carryover officers for the Arkan sas Society Include: Mrs. Louis Pr.ulcr as vice resent; Mrs. P. G Hin-ton ;•.« corrospnndhlK secretary: Mrs. Edward M. Brown as trcas- Src I). A. K. on P.afrc 10 D. A R. Faces Real Challenge in. Preserving American Way o/ Life King George's Condition Goorf After Operation LONDON. March 12—MV- King George VI wns operated upon at '• 'cklnghnm palace today tn ai o'tcmot to aid the blood circulat Ion in his ailing right leg. Nine doclors who attended the 51-year-old monarch sMd his condition "is cntlrley satisfactory" aM there Is no question ol further surgery. Jonesboro Educator Addresses State Convention Here Warning That Freedom Endangered by Communist Supporters Living Under Protection of U.S. Flag was fought, the Articles of Confed- Asserting lhat it is the main objective of the Daughters of the American Revolution to keep alive a full appreciation ot the heritage or Americanism, Dr. J. W. Edens president of Arkansas State College. Jonesboro last night told delegates to the slate convention here that they are racing a real challenge. Dr. Edons spoke at the banquet session conducted In Hotel Noble. Mrs. Frank Oerig, Arkadejphla, state regent presided. Members of the D.A.R. are facing a challenge, which also Is a challenge tor all Americans who ap- native and naturalized citizens In tins country who would pull down the Stars and Stripes, Dr. Edcns said Full lo Cirasp Meaning "It is difficult to understand their reasoning." lie continued. "Somewhere along the line in their experiences they have failed to grasp that which means most to man- freedom. "Americanism is the American way or lire. This way of .life can be understood only .by rehearsing the beginning and development of this country. Such a review would include ,Tamc. r .town, PUnvmth, the 13 foi >' democratic way of life—a way which is 'of the people, by the people, and predate freedom,"for'there are both I colonies, 'why the Revolutionary War I or Irec-enlerpme way. It Is not the eratlon, the Constitution of tha, United States, and the complete economic and .social development of our nation. "The American Way or Life can be cletincd in one word—freedom Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, rrcedom of enterprise, assembly, life, and property. These freedoms guarantee an open ladder to American citizens. The American way of life Is a ommunlsllc, or state-enterprise way of life, Christianity Versus Paganism "Important parts ot the world are fairly well divided Into two camps so far as ways of lite are concerned. How long H will remain In such status. I do not know. "The young U.S. soon found it untenable to remain part free and part -slave. Tlie present world likewise li rinding it untenable to remain partially capitalistic, democratic way of lire, and partially a — or In communistic, totalitarian way life. The former magniric.'! the dividual, the latter magnifies th. state. One Is founded on Christianity ;Ihc other on paganism, freedom Is the Ingredient and bulwark of a democracy. Fear, poverty and slavery are the Ingredients of a communistic state. "One of our serious national problems Is that our people know the difference between these two Ufe philosophies—know the real )meanlng ol Americanism. All educational forces in this country have a challenging opportunity to inculcate our free enterprise, democratic system in the minds and hearts of you 1 ": people and adults. "There is varied opinion con. cerning how well our schools are doing this job. Regardless ol optn- ons uow. we know that the products ot our schools must take their places 111 society, and that society not only demands cultural and vocational achievement, but the development of R patriotic citizenship. Naturally, education Is the medium for that attainment. "Education Is the basis of our democracy. It Is Ihe foundation of our way of life. When education Is doTn. the irmn to down. When the man Is down, Ihe flag l« down. And when the fUf Is down, freedom Is gone." The proposals for Mississippi County were announced following Ihe Initlnl mecllng of the new highway commission In Little Rock yesterday and presentation by engineers or an outline for a $25,000,000 state program for 1949. The commission, at Its first meeting ytfstcrday, awarded 11 contract! calling for an expenditure of $1,172,294. Tho projects covered In these con- acls were Included In the 98 hlch Chief Highway Engineer All ohnson proposed for the commls- on's early consideration. Johnson suggested that at lenst 15.000.000 ol Ihe 525,000.000 program e put In work this year. 600-Mile Program Mapptrt His proposals call for work o« 2205 miles of primary roads In the tale; 391.7 miles of secondary roada nd 15 bridge proposals. J. B. Lambert, Helena, chairman f the expanded 13-momber com- nlllee named earlier Ihls week bj lovcrnor MeMalh, said committee ncmbers would study the sugges- .lons before Ihe next meeting. The proposed program envisions lew alternate routes to Memphis, J. C. Baker, ro-clccled yesterday as ilghway director, said. Gups In paving of Highway 79 would he eliminated, making it usable as n thoroughfare from the point where It enters Arkansas from Lou- llsiana In Columbia County across tlie Arkansas River nl Pine B'ufl and thence to the intersection with Highway 70 near West Memphis. This would relieve much of tha present traffic on Highway 10, Baker said. Also suggested was paving of gaps in Highway 64 trom Fort Smith lo Memphis. Other specific proposals which department officials listed as "of prime Importance" in the overall picture Included: Reconstruction of II miles of O. S. Highway 57 south from Gurdon at an estimated cost of S70d.OOO: reconstruction of 12 miles of the same highway south from Hope at an estimated" cost of $720,000; widening of more than a mile along U. S. Highways 61 and B2 In the city o( Toxarkana at a cost of $286.000; widening of seven miles of bridges and highways between Alma and Van Buren at n cost of $450.000: construction of 20 miles of pavement on U. S. 64 between Conway and the White County Hue. costing $403,000: paving of 9.1 miles on U. S. 63 between Marked Tree and the Crlt- tcnden County line, costing $550,000; widening of approaches nnd repairs to the Arkansas River bridge on U. S 79 at Pine Bluff, costing $405,000; re-surfacing of Broadway In Llltle Rock at a cost of $206,000; and construction of an overpass south of Little Rock on U. 3. Highways 65, 167 and 270, at a cost of $570,000. Contu-acls Awarded The contracts awarded yesterday: Con^tnietlmi nf bridges over Big SM HIGHWAYS «• f*t* 1*

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