THOS. J. ADAMS, PROPRIETOR ? EDGE FI ELP, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1895._VOL. LX. NO. 43. Railway traveling m Norway ia cheaper than in any European connt'y. . According to English census report*, the number ot occupations of women in 1831 was five, while now it is more than 150. It is stated as an interesting sociological iact that in London out of 100 widowers who marry again twelvo marry their housekeepers. In several districts in Sicily the lands of the old communal fiefs are being distributed to peasant*, despite the opposition of the clerical councils. _'_ ; Buring the past year $500,000,000 worth of stock in the African gold mines has been sold in England and France, "Marketing beats mining badly," exclaims the New Orleans Picayune. ' Great Britain still refuses to co-operate with us in keeping tho Atlantic water lane olear of derelict?, on the the ground, explains the New York Sun, that the game is not worth thc candle ; that the risk is not co-extensive with the gain. _J The citizens of Sheffield, England, 7*?ve asked the Dake of Norfolk to bo their nnyor next year, an t it is understood that he ^ ill accept, thu? deTotisg his spare time and energy tc municipal duties, and giving him a ohanoe for usafnlness that the New York Observer thinks any duke might envy. _ ! Russia is stimulating emigration from the congested districts at home to Eastern Siberia, and selecting her material, too. Fine grants of land are given, cattle and seed are furnished, and religious toleration exists to ft degree unknown in European Russia, Hence the Stnndists are multiplying. A writer in the Popular Science Monthly who has been studying the habits of bluejays finds that they make war on and get the better cf the English sparro v. Thc sparrows, however, join othor small birds in common cause against thom, and it is not uncommon to eee a jay in screaming flight with a score or more of small birds pursuing him. The frog hunt is now prohibited by law in Belgium. Tho Belgian hunters, however, continue their amphibious occupation in near-by Holland, and from Sis-van-Gent have sent in one half-day as many as 20,003 frogs* legs on ice to Paris lately. These delicacies bring four to five cents apiece, and some of the hunters find the calling very remunerative. H M. Stanley's maiden speech in the British House of Commons is described as delivered with easy confidence and as evidently unprepared ; his smile was pleasant, the tinge ot Americanism in his accent threw his individuality into a sort of relief, while his quietly assured self-confidence interested the members. On tho other hand, his own party journals, while admitting that his manner was excel- ( lent, say the matter of his speech was I not judiciously chosen for the reason . that he managed to offend the imper- J ialists, who desire to reconquer tho , Soudan, and those who wish to evacc- ! ate Egypt because it is a source of weakness to the em ph e. Harper's "Weekly observes : A cou- j temporary newspaper is greatly j shocked by the remark of Dr. Bach, j of the Medico-Legal Society, that physicians sometimes admin ster j drugs to end the agony of a patient. ; It wonders what reply a trustworthy, ' honorable and law-abiding physician would make to Dr. Bach's statement. ? The chances are that a physician ol ! she sort specified would make no ruply at all. The statement being ti ue, it was injudicious enough to make it at apublio meeting, without continu- ? ing it afterwards. To oonQrm th J j truth of it by the testimony of physi- j cians might interest a newspaper, but there wquld be no attraction in it for the physicians. It is as reasonable to suppose that some physicians sometimes give drugs to end suffering as it is to believe that they do not tattle overmuch about it afterwards. Professor Bunnebaum, of Berlin, sent by the German Government to examine the timber resources of our Pacific coast, expresses amazement at the waste ha witnessed there. Hs : says the end of American forests is I near at hand unless they are protected by law against reckless catting and . conflagrations. While the leading countries of Europe are trying to make trees grow the Americans are sweeping away not only the mature j tree?, but the saplings, which are the , rightful heritage of future genera- ; tiona. "If nothing is done by your . Government," in his opinion, "yon 1 may live to see lumber shipped from ( Germany to Puget Sound." When , the professor was in Oregon and < ' Washington the whole coast was darkened with the smoke from fires detouring enormous tracts of timber ] unsurpassed in the world. His remark j that the life of the forests is the life < of the people is, in the opinion of the J New York Tribune, no flourish of A rhetoric. J] ELLIS ISLAND. UNCLE S AM'S .G ATK WAY FOB THE ADMISSION OF I3IMIGBANT3. Lively Scenes When the Living Freight of Several Ocean S paniers ls Landed-A Lightning Money Changer. *7T LTHOUGH ? great inprove/\ ment on the nightmare arrangements that used to exist for the reoep.ion of immigrants who landed at Castle (larden, Ellis Island, says the New York '.Recorder, is far from being a gateway that would prepossess arrivals from Europe in favor of their adopted country. The island is tied around froai dook to dook with miles of red tape. It is a fearfully tedious matter to l and in America and a 'most unnecessary amount of fuss and feathers seems to accompany the entranoe of a new arrival into the land of freedom. A visit to Ellis Island, when the living freight of two or three ocean steamers is being sifted through the various avenues leading to the boat that trasporta it to the Battery, presents so many phases that it is well worth braving the trip in an immigrant ferryboat from the Barga Office to see the sight. Around the big room in the centre of the principal building on Ellis Island where tho sifting THE DETEN process goes on runs a gallery, and from this s view of the whole interior can be obtained. The first stage through whi-sh the new arrivals pass is the scrutiny of the medical of?sers and the Ellis Island matrons. Having proven that they are free from physical defects the immigrants aro driven into fencedin passages leading to tho registration officials. Through these fenced avenu ss the anfortunato steerage passengers, wearing every variety of eocentric and un-American head-gear, and carrying as much portable baggage as they can stagger nuder, edge their way along foot by foot in the direction of the gate of hope through which alono they can get to liberty. The procession * slouches forward at the rate of about a foot in ten minutes, the delay being caused by the laborious attempts of the uniformed official to extract the necessary information regarding the incomer's birth : and .parciitage, etc Fortunately the official speaks an almost infinite variety of languages or the task he has in hand would bo a well nigh hopeless one. As it is, owing to the nervous condition of the immigrant, it usually takes an almost interminably long time to drag out an answer to the simplest question. Everything has t( - 3 repeated several times and explained in the minutest detail and then occasionally the questioner has to give it up and turn the jbtuse foreigner over to au assistant. But somehow or other the line moves on. Each man and woman IMMIGRANTS AT TH] aitches the family belongings along ns the space between them and the man in the brass buttons decreases, ii d the hope that springs eternal in inman breast buoys them up to believe that some time they will be able BO pass the official who so jealously guards the-entranco to the open space :>fyond. in their hands tho immigrants clutch the documents handed :o them on board ship, for all this questioning and registration at Ellis Island follows a preliminary cross-elimination before the steerage passengers are allowed to leave the ship. The immigrants are tioketed, too-a rery necessary precaution, for there ue several steamship line^ all landing passengers in a promiscuous mass, and without that tioket it would bo a Herculean task to separate ono lot from the other. So, ticketed and registered ind served with documents and crossexamined and pushed and jostled into alaoe in the line, the hopeful refugee from monarchy-ridden Europe travels ?lowly into the promised land. When the immigrant hos passed successfully through the ordeal of answering the sharp cuteoliism of the official at tho top of the lane, he is landed to the mercies of tho crowd on :he outside and thenceforth becomes ?ommou property at the mercy of lotel aud boardinghouse runners, railroad agents, well me wing but offi;ious missionaries, rest luraut lepers, ?nd if he lia lucky etough to have them, relatives ?n 1 frientb-. He is ?'luckless wight during this period of his transition tocitizenhood. First of al), ho must change his money. This can be clone at the island, where a firm of money brokers has purchased the solo right to money changing. The immigrants' savings are brought from all sorts of extraordinary hiding places, sometimes from the depths of stockings, from the* inside of waists, where nothing shorit of a knife or a pair of scissors can seoare its release, from shoes and belts, and even from the mouth. , To watch Money Changer Scully at work is one of the most interesting sights on the island. The rapidity with which he changes into current coin of the republio Russian roubles, Italian lire, German marks, Free ch francs, English sovereigns and Austrian florins is marvelous. Only one glance seems necessary, and the hand goes down into one of tho well-filled cash drawers. Two or three seconds later and the amount of exchange lies before the immigrant with a paper showing how much has been exchanged, and the bewildered foreigner is told to stand back to make room for the next applicant. He might as well take it for granted that the amount is correct (as, of course, it is) for, if he looked at it with that air of stunned stupidity for an hour, he would not know anything more about tho strange money than before. Occasionally one holder than the rest will make an attempt to challenge the accuracy of the amount given him, upon which an attache ol the money changer's office J'lON TEN. will take the coins from the immigrant's hand and explain the value of each as he drops it back again. It is wasted time, however, as the owner of the money is left in as bad condition of dense ignorance a*3 ever. Money will buy things on Ellis Island and the proprietors of the lunch counters, where bologna and bread appear to be the staple articles of foo:!, are at liberty now to chargo on the mob made" hungry By life "Tong wait in the lines. The scouts for these lunch counters are indefatigable workers and certainly earn their money. The wonder is, from thc way in which the immigrants are almost dragged to the bologna counters, that some one does nob get hurt in the scrimmage. If the greenhorn gets through the experience all right and survives the bologna, let him brace up to resist the onslaught of the railroad agents, who will bear him off bodily if he does not keep a sharp look out. In this neutral ground at Ellis Island the scene on a busy day is bewildering and distracting. The officials do their best to keep the mixed mass of humanity in something like order, but with so many nationalities, with excited men and women rushing around looking for their baggage and for each other, children crying and relatives and friends all chorusing a welcome together in various languages, it is no wonder th ifc the scene looks like a pocket edition of pandemonium. As fast ss possible the immigrants are hustled into the ferry boats and transported to the Battery, and gradS LUNCH COUNTER. nally the island is deserted by all save the tired officials and the detained immigrants. A sorry-looking crowd is this last. From the detention pen they watch the fortunate ones who .pass the barrier with envious eyes, looking eagerly at every stranger who approaches them to see if there is not some hope coming from ?some where. In all the driven an i badgered crowd that passes to 1 he boats there is none which is not light-hearted, for the red tape ordeal is over. The prisoners in the detention pen have nothing to buoy them up. After coming all this way to reach this land of promise, they* get only a glimpse and are sent back to the wilderness again. One of the queerest personages on the island is the barber. It is hardly correct to oall his place a shop, for it is merely u corner of the big room where tho barber has placed a chair and hung up a mirror and a towel or two. Judging from the condition of the majority of tue immigrants, the barber is au institution sadly needed at Ellis Island, but few seem to utilize his services, advertised at the prices of twenty cents for a hair cut and ten cents for a shave. The crematory at Ellis Island is another very necessary acces?ory. lt is not intended for the cremation of human bodies, bnt merely to give the clothing of suspicions arrivals a thorough chance to shake oil auy disagreeable associations with inlectious disease or obnoxious insects. Fairly good arrangements appear to have been made for the hou3ivg ol immigrants who are compelled to sta? on thc island over night, the old pow.V* THE BARBER'S CHAIR. der magazines having bsen converted into comfortable sleeping rooms. One of the worst sources of annoyance to the officials are the crowd of relations that flock to Ellis Island to meet incoming passengers. They are always in the most intense state of excitement and it is all that the gate keepers can do to prevent them breaking down the barriers in the mad rush to get inside of the enclosure. There being no police on the island it is nccc:;..rv for the officiant to take the law into their own hands and maintain order by force. It would be a decided improvement if some of the strongest and most reliable men on the island were sworn in to act as special polioemen. An old landmark of the island is gradually yielding to the infirmities of age. This is the historical tree on whioh the pirates, Hicks, Wormsley and Gibbs, were hanged when the place was known as Ellis Island. The tree was damaged during tue storms of last wintor, and has recently been broken off short by the wind. AU that is left of the tree now is about seven feet of bare trunk, and this the Eliis Island gardener is making every effort to preserve. Bicycling Without Less and One A.rm. There seems to be no limit to the bicycle fad, and the result has been no end of freaks and freaking. Now, however, the greatest of all freaks makes its appearance. It is a bicycle whose rider has no legs and only oua arm. The rider is Arthur Roadhouse, a boy resident of De Kalb, 111. He is thirteen years old, bright and as active as his physical imperfections, whioh came from birth, will allow. Like most cripples, his mind is preTHE LEGLESS BICYCLIST. cocions. The bicycling craze left him in body more hopeless and helpless thau ever. A neighboring bicycle manufacturer agreed to make a wheel which the boy could ride, an.l he did so. His one band guides the handle bar and b.irs o' steel lead up from the pedals to the short stumps which he has known as legs. Strange to say, he experienced very little trouble inbalancing the machine. Ho began riding about three weeks ago, and after three or four hours' instruction and practice he made a half mile on a track in less than three minutes. Ho can now do a mile in less than five minutes, and expects to reduce the time to four minutes. He has already made a half mile in 2m. 10H. He has learned to dismount, and can handle his wheel readily and without assistance. He has to be assisted, though, when he mounts, but he expects soon to be ablo to do this alone. De Kalb eeems to have more than her share of bicycle riding cripples. A year ago one of the young women of the town had a leg taken oil by tho cars. She now rides a bicycle very creditably, it is said. High Mountain Observatory. A considerable sum of money is annually expended in maintaining high mountain observatories. A meteorograph has recently been constructed for the summit of Mount Blanc, at a cost of $4000, the clockwork of which will remain in action without any attention for eight monthe. The highest of the observatories is at the top of the Misti, near Arequipa, Pera, whioh is 19,200 feet above sea level. The observatory on Mount Washington is 6286 feet above sea level, the one on Pike's Peak 14,134 and the one on Mount Blauc 15,780 feet.-New York Sun. A Berniniler. Mr.?. Missing Link-"Now, dear. Til just tie this knot to remind yon to bring hom? half a do^en of those fresh coconnuts.''-New York World. A great fcuerae in business is to keep a sharp lookout uu the outlook. -Puck. NEW FASHIONS. THEY ARK RAPID, FANTASTIC ANl> CHARMING. Skirts Are Immensely Wide-Sleeves as Voluminous as liver Styles in Cuffs and Collars. C~~y^ ALIENT alterations in shapes and outlines do not take place XJ^J in the middle of a season, and at present changes are chiefly seen in matters of detail. People of good taste who wish to be nicely dressed and exercise *. !it*J<. economy would do well to occupy ti < ir time in renovating their dresses of last ye?r j to make them smart enough for everyday wear at home, or out of doors in the morning. Evening toilets, says the Season, should also pass review, and may be freshened up in the most charming styles, now that fashions are so rapid and fantastic. Sleeves appear as voluminous as ever, and are still set out with horse r J LADIES' hair and other stiff stuff*, yet do not answer" the skirt or even the bodice of the dress, but are made of another s&ff aud color. The sleeve is sewn to &? uoderblouse of a perfectly different hue, or blouse shape draped in various ways, or a round or lichu collar is put on. The latter form will probably take a prominent place in the fashions for winter, either as a Cape with long scarf ends, widening the shoulders considerably or fitting close to the same; so that the puff ot' tho sleeve is slipped nearer to the elw -?v^?LMajt?^ A new style of bodice han appeared for the evening. This ?3 a slash?i blouse worn over another blouse of a light thin material and in a different color. Some of these elegant blouses are trimmed rouud the slashings with tiny buttons, beaded borderiug, or passemeterie, and the chiffon, lawn or lace of the underblonse puff* our. through the opening?. Dark woolen dresses are made up in the same way, only that the foundation bodice must be of light colored silk, and tho slashes trimmed with black or dark braid set on plain, as also in a small fancy design ; indeed, the idea is excelhnfc for remodeling corsages of all kinds to be worn with plain skir te. Eton jackets have mado way for thc half-wide-open jacket with small pockets, and close-fitting backs finished off with a very short ciroular basque, the top of tho shoulder being cut out in a long or rather epaulet point. A dainty model of this kind has the back and epaulets made entirely of one piece stretched across. Another plainer jacket is embroidered except tho sleeves with cord of a dark color sewn on in close rows on one side, and the hem of the skirt ornamented to answer with a border a la Grecque. The fashionable skirts which are cut so ^immensely wide are beginning to lose their plain appearance, the hom is stitched out two or three times with silk in a contrasting color, or a border answering 'the trimming on the bodice is worked in chain aud fancy stitches halfway up to the knee. The skirts of handsome walking costumes are also trimmed to match the broad pointed epaulets aud lower tight-fitting part of the sleeve. A pretty costume for young married ladies to be worn in the country is made of dark doth, and has the skirt and loose, double-breasted jacket ornamented with appliques of light oloth of the same color. MISSES' Young girls may adopt the same ! j Btyle by choosing a tight-fitting jacket j I with sailor collar instead of the sacq-ie coat. FASHIONS IV COFF.-? AND OOLtiARS. Among the many things ho small au ( yet so significant which help to niaki a plain toilet a very attractive one are the white coilar3 and cuff* which at present are in snch high favor. They aro worn all the year round Sometimes there is only the narrow edge of the cuff showing from under the sleeve, but the wide ones tamed back over the sleeve are worn the most. They are made of the plain white linen or the yellow, and some are edged with different colors, and others are in stripes or figured. Daintier ones are of linen and edged with embroidery and rows of insertion, and others are of the finest cambric aud the rao3t costly lace. With all of these they have collars to match, and all of them are turned over. We have not yet come to the plain little standup collar, which shows just the edge above the neck of the dress. No, they are wido and deep. The sailor collars are very popular a"d are mada in a dozen differer* - v_. ..re are square ones ir tne back and front, square ones in the back and pointed in the front, and those that reack clear to the belt, and some forming wide revers, and then some cut iu points ail around and cut square ia the back and front,.and with points SLEEVES. on the shoulders and extending over the sleeves. Some of them have ruffles around the ed.ge and some have lace and embroidery and insertion, and some are scalloped and buttonhole stitched. Then there are others which aro eutirely of laoo, varying from very pretty but quite cheap one3 to tho3e of Irish point and Duchesse lace, costing a fabulous amount and only to be looked at by the little wonan with au unlimited amount of pia money. H AT3 OP FELT OB VELVET. Flats of felt or velvet aro t? be almost exclusively worn this winter. Tho snape.* are large or oise quite small toques. Picture hats of blaok velvet aro profusely trimmed with ostrich feathers? Black cooks' plumes are very fashionable. They are pretty, too, with their shimmering gleams of dark greeu. besidss being suitable in all weathers. A charming bla^k velvet hat for ths autu nu is raised at one sido with a bandean of steel stu Ided with emerald caoochous, wuilo knots of black satin ribbon rest upon the hair. Tue curved brim edge! with a narrow lino of stesl show3 a lining of emerald green velvet. To the loft of the crown cluster upstanding loops of satin and a wealth of blaok ostrich fe libers. Green flowers composed of silk and velvet are the latest idea in L'aris. A part of one's costume which is by no means unimportant is the veil. There is a something about it whioh provides a very pleasing finishing touch to the toilet. The handsomest uew veils are of rather light net with a real lace design covering the entire surface. They are very pretty in the hand, very costly and very unbecoming, which will render them unpopu? lar, as their damaging effect upon the eyes is inconceivable. CHARMING WHITE LISLE THREAD GLOVES. The most charming white Lisle thread gloves ar? bei sold in all the best Paris shops. They are of suoh perfect make that they would mold the hand like suede. Nothing else is worn at the fashionable watering places. THE EMACS OP MAKING A BOW. Tho knack of making a bow is not possessed by all amateur milliners. Those who fail will find ' ? great help to help stiffen the bow .* .a a piece of '.VAIS J'. buckram, wire or crinoline, which siiowd off th? ribbon to advantage, ;nd makes it appear richer, besides .wing endless trouble in attempting io ra ?Ko the loops stand ereor. ?unaowci' Malua are now converted ? io paper. THE VEIL. &ESTIM3 L\ A BIU CIIIAIXEY. Thousands or Swallows Choose Queer Lodging House. Myriads of chimney swallows attract considerable attention every night in Kansas City when they are getting ready to retire for the night. They make their home in a tall, unused chimney, and the process of getting into the place is both interesting and impressive. At a quarter to 7 the swallows begin to gather. As the minutes pass birds come from all directions, until tho sky is black with'them. They skim about in an aimless way until about 7 o'clock ; then, with no apparent leadership, they form and' begin to circle about in tho air in large oval directly above the chimney ut the northeast corner of the Vineyard Building. Other birds, coming THE MAD WfTTRIi OF THE SWALIiOWS. up, join the circle, until thousands of them are in the mad whir). At 7.15, with no apparent signal, they begin to pour into the chimney like water from a pitcher. Down they tumble, thousands of them, until one wonders if there is an underground outlet to the chimney, which hardly seems large enough to hold them ?ll. Tn a few minutes they are out of sight. After all are in,, come a few stragglers who attempt to enter the chimney also. These are driven away by the birds inside. Then the stragglers fly up until they reach tho spot where the general whirl commenced, and they, too, fly around the circle several times and then dive into the chimney. There are always a number of curious people in front of the building watching the birds. Ono old colored man is there every evening. He says he has watched the birds for several years in this great act of chimney filling. They always choose a dead chimney somewhere about the city for their lodging house. Last year thc/ occupied a largo brick chimney on Main street. The Youth ?ul King ot Spain. Alfonso XIII., King of Spain, was born in Madrid, and proclaimed King on May 17, 1836, about six months after the death of his father, Alfonso XEL, who died at El Pardo, a royal domain in the viciuity of Madrid, on N . ember 25, 1885. *The young King, whose portrait ia here given, is well grown for bis age, and in good health. He is fond of outdoor sports, rides and rows well, is an expert bicyclist, and a good gymnast. While at Madrid, during the winter months, he takes long walks and drives around the hills of El Pardo and its picturesque avenues. The summer is passed with his mother at Miramar, which is ii ne', y situated in the beautiful bay of ?San Sebastiau, where he enjoys baining in the sea aud the invig' .*. .-' . fy. ' i." .? fr.. ..,.>.>? ;?.*(.. '?V. -Xv* ALFONSO Sm., KINO OF SPAIN. orating breezes. DuriDg a recent trip taken by the Royal family of Spaiu, in the cruiser lela de Luzon, od the coast, near Biarritz, tho boy King h\red off his first cannon with a sang froid and decision which will no doubt make him the idol of the army and navy, for both of which professions he manifests great enthusiasm. A Good Turk. It is said the Sultan of Turkey is impressed with the idea that to him have been confided by Allah the keys of Europe, and hts nervous temperament leads him to feel most acutely the responsibility of tho charge. No mau works harder than he. He rise? with the dawn, takes but a few hoar-' Rleep, sometime?, with pen in hand, writing the whole night. He studies every question, kuows all about everything, reads everything whioh cencerns his business, and ever since the M hairs of the Turkish Provinces have occupied the foreground he signs every document presented to him, from the appointment of a Governor to the nomination of the lowest office of the police.-New Orleans Picayune. A Celebrated Gipsy. One of the most picturesque figures in England is Lucy Lee, the now wealthy aud celebrated gypsy, who lives near Brighton. She has told the forluuesof all the members of the royal family ?ul most of the nobility. She is remarkably intelligent, dresses neatly and iives in a house during the winter season. She is s;xty-twoyears (dd and has eleven growu-up children. -New York World. Are you taking SIMMONS LIVER REGULATOR, the "KING OF LIVER MEDICINES?" That is what our readers want, and nothing but that It is the same old friend to whioh the old folks pinned their faith and were never disappointed. But another good recommendation for it is, that it is BETTER THAN PILLS, never gripes, never weakens, but works in such an easy and natural way, just like nature itself, that relief comes quick and sure, and one feels new all over. It never fails. Everybody needs take a liver remedy, and everyone should take only Simmons Liver Regulator. Be sure you get it. The Red Z is on the wrapper. J . H. Zeilin & Co., Philadelphia. . MOTHERS READ THIS. The Best Remedy. 'For Flatulent Colic. Diarrhoea,. Dysen-1 te ry, Nausea, Coughs, Cholera In-1 fantum, Teething Children, Cholera, Morbus, Unnatural Drains frcm( the Bowels, Fains, Griping, LOBB of. Appetite, Indigestion and all Dis-, oases of the Stomach and Bowels. ! PITTS CARMINATIVE e JB thc standard. It carries children over' the cr i i jeni period of teething, and< is recommended hy physicians as, the friend of Mothers, Adults and' Children. It is pleasant to the taste, < and never fails to give satisfaction.. A few doses will demonstrate its superlative vlrtncs. Price, 25 eta. peri ? bottle. For sole by druggists. uaw Zealand ?Sheep. Up to ten years ago the only means New Zealand sheep growers had of getting rid of their surplus stock was to boil the carcasses down and ship the tallow. Tallow dropped in price until it did nob pay to export it, and the consequence wa^ that the price of sheep fell until they anticipated having to sell the carcasses from twelve to eighteen -. vents each. -About five years ago the "system of freezing the carcasses for export was introduced, and the result'has been a decrease of stock until now they receive from $2.50 to $3 per head for the carcasses. At the average price they are getting in London markets this makes about four couts per pound net for the mutton. They ??eb throe clips of - wool from a sheep before the carcass is shipped, although tho demand has increased to such an extent that they are now slaughtering yearlings . for shipment. New Zealand now exports about 2,000,00? cross bred sheep. Australia has over 100,000,(X)0 sheep aid exports about 800,000 sheep frozen. No stock has to bc fed artificially in Australia. In New Zealand stock must be fed in the winter if kept fat. It is believed that Australia cac easily double her.exports of cattle and sheep if valuo would warrant it. A substantial increase in Australian* exports is expected in tho near future, and a plan has been formed to conduct tho export business by the producers of the animals, thereby saving tho cxpease of tho middlemen. Arrangements are being made for the erection of numerous packing establishments, refrigerating facilities, etc- It is plain that c ur meat export trade is to meet the strongest competition from the Antipodes. _ A Tramp's Chivalry] . One winter's day the late lamented King of Tramps, Harry Villiers, me'; a woman in the streets of Bangor, Mo., loaded with a valise and evidently in a very miserable frame of mind. Sae looked so woe begone that he doffed bis hat and accosted her in his usually courtly fashion. She told a ?tory of hunger, loss of position through sickness and of eviction from her own poor room because she could not pay the rent. All that excited Harry's ready sympathy. "If I were rich, my dear madam," said he, "I would assisDyou in the rich man's fashion-perhaps give you a dollar,1 perhaps pass by on the ocher side. But I'm a tramp and I'll have to help you in the tramp fashion." He begged a warm corner in an engine room for her, hunted up some ^ food at neighboring bacic doors and when the poor woman was warmed and fed he shouldered her valise and told her to follow him. She did so. He marched straight into the country for half a dozen railes, then approached a farm house where he waa known and solicited employment for the woman, giving her n glowing recommendation. She was lured and for many years was a hard working and trusted member of tho household. "And didn't I get glorious feeds when I sauntered along that way?" said Harry. "My Liends, the Astors used co envy me when I told 'era about it Economical Chemistry. Chemistry, like a thrifty housewife, economizes every scrap. The horseshoe nails dropped in the streets are carefully collected and reappear as swords and guns. The main ingredient of certain ink was once tbs broken hoop of an old beer barrel. The chippings of the traveling tinker are mixed with the parings of horses' hoofs ano the worst kinds of woolen rags, and these are worked up into exquisite blue dye which graces the dress of courtly dames.
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