Home Paper of 70 Communitiei Galesburg Regisrer-Mail VOLUME LXXII—232 A Better New$paper Weather Strip* Red High in Eighties Thursday, a Little Cooler Tonight GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Committee Delay Could Sidetrack Tax Cut Measure WASHINGTON (AP) - Chairman Harry F. Byrd of the Senate Finance Committee says he may open public hearings next week on President Kennedy's tax cut bill. Indications are, however, that lengthy committee deliberations and a decision to seek Senate action first on controversial civil rights legislation will delay final congressional action until early next year. Civil Rights First Senate Democratic leaders made plain Tuesday they planned to bring the civil rights bill up for a Senate vote before the tax cut measure which was passed last week in the House. The civil rights bill is expected to touch off a battle that almost certainly will include a lengthy Southern filibuster against the bill. Thus even if the Senate Finance Committee moves quickly on the tax bill, the Senate would be unable to consider it until it disposes of civil rights. Foil Douglas Byrd, a Virginia Democrat, said Secretary of the Treasury Douglas Dillon would be leadoff witness at the tax bill hearings. His aiinouncement came Tuesday after his committee voted 11 to 4 against a move by Sen. Paul Douglas, D-Ill., to speed tip hearings. "It's a very unfortunate decision," Douglas said. "In effect, we will have no tax bill this year." Sen. Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois, the Senate Republican leader and a Finance Committee member, said the committee's vote meant the bill would not be ready for floor action until Christmas. Army Regime Without Cash And Worrying SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic (AP) — Leaders in the Dominican Republic say the country will be bankrupt in three months if the United States and other American nations do not accept the regime that ousted President Juan Bosch. "From a psychological point of view, maybe we'll last only one month," one montn," a high-level government official said in an interview. "Public opinion will deterioriate if we fail to get diplomatic recognition and you might see an uprising inside 30 days. Then we'd get a military dictatorship or a Communist takeover." Officials in the provisional government, businessmen and foreign diplomats, agree that the Dominican future rests in U.S. hands. No one consented to be quoted by name. Flies to U. S. Dr. Jose Antonio Bonilla Atiles, ambassador-designate to the United States, flew to Washington on Tuesday in an attempt to get the Dominican Republic invited back into the family of Western Hemisphere nations and win restoration of $50 million a year in U.S. aid. Government and business leaders attributed the dismal outlook primarily to the cutoff of substantial private investment funds and U.S. aid programs after the military coup a week ago. They cited these other factors: The government has barely enough money to keep it running until Dec. 31. Unemployment in a labor force of about 450,000 has roughly doubled in the last year and stands at 30 per cent. Tourist traffic dropped sharply after the coup. The military force and national police are a heavy drain on the economy. A reduction of the men in uniform would mean greater unemployment. Suggests Need Dr. Warren Bilkey, an economist on leave from the University of Notre Dame while working as an adviser to the Dominican government, said an investment incentive law is sorely needed. Dominican experts trace the dire financial situation to the Trujillo dictatorship. But they say the situation became worse during Bosch's seven-month rule. Civilian observers are keeping a close eye on Elias Wessin y Wessin, regarded as the country's most powerful military man. Ecumenical Council Debates Various Proposed Changes VATICAN CITY (UPD—Fifteen cardinals and bishops addressed the Ecumenical Council today as the council fathers debated in detail a document defining the nature of the church. Today's third meeting of the new council session heard a plea for a clearer statement that the church is not seeking earthly power and has come "not to dominate but to serve." It also heard long arguments on the exact relationship between St. Peter and the other apostles 20 centuries ago—a subject which has an important bearing on present day relationship between the Pope and bishops. The 2,288 council fathers today started detailed debate on the introduction and first chapter of the draft "De Ecclesia"—"about the church''—which they approved by an overwhelming vote Tuesday as a basis of discussion. Asks Further Clarification The first American father to speak at this session, Bishop Ernest J. Primeau of Manchester, N.H., urged that a section be added to the document clarifying Catholic teaching regarding the relationship of church and state. Bishop Primeau also asked clarification of the doctrine that some persons who are not members of the Catholic church in a formal sense may yet be members of the church in the eyes of God in some sense. He suggested a distinction between "perfect" or "full" membership and "imperfect" membership which is not externally apparent. Injects Humor The moderator of the session, Julius Cardinal Doepfner of Germany, mistakenly introduced Primeau as the bishop of Manchester, England. Primeau drew laughter by hastening to correct the designation. He pointed out that the bishop of Manchester, England, is "one of the separated brethren"—a bishop of the Church of England. One factor in drawing out the committee's work, Dirksen noted, is that 75 amendments—most of them rejected in the House—are expected to be offered to the tax measure. The decision to put civil rights ahead of a tax cut was revealed by Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota, the assistant Senate Democratic leader, after Democratic congressional leaders met with the President. Humphrey told a news conference that political considerations dictated action on civil rights first. Rebels Defy Ben Bella If It Means War ALGIERS (AP)—Berber mutineers manned cannon on Algerian mountain ridges today, vowing to defy President Ahmed Ben Bella even at the cost of civil war. Ben Bella forces announced plans to arm vigilante committees to fight, if necessary with loyal Army troops. The announcement was made by Hadj Ben Alia, chief organizer of Ben Bella's ruling Front of Na tional'Liberation (FLN). "The vigilante committees will safeguard the revolution and fight against counterrevolution," Ben Alia said. "If necessary they can fight alongside our Djounouds (soldiers)" Ben Alia said. "They will be formed in every town, every village." Meanwhile, government troops threw a ring of roadblocks around the dissident Kabylie area in an effort to isolate the rebels. Sec. Rusk to Talk Deals With Soviet UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) —Secretary of State Dean Rusk talks over possible deals with Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko tonight in the only strictly U.S. Soviet meeting scheduled in current East-West discussions. Rusk also was expected to inquire into (1) a variety of possible Soviet - American accords, ranging from trade to space cooperation, and (2) the Soviet position on disarmament and political questions posed in the wake of the limited nuclear test-ban treaty. British Foreign Secretary Lord Home conducted the West's first deep probe into the second group of questions in a two-hour lunch at Gromyko's quarters Tuesday. New Senators Named TEHRAN, Iran (UPD - The Shah of Iran today appointed 30 new senators, including two women and former Premier Hossein Ala. They will be sworn in next Sunday by the Shah and Empress Farah. The Shah appoints half of the 60-member senate. The others are elected. Where to Find It 4 SECTIONS 44 PAGES Abingdon 27 Amusement 5 Bushnell 5 Classified Ads ....42-43 Comics-TV-Radio 40 Editorial 4 Food Section 24-34 Galva 5 Hospital Notes 5 Knoxville 27 Markets 39 Monmouth 38 Obituary 41 Sports 35-36 Weather 2 Women in the News —13-14 Military Pay Increase Is Signed Today WASHINGTON (AP) - Presl- dent Kennedy signed today, with "great pleasure" a bill granting an average 14.4 per cent pay increase to most of the 2.7 million men and women in the armed forces. In a cabinet room ceremony, Kennedy used more than a dozen fountain pens to sign the measure, which will cost the government $1.2 billion a year. It is the biggest military pay boost in history. Is Impressed Kennedy said that, while he is impressed with new and powerful weapons, he is mindful of the fact that it is men who "manage them, control them, and have the will to direct them." He said Americans in uniform serve with sacrifice and dedication, and that, on them, "The peace of this world of ours and its security depend in good measure." Members of Congress from both parties and a sprinkling of high military officers were among the two dozen official witnesses at the ceremony. After the signing the law, Kennedy distributed the fountain pens to the Congress members present. Congress completed its work Tuesday when the House passed the bill setting up a new military pay scales by a 332-5 vote. The bill set Tuesday for the start of the raise. Informer Tells of Mobster Who Died Of a Broken Heart if WASHINGTON (UPD - Cosa Nostra informer Joseph Valachi told Senate investigators today about a mobster who "died of a broken heart" after disgracing himself by showing nervousness after the killing of gangland boss Giuseppe Masseria. The squat alumnus of the crime combine identified the nervous gangster as Ciro Terranova. Masseria, who was set up for death by his own lieutenants, was murdered in a Coney Island restaurant. Masseria was the leader of the Italian faction in the 14- month Italian-Sicilian gang war of 1930-31. "Ciro was so shaky in putting the key in the ignition that they threw him off the wheel," Vala chi said in describing the episode. He said Vito Genovese, alleged "under the table boss of Cosa Nostra, Terranova and other aides had been present at Masseria's slaying. Stripped of Power Valachi said Ciro began to have what he called the "buck wheats" after the incident and his underworld power began to be stripped away. "After a while he took it so hard that he just died of a broken heart, he said. "He disgraced himself?" asked Chairman John L. McCMlan, D- Ark., of the Senate investigations subcommittee. Valachi agreed. Valachi testified about the Masseria slaying, touched upon briefly in Tuesday's testimony, after answering a volley of questions posed by subcommittee members. He disclaimed knowledge of criminal operations in a variety of mid • western cities in language which suggested that he had never heard of the cities themselves. "Senator, I never heard of Omaha," Valachi said, when Sen. Carl T. Curtis, R-Neb. f asked about policy and horse book operations there. Valachi, who violated an oath of loyalty and silence sworn in blood and fire, was serving two separate narcotics conspiracy convictions at the time he killed a fellow prisoner he suspected of being his intended executioner. It was after this that he turned HAVE THE FACTS—Defense Sec. McNamara, left, and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor are shown at Andrews AFB after their return from a mission to South Viet Nam checking on military and political conditions there. A few hours later they met with President Kennedy at the White House to submit their report. UNIFAX Military Mission Returns From Checkup on Viet Nam WASHINGTON (UPI) Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor returned today from a close- up inspection of the front lines of the South Viet Nam guerrilla war to give President Kennedy a frank appraisal of the situation. McNamara and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, chairman of (he Joint Chiefs of Staff, were scheduled to land at nearby Andrews Air Force Base, Md., early this morning after a flight from Honolulu. They had an 11 a.m. EDT appointment at the White House to present to the President a report on which future U.S. action in the Southea$ Asian country may hinge. On their departure from Saigon Tuesday, McNamara issued a statement saying he and Taylor had traveled the "length and breadth of this land" and had spoken with several hundred persons during their visit. Assess Situation Kennedy sent McNamara and Taylor to South Viet Nam Sept. 23 to make a first hand assessment of the progress of that- country's war against the Communist guerrillas, a war in which 12,000 to 15,000 U.S. servicemen are involved. The President gave the two investigators a three-way assignment. —To assess the military situation now, compared with the period before late August when the Vietnamese government cracked down on Buddhists and threw the country into a political turmoil. —To assess the probable effect of the Vietnamese government's repression of the Buddhists and other policies on the future progress of the war. —In the light of the first two findings to recommend what action the United States should take. U.S. officials said it was not a question of deciding U.S. "policy" in Viet Nam — the policy is and has been to see the war won and help the Vietnamese economically toward a better life. Kennedy has stated this country would not pull its forces out of Viet Nam, whose defeat he believes would ultimately mean the loss of all Southeast Asia to communism. Prime Minister Moves Back to 10 Downing St. LONDON (AP) - Prime Minister Harold Macmillan moved back into No. 10 Downing Street today after a three-year exile while the residence of British prime ministers was rebuilt. Macmillan has been carrying on his official duties around the corner at Admiralty House since construction firms took over No. 10 in August, 1960. on Cosa Nostra and began spilling its inside secrets to government agents. Gave Livid Account Valachi came on like gangbusters for the senators Tuesday, giving a murder-by-murder account of the struggle for controls of the New York branch of Cosa Nostra in the early 1930s. He also described in lurid detail his own secret initiation into the crime clan. At one point during his recital of th« initiation ceremony, he told (he listening senators and the silent crowd in the ornately paneled hearing room: "Senators, I need to go no further than what I'm doing — exposing this to you, the press, everybody — this is my doom!" Subcommittee aides said today Valachi would push ahead with his story of the struggle for control of Cosa Nostra. This includes accounts of the murder April 20, 1931 of Giuseppe Masseria by a rival faction headed by Salvatore Maranzano, and the subsequent doublecross and rubout of Maranzano by killers hired by the late vice lord, Charles (Lucky) Luciano, and Vito Genovese, said by Valachi to be "the boss of all bosses" in Cosa Nostra today. To Unveil Charts Senate investigators unveiled a set of prepared charts to aid Valachi in giving an up-to-date reading of who's who in Cosa Nostra's New York set-up, Valachi will draw on first-hand knowledge up to 1959, when he was arrested. After that date he has information acquired in federal prison as a cell-mate to Genovese. Although much of Valachi's testimony Tuesday dealt with crimes of more than 30 years ago, soma of the cases still are in the New York Police Department's "active" files. Prosecutors in the greater New York area were reported by subcommittee aides to be "very much interested" in his disclosures. Dynamite Is Found Near Birm ingham BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) — A third white man has been arrested and over 100 sticks / of dynamite were found hidden in a wooded area in the continuing investigation of racial bombings. John W. Hall, 36, of urban Gardendale, was charged, with illegal possession of w ABC Calls Off Quiz Show After 3 Performances NEW YORK (AP) - The "100 Grand" television quiz show which offered a top prize of $100,000 in cash, has been canceled by the American Broadcasting Co. after three performances. Executive Producer Robert Stivers said after the cancelation Tuesday: "The public looked, they weren't interested and they voted no." On the show, amateur experts in various fields pitted their knowledge against professional authorities. During the three-week run—one of the shortest in television network history—"100 Grand" gave out $20,000 in cash and $5,550 in savings bonds. No contestant came near the top prize. Former Senator Breaks Hip in Fall at Home PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP)—Former U.S. Sen. Theodore Francis Green is confined to bed with a broken hip, it was disclosed today. Edward Higgins, Green's secretary, said the former senator, whose 96th birthday is today, broke a hip in an accident in his home about three weeks ago. He was not hospitalized. Green, a bachelor, retired from the Senate in 1960. He was the oldest man ever to serve in Congress. A Democrat, Green entered the Senate at age 69 after serving two terms as governor of Rhode Island. Hoxtvs Block Traffic LOS ANGELES (UPI) - A downtown intersection was boxed up Tuesday when a truck overturned, spilling 37,000 paper cartons. No one was injured seriously, but it took three hours to pick up the boxes. dynamite Tuesday. He posted bond—set at $300—shortly afterwards. Robert E. Chambliss, 59, who was arrested Sunday by state investigators, also was free on $300 bond on the same charge. Chambliss posted bond shortly after a habeas corpus hearing in circuit court. Charles Cagle, 22, of Birmingham, who was arrested with' Chambliss Sunday, remained in jail on an illegal possession of dynamite charge pending a habeas corpus hearing today. Col. Al Lingo, commander of the State Highway Patrol, said Tuesday night that state investigators found 133 sticks of dynamite in a wooden crate and 2¥* sticks lying nearby in a wooded area in North Birmingham, just outside the city limits. He hailed the discovery as significant in the investigation of bombings. "We are stepping in the right direction. We are making progress." The Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth, former Birmingham minister and president of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, charged that the investigation appeared to be "a sham on the part of law agencies, in an effort to soothe the national conscience and placato Negroes." "Where are the FBI and the federal experts brought in — and what part did they play in this? Is this the best the nation can expect of the combined efficient forces of the federal, state and local law agencies?" Shuttlesworth asked. Presidential advisors Kenneth C. Royall and Earl Blaik planned another round of conferences with white and Negro leaders today. IK* w Nagel Serves Tea LONDON (UPI) - Mrs. Gertrude Wilkinson invited her friends into her luxurious London home Tuesday to honor the 73rd birthday of her butler, Nagel. Nagel, as usual, served the drinks, the Daily Sketch said to* day in reporting the party.
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