Edgefield Advertiser from Edgefield, South Carolina on April 22, 1852 · Page 1
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Edgefield Advertiser from Edgefield, South Carolina · Page 1

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Thursday, April 22, 1852
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a . --t -- A O 9 emtocratic got ual betet to Sottjrn Elints, Netno, 19olt cov Arl*ielgne fterattircp rltEtyrue gittttr c "We will oling to the Pillars of the Temple of our s, tiOS, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins." W. F. DURISOE, Propricter. EDGEFIELD, S. .,- APRIL 22, 18-52 THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY. W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. A. SiMKINS & JOHN BACON, Editors. TERMS.--Two DOLLARS per year., if paid in advance-Two DOLLARS and FIFTY CENTs if not paid in six months-and TnREE DOLLARS if not paid before the expiration of the vear. All subscriptions not distinctly limited at the time of subscribing, will be considered as made for an indefinite period, and will be continued until all arrearages are paid, or at the option of the Pub. lisher. Subscriptions from other States must be accompanied with the eash or reference to some one known to us. ADvERTISE.1ENTs will be conspicuously isserted at 75 cents per Square (12 lities or less.) for the first insertion, and 37 1-2 for each subsequent inpertion. When only published Monthly or Quar. terly. One Dollar per square will be charged. All Advertisements not having the desired number of insertions marked on the margin, will be continued until forbid and charged accordingly. Those desiring to advertise by the year can do so on liberal terms-it being distinctly understood that contracts for yearly advertising are confined to the immediate. legitimate business of the firm or individual contracting. Transient Advertisements must be paid for in advance. For announcing a candidate, Three Dollars, in advance. For Advertising Estrays Tolled. Two Dollars, to be paid by the Magistrate advertising. HURRAH FOR SPRING I BY RoDOPIE. Hurrah for briglt-robed Spring! She comes with her angel-band, And sparkling gems o'er Eearth tpspring, As she waves her tmagic wand. Hurrah for the blooming flowers, The bursting buds, and the leaves ! Oh soon they'll deck our bowers With the garlands Florm weaves. Hurrah for the perfumed breeze, As it sings in our fav'rite grove, Around the hallowed trees, The trysting place of Love. Iturrah for the glorious sun-shine, The wartn, bright days of Spring, The merry notes of the joyous birds As they flit by on the wing I IHurrah for the gushing streams, Now freed front Winter's thrall, And dashing,''neath sunny b'eamevi 'Iurrah for mount and plain, The moon and stars so bright I Spring holds her court and reign At morn, at noon, and night. Hurrah fur the honest Farmer ! Ile labors now with zest, rrepares the soil, plants the seed, Kind lleaven does the rest. Hurrah for the Farmer's boy. Oh well Ite guides his steed With a merry " Gee-wu- hoy," As his plough moves on with speed. Hurrah for the angel, Spring I That smiles o'er all the land, And bird and bee, flower and tree, Feel her reviving hand. WHY DOiT T HE GIRLS PROPOSE ? BY A StltstG SWAIN. Why don't tle girls propose, 0 ray? I wish they would begin! I've donned my Sunday suit eaci day Since thte uew year came in, Attd trained my new moustache with care, Attd sent them many a rose, And smiled at every passing fair; But still they don't propose! i've wvaited patietttly atnd long These three years past mn vain, But now I fear there's something wrotng, For leap year's come again, And not a sitngle ofl'er yet To suothie mty mtany woes,~ Oh, dear: my hteart goes pit-a-patWh'ly donu't the girls propose?7 But I've made a des'prate vow 'To say no latdy " nay," This only hope is left me now To shed otte ling'ritng ray ; The girls alike agree to this, That I'm thte best of beaux, If they wo.uld butt propose! T HE 3IU R DER. A TA LE OF CIRCU3MSTA NTIA L EVIDENC;E " An! the eaghe must soon become wearied with the little bird of the forest. and his wings will no longer overshtadowv it," said Yanutee to her w'hite liver in Itat mnetaphorical r~tyle, whicht, perhaps, the fervid imagination of the red man as well as the patueity of his langttage cottpels him to adopt; "and," the beautiful girl continued, "the braves of the forrest will then scorn it." "Never! never!" exclainted the person to whom te above was atddressed, with a startling vehemence. "Never! while the rivers run, the wildernests puts forth its leaves, or yonder sun glittets int the sky !" rTe girl, as if saitisfied. leaned her hiead utpon his bosom, and he, again atnd again, pressed his lips to her dusky, though most lov'elv brow. This conversation occurred many, many years ago in the great wilderness of thte WVest. Simnple as it was, ttnregarded by the world, it' overhteard, as it would1 have been, vet effe'cts flowed from the passionate words '.r thes torest-dentizens which altered the destinies of hundreds, and gave a peculiar character to the history of a populous State. Charles Grayson, and his Indian girl were wed. In a few days they left the tribe to ' which she bolonged, and were soon com. iortably settled in a hunter's lodge on the extreme verge of civilization. Years flew by-and the settlement had already assumed the badges of civilization. The gems or art and agriculture were glittering on the ruins of the wilderness, aud prosperity emptied her horn of plenty over the land. As accounts of the change reached the .E:ast, hundreds flocked to the clime of promnise, and among them one who to personal beauty, the most equisite, was added those graces of metropolitan refinement and education never surpassed, but rarely equalled. Mary Alton was the belle of the city.Her Dather had, in the vicissitudes of the times, been suddenly reduced to comparative poverty, and, like many others in a sim. ilar situation, turned his thee westward.Bitter was the struggle in Mary's heart when she beeame acquainted with her parent's failure, but more bitter still when she saw the necessity of his seeking a new habitation. It is hard for the young and sensitive to leave a home hallowed'by a nother's memory, and the angel-like associations of childhood. But the young, too, are hopeiful. The rainbow sparkled out upon the bosom of the cloud ; and Mary Alton, with a cheering and radiant smile, consented to depart. Oh! smiles of the beautiful, do ye not spenk of a isunnier world ?-a world where the fountnin oftears is forever sealed by the seraph of Inappiness, and grief lies buried beneath the fadeless bower of joy! And the two, father and daughter, bid ndieu to the crowded city for tie solitude of a far-distant wilderness. If Mary's cbarnes were all powerful in the East, they were not less attractive in her new lone. Sine was the toast, the worshipped beau ideal of the young hunters. Her name cheered their hearts, and fired I their eyes minid the dangersand privations of 1 the life which their lot often compelled theni to lead ; for even yet the emigrants of hiat. region were frequently dependent on the ehnse for subsistence. Amninig ary's admirers one was partin. larly cor.spki'onms. lis name, letiry Segard, was an honored one. Ile had more than oneed saved the settlement from the dread. tul tomahawk, and rescued many a captive fron their border foes. The only rival, in prowess, to young Segard, was Charles Gravson. Fate stented to have pitted themn agiinst each other from utrigues of their respeetive foliowers.I'here wis a rumor, indeed, that they had i avorn friendship. But the oath, if such had -ver been made, was soon to prove valueless. iere was one master passion whose mighty irm could shiver the holy bond and overurn forever the sncred altar. Henry Segard was the accepted one- I )hn ! how his heart thrilled when, arm in arm, 1 te and his betrothed wandered through the 1 u:jestic old woods,beneath the silvery stars, Lnd .rurrounded by all the sweet influences ?f nature, whose lofty brow yet wore the insoiled diadem of the lonely wild. How nuch (ho we lay down before the shrine of -ivilization ! How much of the beautiful do ve sacrifice ? The nighty river is turned iside, the rippling stream dried tip, and the iftv mointhi stripped of its emnerald coroal," which rustled in kingly magnificence tround the marble summit. So let it be; utch is our irresistable law. In these walks, unseen as they imagined henselves, there was an eye on them-an -ye dark and keen and sleepless. A glorious evening-a twilight of North America-cloud on cloud, in crimson drapery and ruby gold clustering around the Izure palace of the Hesperides! And Mary, in the still solemn wood, keeps hner trust. The beautiful girl hiad been waiting btut a few mo(mpts-yct those moments were tours. :nnd her lips murmured, "Why3 comeIs lhe not?" "lie is here!" cried one leaping from a L't-lump of small trees, aronnd whose deliente branchnes elustered the luxunriant tendrils of thnat smnnll vine pt'enliar to the West. "lie is here !" he replied ; "otne who loves you, who hans long loved you-one wvhom von miust love." -"Never !" and she recogntized Grayson. "Never ! I have sworn it." "Am I bounid by vour unholy oathn? cried 31ary', " I tine betrothied of ainothier ! Away! away, sir! your rashness and villany may yet t emnni n unudiscovered." " bnry Alton," said Grayson: in those lowv, dee'p, l~hafnrtculated tones-which ever sipeak wild and uncountrollable passion" Mlary Aluon I har e watched you for months -I have watched you at ntoon, at eve, at night-I have kissed tine very Ilowers yotir fingeurs have touched-I have stood for hours on thbe blessed spont your feet have pressed -wvill you not? Caninot yo returnl my love 3" Grayson knelt and suddenly seized her hanud. Lalary stood pale aind niotionless wvith fear and astonishnment. " Answer ! I implore you," lie continued. " Traitoress! wvretch " shrieked rathner thnan spoke Yantee, as she rushed into the scene, wvith a dagger brandished aloft"Traitoress! this-this will revenge the daughter of a chief !" The knife suddenly descended, atid would inevitanbly have proved fatal, had nuot Grayson sprung to his feet and struck the instrumnent from tine hand of the infuriated firl. " What meains this ?" and Henry Segard joined the group. "Grayson-Yanteehere! and that, knife? Explain !" Hei turned to Mary, who attempted to speak, but from tears and trembling was tunuble to utter a word. Segard, seeing her inefleetual attempt, to answer him, turned to Grayson, and said : " Whant,'sir,do you here ? What does that Imdian girl here 3" " You-no one shall question me. What do you here ? Ha! Ha !" Grayson exclaimed, wijh a wild mocking laugh; "you need not answecr me either, Yantee !" Thie girl az.e1 at hin without. renlying. "Yantee! away !" The girl silently departed ; but after proceeding a few steps, turned about, and glar. ing upon Mary.exclaimed. "Daughter of the pale face, beware!" and the boughs soon hid her from sight. Segard, finding Mary insensible, turned to his antagonist. "Grayson, we shall meet ngain." " Whenever you please," was the laconic, but bitter teply, and he strode firmly away. Mary, in a few minutes having recovere4, slowly and painfully answered the questions of her lover. When she finished, llenry arose from the spot where he had been kneeling over her, and said in a low, but firm voice, "He dies the death.?" " No! no! stain not your hand,.Segard, the hand betrothed to me, with blood." "I have said it," was his reply. Silently they pursued their way homeward. Neither spoke. Thoughts f sandness with her-thoughts of revenge with him. were too busy for any conversation. Aund Yantee still ministered to the wants of her faithless lord. But there was a settled fierceness in her dark eye, at once strange and dreadful. Grayson. however, did not observe it. Like mny others he underated it woman's heart, mind and courage. Brave men are two often imprudent, and Henry, notwithstanding his marriage should have produced caution, where it never before existed-was one of the number. le related the transaction, which we have described, to several of his companions; swearing revenge against Grayson. They, as usual urging him on. A few evenings after the scene in the forrest, lie carefully examined his huntiing knifie and gunand informing Mary and the fmily (he resided with his father,) that lie should be absent for some time on a night hunt, with some coirades, left the house. But murder was in his heart, and he directed his course to Grayson's lodae.-When about half way lie was met by Yantee. who tittered an exclamation of surprise and delight at the encounter. "The brave of a pale face caresses a tained fawn," she said. Segard felt the sarcasm, nd replied in her own style. "The fawn is as pure as I he snow on the nountains, and she scorns the Black Eagle." Such was the subriquet ofr Grayson. SIla, how knowest the brave that ? A lie is on the pale fare's lips, and his le:irt turses the serpent of deceit. Fire flashed from the eyes of Segard, but emenmbering, that the speaker was a woman, ie scornfully smiled and repliedWould the fawn mate for life with the M le xpression 14sdov'er tate lace - t Vantee, and she asked in a half-joyful, haltorrowful tone. " Has she !" " Yes!" " Will the brave swear it ?" "I do." " Tell her then that Yantee buries the nife. The white bosom of the fitwin shall ot bleed. The information of Segard relaive to his marriage was a conclusive arrunent to the simple child of the woods that klarv did not love her husband. The Indi:a vonian of thnse days never dreamed of inlilelitv in her sex. "1The Black Eagle shall no longer repose n the bosom of the bird. The blosod of but mic "-id here checkiig herself, she afier a ew moments, cont inuc-" Let tihe brave lonrr urse his fiavi." And then (hhed off into bie forest toward her home. Segard slowly follo'wed. A week has rolled by since that night-a readful week-and the court room of the ettlement is filled With a dense throng.rhere congregated together, you might have qeen the stalwart hunter in his picturesque ress-the merchant from the far, far East -the Indian in his sweeping blanket and >raided moccasins; and the attorney, who ven there, assumed the knowing look and rofessional swagger. Nor should we forget o mention the judge in his leggins and hunin" shirt. Sutddenly a silence as of death fell upon he molly thronag. The clerk arose and read an indictment for murder, closing with these ords, which have struck terror to the hearts f thousands-" Guilty or not guilty ?" The prisoner calnly arose, asnd in a deep, lear, unfaltering voice, atiswered " not guilCourage still snt on the brow of Henry Segard-pale as it was with mteintal sufferTJhe trial commenced. The state's attorney opened by informing the jury (thtoughl they knew it before) that they wvere totr the prisoner at the bar for a murder ont the body of one Charles Grayson. Hie then wenit on to give the usual recital of facts connected with the affair, antd wound tip with the stereotyped phillipie of uahnost all gentlemen, hofding his legal situation against erime. The witness were then called; and the testimony was in substance, thus: Segard had left his home on the night of the murder, saying thtat lie was to join a hunt-that no husit took place, nor had any been contemplated-that the prisoner hasd been seen going in the direction of Graysosn's lodge-that Grayson had biean found stabbed and deud-that Segard had often been heard to threaten the deceased's lifethat his wife had refused to speak on the subject, and was unable to attend the trial, owing to illness produced by grief-and that Yantee, the wife oIf Grayson, had not been seen or heard of since the night, of the murder. The cross-examination produced nothing worthy of mention, and the case lhere rested. After the argumenit of counsel, Segard at. tempted to rise and address the jury, but was dissuaded by his advocate. And Henry Segard was fouind guilty of murder in the first degree. Oh! those awful thirty days! one by one the doomed wvretch sees them glide awayhe coutnts every suan-he numbers every hour-ho sees the eternity gradually approaching-at last the scaffold-dark and awful meets his quaihing eye ; the last hour is here. We need not describe his execution-the frst which hrl ever oceurred1 in--. lor rnr chilled every hef, and some shed tears They remembered-Segaird's bravery-frank ness. nobleness, serviets. and they weptthose stern, iron-neaed hunters!-Tie last moment has arrived.-Segard stood up, an< in a voice, long-rerdCiubered, exclaimed, " am innocent!" He'was urged to go on, but a scornful smile 11, "The brave do not fear to die! I a nocent!" le then knelt prayed for his wife father, mother and irother. - " I am ready," saidhe, in a firm tone, and the Cap was'drawal down-the word was given ; he, the youzg, the lion-hearted, was a -corpse! "Save him! save him!" shouted a wild voice, and Yantee.arted into the crowd. "Save him! save hit! the brave is innocent! I slew the Black Eligle !" The crowd recoiled in horror. ,"I," she continued-" I met. him going to .6ur lodge- lie made the bird of the forest believe that the fawn loved not the Engle-thn'T had but one to hate -only one to kill. I flew to the lodge-lie was sleep-I stabbid him. The daughter of a chief;" cried sie, in a loud voice, and drawing herself up to her fullest height" was revenged! I fled f vtoy home," she continued-" in the. wood.. I heard that the brave was to die for Yantee'deed. I flew. to save him! Too late ! toolate! The brave would have slain the Black Eagle, but mine was the right to revenge'l" Tie girl overcon by weariness, grief and passion, sunk . upon the ground-lifeless. The chord of lire had been stretched too far, and it snapped. The above tail is, true in its leading details. It is almostriipossible to execute a person in the section where the melancholy A'dir occurred, andjndeed the whole state has h'erome provcrlijl for injudicious mercy towards criminal7. Lawyers will tell mon, that, IHenry Segard on the testimony, shold have been execnted. For my own part, h'ving tend, at least once, the best work on evidice, I must agree with them. And now; render, judge kindly of a TALE OF CIRCUMSTAKTIAL EvIDENCE. P.ACF oF MIND.-IU,.know of but one way of for; ifying my soiJainst the gloomy presages and, terrors or-.i nd: and that is by seeNring to myself the friendship and proteelion of that Being. .ho disposes of events and governs futurity,. He sees at one view the whole thread of ny existence not on!y that part of it whi, have already passsed through, but that r st runs forward into the depths of eternit" When I lay me down to sleep, I recomm .d myself to his care; when I awake, I gi b.elf up to his direc0P.1 hr-1111n me I look he will avert t em 1 I know neither the time. or the manger of the death that I am to die. I am not at all solicitious about it because I am sure that lie knows them both, and that lie will not fail to'comfort and slpport me under them. C!F.a yr !-Dr. Johnson used to sny that the " habit of looking upon the bright side of things was worth one thousand pounds a year.-Thiere are some persons who are making themselves and those about them miserable by clinging always to tie dark side of the picture. Though no eil may be :pparent, it is nevertheless anticipated, and they are thus rendered unhappy from -i n:'rinary ennse. The man who on having" his l-g hbroken thanked God that it was not his neck. was a renl philosopher. Though sufflering from an injnry done to his leg, lie fouid pleasire in being grateful that a more serious enlamity hnd not befallen him. If instead of erosssing bridges before we come, we should always hope for better days, we should be vastly happier. It is lawful to do this, for these days will come. The darkest night must give plce to the dawn. THE OLD MAx.-Iiardly any expression grates so harshly on the car as that of" the old man," when it comes from the lips of a son speaking of his father. rThe person who habitually uses the expression is either intmate with low charneters, or does not feel that respect and deference due from a son to a parent. lIn excuse it is snid, tis but a joke, and means nothiung. If so, it were better not to jest on stuch subjects, and to use some expression that does mean somethIng. .Young chaps that frequenit oyster cellars, beer saloons, and fashionable wvine-shops, wvho canu smoke a " regalin," or chew " ladies' twist," without making them sick, or walk a crack with three glasses of champagnethese are the sprigs who talk of " the old nman:" wvlo don't know they're out. FLOWERS AND SHtRs.-WVhy does not every lady who cenn afford it-mid why not hiav geratnintm or some other flower in her wvindow ? It is very cebep-its ceaepness is next to nothing if you raise it fronm seed, or from a slip; atnd it is a beauty and a companion. It was the remark of' Leigh Ilunt, thamt it sweetens the air, rejoices the eye, links you with nature and innocence, and is somethinug to love. And if it caninot love you in return it cnnnot hate you; it catnnot titter even a hateftul thinig, even if you tneglect it; for alihough it is all beauty, it has no vanity ; anid, such being the case, and living as it does, purely to do you good, and afford you plensure, how will you be able to neglect ht? We receive, in iimngination, the scent of these good natured leaves, which allow you to carry off their perfume on your fingers, for good natured they are, in that respet above all other plants, and fitted for- the hospitality of your room. The very feel of the leaf has a household wvarmth in. it-something analagous to cloth ing and comfort. EJOYMENT OF LIFE.--Two wealthy gentlemnen were lately conversing in regard to the period when they-had best enjoyed them. selves. "1I will tell you," says onle, "ivwhen I most enjoyed life. Soon after I was twenty-onc, I worked for Mr. -, laying a stotie wall,at twenty cents per day." " Wtell," replied the other, "that doe.s not differ much from my experience. When 1 was twenty, I hired myself out at seven dollar. a month. I have never enjoyed myself better since." The experience of the two individnals teaches, first, that one's happiness does not depend on tho amount of his gains or the station ho occupies ; seond, that very small beginntings, wit~h inrdnstryander rudisences, .a~ seuowalh..l WILLIS ON WEBSTER.-Daniel Webstei made a speech at the recent " Cooper Testi. monial," and N. P. Willis in describing it ir the Home Journal says: " Mr. Webster rose and was again received with lona and vociferous applause. Certain. ly, Demosthenes would have smiled, had he henrd the address that followed, and learned that its deliverer is styled by his country. men an orator. Great men are never great orators. Anything more unoratorical than Mr. Webster's mode of speaking cannot be imagined. His manner was precisely that of a farmer who had been summoned from the plough to the forum. He said "moniment," for monument, and "liter.Ltoor," for literature. He jerks out a sh :t sentence in a high, rather nasal tone, ar lien lets his voice fall and die away into a long lov rumble, inaudible utterly to a large number of tantalized auditors. .But the matter is solid, safe and well considered. He never (we hear) read a novel of Cooper's iii his life; yet lie said wh.t was proper for the occasion and becoming to himiself. ie d-e3t strongly upon the independence, the integrity, the piety, and especially the nationality of the departed novelist. His address was listened to with breathless attention, and the mighty presence of the man held spell-bound the distant thousand or so who could not hear." THiE MAINE LAW ABOLISHED [I SUN.An edict has been in force twenty-seven years in the king-dom of Siam, proiibiting the use of opium or any trafie in it; but having failed to diminish its consumption, the edict has been revoked, and the license systern again introduced. The Singapore Free Press of the 2d of February publishes the act of revocation, from which the fullowing is an extract: "Opium being a drug of pernicious tendeney, the former kings of Siam have unifurinly prohibited traffic in it, and have caused merchants engaged in the trafic of it to be seized, and their property confiscated. Those efforts to cleanse the land of the evils of opiun, produced ruin of estate and business, and revengeful feelings to a very great extent. Ienee his present maijesty has been pleased to grant a monopoly of the traffic in opium to certain individuals of his subjects, allowing them alone to purchase it and to sell it only to the Chinese, who have conic hitherto to seek .their livelihood under his auspices. But to all Siamese and others who are sub*-ects of the kingdom of Siam, and who constitute the forces of the king-. dom, opium is contraband as an article of trade or consumption." EXECUTION OF A BANKiiUPT.-At noon, on *L,-# .1 .- 6 11 ed its busiest aspect, two drummers in the civic uniforn came up amid rolled their drums for the space of ten minutes. causing a great commotion both within and ont of the Bourse. While this was going on, workmen were seen over the principal gateway of the building elevating a black board, on Which was painted in white letters the name of a merchant of the city who had lately suspended paiyment and absconded with all his assets. When the name had been fairly set up, a bell called the "schand glocke" or shaic bell, only rung on such occasions, was sounded for two hours from a tower of the Bourse. This penalty of disgrace called the "execution of a frandulent bankrupt," is ordained by a law which cnn be traced to the fourteenth century, when the hlaliseatic lenigne was at the height of its greatness. At that period. however, the bankrupt's palent of citizenship and his certificate as a merchant, were also buriit by the hangman. TIE COINAG.-The Senate of the United States have passed a bill, and sent it to the House of Representatives for concurrence, reducing the intrinsic value of silver coin representing the fractional parts of a dollar, about 7 per cent. for the present standard. It provides that the weight of the half-dollar shall be 19 1-2 grains ; and the quarter-dollar, rime and~ half-dime shinll be respectively onehalf, one-fifth, and one-tenth of that wveighit. The weight of the halr-dollair hitherto, hasbeen 20(i.l-4 grains. Th'lis important measure ought to have passed when the actual difference in the relative value of gold and slver first becamie manifest ; for thereby the p resent scarcity of stinal change would have been preventd.-New York Journal of Coinmeree. THE FUT-rnE Corros CRoP.--A correqp)odenlt of the National Intelligenicer wvriting from Cannelton, Indiana, says: "I'Tie year is not very distant when a slingle State'(Arkansas) will give a yearly production of three millions of bales of Cotton, if its price holds up to an average of seven cents 'per pound. This year the product per nere of mny~n3 plantatmons on the Mississippi river, andl on either side of Meumphmis, was as high its 3000 pounds of seed cotton, Arkunisus has several millions of acres of the very best cotton lands that will be protected from overflow in a few years. The very lowv price u nnd great fertility of these lands will soon bring them into market and use. Cottotn from that district will be taken up, and not down stream. It will be taken to Eastern mills ceaper by the Ohio river than by the gulf and ocean route. Whether Eastern mach'nery and operatives will meet the cotton half-way, is yet to be seen. WE think it is Dow, Jr., who gives the folowing quaint advice in one of his "Patent Sermons :" "Let your home be provided with such comforts~ and necessaries, as piety, pickles, potatoes, pots and kettles, brushes tongs, brooms and benevolence, bread and charity, cheese and faith, flour, affetion, eider, sincer-. ity, onions, integrity, vinegar, wino and wisdom. Ihnve all these always on hand, and happiness will be with you. Don't drink anything intoxicting-go about your bushne'ss after breakfast-lounge a little after dinner-chat after tea--and kiss after quarrlling; and aill the joy, and thme peace and the bliss this world cani afford will be yours, till the grave closes over you, and your spirits are borne to a brighter and a happier sphere. S'o may it be. A Yankee has taken out a patent for leather tanned with the bark of a dog ! Correspondence of the Mercury. WASmINGTON, April, 1352. GENTLEMEN: Will you allow me to call the attention of the Planters in your State to the late proposition received by me from the Messrs. Hartsen Brothers, Amsterdam? It will be remembered, that these parties, on account of misunderstanding on both sides, and wilful misrepresentation of the enemies of Southern Commerce, were dissuaded from exerting themselves in regard to a trade which they were led to believe could never be established. I took the liberty of saying in behalf of the planters of the South, that they were in earnest, and, that to test the matter, let an advance of half be made by Hartsen Brothers for a trial cargo. That this trial cargo would evidence to my Southern friends the disposition abroad to co-operate with us-to " start the ball," and would prove by actual results evidenced by the account sales, whether direct trade was a humbug or not. That all the Planters wanted was the means, safe, simple and guaranteed and they would act. These statements of mine werd in opposition to those of hundreds who had busied themselves in regard to my arrangements in Europe. In accordance with my earnest solicitations, and upon the faith of my assurances in behalf of the Planters, the Messrs. Ilartsen Brothers have renewed their offers and given a specifie authority, in accordance with my prololsition1, to authorize an advance of half upon this trial cargo, and, if the results prove favorable and munttually satitfrtory. that further advancs of two-thirds and three quarters will be made. I ha e notified Messrs. James Gadsden and Co. of the same, and merely ask, through your journal, to call the attention of the Planters of South Carolina to the inets. It is not for me to say anythiig more about direct trade, to a people so intelligent as the citizens of the Palmetto State. If that subject is not now understood at the South, it never will be. We are now on the eve of the first fire, before the great and general battle. Shall my representations be sustained. or, shall 'the enemies of Southern comnerce, at home and abroad, still further cut us off from that syvnpathy and confi- 1 dence which it is so important for its to establish with the Continent of Europe? Here, at least, is the issue made. Here are the " darling advances "-the opportunity of maonied alliance with Iulland-of low interest and the hundred advantageous items Involved in a direct trade. What better time could be salected 1 What more is wanted ? A consignment to Messrs. Ilertsen Brothers, Amsterdam, through Messrs. J. Gadsden and C4 og -I-ha__1st-- .-I- br.relvp& - A111 for.. Aly duty is d isehiargea. I le regu tar atii. usual commercial details are arranged-correspondence established, and It now remains with the Planiters to decide whether direct trade is an abstraction to be talked about, or a fact, involving the commercial social and and political redemption, to be sustained by the Sonth, as a wise, and safe domestic policy. Kous rcerrons. C. G. BAYLOR. UxwnomXso' co a C toNAo.-The following extract from an article in the New York Tribune sets forth in lretty strong colors the infilnence of Congressional exiravag:mnce and prodigality on the i-im who le.ves his home with the idea that eight dollars a day is line wages. Though lhighly colored, there is a great deal of truth iii the paragraiph: The Congressman has bawled himself lo:ir.:e on the stump in behalf of 'retrenchment and reform,' but lie reaches Washington, and sees millions going this way and other millitons that, at a dash of the pen; and his eight dollars per day, which looked so inviting in the prospect, dwindles, in full view of these dazzling realities, ito* pittance which lie wouldlie ashamed to keep his dog on. So lie begins by overcharging his mileage by some magnificent circumbendibus; nex~t votes himself a cart load of books, which lie often sells at a ruinous shave, (biut lhe pockets thme proceeds aind Uncle Sam .the loss;) and now lie is ready for jobbing ini contracits, in claims, and dabbles in all manner of miscellaneous corruption, whereby the expenditures are swelled, and the treasury depleted. So uip go the approprations to an enormous figure, but nobody is to blame. Pairty hacks try to make party capital out of it, amnd pot applies unseemly epithets to kettle; new demagogues contrive to supplant some of the old ones, and fall to realizing iEsop's fable of the fox and the flies; so nothing conies of this 'withiering expose' and that tremendous castigation, but infinite confusion, w~ranking, and empty noise; at all events no retrenehmnent, but rather increased extravnmgance, waste nad peculation." MARK OF ILL-BREE.DNG.-There is no better test of ill-breeding than the practice of interrupting another in conversation by speaking, or commencing a remark beforo another has fully closed. No well bred person ever does it, nor continues eenversation long with one whlo does. The latter often finds an Interesting conversation adruptly waived, closed, or declined by the former, without, sutspccting the cause'. A well-bred person will not even interrupt one wvho is in all respects greatly inferior. If you wvish to judge the good-breedIng of a person with whom you are hurt little acquainted, observe him or her in this respect, and you will not be deceived. Howvever intelligent, fluent, or easy she may appear, this grace proves the absence of trute politeness. I t is often amusing to see persons priding themselves on the gentility of their manners, and putting forth all their efforts to appear to advantage in many other respects, so readily betray all in this particulair. EviDENCEs OF For LYv.-Asking the publisher of a new periodical how muany copies he sells per week. Making yourselves disagreeable, and wvondering that no one will visit you. Getting drunk, and complaining the next day of the headache. 'Neglecting to advertise, and wondering that you do not succeed in business. Refuising to take a newspaper, and being surpirised that the people laugh at your ignoraln. GATHERINGS. GER31 or GREATNImss,--Faith, that is to say, in all possible spheres the vision of the invisible, and the absent brought nigh, is the energy of life. We do not go too far in saying that it is the point of departure for all action-since to act is to quit the firm position of the present, and stretch the hand into the future. But this at least is certain, that faith is the conree of every thing in the eyes of man which bears a character of dig. nity and force., Vulgar souls wish to see, to tonuh, to grasp-others have the eye of faith and they are great. It is always, by having faith in others, in duty, or in Divinity, that men have done great things. Faith has been in all times the strength of the feeble, the salvation of the miserable. In great crisis, in grand exigen. cies, the favorable chance has always been for him who hoped against hope. And the' greatness of individuals or of nations may be measured previously by the greatness of iheir faithi.-Vinet. A Bnsic PLACE.--There is a good anecdote told about the little town of Portland, Indiana. While a certain stearmboat was about puting out from here recently, for New Orleans, tie mate, an old boatman, turned to some passengers and remarked : " This little town gentlemen, looks dull, but I tell you It is, perhaps, a mighty brisk place. About fifteen years ago, I was going down with a flat boat to New Orleans, wo stopped here to procure some provisions. I went up into town, and seeing a coat hanging out of a shop door, just took it. The owner canme after me-caught me-took me before a magistrate-I was tried--convicted-took thirly-nine ishesr-alid I back to the boat in fifteen minutes! I tell you gen. tlemen, a Imity brisk little place is that same Portland." To CLEAR. A WELL or FouL Air.-Put a quart or two or unslacked lime In to a bucket, and before lowering it into the iell, pour a sufficient quantity of water on the lime to slack it; then let it down to the water but not so as to go into it. In a few minutes the well will be cleared t f foul air, the slack. ing lime either taking tip the noxious air or forcing it out of tihe well. BnUisEs.-If the skin Is not broken, eam. plior in spirits will soon remove soreness and inflamation; if thtskin is broken, apply eold water repeatedly; if large and paiwfal'apply warm water. READING AND TmffNiyo.-It is not 'hasty reading but seriously meditatin upon holy thle be atoneng ol- the aowers a er honey, but her abiding for a time upon them and drawing out the sweet. It Is niot he that reads most, but he that meditates most, that will prove the best Christian. A correspodent of the Savannah Morning News, writing front Atlanta on the 10th inst., states that Capt. Sisson, formerly for many years engaged in the coasting trade between Savannah and Charleston, was killed that morning at Marietta, in a, rencontre tvith a Mr. Paten. Capt. Sisson had, for the last tenl years, been a resident of Cobb co., Ga. Tuim passions may be humored till they become our master. as a horse may be pamptred till he gets the better of iisrider; but early di:ceipline will prevent mutiny, and keep tihe helm in the hands of reason. AN Irishman sued by a doctor for the amount of his bill for medicine and attendance, and Paddy being called upon to state why he refused to pay, replied: " Why should I pay for sich stuff! The medicine was of no use to me. Shure he sent me two emeties. and ne'er a one could I kape on my ;tomac." SAID a patient to his physician, about fire rears ago, after rending over the prescripion of a distinguished frIend of temperance, wvhom ill health had obliged him to consut:- consut:- sut:" Doctor, do yout think that a little spirits now and then would hurt mc very much?" " Why, no, sir,"' answered the doctor, deliborately; " I do not know that a little-nowv rind then-would hurt von very much; but, if you don't take any, It wvon'tjhurt you at all." Sot:nD Anvict.-When your poor wife begins to scold, let her take It out. Put your feet.cosaly over the fire place, loll back in your chnilr, light one of your best cigars, rind let the storm rage on. Say nothing, make no answer to any thing. "FATItER, do folks make clothes out of peas?", "No, foolIsh bor. Why do you risk that question, Sinon?' "Why, I heard n, sailor talking about his pea-jacket. " Cuairiis, do you really lovb my daughter?" "You know I do, Mrs. Simpson." " low much do you lovelher ?" "I love her -I love her as hard--as hard as a horse enn kick." Mirs. Simpson was satisfied of the strength of his affection. " LANDroRD," said Jonathan, the other day, stepping up to the bar in a public house, "jest give us a cent's worth of Newr England rum, and put It Into two tumblers. Here Jim, take hold; darn the expense, I say, when a fellow Is cn a bust." "0O PADDT, my boy," exclaimed an Irishman at Deer Islantd, as he threw his arms around an old acquaintance, "it'a glad I am to see you." The embrace not being returned, the friend explained by saying that both of his arims had been blown off wrhile blasting rocks. "Oh wvell," said Pat, "no matter for the hug, give us your hand, me boy I" UJSCtt Sisa's FxNos.-The net amount subject to draft in the U1. S. Treasury, on the 22d uIt., was 612,773,397.91, of which *5,377.98 wias in the hands of the U. S. Assistant Treasurer in Charleston. A SECRET WORTH KsowriNG.--Doil three or four onions in a pint of water. Then with a gildiing brush do over your glasses and frames and rest assured that the flies will not light on the article washed. This may be used without apprehension, as it will not, do the least injury to th,- f'mmes,

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