Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 28, 1973 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Thursday, June 28, 1973
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Home Paper o! 70 Communities Cjalesburg Register-Mail Cool Tonight Sunny Friday JDgti 80 A Better Netcupaper VOLUME LXXXII — 154 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 6,1401 — THURSDAY, JUNE 28, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Dean Parries 'Loaded' J White House Questions WASHINGTON (UP I) Refusing to waver from his previous testimony under what he termed "loaded" Watergate questions from the White House, John W. Dean in said ifcoday that many presidential staffers knew the White House "wasn't exactly baring its soul" about the scandal and its cover- up. 16 Lincoln Gets Bath Students from Springfield High School spruce up the statue of Abraham Lincoln which stands in front of the Illinois State Capitol., Exposure to the weather had tarnished the figure. UNIFAX New End-the-War Measures Planned WASHINGTON (UPI) - War critics, now in firm command of both houses of Congress, grimly pressed ahead today with legislation to stop the bombing of Cambodia—despite President Nixon's veto of such a measure. Antiwar forces in both the Senate and House vowed to attach a new end-the-war measure as a rider to vital appropriations bills that must be passed if the federal government is to continue operating. Crunch Expected The crunch is expected to come on a House-passed appropriations resolution to keep federal agencies operating after the new fiscal year begins this Sunday. The House resolu- tidn contains an amendment- identical to the one written into the $3.3 billion supplemental appropriations bill Nixon vetoed Wednesday—cutting off funds for U.S. military action in, over or from the shores of Cambodia or Laos. Senate approval is expected before the end of the week. In vetoing the supplemental bill, Nixon said the total bombing halt "would seriously undermine the chances for a lasting peace in Indochina and jeopardize our efforts to create a stable, enduring structure of peace around the world." The House, minutes after Nixon's message was read, sustained the veto. It voted 241 to 173 in favor of a motion to override, 49 votes short of the necessary two-thirds majority. Chairman George Mahon, D- Tex., of the House Appropriations Committee said he would seek approval of a new supplemental bill without the antiwar rider, but doves said they would seek to attach the Cambodia amendment to the measure once again when it comes to the floor. Nixon said if the supplemental bill is not enacted the payroll for Social Security Administration workers would be withheld, and 25 million Americans might be deprived of their benefits. Ifei xted Story: Page In Bern's (fourth day before the Senate Watergate Committee, the ousted White House counsel insisted he had not indulged in "any exaggeration at any time or any place" in testifying about the case and his belief that President Nixon was involved in hushing it up. . The White House questions, prepared by recently appointed presidential counsel J. Fred Buzhardt, appeared' to reflect a new White House strategy of blaming Dean and former Attorney General John N. Mitchell for the Watengate affair. The questions were asked Dean by Sen. Daniel K. Inouye, D-Hawaii, a member of the committee. Inouye Questions Dean. "If your deputy, Mr. (Fred) Fielding, who worked so closely with you, and who carried out some of your missions connect ed with tflie conspiracy, had absolutely no knowledge of the cover-up conspiracy, how do you so blithely assume that others on the White House straff and even the President did know of your conspiracy?" Inouye asked for the White House, "I think today Mr. Fielding is very happy that I didn't tell him," Dean replied. "In fact, he subsequently thanked me for not invoking him. "I don't know how many cither people on the White House stafif knew of the conspiracy ... I certainly know I was getting instructions from Mr. Haldeman and Mr. Ehrlichman and I know of my conversations with the President. "I know that quite a number of other people knew that the White House was not exactly baring its soul on the matter ... there were a series of various phases of the cover-up and various people at the White House knew about it." Dean did not identify the others, but ho has testified at length previously that former, White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehriidh- man, Nixon's former chief domestic affairs adviser, were among the architectis of the plot to cover up high-level Involvement in the bugging of Democratic party headquarters at the Watergate a year ago. In a 12-page memo Buzhardt submitted to the committee Monday, the White House appeared to shield Haldeman and Ehrlichman—whom Nixon has described as two of his closest friends and advisers — while calling Dean the "principal actor" in the plot and former Attorney General John N. Mitchell his "patron." The questions reflected that strategy —one series suggesting that Dean deliberately had "leaked" his story to the news media. Dean denied the charge. "It's obviously a loaded question," he said, sipping from a glass of ice water. Defends Memory He said he had used newspaper clippings from the time of the Watergate arrests until mid-May this year to jog his memory in piecing together his story. "I think I have a very good memory," he said. "I'm very fast at recalling information and retaining information." "Have you always had a facility for recalling details of conversations that took place many months ago?" Inouye* asked. "I would Ijke to start with the President of the United States," Dean replied. "It was not a regular activity for me to go in and visit with the President. It is not a regular occasion for most Americans to visit with the President, or most members of the White House staff. "When you meet with the President of the United States, it's a very momentous occasion and you tend to remember what he says." Senator Confused Inouye told reporters just before the start of today's hearing that he had talked with Buzhardt 10 minutes earlier and was told Nixon had been "briefed" on the questions. "Mr. Buzhardt said he would like for me to ask them (the questions)," Inouye said. John W. Dean III, with his wife by his side, began his fourth day of testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee today. The FourihDay^of Testimony rr'-* ">\ White House has charged, through Democratic Sen. Daniel Inouye, that Dean was the "principal actor" in the scandal cover-up. Defense Secretary Approved See 6 Dean'(Continued on page 35) Nixon Didn't See Memo SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (UPI) — President Nixon took no part in writing the memo accusing John W. Dean III of masterminding the Watergate coverup, and it should not be regarded as a definitive White House statement, according to a spokesman for the President. The statement was prepared by H. Fred Buzhardt, the President's legal counsel—the office Dean once held—from material supplied by "others," Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren said Wednesday. Nixon Briefed Nixon did not see nor approve it. before it was sent to the Senate Watergate Committee, but was briefed on it Wednesday, Warren said. Warren said the memo, which described Dean as the "principal author of the political and constitutional crisis" brought on by the cover-up, should not be regarded as a "definitive statement of position by the White House." He said it was incorrect to call it "a substitute for cross- examination of Mr. Dean by the President of the United States," the description given it by Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, who read the memo at the Senate hearing at the request of the White House. Would 'Serve No Purpose' Nixon feels it would "serve no purpose for seeking the truth" for him to speak out now on Dean's charges, Warren said. "While the hearings are in progress it would not be beneficial to the committee, or the White House, for us to respond piecemeal ... There will be more testimony, more questions, it would not help," Warren said. The President is spending very little time on Watergate, Warren said, delegating the responsibility to his lawyers and devoting his energies to the other matters before him. Instead, Warren said, he was being kept informed through summaries of the proceedings. His family, however, was glued to TV sets. Chief of Staff Alexander M. Haig and Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler appeared to be emerging as the President's closest advisers in the rebuilding of the Watergate-shattered White House staff. Where To Fiiul It 4 SECTIONS 40 PAGES Abingdon 35 Amusement - 6 Bushnell 7 Business News 10 Classified Ads ..36-37-38-39 Comics-Radio — 28 Editorial 4 Galva — — 7 Hospital Notes 11 Knoxville 35 Markets —. 30 Monmouth 29 Obituary U Sports 33-34 Weather - 2 Women la the News 13-14-15 WASHINGTON (U P I) James R. Schlesinger won Senate confirmation as secretary of Defense today, the fourth man in six months to head the Pentagon as part of a post-Watergate reshuffling of top government personnel. President Nixon nominated him for the job May 10 after Schlesinger- served for six months as director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The Senate gave its approval after Sen. William Proxmire, D-Wis., withdrew his objections Drunk Annoys Pub Keepers YORK, England (UPI) Pub keepers are annoyed because the York Arts Festival flew in Kevin O' Mahoney, 51, an Irishman, to play the role of a drunk in the opera Katya Kabanova. Festival director Gavin Henderson contended that York men who auditioned for tiie role did not look drunk enough. But pub keeper Vincent Coulson who is president of Britain's Licensed Victuallers Association, disagreed. "Its ridiculous to say they couldn't find anyone in York to be a drunkard," he said. to the 44-year-old former university professor. Proxmire had held up action on the nomination because Schlesinger had testified during confirmation . hearings by the Senate Armed Services Com mittee that he supported U.S, bombing of Cambodia and that he would not hesitate to recommend renewal of air strikes in North and South Vietnam as well as Laos in the event of a major Communist violation of January's cease-fire accords. Nixon turned to Schlesinger, a recognized expert on weapons systems, 10 days after he announced that he was shifting Elliot L. Richardson from the Pentagon to attorney general to take charge of the Justice Department's Watergate investigation. Richardson replaced Melvin R. Laird as head of the Defense Department, the largest in the federal government. Laird recently returned to the Nixon administration, assuming the post of chief domestic affairs adviser to the President. Oil Companies, Government in Sparring Match By United Press International If the government forces the major oil companies to separate their oil drilling and refining interests from their filling stations, some oil companies ithink it would reduce competition and In the long run mean even higher prices. But James T. Halverson, director <»f the Federal Trade Commission's bureau of competition, tmd Sen. Thomas J. MdiUyrc, D-N.H., who has introduced legislation to prohib­ it oil firms from marketing refined oil products, say the opposite is the case. The two sides were In sharp disagreement Wednesday and set the scene for a court fight reminiscent of that Involving the major Hollywood film studios 30 years ago, when the motion pictui'enmakers were forced to sell off their large chains of movie theaters. But several oil company spokesman said off the record that tiieir industry is based on different conditions—and in any case lias vastly more power than Hollywood ever had. Halverson said the structure of the oil industry—whereby huge companies get the oil from the earth, refine it, and then market it In retail gas stations—is anticompetitive and lias lieJped create the gasoline shortage. Halverson, testifying before a Senate judiciary subcommittee, said the oil industry is so "highly concentrated at the refinery level" that there are "overwhelming" barriers to smaller firms trying to break into the refinery business. He hinted—but did not actually say—that his staff would recommend an antitrust suit against the major oil firms. The Washington Star-News re- jwrted such a suit against eight firms would be recommended. One of the eight firms mentioned in the Star-News rejwt, Exxon Corp., said forcing the oil firms to sell their retail outlets would mean less competition, fewer products, fewer innovations and higher prices. "The present is one which will produce long-term benefits to consumers, dealers, jobbers and suppliers," the spokesman said. Off the record, other oil company spokesmen vowed an intense legal war if the govenunetvt tried to force them to separate oil drilling and refining from retailing. Sorry No Gas "Sorry no gas . . . Do me a favor . . . call your Congress* man," reads the hand-printed sign on an empty gas pump in Gettysburg, S. 1). "No gas" signs are on pumps at five of the town's eight stations. Those open are limiting purchases to five gallons. UNIFAX

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