Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 1, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Tuesday, October 1, 1963
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.4. Solesburo Reoister-Mail, Galesburo, III. Tues., Oct 1, 1963 •Now There's Talk They'll Pool Their Forces' New EDITORIAL Comment . and Review NASA's Year of Trouble The National Aeronautics and Space Administration celebrates its fifth anniversary this Tuesday, with its goal of landing a man on the moon before 1970 definitely in jeopardy. Technical and budgetary problems, plus the questions raised by President Kennedy's Sept. 20 proposal of a joint U. S.-Soviet moon expedition, give substance to the statement by NASA boss James E. Webb that "This is the year of trouble." Trouble is a relative thing, however, and the space agency is not exactly starved for funds. NASA started in business on Oct. 1, 1958, with a staff of 8,400 people from the old National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and the Navy's Vanguard program. Today the agency has more than 30,000 people on its payroll. Its first budget totaled $339 million for fiscal year 1959. Congress has authorized $5.35 billion — 1,6 times as much — for fiscal 1964, Voices, now are being raised to ask whether the investment of $20 billion to land a man on the moon can be justified, particularly since the Russians appear to have dropped out of the running. One observer figured out that it will take all the federal taxes from 5,600,000 factory workers earning the national average of $92 a week to get up this kind of money in the next seven years. And NASA's next public spectacle — the first manned orbital flight of the two-man Gemini spacecraft — has been put off until late 1964 at the earliest. We Hear You Heavens knows, the thousands of reporters elbowing each other in Washington fill our newspapers, magazines and airwaves with information about our government's activities, and it's a humble official indeed who can't get his views into print. But our leaders are dissatisfied. Not long after the Department of Agriculture set up its own news wire as a free service which can be withdrawn from any user who displeases it, President Kennedy is reported to have suggested a coordinated government information service somewhat on the same lines. Lee Lovenger, head of the Federal Communications Commission, about the same time was suggesting that broadcasters dump the old reliable United Press International and Associated Press and set up their own news-gathering co-operative. This would result in three weaker services, duplicating coverage but forced to curtail the expenses of gathering news around the civilized and not-so-civilized world. As every editor knows, anyone knows how to cover news better than those who do it, or at least everyone seems to think he knows. Some undoubtedly could. But Washington has provided a record that shows it is unusually disqualified in the field. Certainly the Agriculture Department's own reputation for objectivity went down the drain in the farmers' wheat election when it virtually commandeered air time to campaign for the controls program. Its wire service could scoop the nation the next time the Department looses a few million tons of grain or gets taken by the next Billie Sol Estes, but somehow we doubt that the citizens will hear such news first from that source. The Labor Department, which "erred" by millions in its estimate of unemployment just before a Congressional election (an error favorable to the administration, as it chanced) could contribute little to public confidence in any "co-ordinated" information service. And, considering some of the appointments made lately, we shouldn't be surprised if Arthur Sylvester of the Defense Department, who became famous when he asserted the government's right to "manage the news," were appointed director of the project. Congress should get busy and pass Rep. Hosmer's bill banning any such activity. "The trouble with education is Complete that sentence in 25,000 words or less. Next to charades, appraising education is just about the most popular game we play in America. Every parent seenia to come equipped with a complete set of prejudices on the subject of education. Press the button and the debate starts. The professionals are no different. After an exhausting workshop, one teacher emerged with the whole thing neatly solved in one sentence: "The trouble with education is that no two educators can agree on what education is." There is available at least one fairly comprehensive summary of the overall aims of the schools. It was compiled by the National Educational Association, the professional society of teachers and school officials. For the purposes of the summary, they say a student should be given an opportunity— • To develop vocational understanding Art h Long . • . and attitudes and salable skills for making a living. • To develop and maintain good health. • To understand better the rights and duties of citizenship. • To understand better how to have a successful and happy home life. • To learn how to buy intelligently. • To understand the methods and basic facts of our advanced science program designed specifically for the space age. • To develop appreciation of the beauty of nature. • To be better trained in the use of leisure time. • To have belter insight into ethical values and principles, including respect for other (and older) people. • To develop ability to think rationally, to express themselves clearly and to read with understanding. You might like to clip the above and take it to the next party or get-together. It should get the evening off to a line start. "The trouble with education is. . . ," Prompts Meditation After 'Pugwash By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN BACK IN the middle Nineteen Fifties that eminent capitalist, Cyrus Eaton of Cleveland, Chip, invited scientists from both sides of the Iron Curtain to meet in conference at his ancestral home in Pugwash, Nova Scotia. Since then there has been a "Pugwash" Conference every year, though they have usually been held in parts of the world that are quite distant from Canada. The 1963 "Pugwash" meeting has just finished its deliberations at Dubrovnik, in Yugo-. slavia, where, according to reports, all was amity betweeh the western scientists and their opposite numbers from the Soviet Union. "Tensions," so the scientists said, had disappeared. Since Eaton has been advocating deals and understandings with the Soviets ever since' Khrushchev sent him a troika (three Russian horses and a carriage) back in the days when John Foster Dulles was our wary Secretary of State, the extreme*' ly amiable llth Pugwash meet' Ing represents a personal triumph for the 86-year*old iron ! Old Cyrus can how say, "1 told Old Cyrus can now saw, "1 told you so." After all, the Nuclear Test Ban has been sighed; the country of his nativity, Canada,' has just ,sold its Wheat surplus, to Khrushchev to save the Russians from short bread ratibris; and in Washington, the groundwork is evidently being laid tot a grain deal with Russia on our own. It is quite apparent that much,of the foreign policy of the West is being recast in accordance with Eaton's prescribed outlines. IF THIS represents wisdom, then a lot of us owe an apology to old Cyrus. It wasn't so long ago that we were accusing him of willingness to traffic beyond all safety with an evil international menace. But now that Republican senators from our farm states are joining with Democrat- Jib senators to advocate unloading millions of bushels of grain for good Soviet gold, bid Cyrus is moving in quite, distinguished company. > Indeed, If it be Wisdom to make deals with the Soviets, Eaton might appiy for gold star mem* bership in the guild of the prophets. His has been the most grand- Oise vision of a glorious East- West reapprochement. A brilliant enterpriser in the field of uncovering new and promising iron ore deposits, Cyrus Eaton long ago nailed down the title to a virgin ore field in Ungava, in northern Quebec. The Ungava iron is too far away from Buffalo and Cleveland to compete with ore from more southerly mining areas, but Eaton has put a transcendent value on the Ungava deposits for all that. In his Napoleonic imagination he has envisioned the Ungava ore flowing across the lop of the world to the Krupp works in West Germany, there to be transform­ ed into finished steel products for shipment to the Soviet Union. THIS VISION has been part of Eaton's larger dream of a great Moscow - Bonn » Paris - London * Washington entente. And if it be respectable to think that the Canadian wheat deal is merely the first swallow of a long period of summer in East-West relations, then Eaton is merely the oldest, boldest, most farsighted of the new order of visionaries. Let us not rush off to endorse the visionaries, however, in any mad haste. Let us remember, at least for a day or two, the cries of those Hungarians as the Russian tanks moved in upon them to snuff out the dream of freedom only a few short years ago. Let us see, in our collective mind's eye the shapes of the atomic missiles that Khrushchev was busy unloading in Cuban ports just a little over a year back. Let us hear, in our dreams, the explosion of FALN bombs in Caracas, Venezuela—bombs that have been just is lethal a* the dynamite that murdered (lie kids in that Negro church in Btamtftg- ham, Alabama.. Finally, for those of us who are non-farmers, we have an interest in that wheat which the farm state senators, whether Re* publican or Democrat, want to sell to Russia. The subsidy paid to the farmers who raised that wheat has, in effect, been hi* jacked from the pockets of pea* pie who have no interest in helping Khrushchev maintain the oppression of his own farmers. I want a pro rata tax refund of subsidy money on any wheat that goes to Moscow. SINCE justice cries out against making any deals with Khrushchev before he has moved to liberalize his own society and free his satellite slaves, I doubt the wisdom of rushing to accept Cyrus Eaton as a prophet. And so I won't apologize to him — just yet. Let him show me; first, that he can reform Khrushchev. Only 'State 9 Failed to Read Signs Rightly By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - There were precious few experts who did not foresee months ago the likelihood of a takeover by anti-communist military men in the Dominican Republic. Thero is only one trouble: these precious few occupy sixth floor offices in the State Department's palatial headquarters at Foggy Bottom. FOR MONTHS there have been persistent reports that Dominican leaders who had helped knock off Dictator Rafael Trujillo were dismayed at the soft-on-communism attitude evidenced by President Juan Bosch. Representative Armistead Selden, the well-informed chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Latin America, warned in June that the Reds were moving in to positions of trust. Communist operatives, he said, were making "inroads into the police, the labor unions, the schools and student groups." He quoted Hal Hendrdx, Pulitzer Prize winning reporter, to the effect that "subtle and peaceful communist penetration of the Dominican Republic is progressing wih incredible speed and efficiency." On July 13, Bosch met with a group of top-raking military officers at the San Isidro airbase. They begged him to crack down on the communist agents who roamed the nation. They cited Article 67 of the constitution and offered Bosch their full support for any measures he might adopt. Bosch refused, lecturing them on his own peculiar concept of "democracy." TWO DAYS later, he went on nationwide television to ridicule the military: "We are affirmative — not negative. If the armed forces persist, they must look for someone else to rule because I am not willing to lead a dictatorship — total or partial." He accused two highly respected military figures, an air force chaplain and an air force judge advocate, of plotting against him. He "busted" both. When the priest asked Bosch to substantiate his charges, all he go was stony silence. Bosch steadfastly refused to oppose the Reds. He readily granted permission for Dominican communists to fly to Cuba for Fidel Castro's 26th of July celebration. Leaders of the democratic left as well as right began to attack Bosch. Juan Isidro Jimines-Grullon of the Social Democratic Alliance and-Horacio Julio Ornes of the Revolutionary Vanguard, both of whom had supported Bosch for president last December, turned against him. They charged Bosch had crawled in bed with the communists and now planned civil war. They were distrustful of Bosch's left-hand man, Angel Miolan, who was for 10 years the confidant of Vincente Lombardo Toledano, the Mexican Red. • * * OHIO 'S Bob Taft Jr. will give up his Congressman-at-large post next year to go after a seat in the U. S. Senate. He will enter the campaign confident that Republicans can score their biggest victory since 1952, when Dwight Eisenhower rolled over Adlai Stevenson and Republicans receptured the House and Senate. Taft sees many parallels between 1952 and 1964: 1. Then we were involved in Korea in "an Asian stew where the enemy operated from sanctuary and there could be no victory. Today we face a similar situation in the mess in Vietnam." 2. "Recently we have seen the replacement of Admiral George Anderson and the muzzling of military leaders who disagreed with administration policies. In 1951, we had seen the removal of that great American, General Douglas MacArthur, because he told the truth about Korea." 3. By 1952, U. S. policies had lost China to the Communist world. "Today our abandonment of the Monroe Doctrine and our pusillanimous acceptance of Communist influence in Cuba and elsewhere in the hemisphere threatens the even more devastating loss of Latin America." 4. On the domestic scene vast federal spending had brought about inflation and a threat to our fiscal stability. "Today under the same profligate policies we face another round of inflation. , • 5. In 1962, the cost of living had risen l\k points over the previous year. "Present policies and tendencies indicate a likelihood of a similar rise in the near future unless some sanity is restored to our spending policies." Copyright 1963 Monetary Shoals Menace Free World's Unwary By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — A lot of big words about "monetary reform" are beginning to appear in the papers. This will continue for some days. It will.be a big topic of discussion before the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, whose annual meetings are in Washington. But to the average citizen, the phrase monetary reform will have only a vague association with devaluing the dollar, changing the price of gold or maybe even setting up some new kind of funny money. These are worrisome ideas, only vaguely connected with family finances or the purchasing power of a pay check applied to the cost of living. It is almost impossible to con­ vert the complexities of interna-* tional finance into everyday parallels. But at the risk of oversimplification, this one can be illustrated by starting with an assumption that a solvent family needs two things. It needs enough cash to cover current operating expenses and it needs reserves or credit that can bedr/awn on to meet extraordinary expenses. A family in this financial situation is said to be in good liquid condition. Similarly, nations engaged in trade and friendly relations with each other need cash and need reserves. Sometimes Country A will buy an unusual amount of goods from Country B. If Country A can then quickly convert some of its reserves into the currency of Country B, it can pay THE DOCTOR SAYS: Scarlet Fever's Impact Reduced By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M. D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Q—How is scarlet fever transmitted'.' Can it be carried on postcards, letters, or by an adult who had the disease as a child? A—Scarlet fever and the related diseases, septic sore throat and erysipelas, may be transmitted by direct contact with a person who has the disease or by a healthy person who harbors the hemolytic tYP e .of streptococcus in his nasal passages. It is unlikely that transmission would occur through handling a postcard or letter, and it would not be transmitted by an adult who had had the disease unless he was a carrier. The disease is not as severe as it was many years ago. Penicillin has done much to limit the duration of the illness, prevent the development of the carrier state and control the spread of the disease. Isolation of patients, formerly required for four weeks, is now required for only one week. The disinfection of bedding is readily accomplished by thorough cleaning and sunning. Ail in all, the disease is no longer a serious cause of death. Q—For many years I have had attacks of blurred vision with zigzagging semicircles in front of my eyes. This lasts about half an hour and is followed by a severe headache. What causes this and is there any remedy? A— You have given a perfect description of migraine. In some persons the episode of blurred vision is followed not only by a severe one-sided headache, but also by vomiting. Heredity or al­ lergy may be factors in the cause, but in many victims no cause can be found. A relatively new drug, methysergide (San- sert), is effective in preventing this type of headache. It can be obtained only on a doctor's prescription. Q—For the past few years I have been taking tablets daily to control spasms in my chest muscles. What could cause these spasms? My doctor says there's nothing wrong with my heart. A—Muscle spasms can occur anywhere in the body, but are not often seen in the chest muscles. If your- doctor found nothing seriously wrong with you, nervous tension probably plays a large part in causing your spasms. If after several years of taking medicine to control them the spasms are still present, I think you should omit the tablets for a while and see whether they were really doing you any good. You can always go back to them again if necessary. Q— Where can I obtain some pamphlets on the venereal diseases? A—This is a subject of ever- increasing importance. You can get the information you want from the American Social Health Assn. (1790 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 10019). Also the United States Public Health Service puts out pamphlets which you can get through your city, county or state health department. its bills and is said to be in a good liquid condition. ALL THE DEBATE about monetary reform now going on is concerned with maintaining ample liquidity in foreign exchange for transacting the free world's business affairs. Many nations have been holding their reserves in U. S. dollars the last few years because dollars are readily convertible. • But the 'United States also has been spending millions of dollars abroad for military aid and foreign development loans. This has created a dollar shortage and a U. S. balance of payments deficit. And that has brought on demands for reform of' the international monetary system. fit is primarily a problem for world bankers and governments. But the general public needs to have a basic understanding of it, too. As the principal financial and trading nation, the United States wants to continue generating an adequate supply of dollars for conduct of the world's expanding business. U. S. OFFICIALS MAINTAIN that an adequate supply of dollars is now being maintained by an intricate system of swaps and borrowings of each other's currency reserves. But difficulties are foreseen when the United States overcomes its balance of payments deficit. State Department and Treasury officials won't make any public estimates of when this might be. An independent study made for the Congressional Economic Committee by Brookings Institution puts the date five years away — in 1968. What American officials are hoping, without appearing to push the idea too forcefully as a U. S. master plan, is that the International Monetary Fund at its forthcoming meeting will authorize a study of the problem for the coming year. Then, 'at the 1964 IMF meeting — 20 years after its founding at Bi'etton Woods, when its charter comes up for periodic review every fifth year — any needed changes can be made in its organization to take care of long- range developments. (Jalesburg I^gisfer-Mai! Office 140 South Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mai) Exchange 342-8161 Entered -is Second Clan Matter at the Poet Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress of M^-"h S. 1819. Daily except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera) Manager M. a. Kddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay .-Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York. Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Philadelphia, Charlotte. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEK ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AF new« dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City of Galesburg 35c a Week. By RFD mall in out ratal) trading zone: 1 Year #10.00 B Months 93.50 6 Months * 6.00 1 Month %\M No mall subscriptions accepted In towns wbere there Is established newspaper boy delivery. By Carrier In retail trading COM outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois. Iowa and Missouri and by motor route In retail trading zona. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months §3.71 6^ Months $ 7.00 1 Month fl38_ By mall outside Illinois, towa and Missouri 1 Year f18.00 8 Months {5.00 6 Months $ 0.50 1 Month 12.00 Crossword Puzzzle Motorist's Yarn Answer to Previous Pinsto In large dinosaurs, it would have taken an appreciable amount of time for a nerve impulse to travel up the trunk to the brain and back again, with consequent problems in co-ordination. In certain types of dinosaurs, the spinal cord shows an enlargement in the hip region, larger than the brain, indicating a high development of local reflexes. ACROSS IHub 4 Traffic watchers 8 Tire out 12 Hail 13 a cab 14 Drive through the country 15 Correlative of neither 16 Anatolia 18 Grimaced 20 Idolize 21 "King" Cole 22 Marine flyer 24 Pig sties 26 Bewildered 27 Bitter vetch 50 Each 32 Fountain nymph 34 Stops 35 Gentleness 36 Conger 37 Scepters 39 Depots (ab.) 40 Motorist may use it 41 Pronoun 42 Ocean currents 45 Cotton fabrics 49 Deduction 51 Eagle (comb, form) 52 Twining stem 53 Finnish name 54 Scottish negative 55 Employer 56 Asterisk 67 Sterner («b.) DOWN 1 Containers 2 Shakespearean stream 3 Tree for one 4 Cartograpb $Fieacb river 6 Flocks of lions 7 Body of water 8 Female newlywed 9 Paraguayan measure 10 Smell 11 Existed 17 to find a parking space 19 Alleviates 23 Staggers 24 Step 25 Blade used in fencing 26 Fable narrator 27 Natives of Eritrea 28 Cosmic .order 29 Utters 31 Color 33 Follow after 38 Arid region 40 Apostle^ 41Mustelin» mammal 42 Ostracized 43 Wading bird 44 Hamlet for on* 46 Feminine appeUatloa 47 , rfdy 48 One WOO (suffix) 60 Feast day (comb, form) , r WSWSr-AW* UNT ^PjtisB ASSN.

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