Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 30, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Monday, September 30, 1963
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4 , jSafesburfl Reflister*Mail ( Galesburg, HI.Mon„ Sept. 30, 1963 'Must Be Laud Around Here Somewhere 5 EDITORIAL Comment and Review Surrender at Munich 25 Years Ago "A great war can hardly be avoided any longer," Field Marshal Hermann Goering of the Third German Reich told an associate on Black Wednesday, Sept. 28, 1938. "It may last seven years and we will win it." Goering was proved wrong, largely because of a fearful British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, and a befuddled French Premier, Edouard Daladier, and their incredible capitulation to the demands of Adolf Hitler at a meeting on Sept. 29 in the baroque Bavarian city of Munich. World War II was not to break out for almost a year. In London 25 years ago trenches were being dug and school children were being sent to the country. Paris was a vast jam of motor traffic and there were mob scenes at its railway stations. Germans fled from the French, Belgian, Netherlands border region. Hospitals were being prepared for war casualties. For at 2 o'clock on the afternoon of Sept. 28 the time limit of Czechoslovakia's acceptance of Hitler's ultimatum on the Su- detenland would run out. Hitler at the behest of Benito Mussolini, Italian dictator, accepted at the last minute a proposal of Prime Minister Chamberlain for a four-power conference on the Czechoslovakian question. At noon on Sept. 29, Hitler, Mussolini, Chamberlain and Daladier met in Munich. Hitler, as host in the Fuehrerhaus in the Konigsplatz, was a conqueror. Chamberlain and Daladier, in the words of William L. Shirer, "fairly fell over themselves to agree with" the Nazi fuehrer. Czechoslovakia, which was about to be dismembered, was not represented at the conference. Hitler got from Chamberlain and Dala­ dier virtually everything that had been denied to him before. The first German troops were to enter the Sudetenland on Oct. 1. The Czechs were notified as to what was expected of them after the deal was consummated. Grasping his much-publicized umbrella, Neville Chamberlain returned to London to promise "peace in our time." The real meaning of Munich was that Germany took over 11,000 square miles of Czechoslovakia in which dwelt 2.8 million Su­ deten Germans and 800,000 Czechs. Lost to the Allied cause was a vast fortifications bastion which German generals later admitted they could have breached only at great cost, also the Czech heavy industrial and munitions complex, including the Skoda works, also 21 regular Czech divisions and 15 or 16 second- line divisions already mobilized. France, which had pledged herself to defend Czechoslovakia against aggression, had almost a hundred divisions. Hitler could afford only five regular and seven reserve German divisions for operations in the West. And there is good reason to believe that if Britain and France had stood their ground, Hitler's own generals would have overthrown him. Nor did the 11 months bought by Munich advantage the West, only beginning to arm, as much as it did the German Reich, whose plants had already begun to spew forth a flood of munitions. For all the frenzy of enthusiasm with which Britons greeted Neville Chamberlain on his return from Munich, certainly the embattled Winston Churchill was speaking a great truth when he told the House of Commons "We have sustained a total and unmitigated defeat." Selassie of Ethiopia Feudal monarch he may be, but many Americans have a warm spot in their hearts for Haile Selassie, the Emperor of Ethiopia who begins a state visit in Washington on Tuesday. The sympathetic image was formed during Italy's brutal invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 when Selassie pleaded in vain for effective action by the League of Nations. And it is remembered that Ethiopia sent 1,000 soldiers to fight under the United Nations Command in Korea. Selassie himself has such pro-American tastes as a liking for Coca-Cola and milk shakes, and he listens to Voice of America broadcasts. The 71-year-old monarch claims direct descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. He has been in power since Nov. 2, 1930, except for five years spent in exile during the Italian occupation. Nevertheless, the political and social ferment in Africa almost Steady Jobs NEW YORK (UPI)-Of every 10 workers employed in January, 1963, three had been with the same employer or business for more than 10 years and one out of these three had obtained his present job before World War II, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Degree Pays NEW YORK (UPD-The average income oi men with a college degree is on the verge of reaching $10,000 a year. The figure crossed $9,500 a year in 1961 and has been going up steadily, the Institute of Life Insurance reports. terminated his authoritarian regime three years ago. While the emperor was touring South America, the Imperial Household Guard in Addis Ababa sprung a coup d'etat. Selassie's son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, broadcast that he was assuming power because "the people of Ethiopia have waited for a long time with patience in the hope that they would be free some day of oppression, poverty and ignorance." Forces loyal to Selassie crushed the revolt within 48 hours. The crown prince later was exhonerated, as having acted "under duress." Yet this challenge to Selassie's authority, combined with a humiliating U.N. report showing that Ethiopia had a higher percentage of illiteracy than all except one or two African countries, did accelerate evolution and progress. Haile Selassie I University- Ethiopia's first in 3,000 years of history—was founded with American help. The largest U.S. Peace Corps contingent sent to any nation— 244 members—arrived in Ethiopia a year ago. Selassie has said his greatest concern is that Ethiopia set African nations a good example of economic and social progress. And he dreams of "awakening the African giant . . . in pursuit of a single African brotherhood." As honorary president of the "summit conference" on African unity in Addis Ababa last May, Selassie struck a note of moderation. African states should be liberated from foreign control, he said, but it was necessary to live with the former colonialists "without recrimination or bitterness, vengeance or reprisals." Time for the 'Yes-Butters' in Ban Treaty Hassle By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE TEST BAN TREATY 1s now part of our world, and taken by itself I persist in thinking it a desirable thing. The chance that Russia might, in the absence of further atmospheric testing, beat us to producing an effective antimissile missile or a means of jamming military communications systems on a continental and oceanic scale seems really remote. This may testify to my technological innocence, but I haven't seen anything yet that would indicate that either side is on the trail of either the absolute nuclear weapon or the absolute anti-weapon. Furthermore, it is not in the cards that the United States and the Soviet Union will ever fight an atomic war no matter what is done in the realm of further testing. An atomic struggle would bring two sets of "overkill" into action—and the peoples who live at the ends of the earth, far away from what would become the smoking and poisoned sham* bles of the east European "heartland" and the North American continent, would live to capitalize on the disappearance of two monster world powers. Assuming there is an iota of self-interest in Soviet Russia and in the United States, neither Khrushchev nor' John F. Kennedy will ever press a button that would effectively hand the world over to the Red Chinese. HOWEVER, if the lest ban merely recognizes the fact of a mutual atomic checkmate, it exposes the U. S. to all manner of psychological dangers. We are already hearing that there must be a "further" relaxation of tensions. The thought of this is alluring, but the terms are not defined. Tensions, we know by the example of people in madhouses, can be relaxed by the cultivation of illusions. Or they can be relaxed on one side by exploiting the tensions of the other side. The danger is that the American peace movement, which has al* ways been soft-headed, will prove strong enough to win the day for a safety-through-illusion victory. As a peace-loving soul, I would gladly have my own political tensions relaxed. Then I could apply for a pleasant job covering the New York Mets. However, Illusions have never appealed to me, and I should hate to lose that tense feeling merely because I have been put on the receiving end of one of Khrushchev's one- two punches. It seems to me that in this time of incipient euphoria, the diplomacy of our country should take the precaution of becoming iron-hard. It is, in short, a time for a schedule of "yes- buts." LET US make a stab at formulating such a schedule: 1. Yes, we should take advantage of the crop failure in the Soviet Union. But if we are go­ ing to sell wheat to Russia we should get more than gold or dollars in exchange. We might offer a certain amount of wheat on condition that free farming, with private ownership of acreage, be restored in all the captive nations of Eastern Europe. We might offer still more wheat if free farming were to be restored in Russia itself. 2. Yes, we should have more reciprocal movement of journalists, tourists, students, artists, athletes and technicians across borders. But we should insist that movement inside the borders really be free. When Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman returned recently from an 18-day trip to the Soviet Union without having been let in on the secret that the Russian wheat lands weren't producing, it was, to put it mildly, a little ridiculous. 3. Yes, WP should have a detente on Berlin and Eastern Europe. But in exchange for rec­ ognizing a "neutral" belt stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea, we* should insist that the Berlin WaK come down and the Germans be allowed to unify on their own uninhibited terms. Moreover, the new East European "neutrals" should be permitted the free elections that were originally promised in the Yalta deal. 4. Yes, we should be willing to sign a comprehensive non-aggression pact with Khrushchev. But not until he has taken his minions out of Cuba, dismantled his fifth columns everywhere, and denounced the sly tactic of encouraging "indigenous" revolutions under the name of Titoism. THIS IS just scratching the surface of the "yes-buts." Let's hear from a hundred million other "yes-butters" in the United States. Given a sixth or a seventh crop failure (and don't think he won't have it), Khrushchev must some day be disposed to listen. Copyright 1963 Young GOPs Chafe at Rooky's New Interest By FULTON LEWIS, JR. WASHINGTON — Not until recently has Nelson Rockefeller, who first entered politics at the age of 50, shown much interest in Young Republican affairs. Three times (1959, 1961 and 1963) he rejected invitations to address the YR national convention. On July 14, little more than a month after the third such conclave he had refused to attend, Rocky issued an exaggerated statement in which he charged that "well-financed extremist" elements had taken over the YR's. RADICAL RIGHT lunatics, he said, successfully engineered a disgraceful subversion of YR principles in electing a Goldwater conservative, Donald "Buz" Lukens, national chairman. The governor was promptly repudiated by a group of Young Re­ publican Congressmen who had been present at San Francisco. Rep. Bill Brock and Ed Foreman, among others,' issued statements sharply critical of Rockefeller's analysis. YR delegates, including many who had supported Lukens' opponent, Charles McDevitt, wrote Rocky to set the record straight. The governor was silent. Then, on Meet the Press two weeks ago, he renewed his attack on the right-wing fanatics who allegedly seized control of the YR's. Now Rockefeller is again condemned, this time by several former Young Republican national chairmen. They include: John Ashbrook, the articulate young Congressman from Ohio's 17th District; Kansas banker Ned Cushing; and Herbert Warburton, a former official in the Eisenhower administration. THE ONLY recent YR chairman who did not endorse the criticism of Rockefeller is Charley McWhorter, a New York lawyer active in Rocky's GOP organization. The YR chairmen were blunt: "Gov. Rockefeller erred in indicating that the San Francisco convention Was ruled by the radical right." They referred to a YR platform that was conservative, not radical, which did not advocate repeal of the income tax, withdrawal from the UN, or impeachment of Earl Warren. Note: Rockefeller's frequent target, current YR Chairman "Buz" Lukens, saved the governor from severe embarrassment a week ago when members of the Young Republican executive committee met in Chicago for their first meeting since San Francisco. They were angry at Rockefeller for his frontal attacks on the YR's. They were strong in advocating passage of a resolution censuring Rockefeller for his stands. It was Lukens who urged that the motion be tabled as it might be constructed as a divisive meas- use. • * * REPUBLICAN CONG R E S S- MEN who represent upstate New York say Gov. Rockefeller's popularity has plummeted badly in their districts. This is the finding of Edwin Safford, highly respected Washington correspondent for the Syracuse Post Standard. Safford interviewed four GOP Congressmen from the Syracuse area and learned that all four have written off Rocky as a Presidential prospect. Explained one: "He is a dead duck. The remarriage hurt him with the women in my district. His state income tax reversal also seems to have turned many against him." Said another: "The plain truth is his name is mud in my district. I spoke to a lot of party workers and they just do not have a high opinion of him as a winner." Safford quotes one Representative as saying anti-Rockefeller sentiment is also noticeable among his colleagues in Washington. Only last year, the Congressman explained, Rockefeller was talked of by mid-West Republicans as the almost-certain GOP nominee in 1964. "It is a long time since that has happened, though," he says. "Now these same people are for Goldwater." Copyright 1963. Directory of Right Wingers Gains 1,154 Listings By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — /Any idea that "right wing" movements in the United States are not increasing is challenged by a new directory which contains 1,154 previously unlisted conservative organizations. They are found in a yellow- backed, 20-page supplement to the "First National Directory of 'Rightist' Groups, Publications and Some Individuals in the United States." The fourth edition of the directory in 1962 contained 2,066 listings. But assuming that each group or leader has 1,000 followers, there still would be only a few more than three million adherents of the new total of 3,220 conservative causes listed in the new book. Compiler of these directories is the Alert Americans Assn. It 1- s a somewhat shadowy organization operating from P. O. Box 1222, Los Angeles 53, Calif. Letters of inquiry to this address are not answered. But orders for the original directory and the new supplement at $2 each are filled by The Noontide Press, P. O. Box 713, Sausalito, Calif. Stephen Worcester Goodyear, onetime associate of Gerald L. K. Smith, has been identified with both enterprises. AN UNSIGNED, penned note on the supplement copy sent this reporter, answering his query, says that the directory is "published for and by right wingers." It is widely used by organizations soliciting from or propagandizing conservative causes since it is the only mailing list of its kind available today. Many of the listings unquestionably come from organizations that have ordered the directory or have asked to be included. "The single thing in common with these listings," says a fore- ward to the new supplement, "is that they all represent a protest of some sort to prevailing 'leftist' political and/or social trends. "For this reason and chis reason alone, they are objectively grouped in this volume as 'rightists.' But it must be constantly THE MAILBOX U.S. Rails' Fine Job Editor, Register-Mail: An excellent article on the current dispute between rail management and labor recently appeared in the Chicago Tribune. After delving into the viewpoints of government, the public, the work force and management, the author reports the following facts which I found very interesting: "R. L. Terrell, vice president of General Motors Corp. and general manager of the Electro- Motive division, provided a small statistical table that did much to emphasize American railroad efficiency in comparison with the nationalized railroads of Europe. "The table showed that France operates 23,882 miles of track, moved goods in 1961 a total of 41 billion ton miles, had revenues of 829 million dollars, and had some 326,000 employes. Great Britain, with 18,430 miles of track, 21 billion ton miles, 682 million dollars in revenues, and a net loss of more than 420 million dollars, had 540,500 employes. "American railroads in 1961 op- The flegister-Mail welcomes considered, temperate, constructive expressions of opinion from its subscribers on current topics of local, regional, state anc national interest in the form of letters to the editors. The Register-Mail, however assumes no respozisibility for the opinio therein expressed Because ot space limitation letters should not exceed 200 words In length They will he subject to condensation. Any letters tacking a complete signature oi containing libelous or defamatory material will be rejected. No letters can be returned. erated 217,000 miles of track, more than all European countries combined. They moved 563 billion ton miles of goods, again more than all the combined roads. Revenues of the United States roads amounted to $7,738,556,071, about double the European roads' volume, and earned more than 382 million dollars for their shareholders compared with deficits for all European roads. "Furthermore, the American railroads achieved these excesses with only 717,543 employes, less than half the number of all (Continued on page 5) borne in mind that points of disagreement are virtually as common as points of agreement." As in the original directory, the range of interests revealed by names listed in the new supplement is extremely wide. THE ORGANIZATION with the largest number of listings is the 72 branches of the National Committee for Economic Freedom. This is Willis Stone's income tax repeal organization. Although no John Birch Society chapters are listed, nine of their affiliated American Opinion Libraries are given. Thirty newspapers and five colleges are listed. More than 60 churches are listed. At least 10 are identified as "Bible Presbyterian," which would connect them with Rev. Carl Mclntire's American Council of Christian Churches. There are five Baptist, two Catholic, three Methodist, three Church of God and other individual denominational listings. "Christian" is the first word of 24 listings. Nineteen begin with "Freedom" and 15 with "Conservative." There are 15 "Committees to—" Oppose Communist Merchandise, Investigate the State Department, Free Cuba, Organize Opposition to Negro Statutes, and Save America, etc. FOUR GOLDWATER CLUBS are listed, but none for Rockefeller. There are 12 "Republican" organizations listed, but no group is identified as "Democratic." The "Republican Congressional Committee Newsletter" of Washington is listed. The only other Congressional listing is Rep. James B. Utt, R- Calif., for his "Washington Report." The original directory listed 169 Republican and 71 Dem­ ocratic congressmen. A number of them were defeated in the 1962 elections. The first-term congressmen elected then have not been classified. Among the many intriguing listings are "The John Q. Society" of Memphis; "Gentiles, Inc. for Technocracy" of Oakland, Calif.; "United Better Dead Than Red" of Astoria, N. Y.; "Non - Communist Headquarters" of Odessa, Tex., and "Why, Why, Why?" of Port Angeles, Wash. Among the 20 -newly listed prominent individuals are Maj. Alex de Seversky, Charles Edison, Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker, Edith Kermit Roosevelt and Gen. Edwin A. Walker. Qalesburg Register -Mail Office 140 =>outn frame Street. Galesburg, Illinois rEUiHHUNfc NUMBER Register-Mai) Exchange 342-6161 Entered -s Secona Class Matter at tha Pott Office at Galesburg Illinois, under \ct of Congress of M-—n 3 \S19 Dally except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmlth— Publisher Charles Morrow .Editor and General Manager M. H tildy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing EditQT National Advertising Representative- Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New Yorx, Chicago, Detroit Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia. Charlotte MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF C1HCU1-ATIONS SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In City ol Galesburg 35c a Week By RFD mail In oui retail trading zone' 1 fear $10.00 S Month* 13.50 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month 11.25 No mall, subscriptions accepted In towns where there ts established newspaper boy delivery MEMBEh ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press ta entitled exclusively to the use or republication of aU the local news printed m this newspaper as well as all AP new« dispatches By Carrier in retail trading zona outside City ol Galeaburg. 1 week 30c By mail outside retail trading zone in Illinois. Iowa and Missouri and by motor route to retail trading zone 1 Year $13.00 3 Months «3.7I 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.26 By mail outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $l«.0O 3 Month* 15.00 8 Months S 9.50 1 Month 92.00 Oossword Puzzzle Answer to. Previous PimU Cats REMINISCING of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Monday, Sept. 29, 1913 Work on the concrete bridges over Cedar Fork or. North Academy and Prairie streets, was nearing completion. Hundreds of people gathered in Wiiliamsfield for the 11th annual horse show. A parade of the prize animals was conducted. Tuesday, Sept. 30, 1913 Herbert Childs, who was considered by many to be the world's champion whittler, gave an exhibition in the show window of the Churchill Hardware Co. Rebecca Parke Chapter of the DAR met in the home of Annette and Alice Smith. TWENTY YEARS AGO Wednesday, Sept. 29, 1943 The Dairy Industry Transportation Committee for Knox County met at the AAA office with Lyman Jennings in charge. Brian Donlevy was starring in the motion picture, "Hangman Also Die," at the West Theater. Thursday, Sept. 30, 1943 Kenneth Sallee was elected president of the Future Farmers of America at Galesburg High School. A class of 40 candidates was inducted by the Galesburg Eagles Lodge in ceremonies held at the home. ACROSS 1 Cougar 5 Male cat 8 Tailless cat 12 Astringent 13 Form of "to be" 14 Operatic name 15 Trick 16 Mothers (ab.) 17 Girl's name 18 Cat's condiment 20 Brazilian spotted cat 22 Greek mountain 23 Upon (prefix) 24 Sew loosely 2? Canon's stipend 81 Unite 32 Brought down S3 Fifty-two (Roman) 84 Annamese tied measure 85 Levantine ketch 36 Countenance 37 Soldier " 39 Perplexed 40 Feline animal 41 Salt 42 Italian commune 45 Of a clan 49 Object Qf devotion 50 Sturgeon ova 52 Spanish painter 53 Common (comb, form) 54 Sheep 55 Singing voice 56 Formerly 57 Indian v>ugbt 58 Ardor DOWN 1 Oyster bed (var.) 2 Hawaiian fisa 3 New wine 4 Pleasantness 5 Florida city 6 Openings (anat.) 7 Hypnotic 8 Central leaf . vein 9 Eager 10 Feminine appellation 11 Radiation' 19 Chemical suffix 29 Fastidious 41 Ox 21 Mimicked • 30 Regimen 42 Favorite Cat 24 Cat-headed god 32 Fourth Sunday food (Egypt) 25 Axillary 26 Swamp 27 Two 28 Greek underground (ab.) in Lent (pi.) ' 43 Silesian rive* 85 Ninei inches 44 Spanish noblet 36 Cat family 46 Formal dance «„<? 00l) . . 47 Albert* (ab.) 38 American Wild 48Afrlcan giant cat cat 89 Court 51 Bo in debt 4

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