Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 27, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, September 27, 1963
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4 Golesburg Register-Moil, Golesburg, III, Pri., Sept. 27, 1963 The Great Thaw EDITORIAL Comment and Review Blunder on the Right Some lawyers and specialists in federal- state relations are saying there is now virtually no likelihood any of the so-called "states' rights" amendments to the U.S. Constitution will make serious headway toward passage. In recent weeks they have been condemned by the American Bar Association and the National Association of Attorneys General (of the 50 states). ' The National Legislative Conference, a body of state legislators who last year started these amendments on their way, this summer took a wobbly stand whose net effect is • rated negative. The amendments, of course, are those which would 1) alter the constitutional amending process to make it easier for states (without participation of Congress) to initiate and ratify amendments; 2) bar the federal courts from any role in state legislative reapportionment; 3) create a special 50-member Court of the Union, superior to the U.S. Supreme Court, to hear cases involving federal-state relations. Roughly a dozen state legislatures have approved the first two, but only five have endorsed the Court of the Union. And relatively few legislatures will convene in 1964. Each proposal would have to have the endorsement of 34 state legislatures before it White Elephant Sale For $64 million, the U. S. can buy a fine, elevated freeway from the Indiana border to the heart of Chicago. For $80 million, it can buy the controlling interest in one of the world's greatest bridges. Sound like bargains? Hardly. The freeway is now a toll road which attracts so few motorists that it can't earn the interest on its bonds. The sellers are asking Congress to reimburse them for the mistake they made, and open the road up free of tolls. The bridge is the celebrated new Mackinac span, which is used by about six million people every year, and who pay toll of $3.75 per vehicle for the privilege. It should be a paying proposition at those prices, but Rep. Jap Plane Coming NEW YORK (UPI)-Japan is about to invade the U.S. civil aircraft market with the light twin-engine Mitsubishi monoplane. It is to be handled in this country by Mooney Aircraft Co. of Kerrville Tex. and to be offered with a choice of Canadian Pratt & Whitney PT-6 engines or French Turbomeca Astazous engines. Overseas Trade Lags Behind Country's Needs By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - President Kennedy's goal for a $2 billion or 10 per cent increase in U. S. exports to wipe out America's balance of payments deficit in 1964 was not equaled in 1962 and will not be achieved this year. This is the opinion of Fred C. Foy of Pittsburgh, board chairman of Koppers Co. and vice- chairman of the two-day White House Conference on Export Expansion. So the going for next year will be tough. But the drive to increase America's foreign trade now moves out of Washington and into the country with 39 Little White House Conferences on Export Expansion. These conferences will bo held within the next month by the 39 U. S. Department of Commerce field offices in co-operation with regional Export Expansion Councils. The 800 members of the Export could move on to the second stage in the present, more complex amending process. Yet even though chances are now regarded as slim that this will happen on any of these proposals, some persons continue to voice concern that they may somehow find new life in the months ahead. One such is Archibald Cox, U.S. Solicitor General. In a Washington talk, he deplored the proposal he said would "eliminate the national voice" from the constitutional amending process. Congress is that voice, and it is considered significant that all the existing 23 amendments to the U.S. Constitution were initiated by Congress—not the states. Under the proposed change, 34 states approving an identical amendment could have it thereafter submitted for ratification by 38 states (three-fourths of the 50) without any reference to Congress. Cox points out that it would be possible to put together a combination of 38 states whose total population would be less than 40 per cent of all Americans. This hardly seems a sufficient proportion to be given a controlling voice in altering the Constitution and perhaps affecting the whole course of American life for decades to come. Home Learnin' WASHINGTON (UPI)-An estimated 3500,000 Americans were home study students in 1962, near the total college and university enrollment of the United States. The National Home Study Council, which conducted the survey, said this was an increase, of 470,000 or 40 per cent more than in 1960 when the last survey was conducted. Harold M. Ryan, (Michigan, of course) thinks it would be nice if the toll were abolished entirely. "People should have the right to drive from one part of the state to another without being charged a high toll rate," reasons Rep. Ryan. Before the bridge was built, people had to travel many miles around, and they paid for that mileage. The bridge, even at the $3.75 toll rate, evidently is worth it to millions of people in terms of their own time and savings over the alternate costs of the travel. The Chicago skyway turned out to be a mistake, and the bondholders are now taking the consequences of their error in investing. That's how it is with investing, and investors know it. They may, if the bonds lose value, write off their losses against their gains when income tax time comes, but they have no claim on other taxpayer's money to bail them out. How Michiganders get around their state is their own business, and not the concern of taxpayers in Nebraska and New York. If our government is sucker enough to buy these two offerings, it will cost the average American family about three dollars each, and most of us never will ever see either of our purchases. Question: Is it better for those who cross a bridge to pay $3.75 to do it, or for all of us to pay so they don't have to? Million Piggybacks WASHINGTON (UPD-More than one million truck-trailer loads will move by railroad during 1963, the Association of American Railroads estimates. The "piggyback" loadings are 14 per cent above 1962 and double the 1959 level. HEW Cost Grows WASHINGTON (UPD— Although national defense costs the American people $50 billion a year, their annual investment in health, education and welfare is twice that— $101 billion, according to Finance Facts published by the National Consumer Finance Association. In the decade from 1953 to 1963 the percentage of the gross national product ticketed for health, education and welfare rose from 11.6 per cent to 17.8 per cent. Expansion Councils are private businessmen. This program, which has been dubbed "Operation Ten Thousand," is intended to interest 10,000 more American manufacturers, who are now selling only on the domestic market, to get into foreign trade. If each one of these 10,000 could do $200,000 worth of export business next year, the $2 billion goal would be reached. AT PRESENT between 15,000 and 20,000 U. S. manufacturers sell abroad. Nobody knows the exact number. But the 500 biggest exporters do 75 per cent of the business. The final report of the big White House Export Conference of 200 private business leaders has now been submitted to President Kennedy by Secretary of Commerce Luther Hodges. It contains detailed recommendations from 11 subcommittees of businessmen on what should be done to build up U. S. exports 10 per cent. The conference itself got off slightly on the wrong foot by holding a press briefing immediately after adjournment. The 11 committee reports hadn't been fully analyzed or properly'summarized. The result was an impression that the principal recommendations were to give U. S. industry an incentive tax benefit, to get them into the export business and to resume trade with Soviet Russia and other communist bloc countries. Those two subjects were recommended for resurvey by the government in view of changed world conditions. But both would require changes in existing laws. And Congress in its present mood on taxes and Russia won't grant either this year. Only last June, Congress unanimously approved a three-year extension of the Export Control Act. OTHER recommendations of the 11 subcommittees, as summarized by Eugene M. Brademan, director of the Bureau of International Commerce, include these main points: • Revise ocean freight fates, which now make shipments from Europe to America cheaper than from America to Europe. • Set up a commission to review American anti-trust laws as they affect exjtoi t. business and to speed up handling of applications for exemptions by Department of Justice. • Provide for better financing of export operations with liberalized credit and guarantees by Export-Import Bank and the Foreign Credit Insurance Assn. of 70 private companies. • Push tariff negotiations under Foreign Trade Expansion Act of 1962, with hard bargaining to give U. S. firms equality in competition and to include American agricultural products. • Ask labor unions to conduct educational campaigns with mem­ bers on idea that foreign investments do not necessarily deprive American workers of Jobs, but actually create employment, since branch plants are set up primarily to preserve markets in compliance with foreign protective tariff laws. • Simplify foreign aid procurement policies which now have so many regulations small business can't handle them. • Improve foreign commerce education in business schools. • Take U. S. commercial attaches in American embassies away from State Department control and return them to Department of Commerce, where they were prior to 1939. • Improve Department of Commerce market surveys and information services for benefit of American exporters. • Continue and expand existing Department of Commerce programs for U. S. trade missions, fairs and centers overseas. 'Titoism 9 Is Just What Khrushchev Wants By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE RECENT MEETING of Khrushchev and Tito in Yugoslavia had a play-acting quality. There were the embraces in front of the photographers, there were the flowers offered by children. But what did either of the dictators walk away with that was worth the expensive show of amity? Certainly nothing of a tangible nature was exchanged. Khrushchev apparently gave no assurances to Tito that he could have anything more from Russia than what had already been promised in a previous trade agreement (industrial equipment in exchange for ships and tractors). As for Tito's gifts to Russia, they consisted only of reiterations that Yugoslavia was anti-Mao and anti-Albanian, which Khrushchev knew anyway. The intangibles of the meeting, however, will pay huge dividends to both dictators in the mas­ querade of "peace" that the Kremlin had decreed for the next epoch in the history of the West. For Tito, there is the benefit of knowing that his ways of organizing his economy (decentralized workers' councils, individual peasant agriculture) have had the tacit blessing of the Kremlin as a "variant orthodoxy" in following the path to socialism. Marxist theoreticians outside of China and Albania will henceforth cease to pick on him, which should please his ego immensely. As for Khrushchev, the existence of Tito is about to present the Soviets with a foreign policy gambit that could be worth forty divisions, not to mention a couple of 60-megaton bombs. Titoism, in the future, could be Khrushchev's unanswerable secret weapon, a ploy that will enable him to have his cake and cat it, too. THIS IS so obvious that it is amazing that official Washington has said nothing about it. Despite pious disclaimers, the inclination of our policy-makers is to bet on Khrushchev's trustworthiness. Crediting Khrushchev with honor, Kennedy has been patiently waiting for the Russians to take their soldiers out of Cuba. Well, if Khrushchev is to capitalize on the "image" of trustworthiness (and there is every indication that he intends to), he must somehow seem to disassociate himself from Marxist revolutions wherever they threaten. To get the benefit of "peace" while he is retrieving his mistakes in agriculture, Khrushchev must stop "exporting" revolutions. He could, of course, turn over the business of fomenting socialist upheavals in South America, Africa and Southeast Asia to Mao Tse-tung. But this would present MaO with an international propaganda victory that the Soviets have sworn to prevent. However, if a revolution can be decked out in Titoist colors, Moscow can safely deny any official connection with it and still reap the benefits. Tito's visit to Latin America provides the Kremlin with a tremendous opportunity of cashing in on the have-cake-and-eat-it-too policy. The more successful the Tito triumphal parade can be made to seem, the better for all of Khrushchev's purposes. If Chile, for example, should vote a communist - oriented government into office in the future, Khrushchev will be able to tell Washington that it was just part of Tito's persuasiveness. Merely an example of "indigenous" socialism, you know. Merely an exhibition of that "variant orthodoxy" that permits any nation to go socialist in its own way. THE DANGER in all this is compounded for the simple reason that ; our foreign policy blessed Titoism long before Khrushchev himself got around to it. We have given more than $2 billion in aid to Yugoslavia to finance its own "indigenous" socialism. How, then, could we logically refrain from blessing a "Titoist" takeover in Chile, or in Venezuela, or in British Guiana, or in Brazil? Khrushchev may get away with the miracle of throwing the protective mantle of Titoism over Fidel Castro. All he has to do is to remove his soldiers and technicians from Cuba, meanwhile permitting them to be replaced by technicians from East European satellites who can be supplied with "dissident" communist backgrounds. Then, at an appropriate moment, Castro can announce himself to be a Titoist— and a penitential candidate for U.S. recognition. How, logically, would we be able to withhold this recognition? Of course, Mao may get to Castro ahead of fake Titoist emissaries from Moscow. Let us, for the sake of clarity, hope that ae does. Copyright 1963 Freeman Responsible for Sugar Price Boost By FULTON LEWIS, JR. WASHINGTON—The American housewife, who in one year has been socked $600 million, can blame Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman for the skyrocketing price of sugar. Freeman last year unveiled a radical new scheme that would, he promised, cut the price of sugar paid by Mrs. John Q. Public. He proposed the United States scrap the regulated price- quota system under which sugar prices had remained stable for 45 years. Up until 1962, Uncle Sam had purchased his sugar on a quota basis from free world nations at a flat rate that remained constant over the years. Freeman then proposed the U.S. buy its sugar at the "world market" rate. Experts tried to expJain the "world market" was but a refuse heap of hopeless sugar left over when all the world quotas were filled. THEY EXPLAINED that the "world market" price was lower than the cost of growing sugar and would sharply rise if Uncle Sam went into the world market. They further explained that the communist bloc controlled three- fourths of the "world market" and could drive up its sugar prices any time it chose. Freeman's response: "Your experts are wrong." Over the anguished protests of Representative Harold Cooley, chairman of the House Agriculture Committee, administration lieutenants rammed the Freeman plan through Congress. A Pennsylvania Congressman, Joseph M. McDade, has whipped out his slide rule and figures the price of sugar has leaped $600 million in the past year. He says: "U.S. consumers will pay three cents more per pound for the 20 billion pounds of sugar used annually because the price is tied to the world market instead of the regulated price-quota system THE DOCTOR SAYS: Infants' Respiratory Hazards By W. G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Before an infant is born his heart and kidneys and skeletal muscles are already working. His lungs, however, do not expand until birth has been completed. The change from inactivity (o function in (he respiratory system is therefore sudden and must be accomplished smoothly, or the infant is in trouble. About 25,000 prematures die annually in the United States of lung difficulties. Indeed, the so- called respiratory distress syn- Dilapidations, in English law, is the term for the disrepair for which a tenant is usually liable when he has agreed to give up his premises in good repair. © Encyclopaedia Sritoojuca drome is the chief cause of death in the newborn. Although the cause is not precisely, known, several factors may be responsible. In any individual case one or more of these may be operating. In some cases, the infant may have inhaled some of the fluid that surrounds it prior to birth. In some, too great a concentration of oxygen in the incubator has been blamed. Recent studies have shown that clamping the umbilical cord before the baby has taken more than one breath is an important cause. Another factor is an obscure condition known as hyaline membrane disease. When the umbilical cord is clamped before breathing is established, the blood pressure in the infant's not-yet fully expanded lungs is so great that the blood plasma may be forced into some of the air sacs. This, like drowning from within, cuts down the lung surface that is available for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. The cause of the hyaline mem- (Continued on page 12) Now You Know By United Press International The first lighthouse established on the Atlantic Coast was built of stone on little Brewster Island off Boston Harbor in 1716, according to the World Almanac. This facility used whale oil for fuel. which had been in effect until 1962. "SINCE an American family of five uses 500 pounds of sugar every year, it will pay out an additional $15 this year, a figure equal to about one-fifth of the estimated savings per family under the proposed tax cut law." McDade, who has devoted months to a comprehensive study of the subject, urges a return to the old quota system. It will mean, he says, substantial savings to U.S. housewives and better relations with allies who will be assured of U.S. sugar purchases. * * * INTERIOR SECRETARY Stewart Udall, a self-styled "grass man," will press for federal funds with which to build still another national park. There is nothing startling in this save the proposed park's location: Tanganyika, Africa Freeman, who recently climbed Tanganyika's Mt. Kilimanjaro, also favors federal dollars for "two major natural resources developments programs," likewise in Tanganyika. * * * FRANKLIN D. Roosevelt tried to pack the Supreme Court. He failed. John Kennedy tried to pack the Senate Finance Committee. He failed. Anthony Celebrezze tried to pack the Social Security Advisory Council. He succeeded. The council, made up of 12 representatives of business, labor and the "public," was set up by Congress to advise the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (Celebrezze) on Social Security. The members are named REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Sept. 37, 1913 Lombard C o 11 e g e's football team, in its first practice game of the year, trounced the Galesburg High School team, 59 - 0. Workmen started construction on the roof of the 5 - story St. Mary's Hospital annex. by the Secretary. Missouri Congressman Tom Curtis charges the Council has been packed with administration lackeys. Even before members were named, the Commissioner of Social Security was quoted in the New York Times as saying they would urge expansion of the Social Security program. The commissioner claimed he was misquoted. Replied the Times reporter: "Bunk." Now Curtis discovers 10 of the 12 members favor Medicare. Pure coincidence, says Celebrezze. Not so, says Curtis, who discovers the Secretary has managed to find representatives of business who favor Medicare, and that's no easy matter. Copyright 1963 Qalesburg lfeglsfer-Mafl Office 140 South Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois rEi -ilPHUNb. NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6181 Entered "s Second Class Matter at tha Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under \ci of Congress of M-"-h 3 1879 Daily except Sunday Ethel Custer SchmJth— Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and General Manager At. H fcddy Associate tCditor And Director of Public Relations H. H Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative' Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Loa Angeles Philadelphia. Charlotte MEMTEB AUDI1 BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEl-i ASSUl 1A1ED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP > new« dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week By RFD mall in our retail trading zona: 1 Vear $10.00 3 Months $3 .SO 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.26 No mail subscriptions accepted In towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail trading cons outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, lows and Missouri and by motor route in retail trading zone. 1 Year $13.00 3 Months tS.71 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month $1.28 By mail outside Illinois. Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $10.00 3 Months $3.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2 .00 Crossword Puzzzle Prophets Answer to Previous; Punfo TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday. Sept. 27, 1943 With only four more days remaining in the drive to put Knox County over the top in its quota of $2,085,000 in the Third War Loan, the sales were still approximately $300,000 short, it was announced. John Wayne was starring m the motion picture, "Reunion In France," featured at the Colonial Theater. ACROSS 1 Major prophet 7 Prophet of lion s den 13 Melon 14 Citrus fruit 15 Ealargened 16 Precludes 17 White yam 18 Entire man 19 Snare 20 Simpleton 22 First woman 23 Encountered 24 Cheer 26 Atmosphere 27 Impair 28 Printers* measure 29 Epoch 30 Speck 31 Japanese outcast 82 Prophet of commandments 34 Combined Chiefs of Staff (ab.) 35 Masculine nickname 36 Underworld god 38 Salt 39 Scuttle 40 Card game 42 Type of saw (var.) 44 Shirker 47 Disciple of Elijah 48 Prophet of 520 B.C. 19 Outcast W Solvents DOWN 1 Color 2 To the left (comb, form) 8 Major prophet of Judah 5 Presidential nickname 6 Owned 7 Avoid 8 Martian (comb, form) 9 Arrest (slang) 10 More insipid 11 Bird 12 For fear that 18 Stowe character 21 Meat aromas 22 Book of Old Testament 23 Fogged 25 Yugoslav port 26 Much quoted prophet. 28 Biblical kingdom 31 French pastry fT 32 Center 33 Cattle feed Ii4 Girl's name 35 Prophet in whale 37 Submarine detector 38 Stair 89 Ditch 41 American patriot 43 Greek letter 44 Article 45 Rodent 46 Exclamation of disgust IT • I

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