Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 27, 1963 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Friday, September 27, 1963
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Home Paper of 70 Communities Qalesburg Register-Mail Weather Stripe Blue Cooler on Saturday, Fair Tonight and Sunny on Saturday A Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXII —228 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Valachi Says Crime Boss Gave Him Kiss of Death in Prison Viet Nam Campaign Is Not Hindered By Buddhist Problem SAIGON, Viet Nam (AP)-Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara toured Viet Nam's central highlands today after receiving reassuring reports that the Buddhist campaign against President Ngo Dinh Diem had not hindered the war against the Communists in the northern part of the country. Both U.S. and Vietnamese officers in the field told McNamara and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, that the Buddhist crisis had diminished neither the scale of military operations in the north nor the morale' of Vietnamese troops. Different Situations Arthur Sylvester, Assistant Secretary of defense, said the reports indicated the impact of the Buddhist campaign was "markedly different in the countryside from that in the cities." Sylvester painted a generally favorable picture of the U.S.­ Vietnamese military effort in the north and added there was ground for "low-key optimism." "We appear to be moving forward," Sylvester said. "Our operations are not completely successful, but they're improving and are expected to improve more." As evidence of continued cooperation from villagers in spite of the Buddhist crisis, Sylvester said the peasantry was showing a greater willingness to report guerrilla movements and that there were fewer Viet Cong attacks and more government patrols. Voting Today As President Kennedy's chief military advisers toured the country, the people of South Viet Nam went to the polls to elect a new 123-member National Assembly. Results of the election were expected to have no influence on the authoritarian policies of President Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu, the president's chief adviser. The assembly has had virtually rubber-stamp status since Diem started ruling by decree in 1961. "The concept of a loyal opposition is alien to the form of government here," one top American diplomat commented. "We tend to make light of these elections," another American observer said. "But they are democracy of a rudimentary sort. This is better than nothing." Nhu a Candidate Nhu put himself forward as a candidate for the first time, running as an "independent." It is expected that he will be named president of the assembly. His reasons for seeking elective office were not known. Nhu's politically powerful wife, who acts as First Lady for the bachelor president, was an "independent" candidate for re-election to the assembly. Both she and her husband were unopposed. Edith Loses Bit of Punch In Caribbean SAN JUAN, P. R. (AP) — Erratic hurricane Edith weakened somewhat early today as it roared up between the western end of Puerto Rico and the neigh boring Dominican Republic. It still packed a dangerous punch of winds, rain and stormy seas. Winds of 100 miles an hour at the hurricane's core slackened to 75 miles, while storm tides as high as eight feet above normal dropped to four to six feet above normal. The U.S. Weather Bureau at San Juan continued to maintain a hurricane warning for the Dominican Republic east of San Pedro De Macoris, including the Peninsula De Sarnana, although it added that some further weakening in the storm could be expected as it crossed the eastern tip of the Dominican Republic. Warnings Remain Gale warnings remained in effect for the west of Puerto Rico, where heavy rains were reported. The Weather Bureau urged residents near rivers to be prepared to move to higher ground. Low coastal areas were evacuated Thursday night. The bureau warned of possible floods, especially along the southern slopes of the lush central Cordillera Mountain region in Puei'to Rico, where tobacco, fruit and sugar cane are grown. Edith baffled the Weather Bureau by its disorganized behavior Thursday. It settled on a course through the 50-mile wide Mona Passage between Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic, an old hurricane route. The storm destroyed about half: of the $6 million banana crop on the British West Indian island of St. Lucia. Edith's heaviest blows were inflicted Wednesday on the French island of Martinique. Reports to Paris said tens of thousands of persons were left homeless and 75 per cent of the island's buildings were damaged. Mexico was battered by two storms of near-hurricane strength. One headed in from the Pacific toward Lower California, while the other howled in from the Gulf of Mexico. j Costa Rica Calls On Neighbors to End Revolutions SAN JOSE, Costa Rica (AP)—Costa Rica has called on the foreign ministers of the Americas to consider the military takeover of the Dominican Republic and joint action to prevent more such coups. Foreign Minister Daniel Oduber issued the call Thursday night after Dominican military chiefs who ousted President Juan Bosch installed a three-man provisional civilian government. Costa Rica also broke off diplomatic relations with the Dominican Republic, adhering to a policy of not recognizing governments taking power in coups. The United States and Venezuela have suspended relations with the Do­ minican Republic, a step short of a full break. Coasta Rica proposed a foreign ministers' meeting to review Dominican affairs and discuss possible measures against military coups staged anywhere in the hemisphere. The Bosch regime was the third constitutional government to be overthrov/n in Latin America in six months. QUESTIONED—A youthful citizen of Santo Domingo appeared only surprised when a gas-masked soldier (not shown in photo) made threatening gestures toward him with a tear-gas hand grenade. Even the burro was not impressed and lifted a foot in preparation to marching off. This action followed the overthrow of the island government by the military. UMFAX Monmouth's Stand Upheld On Wage Act SPRINGFIELD, 111. (AP)-Thc Illinois Supreme Court upheld today a Warren County Circuit Court decision which threw out 1961 amendments that put state enforcement powers behind the Prevailing Wage Act. The opinion, written by Justice Byron House of Nashville, in effect set back the Prevailing Wage Act to the condition it was in when it was upheld by the high court in 1951. The act, first adopted in 1941, was designed to compel municipalities and other local governments to pay prevailing wages on public projects. Amended in 1961 In 1961, the act was construed by the high court to apply only to public works to be constructed under contract, not to direct employment by public bodies. In 1961, an amendment empowered the state to deny motor fuel tax allocations to local governments if the state found they were not paying the prevailing wage on any construction — not maintenance — of public works projects, including such as hospitals. The City of Monmouth and 63 other plaintiffs attacked the constitutionality of the law in the Cir cuit Court case. The complaining parties, the Su preme Court said, employ person nel for construction and repair of public works. Monmouth is building a city hospital. The state is withholding about $110,000 in motor fuel tax funds from the city. Found Invalid The Supreme Court found the 1961 amendment unconstitutional because it caused the Prevailing Wage Act to revise the Motor Fuel Tax Act without inserting the amended section in full in the wage act. This violated the Constitution prohibition against amending an act by title only. The Supreme Court also criticized what it called the impracticability of applying the amendment. It includes application of the prevailing wage to maintenance work, but the state highway code permits motor fuel tax fund use on both construction and maintenance. The high court found the amendment faulty constitutionally when it put into a single class public bodies and construction contractors. "Government employment is generally of a steady nature and entails fringe benefits, whereas employment by a private contractor is unusually seasonal and does not carry like fringe benefits," the opinion said. Rules Underworld From Atlanta Cell WASHINGTON (UPI) — Gangland turncoat Joseph Valachi told senate investigators today that underworld overloard Vito Genovese gave him the Mafia's "kiss of death" by kissing him on the hand while they were cell­ mates in the Atlanta federal prison. The stocky, red haired ex-mobster described Gcnc- vese as the "under the table" super-boss of organized crime. He also testified that Geneovese ordered the murder of sub-boss Tony Bender Anthony Strollo from his Atlanta prison cell. Testifying publicly for the first time, Valachi told the televised hearing that Genovese described news reports of Bender's disap- Mobster Dyes Hair to Foil His Assassins WASHINGTON (AP)—Mobster Joseph Valachi told reporters today his brilliant reddish-brown hair is a dye job—intended as disguise to help protect him from underworld assassins he believes are coming for him. The 60 - year - old turncoat gangster, arriving at Capitol Hill to testify against his former bosses and pals in a nationwide crime syndicate, told newsmen: "I figured they'd be looking for the white hair, so I dyed it." His natural hair is an iron gray. pearance as "the best thing that could happen—he wouldn't be able to take it like you and I." Valachi recounted the episode after testifying that he joined the disciplined "Cosa Nostra" crime cartel—"our thing, our family in English"—in 1903. Born in New York to Italian Immigrant parents, he said he took to crime after dropping out of school at age 15 and working for about a year on a sand scow. Speaking calmly—almost impassively—and chain smoking, Vala­ chi gave the Senate investigations subcommittee a rambling account of intrigue behind the prison walls at Atlanta. He said he felt that Genovese marked him for murder after he sought an appointment with Genovese for a member of the Buffalo-Toronto "family" of the "Cosa Nostra" empire. After the incident, Valachi said, the attitude of Genovese—w h o had invited Valachi to share his cell—"was beginning to change." Finally, he said, there came an evening when Genovese asked Va­ lachi and cellmate Ralph Wagner —a "Cosa Nostra" outsider—to gather around his prison bunk in the seven-man prison cell. Valachi said Genovese, describing himself as a good judge of character, began by saying " 'Sometimes vou buy a barrel of apples and one of the apples is jail. touched . . . That one has to be removed or it'll touch the rest of the apples.' " When McClcllan asked if Va­ lachi found "significance" in the remark, the hoodlum replied: "I was just shaking my head and listening to him . . . "He. (Genovese) grabbed my hand and gave it a kiss," Valachi continued. "I turned around and gave him a kiss on the other side," Valachi said. He explained that his own kiss was a sign of waning respect for Genovese, who long had commanded his loyal allegiance. Valachi said flatly that Genovese was "boss" of the "Cosa Nostra." He said Genovese told him that the mysterious disappearance of the "Cosa Nostra" lieutenant, Tony Bender, was "the best tiling that could happen to him because he couldn't take it. . ." This "meant in our (underworld) language that he (Genovese) ordered his death," Valachi told the Senate investigations subcommittee. The short, stocky ex-mobster and executioner said the conver sation took place in the federal penitentiary at Atlanta after Va lachi was returned to prison to serve a 20-year sentence for narcotics violations. Valachi said he was startled to hear Genovese say that the disappearance of Bender was a good thing for Valachi's former crew chief in the underworld society. "I said, what do you mean?" Valachi testified. "He (Genovese) said he (Bender) was a sick man and he couldn't take 'time,' serving in prison like you and me. . ." After ho gave his interpretation of Genovese's comments, Valachi asked the senators: "Got it? Clear?" Chairman John L. McClellan, D-Ark., replied that the testimony was clear. Valachi, who murdered a fellow prisoner at Atlanta because he feared the man was trying to assassinate him on gangland orders, was escorted to the hearing in the ornate caucus room by a score of federal marshals. The heavy guard bore witness to reports that the underworld has placed a $100,000 price on his head for talking to federal authorities. Valachi gave the senators a private briefing Thursday, emerging for the first time from his hideaway in the District of Columbia TIME OUT—Underworld defector Joseph Valachi, who hasn't revealed concern publlcally despite threats of his former associates, calmly lighted a cigarette after testifying before a Senate committee on the crime syndicate. U is reported the criminal cartel has offered $100,000 for his slaying. UNIFAX Russians Are Selling Gold To Buy Wheat LONDON (UPI) — Russia is selling gold in Europe in considerable quantity, ostensibly to meet the rising bill for wheat and other Soviet purchases in the West. Nearly $50 million worth of Russian gold was reported today to have been sold in European markets in the last two days. The sales were understood to be continuing Their full scope was not so far known. But expert sources believed Moscow would continue gold shipments and sales for some time to como because of its mounting buying activities in the West. A disappointing harvest, changes in the Russian trade pattern caused by the rift with China, and demands from satel- itcs were seen among the causes for the current Soviet gold sales. Russia, apparently short of foreign currency was said to be selling the gold to get dollars and sterling. The Kremlin's dollar needs have been spotlighted by its decision to buy about $500 million worth of wheat ( from Canada. Russia also 'is buying large quantities of wheat from Australia. In addition to its own needs, Moscow also is getting wheat for some of her satellites and for Cuba. Cuba is known to have becoma a considerable drain on the Soviet economy and is likely to continue so long as the Kremlin bolsters Fidel Castro's regime. Jury Indicts Men Who Promoted Cuban Trip School Withdraws Smoking Permission for Students ST. LOUIS, MO. (UPI)—No more smoking during the noon hours for students at Pattonville Senior High. The school board has changed its mind. "We haven't caught a smoker yet and hope wo don't," said principal James McMahon. "We could not have asked for finer cooperation from the students." For five years students in the arelte smoking and lung cancer. Mrs. John Collier, a non-smoker whose husband teaches at the suburban high school were per-; sc hoo|, said the rule was a little mitted to smoke during the noon J strict hour in designated areas. But Pattonville R-3 school board bowed to moral obligations and medical science Wednesday and; reversed its policy. j WASHINGTON (AP) - Four New York City men were indicted today on charges of conspiring illegally to organize and promote a trip by 59 American students to Cuba last summer, the Justice Department said. Those named in the indictment, returned by a lederal grand jury in Brooklyn, were: Phillip Abbott Luce, 26 and Stefan Martinot, 24, who were charged with illegally traveling to Cuba and back. Anatol Schlosser, 26, like the others, also was charged with conspiring to recruit and arrange for the trip. The grand jury charged that the defendants formed a committee to promote the trip to Cuba, recruited travelers and raised travel funds. The alleged conspiracy began in October 1962, and continued until Aug. 29, 1963, the day the travelers returned, the indictment said. The conspiracy charge cited 31 overt acts, including a number of meetings in late June in New York, Paris and Czechoslovakia. Laub assertedly distributed applications for the student trip in New York City and at San Fran­ cisco State College, the grand jury said. Three of the six counts charged Laub, Luce and Martinot individually with leaving the United States for Cuba via Europe, without valid passports. The other three counts charged them with returning to this country from Cuba on Aug. 29 via Spain, again without necessary passports. Two other persons who, the Justice Department said, made the trip to Cuba were named as co-conspirators, but were not indicted. They are identified as Salvatore Cucehiari, 19, and Ellen Irene Shallit, 20, both of New York City. "I'm not for smoking and I feel ! if the children are banned from smoking, the teachers and staff workers shouldn't be allowed to carry tohacco either," Mrs. Col"The school should point outj ij er _ sa j ( j the possible consequences of! smoking rather than bo a party i „ Xf , , to encouraging youth to smoke," l\«-'W Huts lor Millds the board said in instituting the. SAN DIEGO, Calif. (UPD-Tha new rule. police department's "meter Now a smoking violation will; maids" were issued pith helmets carry a two weeks sus|iension for i Thursday because they com* the first offense. And a penalty j plained their usual .small hostess- is provided for the student who i type cloth caps offered no protec* carries tobacco. j tion from the sun during record- Supt. M. A. Holrnan, who has! breaking Ill-degree heat, a pipeline to student opinion through his 17-year-old daughter, said "everything is smooth as far as we can tell." "I haven't heard her say anything negative," Holman said of his daughter. Fire Marshal Andrew Rahm, who has two children in the school, said he felt the new rule would help "aci far as safety is concerned. However," he said, "1 feel it is more of a disciplinary and moral obligation than a safety ban. ' The board also made reference to medical studies and said the American Cancer Society has been conducting an educational program at which high school students attend seminars on cig- Where to Find It £ SKXTIO.NS 24 PAGES Abingdon IB Amusement 6 Bushiiell 6 Churches 9 Classified Ads 17-18-19 Comics-TV-Radio 15 Editorial 4 Farm 22-23 Galva 6 Hospital Notes 6 Knoxville 16 Markets 20-21 Monmouth 5 Obituary 18 Sports IM4 Weather 2 Women la the News —.1041

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