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Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California • 17

Oakland Tribunei
Oakland, California
Issue Date:
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

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5 Jf country-would reces-sion, The Associated Press In the aftermath of Water-gate, Richard M. Nixon: re signed as President of the Unfc ed States end Gerald R. Ford () Watergate assumed the nation highest. office. Editors and news dlrec-; tors of Associated Press member newspapers and radio and Tv stations voted, that thetopr for the first 10 months of the year was nearly $12 billion compared with $760 million for all of 1971 story of 1974.

1 hereby resign the office of President of. the United luctantly admitted the be moving into a the sixth since World War Most Americans, however, didn't need government leaders to tell them- things were bad. The evidence was all around them, In the world economy: was sorely strained by a fourfold increase in world oil' The U.S. oil bill- alone Nixon told the nation by television that he was resigning. Hearst Patricia Campbell Hearst was, i allegedly abducted from an.

apartment she shared with her fiance in Berkeley, on Feb. 4, 1974. The kidnapers called themselves the Sym-bionese Liberation Army, and demanded millions of dollars in free food for the poor in return for Miss Hearst, Police and! FBI launched an intensive search for the daughter of newspaper publisher Randolph Hearst, and Hearst spent $2 million of his own money on the food giveaway and raised nearly $4 million from other sources. Then on April 3 came a cruel blow to the family: in a tape recorded message. Miss Hearst said she had joined the SLA, renounced her parents and taken the name Tania.

On April 15 Miss Hearst was photographed during a bank robbery in San Francisco carrying a rifle and apparently acting as a willing participant in what she termed in yet another tape message a revolutionary act. Police always seemed a. step behind the fugitives until May 17. Then a fiery shootout between SLA members and Los Angeles police left six of the fugitives dead in the ruins of a burned house. Among the dead was file self-styled leader of the group, Cinque, Donald-DeFreeze.

Not' among them: Patty Hearst. At years end, the FBI said it had no new leads as' "to Miss Hearsts whereabouts. QNixon Pardon In a surprise announcement Sept 8, President Ford granted a free, full and abso-lute pardon to Richard M. Nixon for any criminal conduct during his presidency. Ford said he felt Nixon and his family had suffered enough.

Some Democratic congressmen protested that Ford had set a doUble standard of justice for Watergate participants, and the Presidents press secretary and long-time friend, Jerald F. terllorst, resigned in protest Other congressmen, however, said the pardon was in the -national interest. The pardon prohibited any criminal prosecution of Nixon for all offenses against the United States during his term of office, but the former president would be subject to any civil court proceedings. 0 lection Democrats parlayed Republican scandals and gnawing inflation into a landslide of off- ed in July with the suddenness of a midsummer storm. A sunsplashed island in the crook of the Mediterranean elbow, Cyprus is only half as big as New Jersey.

Its population of 650,000 four-fifths ethnic Greek, one-fifth ethnic Turk is less than many an American town. But what happened bn Cyprus, site of a NATO base, had the explosive power to generate a world crisis. It had the superpowers growling at one another again, had Greece and Turkey close to States; In that 11-word note, dated Aug. 9, 1974, from Richard M. Nixon to Henry A.

the Secretary of State, a proce-' dure prescribed by the Constitution, the scandal known a Watergate reached its ultimate limit. At years end, Americans would disagree with the description of the Watergate scandal given by thejiew President, Gerald R. Ford, on the day he took office: our national, night' mare. (Q) Economy It started in January, an economic" decline that by the end of The yehr would be judged a recession. President Nikon, and then President Ford, refused to acknowledge the.econo-my was in that bad a shape.

There will be ho recession in the United States this year, a confident Nixon told Americans in a televised address last summer. It was not until November that a spokesman for Ford re- Those long linos fneigy Grisis At years end, the nations. inventory of gasoline and heating oil was at record levels. Tankers docked daily at American ports, bringing fuel from the Mideast, Africa and Latin1 America. The long lines at service stations and jthe odd-even rationing system of last winter hye given to gasoline price' wars in some areas today.

But the energy crisis is still a crisis: not one of short supply but of the cost of petroleum. Since the Arab oil embargo, which ended last March 18, crude oil has gope from less than $5 a barrette more than $10. huge price increase is draining the wealth the con-, suming nations while enriching the oil producing countries. Economists at New Yorks First National City Bank say the United States will have an unfavorable 1974 trade balance of $5 billion almost all of it because of the high cost of imported oil. for gasoline 0AK1AND 45J-A558 Grant Art.

7(0 Morltl Si. 'diplomatic efforts to bring about a Middle East peace agreement won praise both foreign and domestic during 1971 Kissinger spent 32 days in shuttle diplomacy during April and May traveling between Jerusalem and Damascus almost, daily, meeting Soviet: Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko in Geneva and Cyprus and stopping In four other Arab capitals gamer support. Disengagement of Israeli and Syrian forces was announced May 29, averting the threat of renewed fighting. It was the first agreement between the two countries since Israel was created 26 years before. President Nixon said in Washington that prospects for peace were better than they had been at any time in recent years.

Kissinger was praised on the floor of the Senate and the House. Kissinger traveled to the Mideast a number of times after the October, 1973, Arab-Israeli war, seeking each time to -Smooth the road to peace. Clemency In an effort to bind up the wounds of an unpopular war. President Ford offered a conditional amnesty to Vietnam era war resistors on Sept. 16L The clemency program involved alternative-service of up to 24 months in hospitals nursing homes or other public service jobs promoting national health, safety or interest.

Officials said about 15,500 draft evaders were potentially eligible for clemency, and about 12,500 deserters. Individuals awaiting trial or serving jail sentences on such charges were also eligible for clemency. At Fort Benjamin Harrison, a processing center for all the armed services had assigned less than 2,000 men to alternative service by the programs halfway point. After Jan. 31, when it ends, draft evaders and' deserters will be subject to arrest and jail sentences.

Congressional leaders supported President Ford's program but veterans groups and draft resisters did not. Ex-servicemen said it did not offer1 sufficient punishment for men who did not serve in Vietnam. Men who fled said they should not be punished at alL 0 Cyprus 'After IS years of nervous communal peace, Cyprus erupt- nTF-i-iiT. I'r, fi- I I Ay bl In 11 tersewords, Richard year election victories in November. Governorships of New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut and California went from Republican to Democrat while the Democratic margin in both branches of the 94th Congress increased.

President Ford, who barnstormed the country for Republican candidates and warned against big-spending Democrats, said the party that loses often comes back. He said the economy was the dominanMs-sue in the elections, but others claimed it was Watergate and most, politicians said both fig-ured. 0 Kissinger Secretary of State Henry A. Kissingers skillful, untiring Henry Kissinger third ,4. 'r-w- Nunn BUSH Potty Hears! and tho SLA mainland war, brought down a dictatorial Athens regime, tore a gaping hole in NATO's southern flank and added vast new complications to an already frustratingly insoluble conflict.

0 Rockefeller Nelson A. a millionaire member of one Americas wealthiest families, was nominated Aug. 20 President Ford to become vice president. The nomination soon touched off controversy about Rockefellers personal wealth. For 15 years.

Rockefeller was governor New York, long regarded as the Republican party's ranking liberal. Twice he campaigned for the GOP presidential nomination and, when he resigned as governor in 1973, pundits said he was building a base for a third try. Initial reaction was favorable, and many congressmen predicted an easy slide through both houses for confirmation. Then controversy arose over $2 million In gifts to political associates and friends and over, a campaign book aimed a.ta Rockefeller opponent. Rockefeller's tax return drew comment as well The nominee disclosed in October that -he would have to pay an additional million dollars in federal taxes after an audit by the Internal Revenue Service.

But President Ford maintained his confidence in Rocky, calling him a good additioa-to the administration. 7v 4 it -fvy The Top 10 Stories in California By The Associated Press 1 Hoarsl kidnaping. 2 Reinecko perjury indictment and conviction. 3 Brown oloctod governor. 4 Nixon hospitalized twice.

5 Odd-ovon gasoline marketing imposed and then abandoned. 6 legislature meets in special sossion to ropoal pension bo nuses. i 7 San Francisco Zebra murders. 8 Nixon returns to homo stato after resigning and settles Into private life. 9 Alphabet bomber In lot Ange les.

0 Selected Styles i 4 1 A i i .1 i rOXIMIRLY SOLD 20 TO 00 IPeteips DBiros NUNN BUSH SHOE STORE Over 92 Years in Oakland 10 -Oakland At win their straight World Series. 1439 BROADWAY So, 2(0 WT. i I If." fat the Oval Office during fin! week as pro sklent iizsasstaxsxsssmissxsKaxmssxssszBxeeBS! ii- j- -rri.

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