Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 26, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Thursday, September 26, 1963
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4 (Solesburg Register-Moil, Golesbura, III. Thurs., Sept 26, 1963 4 So Jump!' EDITORIAL Comment and Review Union Shop V. S. A. Six hundred thousand employes of the federal government are now members of AFL-CIO government and postal workers unions. Up to now, under the shadow of the Hatch Act, they've restrained their political influence formally to pressuring Congress for frequent big pay increases, and they have been notably successful. Sylvia Porter, the columnist, declares that a typist gets $600 more in government service than in private business, and an office manager $400 more per year. More federal pay raises are due in January, and work is almost complete on still another pay raise bill. Having demonstrated their power, these unions have attracted the attention of COPE, the AFL-CIO's political education arm. It seems the federal unions aren't kicking in for political education like the other unions. This seems unfair to COPE's fund raisers, because political education a la COPE is to advocate the election of candidates who favor bigger government and more power and money for government workers. COPE hopes to up the take. It is prepar­ ing a booklet telling how deeply federal civil servants can wade into politics without violating the law, and that's pretty far. And the unions, encouraged by the administration, are driving to increase their memberships in federal departments all over the country. Any citizen may be forgiven for fear when an army of two and a half million federal workers is being goaded into greater political activity. It's a huge bloc, more than enough to swing many national elections. And it's stacked in favor of the tax, spend and elect philosophy so hard on the citizens' pocketbook. When Washington, D. C, was established as the nation's capital, the vote was denied residents in an attempt to minimize government workers' influence on elections. Soon, the capital will have the vote, and through union activity the civil service will be an ever larger factor in the choice of national leaders. Democracy seems to be taking many steps in recent years toward the day when control of the government will pass to those who rely upon it for their support. First Moon Stage: Greater Trust Sober second thoughts on President Kennedy's proposal for a joint U.S.—Soviet moon venture suggest that the immediate fruits, if any, are likely to be limited to the diplomatic field. It may be, in other words, a way of measuring the intentions and attitudes of the two great powers at a time when, for reasons not wholly clear, certain halting steps are being tried toward a thaw in the cold war. We now know what we did not know when the President included this proposal in his United Nations speech: a Russian scientist broached the idea of a joint moon trip in a September talk with NASA's deputy administrator Hugh Dryden. The President later communicated with Soviet Premier Khrushchev to learn whether the scientist was speaking for the Kremlin. Kennedy's decision to include this matter in the speech evidently was a last-minute choice. That he did so surely is convincing sign of our earnestness in the search for means of easing East-West tensions. Moscow can hardly be unimpressed. Viewed practically, however, the moon proposal is at this moment a much more dubious proposition. Space specialists studying the notion since the President put it forward make a number of points. They think it would slow down rather than speed up the great rocket leap to the moon. Our space officials and engineers—operating just within the limits set by our own space technology—often argue for months and even years over various vital technical alternatives. The general feeling is that to weave together American and Soviet techniques might take far longer. They do not say such technical co-operation would be impossible, only that it would be extremely difficult and require a maximum amount of mutual good will. All the problems involved would be more complicated rather than less. As small examples, there are the language barrier and the fact we and the Russians do not use the same system of meas- Our specialists move irom this to a far bigger obstacle. Much space technology remains secret military information, since it is obviously impossible to separate many of the technical factors involved in space flight. The question therefore arises how we can expect to achieve the needed co-operation for a lunar venture without first lowering major military barriers through some plan of disarmament. That presumes a level of U.S.-Soviet collaboration and an easing of the crisis mood which goes far beyond the limited test ban treaty undertaken as a shaky first step. The fact that the President made the proposal for a joint moon trip may help to increase mutual trust and confidence between two great powers caught for long years in dangerous conflict around the globe. Yet, ironically, the proposal's practical worth may depend. on our first attaining a much greater level of trust and confidence than now exists. Whether that can be managed is really the central question. Working Wives NEW YORK (UPD-One out of every three American wives works, according to a survey taken by Equitable Life Assurance Society. The survey also showed that children of working mothers are not more likely than others to be emotionally disturbed or delinquent. It also concluded that the annual number of marriages is expected to exceed 2 million by 1970 compared with the present 1.5 million. Compacts Popular NEW YORK (UPD—About one-third of all new cars sold in the United States last year were compact models, according to Volkswagen of America. The company also said more than 500,000 air conditioning units were installed in cars in this country in 1962. Ma una WASHINGTON (UPD-The Internal Revenue Service says new computers will save taxpayers an estimated $500 million in refunds annually. Refund checks totaling approximately this amount never reach the taxpayer because the post office can't find them. Secret Move Opens U.S. Trade With Communists By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON - Implementation of the top-secret Ball Report Is apparently under way. That document, drafted shortly before President John Kennedy took his oath of office, is the handiwork of George Ball, a New York lawyer who was subsequently named Undersecretary of State in the new administration. News of the report was first leaked to the New York Times in January 1962. The trial balloon revealed that Ball favored a "positive response to Khrushchev's high-sounding trade overtures." The Ball report was said to urge stepped-up trade with the communist bloc. It reportedly recommended that President­ elect Kennedy "persuade other free enterprise countries. . .that we are genuinely prepared to recognize the potential economic advantage of East-West trade." CONGRESSIONAL leaders, alarmed over the Times report, set up a Special House Committee on Export Control, chaired by the then Rep. A. Paul Kitchin, to Investigate the situation. Called for testimony, Ball refused to hand over a copy of his report. It was Congressman Steve Derounian, New York Republican, who finally got his hands on one. He sent a copy to President Kennedy, demanding to know whether or not the administration planned to accept the Ball recommendations. The Chief Executive's answer was a masterpiece of evasion. Within the past fortnight administration officials have moved in such a way as to indicate that the Ball recommendations have been implemented. 1. It was learned the State Department had tacitly given its blessing to the massive wheat deal signed by Canada with Soviet Union. Approved by Uncle Sam was the shipment of 220 mil­ lion bushels worth $500 million to the Soviet Union and Castro Cuba. 2. A Department spokesman, Robert McCloskey, revealed that U.S.-Soviet talks may be upcoming in which increased trade will be discussed. "We approve of peaceful trade with the Soviet bloc," McCloskey said. 3. Sen. Hubert Humphrey, Democratic whip, announced he would push hard for Increased East- West trade. He claimed to have in President Kennedy an "interested, attentive listener." 4. The President's brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy, spoke for the Administration when he voiced the hope for a "steady widening" of economic relations with Communist Poland. He said his brother favors inclusion of Poland in the "most favored nation" category of foreign traders. 5. Secretary of Commerce Luther Hodges, considered the most moderate of the President's advisers, said he would suggest to his boss an expansion of U.S. trade with the communist bloc. 6. Sen. George McGovern, former head of the Food for Peace agency, summed up Administration thinking by saying: "From every standpoint (trade with the Soviets) is in our economic interest and the sales will be made in any event by our allies." Note: Congressman Glen Lipscomb, one of the country's best experts on East-West trade, says the administration has consistently approved the sale of strategic materials to the Soviet bloc. ONE OF THE latest examples is the Commerce Department's okay for export to the Soviet Union of revolutionary new mining equipment which Lipscomb believes to have strategic importance. The administration has approved the following items for Soviet-bloc countries: To Yugoslavia: electronic tubes, copper cable, aircraft and automotive parts, iron and steel scrap, slccl pipe, petroleum products, borates, silicon, synthetic resins, electronic testing machines and parts. To Hungary: radioactive isotopes, chemical specialties, medical and pharmaceutical preparations, technical data. To Cuba: Technical data, medical equipment, radio transcriptions, office machinery. To East Germany: semi-conductors, surgical and medical equipment, synthetic resins, technical data, radioactive isotopes. To Czechoslovakia: industrial chemicals, industrial instruments and parts, rubber manufactures, synthetic rosins, safely apparel and equipment. To the Soviet Union: steel and iron staples, glass products, asbestos fiber, saw blades, heavy- duty industrial equipment, textile machinery and parts. Copyright 1963 Brutalization of Our Society Takes New Turn By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN WE HAVE BEEN assured by at least three generations of socially conscious uplifters that juvenile delinquency is a simple reflex of "underprivileged" economic conditions. Well, no doubt it is easier to behave decently on a full stomach (if only because torpor sets in), but certain recent events tend to undermine the idea that delinquency bears any particular relationship to questions of economics or of social class. There was the well-publicized case of the Gilded Youths of Long Island who wrecked the house, for example. But worse things than this have been happening. In Charleston, W. Va., a 15-year-old student in the local high school, Michael Murphy, was given the so-called "pink belly" hazing treatment recently by some upper classmen. The "pink belly" is a hazing process that consists of slapping and thumping a victim's stomach until the skin turns blood-fed from the irritation. In the case of young Mike Murphy, the hazing apparently drew so much blood away from certain vital organs that death resulted. THE POINT about this bit of semi-organized juvenile ferocity is that it was indulged in by youngsters who do not come within the "socially deprived" category. According to the students of Charleston High School, the practice of local hazing has been one of long standing. The "pink belly" has been part of a clande's- tine ritual required as an initiation into the school band. You've got to be "pink bellied" before you can toot a horn. Now, if Mike Murphy had been fatally beaten up on New York's West Side or in the Bronx, there would have been a lot of solemn rehashing of the Marxist materialist idea that "social stratification" was the cause of it. But Mike died in a small city that does not fit into a Marxist frame. The truth is that Mike died because our contemporary culture is deficient in turning young savages into morally responsible human beings by the time they come of high school age. A CULTURE, whether it is rich or poor, is apt to be just as humane as its grounding in moral ideas. These ideas have been wanting everywhere. Brutality in recent months has been far more spectacular among affluent or well-to-do youths than it has among the juvenile gangs of our big urban wildernesses. For example, in Joplin, Mo., sophomores in the local high school were rolled down hill in barrels as part of an initiation. Meanwhile, as the idea that brutality is amusing has been spreading among middle - class boys and girls, the "underprivileged" youths have been becoming more sedate. A professor of so­ cial work at Boston University, Dr. Saul Bernstein, has just completed a seven-month study of delinquent teen-age groups in the more poverty-stricken areas of Boston, New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Cleveland, Detroit, Washington, and Philadelphia. He has discovered a trend toward what he calls "sophistication" in juvenile gang warfare. The old-f a s h i o n e d harum-scarum "rumble" is on its way out. What does "sophistication" in gang fighting mean? It means, says Dr. Bernstein, applying a "cool" attitude toward a showdown between rival gangs. There has been a "marked decfease of the highly organized group." The smaller gangs are giving up weird costumes that advertise their identity and are now wearing unobtrusive street clothes. The "rumble" has been replaced by "snagging," which consists of a "cool" chastisement of a few — or even just one — members of a rival gang. EVEN AN IDEA from medieval chivalry has been taken over by the newer big city juvenile gangs, according to Dr. Bernstein. The chivalric technique is known as "the fair one." Two gangs will meet to watch a couple of chosen representatives fight it out as if they were Sir Lancelot and the Due de Montmorency engaging in a joust. Dr. Bernstein says the technique does not always succeed, for watchers have difficulty in keeping from joining the battle if their "tiger" seems to be losing. However, Dr. Bernstein has discovered that it is ideas and moral conventions, not economics, that govern social behavior. Do we need more inculcation of Christian ethics in the schools, not less? This is something the nine justices of the Supreme Court might ponder. Copyright 1963 Toughest Job in the World; Imposing Will on Others By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — The great American proclivity to sock somebody in the jaw when things don't go right is so strongly developed that it is recognized world-wide as a national characteristic. It is particularly pronounced when the fellow who ought to get slapped is smaller than the one who wants to throw the punches. This explains why some members of Congress want to cut off all aid to little South Vietnam until President Ngo Dinh Diem kicks his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu out of office and makes him stop harassing the Buddhists. It also may explain why Sen. Barry Goldwater wanted to tie a delayed ratification amendment onto the test ban treaty until the Russians get clean out of Cuba. This proposal not only was intended to get even with Premier Fidel Castro, but also with Russia's Nikita Khrushchev. It explains the barrage of verbal brickbats being tossed in the path of Yugoslavia's Marshal Tito, to welcome him on his visit to America in October. Other international characters Americans have from time to time wanted to see socked are President Gamal Abdel Nasser of the United Arab Republic, Prime Minister Nehru and his retired friend, H. V. Khrishna Menon, of India, President Su­ karno of Indonesia, Mao Tse- tung and the whole heirarchy of Red China, of course. There are times, even, when President Charles de Gaulle of America's oldest ally — France — has seemed to warrant on his forthcoming U.S. visit a welcoming kick on the shins. THE POWERFUL United States, of course, could lick any or all of these individuals and their countries. Yet the U.S. makes no move to overthrow any of these national leaders, either by force or by shutting off its aid. Because that doesn't work. One of the arguments fre- (Continued on page 5) REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Friday, Sept. 26, 1913 Dr. Gustav Andreen, president of Augustana College, gave Ins address on "The Fault of the Reformation That We Are Reaping" at the First Swedish Lutheran Church. The reception held at Whiting Hall for students of Knox College was attended by nearly every pupil. FINDING THE WAY What Are YOU Building? By RALPH W. LOEW, D.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. WHEN the men and women marched through the streets of Washington recently there were songs on their lips and a sparkle in their eyes. They were led by men who were pledged to nonviolence, who believed in their cause, and who had a new sense of vocation. They typified the challenge that besets so much of today's living. What made this remarkable is that all too many people have lost that light from their eyes and the songs from their hearts. Life has become meaningless, so they run scared, and try to protect something which is outlived. The threats of automation confront every laborer, but the far larger threat that challenges From Putaf The rdSl * I?' Present The TWENTY YEARS AGO Sunday, Sept. 26, 1943 The closing services of the fifth annual men's retreat at Corpus Christi Church was attended by many members of this church and St. Patrick's. The piano pupils of Mrs. John Barrow held a recital at 968 N. Prairie St. Those participating were Lois Lindberg, Margene Allen, Marjorie Lou Bauer, Joan Stouter, Genevieve White, Jean Jewsbury, Jane Nichols, June Baldwin, Dorothy Wilkinson and Verna Mathias. Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise; be thankful unto him, and bless his name. — Psalms 100:4. * * * God has two dwellings; one .in heaven, and the other in meek and thankful hearts.—Izaak Walton. Now You Know By United Press International Australia has an average of only 3.6 persons per square mile compared with 349 in India, according to the National Geographic Society. is the discovery of a sense of vocation. This brings to mind the classic story of the reporter who visited a construction site. He asked the workers what they were doing. One said he was laying bricks, another that he was earning a living to support his family. The third looked proudly at the building and said, "I am building a cathedral." That story loses its meaning for many because they can have no sense of what they are about. For them there is no cathedral. NO WONDER that they try to protect some way of life that was once known, or some skill that was once useful, and forget the challenge of the day in which they live. We live in a time when all too many of our energies are squandered on trifles and all too much of our time is frittered on nothingness. Yet there are millions who can show what can be done when the untapped resources of the human spirit are released. Nurses' aides, Red Cross aides and all kinds of volunteer workers in any city can witness to the dimension of happiness which has come to their lives as well as the sustaining strength they've brought to others. The Washington, D. C, woman who decided that there were hundreds who could assist the schools by teaching after hour's in remedial and personal tutoring, in addition to relieving teachers from many paperwork burdens which beset their schedules, added a new dimension of adaptability to the use of talents. JOHN HERSEY has correctly stated that "Man's greatest hazard of violence is not flood or fire or' earthquake or famine; it is his own capacity to act on the worst in his nature." This—and the ability to lose any sense of vocation which can enable him to live self-forgetfully. Crossword Puzzzle Here and There Answer to Previous PUMIO m ACROSS 1 Polish city 6 Vatican — 11 Baltimore— 13 Blunt 12 Gaelic 13 Small hollows 18 Cereal grain 20 Shell hole 21 Eye membrane 22 Fishermen (Jalesburg lister-Mail 14 CUmbtog device 15 Masculine 24 Close I«A P K?K 0 ^W 25 Culmination 16 Abstract being 2 6 Reticent one 17 Scion 19 Mariner's direction 20 Originates 24 Mother-of- pearl 27 African flies Scutage in feudal times was a knight's fee, paid: to his lord, sometimes in order to avoid having to serve in a campaign. The high rate of scutage levied by England's King John—without even the excuse of a war— was one of the grievances which led the barons to*demand the Magna Carta in 1215. O €acytfc»«0A Mtomic* Office lto Soutn Prairie Street, Galesburg, Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 342-6181 Entered ns Second Class Matter at the Pott Office at Galesburg, Illinois, under Act of Congress oi March 3. 1879. DaUy except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmitb__- Publisher Charles Morrow Editor and Genera! Manager M. B. Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay —Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles. Philadelphia Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OS" CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOC1A TED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week By RED mall In our retail trading zone: 1 Year 91040 8 Months S3 .60 6 Months $ 6.00 I Month 91 -25 No mail subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail trading cone outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 80s By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, Iowa and Missouri and by motor route In retail trading zone 1 Year 113.00 3 Months |3.7i 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month 91.25 By mall outside Illinois Iowa and Missouri 1 Year 918 00 9 Months $ 9.60 3 Months 93.00 1 Month 92.00 31 Applause 32 French stream S3 Italian violin maker 84 Witch of —— 35 Repair* anew 88 Becomes rancid (diaL) 39 Dark 41 Hops' kfla 44 Bodily organ 45 Presidential nickname 48 Mariner 61 Opposite oi former 64 Chargers 65 Warning devices 66 High home 67 Dormouse DOWN 1 Rodent 2 Persia 3 Covers 4 Bow slightly 6 British beverage 6 Indian weight 7 Light brown 8 Fruit drinks 9 Hardy heroine WGiau4 (bar,) (coll.) 28 Lateral part 29 Greek love god 30 Withered 36Tintera 37 Crafty 40 Lampreys 41Larissan mountain 42 Glut 49 Hawaiian 43 Row garland 45 Passage in the 50 Poem brain 52 Trouble 46 Gambling game 53 Cornish town 47 Formerly (prefix) \ 3 4 8- V T" 9 10 11 13 14 15 IS I 1" m 24 • 25 26 • 28 29 W 31 1 32 33 1 II 35 38 39 41 42 ••" • 46' 48 bl 5? 53 54 55 56 57 2S jreWSPAPS* ENTEBPBISE ASSN, 1

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