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Home Paper ot. 70 Communities Galesburg Register-Mail Fair Tonight Low Neaf 60 Faif Saturday Too High Mid-80s A Better Ncmpapcr VOLUME LXXXII — 147 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 61401 — FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 1973 PRICE TEN CENTS Nixon, Brezhnev Sign Nuclear Pact Astroiumts Splashdown Splashdown on Tar ABOARD USS TICONDEROGA (UPI)' - Skylab's astronauts landed in "super shape" in the Pacific Ocean today and walked shakily a few minutes later to the doctors' offices to see how well they had withstood a record 28 days in space. The bullseye splashdown and quick recovery by this veteran aircratfit carrier marked a flawless end to a mission that started with failure. The flight took a major step toward giving man a place in space. Charles "Pete" Conrad, Joseph P. Kerwin and Paul J. Weitz. returned in the Apollo command ship in which they were launched May 25. The big space station remained in earth-orbit, ready for its next crew in five weeks. President Nixon quickly sent a telegram to the men who had |just completed an 11.5 million- mile journey and invited them to visit him at San Clemente, Calif., Sunday. "You have given conclusive evidence that even with the most advanced scientific and technological support in the world, the courage and resourcefulness of good men are still central to the success of the human adventure," the President said. Conrad, commander .of the naition's first space station mission, reassured recovery forces several times that he and his crewmen were all right after the strenuous re-entry |which had built up deceleration forces 3 '/2 times the force of gravity. "Everybody's in super shape," Conrad radioed after three orange and white striped parachutes eased the command module into the gently rolling seas of the Pacific 834 miles southwest of San Diego. The spacecraft was hoisted aboard this ship with the pilots still inside, a switch from past procedures made to keep the astronauts' exertion to a minimum. Medics were ready to carry Conrad, Kerwin and Weitz on stretchers, if necessary, from their scorched capsule to the blue mobile medical laboratories 66 feet away. The cone-shaped capsule was placed on an elevator deck, 25 feet /above the water, at 10:28 a.m., a fast 38 minutes after splashdown. "We've all got our seat belts fastened so hoist us right up," said Conrad, a Navy captain, as the line was hooked to a loop at the top of the command ship. Before leaving the spacecraft, Kerwin, America's first space physician, took his own and then the pulse rate and blood pressure of his colleagues to determine how their bodies were withstanding the rigors of gravity after going without it for four weeks. Before the Apollo hatch was opened, technicians attached plugs and fuel vent lines to the control rocket nozzles. Kerwin briefed Dr. Charles Ross, the Skylab flight surgeon, on the pilots' condition before the hatch was opened. Doctors had feared that blood would rush to the pilots' tegs as they stood ' because of a temporary weakened condition of the circulatory systems resulting from the long exposure to the lack of gravity. Such blood pooling could cause a man to pass out. WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev pledged today to avoid military confrontations and threats of force that mgiht lead to nuclear war between their two nations. In a policy declaration, the leaders of the two nuclear superpowers agreed to "immediately enter into urgent consultations with each other" should the risk of a nuclear conflict became apparent. Eighth Agreement Nixon and Brezhnev signed the agreement —the eighth since the start of their summit talks —in a ceremony in the East Room of the White House a few hours before their scheduled departure aboard the presidential jetliner for San Clemente, Calif., for the conclusion of their week-long .conference. In the agreement, the two leaders promised that the [United States and the Soviet Union "will act in such a manner as to prevent the development of situations capable of causing a dangerous exacerbation of their relations, as to avoid miliitary confrontations, and to exclude the i outbreak of nuclear war between them and between either of the parties and other countries." Nuclear Weapon Treaty President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid next year a treaty calling for mutual reduc- Brezhnev signed an agreement committing tion of neclcar weapons. The ceremony took their nations to negotiate before the end of place in the East Room of the White House. leaders of both parties on the declaration, which is a statement of policy —not a treaty — and, therefore does not require Senate ratification. White House, Brezhnev arranged to meet with 40 American businessmen to sell them on expanded trade with Russia. Demo Chief Denies Castro Funding The accord also calls for the signatories to proceed from the premise that each will refrain "from the-threat or use of force against the other party,,against the allies of the other party, and against other countries, in circumstances which may endanger international peace and security." Briefed Leaders In advance of the signing, Nixon briefed congressional Presidential adviser Henry A. Kissinger said the intent of the doctrine was "to prevent the outbreak of nuclear war." The decision of the two leaders to hold a third summit conference in as many years was announced at a lavish banquet at the Soviet Embassy. In a jovial atmosphere, Nixon and Brezhnev dined and toasted each other after signing pacts earlier in the day to speed nuclear arms negotiations and cooperate in research on (peaceful uses of nuclear energy- Trade Expansion Before they boarded the 'Spirit of 76" for a late afternoon flight to the Western Raising their glasses in a red and gold trimmed banquet room Thursday night, Nixon and Brezhnev pledged a continued effort to expand Soviet- American friendship. ... The Soviet Union's line at improving relations with the United States is not some temporary phenomenon," the stocky Brezhnev said. "It is a firm and consistent'line reflecting the permanent principles of Soviet foreign policy ... It is a line that rests on the full support of our people." Nixon replied he hoped the third summit meeting could be held next June. He indicated he wished the meetings to become annual affairs. Where To Find It 2 SECTIONS 26 PAGES Amusement 6 Bushncll - 5 Churches 10 Classified Ads ..22-23-24-25 Comics-Radio __ 18 Editorial 4 Galva 5 Hospital Notes 13 Knoxville 21 Markets 19 Monmouth 12 Obituary 13 Sports - 16-17 TV - 7-8 Weather 2 Women in the News ... 9 JL WASHINGTON (UPI) - Robert S. Strauss, chairman of the Democratic National Committee, has given sworn testimony in which he termed "ridiculous" the notion that the Castro government in Cuba gave money to the Democratic presidential campaign. Strauss thus denied one of the premises of the Watergate bugging. Some of the convicted conspirators, including Bernard L. Barker, have said they were looking for evidence to back up reports of such Cuban payments. "I thought it was the most ridiculous suggestion that I believe I have ever heard and I know of no money like that that came in," Strauss said in a pretrial deposition in connection with his committee's $6.4 million civil suit against the Republicans for damages resulting from the bugging. Meanwhile, a furor was growing on Capitol Hill over the latest round of news leaks in the Watergate case, many of them involving testimony secretly given by former presi dential counsel John W. Dean III, who testifies in public next week. Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield urged the Watergate committee to adopt "stricter procedures" to prevent leaks of preliminary testimony. Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott charged that "a great many people" were waging "separate campaigns" to their own ends through "manipulation of leaks." Conspiracy Afoot A Watergate committee member, Sen. Lowell P. Weicker Jr., R-Conn., said in a television interview (with Martin Agronsky) that a conspiracy was afoot to discredit Dean's testimony in advance. One set of documents recently leaked involved a White House summary making Dean appear as the prime person covering up the scandal. Other leaked information concerned reported testimony by Dean that he borrowed Republican campaign money to finance his honeymoon. President's Homes Cost $2 Million WASHINGTON (UPI) - The federal government says it has spent nearly $2 million improving President Nixon's homes in Florida and California, all of it relating to "security." The White House also • disclosed that businessman Robert H. Abplanalp, who helped the President buy his San Clemen tc, Calif., retreat, has been getting some money back in the form of rent associated with Nixon's Key Biscayne, Fla., place. A month ago the White House had listed $39,000 in federal funds for improving the Western White House at San Clemente since Nixon bought it in 1969. Figure Raised Last week, after a further search of records, it raised this figure to $460,302. On Thursday, General Services Administration (GSA), the government's housekeeping agency, said a still more extensive audit put the total federal expenditure at San Clemente at $703,367 over four fiscal years beginning July 1, 1969. This included only the residence there, not the White House office space. GSA listed for the first time the federal expenditure for improvements, equipment, operation and maintenance at the White House complex at Key Biscayne, including both residence and office space— $1,180,522, spread over five fiscal years beginning July 1, 1968. Staff Rent Included in the Key Biscayne figure was $161,463 for renting two houses in the complex for the Secret Service and White House communications staff. The White House said one of these houses is owned by Abplanalp and the other is owned in the name of Edwin H. Underwood, trustee for the Indiana National Bank, Indianapolis. The White House said all of the taxpayers' money spent in San Clemente and Key Biscayne was for security-related improvements and that all work was done at the request of the Secret Service, not the President. The GSA data showed items such as $53,644 in fiscal 1970 for interior security and communications at San Clemente. It also included $3,303 in fiscal 1970 for golf carts for the Secret Service patrol at Key Biscayne. mm bram i itk JWTHW 2d Enterprising Businessman A shrewd ice cream vendor takes advantage of the metro- a warm day to sell ice cream to motorists headed homo In politan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority driver's strike and the steamy bumper-to-bumper traffic on the freeway. ill nunc v *« < — r » — ^ . Phase IV To Include Food, Gasoline Price Lids _ . . P ? i _. l . ~ t'L.i .i ! n #l i rt'i \r \il i \tn Qmf\ WASHINGTON (UPI) Phase IV of the administration's economic program, the period that will follow the current 60-day price freeze, will include "strong measures" to hold down food and gasoline prices. This promise was made Thursday by Chairman Herbert Stein of President Nixon's Council of Economic Advisers. Stein also hinted the freeze might be lifted before its scheduled expiration in mid- August. Nixon imposed the freeze last week, saying his administration would use the 60-day period to put together the Phase IV program. Stein amplified administration policy in a 12-page statement titled "The Freeze and After" issued Thursday. "Whatever the mechanism may be, Phase IV is obviously going to contain strong measures for holding down the rise of food prices," the economist wrote. "The President has given a similar directive for gasoline prices at the pump." Stein said the goal of Phase IV would be to slow inflation "to a rate at which the American people no longer regard inflation as the No. 1 national problem." A monthly Labor Department report issued Thursday said the cost of living went up 0.6 per cent in May. This compared to an 0.7 per cent rise in February, an 0.9 per cent increase in March and an 0.7 per cent gain in April. Meat prices went down 0.1 per cent last month, the report said, the first decline since December. Meat prices have climbed 13.2 per cent since the first of the year. There were complaints about the administration's handling of the situation Thursday from the Senate Agriculture Committee and two food-producing groups. The Agriculture Committee said in a statement the freeze program could prove "disastrous" by producing shortages of food. The members called on Nixon to remove raw food products from the freeze at once and place them under a "Phase IV plan which hopefully will be better adapted to the special needs and problems of agricultural production." Below-Cost Situation Cited At the same time, the National Fishers Institute said some of its members expect soon to start curtailing production of frozen fish portions and fish .sticks because of a pinch caused by the price freeze. And spokesmen for egg producers told the Cost of Living Council in a statement that the freeze had "locked shell egg producers into a below cost-of-production situation." The United Egg Producers organization said consumer supplies would be "drastically reduced" unless something is done. Stein indicated the freeze might end sooner than the 60 said Whito House are assembling "so that we can it as .soon as days. He economists Pi i use JV announce possible" Another high official told newsmen the freeze might be lifted on a piecemeal basis- freeing some parts of the economy to raise prices while keeping the Jid on other industries with serious inflationary problems.