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4 Golesburg Reaistef-Moil, Golesburg, III. Wed, Sept. 25, 1963 'He Stuck in His Thumb and . . .' iwctir Illinois an Deplores Threat of Managed News EDITORIAL Comment and Review Wandering in the Wilderness Protection of the last of America the Beautiful's virginal lands against the depredations of spoilers is a cause the country's conservation-minded citizens feel is worth fighting for, and the battle surely has been joined. It revolves around legislation to establish a National Wilderness Preservation System under which land not yet developed in any way should be kept in its natural state. Last April the Senate passed such legislation, 73-12, for the second time since 1961, but it remains impounded in the House Interior Committee. Conservationists confidently expect President Kennedy to make a strong plea during his western trip for the saving of what Sigurd Olson has called the "singing wilderness." At issue is how some great areas of federally-owned wilderness can best be preserved for generations without depriving the economy of the mineral, timber and power resources these areas may hold. The Wilderness bill as last passed by the Senate would place 8.2 million acres of national forest (already classified as "wilderness," "wild" or "canoe" areas) permanently in the proposed wilderness system. An additional 57.2 million acres of public lands would go into the system conditionally for a period of 10 years. Any or all of the latter acreage could be made a permanent part of the system by Presidential recommendations to Congress, which would take effect automatically unless vetoed by one or the other of the two houses. Opponents of the Wilderness bill maintain that it would be next-to-impossible to win approval of a relationship blocking additions to the system. They want a requirement for affirmative action by Congress before any Presiden tial recommendation would be binding. Western economic interests complain that the Senate version would "lock up" wilderness resources by barring prospecting unless specifically authorized by the President. Conservationists reply that restrictions against permanent roads, use of motor vehicles, and operation of commercial enterprises, are necessary to prevent the primitive environment from being disturbed. Is it true that ample terrain already has been set aside to accommodate the limited number of citizens able to afford pack trips into the roadless wilderness areas? Minority views on the Senate's 1961 version of the Wilderness bill went so far as to call it "class legislation." But conservationists point out that wilderness areas are already being enjoyed by 2 million to 3 million persons annually and that the nation's population will have nearly doubled by the year 2000 while the demand for recreation will have tripled. True wilderness is not a renewable resource. Once cut over, mined or otherwise exploited, it is no longer an undisturbed natural area. Rep. Wayne Aspinall, D-Colo., chairman of the House Interior Committee, holds the key to the immediate future of wilderness legislation. Although he has set no date for committee action, he is coming under strong pressure from the White House and from some of his colleagues. "Without wilderness this country will become a cage," says Sen. Frank Church, D-Oregon. The modern American, urbanized and motorized though he may be, seems still to want plenty of room to play Daniel Boone when he hears the call of the wild. The Acquiring of Competence Of all establishments that induct raw materials and turn them into finished products the college is most outstanding. Its raw materials are the most diverse, its products ditto, but the results predictable. As the new freshman group matriculates at Knox, Galesburg community attention centers on these young people with interest and the impulse of hospitality. Many of the new students will become fond of the good features of our community, which we think are numerous. Many will complete their four-year course at Knox and in future times return for collegiate or class Gems of Thought HONOR AND GLORY Honor lies in honest toil. —Grover Cleveland The louder he talked of his honor, the faster we counted our spoons. —Ralph Waldo Emerson It is a worthier thing to deserve honor than to possess it. —Thomas Fuller That glory only is imperishable which is fixed in one's own moral make-up. —Mary Baker Eddy You can be deprived of your money, your job and your home by someone else, but remember that no one can ever take away your honor. —William Lyon Phelps . Real glory springs from the silent conquest $ ourselves. ^-Joseph Parrish Thompson occasions, always with a feeling of coming home. Many of the young people matriculating now will achieve great success. We know this is so because there never has been a freshman class entering Knox of which that prediction did not come true. They will learn that success is not just one thing, but can be many types of achievements. Much haphazard thinking goes on, as to the results which can be achieved by attending college, but just two words express it best —Acquiring Competence. Apply the words any way you wish; they're flexible. True that these young people have been in the process of increasing their abilities for some time, but the advanced, or collegiate, stratum of the process is a new and exhilarating plateau in their ascent. Galesburg is proud to share with Knox College the privilege of helping the members of the Class of 1967 begin, and continue, their increasing of competence at the skills of life. The Register-Mail joins all other citizens of Galesburg in a sincere welcome, a wish to cooperate in whatever way is found possible, and in best wishes for a successful year on the progressive campus of this grand old college. By FULTON LEWIS JR. WASHINGTON—A combat veteran of World War II, crevvcut Paul Findley runs two small weeklies in downstatc Illinois (Pittsficld and Griggsville, Pike County). Voters in that slate's 20th Congressional District have twice sent publisher Findley to Washington and he is one of the few members of either house whose background is that of a working newsman. Findley, to a greater extent than most Congressmen, sees the threat of managed news. He predicts a federal news service if current trends continue. He bases that opinion on the words and deeds of administration officials. Lee Loevinger, a Kennedy- appointed member of the Federal Communications Commission, recently suggested a "broadcast news association" be set up to compete with AP and UPI in the dissemination of news for radio and television. He claimed that present wire services are oriented toward the printed, not the spoken word. He implied they should be replaced with a specific radio news service. Loevinger made his observations at the same time that an administration colleague was setting up his own news agency. Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman was creating the Market News Service to provide cost- free reports and data on farm market activities for publications across the country. THE AGRICULTURE Department has 19,000 miles of tele-, typewriter circuits to carry news to "clients" in every corner of the country. Its spanking new service now threatens with extinction . a privately-owned news agency, the P.A.M. News Corporation, which serves some 300 customers. The American Newspaper Publishers Association has issued a statement protesting against "the highly improper nature of the (Freeman) news service." It pointed out that the department can .cancel service to any client for any reason when "in its sole judgment, such cancellation is desirable." The publishers association declared: "This provision would permit U.S. Government censorship in one of its most odious forms." The publishers envisaged possible cancellation of the service to a newspaper whose editorials happened to be critical of the Administration. "Thus," the publishers observed, "this news service has transcendent importance. If it is not halted now it could lead to further ambitious attempts by this and any other U.S. government agencies to expand and enter into competition with private news agencies. "An expansion of this concept \vou'd result in a government- controlled news service such as presently exists in some other countries, including the Soviet Union, where the so-called news service Tass is government-owned and operated." Congressman Findley insists the government is not always a reliable source of information. He notes the philosophy of Arthur Sylvester, Undersecretary of Defense, who insists government has "the inherent right to lie." FREEMAN especially has utilized the half-truth in plugging for passage of pet projects such as the administration wheat program. There are now too many government press agents. More than 3,000 separate press releases have rolled off the Department of Agriculture mimeo machines so far this year. We need more good reporters, says Rep. Findley, and fewer propagandists. He adds: "Sp o o n-fceding Washington's press corps from a mountain of press releases is bad for report ers and bad for freedom. Like farmers who get dependent on government checks, reporters get dependent on press releases. Farmers forget how to farm and reporters forget how to dig for news. "Government domination of news gathering and distribution means the end of competition as the discipline that makes for quality, accuracy and integrity." GOVERNMENTS do not rise and fall on the integrity of their press releases, the Congressman says, but newspapers do. If a reporter is inaccurate, warped or slanted in his writing, he will lose his job. If a wire service goes astray its customers will buy elsewhere. If newspapers and magazines are not reliable they will lose their readers. But government writers, feeding copy into the teletype machines, risk their jobs only when they get out of tune with their boss. Copyright 1963 Temper Sympathy for Britain with Reproach By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE BRITISH, in relinquishing their hold on their old colonics, have been exceedingly fair and decent. But in freeing everything that remains of the old British empire in Southeast Asia to permit the birth of an independent Federation of Malaysia, they are learning that decency has its handicaps. For their fair-mindedness about Malaysia, they have incurred the covetous wrath of those rampant new imperialists, the Indonesians, who want part of the Malaysian territory for themselves. It was this covetousness that pushed the Indonesian mobs to loot and burn the three-story British Embassy in Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia. Sukarno, the boss of Indonesia, has apologized for the action, but he shows no signs himself of repudiating the rampant new imperialism that stirred ten thou sand of his subjects to their incendiary hooliganism. He still wants Malaysian territory for himself. So, incidentally, do the Filipinos, who have put in a shadowy claim to North Borneo. This substitution of new imperi alisms for old makes a mockery of the hopes of the world for a new spirit. A united Congo, far from being grateful for help in establishing peace within its own borders, gives sanctuary to a Holden Roberto, who would "free" neighboring Portuguese Angola by clubbing and murdering all those Angolans who would prefer to be led into the future by some other savior. The newly emergent nations of Africa are doing their best to turn the UN into a power mechanism that will interfere in the internal affairs of any member nation that displeases the majority. In Burma, the strong man General Ne Win is repaying help from Britain and the United States by making deals with the pro-Mao Tse-tung Burmese Communist Party. IN GENERAL, the behavior of many of the new nations, which should be taking world leadership by bending over backward to uphold strict standards of decency and justice, recalls the gloomy observation made by old General Tasker Bliss at the Versailles Peace Conference of 1919. "The submerged nations," so Bliss wrote home to his wife, "are coming to the surface and as soon as they appear they fly at somebody's throat. They are like mos- quitos, vicious from the moment of birth." Because of the behavior of the Indonesians toward the British, the Macmillan government deserves all manner of sympathy. But the United States should temper its expression of con dolences with some regretful reproaches. For the British have done very little to help us deal with the Cuba of Fidel Castro, which has behaved toward us very much as the Indonesians have been behaving in destroying British property and menacing the lives of British citizens. Castro has even invaded British territory in the Bahamas in the effort to maintain his own maritime equivalent of the Berlin Wall. The British finally got around to protesting this act of invasion. But they still persist in trading with Castro, letting ship after ship carry the Union Jack into Cuban harbors. This makes a travesty of the efforts of the United States to maintain an embargo of Castro, whose imperialism is even now threatening the integrity of the British Colony of British Guiana, which will probably be free only to fall into hands of Castroites. SINCE Jan. 1 the U.S. Maritime Commission has maintained a blacklist of Free World ships that are trading with Cuba. The names of 53 British ships now appear on that blacklist, which makes Britain an even worse offender than Greece, which has let 52 ships take goods to Cuba. Our way of punishing Britons and Greeks has been to deny a blacklisted ship the right to carry U.S. government cargo. This means nothing to the British or the Greeks, who have other ships to send into U.S. ports. By all means, let us make a united front with the British in opposing the imperialist designs of Indonesia's Sukarno on old British territories in Malaysia. But in exchange, the British should help us to deal with that most troublesome bone in our own throat, Fidel Castro. Copyright 1963 Consumers' Council Is Set to Get Ready to Begin By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) — The long-awaited report of President Kennedy's Consumers' Advisory Council under the chairmanship of Dr. Helen G. Conoyer, dean of Cornell's School of Economics, probably will be made public in early October when the group holds its sixth two-day session in Washington. The advance word is that the report will not set the country on fire or start a march of consumers on Washington to demand their rights. In its first year's work the Consumers' Advisory Council of six men and six women — call them CAC for short — has done little more than sort out the problems. There is a long historical chapter, reviewing relations between consumers and government since the New Deal days. The peak of government interest in protecting consumers came in the OPA era of price controls and rationing during World War Two. Anything that has happened after that is in a sense anticlimax. BUT ANOTHER section of the CAC report reviews everything that has happened in the Kennedy administration thus far which has been intended to benefit consumers in any way. Since most of these continuing programs were launched before the President sent Congress his special message on protecting consumer interests in March 1962, thei'e is nothing particularly new here. Housing acts of 1961 and 1962, for example, antedate the consumer movement agitation. Securities and Exchange Commission also has done a comprehensive job investigating t h e stock, mutual investment fund and over - the - counter markets. But its work — which probably will result in new regulations and legislation was begun long before the Kennedy consumer program got hot. The President's legislative recommendations in the consumer field have met with only limited success so far. On food and drug safety, the thalidomide case was responsible for waking up Congress on the need for greater protection as embodied in the late Sen. Kefauver's bill. THE DOCTOR SAYS Some Thoughts on Subject of Smoking During Pregnancy By WAYNE G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Newspaper Enterprise Assn. Many do-it-yourself vacationists run afoul of local building ordinances by making improvements to their second residences. Small town and vacation resort building codes oiien are as strict as big city codes. Does cigarette smoking during pregnancy affect the baby? Those who are uncompromisingly opposed to smoking have stoutly maintained that it does. But recent studies of women smokers and nonsmokers indicate that the effect is not so great as many have thought. In the first place, there is no evidence that in a woman who has been a heavy smoker and has given it up, her early smoking habits will affect the baby. Furthermore smoking less than 20 cigarettes a day during pregnancy does not appear - to do any harm. The babies of women who Past; J£j Present Then I told them of the haud of my God which was good upon me; as also the king's words that he had spoken unto me. And they said, Let us rise up and build. So they strengthened their hands for this good work.—Nehemiah 2:18. * * * He who would really benefit mankind must reach them through their work.—Henry Ford. smoked more than a pack a day weighed less at birth than those of moderate smokers and nonsmokers. As long as the birth weight does not drop below 5 VJ pounds, this is no disadvantage. It might even be considered an advantage, since it makes for an easier birth. But mothers who smoke heavily had proportionately twice as many babies that weighed under 5V> pounds. Such babies are considered premature regardless of how many weeks pregnancy has lasted and these babies require special care. No other difference in the babies of the two groups were observed. I cite these figures to illustrate the unreliability of jumping to conclusions without a thorough study. In this case, the findings were confirmed by different teams of observers working independently of each other. There are many reasons to avoid excessive smoking beside the possible effect on the baby. There is even a growing belief (Continued on page 11) The "Truth in Lending" bill fought for so earnestly by Sen. Paul Douglas, D-Ill., and others, is still having difficulties in spite of recent hearings, but may sneak through. THE SAME is true of the "Truth in Packaging" bill introduced by Sen. Philip D. Hart, D- Mich. CAC endorses both. But this latter proposal is running into competition from the so - called "Quality Stabilization Bill," which CAC opposes. This legislation has so many congressional sponsors, however, that if it is ever cleared by the House Rules Committee, it will probably pass. The assumption is that it would be vetoed, but it might even override a veto. One mapor development, since the President's message suggested it, is the establishment in 23 government agencies of offices to protect consumer interests. These include all 10 cabinet level departments, some of which — like Health, Education and Welfare — have been built around protecting the public. THERE IS no central co-ordination of programs by these offices, however, and this is where the Consumers - ' Advisory Council may cai*ve out its future niche of usefulness. Dr. Walter Heller, chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers under whom CAC REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Thursday, Sept. 25, 1913 At the closing session of the annual Universalist convention in Galesburg, William Holly of Chicago was re-elected president of the state organization. Rev. A. R. Fisk of Galesburg was named as a clergy delegate to the general convention. "However much people may differ in their attitude towards Christian Science, everyone will admit that it has done many good things," Virgil O. Strickler of New York City said in a lecture at Beecher Chapel. TWENTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Sept. 25, 1943 Fire from a rubbish pile was believed to have spread to the Central City Roofing Co., 551 E. Main St. Damage was slight, authorities said. Rev. Joseph Clare of Aurora arrived at Knox College where he was to teach mathematics and physics in the Army Air Force program. has worked, believes that it needs a full-time executive director, an economist and a small staff. There was some grousing in CAC that it did not get launched with a bigger budget and more authority. But it is conceded that CAC has yet to establish this need. Just what the government's role in consiuner protection should be has not been clearly defined. This is one problem that the new Consumers' Advisory Council may work on next year. Its first report is said merely to lay down the base lines from winch to start. Qalesburgf lfeglster-Mafl Office 140 South frame Street Galesburg, Illinois rEHfiPHUNt. NUMBEH Register-Mail Exchange 342-S161 Entered -s Second Class Matter at tha Post Office at Galesburg 1111- nois, under ^ct of Congress of M--<*h 3 1879 Dally except Sunday Ethel Custer Schmlth Publisher Charles Morrow .„ Editor and General Manager ftl. H Eddy Associate KditOT And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New YorK, Chicago Detroit. Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia. Charlotte. 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