Welcome Extended To Knox Freshmen: Editorial Column, Page Four Qalesburg Register-Mail Weather Stripe Red No Temperature Change Tonight and Thursday With High Near 80 V0LUMEU<XII~ 226* A Better Newspaper GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Living Costs Hold Steady In August WASHINGTON (UPI)-The cost of living held steady in August and there are no signs of any strong inflationary trend before the end of the year, the Labor Department reported today. The Bureau of Labor Statistics said lower food prices offset increases in transportation and recreation costs last month. As a result, the department's price index held steady at the July level of 107.1. This was 1.5 per cent higher than a year ago, however. The food index dropped .2 per cent in August as sharp declines in prices of fresh fruits and vegetables more than offset higher prices for meats, fresh milk and eggs. The drop meant that a housewife could purchase for $10.60 in August the same market basket of food that cost $10.62 in July and $10 in the base period 1957-59. The department also reported that net spendable earnings of factory production workers dropped between July and August but still their weekly pay check was 39 cents larger than a year ago. The drop, the second in two months, reflected a 2 cent cut in average hourly earnings, resulting mainly from seasonal declines in employment in high - wage j industries. Dominican Army and Police Seize Power, Outlaw All Leftists SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic (UPI) — The armed forces deposed and arrested President Juan Bosch today in a military coup proclaimed as a blow against the rise of communism in the Dominican Republic. The revolt leaders dissolved parliament, set up a provisional government, outlawed the new constitu tion which Bosch rammed through the congress last July and outlawed the Communist party. Bosch and his entire cabinet were held prisoners in the presidential palace. A manifesto signed by 27 ranking officers of the army, navy, air force and police pledged continued Dominican adherence to international commitments. Active Again The coup leaders included Generals Antonio Imbert and Luis Amiama, only survivors of the group of rebels who assassinated ex-dictator Rafael L. Trujillo to start the Dominican Republic on its march to democracy after more than three decades of dictatorship. Following up the manifesto's outlawing of the Communist party, police immediately threw a cordon around the headquarters Bomb Blasts Birmingham's Negro Area BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP) — Another bomb blast shook Birmingham today a few hours after a two-man presidential team arrived to help restore racial unity to the big steel city. There were no reports of casualties and no disorder. Two explosions were reported to police, but officers could find evidence of only one bomb. The latest bombing — Birmingham has had more than 40 since World War II — was in a middle income Negro neighborhood on Birmingham's southside, across town from the 16th Street Baptist Church where four girls were killed in a blast Sept. 15. Team Arrives The church bombing climaxed months of racial unrest and resulted in the sending of former Secretary of the Army Kenneth Royall and former Army football coach Earl Blaik to the city. The presidential team had set up meetings today with white and Negro leaders. The bombing was reported to police at 1:30 a.m. Police Lt. P. W. Lloyd said that Negroes in the neighborhood were 'the most orderly group of colored people I have ever seen." Officers said that apparently someone from a moving car tossed an undetermined amount of explosive at a street intersection. The house nearest the intersection was damaged extensively. Plelineted police officers and state troopers cut off traffic into the area. Small knots of Negroes gathered outside their homes, but no incidents were reported. JFK Signs Bill WASHINGTON (UPI) - President Kennedy signed into law Tuesday a $236 million medical education bill, the first phase of a long-range program to produce more doctors and dentists. The bill provides $175 million over a three-year period for construction and renovation of schools of medicine, dentistry and other "health professions," and $61 million to finance student loans. of the pro-Castro "14th of June" party. The coup was pulled off at 3 a.m. First reports indicated it was carried out without gunfire or bloodshed. Called Corrupt Radio Santo Domingo, the government transmitter, told people of the coup in a pre-davvn announcement, saying "the corrupt and pro-Communist government of Juan Bosch has been deposed by a coup d'etat." The announcement called for public calm and order and warned citizens against being tricked into violence by Communist agitators. All schools were closed by government order. A bulletin broadcast by Radio Santo Domingo invited the opposition National Civic Union, Social Democrat Alliance, Dominican Revolutionary Vanguard, Christian Democrat, Nationalist Democratic Revolutionary and Christian Democrat Progressive parties to choose a provisional government. Meet Immediately It said the leaders of the parties named had accepted the invitation and met immediately to draft a government. The coup came just 24 hours after apparent collapse of an anti- Communist general strike called by opponents of Bosch. The coup also coincided with new tensions between Haiti and the Dominican Republic over border incidents. The Bosch regime earlier this week had protested to the organization of American States against alleged Haitian "aggression," only to admit later the Haitian fire directed against Dominican soil was being directed against guerrilla forces. UNDER ARREST — President Juan Bosch (above) of the Dominican Republic has been ousted by the military and police in a coup to outlaw all forms of communism. The whereabouts of Bosch so far remains a secret. UNIFAX Where to Find It 4 SECTIONS 40 PAGES Abingdon 31 Amusement 6 Bushnell 6 Classified Ads 36-37-38-39 Comics-TV-Radio 18 Editorial 4 Food Section 22-29 Gaiva 6 Hospital Notes 6 Kuoxville -- 31 Markets 31 Monmouth 19 Obituary 36 Sports 33-34-35 Weather - 2 Women in the News .... 13-14 Police Club Down Monk in Saigon Today SAIGON, Viet Nam (AP) — Evidently hoping to capitalize on the presence of President Kennedy's top military advisers in Saigon, some Buddhists today made their first attempt in five weeks to demonstrate against President Ngo Dinh Diem's-government. Accompanied by two civilians, a yellow-robed monk defiantly tried to unfurl a multicolored Buddhist flag in front of the National Assembly building. Police clubbed him down. They arrested him and his companions, then blocked off the plaza in a hunt for other monks. Five monks garbed as peasants were rounded up from nearby shops and arcades and dispatched to police headquarters in taxicabs. Hundreds of Vietnamese and foreigners witnessed the incident. This was the first such outburst in South Viet Nam's political- religious crisis since troops and police, operating under martial law, cracked down on Buddhist opposition leaders in the pagoda raids of Aug. 21. It happened less than 100 yards from, the U.S. Information Agency building where newsmen were being briefed on the day's activities of Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Yemen Celebrates CAIRO, U.A.R. (UPI) — A 21- gun salute will usher in festivities marking the Yemeni republican revolution's first anniversary, the Middle East News Agency (MENA) reported Tuesday. MENA said a new electric power station and aew roads will be opened Thursday on the anniversary of the revolt against the royalist regime. White House Optimistic Over Tax Cut WASHINGTON (UPI) - Confident of victory, administration forces pressed for House passage today of an $11 billion tax cut, biggest in history. As the showdown votes approached, the tide was running against Republican leaders in their attempt to attach an anti- spending amendment to the tax- cutting bill or defeat it on final passage. Republican forces charged that it would be fiscally irresponsible for Congress to approve President Kennedy's plea for tax cuts without imposing specific spending curbs on him. Replying to this argument, Rep. Wilbur D. Mills, D-Ark., told the House Tuesday in almost so many words that enactment of the tax cut would make it harder for Kennedy to win congressional approval of new spending programs. House Keeps Bill Change Under Cover WASHINGTON (AP)-A sweeping ban on racial discrimination in places of public accommodation has reportedly been added to the administration's civil rights bill by a House Judiciary sub committee. An authoritative source said the action was taken Tuesday but was not made public at the request of the administration because of the crucial vote coming today on President Kennedy's tax cut bill The votes of Southern Democrats arc needed to defeat a Republican amendment that would block the tax cut unless a lid is placed on federal spending for the coming year. The source said the White House fears news of the strong new addition to the civil rights bill might endanger those votes. The provision the subcommittee is reported to have accepted tentatively goes beyond the administration's original proposal by giving the attorney general additional authority to intervene in cases of racial discrimination in places of public accommodation, based on the 14th Amendment to the Constitution. In its proposed bill the administration pinned its basic authority to the narrower right of Congress to regulate interstate commerce. The amendment reportedly approved uses both the commerce clause and the 14th Amendment. The only type of public accommodation apparently escaping coverage under the subcommittee's amendment is the small rooming house, characterized as "Mrs. Murphy's boarding house" in House and Senate hearings on the bill. The amendment exempts owner-occupied private homes with not more than five rooms open to the public. 'Nonpolitical' Tour Picks Up Different Hue Monon Railroad Gets U.S.Loan For Equipment WASHINGTON (AP) - The Interstate Commerce Commission approved Tuesday government guarantee of a $5.5-million loan to the Monon Railroad. The Monon runs between Chicago and Indianapolis and between Michigan City, Ind., and Louisville, Ky., for a total distance of 573 miles. The railroad proposes to use $3.5 million to buy 9 locomotives and 74 freight cars, and the rest for general improvement. The loan was made by U.S. Trust Co. of New York, repayable in 14 annual consecutive payments beginning in 1965. GRAND FORKS, N. D. (UPI) — President Kennedy sped into the Northern Plains states today with a call for "parity of opportunity" to help rural people como closer to the standards of urban living. Ilis "nonpolitical" tour picked up definite partisan tinges as it moved along. On the second day of his fast- moving tour devoted to the subject of conservation and development of natural resources. Kennedy flew from Dululh, Minn., to Grand Forks to accept an honorary degree from the University of North Dakota and address himself to rural electrification problems of the vast farmlands of this area. From Grand Forks, the President's itinerary took him to Cheyenne, Wyo.; an afternoon speech at the University of Wyoming in Laramie; another speech date at Billings, Mont., and an overnight stop at the famed Wyoming resort and hunting area, Jackson Hole. In his prepared speech at the University of North Dakota, Kennedy said there was a great and continuing need for narrowing the differences in living standards of American city and rural populations, particularly in the cost of electric power which becomes increasingly needed in mechanized farming. The "nonpolitical" label applied by the White House to Kennedy's 10,000-mile swing to the West was becoming somewhat academic. The President in a speaking appearance at Duluth Tuesday night threw away much of his prepared text which had dealt with conservation programs. He hammered instead at the need for public support of his $11 billion tax cut bill which is expected to come up for a vote in the House of Representatives today. AMUSED—President Kennedy got a laugh out of the agility of a Northland College coed who jumped onto the speakers' platform at Ashland, Wis., shook his hand and waved at the crowd before being escorted away. She was Christine Peterson, hometown not designated. UNIFAX Sclirocfler in U.S. WASHINGTON (UPI) — West German Foreign Minister Gerhard Schroeder met with President Kennedy for an hour Tuesday. He later called for a permanent readiness" to deal with issues of Berlin and a divided Germany. Top Military Leaders Start Checkup in South Viet Nam SAIGON (UPI) — Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, set out today to determine why it is taking so long to defeat the Communists in South Viet Nam. The McNamara-Taylor schedule on the first day of a week-long tour of inspection included meetings with U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge and Gen. Paul Harkins, the U.S. military commander in the beleaguered Asian nation. The two men also were expected to pay courtesy calls on Vietnamese government leaders. But as of Tuesday night they had scheduled no interviews with President Ngo Dinh Diem or his brother and chief adviser, Ngo Dinh Nhu. Taylor and McNamara are expected to encounter divided opinion among the American officials in Saigon. Some American civilians here feel that the Diem gov ernment has alienated a large section of the Vietnamese population, and thus decreased its chances of victory. Top American military men believe, however, that progress is being made in the fighting and that the best thing to do is string along with the Diem government. Fear Hampers Crime Probe, Senate Told WASHINGTON (AP) — A Senate probe into the dark workings of a national crime syndicate opened today with Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy telling of its secret meetings, assassinations and the chance of a major underworld power struggle in New York. As the first witness, Kennedy set the stage for the Senate Investigations sub-| AT SCENE—An official U. S. inspection team of Defense Sec. Robert McNamara, left, and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, center, has joined Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge at Saigon to begin a week- long tour of South Viet Nam to determine if U. S. aid to that government is being used properly. They were met at the airport by the ambassador who is to join la the tour. UNIFAX York mobster Vito Genovese, whom Valachi is reported to have portrayed as the chief of Cosa Nostra, Kennedy said that because of his power and the fear in which he is held in the New York organization, "no move has been made to take over the top spot while his appeal of a narcotics conviction is pending in the courts." Kennedy warned if Genovese loses his appeal and stays in prison "we anticipate a major tin- derworld power struggle in New York." committee's hearings into organized crime which he called "one of the biggest businesses in America." Getting a look at its clandestine operations is difficult because of the curtain of fear, he explained. "This is one reason the disclosures made by Joseph Valachi are significant," he said. "For the first time an insider — a knowledgeable member of the racketeering hierarchy — has broken the underworld's code of silence." Valachi Aids Valachi, (i0, the convicted narcotics peddler and murderer who has been singing to federal agents since ho heard the syndicate had issued a death warrant for him, has brought the jigsaw picture of organized crime into sharper focus, said Kennedy. Valaclii himself is scheduled to be one of the star witnesses later in the investigation. Because of information from Valachi and other sources, Kennedy went on, the government has learned that Cosa Nostra— also known as the Mafia and the Black Hand—is run by a commission of nine to 12 active members, j The payload splashed down in The leaders of Cosa Nostra in \ the Atlantic 80 miles from the Aerobee Rocket Totes Japanese Pack on Flight WALLOPS ISLAND, Va. (AP>— An Aerobee rocket carrying an 185-pound instrument package of United States-Japanese experiments was fired 139 miles into the ionosphere today. The eight-minute flight was considered good, said the National Aeronautics and Space Administration spokesman. most major cities are responsible to the commission which "makes major policy decisions for the organization, settles disputes among tiie families (gangs) and allocates territories of criminal operation." Keeps Top Job Referring to the imprisoned New NASA launching station here. NASA said the second flight in the series is scheduled for Thursday and will be a daytime launching. Today's shoot was designed to measure electron density and temperature simultaneously by different methods.
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