Home Paper of 70 Communities Qalesburg lfegfsfer-Mail Weather Stripe Red Warmer Tonight and Wednesday With Few Showers Expected A Better Newspaper VOLUME LXXII — 225 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS Senate Ratifies Nuclear Test Ban Treaty by 80 to 19 Vote Rusk Informs Indonesia to End Trouble NEW YORK (UPI) — Secretary of State Dean Rusk today warned Indonesia that continued trouble in that area over creation of the new nation of Malaysia would be against the interests of the Jakarta government. This was understood to have been the principal I point made by the Rockefellers Finding Trip Embarrassing ROME (UPI) — Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York, his six- nation European visit scarcely begun, today faced an embarrassing question of Vatican protocol raised by his divorce and remarriage. The governor, who was to meet today with Italian political leaders, has an audience scheduled for Wednesday with Pope Paul VI, and Vatican sources made no secret of the fact that some consternation was felt over the appointment. The sources said Mrs. Rockefeller would not attend, but said some high Vatican prelates felt it was "unusual" for a man who has been divorced and remarried to be received in papal audience, since the Catholic Church does not recognize divorce. The problem brought a swift reaction from Robert McManus, press secretary to Rockefeller. "The governor has a number of appointments with various people in Europe, including an audience with His Holiness," he said. "At none of these meetings will Mrs. Rockefeller accompany the governor. secretary during a 30-minute conference with Indonesian Foreign Minister Subandrio. The implication was that Indonesia could expect no more U.S. economic aid until it peacefully settles its difficulties with the new country. Rusk was said to have expressed the strong interest of the United States in the prompt normalization of the situation in the Southwest Pacific, where Indonesian resentment against the creation of the new member of the Commonwealth las sparked anti-British rioting, burning and looting. Official sources said Subandrio was unable to give Rusk the assurances the United States was seeking concerning Indonesia's future course in the Malaysian dispute. Subandrio pleaded ignorance, saying he had been out of touch with affairs at home. He told the secretary he planned to leave this afternoon for Jakarta and would keep in touch with the U.S. government after he reached his capital. Malaysia consists of Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak. US. Envoys Reach Saigon For Checkup SAIGON, Viet Nam (AP) —U.S. Secretary"' of Defense Robert S. McNamara and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, arrived tonight on a special mission for President Kennedy that may help shape future U.S. policy in South Viet Nam. Their Air Force transport plane landed at Saigon's Tan Son Nhut Airport. U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge and Gen. Paul D. Harkins, the top U.S general here, headed a welcoming group of diplomatic and military officials. McNamara and Taylor want to determine whether the conflict of President Ngo Dinh Diem's regime with Buddhist and student opponents is hampering the U.S.- backed war on Communist guerrillas. They are expected to see Diem shortly. Figure Exceeds Required Number WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Senate today ratified the U.S.-British-Russian treaty to ban all but underground nuclear tests. Approval of the historic pact, signed last month by the three powers in Moscow, came on a roll call by a 80-19 vote, or 14 more than Algeria Ponders ALGIERS, Algeria (UPI) — President Ahmed Ben Bella said Monday it "was not impossible" Algeria might open diplomatic relations with the Vatican. "Our relations with the church could not be better," he told reporters. Girl Is Eager ROMFORD, England (UPI) — Sandra Shoults, 15, wearied of being single. "I could never wait to be old enough to get married v/hen I was at school," she said Monday night after announcing she and her 17-year-old fiance, David Ber- adall, will be married in three weeks. Where to Find 11 2 SECTIONS 22 PAGES Abingdon 17 Amusement 6 Bushnell 6 Classified Ads .... 18-19-20-21 Comics-TV-Radio 14 Editorial 4 Galva 6 Hospital C Knoxville 17 Markets 16 Monmouth 15 Obituary 18 Sports 12-13 Weather 2 Women in the News 8-9 required by a two-thirds majority. Significantly, the treaty outlawing tests in the atmosphere, outer space and under water carried no U.S. reservations or "understandings" which might jeopardize its ratification by other countries. All such proposals were rejected. The only addition made by the Senate was a procedural one, adding a preamble to the ratification resolution restating the Senate's constitutional right to approve future treaty amendments. Oppose Reluctantly Senators who voted against the treaty did so largely with declared reluctance but with emphasis on their distrust of Russia. They argued that it was ambiguous, too hastily agreed to, and Republicans Vote 25 to 8 For Measure Mrs. Mad Money Monster Menaces Mysterious Man DODGEVILLE, Wis. (UPI) - A smiling grocer said today the courts will have to decide if he is the "mysterious mad money monster" who has been sending money anonymously through the mails. Fred Dresser, 55, passed out $100 bills to fellow Kiwanis Club members Monday. But clearly marked on the paper money were the words "not negotiable." "Those $100 notes might buy you the Pennsylvania Railroad in a Monopoly game but wouldn't be a down payment on a cigar in Dodgeville," joked one Kiwanian. Starts Suit Dresser has been accused by his wife as the mysterious benefactor who mailed $3,500 in sums of $5 to $100 to about 40 residents. She has started a divorce action and her attorney has threatened to go to court to stop Dresser from "dissipating" funds that will be involved in a divorce settlement. '"We'll let the courts decide if I'm the man," said Dresser. Obviously enjoying the swirl of publicity around him, Dresser preceded his Kiwanis Club stunt by placing a sign in the window of his grocery. Advertises "See the mysterious mad money monster. Admission—a substantial purcha.se," the sign said. John Miller,, the publisher of MYSTERY MAN—For several weeks residents of Dodgeville, Wis., and surrounding area have been mystified by money mailed anonymously to about 40 different persons. Fred W. Dresser, the smiling grocer above, has been accused of being the benefactor, but Fred just keeps on smiling. UNIFAX the Dodgeville Chronicle, confronted Dresser with about 200 letters he received from throughout the country and Canada from persons asking they be placed on the mysterious benefactor's mailing list. "I wonder who will get those?" smiled Dresser as he refused to accept the bundle of mail. Dresser's wife claims the printing on the envelopes received by the beneficiaries has been proven by state crime laboratory handwriting experts to match Dresser's handwriting. WASHINGTON (UPI) - The roll call vote by which the Senate today ratified the limited nuclear test ban treaty (two thirds required): For ratification—80. Democrats for — (55) — Anderson, Bartlett, Bayh, Bible, Brewster, Burdick, Cannon, Church, Clark, Dodd, Douglas, Edmondson, Ellender, Ervin, Fulbright, Gore, Gruening, Hart, Hartke, Hayden, Hill, Holland, Humphrey, Inouye, Jackson, Johnston, Jordan of N.C., Kennedy, Long of Mo., Magnuson, Mansfield, McCarthy, McGee, McGovern, Mclntyre, McNamara, Metcalf, Monroney, Morse, Moss, Muskie, Nelson, Neuberger, Pastore, Pell, Proxmire, Randolph, Ribicoff, Smathers, Sparkman, Symington, Walters, Williams of N.J., Yarborough and Young of Ohio. Republicans for — (25) — Aiken, Allott, Beall, Boggs, Carlson, Case, Cooper, Cotton, Dirksen, Dominick, Fong, Hickenlooper, Hruska, Javits, Keating, Kuchel, Miller, Morton Mundt, Pearson, Prouty, Saltonstall, Scott, Williams of Del., and Young of N.D. Against ratification—(19) Democrats against - (11) — Byrd of Va., Byrd of W. Va., Eastland, Lausche, Long of La., McClellan, Robertson, Russell, Stennis, Talmadge, and Thurmond. Republicans against — (8) — Bennett, Curtis, Goldwater, Jordan of Idaho, Mechem, Simpson, Smith and Tower. Absent (illness) but announced for: (D-Engle. New Furnaces to Speed Output of Steel Plant GARY, Ind. (UPI) - Three super - modern furnaces are in store for United States Steel's largest mill—the Gary steel works —Roger M. Blough, board chairman has announced. Blough said the new furnaces, geared for the oxygen-steelmaking process, can heat steel about "eight times faster than the conventional open hearth method." He told Monday's lunch meeting of local, state and government leaders "each of the three vessels at Gary Steel Works is expected to produce 150 tons of high-quality steel in less than an hour." carried too great a military hazard to U.S. security. Those who supported it in the 11 days of floor debate and more than two weeks of public hearings agreed with top administration of- cials that the risks were "acceptable." They insisted that the hope it offered for avoiding nuclear holocaust could not be rejected. Some confessed they voted "yes" reluctantly, but fell they had no choice. At the insistence of senators, Kennedy gave the lawmakers written "assurances" that safeguards to protect U.S. security would be maintained and advanced. The President made it clear his right to use nuclear weapons in time of conflict would not be impaired. He cautioned that the treaty's rejection might harm U.S. leadership in the world. Many Nations Sign More than 100 nations have signed the limited test ban treaty. The treaty was hailed as a "first step" toward ending the arms race, and U.S. ratification was expected to touch off signs of "second step" tension-easing moves by the Soviet Union. But even the most ardent treaty supporters warned against any quick follow-up action in the disarmament field. Senate opposition to the treaty sprang from the core of senior southern leaders on military affairs. Chairman Richard B. Russell, D-Ga., of the armed services committee, and chairman John Stennis, D-Miss., of the preparedness subcommittee made early declarations against the pact. Seven southern Democrats and one southern Republican, John Tower of Texas, lined up with them even before the vote. But the 12 other southerners, including four major committee chairmen, supported the President. Withdrawal Provision At the insistence of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the treaty included a liberal withdrawal provision. It permits the United States or any government to withdraw from the pact if it decides that "extraordinary events" related to the treaty have jeopardized its supreme interests. This allows a nation to pull out if any country tests clandestinely or conducts nuclear experiments considered harmful to its security. Although there is a stated three-month withdrawal notice, Secretary of State Dean Rusk testified that the United States would drop out immediately if Russia abrogated the treaty or began testing in any prohibited area. Amendments to the treaty must be approved by a majority of all the parties — with the United States, Britain and Russia each having a veto. An amending conference may be called, if one- third of the signatory countries desire, but is not necessary. Recognition Unnecessary Rusk also made it clear that this country would not have to give diplomatic recognition to a Communist government like that of East Germany if it approved the test ban treaty. East Germany signed the pact. With the Senate vote of "consent," the formal ratification by the executive branch is the next and formal step. Instruments of ratification must be filed by all signatory governments with the three original parties to the treaty. The treaty enters into effect after the United States, Britain and Soviet Union ratify it and deposit their ratification documents. Adoption of Bill Is Not Minor Matter WASHINGTON (UPI) - U. S. Senate ratification of the nuclear test ban treaty still leaves considerable international rigama- rolc to be completed before the treaty formally goes into effect. Since there is no internationa custodian of treaties, countries signing such pacts designate one or more governments as "depositaries" to keep the official copies. In this case, the depositaries arc the Ihrec original signers of the test ban treaty — the United Stales, Britain, and the Soviet Union. The treaty goes into effect when each of these nations has placed notices of ratification in all three "depositaries," which means nine acts of shuffling paper. President Signs Copies Following Senate action, President Kennedy has to sign four identical "instruments of ratification." Three are the "deposit" copies — one for London, one for Moscow and one to be kept in a vault at the U. S. State Department. The fourth copy is what might be called this country's personal copy and will be kept cither at the State Department or in the U. S. National Archives. When each of the three countries has forwarded its notice of ratification to the other two the treaty will be in effect. Prosi dent Kennedy then will sign i proclamation declaring that the treaty is henceforth binding on all U. S. citizens. The three original signatories also plan to register the treaty with the United Nations. Now Before President The Soviet Union has its own version of the U. S. ratification process. The treaty has passed through a series of committees of the Soviet legislature and at last report was pending before the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. Britain is handling its ratification more simply. Having Iain 21 days without objection, the treaty is considered fully approved by the British government and ready for the documents of ratification to be sent out. Many of the more than 90 other nations which also have signed the treaty have ratification procedures in their own constitutions, and will be forwarding notices of ratification to depositary governments. But this only affects their own legal status. It does not affect the three big powers. HAPPY GIKL—Little Evelyn Fischer of Aberdeen, S. D., races out of her home Monday to greet her mama whose car has just pulled up In front of the family dwelling. The mama, Mrs. Andrew Fischer, had moments before left the hospital where her recently delivered quintuplets must remain for a few weeks. The photo was made by telcphoto lens because most photographers were not permitted on the Fischer farm. UNIFAX JFK Departs On 12-State Speech Tour MILFORD, Pa. (AP) —President Kennedy flew here today for the first of 12 speeches on a cross-country tour which he labeled "a journey to save America's natural heritage." The 10,000-mile presidential trip through 12 states billed as "non-politi- Guiana Loses LONDON (UPI) — Dr. Cheddi Jagan, prime minister of British Guiana, said today he has asked for economic aid and investment from both sides of the Iron Curtain "so far with little success." HATTKKKI) — Actor Richard Hoone is pictured leaving a hospital at Santa Monica, Calif, after treatment for injuries sustained in an auto accident. Iloone, who plays the role of Paladin in a TV .series, "Have Gun, Will Travel," probably never was as badly battered on film as in the car crash. Ivan Is Told to Eat Less Bread Due to Crop Shortage MOSCOW (AP)—Soviet citizen who doubtless eat more bread than any other single food, are being told at private meetings and in the press to ea.se an acute shortage by getting along with less. Local leaders are being warned that bread must be saved and that prices may be raised Despite these warnings there appears no great probability that any Soviet citizen will go seriously short of bread. Emergency wheat purchases abroad, running about 7 million tons, will offset crop losses during the past year due to drought and persistent mismanagement of planting and harvesting. The loss apparently is about 10 per cent of the crop, which last year was 6o million tons. The shortage and the bad harvesting have oent Premier Kiu'u- shchev, now in his 70th year, storming about the country denouncing cureless farming methods. Again one of his pet projects, the virgin lands in Siberia and Southwest Asia, has let him down us it did in other recent years. Harvesting in the Kazakhstan virgin land area is so far behind schedule that it seems inevitable much grain will rot in the fields and some will be buried under the snow. While Ivan and Natasha may not go short of bread, the shortage of wheat and corn seems certain to make them short of meat again this year. This correspondent has just returned from a tour of Kuban, the Soviet Union's best farm area. A bumper crop of wheat was harvested there before the drought act in during July and August. was billed as cal" by the White House, though Kennedy certainly hopes to confront many thousands of voters along the way. A bipartisan aura was given to the stop at Milford, on the Dela- waro River in northeastern Pennsylvania. Kennedy put Milford on his itinerary in order to visit the ancestral home of the late Gifford Pinchot, a Republican who twice was governor of the state but who won greater fame as "the father of conservation." "I begin today a journey to save America's natural heritage — a journey to preserve the past and protect the future," Kennedy said. This was a reference to the fact that inspections of conservation and natural resource projects and talks before conservation-minded audiences account for virtually all the stops on Kennedy 's five-day schedule. Saluting Pinchot, who founded the U. S. Forest Service with the backing of Republican President Theodore Koosevelt, Kennedy said: "In the space of a few short years, he made conservation an accepted virtue in the nation'3 conscience." Pointing to a series of actions and proposals by his administration, Kennedy said he began in lixil "to increase the pace of re* source development and conservation in a variety of ways." He concluded that "if we can continue and expand the pro- rams we have begun," it will be possible to write "a record of saving and using this nation's supply of natural resources to assure a fuller, richer life for all Americans now and for generations to come." Citv Ups Size LOS ANGELES (UPI) - Latest figures from the city planning director's office today placed the City of IAJS Angeles' population at a record 2,634,000 — an increase of 152,405 over the .'.'JtiQ census. The city is the nation's third largest, behind New York and Chicago.
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