Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on June 20, 1973 · Page 7
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 7

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Galesburg, Illinois
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Wednesday, June 20, 1973
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Page 7
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India Moves On Help For Untouchables Galesburg Register-Mail, Galesburg, 111. Wednesday, June 20, 1973 7, Watergate 'Condonement' Reflects Cynicism By RAMESH C. PANDE NEW DELHI (UPI) _ Mahatma Gandhi, the father of modern India, called them the "children of God" and lived among them In an attempt to bring them out of 2,000 years of darkness, The Indian constitution— which one of them helped write —forbade their persecution. They are India's 100 million Untouchables, and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi has Just called for a major campaign to fully integrate them into modern society. The prime minister said that discrimination against the Untouchables still persisted In villages and towns. Lowest Class India's Untouchables are the lowest of the four varnas (colors) into which Hindus are divided according to the code of Manu, written around A.D. 100 to 300, to define the rules of domestic conduct and ceremony. The four classifications Brahmins (priestly caste), Kshatriyas (warriors), Vai- shyas (farmers and traders) and Shudras (untouchables). The Untouchables of India probably represent the world's largest group of subordinate people. By tradition, they are restricted to such menial occupations as scavengers, sweepers, cobblers, taxidermists and launderers. India's constitution prohibits caste discrimination. One of the principal architects of the constitution, the late Dr. B. R. Ambedkaiv was born an Untouchable, and India's present defense minister, Jagjiwan Ram, is an Untouchable, too. Iii Rural Areas Although there are definite signs of the so-called caste system breaking down in cities, it still is practiced in rural 'areas, despite- the: constitutional guarantees of human equality.. I Although the younger generation ..of India is staunchly opposed ..to the practice of untouchabiiity, Hindu religious sects A still insist "once an Untouchable, always Untouchable.'? v, The 20th report of the commissioner for scheduled castes (Untouchables) now before the Indian Parliament, has observed: "The backward sections of the (Untouchable) •community have not been able to derive benefits of the socioeconomic progress in the country to any appreciable extent" in the years after independence. The "basic reasons" responsible for "the sad state of affairs," the report said, were: —General lack of urgency on the part of those responsible for the implementation of the schemes (emancipation of Untouchables). —Insufficient financial provisions. —Lack of people's participation. Crisis Pending The report warned that unless "radical measures" were taken on a priority basis, the problem may assume the form of a crisis. The report did not mean that the "crisis" could touch off riots or strikes. The federal government has a number of development schemes for the welfare of the Untouchables including educational, economic and employ ment opportunities. The report meant that if society continued to treat Untouchables as Untouchables, all schemes for emancipating the depressed community would prove useless. The Colony of North Carolina on April U, 1776, adopted a resolution proposing Independence from Great Britain. By NORMAN KEMPSTER WASHINGTON (UPI) — By suggesting that the Watergate scandal is not so very different from politics as usual, President Nixon may be contributing to the cynicism that he deplores. Washington Window "We live In a time when many people are cynical about politics and politicians," Nixon said in a speech last week. Then he tossed in a line that was not In his prepared text: "Such times have occurred before." Returning to his text, he read: "In this profession (politics) as in any, there is much that could be improved, but there is also very much to admire and it would be a tragedy If we allowed the mistakes of a few to obscure the virtues of most..." The implication was that the scandal was perpetrated by only "a few" and that It Is not different in substance from the scandals that "occurred before." Dozens of people reaching to Nixon's closest aides have been implicated in the web of corruption. And the scandal, which had as its objective the subversion of the entire political system and which included widespread wiretaps and made burglary a political tactic, certainly is unusual in a country that prides Itself on freedom and democracy. Incident Ignored It could be argued that if the Watergate is not a ghastly aberration, then perhaps those who say the system is too corrupt to survive are correct. Nixon has said he was "shocked and appalled" when he first heard of the arrests of employes of his re-election committee during a midnight burglary of the Democratic national headquarters a year ago. But for the first nine months after those arrests, the President virtually ignored the Incident. He said he called for a thorough investigation but, according to White House spokesmen, he settled for an undocumented oral report that said no administration officials were involved. Last March, after the matter became loo big to ignore, Nixon, in the view of many of his critics, continued to minimize and condone it. Nixon's concern for not branding individuals as guilty before their trials is admirable. But it is not necessary to finger any individual In order to say that the corruption has honeycombed the ranks of respoasi* ble and trusted public servants. Under the circumstances, it would seem that the President could better combat cynicism by indignation coupled with a vow to find the guilty, no matter how high their position. Nixon's concern with widespread cynicism is understandable. If the public loses faith in the foundations of the political system, government may become Impossible. That is why there is grave danger in the cynicism exhibited by a recent Gallup poll which showed that half of the population consider the Watergate mess to be "just politics." SCHOOL' | our *^ Drive carefully. The child i you save could Ue yours! O.T. Johnson Co., Galesburg's Greatest Store Since 1862! SHOP O.T.'s 10 TO 9 FRIDAY & MONDAY. Other Days 10 to 5. June's Best Buys PONMOOR IACH55 SPEEDS INTO A NEW SEASON Look for the Tach 55 emblem ... it signals a great outdoor season. And everything here is suoer-snazzy in red wh'ta and navy. Sizes: 4 to 7 and 8 to 20. Coordinated Swim Trunks Perm. Press Tank Tops-- $400 t Many other styles of swim trunks, some with zippers others with be'ts. Also shorts and striped shirts. i BOY'S WEAR O.T.'* — STREET FLOOR SAVE ON SIZE 8 TO 14 SPECIAL PURCHASE SUMMER JEANS Special Purchase of sturdy jeans for all summer's fun and play. Great for Camp. Choose from Navy and many bright colors. Girl's sizes- 8 to 14. Regular $5.50 Coordinating knit tops in flat knit, stretch and rib knit. Sizes: 7 to 14. $300 10 $450 ATTRACTIVE STURDY SHORTS Boys are ready for action in these attractive (yet sturdy) shorts. They are Permanent Press and come in denim, seersucker, and twill. Sizes: 2 to 5. *2 79 *° $ 3 79 T-TOPS Coordinating T-Tops in plaids, stripes and solids. Sizes: 2 to 6. $2 30 ^ $300 fcf SUN SUITS by HEALTHTEX Little brothers are keeping cool in colorful sunsuits of easy-care seersucker or Perma Press Gabardine. Grow features. Sizes: 2 to 4 & 6 ot 24 months. $300 CHILDREN'S WEAR — O.T.'s — SECOND FLOOR ONE & TWO-PIECE SWIMWEAR by DIVETTES Girls will really make waves in these bold print bikinis, sporty 1 -piece and 2 -piece numbers, with or without skirts. They will make a bib spash because they are by Divettes. Sizes: 4 to 6x. $500 to $^00 Toddler Girl's Sizes: 2 to 4 GIRL'S WEAR O.T.'s Sizes: 7 to 14 $Q00 to $|Q00 $3.50 to $6.00 SECOND FLOOR CLARK DRUG] 1440 N. Hunderfcon H 347-4169 ., ILl

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