Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 21, 1963 · Page 6
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 6

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Saturday, September 21, 1963
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4 Golesburg Register-Moil, Galesburg, III, Sat., Sept. 21, 1963 Til Drink to That - Make Mine MilkP o }$<£&!> r Weekend Review WELFARE WATCHDOGS, useful to the peo- , pie of Illinois, apparently do not fit in with the plans of Gov. Kerner and his state administration. The process of helping Illinoisans who are in need of aid is a process which contains many built-in ways for officials to play politics, and for grafters to obtain money illicitly. The need is to keep an eye on this process, to keep crooked hands off of this needful work. The watchdog job has been well handled by the Special Welfare Investigations Unit of the Department of Public Welfare, an inde- , pendent investigative unit. This watchdog unit is headed for oblivion and will go down the drain eventually, unless sometliing happens to prevent this. *(• • • . SEPARATE from the regular welfare investigators, this watchdog unit protects the interests of the taxpayers. It was established by unanimous vote of the Illinois Public Aid Commission in August 1962. Since then it has become clearly apparent that such a unit is invaluable in the conduct of the state's welfare activity, a business of $700,000,000 a biennium. Arnold H. Maremont, former IPAC chairman, has been quoted as declaring that this watchdog unit .... "is vital to maintain the public confidence. In fact, such a unit IS the public confidence." * * * FIRST MEASUREMENT of the effectiveness of this unit appeared in a report submitted to the IPAC in April 19(53. The report showed that from October 1962 (when the unit became operative) to February 1963, a total of 363 fraud cases were filed in Cook County alone, compared to 189 for the same length of time the preceding year. Further, it was disclosed that 119 jail sentences were dispensed compared with just ONE the preceding year for the same period of time. Next episode in this history was when approving state legislators in their most recent session passed House Bill 1213 which provided retention of the unit as an independent investigative body reporting directly to the governor, who now has the direct responsibility for public aid programs that the commission carried. The governor vetoed the bill. * * * LATEST EPISODE in the doings of the Special Welfare Investigations Unit appeared in disclosures published within the last six weeks by two Chicago daily newspapers. Both stories told of irregularities in the administration of public assistance in local Illinois communities—one downstate, one in ti»e Chicago area. Both are understood to have been disclosed through information gained by the investigative unit's activity. Chicago 's American oi Aug. 16 told about widespread political activity by some Welfare Department employes in Cook County in violation of state law, and that no action has been taken against the alleged violators although the investigative unit's report was given to the IPAC and the governor. The IPAC is now dissolved, according to reorganization voted by the Legislature. The detailed story as published told of many welfare investigators (not members of the special investigative unit we are writing about) in Chicago being absent from their work and proved to have been electioneering in Chicago's Primary Election last April 2. An article in the Sun-Times on Sept. 1 related how a group of unemployed men, public aid recipients who had been assigned to a government work project in Benton Township, Franklin County, in Southern Illinois, were used instead for building a house for two local public officials who had sufficient authority to cause them to do the work. This incident, too, was reported to the state authorities. The Sun-Times article quotes critics as saying in effect that it was given a political whitewash job after the IPAC duties were turned over to the governor's office. * # * TO PREVENT RECURRENCES of the situations reported in these news stories, it seems that the independent investigative unit should be kept in full operation. The director of the Public Aid Department has already indicated that—although he hasn't decided just what he will do with the unit—he believes that he will either close it in Cook County, or merge the unit with the Cook County department's investigative staff (which suggests another glance at the story of political activity by Cook County Department of Public Aid investigators). What can be done about it? Right now there seems no pat answer. This much, however, is plain: facts such as those disclosed in the Chicago news stories were not uncovered by welfare investigators investigating themselves and their programs, but they were uncovered by the special unit which was created by a body of men who unanimously felt that it was essential to maintain an independent force to root out all fraud, deception and irregularity wherever it was found in the welfare program. * * * "Contrary to widespread belief," Maremont has indicated, "fraud does not abound in every corner of the public aid program." To the extent, however, that such fraud does exist, there should be a fearless, hard­ hitting organization to nip it in the bud, empowered to act quickly and decisively, reporting not through channels but to the top. It seems plain that the public assistance program, without independent "watchdog" overseeing, is vulnerable to fraud and graft. It is equally clear that a proper agency foe the "watchdog" task is already in existence, though threatened with extinction. It should and must be perpetuated. Sherpas Join Tour WASHINGTON (UPD-Five of the 37 Sherpa guides who aided the American team which climbed Mount Everest in May were invited to accompany the team on a six- week goodwill tour of the United States. The Sherpas carried heavy loads of supplies to above the 27,000-foot level—an extraordinary feat because of the thin air at that altitude. Now 'Texas'Cut' AUSTIN, Tex. (UPD—For Texans who have swallowed some of their pride along with the "Kansas City" and "New York" steaks they have eaten, now they have one of their own—the "Texas cut steak." Armor and Co. named the steak to represent something that has been true for a long time—that Texas feedlots handle much of Texas beef now, rather than sending cattle north and east lor fattening. Is Cuba Becoming Pesthouse on Our Doorstep? By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN BEFORE CASTRO, the island of Cuba was a relatively healthy place. Its ancient scourge of yellow fever had been wiped out, and typhoid and malaria had practically disappeared. The nation had a large and thriving cattle industry, which meant that the consumption of health-giving proteins was diffused among the population. Since it takes time for any newly revolutionary nation, no matter how badly it may be governed, to run completely downhill from a medical or a health standpoint, Fidel Castro has not yet managed to turn his country into a pesthouse. But there arc disturbing signs that he is on his way to doing just that. The destruction of the cattle industry through confiscation and ruin of efficient ranches by the Castro government would, in any case, tend to decrease the consumption of proteins to the point where deficiency diseases would REMINISCING Of Bygone Times FIFTY YEARS AGO Sunday, Sept. 21, 1913 Methodist ministers, who were in Galesburg attending the Central Illinois Conference, preached at most of the churches in the city. Miss Alma Olson, saleswoman at the Bondi Brothers store, was presented a traveling bag by her friends in honor of her birthday. TWENTY YEARS AGO Tuesday, Sept. 21, 1943 Police Chief O. E. Boyer said there would be closer enforcement of the curfew law in Galesburg for juveniles as a number of young people had been ignoring the ruling. Walter Huston was starring in the motion picture, "Russia to Moscow," featured at the West Theater. THE ALMANAC By United Press International Today is Saturday, Sept. 21, the 264th day of 1963 with 101 to follow. The moon is approaching first quarter. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. Those born today include English novelist and Sociologist I-I. G. Wells, in 1866. On this day in history: In 1792, France was proclaimed a Republic and the royal family was deposed. In 1893, the first successful gasoline - operated motor car made in America — designed and built by Charles and Frank Duryea — appeared on the streets of Springfield, Mass. In 1938, at least 450 persons were killed in a hurricane that battered the coasts of New England and New York. In 1955, Rocky M a r c i a n o knocked out Archie Moore in the ninth round at Yankee Stadium, successfully defending his heavyweight title for the sixth time. A thought for the day - H. G. Wells said: "Human History becomes more and more a race between education and catastrophe." begin to exact a toll. But to Castro's and "Che" Guevara's crazy economic Ideas as applied to cattle raising there has been added something worse. The United States Department of Agriculture has recently learned that the dread cattle disease of rinderpest ,has broken out in Cuba. And the question is whether the Castroites know enough about vaccination to stop its swift spread. Rinderpest is a highly contagious virus which strikes suddenly and can kill a cow in just about a week's time. It is prevalent in Central Africa, where such organizations as the European Economic Community and AID (Agency for International Development) have struggled valiantly to contain it and wipe it out. The carcasses of slaughtered animals can carry the disease, which means that meat from a rinder­ pest area cannot be exported. BY VIGOROUS control methods, rinderpest was wiped out in the Western Hemisphere a long time ago. Prior to its appearance in Castro's Cuba, the last outbreak of the disease in the new world occurred in Brazil in 1921. The Brazilians traced the outbreak to Cebu cattle imported from India. By slaughter and harsh quarantine measures, the disease was finally eradicated in Brazil. Just how the disease has gotten into Cuba is, of course, a subject for conjecture. It could have come from Soviet imports or from the Far East. Rinderpest has been endemic in Russia since the end of World War I. In the revolutionary and post-revolutionary periods in Russia, from 1917 to 1921, some six million head of cattle died from it. In addition to the threat posed by diseased meat, the Cubans arc confronted by the possibility of a badly contaminated water supply. Escaped factory workers and engineers bring reports, printed in Daniel Jamc's excellent "Free Cuba News," that the water systems of Havana, Cama- guey and other Cuban towns are going to pieces through a combination of sabotage and natural wear-and-tear of machinery. SAYS ONE former Havana factory worker, Filberto Lugo: "The newspaper 'Revolucion* published a story that the water was scarce because they were cleaning the aqueduct to Havana. They have been saying this for more than a month. They don't want to tell the people the truth, that three bombs were placed in the aqueduct and there have been many cases of sabotage of the pipes. Now, the pipes pump muddy water twice a week. If they put more bombs there, and there is more sabotage, Havana will be left without water." Jorge Fernandez Vallc, the exiled Cuban engineer who built Havana's most important aqueduct, says that the daily water consumption of the Cuban capital has dwindled from 150 million gallons to 50 million in the rainy season, and to even less in the dry. People in Havana have beeft queueing up for water. In Cama* guey, the water system is in such straits that it can pump for only two hours a day, one in the morn* ing and one at night. According to Fernandez Valle, gastroenteritis and typhoid are both very much on the increase in Cuban cities, especially among children. "Each glass of Water drunk is a glass of bacilli that enter the body," says the engineer. NO WONDER Castro insisted on medical supplies in exchange for the released captives of the Bay of Pigs. There are plenty of military and diplomatic reasons why the United States should give a top priority to the liquidation of the Castro regime. But even if Castro were harmless otherwise, it would still be desirable to get rid of him for public health reasons. We don't want a pesthouse on our doorstep. Copyright 1963 Other Editorial Opinion From p S |. The 2» Present The FREE FROM WHAT - FREEDOM? The time is drawing short. On September 12, 1960, Presidential candidate Join* F. Kennedy pledged that within three years there would no longer be any more dictators in the West- tern Hemisphere. "Latin America will be free, he declared. His own deadline, September 12, 1963, is only a matter of days away. Is there any question in any American's mind that it is impossible to fulfill the grand promise? To the many thousands of voters who were cheered and encouraged by the strong words from Kennedy camp in 1960 this promise thus becomes just another of many that rattle loudly in a drum full of empty promises. It was so easy to criticize back in 1960, to thunder with confidence the cry which amounted to 'follow me — I have all the answers.' Three years later the dictators are still there, most of them more solidly entrenched than ever. One — Mr. Castro by name- has become a constant source of pain and threat for the United States, and a constant reminder that the Alliance For Progress loot chest can't buy off the real problems in Latin America. Today Cuba is a word that isn't used in the pronouncements from the White House. Instead of cures for the ailment there is the constant inference that Americans are too concerned with this Soviet satellite within baby rocket shot, that the best panacea is to forget our troubles away. How easy is the promise and how difficult the Morning News. cure.—Dallas HEARTENING YOUTH REPORT. At a time when Toronto apologists for rowdy and vicious be­ haviour by youth groups seek to explain the behaviour by repeating the claim of the wayward that they act that way "because there is nothing else to do," leading sociologists and pedagogues in West Germany have reached the conclusion that the youth of West Germany have undergone a remarkable change. Not too long ago, young people in West Germany, in conformity with certain counter-parts in a number of countries, considered it "modern" and "chic" to be conspicuously different than their elders. Yesterday's rowdies, who for unknown reasons created much trouble and noise, have now become "civilized" people. Newspaper reports on youth rioting are now seldom seen. On the contrary, West Germany's youth endeavors to be especially polite. Sociologists feel that the increased attendance of private etiquette courses by the younger generation is proof of this. Reason for this surprising change, youth experts believe, is that young people now know that they should not judge their elders by their years but by their accomplishments. Furthermore, the pay check puts the young person on an equal basis with the elder generation. The regained self-reliance of Germany's youth has made them aware of the fact that good manners lead to the positions their elders now hold and which will someday be their own responsibility. The development is somewhat remote from the North American scene, but it's to be hoped the seeds can drift across to this continent and find fertile ground. —The Evening Tribune (Welland, Ontario) John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.—Mark 1:4. * * * To do so no more is the truest repentance.—Martin Luther. QUOTES FROM THE DAY'S NEWS (Reg. U.S. Pat. Off.) Negro girls killed in the Birming- By United Press International WASHINGTON — Rep. Thomas M. Pelly, R-Wash., a member of the House appropriations subcommittee for the space budget, commenting on President Kennedy's proposal to Russia for a joint exploration of the moon: "It seems to me to be more of a gesture by the President than anything." ham church bombing: "What the city government can do is to demonstrate that these deaths have had impact, and to declare that for New York City too, these sacrifices have not been in vain." SALT LAKE CITY - Interior Secretary Stewart L. Udall, on Sen. Barry Goldwater's qualifications for the White House: "He doesn't have the delicate, decision-making qualities that the presidency demands, like the delicacy which the President used in the Cuban crisis." WASHINGTON — Sen. Richard B. Russell, D-Ga., an opponent of the proposed partial test ban treaty: "We are considering a treaty that ties our hands, that surrenders any pretext of inspection. .. and that sets the stage for the final tragedy of complete disarmament without any form of inspection." NEW YORK — Mayor Robert F. Wagner, in setting aside Sunday as an "official day of sympathy" in the city for the four Now You Know By United Press International Large male lions weigh up to 500 pounds, almost twice as much as their mates, according to the National Geographic Society. Crossword Puzzzie Answer to Previous Puzil*. Table Fare ACROSS 7 Beverage 1 Bit of butter 8 Light-colored 4 Main course 9 Plant part 8 Breakfast item 10 Girl's name 12 Malt beverage 11 Promontory R U galesburg Register-Mail Office J4U Soutn Prairie Street Galesburg, Illinois TELKPHONfc. NUMBER Register-Mail Exchange 842-6161 Entered "s Second Class MatteT at the Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under \ct of Congress of Mi"-"h 3 1879 Dally except Sunday^ Ethel Ouster Schmith Publisher Charles Morrow ... Editor and Genera) Manager M. H luldy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated, New York, Chicago. De- trolt Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles Philadelphia Charlotte MEMFER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBEh ASSUl 1A l'EL> PRESS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well aa all AP new« dispatches SUBSCHIPIION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c a Week By RFD mall tn our retalJ trading zone' 1 Vfear $10.00 S Month* $3.SO 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month $1.25 No mall subscriptions accepted In towns where there Is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier in retail trading rone outside City of Galesburg 1 week 30c By mall outside retalJ trading zone tn Illinois lowa and Missouri and by motor route to retalJ trading zone 1 year $13.00 3 Month* S3.7S 6 Months $ 7.00 1 Month 11.25 By mall outside Illinois lows and Missouri 1 Veer $18.00 3 Month* $5.00 6 Months $ 9.50 1 Month $2.00 13 Sea bird 14 Solitary 15 Brythonic sea god 16 Lively dances 18 Pilchard 20 Poker stakes 21 Cereal grain 22 Swedish nightingale 24 Emporium 26 Pealed I 27 Decay i 30 Each ' 32 Moon goddess 34 Rope strand 35 Expunged 36 Landing vessel 37 Liquid measure 39 Hardy heroine 40 Location 41 Wager 42 Having wings 45 Began 4D Confirmed 51 Yellow bugle plant 52 Prayer ending 53 Masculine nickname 54 Neither 55 Cultigen 56 Paradise 57 Obtain DOWN 1 Chums 2 Athena 3 Intimidator 4 Earn 5 Ireland 6 Feminine appellation 17 Peril 19 Palm fruits 23 Insert 24 Shaded walk 25 Egyptian sacred bull 26 Mitigate 27 Setting anew 28 Individuals 29 Scatters 31 Reproduced 33 Tardier 38 Packed M M E D A l_ U V U l_ A F 1 N I F l_ EE c K A R AISIE 40 Offensive smell 46 Head (FrJ 41 Community in 47 Cry of Switzerland bacchanals •42 Grandparental 48 Australian 43 Halt pompano 44 Nautical term 50 Primate 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 8 3~ nr ii 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 24 25 • 29 30 31 32 34 36 • 3, 38 • 41 1 42 43 44 46 49 50 bl 52 53 54 55 56 w NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSN. United States Soon to Pop 190-Million Seam By WASHINGTON STAFF Newspaper Enterprise Assn. WASHINGTON - Census Bureau officials are biting their nails trying to figure out when the population of the United States will hit 190 million. They've planned a small shindig for the press and pho- t o g r a p he r s sometime on Sept. 27 — their closest estimate at the present —- i u the Commerce d e p artment's main lobby be- bore the big electronic population indicator. Every V.'-i seconds a light flashes on the machine to show that a baby was born. Every 18' 2 seconds, another light shows that someone died. And every U seconds the total pop­ ulation figure at the top of the board clicks up one figure. Idea of the celebration is for everyone to witness the big whirl of figures when the machine clicks from 189,999,999 to 190 million. But the board is just like any other government statistic. It has to be seasonally adjusted. The final figures on summer immigration and emigration have to be released before the Census Bureau can figure the exact hour and minute of the big moment. Says one official: "We're just praying it won't be at some wretched hour like 3 o'clock in the morning. That fight spoil our party." But this probably will be a tame affair compared to the hootenanny that will be held sometime in January, 1967, when the machine will click irom 199,999,999 to 200 million. SOLICITOR GENERAL Arch­ ibald Cox, making a Washington talk, got a little mixed up the other day on how many amendments there are to the U.S. Constitution. "I'm not sure now," he said, whether there are 21 or 22." His host, Jacob Clayman of the A.F.L. - C.I.O.'s Industrial Union Department, tried a few moments later to relieve Cox of his embarrassment: "Let the record NOT show that Mr. Cox did not know whether the Constitution has 21 or 22 amendments. What Mr. Clayman apparently didn't know either, is that the Constitution has 23 and may soon have a 24th. GEORGE W. BALL, under secretary of state, was speaking to members of the American Foreign Service Assn. After a great deal of praise for the work of the Foreign Service, Ball hit them between the eyes with this: "A principal source of my personal anguish comes from the documents that you ladies and gentlemen draft and which, after 87 clearances, find their way to my desk. "I was taught to believe that the simple declarative sentence is one of the noblest achievements of man. But I have found in the State Department little sympathy for that particular article of faith. "Sometimes I suspect that the elementary concept that a sentence should have a subject and a predicate — and in that order —is regarded in these parts, if not as subversive, then, at least, as outmoded." SEVERAL TIMES this year Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona, is reported to have headed off drastic boycotts of New York's Gov. Nelson Rockefeller by intervening with state and local Republicans who might otherwise have stayed away from the governor's appearances. Preserving party unity is one objective. Some of the senator's supporters have something more in mind: They don't want Rockefeller to gain the sympathy backing he might get if he were subjected to a severe freeze-out or tagged with a tomato. Says one man: "Our only interest is in seeing that, wherever Rockefeller goes, he gets a polite, adequate and very cold reception." 4

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