Home Paper of 70 Communities Galesburg Register-Mail Weather Stripe Slue Cool Tonight With Low in 40s, Sunday Fair and Moderate VOLUME LXXII —223" A Better Newspaper GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1963 PRICE SEVEN CENTS GOP Explains Reasons for Opposing Cut WASHINGTON (AP) — Republicans have told the people that Congress would be "playing Russian roulette with our destiny" if it approves President Kennedy's tax cut bill without a brake on federal spending. Rep. John W. Byrnes, chief GOP spokesman on tax matters, presented the argu ment Friday night, saying the tax bill "offers a clear opportunity to tie down" federal spending but that Congress can't rely alone on Kennedy's promise to hold spending down. "It is time to judge the administration by what it does, more than what it says," Byrnes said over the ABC and CBS television and radio networks and the Mutual radio network. The Republican reply to President Kennedy's appeal will be continued tonight when Rep. Thomas B. Curits of Missouri speaks on NBC television and radio at 6 p.m. The networks, all of which carried Kennedy's speech Wednesday night, made equal time available to the Republican National Committee. Taking Gamble Byrnes, of Wisconsin, contended the administration is taking "an unprecedented gamble with the entire economic system of the United States" and that if "this long shot does not come through" $100 billion may be added to the national debt before the budget is baianced. Byrnes, senior Republican on the tax-writing .Ways and Means Committee, proposing an amendment making the tax cut inoperative unless the President submits, in January or earlier, spending estimates not above $97 billion for the fiscal year that began last July 1 and $98 billion for next year. Byrnes termed these "comfortable requirements" for a "reasonably prudent administration, with a Congress pledged to spending control." Could Be Larger They would represent reductions of about $1 billion from the spending level now in effect, and probably a substantially deeper cut next year. But Byrnes said the limit would permit $4 billion more expenditures this year than last. He said if spending can be tied down "future cuts will be a certainty as our economy expands." Promises are not enough, Byrnes said. "What we need is a firm, unbreakable commitment. . .we simply ask that Congress make this tax cut contingent upon fulfillment of the promise to control spending." Byrnes said his amendment would neither delay the bill nor change the size or the nature of the tax cut. State Department Disputes Charge WASHINGTON (UPI) — Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield has warned that unless Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge is given over-all control of U.S. operations in South Viet Nam the situation could lead to a possible disaster. Expressing concern Friday over reported conflicts among U.S. officials in South Viet Nam, Mansfield said Lodge is the only man who should speak for the United States. The State Department took issue with Mansfield. It denied that | Lodge lacks over-all authority. The department's press spokesman, Richard I. Phillips, said that "as the President's representative he (Lodge) certainly has the authority to operate as the head of all U. S. government operations in Viet Nam." Agree in Private But administration officials said privately that there may have been times when Lodge received less cooperation than he should have from American officials in Viet Nam.. In a Senate speech Mansfield said that Lodge's function was not "to beg that cooperation. It is his authority to require it in the name of the President of the United States." In the past there have been bitter disputes over how strongly the United States should press for a house cleaning in the regime of South Viet Nam's president, Ngo Dinh Diem. Anonymous U. S. officials in Saigon have criticized the administration for not being ready with a plan to handle conflict with the Diem government. Other officials have charged that the United States has bowed to the dictates of Vietnamese instead of bringing heavy pressure to bear. Kremlin Says China Wants A Bomb Badly MOSCOW (AP) - The Kremlin claimed today that Red China opposition to the limited nuclear test-ban treaty is based on its de sire to acquire "the atomic bomb at any price." The Soviet government told the Chinese to concentrate on eco nomic development instead and suggested they be grateful to the Soviet Union for developing nu clear weapons "for the defense needs of the entire Socialist camp." Bit of Boasting It said the Soviet Union holds superiority over the United States in weapons tested in the atmos phere, under water and in space It noted that the nuclear treaty still permits the testing of weapons underground. The Kremlin gave its view in a statement in response to a Chinese charge Sept. 1 that the Soviet Union had been placed at a disadvantage by the treaty. The statement was the first of a two-stage reply, the Soviet news agency Tass said. The second installment will be published Sunday, the agency said. The first part was published in Moscow newspapers and distributed by Tass today. Moscow charged that the Chi nese position amounts to "com plete apostasy from the common collectively formulated line of the Communist movement." The document contended that the Chinese leaders are unable to prove they need nuclear weapons "in the interests of China and o; the entire Socialist camp." Suffer Defeat Because of the worldwide approval of the treaty, the Chinese by their opposition to it "have suffered a serious moral and po litical defeat," the Kremlin said It said the reason it is not helping China with development of nu clear weapons is that any in crease in such weapons in Communist countries "would immediately cause a chain reaction in the imperialist camp, the atomic cancer would spread all over the globe, increasing the nuclear war danger manifold." Moreover, the statement said, "it is known very well that China does not possess extra funds" to build atomic bombs. Sen. Mansfield Henry Cabot Lodge Judge Is Arrested LONDON (UPI) w A detective thought he recognized a man standing in the rear of a courtroom Friday as a fugitive from justice and arrested him. The red-faced detective, whose name was not given, apologized when he learned the "suspect" was Hassan Abdel Rahim, a judge of the Sudan Supreme Court. Sukarno Ends Trade With New Nation BOGOR, Indonesia (AP)—Indonesia broke trade relations today with Malaysia in retaliation against the new federation's severance of diplomatic relations with Indonesia. Deputy First Minister Johannes Leimena said President Sukarno decided on the action at a conference with his aides at Bogor. Leimena said the break was directed particularly against Singapore and Malaya, the wealthiest members of the federation composed also of the former British Borneo territories of Sarawak and North Borneo. Leimena said it was also decided to stop using Malayan dollars as the medium of exchange in the Rau archipelago, a series of Indonesian islands just off Singapore which has traditionally dealt in Malayan currency. Sukarno has decreed, Leimena said, that the national economy should be a major weapon in Indonesia's anti-Malaysia campaign and that the policy of hostile confrontation with the new neighboring federation should be extended to the economic field. The president emphasized that economic relations with Singapore and Malaya were undermining and hampering the progress of Indonesia's economy, Leimena said. Eagle Scouts Admit Murder Of Young Boy (Register-Mail News Service) BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — Two Eagle Scouts listened to a saddened Negro youth tell a judge Friday they fatally shot his 13-year-old brother without provocation during Sunday's racial violence. Larry Joe Sims and Michael Mike Lee Farley, both 16, were held for the grand jury without bond. The maximum penalty in capital cases in Alabama is death. The white youths have signed confessions in the case. James Ware, 16, testified Sims fired two pistol shots from a motor scooter driven by Farley. Ware said his younger brother, Virgil, was struck by the bullets and died minutes later. Ware told the court he was pedaling his bicycle toward home and Virgil was riding on the handle bars when Sims fired. When Jefferson County Criminal Court Judge Ellis Watson announced following a preliminary hearing that the two crew - cut youths would be denied bond, their mothers broke into sobs. Farley slumped in his chair at the counsel table and Sims buried his head in his arms. Both cried softly. Calls It "Fair" Mrs. Lorene Ware sat stolidly throughout the four-hour hearing and later described it as "fair." About 50 whites, including relatives and friends of the defendants, and about a dozen Negroes were in the half-filled courtroom. The same grand jury which will decide whether to indict the white youths for murder will be asked to investigate the death of another Negro in the hours which followed the holocaust at the Negro church last Sunday. He was killed by a policeman. The search for the killer whoso bomb exploded during Sunday school services at the 16th Street Baptist Church continued. Two state troopers assigned to Birmingham to help maintain order were involved in a brief scuffle Friday night with a Negro who, police said, later stabbed another white man. ' Stabs Stranger The troopers, off duty, were in street clothes. Police said the Negro, booked as James Hall, apparently shoved one of the troopers and was dragged away by other Negroes after flashing a knife. Detective C.L. Pierce said Hall then stabbed Aubrey Hogan, who was waiting for a bus. The cancellation of an invitation to speak at Yale University prompted Wallace to send a telegram to Mayor Richard Lee of New Haven, Conn., saying, "I am certain that it is distasteful to the Yale Political Union to find that its cherished tradition of presenting the views of all can be curtailed overnight." President Is Pleased Over UN Reaction NEWPORT, R. I. (UPI) President Kennedy was described by members of his staff today as highly pleased over worldwide reaction to his address Friday to the United Nations General Assembly. Shortly after appearing before the General Assembly, Kennedy flew here from New York to spend the weekend with his wife and two children, Caroline and John Jr. They planned a family party tonight at the home of Mrs. Kennedy's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh D. Auchincloss. The President was reported to be particularly interested in Iron Curtain country reaction to his U. N. speech in which he urged that Russia and the United States cease the so-called cold war and join together in a new, cooperative drive for world peace. Russian diplomats in New York informed the President that in their estimation his speech was "excellent." He will confer at the White House next month with Soviet Foreign Minister Andre Gromyko. Kennedy and Gromyko discussed plans for the Washington conference when they met at a diplomatic reception at UN headquarters Friday. Navy Plans Project WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Navy is planning a multimillion- dollar project on the Pacific island of Guam to restore or rebuild facilities damaged by Typhoon Karen last November. Officials of the Bureau of Yards & Docks said Friday the cost of the project would be "in the neighborhood of $20 million." Proposal May Hurt US Plans WASHINGTON (UPI) — President Kennedy's proposal for a joint U.S.-Russian moon expedition may have damaged his civilian space agency's chances of getting the money it wants for its Apollo moon program. Director James E. Webb of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was quick to deny Friday that the proposal meant there would be a slowdown in project plans to put two Americans on the moon by 1070. Webb told agency colleagues the United States would continue the Apollo mnn-on-lhc-moon program pending any substantive negotiations with Moscow for a joint probe Dr. Robert C. Scamans, associate NASA administrator, agreed, and added that Kennedy's proposal proved that this country's space effort was strong and right on schedule. At a news conference at the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston, Tex., Scamans said, "The reason we have an opportunity to make this offer is because of our forward-looking program. This demonstrates we have been able to accelerate our program to inititate this type of offer." But other NASA sources predicted the President's proposal would weaken the agency's case before- congressional appropriations committees, some of whose members already have indicated they would like to cut the 5.35 billion sought to finance the program this year. The sources discounted any notion that the President, by proposing a joint program, was hedging in any way on the Apollo project, which will cost an csti-« mated $20 billion for the rest of the decade. These sources said the administration still wants Congress to appropriate the money to finance the program authorized for tha current fiscal year. But one official admitted tho program had been sold to Congress on the basis of competition with Russia and it would be difficult to recall it now on the basis of cooperation with the Soviets. Chairman's Light Out LONDON (UPI) - Lord Strath- clyde, 64, chairman of the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board, returned to his apartment several days ago and discovered his electricity had been cut off—because he didn't pay his bill. "They did the right thing." Lord Strathclyde admitted. Methodist Merger With UB Churches Being Considered CHICAGO (AP) — Thirteen bishops of the Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church have unveiled a plan to form an 11 million-member United Methodist Church. The plan to unite the two denominations of parallel history was announced Fri day following a two - day meeting in Chicago. Talks and study have been under way for about eight years. The target date for final merger is 1968. Another joint meeting in Nashville in December will refine the plan for submission to the Methodist Church's general conference in Pittsburgh next spring. Approval there is "almost a certainty," a spokesman said. The EUB Church would act on the proposal at its 1966 general con ference in Wichita, followed by action at lower levels. Methodist Bishop Glenn R. Phil ips of Denver, joint president of the Chicago meeting with EUB Bishop Reuben H. Mueller of In dianapolis, termed the plan a move "to strengthen the Protestant voice." "The more we get together as Protestants the more we strengthen our cause," Bishop Phillips said. He cited criticism of the fact that there are some 200 Protestant churches and "splinter groups." The announcement followed recent merger moves among other Protestant churches, including the United Church of Christ, formed the Congregational Christian Churches and the Evangelical and Reformed Church. The proposed merger could pave the way for further Method- union, Bishop Phillips said. The Methodist Church, with a membership of 10,234,986 by latest ist Hearing Pate Reset WASHINGTON (UPI) - A Senate committee hearing on crime, featuring gangland stool pigeon Joseph Valachi, v/ill open next Wednesday at 10:30 a.m., EDT, instead of Tuesday, morning as originally scheduled. The change was made to avoid conflict with Tuesday's scheduled Senate vote on the nuclear test ban treaty, figures, is the largest Protestant denomination in the United States. The EUB Church, with some 750,000 members including church es in Canada, was formed in 1946 by a union of the Evangelical Church and the United Brethren in Christ, both organized by Ger man settlers in 1800 and following doctrines of Methodism. Where to Find It 2 SECTIONS 20 PAGES Abingdon 9 Amusement 5 Bushnell 5 Churches 6-7 Classified Ads 17-18-19 Comics-TV-Radio 16 Editorial 4 Food Section 11 Galva - 5 Hospital Notes 5 Knoxville 9 Markets 20 Monmouth 8 Obituary 17 Sports 13-H Weather 2 Women in the News 3 GIVES UP—-After spending five months at dock in Chicago, the Canadian grain ship, Howard L. Shaw, has set sail for Toronto without a cargo. A dispute between two unions kept the ship from being loaded despite court action that imposed a series of fines on one union. The freighter was ripped by a dynamite blast recently. UNIFAX Senate Squares Off for Vote on Test Ban Treaty Tuesday WASHINGTON (AP)-The Sen ate has ended its general debate on the limited nuclear test-ban treaty and has one more hurdle before voting Tuesday on ratification. On Monday, the action centers on attempts by critics and lukewarm supporters to attach reservations to the pact which would ban nuclear tests except underground. Republican and Democratic leaders have expressed confidence they have enough votes to win ratification by a large margin and to turn back any reservations. One of the reservations is a proposal by Sen. Barry Goidwater, R-Ar«., to postpone the treaty's effectiveness until the Soviet Union removes its military base and any nuclear-capable weapons from Cuba. May Get Backing Although only 15 senators have announced they will vote against the treaty, Sen. George D. Aiken, R-Vt., a treaty supporter, predicted Goidwater may muster as many as 30 votes for his reservation. Aiken, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said there may be fewer votes for a reservation by Sen. Russell B. Long, D-La., to spell out that the United States has a right to use nuclear weapons to defend itself or any of its allies. Reserva tions can be rejected by a majority vote, although ratification itself will require a two-thirds majority — 67 if all 100 senators are on hand. An unofficial Associated Press survey shows 82 senators either announced for or inclined to vote for ratification, 15 against and three — Sens. Howard Cannon, D- Nev.; John L. McClellan, D-Ark., and Margaret Chase Smith, R- Maine — undecided. A Wordy Affair Debate during the past two weeks has averaged 40,000 words a day. Sen. Len B. Jordan, R-Idaho, became the 15th senator to an nounce he will vote against the treaty and Sen. Olin D. Johnston, D-S.C, removed himself from the doubtful list by announcing he will vote for it. Johnston said if the Senate rejects the treaty "we are saying that we have given up all hope for peace and we are telling the world it must look forward only to an endless dark age of cold war and ever-threatening nuclear attack." Sen. Bourke B. Hkkenlooper, B- lowa, senior Republican member of the Foreign Relations Commit* tee and chairman of the Senate GOP Policy Committee, gave the I treaty uaeathusiastie support.
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