Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 20, 1963 · Page 22
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 22

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Friday, September 20, 1963
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IQalesburg Register -Mail GALESBURG, ILL., FRIDAY, SEPT. 20, 1963 PAGE 20 Report From Fulton Couutyan--- Visits Telstar Receiving Unit Editor's Note: This is the eighth in a series of reports on England from Judy Camp, Smithfield, Fulton County, one of eight Illinois farm youth participating in the 1963 International Farm Youth Exchange (IFYE) program. IFYE is a people-to- people program in which young people from the United States live and work for six months with rural people in other countries. In exchange, cooperating countries send delegates to the United States for a similar experience. This report was dated Aug. 29.) This month my assignment brings me to the most Southern and Western part of England, in the county ot Cornwall. Surrounded by water on the north, west and south, Cornwall is a very popular resort area. At present I am in the southwest part of the county. My hosts are Mr. and Mrs ' David Roberts, who are very familiar with the IFYE program. Mrs. Roberts, the former Joan Rogers, was the first IFYE ever to visit Fulton County. It seems rather strange, but good, to be able to talk about home to someone who knows what home is like. I arrived here last week after a 7-hour ride on one of Britain's "luxury trains." The Roberts' have three children—Susan, 6; Sally, 4, and Jonathan, 1. I might add that this is the first time I have visited a family with small children. Most of the children in our host families are 20 or older. Farms Are Small The farms in this part of Cornwall are very small. The average farm is 25 to 30 acres and consists chiefly of market gardening. Fields of broccoli, cabbage, potatoes and such flowers as iris or daffodils are abundant. Other crops include wheat, barley and hay. Several years ago mining was one of Cornwall's biggest indus tries. In 1875 the county produced three-fourths of the copper in the world and nearly half of the tin. Now the old mine shafts stand deserted, with ivy climbing over them. Some ore is still mined, but only in a few areas. One day my hosts obtained tickets for us to tour Telstar Receiving Station. It is located on the Goonhilly Downs about 25 miles from their home. The receiving aerial stands 85 feet above the ground and is shaped like a huge dinner plate. You can see this huge, white, concrete "dish" for many miles. The station is also used as a transmitting station for radio and TV. The only time signals are received from' Telstar Satellite is when America "turns it on." View Washington We were able to see (live) the "March on Washington" via Tel­ star. The march drew much attention from the British. The whole affair rated headlines almost equal to those of the Pro- fumo case. I haven't as yet been in Cornwall long enough to see much of the agriculture picture, but I have seen several of the famous beaches. We have also been to Lizard Point, Penzan.se, Truro and St. Ives — the beatnik town. I was very surprised to find palm trees growing here, since the weather is so cold. This past week I caught the "24- hour flu bug," and it has limited my explorations. Maybe I can use this time to tell you about some of the differences between England and the United States. Confused by Traffic" The first difference, which must hit every visitor, is the traffic going on the opposite (not wrong) side of the road. I have had several opportunities to drive, and this hasn't proved a serious matter. However, the tall hedges that grow at the road's edge prevent good visibility, and the roads are really narrow. Few houses here have furnaces. Most use fireplaces. It is common to sleep with three or four blankets even in August! The churches are huge stone structures and appear much colder than ours at home. The attendance hasn't been very good in the ones I have visited, but I have only been to services five out of 18 Sundays. I have attended Methodist, Presbyterian, Church of England, and Quaker services. I might add that I have gone to church every Sunday my host families have gone. All during my stay here, the people have been surprised at the size of the United States. They know.it is a big country, but when I tell them it is more than 1,000 miles from my home to the nearest ocean, they find it hard to believe. Anywhere in England or Wales, it is possible to drive to the sea for a picnic. The idea that many people at home never see the sea seems terrible to the British. Seasons seem to vary quite a bit. Spare time now is spent in picking blackberries and mushrooms in the pastures. — Judy Camp, c/o Miss Barbara Tylden, Assistant ' Secretary (International), The National Fed. of Young Farmers' Clubs, 55 Gower Street, London, W. C. 1., England. Production Efficiency Is Praised "Who Needs Farmers? This city dweller's question can best be answered by pointing out that the farmer's efficiency of production and the amount of money which he has to spend for his farming needs provides a livelihood for a tremendous number of people living in cities and towns. This observation was by Orion Samuelson, farm service director for WGN, Inc., before 194 farmers and guests in the Evangelical United Brethren Church Tuesday night. He spoke at the annual stockholders meeting of the Federal Land Bank Association of Galcs- burg, attended by members and their guests from Knox and Fulton counties. "Four out of 10 people are employed in the handling of farm produce and the produc tion and distribution of the things which a farmer needs to produce food," Samuelson said. "When an American farmer can produce enough food to feed himself and 26 other people, his efficiency is releasing labor to produce the many items which we enjoy at a reasonable cost he declared, "and helps us all to realize the finest standard of living in the world." Cites Vast Market TOPS AT AUSTIN—Grand champion market hog at this year 's National Barrow Show was this 200 -pound Poland China bred and exhibited by Harvey Richardson (left) and Bud Abernathy (right) of Elmore City, Okla. It was the second year in a row that a Poland had been declared America's top market hog, and the sixth in the last 10 years. This year's National drew nearly 3,000 entries from 21 states. W. Illinois Feeder Calves Sale Market Is Organized Fulton County has the first president of the Western Illinois Livestock Association. This cooperative, organized to provide a graded market for feeder calves raised in Western Illinois is headed by John Jameson, Canton, Route 1. As president, Jameson with the assistance of C. A. Gamble, Galesburg FFA Urges Corn Picker Safety LIGHTNING RODS GEORGE E. OWENS 20 Orel* Drive—Galeiburg, 111. S42-Q408 Post Livestock Outlook Meeting 111 Galesburg Production and price trends in the livestock industry and the possibility of profits will be predicted at a livestock meeting Wednesday at 8 p.m. here in the Knox County Farm Bureau auditorium. Brice Kirtlcy, UI College of Agriculture economist, will present the outlook material, along with comments by Gray Daley and Don Duke, livestock market representatives. Hogmen will see a picture of 1964 that can be profitable depending on some aspects. With hogs as the main mortgage-lifter and over 40,000 litters farrowed annually in Knox County, one might find it worthwhile to attend the meeting Wednesday evening. "Farm people may represent a small percentage of the nation's population but they need to sell themselves to their city cousins of the vast consumer market that farmers provide for the products produced by urban residents." Donald Love of Galva, was re-elected as a member of the board of directors for a 3-year term. H. S. Whalin, regional manager of the Federal Land Bank of St. Louis, mentioned that each day shows a new record of volume of business and service to farmers by the St. Louis Bank and the associations in the 3- state district of Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas. Holmes Gives Reports Vincent Holmes, vice president of the Galesburg association, reported on the activities of the board of directors during the past year. Manager Charles H. McKie, in discussing the current financial report, pointed out the gains in the assets, investments, income and net worth of the association during the past year. In addition to Locke, Holmes and Love, Ralph Clark of Victoria and Richard McElvaine of Avon are members of the board of directors of the Federal Land Bank Association of Galesburg. Outlook for Farm Products Are Appraised The gross national output in America in the year ahead will go up about 3 per cent, an agricultural economist observed at the recent Fulton County livestock outlook meeting in Canton. Royce Hinton, UI College of Agricultural economist, said economists anticipate consumer income to go up about the same amount. Out of this, 3 per cent gross national production, consumers are expected to spend 1.8 per cent of it in additional food costs. Breaking down the additional 1.8 per cent paid for food by the American public, 1.5 per cent is expected to go for additional services, such as improved pack aging and foods easier to prepare by the homemaker. The farmer is expected to get only .3 per cent of this additional 1.8 per cent of the gross national production expected to go for extra food expenses for the American family. Points to Stable Demand The demand for meat products expected to continue to be READ THE WANT ADS! Processing and Butchering mttessgjQjt BUTCHERING HOGS AND BEEF 6 DAYS EVERY WEEK. Our expert meat cutters assure you ot getting most cuts from your beet or bogs. Processed to your individual family needs and packed in the best plastic coated freezer paper. BUTCHERING CHARGE: BE-gF $5, HOGS $2.50 Wt Uit A Dehairing Machine >o Give A Packinghouse Job WESTERN ZERO LOCKER "Custom** Sat&action U Our Aim" Hog Prices Hold Stable During Week By LEONARD H. WOODS (Galesburg Order Buyers, Inc.) Hog prices have remained relatively stable all week. Demand continues good for all weights and grades. Fat hogs sell down to $15; 1 and 2 grades, 200 to 230 pounds sell $15.25 to $15.50 and sorted ones top at $15.75. Packing sows, selling at $14.25 to $14.50, are in unusually good demand and on some days heavy packing sows seem to be scarce, with demand far exceeding the supply. Looking ahead we can't see too much change in hog prices. Large numbers are pressing to move and it looks like receipts will be fully adequate to meet present requirements of the dressed pork trade. Very possibly large numbers of new crop hogs did well in the feedlots and are coming to market in advance of cool fall weather—so the hogs got ready before the pork market was ready for the hogs. This naturally caused an early and sharp break in the live hog market. We are reasonably hopeful that we have seen the worst of the fall price decline. Meat-type hogs continue in best demand and should be sold before they reach 240 pounds in weight. is stable during the coming year. The livestock producer also is expected to have a plentiful supply of feed grains. Economists predict that the average seasonal price for corn will be from a $1.10 to $1.20 per bushel. The national government support price on corn is $1.07 per bushel. Soybeans are expected to average out the year at $2.50 per bushel, compared with the support price of $2.25 per bushel. The average bulk price of soybean price at Decatur is expected to be around $75 for the coming year. Average feed cost for producing 100 pounds of live weight is expected to be about $10.50 for hogs, $17.20 for steer calves, and $19.40 for yearling steers. Projecting the slaughter price for steers, it is expected to be rather stable around $25 per hundred live weight. Should beef cattle feeders, however, sell at lighter weights the price may even go above the predicted $25 per hundred. Build Up Beef Cow Herds With the continuing build up of beef cow herds, which has resulted in an expected plentiful supply of steer calves, this market is expected to be somewhat lower than fall pries of 1962. Another speaker at the Canton meeting, Gray Daly, assistant manager of the Illinois Livestock Producers Association, emphasized that it is important that steers be marketed at lighter weights at the proper finish to help maintain farm prices. Dick Herm also spoke on the use of Central marketing to provide a competitive position in selling livestock. Pittsfield, vice president, and James Retzer of Hardin, secretary, have the responsibility for supervising and providing the leadership for the feeder calf consignment sales. The first sale will be Oct. 21 at the sale barn in Pittsfield. The second sale is scheduled for the Colchester Sale Barn Nov. 18. Cooperating with the Western Illinois group which has board representation from 12 to 15 counties in its area, are specialists of the Agricultural Extension Service of the University of Illinois and farm advisers in the respective counties. Any beef producer in Western Illinois may consign cattle to either of the sales by completing a feeder calf sale consignment agreement. The primary purpose of the sale is to provide a source of high quality calves of good grade or better to feeders in Western Illinois. The screening committee, which will be qualified to judge cattle on the proper grades, will check every animal that goes through the sale. Rejected cattle will receive a rejection slip giving the reason for the rejection to aid producers in improving their herds. Cattle must have been bom on the farm of the beef producer consigning cattle to sale or must have been on his farm April 1, 1963. Brindles, bulls and stags will not be sold at the sale. Cattle with objectionable horns also are excluded from the sale. However, there will be no discrimination against horn calves born in 1963, although horned calves will be sold together. Heifers over 15 months of age and cowy heifers will not be accepted for the sale. Cattle are expected to be healthy, sound, thrifty and meet the qualifications of the screening committee. Feeder Calf Sale Calves consigned to these sales will be sorted into uniform lots according to breed, sex, quality and weight, as well as being properly identified. Sorting will be done by Extension Service specialists of the College of Agriculture at the University of Illinois. Beef producers interested in participating in either of the sales should contact the director from their county or farm adviser, and complete a feeder cattle sale consignment agreement according to the requirements and regulations well in advance of the sale. This will allow the sale committee to assure one that there will be a place for his cattle in the sale. The proper operation of a mechanical corn picker Increases the farmer's yield per acre. And proper operation is safe operation, says Dave Hawkinson, president of the Galesburg Chapter of the Future Farmers of America. The organization is participating in a nationwide program to reduce accidents due to carelessness during the corn harvest. The safe corn harvest program is sponsored by the Farm Equipment Institute and the National Hafety Council. "A safe corn 'picker operator lias only about one chance in a million of being hurt on a picker in the next five years, while the average operator stands one in 35, according to University of Illinois College of Agriculture," Hawkinson said. "A careless operator has a 50-50 chance of )>eing seriously injured in the • next five years. The UI study showed the average corn picker loses about 10 per cent of the yield. But one operator in five loses only half (his much, while another almost doubles the average loss. As part of the program, members of the chapter will try to visit every farm family in the community. They will review the safety precautions required for the safe operation of corn pickers and other harvest equipment. A packet of safety materials will be left with each family, Hawkin- , , , . . L . . ate and on most farms it is leaV' THINK/ BE CAREFUL TODAY - BE HERE TOMORROW Cooperate in the FFA Safe Corn Harvest Proqram son said. operator. Proper and safe opera- The corn picker is the most i"g too much com in the field, tion puts money in the family's dangerous farm machine to oper- But the danger is to the careless bank account. 5th ANNIVERSARY 4-H Beef Program. 5,000 YEAR 1959 i960 1961 196Z 1963 4-H program sponsored by t. /, da Pont da Ntmourt f, Co. FIGHT SHIPPING FEVER ON YOUR NEW CATTLE TRY ABINGDON'S NEW AUREO-VITA - 700 A high Molasses stress supplement with 700 grams Aureomycin and 50,000 units Vitamin A. NONE LIKE IT IN THE MIDWEST Abingdon Milling Co PHONE 89 Beatty Exhibits Prize-Winning Carcass at Show Poland China Swine breeder J. Robert Beatty of Avon exhibited the ninth prize pork carcass over all breeds and crosses at the National Barrow Show last week in Austin, Minn. A grand total of 196 head from 21 states was entered, in what was said to have been one of the finest carcass shows in the event's history. Exhibitors were on hand from as far West as Oregon and East to New Jersey. Beatty's prize-winning carcass barrow cut 30.6 inches long, with only 1.40 inchesof average back- fat, 5.48 square'inches of loineye muscle and 15.37 per cent ham, to index 108.5. Poland Chinas captured seven of the 20 placings in the carcass show, with six of these being in the top 13. Also, for the second year in a row, a Poland China barrow was named grand champion of the entire show in the on- foot judging. , Big Things Are Ahead for 4-H'er With Beef Project The 1963 National 4-H Club Congress and the International Live Stock show the first week in December are destined to be once-in-a- lifctime experiences for the 4-H beef program award winner. An all-expense trip to Chicago awaits the state's top prize winner. The boy or girl also will be considered for one of six $500 college scholarships presented to the highest ranking 4-H beef cattle producers in the nation. This year marks the fifth anniversary of the beef program sponsorship by E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Co. During the last five years participation and awards won by 4-H'ers have increased markedly. Operates Program Supervised by the Cooperative Extension Service, the program in 1962 attracted more than 145,000 boys and girls in nearly every state, compared to about 135,000 in 1959. Enrollment is expected to show another increase when the 1963 figures are compiled. The beef program offers 4-H'ers opportunities to learn and apply latest methods of breeding, feeding and marketing. Much of the original research and testing were done by the agricultural experiment stations and private enterprises. The youths also practice judging, fitting and showing of animals, and demonstrate various aspects of livestock production and management. Progress reports, personal development and service to the community are considered when 4-H award winners are selected. Three girls and 21 boys already have claimed scholarships and next December six more youths will join this elite group of national champions. Measure Aims To Help Safer Pest Control WASHINGTON (UPI) - An appropriation of nearly $1 million to speed up research on the development of safer pest control measures is expected to be approved next week by th e Senate. The fund is included in an appropriations bill which would finance Agriculture Department programs for the fiscal year which began July 1. The money involved, $960,000, would be used to begin equipping and staffing a new department research laboratory. The lab is currently being built at Fargo, N.D., and officials say it may be completed by early 1964. The pending Senate action would allow research work to get under way at the new i lab as soon as possible after construction is completed. The Senate Appropriations Committee has decided to push up the schedule for financing the lab's operations and to make the operating funds available whenever they're needed. The Senate is expected to endorse the decision of the committee. The last verdict will come in the Senate - House conference later to iron out a final version of the agricultural appropriation bill. READ THE WANT ADS I Ad Correction CHARLOTTE Borden':} Frozen Dessert Your Choice of Flavors tt-Gal. CO* ctn. 3iy$ A&P FOOD STORES Have You Received Your Free Little Porky FOR DETAILS CONTACT YOUR MOORMAN MAN REPRESENTATIVES IN THIS AREA DONAIP GRIGGS Oneida, 111,-483-3334 FRITZ GIBB ___ - Roaeville, Jllinoi*-62R4 C. T. CAPPEl -Rio, lllinoi«HM4.3715 ORLQW R. HAZEN —, Oneida, lllinois-483-2162 ROGER laRUi ———Altxis, lllinois-Hubbard 3,333$ JIM REXROAT Galesburj, III—943*3999 MOORMANS - Alpha Division lAmpert 9-4111 Alpha, Illinois

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