The News from Frederick, Maryland on July 3, 1896 · Page 3
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The News from Frederick, Maryland · Page 3

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Friday, July 3, 1896
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, . ,V *,.«-» jr if, 5 BISULPHIDE OF CARSON. lr«r Cuoucbicr %'!··*» For killing u^s^ces on s^los. K on- zmls^r vujfcs parveor* sosie tight boxee, laeh ai sound chm«j boxc*. large enough ItocoTtr the tit**. Tack a booth of flags lirgt raix^h to bold, lay, an tee erf the liquid without dripping IB [fee bKum. VVLt-a rwuiy, garhur tLa I runners in so Lbey can ill be eorered box. iarurate th« I bent-h of rag* and quickly core* th» I kill, wishing tb- «lgv of the box into I the earth H'»-i drawing the earth against T»S or btuiii*. K-xrp ihe filled and train jj»d '·oii'i, so outer fdgxni \.iil Mt-ttle The oatside Lt\..--M-iil k elope .'kwj* .*-·: rain:TM!. Kocmi ! tad are itxst A. r*cfal A ttirfol ut-pk-sfceut which, should be aa il*e jiviiu=-.T ui .-* ery rural hvn»c is shown in accvaifjiiyiu? illustration from American Gurdeuuig:. It ootiieo haady in a x^ud uiany ways atul is especially «*rrvoi.-!ible for caarviux arti- L cfcs that are too balky or too b«tvy to br iaov^-d -asily by one person. Its cua- struvrtiou njuirvs uo umiiual -HH or ing»-uuiry. Anybody who t»« s»w, bmmcr, mats and a few piecm of puie or bjtis-.voud Uxtrds can m,i'.-»- uu-. It Is a guxl thing to have ia the brrry patch fur currying craus, ttc.. in a convenient cuumer. outside edges wheru any vapor would otherwise have a chance to escape. All tho bugs will be killed in about an hour, and the rags can have a little more liquid and the box transferred to another hilL Whatever is usexl as a cover bad better not be much larger than necessary to cover the vines, as it will take more liquid to make a death atmosphere. If one has many vines to treat, it may be best to provide a good number of covers. Anything that will cover the vines and keep the vapor in will do, and if one hiis other work to do near by, a few covers will enable a person to treat u good many hills in a day, says the writer of the foregoing in a letter to Ohio Fanner. The illustration represents a homemade cover, which the authority quoted also describes: Take a barrel hoop, cut it in two and fasten the pieces at right onsT!* 1 -* *" ^ach or!"-r hy making 1 a hole with a bradawl through both and madc with the 1^,.-^ sweot corns and inserting a screw eye with the eye on ^0^,^ npotl Th.- Country Gentleman ' the convex side, to be used as a handle I ^^ which has . ^ n fO "highly com- for lifting. Spring the hoops to make a j j^ded, is considered of little value in cover of the size wanted, notch the ends | Mixiue at i e:lsr% havinc failed to reach and tie a string around, as in making a \ ^ ^ ib ^ coition before frosts during t kite; or, better, use a stiff wire or a full | ^ past three ^.^^ (^ j^ bcen j^ I hoop. Take maailUi or even a newspaper, ! Btan dard of earliue.«, but in q Wf- h:ivt- bf-is plaiiiiing a taiitun- of chemicals for au oat cruu out of nitrate of soda, acul nick and ninnati- of po:- ash. Tlu-r- w:is no good place in the olii burn ivr 11111.111^, ciiiii ttii- lann»-r n^u 'never used chi-micals U-fore. So directions werx- givt-n to mix on a Ifvi-l piect' of grass m-ar thi- fii-ld. A SJKUX- 10 by 12 fi-t was sn-Uftrd and c-ovi-rx-d lightly witli soiL Tiu-u half the acid rock was spread and the lumps crushed with u shovcL Then laore soil wxs pre:ul. und tht-n ludf the nitrate with niorv stiil on that, aud th(.-u h:df the muriate. In this way thi mixturv wxs spread, with layers of soil betwwn t-ach layer tif cheiu- icala. The whole thing was thi-u shoveled together and spread out several times. It was broadcasted by loading on a dra^ and spreading mm that with a shovel It was then worked in with a spring tooth barrow. Of course this was but a crude way of doing the work, but it seerued the best plan under the circumstances, -- Rural New Yorker. The Sweet Corns. cover all of one side -with paste and cover one section (one-fourth of the "dome") with it, turning all the surplus paper inside. The other three sections are covered with paper in the same ·way, turning the surplus paper either inside or outside, as it would naturally go. A bundle of rags or cotton can be tied inside where the hoops cross to receive the charge of bisulphide. Any of the chemical left after treating one Hill can be earned, with little loss to the nest. This will make a more substantial cover {fr^Ti one would at first think, even when made of newspapers, as when dry the paste will make them very stiff, espe- there are several thicknesses of paper. ^MChe covers will also be very lesstent to the vapors of the bisulphide of carbon. i-- HAYMAKING. Catting, Caring and Storing--Tea, Tine aad Rje U»T--Hayinc Mmchincrr. Crops intended for hay should be harvested just after the bloom begins to falL Ked clovers make the best hay if cut as soon as the first dry heads appear. Where there is a mixture of timothy and clover try to strike a desirable medium. Hay is frequently injured by- letting it lie in the sun too long after cutting. Excessive drying makes it hard and brittle. If it is raked and put at once into the stack, it will have to be pretty thoroughly dried. But if the hay is to be cocked, rake as soon as this can be done and place in medium sized cocks, where it-will cure nicely -without bleaching. It can then be stacked or stored in the mow. Cured in this manner, it will be of the first quality--soft, green, palatable and highly digestible^ In many localities field peas are being Sown this year for soiling and hay. American Agriculturist tells farmers I) just what to do with **"« crop: For feeding green, begin cutting -when blossoms are well out and continue until the seeds have begun to harden. Cut with a mower, allow to wilt and put into small cocks, which, after thorough curing, may be gathered into a stack .and topped out with hay or elevated into a mow. In many places a mixture of peas and oats is sown for hay and for soiling, with gratifying results. The resulting crop is harvested much as when the peas are seeded alone For .iay, cut when the peas begin to harden; for soiling, when in full blocra. This mixture can be cat with a binder or a mower. If it is thought desirable, the pea and oats hay may be ran through A thrashing machine, thus separating the straw and grain. During the past few dry seasons rye has not only done good service as pas- tore where grasses failed, but if cut just before heading makes a fair hay. Of course it is not nearly so good as clover or timothy, but is much better than straw and is readily eaten by stock. It is cat with a mower, allowed to cure, then cared for as timothy. It is not difficult to harvest. 'With improved machinery a hay crop can be put up with very little hand work The crop can be cut, allowed to dry, gathered up with a large fork, drawn to the stack and elevated by "»wagon, hauled to the bam and unloaded with a bay fork. Either of these ^methods must be practiced where the crop is very large. Improved slings, tracks, harpoons, etc.. have made the operation comparatively simple. If, however, the highest (jtzolity is dosin?J and amount to be harvested is comparatively small, it -will pay to rake before thoroughly dry and put into small cocks until compl'-teiy cured. This is especially true of :iie clovers and peas. It can then U- loaded upon a wagon, taken to the barn or dragged to the stack by means of large horserakes. Where material can be securfd at rea- 8onabl« figures it pays to build cheap sheds for hay which cannot be put into s the barn loft. If it is necessary to stack · in the open field, top out with wild hay if it can be obtained cr cover with c*n-! i quality it is far from perfect, aud several varieties grown the past se;i=oi were edible aa soon as the Cory--79 days from planting--including Eastman's Early, Lackey's Early Swcer and Early Sunrise. The latter compares favorably in quality with the later varieties and was the "nost urolific. __ Importation of Texas Cattle. Governor Rich of Michigan has issued a proclamation prohibiting until Nov. 1 the importation of Texas cattle or those raised south of the thirty-sixth parallel of north latitude which have not been continuously one winter north of said latitude. Cattle in transit across the state are excepted, but they cau be unloaded only for watering and feeding, and then only at West Detroit, in the Texas cattle division of the Michigan Central stockyards. Cattle intended for immediate slaughter are also excepted, but they must be held in strict quarantine awaiting it A Simple Bordeaux Mixture. Rural New Forker asks: Why not simplify the directions for making the stock solutions for the bordeaux mixture by using a pound of sulphate of copper or a pound of lime for each gallon of water used in making the respective stock solutions? Then each gallon of the solution will represent a pound of the material used. Then, by taking 6 gallon? of each solution and adding sufficient water to make 50 gallons of the compound, the proper proportions of the bordeaux mixture are readily secured. Deposit* In A bulletin from the Pennsylvania state experiment station gives an account of the deposits of rock phosphate in Jsniata county, Pa., and emphasizes the value of the surface marks in the same vicinity. There is prospect of a mass of rich phosphate that can be easily worked. For Binding Wneat. Last season The Farm Implement News gave considerable space to an account of a trial of a binder with grass twine which took place in Illinois. The SPOOLS OF GRASS TWT5TE. grass twine, according to a description given it by Rural New Yorker, is really a coarse braid of grass or bay about as large as a clothesline. It is coiled on a largo spool--like those shown here-back under the driver's seat, and in the trials mentioned unwound readily and held the bundles. The hope is expressed that this grass twine will still further the cost of harvesting wheat Pit maul Perquisite of a Xayer. Once every five years tbemayor and corporation of Xewcastle-on-Tyne go in state reocbes to proclaim the in right to the fore shore They went yesterday, May 14, and the mayor, still in accordance with custom, landed at a village green, and kissing the prettiest girl present gave her a new sovereign. That's for remembrance, as Ophelia says. There are compensations, then, for the toil? incidental to civic functions. There must be a keen competition for the mayoralty every five years. The civic fathers, we observe, are conveyed in "Elizabethan barges. " la this 90T3C faint and farofT cosuccmoratlon of the fact tbat there was kissing every five minutes or so in the reign of the virgin queeu and before? Erasmus, in one of his epistles, says that he never_saw such a people for kissing as the English, They kissed all around on the slightest provocation -at meeting, at parting and apparently when Anybody said a good thing. Newcastle's rare Indulgence In this exercise testifies to the increasing pressure of public business In modern times. -- London News. be fatt«ied in eoxly winter is eqcai U it. Plan* the L»; days of Ju!y, -sti snibble laud afwr tbe other crops fcave Kvn cut. It may sU» !«· njviji m cor.! afttr tin LA. j.Cv\ii:ijj : (· r. ijv tSj»-IAS: ·? ix-vv '_;.-r i,.- r.- ·»·· · f- -- ; · v * * x - : .- - - Ooe · Vttz* Bx*4 Pcller. tfe« Otvr a Pur* iimi !MiiJI«-*-. A rat* is \s hich the try fe!!w ui rcr fina illustraUMU. a^urv..'. ui-u^i ix 5 U- j much of am affair, fcu: t-:i ;i.--v-t:.erha!:.; j thv iHjrwr in the »-uihi i:cturx \ \ v c l . i j not ni-ike i^-^iii of a »i-vw m a ;;-.!:!:,.· J match. j The rirst hs-rv-. vu.»'!.::..: ^ t-.'i. i- o.! n'i Shire staHii!i jjuti J r-irv .v..- , hu kiluL lie has \.«. in tiu IXinimiou. At uin- in" the leading fairs he wwi tho swerpniulccs over tho Clydesdale iK-.ivywriglnc. Much is written lately concerning tlie five gtiited Kentucky saddler. This horse is coming into favor so rapidly that it will not be surprising if our Kentucky and TeuneKx-e fri mU have their h:uiAs more than full in endeavoring to keep up with the demand. The bicycle can never wheel the Kentucky saddler out of favor. The second hors-e is naturally u product of Kentucky. He is a bay 15.8 in height. A more beautiful, spirited head never crowned a horse's body. He is bay in color. HU beautiful, long, flowing HAKJTESS AXD SADDLE STAlilOX. tail shows at once that he belongs in tho south, where the cruel and silly practice of docking never found favor. Besides his five saddle gaits, this horse is an accomplished driver as well. The south understands in-perfection the breeding and training of the combined riding and driving horse t SPRING LAMBS. How a Mamaciiasett* Farmer HjtkM Good Monty by T*»'«'"g Them. A correspondent of The Breeder's Gazette describes a Massachusetts farmer's way of rearing market lambs to get the top price" »« follows: At Cleverly farm can be seen a practical demonstration of how to produce spring lamb that will please the taste of an epicure. At this farm about 200 breeding ewes were kept during the winter. Seventeen lambs were dropped in December, 1895, about four-fifths in January and only a few in February. One hundred and ninety-one living lambs were dropped and only two died at birth. Almost the first lambs in Boston came from this flock early in February, and April 1 nearly 50 "springers" had been marketed, weighing from 52 to 57 pounds. Recently a 7-weeks-old lamb was killed at the farm that dressed nut 29^ pounds net--a regular "butter ball" These lambs have returned their owner from flO to $12.50 each, net proceeds, and are wanted as fast as they will weigh over 50 pounds. In fact, the demand has exceeded the supply and called for "springers" faster than the lambs were ready to ship. This farmer values good blood, and bought his rams--choice Southdowns-and mated them with half blood, fine wool ewes, crossed with the Down breeds. Corn silage makes a very satisfactory feed for making milfe-, with good hay and a liberal gram ration, while the laiabs are supplied at all times with fresh clover rowen and a grain ration of cornmeal, bran and oil meal in a creep by themselves. Nearly all of the lambs go to market in April and the ewes are sheared and turned to pasture for another season's work. It seems almost certain that this lamb crop will bring $1,500 this year. These lambs are sold on commission in the open market of Boston and go for what they will bring. Preparations are being made to increase the breeding flock to 400 ewes another winter, and the entire capacity of the farm buildings will be devoted to this work. An experiment will be tried of feeding the sheep on rape before going into winter quarters next autumn. This is not a pictture of fancy farming, but a few plain facts that help to answer the question, How shall we make the farm pay a profit? That there is no cruelty in docking, as The Rider and Driver would have its readers believe, will not for a moment be credited by a single person of ordi- JUM.J iTtl^jigtiSCEV. 'JLllti J^cCt^BOAby which the New York paper says "takes it out of the category of cruelty" does not exist and has never existed. As well might it be said, should fashion declare in favor of one legged coachmen, that the amputation of the superfluous .'intb would not be an act of cruelty. The supporters of this barbarous practice of docking may make all manner of excuses, but they cannot advance a single solid argument to show that a docked horse is in any manner rendered superior to one that has not been subjected to mutilation.--Horse World. Live Stock Point*. Readers should remember that for late forage for sheep fall rape is first clasa Cattle will also pat it readily and it makes excellent beef and milk. To start sheep and lambs that are to ai u !i_e !_.:.w :· st. %'lth w«v*iv land. lu ci"lbwrrvjwsaad clvska .iu: ce Wivo. U-tw^it the rows. Kape ;- -. -a .«*. Li'-- as the Cii'i lie ! -s.- *«-·-·: »:n-»wru t" rK.-uv.rv' ill tbv \Uit- T \i -tat:-, a to p-S cattle m an she v · ;!.e ".'. "i.- V..U-J: late *· eujt ni ^:au -. A te::t - J Ivel lou;:, T feet deep and 4 fixt ···ill-' a: the boliout. It is «id*r at thv 'Jtty, ·* rattle Ituty be dn\*:i Illlo It e ·.- dy. The lank L% tilled !:-orly full , f »a!er. Ou lop uf the *alir !· jn-urwl about SOt) gallium of cotivumd oil. This Seats ea t.p of ike water zx,-'. ivv- en. it to the depUi vt an lach. The t.tuk is n\ed in a trench dug in the earth. The ground slopes down to the tank at tho entrance, bo as to tuake an e:uy approach. It a!op«!t gently up at the other end. A lot in fi'iitvd oSf aruuuj the tank and gab* Ktd into it. The cattle are thriven int.) thi« lot and themv on into tin' tank one at a tiiu«'. Thvv uatnrallv swim to the far uudof it. As they clluiU out their bodies become coate»l with tho cottonseed oil This kills the ticks. Dipping ns'o ir three times during a summer will keep the animals rid of the pests. We would like to SH.- spraying with a mixture of the cottonseed oil tried, to ascertain whether that would not produce the same effect There is something stirring, thrilling even, to the eateru man in the great flocks and herds of livo Stock that are gathered at the shipping points of tho west. Denver is n great distributing point for the horses, cattlf, hogs and sheep that are sent from the southward to tlie north to be prepared for market or marketed directly. From Tucson, A. T., there were recently at the Denver itockyanls 1,000 yearling steers and as many from other points. To the small eastern farmer who keeps a few cows and sells a steer or two from them annually the western yards and round upa give the impression of a sea of livestock In good weather always feed fattening cattle outdoors. Cut clover for the silo just when you would cut it for hay.. Care of the Show Hog's Hair. Hogs that have been" in moderate or thin condition and afterward fed up strongly nearly always shed the old coat of hair, but if they should get a setback during the time of the slipping of the hair the shedding usually stops, and thereafter it is hard to get it started again. In such cases if pi-.tches are left use horse clippers, always working the clipper with the lay of the hair, instead of against it, if smoothness is desired. Oats and new milk given internally will greatly aid in making the hair smooth and glossy. For external application use first castile or ivory soap and warm, soft water. Wash and scrub vigorously, rinse off with clear water and then apply a vigorous sponging with buttermilk. Use a good, stiff, dry brush every day and groom him. as well as you do your horses. If you desire to use oil as a dressing for the show ring, olive oil with 10 per cent of alcohol is as good as any. Glycerin with the same per cent of alcohol is also a good dressing. If flies are bad, add enough crystal carbolic acid to make it taste and smell some. The legs and inside of ears should be cleared of long hair by the use of clippers when the animal is to be shown. Such trimming adds much to the appearance of the animal With Poland-Chinas the ears at edges and on top should be trimmed, but with Berkshires the fringed ear is one of the distinctive marks of the animal of pure blood and hcsco had better not be removed.--Exchange. Bat* Gnawed the Cows. Here is an argument against the rigid stanchion in a story from the Liberty (N. 3c.) Register: A peculiar form of misfortune has befallen the dairy of J. R. Dntcher, who lives about a mile north of Parfcsville, Sullivan county, N. Y. A few weeks ago, Mr. Dutcher noticed that his cows were growing languid and worn; then the hair in various places disappeared, and what seemed to be great open sores appeared. The sores grew larger and each morning when he entered the stable he noted new and large ones, some as large as a man's hand, with blood trickling from them. This state of affairs went from bad to worse until he counseled with his neighbors for the cause. They looked at the suffering cattle and immediately said'' Rats.'' And the cause was indeed rats. The rats had become so starved tbat they would attack the cows and eat right into the flesh of the defenseless animals, for they were fastened in the stable by devices known as stanchions, which afford them only a very limited use of the head and do not permit a cow to bring its head in contact with any part of the body. Mr. Dutcher overcame the difficulty by dispensing with the use of the stanchions and tying his cows with ropes, thus permitting th«m to defend themselves against the ravenous hunger of the rats. Since the change, his dairy ia improving rapidly, and the cows will soon have their accustomed flesh and peace of mind. In "IjUith." page 74, Dr. George Mafr Donald, speaking of the warrants in the kitchen at the palace of Bulika, has this "I turned my head and saw the white leopardess regardicg them m a way that might have feared stouter hearts." This is, of course. Shakespearean, and the usage is at the present time a Scottish colloquialism, but ltiscuriou-5 to find it in a very ambitious allegory that is otherwise destitute of archa^ans and ScoUish features.--Notes and Queries. Th» Tljer Shaped Parasite. If we arc to believe the stories told by the old time writer*, the ti«r« of early days were infested by what some one has appropriately termed "the oddest parasite in creation." According- to the story, the "tiger flea" was a perfect counterpart of the tiger La every respect--claws, tail. head, stripes, etc. That it would be utterly impossible for a blood sacking insect to he ouilt after such a fashion goes without laying, but there must have been some llight foundation for the story. What wa* it?--St. Louis Republic. weather t«!:i Kept eutuwly frvnu the i^atie watvrtljth' * therv uf to tt» Crcmmrry. That wu*-, ep to daft? dairyman, Mr. J. D. Sn'.i'-h, of Dvlaware- county, S. Y., Jn-Bk.T'.t*'* in UkiarJ's Dairyman on amiL^eiuetit uf building* and anvwiBorfwi lo msi-- h«'jr rai*ii!r easy in tr.ntiiiectioa diryuig tuul bacu-r making, llr. an uur dairy t\va» w 3«cttt*«i euu»» Ii higher than tht» pigpen. Ill tiw «r of the- dairy ixvou we have fwc irvm sinks, nde by ad*-. The tkirutuilk and t'uttt-ruiilk u run frutii the chum acd Ulilk reoe{ta:l-» iuk (tti£ (.'f ih'-Mr oiu»s which is r^auieoted with lixui pipe, and conveys th* uiilk . zxrvtujtt to a rvxviviux vat la tbe --!,. By this iiu-Alio VMf avoid all A hut*.' la a(tachtl to the waU't fau^-t vid enniduew the wau-r t« UK chum, and all waste waU-r us conveyed tliri.unh « wer j»ijis 330 feet away from the b-.iunt- aud distributed over tho Bscaiiiw latuis. The i«{Jix-u is what was OJiix' our old hou-SM and U S? by 34 feet. All uiMile timbers vu-rv removed, buch art fl«»t, joints, etc\, aud tho outelde HUN Il:ie.-l ,'ii »cm lit \Mtll toUUUnlluU about a feet higli. The rtoor is cement, laid on a grade of 8 iucht*, m the width of the building, or Ii7 f.vt. If doing it again, I would have th«« grade not lesi than 1(5 inches in 27 feet. At the back or lower »ul« there is couKtrucuxl a won of wide ttvugh, which is simply a place about 3 feet, wide, hoi- A B A, end elevation of carriaco Louw and borne barn. B, end elennlou of manure vut, CAKBIAGB HOUSE AXD nOItSE BABK. lowed out so as to bo 3 1 or 8 inches deeper in the center than at tho sides, and slanting from each end of the building toward the center. This is to carry the water all toward one point, where there is an opening somo S feet wido left hi the underpinning wall and low enough to admit of all liquids draining into a water tight vat below the pigpen proper. The carriage house and horse barn ia 30 by 40 feet The upper floor is supported by truss rods, so as to prevent the necessity of any supporting posts'be- low. The floor at a is cement, and tho horse stalls were cemented and plank laid in tho soft cement The manure from the horse stalls all goes through the door e into the manure vat, which is about 10 feet deep, as will be seen by the end elevation. One who has never tried it would hardly realize the convenience of the truss support, doing away with all poets. The door d shuts the horses entirely away from, tbo carriages. The doorsill at b is a long flagstone on a level with* floor a. The underpinning walls are some 12 inches higher. Tho end next tho pigpen is ceiled up tight, the same as the other outer covering. We enter the feed alley of pigpen A at doorway E. The milk vat I is sunk in the floor for two reasons, one the better to protect from frost, and it was necessary in order to get a proper grade for iron milk pipe, which runs underground below frost line. In regard to kind of pipe to use to carry milk to pigpen I would say ours is a 2 inch wroupht iron pipe, called rustless pipe. It has been in use ten years and is sound y-t, so far as we know. Great care must be taken to have the grade true, with no depressions. B are feeding troughs, (J pens for store or fatting pig?, with slat doors, Dfor beds, made of hard wood 2 by 4, laid half an inch apart. These beds extend back over the back alley or tronghlike depression laid with a slope toward the center, where door E leads to manure vat F. The two center pens are not as long, and the slat floors should not be as high from the main floor as the two end ones may be, JD is the beds of slat floor. E E E, etc., are doorways leading from different pens. H is a series of stone steps; K, a ·t« rt. 50ft. a, carriacc room b. entitle roil door. -. bor»o stalls, d. door. i 1 . Hide uoor to mnnnrc vat. A. feed alley. B. feed trrmchs. C, pen*. B C, brood saw p"n.-. D. t«is, E. uours. F. numtire vat. G, irindowi. H, rtcjw. I, milk Tat. GBOtTXD PLAX OF STABLES AXD HOG HOUSE. large Sag stone, and these should be laid in the wall when built, leaving an opening in wall at £ £ for pigs to go to and from the manure vat F. By laying the cement floor on a good grade from the feeding alley hack and then grading the back alley from each end toward the center it will enable all the liquids to be carried down in the manure vat at £ K. The wall around this manure vat is 10 feet high, with a doorway 10 feet wide at E ?o that, in cleaning, a wagon saa back under the sill and toward either end of the vat G are windows; besides there are windows ia the elevation for sufficient sunlight. It will be seen the manure from the horse stables goes into the vat every day and the liquids from the pigpens constantly dripping in, while the pigs are in there getting ex- jTcase rooting it all over. During the summer w^ put up th« doorway of vat at E, a board or two at a time as needed, and throw in anything we can obtain for the pigs to w^rfc at. Some seasons we gather several wagon loads of muck that collects at the outlet of Spring Lake on our farm. This we throw in any time if there is an excess of liquids. Any weeds or forest leaves, wds, refuse from the garden, in fact, anything put in here will come out a first class fertilizer in the spring, and I have yet to use any fertilizer, homemade or purchased, that gives aa good or aa last- U*e IU THINKS THE MOON IS SAFE. Bcraotod *r SCot Bl« FuU i.. \i-. 4»» B» frtparvd at lu tt.:'.\:'y tj- » - \v :.vV a". 1 . -vv»; l !e bifure f u .iJLl.V' ·''·'*· I'-'' MI aiul MIII iul a\\ay. ir £U- :i **' :! ·· i-ti N«- that tin- ou!i. la a thU t» ea Far'j* Uritw y: Uftir i ilkl-sg at I hj\i- rv-aJ ···.iia ::: :· h ii;^T^»c the Jr ·! jr- ur J'tn .i«rsv»»'»Tt«l«.-f.t tL»r for Ksslk isi !··- «t'« r--; '.· :ity 10 »* a t» rusli u; ail the or"aiti i!i 10 i,r I- Knar*. :.-a ^L::ll it. If \ o ! . a \ · a « pamfr, r-:*,\ ;t thr"::^!t l-y i!- If « i this Hk:'.i.in:tk t.iki- at»t:t 1« j«'i:!t- f»r every HH) [Hut!ds if i*rt*utu \\ Inch -»u expwt lo ohuru. iiiat it t» t»0 l.-KT-^, nisil k'^-i' it 1« t w - n s«* ur:l ',«» tit j:r'-s till I! ii oojcula!^L Thin e:iu U- '..ui- by iilwinir tin- c:ui in u \\ariti \v:iii r t.ath. or by |laci:iK it, nftiT li'iiuii,;. in a IH'X \ \ i t h N'liu-sii in;»t«-n:vl. Tin- writer isH i»ft«-n !uy. ir- --»tl lirisiSy in in suoha niaiiii'T as t» !u\«- a li"!- fi r tin* can, which FhouM lia\c» --i\ isii-lu · i'f hay undiT thi' l t t lu ai:d at ·-!·»· M'i l'u\-r with a \\\*l u v \ r, u ·'."! h ami M'::n- buy. nr, l» n-r .-nil, acu^iui-u ni:ul-' tvr it. Tin]; n-n'M tarmir f.iu t)iu obtain tlic ^iim- i-aii :is iii"»- v. lui can iitl'uni t» l-iiy a can, uhu'li i vi-ry IIHV to t . s - i --hi t.ld i:iav«, thi i\" 1 n l'l:i ·· -x- I! ·* It h h n t l l t l lift 1 · xI. luin 1-- kii:r!'t:ti i! anil tin- curd Imi.-i VVhi'ii rt-ady t.i 1 I- 1 p !!· nil i !.Ul. If it \vill ' h.i:d ^, a h t t l , in us , and lh- Cl \viu-y I h.iir yii-vo is very haiuiy i" '.!£" tlu'M.irtcr thnuih!i s t n s t i i l - s'ur" t» p't it *-n:i tit h :inil I'von into th' v IT ;u:;, Ir.st it i-* ii' t i-« u- tial as long :u it i-. l,io! k i :i u[ line ju-t before addiiiir to the rn.i:n, wl'n h cl.....l.) ?wv fr,\ri K(\ tn ?i"l ii, ITI -- · 'Vf-i -il- ing to tlu linn' in \\hich it is' desired !» ripen and tlie ti'iiiix-mtun 1 in the nxm. That tompvrartsrv as well as the iunti- tity of sUirtt r to be i:sed must b 1 d- cidcd on after u little csperiuicntir A 4 to C ]x-r cent st:irter f--r uupast^ur- ized cre:ua and 8 to 10 for pjLStenrin-d creuui v ill, i.s u riui. lm\' I!K' i ILUIU ripe at 05 deprei-s in SO to ~~ hours. If the dairy is cii«dvctd on model lines and sill tiio rows ki '.t clean, etc., and if about li-ilf tiie herd ibfrt'sli inilk- iiiK, tliere is, us u ml' 1 . 110 in'c*! of any starter at :i!l. The cream will ripen simply by v.':«miiiip it to 70 or 75 degrees and keening it thr-re till nearly ripe, w hen, of o'ur-v, it should b»' cooled down to a di-gr(v or two U'low churuioR temperature. i)i; th'- other hand, if the conditions in th" dairy arc not perfect, or if a niaj« rity of tin) cows arc strippers, it P-1T-, to iiho :i starter. If there shi-wld be objections to the daily trcuib!- of securing a good starter, it may be eiionirh to srcuro it once a fortnight; (more or less) and propagate it from dny to day as described for the creameries. Whoa tlie starter is for nso in a creauicrj-, secure the milk, as described above, for 1, 000 pounds of uupostenrizecl cream, say 55 pounds. Next day use the 50 pounds for ripening the. cream and the 5 pounds for preparing the following day's starter. This is done by taking 50 ponuds of the best skinimilk available and heating it under constant stirring in n can set iii a water bottlo until it is 100 degrees F. Keep it at this temperature for 30 minutes or an hour and cool it to UO degrees. Stir in the 5 pound starter and keep it, us before, between 60 and 00 degrees, till coagulated, and so on from day to day. ^c JWTC thus ds. scribed it in detail Modifications may he made, and in niauy good dairies the buttermilk proves au excellent starter if used with care. No commercial starter lias beuu made as yet that will beat the homemade one, but tiie reliable ones have the advantage of uniformity. -- Country Gen.- tleman. Dairy and Crtamrry. Vaseline is excellent to rnbonacow's scratched or chapped teats. If tho dairymen of 50 years ago could come to life and sec the big crcamt-rie? nr,v; in opera*.on, the great cattle barns ·with eiuiri; li^Ms and appliance for wanr.ii:^' v.«;-r for the cows to drink in winter, l:ov- :hy would open their eyes! Tht rv- i? re irfiuftry in the United Stati,; :h^: L:!-; progressed more than th-::ury j.nj" creamery buBiaii. Best of all ti.'.":ir.- yi-t still newer, better imti'C'^; of v- r': :::;n newer, better ap- !,;::.!:'«::·:'· v ']·. awnfce n;a!iXifr.rTnr- :r of «j..:ry j.icciuots lo avail himself of An L:.c;;i. Ii dairyman who still gives h:- f(.v,.; or.nk hj the old fashioned m - . t i - r i f f c^rryi:!g pails of water to th':r, s.«yn I:. :::vays perfon::s this task binst\f Jori.T:?-' he never f r iund aiy farm laborer wh^-ni h«- could trust. Tho hired man v.'iil always swear he gave the cow« a drink "about an hour ago," wh»n it may h;w« b^n fiv» or Fix hours. Tne state of affairs indicated by this story is tough on both employer aud hired man. Bran mashes are very cooling and ·OOthing to fevered cows. Xoltke and HI* Geaeralahlp. Tbo question hag often beea raised. "'What systeia did Moltke puisne in strategy?" All are now pnnAy well screed la answering it as follows, "His system lay In the maxim, 'March on different lines and concentrate to strike.'" The question Is, of course, wrongly put, for what great commander ever followed any "systeia of strategy?" And the answer given above is not less wrong in itself, for it expresses no principle, but mereJy contains one of many conditions without which great bodies of troops cannot possibly be handled or war ou a largo scale --Forum. Companions of the noble ordTS take rank immediately after the knights of the same order, their precedence amonj themselves being arranged by a com- Dlicated but well understood system. ConfoMion. Barber--Don't you want some tonic to make your hair stay in? N. Pock--A-ah--I don't believe I da The easier It comes out the leas it hurts.-- u !··»· ··,».·· r :i'i /_i.-'»; taz tmVrr \potm- er thjji ji::;,:' .:._· v.c J_m- ti prejfut oa tb0 vay. · N w, M Ik-L :»-K- · \»-.:^rc liir tbo ! -. rv uiv rvfrifc-t- r f'.r»- «'«t -··.:i;iK' but wtth bit IV tx-»'u l- UMT lu J I ··· , hnuiu ]· l-'j'.t ILuuUtua l-i M i*-;. « wtth te- ·--·-fi-.-ft V,'nmr« 'f- v. lu-.irly 7 feet in tlnnvtuj; tl.'i 1- is t t- form t-itlh-r the ol- j t i't!\i f,r n r n-r (nr a rvii mimir t«i u-*- u;; t» :-«-'i»'. !iuta;lano i!.-- |ri!ici;iU- ,( i:i«-UT '.'.' i s al»ut lh.it r:ii t!«- in:,- I. los.ii|k, ore t i't t. r- isi ilittiui j tT -- that la, t.'.c .'!il'-;i^- n.va bo- !.»..- if IK;!'! i.i'i-" iiitr ri-llw t vi fr':i. liis lui}o« t i !»· -t!,.it K to K-iy, i!ii- r.iyn nn». r\fKixl M» :.ti:~iitl -- fr»iu t!..- r :!ocU»r» instoail nf |irl:ii.:i.l/ fniui t!u % pbtiii-:. .in In. tht - !·«· of all (ir.'.it n-fnu-'-iiift toli-« · jxsl "rr»i!i $'·· .t'i.i\' oirvuni'-t.itK'i-i tho itiiit^M to U- | r» ilu^tl niu-l Iv fjiliiu-r upon M. IK 1 !""" !''· iiriiii-ij'U', iiinl In- [m|«iMW to WKtLt'ii It Ntill i.i.r- ty M.-tlti;.' UH- luiaf*u ltl»i!' a ·· TI- n ii!-ti-;iil «-f Jinvtly ujmit the rvtiiuiof tii,- fiiiivrtiT s cji- Kur i»i|iular vl-i.al pnri-i- -, M. II !.i!n.I»''- hi-trunuuit Wllliloultli-vi K- a Mtitcsh, but It will only jn\i hiifroin the c|M uiculuriKiint f vlow -- t»t uiutiMe nil umllrtuv. Its M'lt'iitilk- \t»l- uo will IM- nil, xvhllo its «it MVIU.S to inn ubnanL 1 \i-uuuv to think that U(KJII my own iirlnctplo I could jrudnco t«-u times thoetTwi no ti tithf »i th.i iimuuul. If i (Un wrouK, a nmplu of years' thoughtfni experimenting hnvo btvn lu vain." Cumbrian Etymology- Many looiillties rotain tho names origt- llrlajiis, tluwo, for example, which luvvo the pn-'Hx cum. which In the Welsh cwm, ·. valley. Anderson, tho local poet, emimer- atcs than:: There'* Curawhitton, Cnmwhinton, Crott- rnnton. CmnriuiKoii, Camrcw and Comcatch. And niony ninir cums in the county, , But niu u i' Cuiiulivuuk utiii uiiilch. Some of tlie above names, It will bo ob- wrvcd, have tho Anglo-Saxon "ton" superadded to them. Tlie familiiir Celtic prefixes, pen, a hilltop, and cnor, a fortress, appear in Pcnritfc and Pesiruddock, which both signify "red hill," Curdurnock and Carlisle, or Caer- LeoL Durnock may be tho Gaelic dwr- CUOP, "water UH," or else n proper name. Leol is merely n conern*;tlon of Luguvalli- urn, tin- lioniau name of Carlisle and the Latinized form of somo unpronouoceoble appellation by which the Britons designated tho Kite of that city. In Talkin we recognize tho Celtic word talc-en, a brow, and In Cnstlo Carrock w« may trace tho Gaelic cnrragh (which moao* a largo stone act on end) or the Welsh cares, a rock. Tho river names of the county ate for the most part of Celtic origin. Thus tho Irth- iug, wauuoriiig uvur Utu allmuj pliilii, l» believed to derive Its name from tho Welsh. gwryddn, to writhe or turn, and the Gelt, dashing over its bed of red sandstone, from. the Celtic gult, a rock. Of mountain names, Helvollyn, the yel- lawmouDtotnj-Rlvelyn, tho rod mountain, and Bleucathra, tho seat mountain (tho ancient name of Saddleback), are Celtic. Tho Gaelic word catbalr and Welsh coder mean a chair, and Blacn Is a Welsh term for a hilltop, occurring in other local names, such as Blencow and Bionncrhaa- sete -- Gentleman's Magazine. ^ Aa EnciUh View of Lord DttnVrrtn. Tho well graced actor leaves the stage, Lord Duffcrin, by rights, ought to have retired Homo time ago, but his time was extended. Ho has been viceroy of Canada, viceroy of India, ambassador at St. Petersburg, and bo has ended with Paris, the blue ribbon of the diplomatic turf. And, yet it would be difficult to say to what moral or Intellectual qualities he awes Ua» extraordinary success. A gr«»t man he as- ' BUredTyis not In any sense of the term. Ha fo vet; bad linguist, even for oar diplomatic service, and it is impossible to- point to any treaty that ho has negotiated orauy difficulty that he has settled in Europe^ Neither in Canada nor in India -will Id* name be associated with any reform or legislative achievement, though no doubt It 1* true that- in these dKys the Initiative of" emfeaesadors and viceroys has been destroyed bfthe telegraph. Perhaps Lord Daffer- in's greatest merit is that he has an instinctive eye for the line of least resistance^ which he has always followed with tho ease and gayety of a well bred Iri"5hman. He i* not a wit, but he says pleasant and pointed things at tbo right time to the right people. Ho will now retire. -- Saturday Ke- A pMBfam tor The new Duchess of Marlborough that the salient feature of England is it* de-rotioa to bazaars. Of this she judges by her correspondence, which includes scans and scores of letters asking her to open or otherwise patronize these forms of mingled charity and amusement Her grace is. of coure?, for the moment the greatest "draw" at any lottery or fancy fair that can be found, and this the children of lighton: wise enough to know. The duchess, however, too simple to see her own personal aftrrvfifm. can mtr suppose that a prevailing passion for bazaars is a thing to bw reckoned upon if you come to live in ay eastern -- a ajmnarativelr eastern -- laci A JDaroiay Footmaa. Miss Xorjji.i jlu;;ro, (laughter of Xorman L. MUDTO of Norwood Park, haa introduced a novel fearure in summer Iif» Bt Long Branch. It i-s the dummy foot- Aliroro is one of theroossexueft whips at the Branch- She haJidlc? » four- in-hand with all ^b^Errsoertf a pr^fessionaB and is an accomplished horseback ridec.. Miss Mnuro's footman is a creation of terr» eotta and wears a gray suit with hat aact! gloves to match. Tbe duniray occupies that footman's sest, and only the most rigidk observer can correctly answer the often IB^- peated question, "Is it alive?" The new fad promises to become popnloft »t the Branch this season. -- Sew World Shakespeare says vre are creature* that ltxk U ;"jix- ;uid after. The more *nrpn?ing tbat we do not look round * little, and H e what is passing under oar very eyes.--Carlyle. It has been noted by the oculists that bint eyed people are seldom color blind, the percentage of those so afflicted being greatest among persons with. bawl. and black eras.

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