Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on September 20, 1963 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Friday, September 20, 1963
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4 Gatesburg Regisfrer-MoiL Golesburg, HI. Fri,, Sept. 20, 1963 Carry On! EDITORIAL Co Mill ent and Review Criers of Havoc Some historians may decide to dub 1963 the "Year of the Demonstrations." We have had all types, including that old familiar variety aimed at disrupting a congressional hearing. Peaceful assembly to press for redress of real or imagined grievances is an assured American right of citizenship. It is obvious • that peaceful assembly, by definition, does not include riot. Evidently not so clear to some demonstrators is that it also does not include any other deliberate interference with the orderly processes of democracy, or with the functioning of the economic system ,which flourishes under democracy. It is bad enough that any Americans, white or Negro, should conclude that the way to "improve" the workings of democracy is to hamstring its processes. It is worse still when those who commit this grievous error shout "police brutality!" almost automatically when their interference with orderly life is curbed. Such cries were heard from "students" whose avowed aim was to disturb hearings by the House un-American Activities Committee into unauthorized student travel to Cuba. When a violation of order is the stated goal, police action to restore order is invited. Such action will surely follow. Indeed it must, if we are to keep democracy as a peaceful mechanism. The automatic shout of "brutality" has an empty sound when uttered in such circumstances. It amounts to contending that one should be left alone to disrupt democracy and that anyone who is interrupted in this mischief is by that fact the victim of "undemocratic" brutality. In no stronger position are those demonstrating Negroes who have chained themselves together to bar work at building sites, or tied themselves to cranes and other machinery. They should be extremely cautious in how they accuse police whose minimum responsibility at such times is to remove them as obstacles to work which reasonably must proceed. There is police brutality in this country— in all sections. But it is the unusual, the thing of excess, and needs in every instance to be proven. The charge is not one to be leveled as a matter of course against an officer who has no choice but to remove a screaming demonstrator from a congressional hearing room or a chained group of Negroes from the path of construction trucks. Those who so glibly make the complaint damage no cause but their own. When the police become a total and automatic enemy, the rule of law is not respected. For the police are among the necessary guarantors of the orderliness which is crucial to the democratic way. Bigger Wheat Glut Ahead? "Drop a grain of California gold into the ground and there it will lie unchanged until the end of time," orator Edward Everett told a Boston audience in 1855. "Drop a grain of our blessed gold (wheat) into the ground and lo! a mystery." The mystery is still there, all right, but today it has less to do with the growing process than with what the nation is going to do with all that wheat. Some 1.1 billion bushels of it—enough to meet all needs for. more than a year—already are in government hands. Taxpayers shelled out close to $500 million in fiscal 1963 to support the wheat price at $1.82 a bushel. The latest Agriculture Department crop report forecasts wheat production of 1,134,051,000 bushels for calendar 1963—4 per cent above 1962's output. Now, farmers in the winter wheat belt are oiling up their drills for the fall planting. For the first time since 1952 they can plant as much as they like. Despite warnings of $1 wheat, farmers in a referendum last May 21 decisively rejected tight controls and high supports on wheat production in 1964. It was a stunning setback both for the administration 's "supply management" program and for the commonly held idea that cash-crop farmers won 't vote against Santa Claus. The price of freedom will come high, though, if wheat farmers plant "fence to fence" hoping to offset lower prices. This was what Agriculture Secretary Freeman had in mind when he forecast "chaos" if the farmers voted down the administration wheat program. Most growers of v/inter wheat, which jnakes up 75 per cent of the total crop, seem to be planning to stay within then- present al- totnwnta. Such was the surprising finding in a recent nationwide spot check by Farm Journal magazine. The decision to avoid over- planting is a tribute less to the farmers' self- restraint than to remaining federal farm laws, especially the permanent wheat legislation passed by Congress in 1962. Under it, wheat growers still can get a 50 per cent support price of $1.25 a bushel in 1964 if they stay within their old acreage allotments. Dire predictions of a wheat price disaster also look less scary in the wake of Canada's unexpected $500 million sale of wheat to Russia. Perhaps U.S. wheat exports now can be expanded without disrupting world markets. Nevertheless, farm slate congressmen still worry about an economic recession centering in the Great Plains next fall on the eve of elections. Bills to set up an emergency wheat program offering higher price supports for farmers who voluntarily cut back production are getting a close look in both chambers. Administration officials earlier took the position that growers would have to five with the choice they made in the May referendum. President Kennedy even issued a sardonic statement accepting the wheat farmers' verdict and hoping "that this will prove to be a wise choice for wheat farmers and the country." The feeling now is that the President is very much alive to the possible results of election-year unrest in the wheat belt and would like to have something done about it. Yet U.S. News & World Report declares that it is the view of many farm-state Democrats that the White House has let the wheat problem drift too long for action by Congress this year. Some congressmen are said to fear that a "plowdown" may be necessary next spring to destroy excess plantings of wheat. Finances, U.S. Giving, Are on U.N. Agenda By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON (NEA) - There are ?8 items on the provisional agenda for the United Nations General Assembly this year. It fs likely a few more will be added during the session which convened in New York this week. About.half of the subjects up for discussion relate to international disputes. The other half relate to U.N. housekeeping operations, including financing. As of Sept. 15, all member nations are sufficiently paid up on their assessments to be able to vole on all issues before the 1963 Assembly. But if additional payments are not made before Jan. 1, Soviet Russia, France and some of the communist satellite countries will become more than two years in arrears on regular and special assessments for peace-keeping operations. This would subject them to a loss of voting rights in 1964 or until paid up. The guess is that they will pay up just enough to retain their votes, as they have in the past. But if France and Russia choose to make another fight against special assessments for keeping the peace in places like the Congo and the Near East, it will be a battle threatening future U.N. effectiveness. As of July 31, U.N. collections were more than $180 million in arrears—$44 million on working capital and regular assessments, $36 million for the Near East Emergency Force, and $100 million for the Congo account. AT THE General Assembly special session earlier this year emergency financing of $42 million was arranged to carry on operations through Dec. 31. The United States made some progress in getting its assessments for extra-contributions reduced from 49 pet ce"nt to 37 per cent of the total. There was some congressional complaint that this was not reduced to the 32 per cent of total which the U.S. pays on regular assessments. But considering that the United State's has 40 per cent of the total gross national product for all U.N. members, the 12 per cent cut on special contributions was regarded as a good start. On the purchase of U.N. bonds —a hot issue in the last Congress —total purchases up to Sept. 1 were $145 million by 50 countries, with $2 million more pledged but not paid in. U.S. purchases are half of this amount, keeping the pledge to match other purchases up to $100 million of the $200 million issue. THE 1964 BUDGET which Secretary General U Thant presents to the General Assembly is for $96 million for the U.N. itself, plus $100 million for its specialized agencies. With $14 million in receipts, the net total is $182 million. Total U.S. contributions to the U.N. for 1964 are $57 million in regular and special assessments, plus $175 million in contributions outside the budget for programs like Palestine refugees and the Children's fund. The United States gives 40 per cent of the special fund for economic planning, 70 per Cent of the United Nations Emergency Force costs in the Near East and up to 100 per cent on sortie of the special research projects. This ii. criticized as being of no immediate or direct benefit to the United States. There are demands in Congress—like the proposal by Rep. Durward G. Hall* R-Mo.— that U.S. contributions io any international organization be limited to a flat one-third of the total budget. But there is little support except from right-wing extremists for the prediction of Rep. James B. Utt, R-Calif., that the United States eventually will have to get out of the United Nations and that the U.N. will have to get out of the U.S. The Ball Is in Premier Khrushchev's Court By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN THE LATE Pope John XXIII's "Pacem in Terris" was widely— though surely mistakenly—interpreted as favoring peaceful coexistence with communist ideology both inside and outside the democratic nations. The misconstruction of the Pope's words, which actually endorsed communist behavior only to the extent that it might prove willing to forswear Marxist patterns in favor of a return to Christian morality, had its unfortunate effect on the Italian elections. The stories from Rome emphasized many an instance of the good Catholic housewife voting the Communist ticket because her worker-husband, a member of the Communist Party, had told her the Pope wouldn't mind if she did. This sort of thing apparently won't happen again if Pope John's successor, Pope Paul VI, has anything to do with it. Choosing his words carefully in speaking to a Visiting group of clergymen, Pope Paul has laid it down as Vatican policy to "fight Marxism not only in theory but in practice." These blunt words, surely, will filter down to Italian Catholic wives v/ho made the mistake last spring of letting their communist worker husbands interpret a papal encyclical for them. AS A MATTER OF FACT, the tip-off to the Vatican's real attitude toward dealing with the communists should have been obvious all along from the behavior of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, who was never importuned by Rome to express his willingness to accept exile from communist Hungary. The Vatican has accepted tiie Cardinal's insistence that he remain on Hungarian soil in the U. S. Embassy in Budapest. And Pope John XXIII, as it turns out, told Alexei Adzhubei, Khrushchev's son-in-law. that the creation of closer contacts between the Vatican and the Kremlin would need almost as much time as it took the Lord to create the earth. "The days of the Bible," the late Pope has been quoted as saying to Adzhubei, "are not days but epochs and s the epochs of the Bible are very long. We are now at the first day." So Pope John, before his death, was waiting for five more Biblical "days"—or epochs—to pass before a concord with the Kremlin might come to pass. And Pope Paul apparently has no disposition to hurry the Biblical pace by giving anything away. THE VATICAN'S implied policy of "hurrying things by waiting" tosses the diplomatic ball back to Khrushchev. The boss of the Kremlin can prove good faith in asking for better relations with the Roman church by doing some things that are quite within his own control. There is the case of the 71-year- old Most Rev. Josyf Slipyi, for example. As Archbishop of Lvov and Metropolitan of the Catholic Church in the western Ukraine, the Reverend Slipyi, though owing his allegiance to the ritual of the Byzantine church, comes under the political jurisdiction of the Vatican in Rome. The late Pope John managed to spring the Reverend Slipyi loose from political incarceration in Russia, where he had been kept in prisons or detention camps for 18 years, by demanding his unconditional release to attend the meeting of the Ecumenical Council. Khrushchev, at the time, was having his troubles with Catholics of both the western and eastern churches in Poland, Hungary and the western Ukraine—and he shrewdly decided that the release of the Reverend Slipyi might serve to allay considerable unrest. But the Reverend Slipyi, as it turns out, shares Cardinal Minds- zenty's distaste for the idea of being exiled from his native soil. Cardinal Mindszenty won't leave the confines of the U. S. Embassy in Budapest until he has the assurance of the Hungarian communist government that he will be allowed to take up his old duties as Primate of Hungary. And the Reverend Slipyi won't be satisfied until he is permitted to return to the Ukraine as the openly sanctioned head of a Ukrainian Catholic church. KHRUSHCHEV, if he is really sincere in wanting to make peace with the Vatican, couk} permit the Ukrainian church td emerge from underground by inviting the Reverend Slipyi to return to Soviet territory as a Kremlin-sanctioned head of a restoration. Such a gesture, if coupled with a corresponding grant of unconditional ecclesiastical freedom to Cardinal Mindszenty, would go at least a little way toward proving that Moscow's talk of a "thaw" in east-west relations is more than cynical public relations eyewash. Copyright 1963 On and Off Payroll; and, Boon to Teachers By FULTON LEWIS JR WASHINGTON - You remember Merwin Coad: The Iowa Congressman who slipped away one day in 1961, obtained a "quickie" divorce in some small-town Alabama divorce mill, then married a shapely, one-time beauty queen who first came to Washington as the wife of his administrative assistant. You know, the Congressman who didn't bother to tell his first wife she had been divorced or that he had remarried. That's right, the Congressman who put his new wife on the government payroll at $12,500 a year. Well, Merwin Coad, who did not run for re-election, is back on the federal payroll. Or was, until the other day. HE WAS quietly hired July 30 at $75 a day by the Agency for International Development. He joined a former colleague, Leonard Wolf, who draws down $19,300 a year from the same agency. Wolf, too, had a stormy Congressional career. Soon after he came to Washington in 1958, he put his wife on the payroll at $13,000 a year.- He was defeated for re-election in 1960. Coad went on the AID payroll July 30. Agency officials explained that the former Congressman was hired to coordinate AID activities with those of various church groups. A former minister, REMINISCINGof Bygone Times glar did not scare Mrs. Harry Holborn, 1103 E. Main St. She calmly called her husband and the man ran away. FIFTY YEARS AGO Saturday, Sept. Z9, 1913 Galesburg police resented it because members of a crowd of some 50 people standing near a street car waiting room, laughed at the police when they failed to catch a druken man that was causing a disturbance in the vicinity. Looking down into the barrel of a shining revolver held in the hand of a masked would-be bur- liie Almanac By United Press International Today is Friday, Sept. 20, the 263rd day of 1963 with 102 to follow. The moon is approaching first quarter. The morning star is Jupiter. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1519, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan began his global voyage to find a western passage to the Indies with five ships and 270 men. In 1873, financial chaos reached a climax in the panic of 1873, and the New York Stock Exchange closed its doors. In 1881, Vice-President Charles A. Arthur became the 21st President of the United States upon the death of president Garfield. In 1960, the United Nations admitted 13 African countries in the opening of a turbulent General Assembly session attended by several Communist leaders. And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him, and said unto him, The Lord is with thee, thou mighty man of valour.—Judges 6 :12. * • * The courage we desire and prize is not the courage to die decently but live manfully. — Thomas Carlyle. TWENTY YEARS AGO Monday, Sept. 20, 1943 A brief 30-minute City Council meeting was held. Aldermen engaged in a few snappy blasts of repartee then the meeting adjourned. Bud Linder, son of Mr. and Mrs. Neal Linder of near Galesburg, reported that a homing pigeon alighted at his home. The bird would not leave so the family kept the visitor in a cage. Now You Know More than 212,000 cubic feet of water passes over Niagara Falls per second according to the World Almanac. ' Coad was presumably thought to be in good standing with the men of God.. Senator Jack Miller, who has kept close tabs on Coad's political career, insists the AID job was a reward for Coad's vote on June 21, 1962. On that date, Coad voted to give the Secretary of Agriculture extraordinary controls over farmers. The bill failed, and Senator Miller predicted then that Coad would wind up at the federal trough. THE SENATOR'S colleague, Bourke Hickenlooper, also protested against Coad's appointment. He phoned David Bell, AID Director, and told him in no uncertain terms he thought. Bell, whose Congressional relations are bad er' -h, was in no position to further antagonize Hickenlooper, ranking Republican on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. So, on Saturday of last week, Merwin Coad "resigned." * * * THE DEPARTMENT of Health, Education and Welfare has spent $21,850 on an 814-page book designed to aid the nation's teachers. Included in the book, entitled "Programs, 1963" is—believe it or not—one section entitled "Official Girl Watchers Guide." Interested males are informed thsy must have 20 - 20 vision (corrective glasses are permitted). "Additional material required: binoculars, notebook. Average time: 2¥* hours (estimate)." Another section, concex-ned with social studies, states there is only one continent larger than Africa- Asia. Then comes the poser: "So, the enormous chunk of rock that is Africa is (a) the largest con­ tinent (b) the second largest continent." A THIRD section • deals with business. A question here will probably not stump the reador: "But before you contact a stockbroker, you should decide what type of stock buyer you are going to be and what kind of • you want to buy." Answer? Stock. Another question states: ''You could be one of two *ypes of stock buyers: A speculator or an investor. Speculators "speculate and investors ." ' Investors invest, if you didn't know. THERE ARE 15 pag How to Watch a Football Game, How to score a p-—J' tch, Coin Collecting, Roller Skating, Bridge and Chess. Senator Karl Mundt wonders whether the general welfare clause of the Constitution was really designed to promote the correct way to watch a football game. Copyright 1963 Qalesburg Raster-Mail Office 140 South Prairie Street Galesburg. Illinois TELEPHONE NUMBER Register-Mall Exchange 342-5161 Entered -\s Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under \cX of Congress of M---'-h 3. 1878 Dally except Sunday. Ethel Custer Schmlth Publisher Charles Morrow — Editor and Genera) Manager M. ti Eddy Associate Editor And Director of Public Relations H. H. Clay Managing Editor National Advertising Representative: Ward-Griffith Company Incorporated. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston. Atlanta, San Francisco. Los Angeles Philadelphia. Charlotte. MEMTER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS** rhe Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use or republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier in City of Galesburg 35c s Week. By RFD mail In our retail trading zone: 1 Vear S10.00 8 Months 93JO 6 Months $ 6.00 1 Month S1J» No mall subscriptions accepted in towns where there is established newspaper boy delivery By Carrier In retail trading son* outside City of Galesburg. 1 week 30c By mall outside retail trading zone in Illinois, lows and Missouri and by motor route to retail trading zone. 1 year $13.00 3 Months 13.71 6 Months 9 7.00 1 Month $1.19 By mail outside Wlnola, Iowa and Missouri 1 Year $18.00 3 Months S3.00 6 Months 9 9.80 1 Month 93.M Crossword Puzzzle States ACROSS 1 "Webfoot State" 7 "Pine Tree State" 12 Hydrocarbon gas 13 South wind 14 Wild ass 15 Beeves 16 Snakelike fish 10 Roman emperor ^TjS 11 Formerly 13 Active 18 Et cetera (abj 20 Spite 21 "Last Frontier State" 22 Assemblage 23 Organic salts 24 Bungle 25 Bad 26 Sand hill Answer to Prevfotw Punt* aanoaii 24 Reward 27 Compressor 81 Soft palate 82 Italian measure of distance tt Cigars . . * cigarettes . . . fhouy expense account VQUctors • • •** 83 End 34 "Lone Star State" 35 Spotted 38 Rub out 39 Deservers 41 Bean (India) J 4 Japanese sash 5 Crowlike bird 48 Irritates $1 American economist 64 Recess 55 "Hibiscus State" 56 Animal 57 Vibration DOWN lWind' instrument S Norse poetry 3 And other* (ab.) 4 Pat comment 5 Individual 6 Plucky 7 Cur i 8 Ibsen character 30 Flower 36 Uneven 37 Dictionary national biography (ab.) i 12 FT 40 Number „ 47 Fisheroun 'a 41 -Beehive State" trap 42 Depend 49 Scion 43 Small fish SO Femalo 45 Draught appeUatJaa) 46 Exchange 52 Lug premium 53 Be m debt If ar an 21 11 S3 - 35 54 • sialiii £g stj N aH Bf KEWSPAFBft EfflEKPHJAE A MM T ^fa?"^"/ W9 ^"JPa? 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